(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Select pleas, starrs, and other records from the rolls of the Exchequer of the Jews, A.D. 1220-1284"

THE 



PUBLICATIONS 



OF THE 



^>efben JSocief}> 



Trspl iravrbs rrjv iXsvdspmp 



VOLUME XV 



FOR THE YEAK 1901 



^eft>*n £?octdj> 



FouNrED 1887 

TO ENCOURAGE THE STUDY AND ADVANCE THE KNOWLEDGE 
OF THE HISTORY OF ENGLISH LAW. 



IPatrons : 

HIS MAJESTY THE KING. 
HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE PRINCE OF WALES. 

president : 

THE RIGHT HON. LORD MACNAGHTEN. 

HMce=fl>reslDents : 

THE RIGHT HON. LORD JUSTICE STIRLING. 
SIR HOWARD ELPHINSTONE, BART. 



Council : 



Mr. J. T. Atkinson. 

Mk. Henry Attlee. 

The Hon. Mr. Justice Bruce. 

Mr. A. T. Carter. 

The Hon. Mr. Justice Channell. 

Mr. Chadwyck Healey, K.C. 

Mr. F. A. Inderwick, K.C. 



The Hon. Mr. Justice Joyce. 
Sir H. C. M. Lyte, K.C.B. 
Mr. A. Stuart Moore. 
Mr. R. Pennington. 
Sir F. Pollock, Bart. 
Mr. W. C. Renshaw, K.C. 
Mr. T. Cyprian Williams. 



The Hon. Mr. Justice Wills. 

Xtteran? Director.: 

Professor F. W. Maitland (Downing College, Cambridge). 

Ibonoran? auottors: 

Mr. J. W. Clark. Mr. Hurert Hall. 

Hxmorarg Secretary : 

Mr. B. Fossett Lock (11 New Square, Lincoln's Inn, London) 

Ibonorarg treasurer: 

Mr. Francis K. Munton (95a Queen Victoria Street, London). 

1bon. Secretary ano (Treasurer tor ibe TUniteo States : 

Mr. Richard W. Hale (10 Tremont Street, Boston, Mass.). 



^dut $tm+ *ktatxB+ anb ot$tt (R*cotb* 



FROM THE 



EOLLS OF THE EXCHEQUEE OF THE JEWS 

A.D. 1220-1284 



I&efben J&ociefg 



SELECT PLEAS, STAERS, AND OTHER RECORDS 



FROM THE 



EOLLS OF THE EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS 



A.D. 1220-1284 






EDITED 
FOR THE SELDEN SOCIETY 

BY 

J. M. BIGG 







LONDON 

BERNAKD QUARITCH, 15 PICCADILLY 

11)02 



All right! rei 



PEBFACB 



A brief account of the rolls, from which the present selection is made, 
is given in the note on p. lxii infra. 

In the Introduction I have attempted to focus the scattered lights 
shed upon the rolls by the Chronicles, records cited by Prynne, 1 Tovey, 2 
Webb, 3 and Madox, 4 and othei.* printed and unprinted documents ; 
in which enterprise I have been greatly assisted by the labours of 
four Jewish scholars, viz. Dr. Gross, 5 Mr. Joseph Jacobs, 6 Dr. Neu- 
bauer, 7 and Mr. B. L. Abrahams, 8 to whom I gratefully acknowledge 
my obligations. 

For help in deciphering the frequently enigmatical script, and in 
other ways, my thanks are due to Mr. S. B. Scargill-Bird, Mr. E. 
Salisbury, Mr. C. G. Crump, Mr. C. Johnson, and Mr. H. E. 
Headlam, of the Becord Office ; also to Mr. F. B. Bickley and Mr. 
H. J. Ellis, of the British Museum, and Mr. G. J. Turner, of Lincoln's 
Inn. 

I am especially indebted to Professor Maitland for valuable sug- 
gestions during revision. It only remains for me to record my high 
appreciation of the sedulous care bestowed on every part of the work 
by the reader for the press, Mr. George J. Briscoe. 

J. M. BIGG. 

9 New Squabe, Lincoln's Inn. 

1 A Short Demurrer to the Jewes' long 5 The Exchequer of the Jews of England 
discontinued barred Keruitter into England. (Publications of the Anglo-Jewish H 
London, 1(556. toiical Exhibition, London, 1888, cited as 

2 Anglia Judaica. Oxford, 1738. A.-J.H.E.P.) 

3 The Question, whether a Jew, born e The Jews of Angevin England, London 
within the British Dominions, was, before 1893, and The London Jewry (A.-J.H.E.P.) 
the making the late Act of Parliament, a ' Notes on the Jews in Oxford. (Collec 
person capable by law to purchase and hold tanea, 2nd ser., Oxford Historical Society 
lands to him and his heirs, fairly stated 1890.) 

and considered. London, 1753. H The Expulsion of the Jews from Eng 

1 History and Antiquities of the Ex- laud in 1290. Oxford, 1895. 
chequer. London, 17b9. 



11371 1 



CONTENTS 



Introduction . 



I. Recordum loquele de Judeis Norwici qui sunt in prisona apud 

Londoniam ........... xliv 

II. Mandate of the King to the Justices assigned to the custody of the Jews 
touching certain statutes relating to the Jews in England, which 
are to be rigorously observed. The thirty-seventh year of King 
Henry, [a.d. 1253.] ......... xlix 

III. Provisions of Jewry delivered at the Exchequer by Sir Walter de 
Merton. The fifty-third year of the reign of King Henry. 

[a.d. 1269.] xlix 

IV. Mandate of the King touching lands and fees of Jews in England. The 

fifty-fifth year of the reign of King Henry, [a.d. 1271.] li 

V. Articles touching the Jewry ......... lv 

Note lxii 

EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS. 

Charters of liberties granted and confirmed to the Jews of England in the 

second year of the reign of King John. [a.d. 1201.] .... 1 
Pleas in the fourth year of the reign of King Henry, son of King John. 

[a.d. 1220.] 3 

Pleas of Easter Term in the twenty-eighth year. [a.d. 1244.] ... 7 
Pleas of Michaelmas Term in the twenty-eighth year and the beginning of 

the twenty-ninth year. [a.d. 1244-5.] 11 

Starrs of Easter Term in the thirty-seventh year. [a.d. 1253.] ... 14 

Pleas of Easter Quindene 17 

Easter Three Weeks 19 

Pleas of Holy Trinity Term in the fiftieth year. [a.d. 1266.] .... 31 

Starrs acknowledged in Holy Trinity Term in the fiftieth year [a.d. 1266.] . 33 
Pleas of Holy Trinity Term in the fifty-first year, nothing having been done 

in Easter Term by reason of the war. [a.d. 1267.] 36 

Hilary Term in the fifty-second year of the reign of King Henry, [a.d. 1268.] 38 

Easter Term in the fifty-second year. [a.d. 1268.] ...... 48 

Before our Lord the King on the Octave of the Purification of Blessed Mary 

in the fifty-fourth year, kc. [a d. 1270.] 50 

Easter Term in the fifty-fourth year. [a.d. 1270.] ...... 51 

Charters of William do Valence made in favour of Nicholas FitzMartin 

touching 50 marks of yearly fee-rent ....... 56 

Hilary Term in the fifty-fifth year, [aa 1271.] ...... 62 



vni CONTENTS 

TAGR 

Easter Month 63 

The Octave and Morrow of St. John the Baptist in the fifty-sixth year. 

[a.d. 1272.] 63 

The Quindene of St. John 6.3 

Hilary Term in the first year of the reign of King Edward, [a.d. 1273.] . 70 

Holy Trinity Term 76 

The Month and Morrow of All Souls in the first and the beginning of the 

second year. [a.d. 1273-4.] 78 

Holy Trinity Term in the second year. [a.d. 1274.] 78 

Michaelmas Term in the second and the beginning of the third year. 

[a.d. 1274-5.] 81 

Hilary Term in the third year. [a.d. 1275.] 84 

Easter Month 86 

Holy Trinity Term 87 

The Octave of St. Martin in the third and the beginning of the fourth year. 

[a.d. 1275-6.] 89 

Holy Trinity Term in the fourth year. [a.d. 1276.] 91 

Hilary Term in the fifth year. [a.d. 1277.] 92 

Easter Term 93 

Pleas resumed on the Octave of Holy Trinity by reason of the advance of the 

King's army on Wales in the fifth year. [a.d. 1277.] .... 95 
Michaelmas Term in the fifth and the beginning of the sixth year. 

[a.d. 1277-8.] 100 

Pleas of the Octave of St. Hilary in the sixth year. [a.d. 1278.] . . . 101 

Easter Month and Five Weeks 103 

Holy Trinity Term 105 

Holy Trinity Term in the seventh year. [a.d. 1279.] 106 

Hilary Term in the eighth year. [a.d. 1280.] 107 

Easter Term 109 

Easter Term in the ninth year. [a.d. 1281.] ■ 114 

Holy Trinity Quindene •. . . . .115 

The Quindene of St. John the Baptist 116 

Hilary Quindene in the tenth year. [a.d. 1282.] 117 

Michaelmas Term in the tenth and the beginning of the eleventh year. 

[a.d. 1282-3.] 120 

The Quindene of St. Hilary and the Morrow of the Purification of Blessed 

Mary in the eleventh year. [a.d. 1283.] 124 

Easter Term in the eleventh year ......... 125 

Inquest taken before Hamo Hauteyn at the Tower of London on the Morrow 

of the Close of Easter . 125 

Holy Trinity Term. At the Exchequer of the Jews at Shrewsbury . . 129 

Holy Trinity Term in the twelfth year. [a.d. 1284.] 130 

Michaelmas Term in the twelfth and the beginning of the thirteenth year. 

[a.d. 1284-5.] 133 

Glossary 135 

Index of Matters 137 

Index of Persons : Christians 141 

Index of Persons : Jews 147 

Index of Places 151 



INTEODUCTION 



Gkievous indeed, and by degrees more grievous, became the burden 
of the Jews under the sway of the barbarians, whom the collapse of 
the Roman Empire had made the arbiters of their destiny ; for it was 
the burden of a people that could neither hope to adjust its environ- 
ment to itself, nor even on honourable terms succeed in adjusting 
itself to its environment. Alien by race, by religion, by culture, by 
caste, dispersed throughout a fierce and licentious society in com- 
munities which by their wealth and weakness invited spoliation, 
Israel had nothing to expect from a Christendom reshapen in 
feudalism, retempered in the Crusades, but the lot of the outcast, 
the oppressed, and the persecuted. Founded in birthright, and 
cemented by fealty, feudal society inevitably excluded the Semite 
from its rigid aristocratic organisation. To domicil, even when 
hereditary, it attached little or no importance. Villeinage, unless 
released by way of guerdon for some extraordinary service, descended 
from father to son in indefinite succession with only such slight 
modifications of its harsher features as use and wont silently and 
imperceptibly introduced. 

Resident aliens were not only without political rights and incapable 
of holding an estate of inheritance in land, but were liable to ex- 
ceptional taxation, and subject to- expulsion at a moment's notice. 
The clause in Magna Carta (§ 41) for the protection of foreign 
traders from personal violence and pecuniary exactions shows the 
risks to which they were then exposed, and was probably dictated 
as much by a sense of common interest as by an enlightened apprecia- 
tion of the benefits of commerce. 

Moreover, it was perfectly possible for alienage, like villeinage, to 
be hereditary, notwithstanding permanent domiciliation ; for birth 
within a dominion did not of itself confer capacity to do fealty to its 






X RECORDA IN SCACCARIO JUDEORUM 

lord ; and to men who lacked this capacity, their native land proved 
a dura matrix, which refused to own them as legitimate offspring. 

Such was the position in which the Jews found themselves 
wherever feudalism gained secure possession of the field. By their 
inability to take an oath of fealty, they forfeited the position of free- 
men, and, thus excluded from the body politic, they remained subject 
to all the disabilities of aliens without the claims to consideration 
which other aliens derived from international comity and member- 
ship in the Catholic Church. They escaped villeinage, it is true, but 
they became a sort of social estrays, the devoted spoil of whoever 
might have the will and the power — and where the power was, the will 
was not likely to be wanting — to appropriate them. 

In England, where feudalism was qualified by an extremely high 

prerogative, the Jews were far too valuable a prey to be left by the 

Crown to indiscriminate appropriation, or to be surrendered by the 

Baronage without a struggle. Of the process by which they were 

delivered from the tyranny of the Front de Bceufs of the period, and 

subjected to the exclusive dominion of the Crown, we know nothing ; 

but it is evident from an ordinance which forms part of the so-called 

Laws of Edward, that the royal prerogative had not been established 

without a struggle, though the victory of the Crown had been decisive. 

' Be it known,' so runs this early Statute of Jewry, ' that all Jews, 

wheresoever they may be in the realm, are of right under the tutelage 

and protection of the King ; nor is it lawful for any of them to subject 

himself to any wealthy person without the King's license. Jews and 

all their effects are the King's property, and if any one withhold their 

"\ money from them, let the King recover it as his own.' 

f Whatever may be the precise date of this statute, it had acquired 

/ in the early thirteenth century sufficient authority to be associated 

/ by Hoveden with the great name of Banulf Glanvill, and is thus 

( conclusive as to the status of the Jews in his day. They were already 

\ in the same category as treasure trove, a perquisite of the Crown. 1 

^ The origins of the English Jewry are wrapt in obscurity, and 

possibly date from a period considerably anterior to the Norman 

Conquest. That event, however, certainly caused a large influx of Jews 

from the Continent, who established themselves in force in London 

and Oxford during the reign of the Bed King, by whom they were 

sedulously cultivated as a thorn in the side of the Church, encouraged 

in their denial of the Christian Faith, and perhaps employed as farmers 

C 1 Hoveden (Rolls Ser.), ii. 137, 231 ; 1840, p. 195 ; Liebermann, Ubor die Leges 
Ancient Laws of England, ed. Thorpe, Edwaidi Confessoris (18%), p. 66. 



INTRODUCTION XI 

of vacant abbeys and sees. Under the tutelage and patronage of his 
successors the Jewry enlarged its borders, so that at the time when 
Hoveden wrote there were probably few important towns in England 
where there was not a considerable and more or less wealthy Jewish 
community. A little earlier, in 1177, Henry II. had granted to the 
provincial Jewries an important concession — the right of burying 
their dead outside the walls of the towns in which they resided,^ 
instead of bringing the bodies, as had previously been the law, to the 
London cemetery in Cripplegate for interment. 1 

This mortuary law excepted, the Jews seem, during the first 
period of their sojourn in England, to have enjoyed a comparative 
immunity from vexatious regulations. They were as yet compelled 
to wear no distinctive badge; nor was it until 1181 that they were 
disarmed. Though they resided in separate quarters, the Jewries 
were as yet no Ghetti, and frequently contained a number of mansions 
imposing both by their dimensions and their massive stone architec- 
ture, domestic fortresses furnished with an Oriental magnificence too 
apt to suggest to the Crusader — half free-lance, half devotee— that 
good blows might be struck and rich booty gotten in the holy cause 
at less than the cost of a journey to Damascus. They practised with 
some success as physicians, and plied the craft of the goldsmith. 2 
Probably other crafts were open to them, for the craft-gild system 
does not appear to have been so far developed at the time of their 
first settlement in England as to preclude the formation by them 
of such associations, for which their wealth and solidarity would have 
facilitated the acquisition of the necessary charters. On the other 
hand, the sphere of their trading operations was seriously restricted 
by the gilds merchant. They had not the full jus commercii ; they 
could not go into the market and compete freely as vendors and 
purchasers. 3 The readiest and most lucrative way in which they 
could employ their capital was, therefore, to lend it, and their opera- 
tions received from a very early period the countenance and 
encouragement of the Crown. The privileges which they enjoyed 
were derived from a Charter granted by Henry I. to a particular 
magnate, his family and dependents, which was confirmed to his 

1 Pet. Bles., Cont. ad Hist. Ingulf. charter from him. See Rot. Chart, p. 
(pseud.) an. 1100 ; Eadmer (Rolls Ser.), pp. 62. 

99-101 ; Will. Malmesb., Gesta Reg. (Rolls 3 Cunningham, Growth of English In- 

Ser.) ii. 371; Gesta Reg. Hen. II. (Rolls dustry and Commerce during the Early 

Ser.) i. 182 ; Stow, Survey of London, ed. and Middle Ages, 3rd ed. p. 336 et seq. ; 

Strype, Book iii. 54, 88. Ashley, Introduction to English Economic 

2 A Jewish goldsmith named Leo was History and Theory. 2nd ed. i. 76 ; Gross, 
patronised by King John, and received a The Gild Merchant, i. 41. 



xii RECORDA IN SCACCARIO JUDEORUM 

posterity by Henry II. and Richard I. The Charter was probably 
from the first construed with considerable latitude, for it was not to 
the interest of the Crown to limit its scope ; and it was expressly 
extended to the entire community by John (10 April 1201). 

By virtue of this patent the Jews were free to travel and settle 
where they would, and to receive and purchase whatever might be 
brought to them, except things ^lextainhig to the Church and blood- 
stained cloth, 1 througEout^ the length ancTBreadth of England and 
Normandy, were authorised to sell their ' vadia ' or securities after a 
year and a day's possession, were exempted from tolls and customs, 
including the wine duty, and from all jurisdiction except that of the 
King himself, or his castellans ; were entitled to be tried by their 
peers, to be sworn on the Pentateuch, and to certain other privileges. 
The Charter prescribed that in all cases between Christian and Jew 
the plaintiff should produce two witnesses, a Christian and a Jew. This 
was fair enough, for it was doubtless as hard for a Jew to obtain 
Christian evidence against a Christian as for a Christian to obtain 
Jewish evidence against a Jew. But the Charter proceeded to distin- 
guish : If a Jew were impleaded by a Christian who failed to produce 
testimony, he might purge himself by his bare oath on the Pentateuch, 
whereas in a similar case a Christian, as the law then stood, might be 
required to wage his law twelve-handed — i.e. with eleven com- 
purgators. 2 Thus immensely more weight was attached to the oath 
of a Jew than to the oath of a Christian. Nor was this all. The 
Charter gave to a writ in the hands of a Jew an evidential value which 
it did not accord to a writ in the hands of a Christian. The effect 
was to place the Jew at a great advantage over the Christian both for 
attack and for defence. The intention was to use the Jewry as a 
reservoir equally open to receive and close to retain the surplus wealth 
of the surrounding population, so that the Crown might never lack a 
fund on which to draw in the hour of need. In an action on a loan 
the Jew had but to prove the advance, and the onus lay upon the 
debtor to dispute the interest. As to the rate of interest the Charter 
is silent, but from an incidental statement in the ' Dialogus de 
Scaccario ' 3 we gather that in the reign of Henry II. the ordinary rate 

1 See Glossary, 'Pannus sanguinolentus.' Oxford until 1248 ; and it is noticeable that 

2 See Select Civil Pleas (Selden Soc), i. four years before the Oxford Jewry, one of 
3, case 7, and cf. Magna Carta, § 38, the most splendid in the country, had been 
' Nullus ballivus ponat de cetero aliquem looted by the scholars. Collectanea, sec. 
ad legem simplici loquela sua sine testibus ser. (Oxford Hist. Soc.) p. 285 ; Mun. Acad, 
ridelibus ad hoc inductis.' For the text of (Eolls Ser.) ii. 778. Ann. Monast. (Rolls 
the Charter of the Jews, see p. 1, infra. Ser.) iv. 91. 

3 Lib. ii. § x. The rate was not fixed at 



INTRODUCTION Xlll 

was 2d. a pound a week, or 43£ per cent, per annum, which in the 
thirteenth century was recognised as the legal maximum, compound 
interest being strictly forbidden. The gage, or ' vadium,' charged the 
debtor's lands as well as his chattels with the principal and interest, 
and lands of any tenure were chargeable until 1234, when exception 
was made of demesne estates of the Crown held in socage or 
villeinage. 1 

On default in payment the creditor was entitled to seisin by a 
summary process, and might either sell the lands after a year's pos- 
session or hold them until he had satisfied himself out of the profits. 
On the other hand, if the land were freehold, he was impeachable for 
waste, and no laches or lapse of time was apparently pleadable in 
bar to a writ of account. Magna Carta (§ 10) further restricted his 
rights by suspending the accruer of interest during the minority of an 
heir, and this clause was incorporated in the Provisions of Merton 
(1236). Moreover, his position was precarious at the best, for the 
King might at any moment assign his security or release the debtor 
from the bond. It was also, as regarded feudal hereditaments, 
anomalous, for it was only as gagee that he could be seised of them 
at all. 2 The privilege which he enjoyed in the courts of swearing on 
the Pentateuch was not extended to the ceremony of investiture, so 
that he could not do either homage or fealty, and it was not lawful 
for Christians to do homage or fealty to him. He was not deemed 
worthy to hold a place of honour in the feudal system. We shall see 
later on that it was not until 1275 that he was legally capable of 
holding so much as a ten years' agricultural lease, and the license 
then granted was subject to the express reservation that he received 
no homage or fealty from Christians. It was only land tenable by 
rent in money or kind that he was entitled to hold at common law, 
and the ' mortua vadia,' which are rarely and barely mentioned in the 
rolls, were probably rentcharges. 

Though not technically a ' liberty,' the Jewry enjoyed a qualified 
autonomy in matters juridical. Within its borders the King's writ 
did not ordinarily run except in pleas of the Crown or between 
Christians and Jews. Cases in which Jews alone were concerned 
were as a rule left to the cognisance of their own tribunals. These 
privileges are recognised in a separate Charter granted by John to 
the English Jewry concurrently with the Charter already mentioned, 
and were probably of no less ancient origin. The office of Chief 

1 Eot.Lit. Claus. 18 Hen. III. m.9dorso. Joh. (Rec. Comm.) pp. 35,42,44,48, 73, 

2 Rot. de Lib. ac de Mis. et Pra?st. regn. 98 ; Webb, App. No. 3. 



XIV EECORDA IN SCACCARIO JUDEORU.U 

Eabbi (a freehold) lay, at least from the accession of John, in royal 
grant ; but there is no evidence that the Jewish Church as such 
suffered at the hands of the Crown until the reign of Henry III, 
when, as we shall see, the number of synagogues was first limited. 
The relations of the Jews with the Christian Church appear also to 
have been on the whole fairly harmonious until some years after the 
Fourth Council of Lateran (1215) ; but it must not on that account 
be supposed that English anti-Semitism was of foreign importation. 
At Norwich, in 1144, we encounter the first unmistakable imputa- 
tion of ritual murder, and the horrible accusation is repeated at 
Gloucester in 1168, at Bury St. Edmunds in 1181, at Winchester in 
1192 and 1232, at London in 1244, and at Lincoln in 1255. Similar 
stories circulated on the Continent, where indeed the tradition con- 
tinues to this day ; but none is of equal antiquity with that of St. 
William of Norwich, recently edited from the long lost manuscript of 
Thomas of Monmouth by eminent scholars. With the exception of 
the last, which will be dealt with in its proper place, these need not 
be discussed. They were not subjected to judicial scrutiny, and 
therefore it is only as illustrative of the atmosphere of suspicion in 
which the English Jews of this period lived and moved that they 
fall within our purview. At present we may rest satisfied to note the 
bare fact that a belief was at this time generally prevalent in England 
that the Jews were accustomed periodically to kidnap or purchase a 
Christian boy, and, after circumcising him and retaining him for some 
days in a state of semi- starvation, to enact an infamous travesty of 
the Passion of Christ by mocking, scourging, crucifying, and stabbing 
him to death. The Jews were also believed to treat with cruel 
indignity such Christian women as entered their employ as nurses ; 
and therefore as early as 1235 they were forbidden, at least in 
Norfolk, to engage such servants. The dark strangers from the East, 
with their peculiar rites and mysterious language, were, moreover, 
reputed adepts in the black art, and all kinds of occult science and 
secret villainy. Graver and more tangible were the charges of forgery, 
and clipping and counterfeiting the coin of the realm, which were from 
time to time brought against them. Much of the feeling against the 
Jews was doubtless due to instinctive antipathy to the alien, and 
some part of it must be credited to clerical influence ; but though the 
clergy may lead, direct, and accelerate, they cannot generate a vast 
volume of popular passion, and the crusading spirit which predis- 
posed to belief in the rumours of ritual murder, though fomented by 
ecclesiastics, was itself the spontaneous outcome of age-long racial as 



INTRODUCTION XV 

well as religious antagonism. The charge of coin-clipping, at any 
rate, was one which the clergy had no special interest in aggra- 
vating ; yet it ranks only second, if second, to ritual murder in the 
indictment against the Jews. In 1204 summary measures were 
taken against persons found in possession of light coin, and whereas 
Christians were allowed bail, it was expressly denied to Jews ; and 
this differential treatment is the more remarkable because the Jews 
were at this time under the special protection of the Crown. The 
record of these proceedings is not forthcoming ; but they were 
certainly not without effect, for we hear much less of frauds on the 
currency for many years. From this, however, we cannot infer 
that the suspicion cast upon the Jews was justified by the event ; 
indeed, were it not that the information vouchsafed by the chroniclers 
is at this period, on all matters, extremely meagre, we might safely 
conclude from their total silence on this that few, if any, Jews were 
convicted. 1 

For the chroniclers certainly do not err by partiality to the Jews. 
Not that they were intentionally calumnious or habitually careless, 
these early historians of England : on the contrary, they strove to be 
veracious ; their accuracy is on the whole remarkable, and their 
credulity, though great, was by no means boundless. Like the Jews, 
they were men of peace and belonged to an order which had much to 
lose, and from time to time lost much by the exactions of the Crown. 
In a dark and tempestuous age they kept alive the sacred fire of learn- 
ing, and were the pioneers of the progressive culture of the modern 
world. Yet, with the sole, though important, exception of Matthew 
Paris, they have little sympathy or charity to spare for the Jewish 
people, if they do not rather evince a hostile spirit, and it is there- 
fore much to be deplored that the secular literary remains of the 
English Jewry of this period are so scanty that we can only be said 
to know the Christian side of the question. An Anglo-Jewish 
chronicle on the scale of that of St. Albans, and written in the same 
language and with equal care, would have been of inestimable historical 
value ; nor does it appear that the rabbis lacked either the leisure or 

1 Tovey, p. 55, 104 ; Rynier, Fcedera, ed. Ric, I. (Rolls Ser.) iii. 435, iv. 251 ; Gervas. 

Clarke, i. 95, 274, 293, App. p. 7 ; Labbe, Cantuar. (Rolls Ser.) i. 296 ; Chron. Petro- 

Concil. xxii. 1054-6, 1172 ; Rad. de burg. (Camden Soc.) pp. 2, 3 ; Ric. Divis. 

Coggeshall (Rolls Ser.), i. 191; Life and (Eng. Hist. Soc.) p. 63; Hist. Monast. S. 

Miracles of St. William of Norwich by Pet. Glonc. (Rolls Ser.) i. 20 ; Ann. Monast. 

Thomas of Monmouth, ed. Jessopp and (Rolls Ser.) i. 340, ii.86, 296,iv. 24; Raynald. 

James (1896) ; Trivet (Eng. Hist. Soc), Ann. Eccl. (ed. 1747) ii. 395 ; Rot. Lit. Pat. 

pp. 18, 68, 245 ; Flor. Wigcrn. (Eng. Hist, (Rec. Coram.) p. 47. 
Soc.) ii. 155 ; Chron. Steph., Hen. II., and 



XVI RECORD A IN SCACCARIO JUDEORUM 

the means of information required for its production. From the 
Arabians, the Europe of the Middle Ages received a potent intellectual 
stimulus and a positive intellectual bequest : to the contemporary Jews 
it acknowledged only pecuniary indebtedness. 1 The sense of this in- 
debtedness reinforced, if it did not generate, the popular anti- 
Semitism ; for embarrassed men seldom survey their position philo- 
sophically, so long as they have anything to lose or any means of 
retrieving their losses. The usurer in a rude state of society 
inevitably risks something dearer to him even than his money ; and 
in England the general odium in which the Jews were held was 
immeasurably intensified by their exemption from the ordinary 
taxation, and their other privileges, indebtedness to a creature of the 
Crown being of all forms of indebtedness the most galling. Their 
liability to contribute to the revenue individually, as occasion demanded 
and means permitted, was probably as old as their connection with the 
Crown ; but it was not until 1168 that they were subjected to col- 
lective talliage. Henry II. then demanded from them an aid of 
5,000 marks, and as they owed their footing in the country and the 
greater portion of their already vast wealth to the protection and 
privileges which the Crown guaranteed them, the impost was by no 
means exorbitant. It met, however, with a resistance which provoked 
the King to banish the more opulent members of the community. In 
these circumstances it is not surprising that, notwithstanding the 
royal veto on Strongbow's Irish expedition, a Jewish loan supplied 
the adventurers with the sinews of war ; but the discovery of the fact 
did not tend to conciliate the King, and the Jews then stood in especial 
need of royal favour, for the tide of anti-Semitism was setting in as a 
flood. 2 

The Crusade had failed and Christendom sought a salve for its 
wounded pride in reprisals upon the Jews. Twenty years or more had 
elapsed since St. Bernard of Clairvaux, with partial success, had pro- 
tested that the war should be confined to the Levant. St. Bernard 
was now dead, and had left no spiritual successor. The Jews had 
thus no advocate in Europe, at a crisis in their fortunes of excep- 
tional gravity. In France, in 1180, the entire Jewry, no inconsider- 

1 Maimonides, the one great Jewish kind. See Abrahams, Jewish Life in the 

thinker of the Middle Ages, was doubtless Middle Ages, pp. 361-71, 405-6. 

felt as a stimulus in the Christian schools ; - Mag. Eot. Scacc. (Eec. Coram.) pp. 53, 

but the character of his metaphysic was 146-9 ; Mag. Eot. Pip. (Eec. Coram.) 

essentially uncongenial to the Western 2 Hen. II. p. 36, 5 Hen. II. (Pipe Eoll 

mind. The Jewry produced no rival to Ser.) pp. 3, 4, 6, 53, 14 Hen. II. p. 222, 

Eoger Bacon, and except in the South had 16 Hen. II. p. 78 ; Gervas. Cantuar. (Eolls 

no considerable secular culture of any Ser.) i. 205. 



INTRODUCTION Xvii 

able portion of the population of Philippe Auguste's dominions, was 
arrested, committed to close custody, and held to ransom in fifteen 
thousand marks ; and this harsh measure was but the prelude to 
the banishment of the community from the realm two years later. 
It is probable that the decree was to a large extent anticipated by 
voluntary emigration, that not a few of the refugees found a home in 
England, and that it was this influx of needy foreigners which led to 
the disarming of the Jewry in 1181. 

Henry II. had not hitherto shown himself disposed to deal harshly 
with the Jews; but in 1188, when Saladin's tithe was imposed to 
repair the losses in the East, no sense of incongruity deterred him 
from compelling them to contribute their quota to the maintenance 
of a cause in which they had, if any, only an adverse interest. Nor 
do we now hear of recalcitrance ; there is no longer any need to resort 
to banishment or other strong measures ; the submissive people 
furnish i"60,000, little less than half the supply raised from the 
country at large ; nor was the amount of their talliage readily for- 
gotten. 1 

The conspicuous disparity between such wealth and the numbers 
of its possessors, the questionable — and, to the stauncher sort of 
Catholics, unholy — means by which much, if not most, of it had been 
acquired, and its as yet free, if not ostentatious, display, kindled the 
worst passions of a populace smarting under a sense of defeat, blinded 
with bigotry, ebullient with fanatical zeal. The sequel is one of the 
most deplorable chapters in our annals. While the disaster of Tiberias 
was still unavenged Henry II. died at Chinon on 6 July 1189. The 
magnates of the Jewry, who naturally wished to propitiate his successor, 
attended the coronation in great state (3 September). They were for- 
bidden to enter the church, and as, after the religious ceremony was 
done, they thronged the precincts of the palace in the hope of 
catching sight of the King, they were thrust back by some of the crowd. 
A fray ensued, which soon became a general melee. The Christians 
pursued the fugitive Jews to their quarters, and finding the houses im- 
pregnable to assault, set fire to them, and, massacring such as attempted 
resistance, commenced a general sack. The Justiciar Ranulf Glanvill 
arrived on the scene too late to arrest or retard the work of desola- 
tion, which only terminated when the rioters were fairly sated with 
blood and plunder ; nor did any adequate retribution follow this 
signal breach of the peace. The example set by London was followed 

1 Migne.Patrolog. (Lat.) torn, clxxxii. 565; Eer. Gallic. Script, xvii. 9; Gervas. Can- 
Rad. de Diceto (Bolls Ser.), ii. 4 ; Bouquet, tuar. (Bolls Ser.) i. 422 ; Tovey, p. 14. 

a 2 



XV111 EECOEDA IN SCACCAEIO JUDEOEUM 

in the provinces, and the Lenten season of 1190 was marked in red 
letters by a series of attacks upon the Jewries of the eastern counties, 
at Lynn, at Norwich, at Bury St. Edmunds, at Stamford, at Lincoln, 
and at York — where, in Passion Week, some hundreds of refugees 
beleaguered in the castle preferred self-immolation or mutual 
slaughter to surrender. The residue were ruthlessly massacred by 
the infuriated insurgents, who then broke into the cathedral, and 
burned the bonds, which, according to the custom of the time, their 
victims had placed for security in the chapter-house. 

This ostensibly religious persecution was suspected at the time to 
have been at bottom but ' a new way to pay old debts ; ' and the 
suspicion is confirmed by unimpeachable documentary evidence, which 
affords ground for supposing that one of the prime movers in the 
York affair, Eichard de Malebysse, had abundant reason for seeking 
such an adjustment of accounts. The sack of a castle was too grave 
a matter to be ignored, and so the circumstances were investigated by 
a special commission, with the result that the city was amerced and 
the Sheriff and Castellan were superseded. Malebysse was also fined, 
but most of the offenders escaped scot-free. Coeur-de-Lion was 
already on his way to the East, and Regent Longchamp was en- 
grossed with other matters than the vindication of the law against 
the murderers of the Jews. 1 

But the loss of the bonds was grave — indeed irreparable ; for the 
Crown possessed no duplicates. It was, therefore, of paramount 
importance to prevent the recurrence of disturbances which tended 
so seriously to depreciate the King's chattels ; nor was it long before 
the necessary measures of precaution were taken. The embarrass- 
ments of the King on his return from captivity were extreme. Most 
things taxable were taxed, and yet the inexorable problem of ways 
and means remained unsolved — truly a humiliating position for a 
lion-hearted monarch with a taste for magnificence. But there was 
still balm in Gilead. The Jews were assembled at Northampton and 
induced to contribute a liberal aid. The King appreciated their 
generosity, and took steps to secure their bonds against the excep- 
tional risks to which, as recent events had shown, they were subject. 
For this purpose there were established in London and other 
principal towns of Jewry ' Arch*,' or, as we should now say, registries 
of bonds. Each Archa was administered by four chirographers, two 

1 Will. Parv. de Novoburgo (Eng. Hist. pp. 26-8 ; Ann. Monast. (Rolls Ser.) iv. 42- 

Soc), ii. 1-30; Walt, de Hemingb. (Eng. 44; Jocel. de Brakelonda (Camden Soc), 

Hist. Soc.)i. 137-147; Ead.de Diceto (Rolls pp. 33, 123; Davis, nnt3B> (A.-J.H.E.P.), 

Ser.), ii. 75 ; Rad. de Coggeshall (Rolls Ser.), p. 288 ; Madox, i. 473, 483. 



INTRODUCTION XIX 

of whom were Christians and two Jews, assisted by two copyists 
(scriptores) and the clerks of the escheats. The chirographers were 
chosen by juries summoned by the Sheriffs, and on election were 
sworn and required to find sureties for their trustworthiness. In 
their presence, in future, all contracts of loan between Christians 
and Jews were to be reduced into legal shape, and they were to retain 
an exact copy of every such contract under triple lock and seal. In 
practice bond and memorial were written on the same skin, which, 
being folded on the blank space, was cut in an irregular line, so that 
the two parts corresponded as tallies. The original chirograph was 
sealed by the debtor and delivered to the creditor. 1 

Three rolls of receipt were also to be kept, one by the Christian, 
another by the Jewish chirographers, and a third by one of the clerks. 
A fourth roll, containing a record of every chirograph and of all 
dealings therewith, was to be kept by the clerks of the escheats. The 
presence of a majority of the officials was to be essential to the 
validity of any transaction in any way affecting the rights of the 
parties, and the keys and seals were to be so distributed as that the 
muniment chest should be always in joint control. How far these 
minute and stringent regulations were actually observed it is im- 
possible to say. 

The Jew's acquittances or assignments of loans were made out in 
the form to which he was accustomed in his dealings with his 
own people, and were termed starra, from the Hebrew "H3B>, shetar 
(memorial or record). They were written sometimes in Hebrew with 
a Latin transcript, sometimes in Latin alone, occasionally in Latin 
in Hebrew characters, and occasionally in Norman French. They 
were signed by the creditor in Hebrew, and further authenticated by 
his seal. A starr of acquittance entitled the debtor to cancellation 
and delivery of the duplicate or ' foot ' (pes) of the chirograph, but 
was not valid unless enrolled in the Exchequer. It is probable that 
this was not the original rule, but it was already established in the 
middle of the thirteenth century ; and hence transcripts of these 

1 In the middle of the thirteenth century Michaelis anno regni Regis Henrici, filii 

the practice was altered, tbe sealed part Regis Johannis, quadragesimo quarto, et 

being retained by the chirographers, and a nisi tunc reddidero, dabo ei unaquaque 

counterpart issued to the creditor as well ebdomada pro libra duos denarios de lucro 

as to the debtor. A few of the chirographs quamdiu dictum debitum per grantum 

have thus been preserved, of which the suum tenuero, et ideo invadiavi ei omnes 

following may serve as a sample : terras meas et catalla. Actum die Mer- 

' Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego curii proxima post diem Palmar um anno 

Willelmus, filiasRadulfide Hertheby, debeo eodem.' (Accounts, Exch. Q. R., Bundle 

Jacobo, filio Jacobi, Judeo, duas marcas 249, No. 7.) 
argenti reddendas ad octabas Sancti 



Xtf RECORD A IN SCACCARIO JUDEORUM 

documents appear with frequency upon the Plea Rolls. 1 It only 
remains to add that the debtor was answerable to the Crown upon 
an unregistered chirograph or a chirograph privily acquitted, and 
that, though executed with all due formalities, both chirograph and 
starr remained impeachable for fraud, which, however, was hardly 
possible without collusion or culpable negligence on the part of the 
officials. 2 

By this admirably contrived system the creditor was placed 
entirely at the mercy of the Crown. Henceforth whenever the Barons 
were more than ordinarily hard-fisted, the king had but to order 
a general scrutiny of the Arenas, and having thus ascertained the 
financial position of his chattels, could proceed to talliage them with 
scientific precision, and, if they proved refractory, attach their bonds 
and persons until his demands were satisfied. During the scrutiny 
the register was closed under triple lock and seal, and all business 
was suspended. The organisation within the Court of Exchequer of 
a separate tribunal for the trial of Jewish causes was the natural 
sequel to the establishment of the Archse. The connection indeed 
of the Jews with the Court of Exchequer was probably as old as the 
Court itself; for as chattels of the King, holding all that they 
possessed at his bare good will and pleasure, they were in a permanent 
condition of indebtedness to the Crown, and were therefore in all civil 
cases properly impleaded in the forum of account ; but of the specific 
Scaccarium Judeorum or Judaismi, Exchequer of the Jews or Jewry, 
as it came to be called, records there are none before 1218, nor any 
trace of its existence until the last year of Richard I. We then 
(1198) encounter four ' Custodes Judeorum,' ' Wardens of the Jews,' 
who are associated with the Barons of the Exchequer, and are in 
fact Barons in all but the name. These first Justices of the Jews — 
to adopt the title which afterwards became most usual — were Simon 
de Pateshull, Henry de Wichenton, Benedict de Talemunt, and Joseph 
Aaron. Not only Aaron, but Talemunt, was a Jew ; but there is no 
subsequent instance of a Jewish Justice of the Jews throughout the 
history of the Court. The Chief Rabbi, however, was expected to 
attend the justices as their assistant, and we read of certain rolls 
which he kept, though the nature of their contents does not appear. 
There was also a Jewish escheator, and the office of Clerk of the 

1 The identification of the historic Star Star Chamber (1894), p. 11. 

Chamber with the room in which the starrs - Hoveden (Eolls Ser.), iii. 266 ; Madox, 

were deposited when brought to West- i. 210-6 ; Tovey, pp. 32-41 ; Gross (A.-J 

minster for scrutiny is purely conjectural, H.E.P.), § ii. 
and gratuitous. See Baildon, The Court of 



INTRODUCTION XXl 

Court was held by a Jew, usually, it would seem, one of the chiro- 
graphers of the London Archa. 1 

In the Charters granted to the Jewry by King John the Justices of 
the Jews are ignored. ' Et Judei non intrabunt in placitum nisi 
coram Nobis aut coram illis qui turres nostras custodierint, in 
quorum ballivis Judei manserint.' ' And Jews shall not enter into 
plea except before Us or before those who have ward of our castles, in 
whose bailiwicks Jews dwell.' Such is still the language employed. 
The ' coram Nobis ' is wide enough to include all the Justices of the 
King's Court, and the subsequent practice is on the whole consistent 
with this large construction. An appeal of murder by Eobert of 
Sutton against Bonefand, a Jew of Bedford, was tried before the 
Justices on the Bedfordshire Eyre in 1202 ; and two other appeals of 
murder arising out of the death of a Jewess of York, one by her hus- 
band, Milo, against three Christians, another by her brother, Benedict, 
against Milo himself, are among the Crown Pleas of Trinity Term, 
1208. Whether they were tried at York or Westminster is uncertain, 
but their presence among the Crown Pleas is enough to show that 
they were not tried before the Justices of the Jews. 2 It is plain, 
therefore, that at that date the Justices of the Jews had at least in 
criminal matters no exclusive jurisdiction as against the Justices of 
the King's Court. 

The Charters of John were never expressly confirmed by Henry 
III. ; but they did not therefore lapse. They lived on as part — the 
most essential part— of the Consuetudo et Assisa Judaismi, of which 
the Justices of the Jews were the official guardians. The position of 
the Justices was, however, one which demanded no small vigilance. 
They had to defend the privileges of their proteges against the en- 
croachments of the ecclesiastical Courts, and the clergy, though 
always defeated, were slow to relinquish the contest. The exemption 
of the Jews from ecclesiastical jurisdiction, and the advantage which 
their own Assize gave them, if impleaded either before the Sheriff or 
in the Exchequer, were indeed the theme of one of the Articles of 
Grievance drawn up by the prelates in May 1257. It would seem 
that the Jew was never required to wage his law with more than 
two compurgators, of whom one might be of his own race and 
religion, and it is probable that the distinction between an oath 
on the Pentateuch and an affirmation was not very apparent 

1 Madox, i. Exch. i. 235, ii. 315 : Form. m. 9 ; Prynne, ii. 38, G9. 
Anglican, cxlii. ; Eot. Lit. Claus. 21 Hen. " Select Pleas of the Crown (Selclen 

III. m. 18, 33 Hen. III. m. 6, 7, 44 Hen. III. Soc), i. Nos. 59, 103. 



XX11 RECORDA IN SCACCARIO JUDEORUM 

to most Englishmen of that day, whether lay or clerical. More- 
over, as the Justices of the Jews did not ordinarily hold pleas in 
the provinces, a suitor who could not obtain redress against a Jew 
in the Sheriff's Court might be put to the expense of a journey to 
Westminster. In these circumstances the Justices in Eyre naturally 
refused to recognise the jurisdiction of the Justices of the Jews as 
exclusive of their own. From the Annals of Dunstable it appears 
that Martin de Pateshull presided at the trial in 1221 of Moses the 
forger, and though the record of this case appears upon the roll of the 
Exchequer of the Jews, it is certain that Martin de Pateshull was not 
one of the Justices of that Court. 1 

In the Norwich circumcision case hereafter (p. xxvii) noticed, pro- 
ceedings were instituted before the Justices in Eyre (1234), nor did 
the Jews plead to the jurisdiction. The case was adjourned pending 
an investigation by the King in Council and a reference to the 
Ordinary. The Jews procured a view by an oblation of ten marks, 
and afterwards applied for a mixed jury; but the Justices certi- 
fying that this concession would render a verdict impossible, the 
case was eventually tried by them with an ordinary jury, and the 
prisoners were found guilty and executed. That at no stage in these 
protracted proceedings was the jurisdiction of the Justices in Eyre so 
much as questioned is proof positive that it was not as yet open to 
question. In 1250 pleas of disseisin of tenements within the City of 
London were withdrawn from the cognisance of the Justices of the 
Jews, and assigned for trial ' coram civibus,' i.e. in the Mayor's Court. 
Subsequently such cases appear to have been tried in the Chancery ; 
but in 1271 they were definitively reassigned to the Exchequer. 
These notes of practice suffice to show that the exclusive jurisdiction 
from time to time affirmed for the Justices of the Jews was subject to 
certain important limitations. The claim is asserted in a writ of 
7 January 1257, whereby the Justices on the Lincoln Eyre are pro- 
hibited from trying Jewish causes ' quia Ptex non vult quod Judei sui 
placitent vel implacitentur alibi quam coram Justiciariis Eegis ad 
custodiam Judeorum assignatis,' but from a writ of 14 February 12G3 
it appears that two Jews indicted before the Justices in Eyre in Sussex 
for receiving stolen goods, and outlawed for absconding, had then 
submitted to their jurisdiction. Exclusive jurisdiction is reaffirmed 
for the Justices of the Jews in the most ample terms on the accession 
of Edward I., but nevertheless in 1276 the London Jewry purchased 
exemption from the jurisdiction of the Justices in Eyre by a fine of 

1 Matt. Paris, Chron. Maj. (Rolls Ser.) vi. 360-1; Ann. Monast. (Rolls Ser.) iii. GG. 



INTRODUCTION Xxiii 

50/., and in the great coin-clipping case of 1279 the Jews were tried 
with the other offenders before a special commission, ' ad placita 
transgressionis monete audienda,' which included no Justice of the 
Jews. 

Moreover, the Justices of the Jews were at all times subordinate 
to the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer, who corrected their 
' excesses,' and with whom in cases of exceptional difficulty they were 
accustomed to confer. An instance in point is the case of Charlecote v. 
Licorice, Easter Term, 37 Hen. III., infra. In short, the Exchequer 
of the Jews, though it had its own seal and separate staff of officers, 
was not so much a separate Court as a branch of the Great Ex- 
chequer, invested with a jurisdiction never very precisely defined, 
and which never became, though it gradually tended to become, 
exclusive of that of the King's Court. 

Its procedure did not differ materially from that of the Great 
Exchequer, except so far as it was modified by the Assisa Judaismi, of 
which the most important feature was the right of a Jew to trial by a 
panel ' de medietate ' when impleaded by a Christian upon a cause of 
action arising within the Jewry. 

The wealth of the Jews, their monopoly, only temporarily invaded 
by the Cahorsins of the moneylending business, and the frequency with 
which they were talliaged or otherwise mulcted by the Crown, provided 
the Court with abundance of occupation, and political causes gave it, 
as we shall see, during great part of the reign of Henry III. an 
altogether exceptional importance. During the reign of John, the 
Justices of the Jews were William de Warenne, of Wormgay, in 
Norfolk, Geoffrey de Norwich, and Thomas de Neville. William de 
Albini was also appointed, but held office only for a short period. 
Warenne and Albini were both great barons. The other two men 
are hardly to be identified. 1 

Under the tutelage of these worthies the Jews fared at first some- 
what better than in the preceding reign ; for John had far too shrewd 
an eye to his own interest to permit his chattels to suffer by any but 
himself, or to refuse them such indulgence as might be necessary to 
enable them to replenish their coffers. He was, therefore, content 
with 4,000 marks as the price of the confirmation of their privileges, 
and sternly repressed the recrudescent anti-Semitism which in 1203 
threatened a fresh sack of the London Jewry, admonishing the Mayor 

1 Eot. Lit. Claus. (Rec. Comm.) i. 34-5, Fcedera, ed. Clarke, i. 489, 570 ; Addit. 

87-8, 107 ; Rot. Chart. (Rec. Comm.) p. 61 ; Roll (Brit. Mus.) 7218, m. 9 ; Cal. Close 

De Antiq. Leg. (Camden Soc.) p. 16 ; 41 Rolls (Rolls Ser.), 1272-9, p. 265 ; Madox, 

Hen. III. m. 12 ; 47 Hen. III. m. 11 ; Rymer, i. 254. 



XxiV RECORDA IN SCACCARtO JUDEORUM 

and Barons with characteristic superciliousness that his promise of 
protection, though it were granted to a dog, ought to he held inviolate ; 
and when, after the rupture with Eome, his hand was heavy on the 
Church, another 4,000 marks was all that he at first deemed it 
expedient to exact from Israel. 1 

But when the crisis was at last come, when, discredited and almost 
desperate, he stood among his mutinous nobles and disaffected people, 
and computed his resources for the final struggle, then was the time 
to draw upon the reserve which had silently accumulated in the hands 
of his chattels, and rich was the reward which he reaped from his 
wise economy. 

On his return from Ireland in the autumn of 1210 he caused the 
entire Jewish community throughout the kingdom to he arrested and 
collected at Bristol, where on All Saints Day (1 November) it was 
rated for talliage at 66,000 marks. The sum was considerably less 
than that which Henry II. had levied in 1188, but the Jews had 
suffered much since then, and all the respite accorded them had not 
sufficed to restore them to their former opulence. 

The officers who had made the scrutiny of the Archse had appa- 
rently exaggerated the value of their contents, and the proceeds of 
the sale or redemption of the bonds did not answer to their estimate. 
The money was therefore not readily forthcoming. But the King 
would not bate a jot of his demands, though to enforce them strained 
the resources of even his tyranny. The methods used to extort the 
balance were of the most ruthless character, nor did the victims fail 
to give signal proof of the stubborn endurance which has ever been 
characteristic of their race. In some cases the King's methods were 
ultimately successful, as in the well-known instance recorded by 
Wendover, of the wealthy magnate who deferred payment until 
seven of his teeth had been wrenched from his jaw, and then paid in 
full to save the residue ; 2 but in other cases mutilation or death was 
the penalty of invincible obduracy, or perhaps of inability to disclose 
treasures which the sufferers did not possess. 

This reign of terror caused a large exodus of Jews from the 
country. One chronicle speaks of a general edict of banishment, 
but no such measure was strictly enforced. The Jewry retained a 
footing in the country, though reduced to comparative insignificance, 
for the places of William de Warenne and Geoffrey de Norwich, 

1 Eot. de Obi. et Fin. (Rec. Comm.) pp. Gervas. Cantuar. (Rolls Ser.) ii. 105 ; 

133, 402, 418; Hardy, Description of Matt. Paris, Chron. Maj. (Rolls Ser.) ii. 

Patent Rolls (Rec. Cornm.), p. 61. 528 ; Rot. Scacc. de Recept. (Jud.) 14 Job.. ; 

- Rog. de Wendover (Rolls Ser.), ii. 54; Madox, i. 223. 



INTRODUCTION XXV 

both of which became vacant about this time, were not filled up 
until the accession of Henry III., when the exiles began to 
return to the country in considerable numbers. They met on the 
whole with encouragement. The Earl of Pembroke, who acted 
as Protector during the minority of the King, assured them of the 
King's 'firm peace,' expressly exempted them from the jurisdiction of 
the ecclesiastical courts, and in towns where they were likely to meet 
with molestation caused twenty-four burgesses to be sworn in to pro- 
tect them. At the same time each male Jew was required to wear a 
badge consisting of two strips of white linen or parchment whenever 
he was seen in public, and immigrants were ordered to enrol them- 
selves forthwith in the Court of Exchequer. 1 

These measures were not without effect. The stream of Jewish 
immigration continued, increased in volume, and spread itself far and 
wide over the country. The immigrants were perhaps nowhere wel- 
come ; and it was the policy of the Crown to confine them to com- 
paratively few localities. They were thus excluded by royal mandate 
from Xewcastle-on-Tyne in 1234, from Wycombe in 1235, from South- 
ampton in 1236, from Xewbury in 1244, and in 1253, as we shall see, 
an ordinance was passed which definitively prohibited the formation 
of any new Jewry. This edict was rigorously enforced by the dispersal 
of such new settlements as the Jews from time to time ventured to 
establish (at Winchelsea, e.g., in 1273, at Bridgnorth in 1274, at 
Windsor in 1283), and the arrest and amercement of any Jew who 
changed his residence without license. The distribution of the Jewries 
will appear with tolerable completeness from the cases which follow ; 
here it is enough to observe that on the further side of the river Trent, 
a great landmark in those days, they were mainly confined to the 
counties of Nottingham and York ; but that otherwise they were to 
be found in most of the English counties. With Wales, which when 
conquered was placed under a separate jurisdiction, we are not 
concerned. 

By Magna Carta (§ 10), the right of the Crown in Jewish credits 
was expressly limited to the principal money. We may be sure that 
this article was at least no better observed than the rest of the 
Charter ; but the first talliage laid upon the Jewry by Henry III. (in 
1226) amounted to no more than 4,000 marks, and, though it was 
soon followed by one of 6,000 marks, the payment of the latter 
sum was respited until 1230. 2 So long indeed as Hubert de Burgh 

1 Ryrner, Foedera, ed. Clarke, i. 151-2 ; Comm.) i. 112, 186. 
Pryime, ii. 21, 24; Eot. Lit. Claus. (Eec. - Reeept. de Tall. Jud. 10 Hen. III., Rot. 



XXVI RECOEDA IN SCACCAEIO JUDEORUM 

remained Justiciar, the Jews were secure against inordinate exactions. 
Their history during this period is accordingly characterised by a 
wholesome dulness. Their Exchequer was administered by compara- 
tively obscure men, Eichard de Dol, Alexander de Dorset, Elias de 
Sunninges. 1 As these men owed their places to Burgh, they were 
doubtless sound lawyers and upright judges, but, though the records 
of the Court now begin, they are as yet too defective to shed much 
light upon its inner history. This must nevertheless have been a 
period of silent growth, during which the functions of the Court both 
fiscal and judicial acquired increased importance, and its practice 
assumed definite shape. 

In 1232 the Poitevin adventurer, Pierre des Pioches, who 
masqueraded as Bishop of Winchester and flattered the King's 
hopes of recovering the lost Continental dominions, gained the 
ascendency. Burgh was dismissed, and Des Roches became the real 
minister, with Stephen de Segrave as nominal Justiciar. The 
place of Treasurer of the Exchequer was given, with many other offices, 
to Des Roches's nephew or son, Pierre de Rievaulx, who chose as 
under-treasurer Robert Passelewe, a former retainer of the infamous 
Falkes de Breaute. The Exchequer of the Jews thus passed under 
the control of a rapacious junto, who neglected no means of enriching 
themselves at the expense of the suitors and their Sovereign. They 
were dismissed for various misfeasances in 1234, but not until two 
fresh talliages — one of 8,000 marks, the other of 10,000 marks — had 
been laid upon the Jewry ; and, despite the influence of the patriotic 
Primate, Edmund Rich, who for a time had the King's confidence, 
Segrave, Rievaulx, and Passelewe were soon restored to favour, 
though not to their former offices. The King dispensed with a 
Justiciar, and was satisfied with a clerk for Treasurer. 

The system of talliaging was now perfected, a few wealthy persons 
being held primarily responsible for the required amount, and em- 
powered to make the • assessment upon the community, and enforce 
their demands by distress. The magnates sometimes received 
substantial tokens of royal favour, and were also flattered by being 
associated with the Justices in the administration of the law. Thus 
in 1238, when Elias de Sunninges and his colleagues Philip Assell 
and William Le Breton went circuit under a special commission 
for the trial of coin-clipping, larceny, and cognate cases, Aaron and 

Lit. Claus. 10 Hen. III. m. 16, 19 Hen. III. Eolls (Rolls Ser.), 1272-9, p. 130. 

pars i. m. 23, 20 Hen. III. m. 11, 28 Hen. ' Appointed on 8 May, 1218. Eot. Lit. 

III. in. 1G ; Madox, i. 224, 260 ; Rymer, Pat. 2 Hen. III. m. 3 ; Prynne, ii. 21. 
tfuedera, ed. Clarke, i. 503, 634 ; Cal. Close 



INTRODUCTION XXvii 

Leo of York, David of Oxford, Benedict Crespin, Aaron Blund, Aaron, 
son of Abraham, Jacob Crespin, and Elias le Eveske were named in 
the commission as assessors. 

The policy evidently was to establish a Court faction within the 
Jewry, by which the rest of the community might be rendered entirely 
subservient to the King's will : and it was a prescient policy, for the 
King was only beginning to realise the difficulties of his position. He 
had made an unpopular marriage. Queen Eleanor drew in her train 
her uncles Boniface and Pierre de Savoie, for whom it was necessary 
to make honourable provision. They were followed by Henry's half- 
brothers, Guy, Geoffrey and Aymer de Lusignan and William de 
Valence, who were received at Court with no less distinction. England 
was not then a hospitable country, and the honours lavished on the 
newcomers excited intense disgust among the Norman nobles. The 
Barons were by no means a united party, and Henry might perhaps 
have evaded the Charter with impunity, had not his open preference 
for his foreign relations given strength and cohesion to the opposition. 
In the baronial programme of reform the extrusion of the foreign 
faction from the Court and the country was always closely associated 
with the appointment of a Justiciar and the confirmation of the 
Charter. Till these demands were granted no satisfactory solution 
of the problem of ways and means was to be looked for from the 
Barons ; and thus the King, weak, lavish, and despotic, was reduced 
to replenish his treasury by arbitrary methods, and particularly by 
the now time-honoured expedient of talliaging the Jews. 1 •X^***"""' 

In 1237 the last arrears of the assessment of 10,000 marks 
were exacted with the utmost rigour ; and the assessment was 
doubled in 1241, when a so-called Jewish Parliament — which was, in 
fact, merely a convention of notables from the several Jewries — met 
at Worcester to arrange details. In the interval we read of sore 
tribulation suffered by the community at the hands of Geoffrey the 
Templar, one of the King's most trusted advisers, and of other 
outrages at Norwich connected with the circumcision case. 

The procedure in this case has been already described, and the 
record is printed in the Appendix. There is therefore no need to 
enter minutely into its nauseous details. The record assigns that 
Odard, son of Benedict, a physician of Norwich, had been kidnapped 
and circumcised by certain Jews some four years before the indict- 

1 Rot. Lit. Pat. 17 Hen. III. m. 6, 7, Matt. Paris, Chron. Maj. (Eolls Ser.) iii. 
21 Hen. III. m. 9, 22 Hen. III. m. 2, 220, 292-6, 306, 368 ; Prynne, ii. 30-37. 
33 Hen. III. m. 4, 34 Hen. III. m. 3 ; 



XXV111 RECORDA IN SCACCARIO JUDEORUM 

ment was laid. The case is therefore, prima facie, suspicious ; but, 
on the other hand, the evidence was abundant and consistent ; the 
Justices certified, after a view, that the boy had been circumcised, and 
a subsequent view, had at the instance of the Jews at the close of the 
proceedings before the Council, did not affect the decision. It is 
evident, therefore, that we must make our option between fact and 
fabrication ; nor, on the latter hypothesis, is it easy, or perhaps possible, 
to clear either the Justices or the Council of a very serious imputation. 

Henry was now fairly launched on that course of ruinous ex- 
travagance and reckless adventure which eventually provoked the 
revolt of the Barons. His rule was despotism tempered by debt, and 
that he was so long able to postpone the day of reckoning was in 
great measure due to the enforced liberality of his Jewry. On his 
return in 1243 from his bootless campaign in Poitou, he discovered 
a mine of wealth in the Chief Eabbi, Aaron of York. Aaron had the 
misfortune- to be impleaded for forgery, and the King was thus able 
to draw from him in the course of seven years sums amounting in the 
whole to 32,000 marks. The Chief Eabbi thus escaped the gaol at the 
cost of the bulk of his princely fortune. In 1244 a singular piece of 
treasure trove added vastly to the King's resources. The corpse of a 
boy was exhumed in London, whereon were discovered certain marks 
of rough usage, and some punctures resembling Hebrew letters, which, 
with the aid of some converted Jews, were construed to signify that 
the child had been sold to the Jews. The case was plain ; London 
rang with the news of another ritual murder, the corpse was interred 
with great solemnity in St. Paul's Cathedral, and the Jews were 
talliaged in 60,000 marks payable in five years. 

This immense sum was hardly got in before the Justices of the 
Jews received a royal mandate to make a domiciliary visitation of the 
Jewries to search out the hidden treasures which they were thought to 
contain. The Justices accordingly rode forth attended by a renegade 
Jew, who acted as inquisitor, and took a malign delight in compelling 
discovery of secret hoards and doubling the talliage upon the owners. 
On the basis of this census a tax of a third was laid upon the com- 
munity in the summer of 1253. 

But the King was not content merely to extort money from the 
Jews. It was evidently his deliberate design to degrade their status 
to the uttermost. Even the Synagogue had by this time lost all 
freedom of action, so that the Masters of the Law could not even 
excommunicate a defaulter in graveyard dues without first applying 
for a royal license ; and in 1253 a royal ordinance hedged the Jewry 



INTRODUCTION xxix 

about with a series of vexatious regulations. The ordinance began 
with a threat. No Jew, it affirmed, should thenceforth remain in 
England unless he served the King in some way. It then forbade the 
erection of synagogues on sites not already dedicated to the purpose 
in the reign of John, enjoined the worshippers to recite their offices 
in a low tone so as not to offend Christian ears, and subjected them 
to the authority of the parish priest, not only in secular matters, but 
in the article of the observance of Lent. It proceeded to debar the 
Jews not only from the services of Christians, but from all friendly 
and familiar intercourse with them, closed the churches to them 
except for purposes of transit, and, having thus deprived them of all 
reasonable hope of conversion, admonished them in no way to hinder 
that salutary process. It concluded by forbidding them to change 
their residence without special royal license. 

In certain respects this ordinance did but renew and reinforce 
provisions made by the Council of Oxford in 1222, in which year a 
nameless deacon, who had apostatised for love of a Jewess, expiated 
his offence at the stake ; but the canons of an assembly of ecclesi- 
astics stood even in that age on a very different footing from a royal 
edict, and it is doubtful whether the canons in question had not been 
allowed to become almost a dead letter. Henry's edict, on the other 
hand, went far towards converting the Jewry into a Ghetto. It was 
doubtless inspired by Boniface de Savoie, now Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, who may have thought thereby to atone for his scandalous 
neglect of his spiritual duties ; but it would hardly have been pro- 
mulgated had not the capacity of the Jews to serve the King in the 
accustomed way begun to show signs of declension. The threat of 
expulsion was, however, merely ' in terrorem.' 

Henry had acted as if the Jews possessed the purse of Fortunatus, 
and the discovery of his error had caused him bitter disappointment ; 
but the Jews, though impoverished by his merciless exactions, were 
still far too valuable a property to be discarded in a fit of the spleen. 
Their condition was depicted in the darkest colours by Chief Rabbi 
Elias, when Richard, Earl of Cornwall, who acted as Regent during 
the King's absence in Gascony, laid a new talliage of 10,000 marks 
upon them in 1254. His Majesty, he passionately declared, might 
flay, might mutilate, might massacre them, but he could not compel 
them to yield that which they no longer possessed ; and he therefore 
craved for himself and his people a safe-conduct to the coast. The 
rhetoric was excellent, but Earl Richard was one of the hardest and 
keenest men of a merciless age : he saw that the Chief Rabbi pro- 






XXX RECORD A IN SCACCARIO JUDEORUM 

tested too much, he refused the safe-conduct, and he got the 10,000 
marks, or a substantial fraction of the sum, without resorting to the 
extreme measures which Elias had suggested. 

On his return from Gascony, towards the close of 1254, Henry 
began to realise that he had almost touched the limit of his financial 
resources. He was desperately in need of funds to equip the grand 
army which was to seat Prince Edmund on the throne of the Sicilies. 
The project was in the last degree distasteful to the Barons, and the 
King was therefore driven once more to have recourse to the Jews. 
Early in 1255 he summoned their chief notables to the council table 
and demanded 8,000 marks. Recent experience had evidently taught 
the magnates the futility of declamation, for they now contented 
themselves with a dry and curt ' non possumus,' to which the weak 
King found no answer. He was fain to mortgage the entire com- 
munity with all its arrears of talliage to Earl Eichard, for the trifling 
sum of 5,000 marks (24 Feb.). Earl Richard's wealth was enormous ; 
but his resources were likely to be severely strained by his intended 
canvass of the Imperial Electoral College ; and thus the would-be 
King of the Romans and Emperor of the West did not disdain to 
wring a paltry subsidy from the impoverished Jewry of England. 1 

About Michaelmas, 1255, the King on his southward progress 
from the Scottish border reached Lincoln, and tarried to investigate 
a supposed case of ritual murder, with which the city was ringing. 
He had already heard from the lips of Beatrix, the bereaved mother, 
how her boy Hugh, a child of nine years, had been missing since the 
vigil of St. Peter's Chains (31 July), and how the place where he had 
been last seen, and an unusual concourse of Jews which had been lately 
observed in the city, had raised a suspicion that he had met his fate 
at their hands. He had at once directed the inquest to be taken by 
John de Lexington, 2 then Chief Justice of the Forest on the further 
side of Trent, a man, we are told, of great sagacity and discretion. 
Search had been made, and on 29 August a body, which was identified 
with that of the missing lad, had been discovered in a well, bearing 
the stigmata and other scars indicative of death by ritual murder ; 
but as the case rested on merely circumstantial evidence, nothing 

1 Eecept. de Tall. Jud. 17, 38 Hen. III. ; Monast. (Eolls Ser ) iv. 63 ; Eymer, Foedera, 

Eot. Lit. Pat. 17 Hen. III. m. 6 ; 21 Hen. III. ed. Clarke, i. 274, 293, 315 ; Prynne, ii. 39, 

m. 6, 9, ; 34 Hen. III. m. 3, 6 ; Eot. Lit. 43. 

Claus. 21 Hen. III. m. 19 ; De Antiq. Leg. - In the contemporary authorities Lex- 

(Camden Soc.) pp. 19, 21 ; Madox, i. 224- inton, or Lessinton ; but it has seemed 

07, ii. 360 ; Norf. Antiq. Misc. i. 331 ; Matt. best to modernise the spelling. A brief life 

Paris, Chron. Maj. (Eolls Ser.) iii. 543, iv. of the judge is given in the Dictionary of 

30,88,260,377, v. 115, 441,487-8; Ann. National Biography. 



INTRODUCTION XXXI 

further had as yet been done. Upon his arrival Henry gave orders 
for a general arrest of the suspects, who made a stout resistance, com- 
pelling the officers of the law to force their houses, and defending 
themselves desperately, so that they were dragged to the court in 
chains. In the course of the subsequent investigation Lexington 
fixed upon one who was apparently a man of some consequence, and 
is said to have been a rabbi, as a possible approver. This witness, 
whose name is given as Joppin, or Copin, but was probably Joscepin, 
he therefore reserved for private examination. Joscepin was not 
tortured, nor had he reasonable cause to apprehend torture, which, 
though practised by King John, formed no part of the regular course 
of judicial procedure. His life was in no immediate danger ; he was 
not kept for any considerable time in confinement, and it is impossible 
to understand how Lexington could subject him to any pressure which 
might not have been resisted by a man of ordinary firmness. Never- 
theless, relying on Lexington's proffered interest to secure his immunity 
if he disclosed the facts, he made a deposition incriminating himself and 
a multitude of other Jews in the ritual murder of the boy. The deposi- 
tion was taken as conclusive of the informer's own guilt, and the im- 
munity suggested by Lexington was denied him by the King. The 
wretch was therefore executed on the spot. The associates whom he 
had incriminated, to the number of ninety-two, were indicted and sent 
to London for trial. Eighteen of them, regarding conviction as a fore- 
gone conclusion, unless they were allowed a mixed jury, refused to 
put themselves upon the country. This was construed as a confession 
of guilt, and on their arrival in London they were summarily sentenced 
and executed (22-3 November). The trial of the rest was fixed for 
the following Hilary Term, a jury of twenty-four knights and as many 
burgesses being summoned from Lincoln for the purpose. Two of the 
prisoners were pardoned before the case came on. The rest, all save 
one, were convicted and sentenced, but the Dominican Order, at the 
cost of much obloquy, was instant in the cause of mercy, and the 
powerful intercession of Earl Eichard at length (Easter Term) pro- 
cured the release of all the prisoners. The earl's intervention was 
alleged at the time to have been bought by the Jewry, and unfortu- 
nately we cannot discredit the story. 

The record of this case is not forthcoming ; but the circumstantial 
account furnished by the Annalist of Burton-on-Trent is borne out in 
all material particulars by Matthew Paris. The concealment of the 
corpse in the well is certainly not a probable circumstance, nor* is 
the narrative free from miraculous incident ; but the explanation 

b 



XXXll RECOEDA IN SCACCAEIO JUDEOEUM 

given by the Jews of their unusual strength in the city — a great 
wedding — is recorded, and the writer's apparent accuracy and general 
sobriety of tone suggest that he was both well informed and con- 
scientious. In this case, therefore, as in the Norwich circumcision 
case, we are confronted by a very ugly alternative. Either Joscepin 
spoke the truth, or the charge to which he deposed was a fabrication. 
No refuge can be found in a mythical theory. The wounds on the 
boy's body might conceivably, if the death were accidental, have 
been inflicted post mortem by other than Jewish hands, but it would 
be irrational to suppose that there were no such wounds. Moreover, 
the myth would be wanting in the reproductive power characteristic 
of myths. Little Hugh's remains were interred with a martyr's rites 
in Lincoln Minster ; his shrine became famous, his story a theme for 
ballads. On the mythical hypothesis such celebrity ought to have 
been a prolific source of similar charges, whereas the subsequent 
history of the English Jewry furnishes only two such cases, in one of 
which the accused were acquitted, and in the other convicted. This 
circumstance also tells against the hypothesis of fabrication, unless 
indeed we are to assume that the Crown possessed and jealously 
guarded a monopoly of the manufacture, for otherwise success might 
have been expected to stimulate production. On the other hand it is 
perhaps hardly possible for any but a Jew to appreciate the full weight 
of the presumption which the character of the Rabbinical Law and 
the conservative instincts of the Jewish people combine to raise against 
the hypothesis of ritual murder, even though the practice be supposed 
to have been confined to a small and obscure sect of fanatical zealots. 1 
We must therefore be content to suspend judgment on this 
singular case until some document shall leap to light which may 
enable us to pronounce decisively as to its merits. We are in no 
better position in regard to another cause celebre, which must have 
painfully agitated the London Jewry in 1257, the trial of Chief Rabbi 
Elias for a trespass against the King and Earl Richard. The trial 
took place in the Exchequer of the Jews before Sir Philip Basset, who 
had but just been appointed, Sir Philip Lovel, the Treasurer, Sir 
Henry de Bath, and Sir Simon Passelewe. Lovel, originally a 
clerk in the Exchequer, had been appointed Treasurer in 1252. He 

1 Ann. Monast. (Rolls Ser.) i. 340 ; Matt. are printed in the Appendix to Mr. Joseph 

Paris, Chron.Maj. (Rolls Ser.)v. 516-19, 546; Jacobs's ingenious dissertation, 'Little St. 

De Antiq. Leg. (Camden Soc.) p. 23 ; Royal Hugh of Lincoln,' in the Transactions of 

and Historical Letters, ed. Shirley (Rolls the Jewish Historical Society of England, 

Sti.i. ii. 110; Rymer.. Fo-dera, ed. Clarke, 1893-4. For subsequent cases, see Cal. 

i. 335, 344; Excerpt, e Rot. Fin. (Rec. Close Rolls, Ed. I. 1272-9, p. 273, and Bart. 

Comm.'l ii. 240. 255. A few other records de Cotton (Rolls Ser.), p. 159. 



INTRODUCTION xxxiii 

was an able man, and though convicted of forgery and removed 
from office, had found the means to procure his restoration to favour 
and place. 1 Bath and Passelewe were both, like Lovel, thoroughly 
unscrupulous men, and Basset, the Falkland of the age, as he has 
well been termed, 2 must have felt singularly out of his element in 
such a tribunal. The record of the proceedings is again lost, nor does 
the precise nature of the charge appear from other sources. We 
know only that the Chief Babbi was deprived of his office, and that 
his brothers Cresse and Hagin procured by a fine of three marks of 
gold a patent confirming the deprivation in perpetuity, and throwing the 
office open to free election. The choice of the people fell upon Hagin. 
Elias is said to have been soon afterwards baptized, 3 but if so, his 
conversion was as superficial as it was sudden, for he not only throve 
as a money-lender but actually held office in the Synagogue as Master 
of the Law, and at his death his by no means inconsiderable estate was 
administered in the Exchequer of the Jews. (See the Becords of 
Trinity Term, 3 Ed. I., and Trinity Term, 12 Ed. L, infra.) His suc- 
cessful rival became involved in financial transactions which led to his 
committal to gaol and the confiscation of his estate in the third year 
of Edward I. (ib. Easter Term, 8 Ed. I. infra). 

In 1258 Henry's embarrassments had so far increased that he 
found himself confronted by an opposition which left him no resource 
but capitulation. A Committee of Government was established, com- 
posed in equal proportion of King's men and constitutionalists, who 
elected a Council of State without whose advice the King was to do 
nothing. The Justiciar's place was revived and given to Hugh Bigod 
as representative of the Barons, with whom Basset was afterwards 
associated on the part of the King. Lovel, Bath, and Passelewe were 
removed, and the reform of the Exchequer was projected. In the 
meantime two Justices, Adam de Greinvill and Thomas Sperun, 
sufficed for the work of the Jewish department. The new system 
soon proved unworkable. The Barons were divided among themselves, 
the King chafed under their tutelage, and at Whitsuntide 1261 
dismissed Bigod's successor, Hugh Le Despenser, and appointed 
Basset in his place. A slender supply which he had meanwhile suc- 
ceeded in wringing from the Jewry constituted in his desperate straits a 
substantial aid ; and for the trifling supplement of 25 marks of gold 

1 His less fortunate associate in iniquity, Charlecote v. Licorice, Easter Term, 37 Hen. 

Robert de la Ho, failed to procure his re- III., infra. 

instatement. Matt. Paris, Chron. Maj. - See Mr. Round's admirable notice of him 

(Rolls Ser.) v. 320, 345. Two others of in the Dictionary of National Biography. 
Lovel's subordinates appear in the case of 3 Prynne, i. 34, ii. 79. 

b2 



XXXIV KECOEDA IX SCACCAEIO JUDEORUM 

he had been pleased to promise his victims a five years' respite from 
extortion, to commence at Easter 1261. This, however, did not pre- 
vent him from assigning them in July 1262 to Prince Edward, by 
whom they were subdemised in discharge of a loan to Messrs. Beraud 
Brothers, one of the now numerous firms of Christian merchants, who 
understood how to reconcile the practice of usury with the precepts of 
the Canon Law. In his speech to the Council Chief Babbi Elias had 
made a caustic reference to the Papal usurers, by whom the Jews were 
now supplanted and impoverished. Edward was determined that the 
Jewry should pay dearly for that gibe. The King ratified the demise 
(11 June 1263), but in a fit of suspicion or the spleen revoked his grant 
and took the community into his own hand before the expiration of 
the lease. 

These transactions occasioned corresponding changes in the 
judicial staff, the Court being reconstituted as soon as the King re- 
covered his freedom of action, and again, on the assignment of the 
Jewry to the Prince. Edward's Justices were, first, Sir Hamo Hauteyn 
and William de Haselbech, then Adam de Winton and Bobert de 
Crepping. Winton was dismissed and Haselbech reinstated when the 
Jewry once more passed into the hand of the King ; but neither he nor 
Crepping continued long in office. Their successors were Sir Bobert de 
Fulham, John Le Moyne, and William de Orlaveston. The two latter 
soon quitted office, but Sir Bobert de Fulham retained it until 1272, 
when he and his colleagues William de Watford and William de Thur- 
laeston were removed for corruption. Fulk Peyforer and Balph de St. 
Osyth, who were in office at Henry's death (16 November 1272), were 
not continued by Edward I. Their successors, Sir Hamo Hauteyn and 
Sir Bobert de Ludham, were doubtless chosen with a view to compe- 
tence and character ; but even they failed to withstand the seductive 
influences to which they were exposed, and in 1287 were dismissed 
for corruption. Their places were taken by William de Carleton and 
Henry de Bray, who were joined, or Bray was replaced, by Peter de 
Leicester in 1290 on the eve of the events which closed the Exchequer 
of the Jews for ever. 1 

These changes in the personnel of the Court have been detailed 
because they illustrate its character. Few of the judges, by whom it 

1 Ann. Monast. (Eolls Ser.) i. 447-9, Accounts, Exch. Q.E. Bundle 249 No. 

479 ; Rot. Lit. Pat. 45 Hen. III. m. 11, 13, 10 ; Rot. Scacc. tie Plac. 53-54 Hen. III. 

47 Hen. III. m. 9 ; Rot. Lit. Claus. 44 m. 3 dorso, 4, 8, 10 dorso, 11, 13 dorso, 17 

Hen. III. m. 13, 45 Hen. III. in. 22, 4G dorso; Chron. Ed. I. and Ed. II. (Rolls 

Hen. III. m. 4 ; Q.R, Mem. 49 Hen. III. Ser.) i. 55, 58, 94 ; Rymer, Fcedera, ed. 

m. 16 ; Madox, i. 229-57, ii. 254, 320 ; Clarke, i. 362, 407 ; Prynne, ii. 48, 52 ; 

Recept. de Tall. Jud. 44 Hen. III. ; Gross (A.-.J.H.E.P.). App. A. 



INTRODUCTION xxxv 

was administered during the latter half of Henry III.'s reign, were 
long in office, and none could count on being so. In such circum- 
stances they must have been men of rare integrity if they risked or 
renounced much in the interest of pure justice. Moreover, the law 
which they had to administer was such as could not but accustom 
them to regard the Jews as beings hardly entitled to justice, but 
rather as mere pensioners upon the bounty of the Crown. For the 
burden of talliage, and the indignity of arbitrary transference from 
master to master, were not the sole, though undoubtedly they were the 
most salient, features of the degraded status of the Jewry. Except so 
far as their chartered or customary privileges extended, the Plantagenet 
regime recognised no law for the Jews but the King's will, the King's 
caprice. It is a small matter, but significant, that their court fees 
were higher than those charged to Christians. Where, e.g., a Christian 
ordinarily paid half a mark for initiating legal process, a Jew would 
pay 20s. Throughout the reigns of John and Henry III. the writs of 
seisin which they obtained at the Exchequer for the enforcement of 
their securities against defaulting debtors appear to have been of very 
little use, for they were accustomed to fortify them by letters royal, 
for which the Crown charged a commission of 10 per cent, (a bezant, 
2s., per pound) on the amount claimed (see Charlecote v. Licorice, 
Easter Term, 37 Hen. III. infra) ; and if justice was not actually sold 
to them, yet, Magna Carta notwithstanding, they were expected to 
smooth its course, and did so by handsome presents, which were 
received by the Justices ' ad opus Regis,' but did not always reach 
the King's hands. Even in the reign of Edward I. traces of corrupt 
practices are apparent. v 

By the ordinance of 1253 the Jews were, as we have seen, expressly \ 
forbidden to change their residence without special royal license. The I 
object of this rule was to prevent evasion of talliage, for which, accord- / 
ingly, they were required to give security before departure. The rule/ 
was not entirely novel, and had probably been observed for some conf 
siderable time ; nor was it ever abrogated. 1 

If a Jew were excommunicated by the Synagogue, and failed to 
make submission within forty days, the Crown evinced its solicitude 
for the due observance of the Jewish Law, and asserted its supremacy 
in matters synagogal by confiscating the offender's property. 

The same measure was meted out with true royal impartiality 

1 Mag. Rot. Pip. (Rec. Comm.) 33 Hen. Johan. (Rec. Comm.) pp. 201, 210, 216, 

I. pp. 53, 146-9 ; 1 Ric. I. pp. 43-5, 50, 236 ; Excerpt, e Rot. Fin. (Rec. Comm.) 

229 ; ib. (Pipe Roll Ser.) 6 Hen. II. p. 50, ii. 68, 171 ; Rot. Lit. Claus. 30 Hen. III. 

7 Hen. II. p. 60 ; Rot. Obi. et Fin. temp. m. 6 ; Prynne, ii. 68. 



xxx vi RECORDA IN SCACCARIO JUDEORUM 

to the convert froni Judaism to Christianity. He had wilfully sought 
his own salvation, and thereby had committed temporal suicide. 

Nor did any portion of the convert's estate survive to his wife if 
she refused to follow his example, for the Crown ' as censor morum ' 
was sedulous to vindicate the 'jus mariti.' ' Tu non pensavi ch' io 
loico fossi ' (Inf. xxvii. 123) : ' Thou reckedst not that I could logic 
chop.' So Dante's Black Cherub mocks the soul whose fate he has 
sealed by syllogistic process ; and truly had the great Florentine 
known much of the logic of the Plantagenet Crown lawyers, he might 
well have been pardoned his implicit aspersion of a noble science. 

This monstrous and anti-Christian prerogative explains the coldly 
charitable provision made by Henry III. in 1232 of a Domus Con- 
versorum, or hospice for the maintenance of Jewish converts. The 
hospice occupied a site adjoining New Street, now Chancery Lane, 
and on its eventual escheat for want of inmates was appropriated 
(1377) to the use of the Master of the Rolls. The chapel was only 
in our time pulled down to make room for the new block added to the 
Record Office. 

The harshness of the law was somewhat mitigated in the eighth 
year of Edward I. (1280), when for a term of seven years the converts 
were allowed to retain one moiety of their property, the other moiety 
being applied to the endowment of the hospice. 

On the death of a Jew his whole estate passed into the King's 
hand ; its value was liquidated by a mixed jury and the representatives 
of the deceased, and if no ground of partial or total forfeiture could 
be made out by the Crown lawyers, a third part was appropriated 
' ad opus Eegis,' the residue being suffered to devolve according to 
testamentary disposition or the custom of the Jewry. By special 
grace the King sometimes commuted his third for a fine payable by 
annual instalments, and released the entire estate on security given 
for their due payment. Such was the general course of administra- 
tion not only under John and Henry III., but under Edward I. The 
confiscation was not a posthumous penalty for the practice of usury, 
for the Canon Law had no more application to Jews dead than to 
Jews living, and we have seen that in 1218 the Jewry was expressly 
exempted from the jurisdiction of the ecclesiastical courts. The relief 
was levied on all Jewish successions alike, and has its true counter- 
part in the Droit d' Aubaine, or prerogative of sequestering alien estates, 
which occupies so prominent a place in the history of French law. 
If the deceased left infant children, the King, of course, had their 
wardship, and the consequent prerogative of taking toll of their 



INTRODUCTION XXXV] i 

marriages, whether they were male or female. Equally of course the 
release of the wardship was rarely granted except for a substantial 
fine. In this respect the Jews did not differ from tenants in chief ; 
but it is evident that in a large sense their status was one of perpetual 
wardship. The King through his Justices gave them his tutelage, and 
there was no ultimate limit but his will to the number and nature of 
the restrictions and exactions which he might impose upon them. 1 

Talliages, reliefs, fines, forfeitures, escheats, notwithstanding, some 
portion, at any rate, of the Jewish community continued to thrive. 
They had introduced the practice of securing their loans by rent- 
charges upon feudal hereditaments, and one of the grievances com- 
plained of by the Barons at Oxford in 1258 was that by collusion 
with powerful personages — a veiled reflection on the King — they con- 
trived to defer indefinitely the redemption of these securities, thus 
compassing by sharp practice what we now call foreclosure. Hence an 
attack on the London Jewry preluded the Civil War, and during its 
progress the Jews suffered severely at the hands of the insurgents 
not only in London (1264), but at Worcester (1263), at Northampton 
and Canterbury (1264), and at Lincoln and throughout the Isle of 
Ely (1266). The Jewries were sacked, the Archae were seized, and 
after the battle of Lewes their contents were impounded by order 
of Simon de Montfort, who proclaimed novae tabulae between Christian 
and Jew. The Jews therefore hailed the restoration of peace with 
unmixed satisfaction, and even began to cherish fantastic hopes of a 
better future. The war had wrought great havoc among the nobles, 
and not a few of their estates had passed or were passing into Jewish 
hands. The new men were quick to see and seize their advantage. 
They began to assume baronial state, claiming for themselves ward- 
ships, escheats, and even advowsons. This bold push for social and 
political emancipation united against them the full force of caste 
prejudice and religious antipathy; nor were these the sole sources of 
the bitter opposition which the Jews now encountered. 2 

Acquiescence would have involved a grave political peril ; for every 
fee acquired by the Jews passed potentially into the hand of the King. 
Anti-Semitism thus combined with constitutionalism in a movement 
which, headed by Prince Edward and the Chancellor, Walter de Merton, 
gathered irresistible force, and resulted in most drastic measures. 
An ordinance of 1269 invalidated all rentcharges held by Jews upon 

1 Rymer, Fcedera, ed. Clarke, i. 151, 201, 2 Prynne ii. 102 ; Ann. Monast. (Rolls 

274; Excerpt, e Eot. Fin. (Rec Comm.) Ser.) i. 442, 451, ii. 101, 3G3, 371, iii. 

i. 297, ii. 14, 47, 60, 84, 87, 148, 238; 230, iv. 448; Rymer, Fcedera ed. Clarke, 

Madox, i. 227 ; Tovey, pp. 210-220. i. 441. 



XXXV111 RECORDA IN SCACCARIO JUDEORUM 

feudal hereditaments and provided for the cancellation and delivery 
to the debtors of the chirographs in which they were embodied, except 
such as had already been assigned to Christians ; nor was any Jew 
thenceforth to assign any debt due to him by a Christian without special 
royal license, or the assignment to carry anything more than the bare 
principal. This measure was followed in 1271 by an enactment by 
which the Jews were disseised of all that they possessed in the way of 
feudal hereditaments, and expressly incapacitated from acquiring feudal 
seisin in the future. 1 After this it is not surprising that a talliage of 
G,000 marks, by which the Jewry was to furnish Prince Edward with 
ways and means for the Crusade, fell short by 2,000 marks. The 
deficit was made good by the King of the Romans upon the security of a 
year's lease of the community, commencing at Michaelmas 1271. The 
King of the Romans did not, however, live to realise his security, and 
on his death (2 April 1272) the King once more took the Jewry into 
his own hand and laid upon it a talliage of 5,000 marks, of which 
one-fifth was assigned to Poncius de La More, the King's purveyor, in 
part payment of his disbursements on account of the royal table.- 

On the accession of Edward I. an important alteration was made 
in the procedure of the Court ; the Jew's privilege of trial by a panel 
de medietate was invaded, a preponderance being given to the 
Christian element if otherwise unanimity was deemed impossible. 
This measure, which was but a temporary expedient, the old practice 
being soon restored and never, so far as the Plea Rolls show, again 
altered, was followed almost immediately by the Statute of Jewry 
(3 Ed. 1. 1271-5), by which interest was made irrecoverable by legal 
process, and execution for the principal debt limited to one moiety of 
the debtor's lands and chattels. By way of compensation the Jews 
were authorised to trade, to purchase house property in the cities and 
boroughs in which they resided, and to take farms for terms not 
exceeding ten years, provided they received no homage or fealty from 
Christians. The last concession was to hold good for only fifteen 
years. At the same time their servile status was expressly reaffirmed, 
a poll-tax of 3d. per annum laid upon them, and a new badge pre- 
scribed to be worn by both sexes. Usury, however, proved more easy 
to prohibit than to prevent. Interest might be veiled under expenses 

1 For the ordinances see Appendices III. - Lib. Rub. de Scacc. (Rolls Ser.) iii. 976 ; 

and IV. It will be observed that the terms Ryiner, Fcedera, ed. Clarke, i. 409, 489 ; 

of that of 1271 are very sweeping ; but the Rot. Lit. Pat. 56 Hen. III. m. 6, 57 Hen. 

Plea Rolls show that ' seisina ut de vadio,' III. m. 2, dorso ; Walsinghani, Gesta Abbat. 

i.e. for the mere purpose of levying a debt, Monast. S. Alban. (Rolls Ser.) i. 400-6 ; De 

continued to be granted to the Jews ' per Antiq. Leg. (Camden Soc.) App. 234 ; Re- 

preceptum Regis.' cept. de Tall. Jud. 56 Hen. III. 



INTRODUCTION XXX ix 

of recovery, or a contract for the periodical delivery of so much mer- 
chandise with a pecuniary penalty for every default, and the bond 
being now enrolled in court instead of being registered, the debtor's 
plight might easily be made worse than before. 1 

But if the statute failed to afford adequate protection to the debtor, 
it went far to deprive the Jew of all lawful means of subsistence. It 
was idle to expect him to take to agriculture. Fifteen years would 
not suffice to change the character of a people. It was almost a 
mockery to invite him to trade, for the mart was all but closed to him 
by the gild merchant. Moreover the gild system was now being 
applied to the crafts, so that the most he could hope for was to hold 
his own in such crafts as were open to him. 

It might therefore have been anticipated that the prohibition of 
usury, so far as it might be effective, would compel the Jews to 
resort in increasing numbers to other illicit occupations, and especially 
to those operations on the currency in which they were already sus- 
pected to be largely engaged. 

Such, at any rate, was the result. The prohibition of usury was 
followed by a progressive and ruinous mutilation of the coin of the 
realm, which soon rendered strong measures imperatively necessary. 
A general arrest of persons suspected of being engaged in the ne- 
farious business was accordingly ordered. 

The whole Jewry was held suspect and thrown into prison 
(18 November 1278). The subsequent proceedings resulted in the 
conviction of two hundred and ninety-three of the prisoners. Some 
Jews were also executed about the same time on a charge of ritual 
murder — the last, happily, to which we shall have occasion to advert. 
The effect of these events was, of course, greatly to inflame the 
popular anti-Semitism. Of that feeling the clergy, to their honour, 
had hitherto manifested far less than the laity. Archbishop Boni- 
face had, indeed, in 1261 laid an interdict on delinquent Jews — 
i.e. on Jews who pleaded privilege to a citation by an ecclesiastical 
court. In 1268, for an insult to the Cross by one of the zealots 

' Statutes of the Realm, i. 221. Em- Rolls made for the purpose of the present 

bedded in a fragment of a legal treatise pre- work leaves it doubtful when, or indeed 

served in the British Museum (Addit. MS. whether, it ever came into operation. As, 

32085, f. 122) is the draft of a statute de- however, the series does not reach beyond 

signed to correct these abuses by a restora- the fourteenth year of Ed. I., the Statute 

tion of the old system with certain modifica- may have been passed after that date, and 

tions, of which the most important are the the fact that a new Archa was established 

prohibition of more than three years' in London in 1287 renders it not impro- 

interest, and the limitation of four years bable that some change in the law was 

for action upon the debt. The draft then made or projected. Chron. Ed. I. and 

is undated ; and the survey of the Plea Ed. II. (Rolls Ser.) i. 90. 



xl REOORDA IN SCACCARIO JUDEORUM 

of the Oxford Jewry, that entire community had been unjustly 
compelled to make reparation by the provision of two crucifixes — one 
of silver, for use in processions, the other of marble, to be set up on a 
site selected by the University. In 1272 a London synagogue had 
been closed and given to the Friars Penitentiars. Beyond this the 
Church had not as yet ventured to go. Now, however, the clergy 
adopted a distinctly persecuting policy. The Dominicans sought and 
obtained the aid of the law to coerce the Jews into attendance and 
enforce their orderly behaviour at services specially designed for their 
conversion (2 Jan. 1280) ; and in 1282 Archbishop Peckham secured 
the closure of all the London synagogues save one. These methods 
of persuasion proved as ineffectual as they were iniquitous, and in 
1286 Pope Honorius IV. was fain to stimulate the flagging zeal of 
the clergy by a hortatory bull. 

Little now remains to tell ; and that little is very sorrowful. The 
suspicion of coin-clipping and the secret practice of usury clove to the 
Jewry like a Nessus shirt. On 2 May 1287 it was again arrested 
en masse, and, though no convictions appear to have resulted, was 
amerced in 12,000?. — an enormous ransom to be levied upon a 
community which only a few years later did not number 18,000 
souls. In 1288 Edward gave warning of what was to come by 
expelling the Jews from Gascony. In the summer of 1290 he issued 
a decree consigning the Jewry of England to perpetual banishment. 
Parliament was then sitting, and the approval of the burgesses was 
evinced by the alacrity and liberality with which they voted supply. 
To their fifteenth the clergy added a tenth, and the pitiless tone in 
which the chroniclers record these events affords a further evidence 
of the general sense of the nation. 1 

The grounds upon which the King proceeded appear from the 
following writ, commonly but erroneously termed the ' Statutum de 
Judeis exiundis [sic] Ptegnum Anglie : ' — 

Edwardus, etc. Thesaurario et Baronibus de Scaccario salutem. Cum 
dudum in Parliaruento nostro apud "Westrnonasterium in quindena S. 
Michaelis anno regni nostri tercio, ad honorem Dei et populi regni nostri 
utilitatem, ordinaverimus et statuerimus quod nullus Judeus ejusdem regni 
extunc aliquid sub usura Christiano alicui mutuaret super terris, redditibus 
seu rebus aliis, set per negotiationes et labores suos ducerent vitam suam ; 

1 Cal. Close Rolls, Ed. I., 1272-9, pp. 220-1 ; Wilkins, Concilia, i. 751 ; Collec- 

51G et seep; Chron.Ed. I. and Ed. II. (Rolls tanea, 2nd ser. (Oxford Hist. Soc), p. 286 ; 

Ser.) i. 88; Capgrave (Rolls Ser.), p. 164; Regist. Epist. F. Joh. Peckham (Rolls Ser.), 

Joh. de Oxenedes (Rolls Ser.), pp. 252-3 ; ii. 407 ; Raynald. Ann. Eccl. (1749) iv. 10; 

Bart, de Cotton (Rolls Ser.), pp. 157-9 ; Flo- Rymer, Fcedera, ed. Clarke, i. 576 ; Tovey, 

rent. Wigorn. (Eng. Hist. Soc.) ii. 210, pp. 200-18, 230-44. 



INTRODUCTION xli 

ao iidem Judei, postmodum maliciose inter se deliberantes, usure genus 
indeterius quod curialitatem 1 nuncuparunt inmutantes, populuni nostrum 
predictum sub colore hujusmodi circumquaque depresserint, errore ultimo 
priorem dupplicante ; per quod Nos ob scelera sua et honorem Crucifixi Judeos 
illos tamquam perfidos exire fecimus regnum nostrum : Nos priori opcioni 
nostre fieri nolentes inconformes, set potius earn imitantes, penas omni- 
modas, et usuras, et quodlibet genus earundem que actionibus racione 
Judaismi a Cbristianis aliquibus regni nostri exigi poterint de temporibus 
quibuscumque, totaliter dissipamus et anullamus. Nolentes quod aliquid 
a Christianis preclictis racione debitorum predictorum modo aliquo exigatur 
preterquam debita principalia tantum que a Judeis predictis receperunt ; 
quorum quidem debitorum quantitatem volumus quod Cbristiani predicti 
per sacramentum trium proborum et legalium bominum, per quos rei Veritas 
melius sciri poterit, verificent coram vobis, et eas extunc Nobis solvant 
terminis competentibus eis per vos statuendis. Ei ideo vobis mandamus 
quod gratiam nostram predictam sic pie factam in Scaccario predicto legi, 
et in rotulis ejusdem Scaccarii irrotulari, et firmiter teneri faciatis, juxta 
for mam superius annotatam. Teste Me ipso apud Kyngesclipstonam, v. die 
Novembris anno regni nostri xviij mo . 2 

Edward, etc. To the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer greeting. 
Whereas in our Parliament holden at Westminster on the quindene of St. 
Michael in the third year of our reign, We, moved by solicitude for the 
honour of God and the wellbeing of the people of our realm, did ordain and 
decree that no Jew should thenceforth lend to any Christian at usury upon 
security of lands, rents, or aught else, but that they should live by their own 
commerce and labour ; and whereas the said Jews did thereafter wickedly 
conspire and contrive a new species of usury more pernicious than the old, 
which contrivance they have termed curialitas, and have made use of the 
specious device to the abasement of our said people on every side, thereby 
making their last offence twice as heinous as the first ; for which cause We, 
in requital of their crimes and for the honour of the Crucified, have banished 
them our realm as traitors : Now We, being minded in nowise to swerve 
from our former intent, but rather to follow it, do hereby make totally null 
and void all penalties and usuries, and whatsoever else in those kinds may 
be claimed on account of the Jewry by actions at what time soever arising 
against any subjects of our realm. Being minded that nothing may in any 
wise be claimed from the said Christians on account of the said debts except 
only the principal sums which they have received from the said Jews ; of 
which debts We decree that the said Christians do verify the amount before 
you by the oath of three true and lawful men, by whom the truth of the 
matter may the better be known, and thereafter pay the amount to Us at 
such convenient times as may be determined by you. And to that intent 

1 See Glossary. tion of Close Roll 112, m 1, Memoranda 

2 First edited in Law Mag. and Eev. Eoll, Q.E. 65 m. 4, and Addit. MS. 32085, 
Aug. 1896, by Mr. G. I. Turner, after colla- f. 122. 



xlii EECORDA IN SCACCAKIO JUDEORUM 

We command you that you cause this our grace so benevolently granted to 
be read, and to be enrolled in the said Exchequer, and strictly observed, 
according to the form above indicated. Witness Myself at King's Clipstone, 
5 Nov., in the 18th year of our reign. 

From the wording of this self-denying ordinance it is probable that 
the expulsion of the Jews had been meditated in 1275, and that the 
fifteen years allowed by the Statute of Jewry for the acquisition of 
farms was but a term of grace. In any case the measure was no 
freak of passion, but an act of well-considered policy. It is evident 
that Edward felt as a good Catholic on the question of usury, and that 
as a statesman he did not regard people who could hardly live by any 
other means as useful members of a community which he desired to 
see prosper by agriculture, commerce, and the crafts. 

A tradition lingers among the Jews to this day that the decree 
was not carried out to the letter. But the executive in those days did 
not lack vigour, and the expulsion of a community so small, so 
separate from the rest of the population, and so well known to the 
officers of the Crown that its apprehension en masse was a matter not 
only feasible but easy and quite recently carried into effect, could have 
presented no obstacle to wholesale deportation, and though a remnant 
may have continued to lurk in the recesses of the country, it pro- 
bably owed its security to its insignificance. 

The exiles were provided with safe-conducts, and by special grace 
were permitted to take with them their corporeal chattels ; the rest of 
their property was confiscated. The exodus was to be complete by 
All Saints' Day (1 November). Jews found thereafter in the country 
were liable to capital punishment. The more wealthy of the London 
Jews took ship in the Thames on 10 October, and perished off Queen- 
borough by the treachery of the master, who by a ruse induced them 
to land on a sandbank at low tide, and deserted them at the flood. It 
is satisfactory to learn that he and his accomplices were convicted and 
hanged. 

The expatriation of a people, however small and however uncon- 
genial to the majority of the community, after a sojourn of several 
generations under the sanction of formal Acts of State, is out of 
harmony with the liberal spirit of modern England. But we cannot, 
without manifest incongruity, apply our standards to our forefathers 
of the thirteenth century, and whatever may be thought of the policy 
of the measure, it is impossible to deny that it was strictly constitu- 
tional. The Jews were, as we have seen, nothing more in law than 
the King's chattels, tenants at the royal will of all that they possessed ; 



INTRODUCTION xliii 

and the Charters under which they had lived, and for a time thriven, 
were merely concessions made rather in his interest than theirs, and 
revocable at any moment at his own entirely unfettered discretion. 
The causes which made the Jews unpopular were economic rather than 
religious, for Judaism is no heresy, and the propagation of the Faith, 
as distinct from the suppression of heresy, by force was then, as now, 
against the law of the Church ; so that had the Jews been able to find 
an honourable place within the economic system, there is no reason 
to suppose that they would ever have lost it. Feudal society could 
not be expected to transform itself in their interest, and as they could 
not disarm its hostility, their continued presence in the country could 
but have served to perpetuate a social sore. 1 

The exiles owed to Edward's stern decree their deliverance from a 
yoke of circumstance hardly less oppressive than the tyranny of the 
Pharaohs. Other way of deliverance there was none. Centuries 
must pass and the feudal give place to the industrial order before 
Israel could hope to find in England a secure refuge from persecution 
and an abiding heritage. 

1 Matt. Westm. (Rolls Ser.) iii. 70; Lib. Hemingburgh (Eng. Hist. Soc), ii. 20-22 ; 
Rub. Scacc. (Rolls Ser.) p. .1066 ; Bart. Coke, Second Inst., ed 1642, p. 508. 
de Cotton (Rolls Ser.), p. 178 ; Walter de 



xliv EECORDA IN SCACCARIO JUDEOEUM 



APPENDICES. 



I. 



The following piece justificative is from Plac. Cur. Reg. 18 Hen. III. 
m. 21. The record is much frayed at the edges, but the lacunar have 
been supplied with tolerable certainty from the abridgment printed 
in Prynne's ' Short Demurrer,' i. 19-21. The words thus introduced 
are enclosed in brackets. Conjectural readings are indicated by the 
note of interrogation. It has not been thought necessary to translate 
the case. The heading is from the dorse. 

KECORDUM LOQUELE DE JUDEIS NORWICI QUI SUNT IN 
PRISONA APUD LONDONIAM. 

Benedictus, fisicus, appellat Jacoburu de Norwico Judeum, quod, cum 
Odardus, Alius suus, puer etatis v annorum, ivit ludendo [in via ville] 
Norwici vigilia S. Egidii quatuor annis elapsis, venit idem Jacobus, Judeus, 
et cepit eundem Odardum et eum portavit [usque] ad domum suam, et 
circumcidit eum in membro suo, et voluit ipsum facere Judeum, et eum 
retinuit per unum diem et [imam] noctem in domo sua, quousque per 
clamorem vicinorum venit ad quandam domum, et ilium invenit in manibus 
ipsius Jacobi, et sic ipsum puerum circumcisum rnonstravit officiali archi- 
diaconi et coronatoribus ipso die ; qui presentes sunt et hoc die testantur ; 
qui dicunt, quod viderunt predictum puerum circumcisum, et qui habuit 
membrum suum grossum et valde inflatum, et ita aturnatum sicut predictum 
est. Et quod hoc nequiter fecit et in felonia, et in despectu Crucifixi et 
Christianitatis et [in] pace Domini Regis, et quod ipse non potuit habere 
ipsum puerum nisi per forciam Christianorum, offert disracionare versus 
eum sicut Curia consideraverit. Et postquam circumciderant eum vocavit 
eum Jurnepin. Et puer visus est coram Justiciariis, et liquidum est quod 
circumcisus erat. 

Idem appellat de forcia et consilio Leonem, filium Margarete, Senioret, 
filium Joscei, Deudone, Joppe, filium Th . . . , Eliam, filium Yivonis, Mosse, 
filium Salomonis, Simonem Cok, filium Sarre, Sampsonem, filium Ursel, 
Benedictum, filium Avegay, Mossy, filium Abraham, Isaac Parvum, Diaia Le 
Cat ; qui omnes veniunt preter Deudone, Joppe, Benedictum, Mosse et 
Isaac et hoc totum defendunt sicut Judei versus Christianum. 



INTRODUCTION— APPENDIX I. xlv 

Postea predictus puer, qui tunc fuit etatis v annorum, et modo est etatis ix 
annorum, requisitus quomodo circumciderunt eum, dicit, quod ceperunt eum 
et adduxerunt eum usque ad domurn ipsius Jacobi, et unus illorum tenuit 
eum et cooperuit oculos suos, et quidam alius circumcidit eum quodam 
cultello ; et postea ceperunt peciam illam quam sciderant de membro suo, 
et posuerunt in quodam bacyno cum sabellone, et quesierunt earn cum 
parvis fusselletis, 1 quousque quidam Judeus, qui vocabatur Jurnepin, invenit 
earn primo. Et quia idem Jurnepin invenit earn primo, vocaverunt eum 
Jurnepin. 

Et officialis arcbidiaconi venit coram Justiciariis cum magna secta 
sacerdotum, qui omnes dixerunt in Verbo Dei quod predictus puer ita 
circumcisus fuit, sicut predictum est, et per predictos Judeos, et quod 
viderunt predictum puerum recenter circumcisum, babentem membrum 
suum grossum, et valde inflatum et sanguinolentum. 

Et coronatores de Comitatu et coronatores de Civitate Norwici, et xxxvj 
homines de villata de Norwico hoc die veniunt, et dicunt super sacramentum 
suum precise, quod predictus puer ita circumcisus fuit, sicut predictum est, 
et hoc sciunt pro certo quod, quando ita fuit circumcisus, idem puer evasit 
de manibus Judeorum, et inventus fuit sedens [juxta] ripam Norwici per 
quandam Matildem de Bernbam et filiam ejus, et que invenerunt eum 
plorantem, et ululantem, et dicentem quod erat Judeus, ita quod eadem 
Matildis cepit eundem puerum per amorem Dei, et duxit eum ad domum 
suam, et hospitata est eum tota nocte usque in crastinum ; et cum Judei hoc 
audiverunt, venerunt ad domum predicte Matildis, et voluerunt vi capere 
eum, quia dixerunt ipsum esse Judeum suum, et vocaverunt eum Jurnepin, 
audientibus predictis Matilde, et Alia sua, et pluribus aliis tunc presentibus ; 
et cum non potuerunt habere eum, venerunt postea cum magna multitudine 
Judeorum ad predictam domum, et magna vi voluerunt adducere eum secum ; 
et cum hoc audiverunt vicini, scilicet circa meridiem (?), venerunt ad domum 
illam, et bene audiverunt, quod predicti Judei vocaverunt predictum Judeum 
puerum suum, 2 et quod vocaverunt eum Jurnepin ; et quando Judei non 
potuerunt habere eum propter Christianos, prohibuerunt eidem Matildi ne 
[daret] ei carnem porcinam ad maHducandum, quia dixerunt ipsum esse 
Judeum, ita quod per vim venerunt Cbristiani, et abstulerunt puerum pre- 
dictum a manibus Judeorum. 

Et predicta Matildis, in cujus domo puer inventus fuit, venit coram 
Justiciariis, et cum ea filia ejus. Similiter jurate — 3 et hoc cognoscunt, 
dicentes quod ita invenerunt predictum puerum plorantem sicut predictum 
est, et quod per amorem Dei tenuerunt eum in domo sua, quia nescierunt 
cujus films puer ille erat, et quia viderunt eundem puerum ita infirmum 
quod estimabant eum cito mori, et quod Judei ita venerunt in crastinum 
sicut predictum est, set nescierunt cujus Alius puer ille esset nisi per 
quandam mulierem, que dixit eum esse filium Magistri Benedicti, fisici, et 
ad mandatum predictarum mulierum venit predictus Benedictus, fisicus, et 

1 See Glossary. ' predictum puerum Judeum suum.' 

2 Sic : an evident transposition. Read, 3 Supply ' sunt.' 



xlvi EECORDA IN SCACCARIO JUDEORUM 

abscondit se in camera ipsius Matildig, ut audiret quid predicti Judei locuti 
essent cum filio suo, et cum audiret quod vocaverunt eum filium suum, et 
Jurnepin, et Judeum suum, statim exivit de camera contradicens eis et 
quesivit a puero quomodo vocaretur : qui dixit propter timorem Judeorum, 
quod vocabatur Jurnepin, et percepto patre suo gavisus dixit, quod fuit 
Odardus, filius suus. Et ideo omnes Judei sunt in prisona apud Norwicum, 
preter illos qui fuerunt apud Londoniam quando hec inquisicio facta fuit. Et 
omnes juratores, requisiti qui interfuerunt ad circumcisionem illam, dicunt 
quod omnes predicti Judei fuerunt consentientes facto illo preter Mossy, 
filium Salomonis. 

[Hec] autem omnia facta fuerunt in Curia Domini Regis apud Norwicum 
coram Justiciariis, presentibus Priore Norwici, et Fratribus Predicatoribus, 
et Fratribus Minoribus et pluribus aliis tarn clericis quam laicis. 

Postea apud Cattesbill 1 venit coram Justiciariis apud Catteshill Ricardus 
de Fresingfeld, qui tunc temporis fuit Constabularius Norwici, et cognovit 
coram iisdem Justiciariis, quod, cum ipse fuit ad Casfcrum Norwici, venerunt 
Judei ad eum, et questi fuerunt, quod Christiani voluerunt auferre eis 
Judeum suum ; et boc audito ivit ipse ad querelam eorum ad domum pre- 
dicte Matildis, et invenit ibi congregacionem magnam Cbristianorum et 
Judeorum ; et predicti Judei ostenderunt ei, quod Cbristiani voluerunt 
auferre eis Judeum suum, et cum boc audivit predictus Benedictus, fisicus, 
contradixit eis dicens, quod erat Odardus, filius suus ; et unde bene dixit, 
quod vidit predictum Odardum, filium predicti Benedicti, babentem mem- 
brum suum abscisum, sanguinolentum, et grossum inflatum, et bene dixit 
quod Cbristiani ceperunt eundem Odardum, et eum abstulerunt a manibus 
eorum. 

Simon de Berstrefce et Nicbolaus Cliese, qui tunc fuerunt ballivi Norwici, 
venerunt coram Justiciariis, et cognoverunt, quod ad querelam predictorum 
Judeorum venerunt ad predictam domum ; et dixerunt, quod boc totum 
viderunt de predicto facto (?), sicut predictum est. 

[Postea] coram Domino Rege et Domino Cantuariensi et majori parte 
Episcoporum, Comitum et Baronum Anglie, quia casus iste nunquam [prius] 
accident in Curia Domini Regis, et preterea quia factum illud primo 
tangit Deum et Sanctam Ecclesiam, eo quod circumcisio et baptismum sunt 
pertinencia ad Fidem, et preterea non est ibi talis felonia, nee amissio 
membri, nee mabemium, nee plaga [mortalis], vel alia felonia laica que 
possit bominem dampnare sine mandato Sancte Ecclesie : consideratum est 
quod factum (?) istud in primo tractetur in Sancta Ecclesia, et per ordi- 
narium loci inquiratur rei Veritas, et mandetur Domino Regi ut . . . faciat 
quod facere debet. 

Postbac (?) venerunt omnes Judei in communi, et optulerunt Domino 
Regi unam marcam auri per sic quod puer videatur coram ipsis (?) Judeis, si 
circumcisus fueritvel non, et recipitur. Et visus est puer, et membrum ejus 
visum est pelle coopertum ante in capite ; 2 et in tali statu liberatur patri 

1 Or Cattesball, within the Liberty of Gage, Suffolk (Thingoe Hundred), p. xi. 
St. Edmund. The proceedings probably - These words present some difficulty, 

took place in the Abbot's Hall of Pleas. If they were intended to negative circum- 



INTRODUCTION— APPENDIX I. 



xlvii 



suo, ut eum [habeat] coram Judicibus Ecclesiasticis, et ipsi Judei remanent 
in prisona. 

The subsequent course of proceedings appears from the following 
writs, dated respectively 18 Jan. and 21 Feb. 1240 : — 

Rex Willelmo de Eboraco et sociis suis Justiciariis Itinerantibus in 
Comitatu Norwici salutem : Sciatis quod Mosse Mock et Aaron Henn, et 
quidam alii Judei nostri de Norwico, qui rettati sunt de circumcisione 
cujusdam pueri de Norwico, finem fecerunt per xx 1. ut deducantur coram 
vobis secundum Legem Judeorum, scilicet per Judeos et Christianos, et 
ideo vobis mandamus quod ita fieri faciatis, et quod non ponantur in 
defaltam in itinere vestro propter absentiam suam, quia ipsos hucusque 
retinuimus penes Nos. Teste, etc.— Rot. Lit. Claus. 24 Hen. III. m. 17. 

Rex Willelmo de Eboraco et sociis suis Justiciariis Itinerantibus in 
Comitatu Norwici salutem : Ex tenore literarum vestrarum didicimus quod 
circumventi fuimus per finem quern Judei de Norwico Nobiscum fecerunt, 
quibus imponebatur, quod circumcidisse debuissent 1 quendam puerum 
Christianum apud Norwicum, ut ipsi deducerentur coram vobis secundum 
Legem Judeorum, scilicet per Judeos et Christianos, et quod istud nego- 
tium nulla racione debito modo coram vobis terminari poterit si Judei 
Christianis adjungantur; et ideo vobis mandamus quod, non obstante fine 
predicto quern predicti Judei Nobiscum fecerunt, celerem justiciam super 
circumcisione prefata, prout melius videritis expedire, faciatis. Teste, etc. 2 — 
lb. m. 16. 



cision, the ' ante ' would be redundant ; 
and it is evident from the sequel that they 
were not so understood. ' Ante ' would 
therefore seem to be here used in the 
sense of ' short of,' unless the view is 
wrongly recorded. 

1 A common idiom when it is intended 
to insinuate a doubt. 

2 Four prisoners, probably all that were 



tried, were convicted and executed. Death 
is a heavy penalty for mayhem ; but it 
must be borne in mind that the deed was 
believed to have been done in despectu 
Crucifixi et Christianitatis, i.e. as pre- 
liminary to a ritual murder. Rog. de 
Wendover (Eolls Ser.), iii. 101 ; Matt. Paris, 
Chron. Maj. (Eolls Ser.) iv. 30. 



xlviii KECORDA IN SCAOCARIO JUDEORUM 



II. 

MANDATUM REGIS JUSTICIARIES AD CUSTODIAM JUDEORUM 
ASSIGNATIS DE QUIBUSDAM STATUTIS PER JUDEOS IN 
ANGLIA FIRMITER OBSERVANDIS. ANNO REGNI REGIS 
HENRICI TRICESIMO SEPTIMO. 

Rex providit et statuit, etc. :— Quod nullus Judeus maneat in Anglia 
nisi servicium Regis faciat ; et quani cito aliquis Judeus natus fuerit, sive 
sit masculus sive femina, serviat Nobis in aliquo. Et quod nulle scole 
Judeorum 1 sint in Anglia nisi in locis illis inquibus hujusinodi scole fuerunt 
tempore Domini Johannis Regis, patris Regis. Et quod universi Judei in 
synagogis suis celebrent submissa voce secundum ritum eorum, ita quod 
Christiani hoc non audiant. Et quod quilibet Judeus respondeat rectori 
ecclesie, in cujus parochia manent, 2 de omnibus parochialibus ad domum 
ipsius Judei spectantibus. Et quod nulla nutrix Christiana de cetero lactet 
aut nutriat puerum alicujus Judei, nee aliquis Christianus vel Christiana 
serviat alicui Judeo vel Judee, nee cum ipsis comedat, vel in domo sua 
commoretur. Et quod nullus Judeus vel Judea comedat aut emat carnes in 
Quadragesima. Et quod nullus Judeus detrahat Fidei Christiane, vel publice 
disputet de eadem. Et quod nullus Judeus habeat secretam familiaritatem 
cum aliqua Christiana, nee aliquis Christianus cum Judea. Et quod quilibet 
Judeus ferat in pectore suo manifestam tabulam. Et quod nullus Judeus 
ingrediatur aliquam ecclesiam vel aliquam capellam nisi transeundo, nee in 
eis moretur in vituperium Christi. Et quod nullus Judeus impediat aliquo 
modo alium Judeuni volentem ad Fidem Christi convertere. Et quod nullus 
Judeus receptetur in aliqua villa sine speciali licentia Regis, nisi in villis 
illis in quibus Judei manere consueverunt. 

Et mandatum est Justiciariis ad custodiam Judeorum assignatis, quod sic 
fieri, et sub ineursione bonorum predictorum Judeorum firmiter teneri 
faciant. Teste Rege apud Westmonasterium xxxj. die Jan. Per Regeni et 
Consilium. 3 



III. 

PROVISIONES DE JUDAISAIO LIBERATE AD SCACCARIUM PER 
DOMINUM WALTERUM DE MERTONE. ANNO REGNI REGIS 
HENRICI QUINQUAGESIMO TERTIO. 

A la feste de Seynt Hillayre del Aan du regne le Rey Henry, fiz le Rey 
Johan, cinkaunte tierz, purveu est par memes le Rey, et par le cunseyl Sire 
Edward, sun fiz eyne, et de ses autres prodes hommes, a lamendement de la 

1 See Glossary, ' Scola Judeorum.' - Sic : the construction being ad sensum. 
< Hot. Lit. Claus. 37 Hen. III. m. 18 ; Kynier, Foedera, ed. Clarke, i. 293. 



INTRODUCTION— APPENDICES U. III. xlix 



II. 

MANDATE OF THE KING TO THE JUSTICES ASSIGNED TO THE 
CUSTODY OF THE JEWS TOUCHING CEETAIN STATUTES 
RELATING TO THE JEWS IN ENGLAND WHICH ARE TO BE 
RIGOROUSLY OBSERVED. THE THIRTY-SEVENTH YEAR 
OF KING HENRY. A.D. 1253. 

The King has provided and ordained etc. : That no Jew remain in 
England unless he do the King service, and that from the hour of birth 
every Jew, whether male or female, serve Us in some way. And that there 
be no synagogues of the Jews in England save in those places in which such 
synagogues were in the time of King John, the King's father. And that in 
their synagogues the Jews, one and all, subdue their voices in performing 
their ritual offices, that Christians may not hear them. And that all Jews 
answer to the rector of the church of the parish in which they dwell touching 
all dues parochial relating to their houses. And that no Christian nurse in 
future suckle or nourish the male child of any Jew, nor any Christian man 
or woman serve any Jew or Jewess, or eat with them or tarry in their 
houses. And that no Jew or Jewess eat or buy meat in Lent. And that 
no Jew disparage the Christian Faitb, or publicly dispute concerning the 
same. And that no Jew have secret familiar intercourse with any Christian 
woman, and no Christian man with a Jewess. And that every Jew wear his 
badge conspicuously on his breast. And that no Jew enter any church or 
chapel save for purpose of transit, or linger in them in dishonour of Christ. 
And that no Jew place any hindrance in the way of another Jew desirous of 
turning to the Christian Faith. And that no Jew be received in any town 
but by special license of the King, save only in those towns in which Jews 
have been wont to dwell. 

And the Justices assigned to the custody of the Jews are commanded 
that they cause these provisions to be carried into effect, and rigorously 
observed on pain of forfeiture of the chattels of the said Jews. Witness the 
King at Westminster, on the 31st day of January. By King and Council. 

III. 

PROVISIONS OF JEWRY DELIVERED AT THE EXCHEQUER BY 
SIR WALTER DE MERTON. THE FIFTY-THIRD YEAR OF 
THE REIGN OF KING HENRY. A.D. 1269. 

At the feast of St. Hilary in the fifty-third year of the reign of Kino- 
Henry, son of King John, it is provided by the King himself, with the advice 
of the Lord Edward, his eldest son, and his other trusty lieges, for the better 



1 EECORDA IN SCACCARIO JUDEORUM 

tere, et relever le Crestiens des grevaunces que il unt eu par la Juerye de 
Engletere : ke totes les dettes a Gyus ke suntfeez, et ke aparmemes sunt as 
meyns des Gyus et ne sunt donez a Crestien ne vendu, issi ke avaunt ceo jur 
seent confirm e par le Key ou a roule al Escheker, seent quites a Crestiens 
ke les deyvent et a lur eyrs a tuz jurs, ensement o les arrerages ; et les 
chartres, par la ou eles serrunt trovees, des avant dites dettes de feez, seent 
renduz a Crestiens de ky les dettes sunt dues, ou a lur eyrs. Et si par 
aventure akune chartre fust mise en Huche ou trove desoremes, nullu ne 
tyene. Et ke nul Gyu de ceo jur en avant teu manere de dette de fee ne 
ne preygne, ne ne face. 

Et ensement ke nul Gyu tel fee a Crestien ne vende de cest jur en avaunt, 
sur forfeture de vie et de chatel; ne Crestien ne lacliate, sur forfeture de sun 
chatel et de sun heritage. 

Et ensement est purveu par lavant dit Eey, et par le cunseil Sire Edward 
et des avant diz prodes homines, ke nul Gyu desoremes ne puse vendre sa 
dette, si il ne eyt primes le cunge le Key. Et si Crestien lachate par le 
cunge le Rey, rien ne pusse plus aver ke le Rey ne avereyt si la dette eust en 
sa meyn ; ceo est a saver, le chatel ke est trove en chartre, saunz usure. 1 



IV. 

MANDATUM REGIS SUPER TERRIS ET FEODIS JUDEORUM IN 
ANGLIA. ANNO REGNI REGIS HENRICI QUINQUAGESIMO 
QUINTO. 

Rex dilectis et fidelibus suis Majori et Vicecomitibus suis Londonie, et 
omnibus ballivis et fidelibus suis, ad quos etc. salutem :-— Sciatis quod ad 
honorem Dei et Universalis Ecclesie, ac emendacionem et utilitacionem terre 
nostre, et relevacionem Christianorum de dampnis et gravaminibus, que sus- 
tinuerunt occasione liberorum tenementorum, que Judei regni nostri clama- 
bant habere in terris,tenementis, feodis,redditibus et aliis tenuris ; et ne Nobis, 
seu communitati regni nostri, vel ipsi regno possit de cetero prejudicium 
generari : Providimus de consilio prelatorum, magnatum et procerum, qui 
sunt de consilio nostro, ac eciam ordinavimus et statuimus pro Nobis et 
heredibus nostris, quod nullus Judeus liber um tenementum habeat in maneriis, 
terris, tenementis, feodis, redditibus vel tenuris quibuscumque per cartam, 
donum,feoffamentum, confirmacionem, seu quamcumque aliam obligacionem, 
seu quocumque alio modo : ita tamen quod domos suas quas ipsimet inhabi- 

1 Lib. Rub. de Scacc. (Rolls Ser.) p. 978. 



INTRODUCTION— APPENDIX IV. Jl 

ordering of the land and the relief of the Christians from the burdens laid 
upon them by the Jewry of England : that all debts to Jews which are fees, 
and which are at present in the hands of the Jews and are not assign^ or 
sold to Christians, provided that before this day they have been confirmed by 
the King or enrolled at the Exchequer, be quit to the Christians by whom 
they are owing, and to their heirs for ever, with their arrears ; and that 
the charters of the fee-debts aforesaid, wherever they shall be found, be 
returned to the Christians by whom the debts are owing, or to their heirs. 
And if perchance any such charter be hereafter placed or found in Chest, let 
it be held of none. And let no Jew from this day forth take or make any 
such fee-debt. 

And in like manner it is provided that no Jew from this day forth sell 
any such fee to a Christian on pain of forfeiture of life and chattels, and 
that no Christian purchase it, on pain of forfeiture of his chattels and his 
inheritance. 

And in like manner it is provided by the aforenamed King, by the advice 
of the Lord Edward and the aforenamed trusty lieges, that no Jew hereafter 
may sell his debt, unless he have first obtained license of the King. And if 
a Christian purchase it by license of the King, let him have no more thereof 
than the King would have if the debt were in his hand ; that is to say, the 
chattel that is found in the charter, without interest. 



IV. 

MANDATE OF THE KING TOUCHING LANDS AND FEES OF 
JEWS IN ENGLAND. THE FIFTY-FIFTH YEAR OF THE 
REIGN OF KING HENRY. A.D. 1271. 

The King to his dear lieges the Mayor and Sheriffs of London, and to all 
his bailiffs and lieges, to whom etc. greeting :— Know that for the honour of 
God and the Catholic Church, the better ordering and increased prosperity 
of our land, and the relief of the Christians from the losses and burdens, 
which they have sustained by reason of the freeholds which the Jews of our 
realm claimed to have in lands, tenements, fees, rents and other tenures ; 
and lest mischief should grow therefrom in future to Us, or the people of our 
realm, or the realm itself : We have provided, by the advice of the prelates, 
magnates and nobles, who are of our council, and We also have ordained and 
decreed for Ourself and our heirs, that no Jew do have a freehold in manors, 
lands, tenements, fees, rents or tenures of any kind whatsoever by charter, 
grant, feoffment, confirmation, or any other kind of obligation, or in any other 
manner : so nevertheless that they may continue to dwell in the houses in 



lii RECORDA IN SCACCAIUO JUDEOHUM 

tant in civitatibus, burgis seu aliis villis, inhabitent de cetero, et eas habcant 
sicufc habere consueverunt temporibus retroactis ; et eciam alias domos suas 
quas locandas habent, licite locare possint Judeis tantum, et noil Christianis. 
Ita tamen quod non liceat Judeis nostris Londonie plures domos quam nunc 
habent emeie, sive quocuinque alio modo perquirere, in Civitate nostra 
Londonie, per quod ecclesie parochiales ejusdem Civitatis vel rectores earun- 
dem jacturam incurrant. Poterunt tamen iidera Judei Londonie domos et 
edificia sua antiqua prius diruta et destructa reparare, et in statum pristinum 
redigere ad voluntatem suam. Providimus eciam et statuimus de eodem 
consilio nostro, quod de domibus suis predictis inhabitandis vel locandis, ut 
predictum est, nullus Judeus placitet vel placitare possit per brevia nostra 
originalia de Cancellaria, set tantum modo coram Justiciariis nostris ad cus- 
todiam Judeorum assignatis per brevia Judaismi consueta et hactenus 
usitata. De terris autem et tenuris de quibus Judei ante presens Statutum 
feoffati fuerunt, et quas nunc tenent, volumus quod hujusmodi infeodaciones 
et dona penitus adnullentur, et terre et tenementa ilia Christianis, qui sibi 
ea dimiserint, remaneant : ita tamen quod Christiani satisfaciant ipsis Judeis 
de pecunia seu catallo contento in cartis et cirographis suis sine usura, quod 
Judei pro hujusmodi dono vel infeodacione dederint Christianis : hac eciam 
adjecta condicione, ut si Christiani illi incontinenti indc satisfacere non possint, 
liceat Judeis predictis tenementa ilia aliis Christianis dimittere, donee inde 
per racionabilem extentam secundum verum valorem eorundem catalla sua 
sine usura levari possint, salvo tamen Christianis herbergagio suo : ita quod 
Judeus pecuniam seu catallum suum per manus Christianorum, et non 
Judeorum, inde recipiat, sicut predictum est. Et si contingat Judeum 
aliquem feoffamentum amodo recipere a quovis Christiano de aliquo feodo 
seu tenemento contra presens Statutum, Judeus ipse dictum tenementum 
.seu feodum penitus amittat, et in manum nostram capiatur et salvo custo- 
diatur, et Christiani illi vel eorum heredes terrain vel tenementum illud de 
manu nostra rehabeant. Ita tamen quod totam pecuniam, quam ab ipsis Judeis 
pro hujusmodi feoffamento receperint, Nobis tunc solvant ; vel si eorum facili- 
tates ad hoc non sufficiant, tunc verum valorem tenementorum vel feodorum 
illorum Nobis et heredibus nostris annuatim reddant ad Scaccarium nostrum, 
per veram et racionabilem extentam eorundem, donee de hujusmodi pecunia 
seu catallo Nobis plene fuerit satisfactum. 

De nntricibus autem parvulorum, pistoribus, braciatoribus et cocis Ju- 
deorum, quia Judei et Christiani in cultu fidei dispares sunt, providimus et 
statuimus, quod nullus Christianus vel Christiana eis ministrare presumat 
in ministeriis predictis. 

Et quia Judei quosdam redditus de terris et tenementis Christianorum 
tanquam perpetuos dudum recipere solent per manus Christianorum, qui 
eciam feoda dicebantur, volumus et statuimus quod Statutum tunc inde 
per Nos factum firmitatis robur optineat, nee ei per presens Statutum in 
aliquo derogetur. 

Et ideo vobis precipimus, firmiter injungentes, quod Provisionem, Ordina- 



INTRODUCTION— APPENDIX IV. liii 

which they dwell in cities, boroughs or other towns, and have them as they 
have been wont in time past ; and also that if they have other houses to let, 
they may lawfully let them to Jews alone, and not to Christians. So never- 
theless that it be not lawful for our Jews of London to buy, or in any other 
manner acquire, more houses in our City of London than they now have, 
whereby the parish churches of the said City or their rectors might incur 
loss. Nevertheless the said Jews of London shall have power to repair their 
ancient houses and buildings lately demolished and destroyed, and to restore 
them to their former condition at their pleasure. We have also provided and 
ordained, by the advice aforesaid, that touching the houses which they have, 
whether to dwell in or to let, as aforesaid, no Jew implead or be able to implead 
by original writs issuing from our Chancery, but only before our Justices as- 
signed to the custody of the Jews by the writs of Jewry hitherto wont to be 
used. Touching lands and tenures, however, of which Jews were enfeoffed 
before the present Statute, and which they now hold, it is our pleasure that 
such infeudations and grants be altogether annulled, and that those lands and 
tenements remain to the Christians who demised them to the Jews : so never- 
theless that the Christians discharge what is due to the Jews on account of 
the money or chattels contained in their charters and chirographs, and given 
to them by the Jews for such grant or feoffment, without interest : with this 
further condition, that if the Christians be not able forthwith to discharge the 
debt, it be lawful for the said Jews to demise the tenements to other Chris- 
tians, until their chattels be raised by reasonable extent according to the 
true value of the said tenements without interest, but so however that the 
Christians be not disseised of their dwelling-houses : so that the Jew may 
receive thence his money or chattel by the hands of Christians, and not of 
Jews, as aforesaid. And if it so happen that in time to come a Jew receive 
from a Christian feoffment of any fee or tenement against the present 
Statute, let the Jew lose the said tenement or fee altogether, and let it be 
taken into our hand and be kept safe, and let the Christians or their heirs 
have the land or tenement again from our hand. So nevertheless that they 
then pay Us the whole sum of money which they received from the Jews for 
such feoffment ; or if their means do not suffice therefor, then pay to Us 
and our heirs yearly at our Exchequer the true yearly value of those tene- 
ments or fees by true and just extent thereof made, until full discharge be 
made to Us of such money or chattel. 

Touching persons in the employ of Jews as nurses of children, bakers, 
brewers, and cooks, since Jews and Christians differ in faith, We have pro- 
vided and decreed, that no Christian man or woman presume to serve them 
in the said offices. 

And whereas Jews have long been wont to receive by the hands of 
Christians rents of lands and tenements of Christians as in perpetuity, 
which rents were also called fees, it is our pleasure and decree that the 
Statute of late made by Us touching the same have force of settled law, and 
be in no degree impaired by this present Statute. Wherefore We com- 
mand and rigorously enjoin you to cause the said Provision, Ordinance, and 



liv RECORDA IN SCACCARIO JUDEORUM 

cionem, et Statutum predictum publice per totam ballivam vestram pro- 
clamari, et firmiter teneri et observari faciatis. 

In cujus etc. 

Teste Rege apud Westmonasterium, xxv Julii. 

Eodem modo mandatum est singulis Vicecomitibus per Angliara. 1 



V. 

CEAPITLES TUCHAUNZ LA GYUERIE. 

De Gyus fausurs e tundurs de monee e de lur rescetturs Id achatent le 
argent en plates fundnz de retundure. 

De Crestiens e Gyus chaungauns ensemble bone monee pur monee 
restundu. 

De chartres e lettres patentes ou taylles fetz a aunkuns 2 a Gyus hors de 
Huche esteaunz, e de chartres retenuz par cyrographers hors de Huche utre 
dis jurs. 

De Gyus rescettaunz larcynes dras moystes de sane 3 ou ornemenz de 
Seinte Esglise. 

De Gyus usures apres le Statutz purveus, etc. 

De mesons de Gyus e rentes venduz saunz conge nostre Seignur le 
Rey, etc. 

De deliverance de Gyus pris ou detenuz par viscontes pur trespas contre 
la pees ou pur retundure, saunz comaundement nostre Seignur le Rey. 

De viscontes et autres bailiffs prenaunz amerciemenz de Gyus utre la 
summe de deus souz, etc. 

De treseur trove de suz terre en mesons de Gyus, ou ayllurs, apres la 
mort des Gyus. 

De chateus des Gyus morz conceles, de queus le Rey ne eit la terce 
par tie. 

De Gyus morz, pur ki chateus e mesons nul fin ne fit de denz Ian, etc. 

De Gyus eyaunz charnele cuple od femmes Crestiens, etc. 

De turnes a la Fey Crestiene e apres turne a Lay de Gyu. 

De Gyus utlages e rescettes en la Gyuerie, etc. 

De Gyus eiaunz Crestiens eus deservaunz cuchaunz e levaunz od Gyus. 

Ja ceo ke aprest usurer par Gyus de nostre reaume en tens de nos 
auncestres Reys de Engletere soleit estre fet e suffre, e a ceus nos auncestres 
kaunt a issue de nostre Gyuerie muntz de ceo profitz eient venuz, e Nos pur 
amur de Deu amenes, e les traces de Seinte Esglise plus devotement aerdaunz, 
eyums fetz defendre a tuz e chescuns Gyus de nostre reaume ki par teus 

1 Eot. Lit. Pat. 55 Hen, III. m. 10 dorso ; tration law applied only to transactions in 

Kymer, Fcedera, ed. Clarke, i. 489 ; cf. De which both Christians and Jews were con- 

Antiq. Leg. (Camden Soc.) App. p. 234. cerned. 

* Sic : but perhaps corrupt, as the regis- 3 See Glossary, ' Pannus sanguinolentus.' 



INTRODUCTION— APPENDIX V. lv 

Statute to be published by proclamation throughout your bailiwick, and to 
be rigorously kept and observed. 

In witness &c. 

Witness the King at Westminster, on the 25th day of July. 

The same mandate is given to all the Sheriffs throughout England. 



ARTICLES TOUCHING THE JEWRY. 

Touching Jews who falsify and clip coin, and receivers who buy from 
them silver in plates fused from the clippings. 

Touching Christians and Jews who give and receive in exchange good 
money for clipped money. 

Touching charters, letters patent or tallies, which though made in favour 
of Jews are outside the Chest, and charters kept outside the Chest by 
chirographers for more than ten days. 

Touching Jews who receive stolen cloth moist with blood or ornaments 
of Holy Church. 

Touching Jews practising usury since the Statutes made, etc. 

Touching houses of Jews and rents sold by them without license of our 
Lord the King, etc. 

Touching discharge of Jews arrested or kept in prison by sheriffs for 
trespass against the peace or for coin-clipping, without warrant of our Lord 
the King. 

Touching sheriffs and other bailiffs taking amercements from Jews above 
the sum of 2s., etc. 

Touching treasure trove underground in houses of Jews, or elsewhere, 
after the death of Jews. 

Touching chattels of Jews concealed after their death, of which the King 
has not the third part. 

Touching Jews for whose chattels and houses no fine has been made 
within a year after their death, etc. 

Touching Jews having carnal intercourse with Christian women, etc. 

Touching converts to the Christian Faith who afterwards revert to the 
Jewish Law. 

Touching Jews outlawed and received in the Jewry, etc. 

Touching Jews who have Christian servants couchant and levant with 
them. 

Whereas loans at usury by Jews of our realm were wont to be made and 
allowed in the time of our ancestors, Kings of England, and our ancestors 
had large profits thereby as issues of our Jewry, and We, led by the 
love of God and more devoutly mindful of the way of Holy Church, did 
ordain that all Jews whosoever of our realm that had viciously lived by 



I VI RECOEDA IN SGACCARIO JUDEORUM 

maners aprests visiosement eient vesquy, ke nul de eus de eel hure usures ou 
prest usurer en aukune man ere mespreyngnent haunter, mes par autres bo- 
soyngnes e marchaundises congees vivre a eus querent e lur sustenaunces eient, 
nomement cum par favour de Seinte Esglise meyndre e vivre en Crestiens 
seient suffre. Eus, nekedent, apres, par le malure espirist esvugles, ke par 
seine pensee avom estable turnaunz en mal suz colur de marchaundises e de 
boyngnes contracts e covenaunz, novelement e maueysement purpenseaunz 
funt od Crestiens par obligacions e divers estrumenz ke vers les Gyus de- 
murent, e en queus duble, treble ou quatrebbie plus mettent ke en enprest 
bayllent a Crestiens de une meysme dette ou contract, le noun de usure utre 
portaunz en peynes, de queus selement syut confusion e destruccion grant del 
puple e au dereyn deseriteson de plusurs. Nus pur ceo de teus manere Gyus 
les malices en teu manere troves e peyne issi trove ausi e usure oster 
voyllaunz, sur les douns e contracts entre Crestiens e Gyus a feres en teu 
manere ordinoums ; ceo est a saver, ke Gyus pur aprest de vint souz des 
oremes ne resceyvent par an de Crestiens en noun de purvenue for demy 
marc ou viij. souz e viij. deners, e pur karante souz un marc ou diseset souz 
e quatre deners, e de plus, plus, e de meins, meins, pur ferm de contract e 
dette. E cest aprest seit fet par escript entre les parties contreyaunz par 
meyns de aukun clerc a ceo especiaument assigne e jure, fet endente, dount 
le une partie en la quele la cire pent seit mys en la Huche de Cyrographes, e 
la meyte remeyne au Gyu, e la terce partie au Crestien, dount le tenur del 
bref erfc tel : Sacent tuz ke Jeo tel del a teu Gyu taunt a rendre a teu jur, e 
si Jeo ne face Jeo grant ke de mes biens e chateus e de les issues de mes 
terres en ki meyns ke il devyenent seient fet e leves, e a ceo Jeo oblige mei e 
mes heirs : en tesmonage de queu chose, etc. Done, etc. Le quel escrit seit 
mys en la Huche de Cyrographes de suz les clefs de treis leans cyrographers 
Crestiens e deus Gyus a ceo especiaument jures. E ceo kevient, cum dit 
est, de Gyus a resceyvre utre le espace de treis aunz del tens del avaunt dit 
contract ne dura, ne ne purra le Gyu apres les treis aunz avaunt ditz au- 
kune chose demaunde ou chalenger de Crestien, for sulement le sort del aprest 
e ceo ke vient de ceo ki en le meyn tens, ceo est par les avaunt ditz treis 
aunz ly tuchaunz, seient dues par la reyson de aprest ou contract avaunt 
conge ; nekedent eit le Gyu apres les treis aunz avaunt ditz sa dette ensem- 
blement od tut ceo ke vient de ceo del tens passe demaunder e par dreit 
recoverer au pleyn ; ceo adjuste : ke si Crestien le avaunt dit dette rendre ne 
pusse, ou par aventure ne voille, de denz les treis aunz avaunt ditz, mes unkore 
rendre purloyngne par Ian procheyn siuvaunt, dunt cure la dette, ensemble- 
ment od son amount juste la forme e condicion del premer contract par eel 
an, e ne nyent plus. E si il aveyne Gyu ou Gyuesse contre la forme e estatut 



INTRODUCTION— APPENDIX V. Ivil 

such loans should from that hour no more mischievously have recourse to 
usury or usurious loans of any kind whatever, but should by other business 
and licensed trading seek their living and have their sustenance, especially 
since by favour of Holy Church they are suffered to abide and live with 
Christians ; but they, nevertheless, did afterwards, blinded by the malice of 
their hearts, convert to an evil purpose that which We had enacted with 
sound intent, and by a new and wicked device, under colour of trading and 
good contracts and covenants, have dealings with Christians by bonds and 
divers instruments which remain in the hands of the Jews, and in which 
they stipulate for twice, thrice, or four times as much as they part with to 
Christians in one and the same transaction of debt or contract, avoiding the 
use of the term ' usury ' by means of penalties, whence only confusion, and 
the ruin of a great part of the people, and the ultimate disherison of many 
can ensue. We therefore, to the intent to oust the wicked practices of such 
Jews thus discovered, and their pains and usuries likewise discovered, do 
now, touching grants and contracts henceforth to be made between Chris- 
tians and Jews, ordain on this wise : that is to say, that in future Jews 
receive from Christians for a loan of 20s. no more than h mark, or 8s. 8d. a 
year, and for 40s. 1 mark or 17s. 4d., and for more, more, and for less, less, 
as ' purvenue ' by way of rent of contract and debt ; and that the loan be 
made by writing between the contracting parties by the hand of a clerk 
specially assigned and sworn for the purpose, and be indented, the part from 
which the seal is pendent to be placed in the Chirograph-Chest, the middle 
part to remain with the Jew, and the third part with the Christian, and the 
tenor in brief to be as follows : — Know all that I, so and so, owe such cr 
such a Jew so much, payable on such and such a day. And if I shall make 
default, I grant that the amount be made and levied from my goods and 
chattels, and from the issues of my lands, in whose hands soever they may 
be. And thereto I bind myself and my heirs. In witness whereof, &c. 
Given, &c. Which writing is to be placed in the Chirograph-Chest under the 
keys of three lawful Christian chirographers and two Jews specially sworn 
for the purpose. And that which is to be received, as aforesaid, by the Jew 
shall be only for the space of three years from the date of the said con- 
tract, nor shall the Jew after the said three years be able to demand or 
claim aught from a Christian, except only the principal debt and what arises 
from what may be due in the meantime, i.e. during the said three years 
of the debt's duration, on account of the loan or contract before authorised ; 
so nevertheless that the Jew may after the three years aforesaid demand his 
debt with all that arises therefrom in the time past, and recover it in full 
by law ; provided that if the Christian be unable, or perchance unwilling, 
to pay the said debt within the three years aforesaid, then the Jew may also 
extend the time of payment of the debt with its exact amount, according to 
the form and condition of the former contract, for the space of a year 
next following the period for which the debt runs, and no more. 1 And 

1 The clause is clumsily worded, but apparently the debt is to be enforced on the 
expiration of the fourth year at the latest. 



lviii BECORDA IN SCACCARIO .TUDEORUM 

a vaunt dit prest fere a aukun ou encontre cest nostre Estatut convenir, ke il 
seit a la volunte nostre Seignur de vie e membres, e de tuz lur biens e 
cbateus. 

Purveu est sur ceo, ke nul escrit de aprest ou de aukun contract desoremes 
seit fet entre aunkun Crestien e Gyu, for sur noun de un Crestien e un Gyu ; 
issi ke nul Gyu nule rien demaunder ou chalenger pusse de eel contract, for 
eel Gyu od ki est fet le contract e nome seit en lescrist avaunt dit, e ke eel 
Crestien ke contreit a aunkun de cele dette respoyngne for solement a eel 
Gyu ke est nome en lescrist, ou a son heir. 

Ausi desoremes conge neit nul Gyu de doner ou vendre sa dette a Crestien 
ou Gyu for de especial conge le Rey. 

Ausi nul Gyu ne bailie pecunye a nul autre Gyu en aprest de bailler a 
divers Crestiens, dunt nostre Seignur le Rey le meyns pusse estre certifie de 
lur chateus ; e si il le funt, de eel houre les biens e chateus des Gyus issi 
baillaunz seient forfet au Rey de tutentut, e lur cors nekedent a sa volunte. 

Ausi, pur ceo ke nostre Seygnur en tens passe gref dampmage ad eu kaunt 
a la terce partie des biens des Gyus mors recoverer e kaunt a tayllage sur 
eus asser ; pur ceo ausi ke Crestiens sovent unt perdu lur gages par encheison 
de aprest entre eus e Gyus privement contracts ; purveu est, ke nul Gyu ne 
Gyuesse desoremes apreste a Crestiens sus nul gage utre la summe de vint 
souz, fors en presense de un cyrographer e clerc jure e a ceo especiaument 
assigne e jure, issi ke les gages e prest avaunt dit de un clerc par vewe e 
temonage de un cyrographer destinctement e apertement seient enroule, e ke 
eel roule remeyne en la garde de un suz le seal del autre, e ke eel aprest issi sur 
gage bailie a semblable privenement, 1 e peyne cum est avaunt dit seit estendu. 

Seit ausi purveu especiaument e destinctement, ke cyrographers e clers 
jures a enrouler les gages e aprests avaunt ditz ne se rendent durs a lur 
office a eus en ceste partie enjuynt, kaunt e de kicunkes sur ceo seient requis 
a perempler ; e ke les cyrographers Crestiens al entre del escrit nyent ne 
preyngnent, mes al hors treyre meymes ces cyrographers Crestiens preyn- 
gnent treys deners ; mes les cyrographers Gyus nyent ne preyngnent ne al 
entree, e al hors treyre ; e ke les clers pur le escripture de les treis avaunt 
dit parties del escrist preyngnent deus deners. 

Ausi, pur ceo ke Gyus gages a eus privement e saunz tesmonage de 
Crestiens bailie maueysement concelee, e les aver resceu denyent, e kaunt 
Gyus sur ceo en la Cure le Rey seient enpleyde, eus de custume dekes en 
ca usee par lur pvopre serment tuz sey de lavant dite resceyte delyverent, e 
quites departent, par quei les Crestiens gref dammage e perte unt eu ; purveu 
est, ke si pleynte ou play en cest cas entre Crestiens e Gyus avyene estre 
meeue, cest a saver, de aprest fet devaunt cest Estatut, e ausi desoremes de 
meyndre summe ke de vint souz, le Gyu ne serra pas creu par son propre 

1 Sic : but the text is evidently corrupt. Perhaps we should supply ' forfet seit. 



INTRODUCTION— APPENDIX V. llX 

should it so happen that Jew or Jewess make loan or contract with any 
against the statutory form aforesaid or against this our Statute, let him oi- 
lier be at the mercy of our Lord the King touching life and limb, and all 
his or her goods and chattels. 

It is further provided, that no writing of loan or contract be in future 
made between Christian and Jew save in the names of one Christian and 
one Jew ; so that no Jew may be able to demand or claim aught upon that 
contract, except that Jew with whom the contract is made and whose name 
is in the writing aforesaid, and that the Christian who contracts with any 
for that debt answer only to that Jew whose name is in the writing, or to his 
heir. 

Also for the future no Jew is allowed to grant or sell his debt to Christian 
or Jew without special license of the King. 

Also let no Jew lend money to any other Jew to lend to Christians, unless 
it so be that our Lord the King may be certified of their chattels ; and should 
they so do, from that hour let the goods and chattels of such Jews so 
lending be wholly forfeit to the King, and their bodies none the less be at 
his mercy. 

Also, whereas our Lord has in time past had grievous loss in respect of the 
recovery of the third part of the goods of deceased Jews and the assessment 
of talliage upon them ; whereas also Christians have often lost their gages by 
reason of contracts of loan privily made between them and Jews ; it is pro- 
vided, that no Jew or Jewess for the future lend to Christians on any gage 
more than the sum of 20s., except in presence of a chirographer and a clerk 
specially assigned and sworn for the purpose, so that the gages and loan 
aforesaid may be plainly and openly enrolled by a clerk in the view and with 
the attestation of a chirographer. And let that roll remain in the keeping 
of the one under the seal of the other. And let the loan made on gage after 
such secret manner be forfeit, and the penalty have the same extent as 
aforesaid. 

Be it also specially and plainly provided, that the chirographers and 
their clerks sworn to enrol the gages and loans aforesaid do not deal 
harshly in discharge of the duties laid upon them in this regard, when and 
by whomsoever they be required to perform them ; and that the Christian 
chirographers take nothing for entering the writing, but take 3d. on its 
withdrawal ; the Jewish chirographers, however, are to take nothing either 
on the entry or the withdrawal ; and let the clerks take 2d. for penning the 
three parts aforesaid of the writing. 

Also, whereas Jews wickedly conceal and deny that they have received 
gages delivered to them privily, no Christian witness being present, and when 
they are impleaded thereof in the King's Court they, by virtue of the custom 
hitherto observed, do all purge themselves by their own oath of the said 
receipt, and depart quit, whereby the Christians have had grievous damage 
and loss ; therefore it is provided, that if there should be plaint or plea in 
process between Christians and Jews in such a case, to wit, touching a loan 
made before this Statute, and also in future touching a sum less than 20s., the 



lx RECORDA IN SCACCARIO JUDEORUM 

serment ; rues seit enquis la verite sur ceo par Crestiens e Gyus, fors si le 
Crestien pusse pruver leauinent par Crestiens e par Gyus le bail de son gage, 
kar donkes estera lern a sa pruve. 

Ansi, pur ceo ke en enquestes ke sunt fet ou ke deyvent estre fet par 
Crestiens e par Gyus sur plays e pleyntes tuchaunz dette e trespas en la 
Gyuerie dedusts, custume est dekes en ca taunz de Gyus ke de Crestiens o 
sur owel numbre resceyvre, ke a peyne acorderunt ensemble, par quei dreyture 
sovent est restardu e dampmages a parties viengnent de ceo ; purveu est, ke 
kaunt teu descord e nee entre Crestiens e Gyus mys en cele enqueste, seit 
justisee e rectefie la bosoyngne par plusurs Crestiens de leaute seit par deserte 
a crere, e au3i, si mester seit, par plusurs Gyus, solorn discrecion e ordinaunce 
des Justices, e ke len estera al dit de plusurs ou de la greyndre partie de eus. 

Estre ceo, pur ceo ke les Hucbes de Cyrograpbes par cornaundement nostre 
Seygnur le Eey lungernent unt este closes e enselees, par quey Crestiens lur 
chartres ke il acquiterent onkore aver ne purrunt, purveu est, ke cestes 
Hucbes par cyrograpbers seient translatez dekes a Londres a certeyn jur et 
lyu, e ilukes seient overes e cerches, e les dettes en ceus trovees seient 
purgees, e les chartres ke sunt aquitees seient lyveres a Crestiens, o quite- 
ment darnpnes, e les autres chartres ke en meyrnes les Huches sunt, seient 
mys en une huche par eus ou nostre seignur le Eey e son conseyl or- 
dinerunt. 

Ore est a parler de escrists obligatories ke ore rcmeyngnent vers les Gyus 
en lur gardes. 

Explicit. 1 

1 Addit. MS. 32085, ft'. 120-1. 



INTRODUCTION— APPENDIX V. lxi 

Jew shall not be believed on his own oath ; but let inquest be had of the 
truth of the matter by Christians and Jews, unless the Christian be able 
lawfully by Christians and Jews to prove the delivery of his gage, for then it 
shall rest on his proof. 

Also, whereas in inquests made or to be made by Christians and Jews of 
pleas and plaints brought touching debt and trespass laid in the Jewry, the 
custom has hitherto been to admit as jurors as well Christians as Jews and 
in equal numbers, who are hardly able to agree, whereby justice is often 
delayed and damage thence results to the parties ; it is provided, that when 
there is such discord arisen between Christians and Jews placed on the 
inquest, the matter be tried and adjudged by several lawful Christians of 
known credit, and also, if need be, by several Jews, according to the discre- 
tion and direction of the Justices. And let it rest on the verdict of 
several or the more part of them. 

And moreover, whereas the Chirograph-Chests have long been closed and 
sealed by command of our Lord the King, 1 whereby Christians cannot yet 
have their charters of which they have had acquittance, it is provided, that 
these Chests be brought by the chirographers to London on a day and to a 
place certain, and be there opened and searched, and that the debts therein 
found be cleared, and the charters which are acquit be delivered to the 
Christians quit and cancelled, and the other charters which are in the same 
Chests be placed in a chest by themselves where our Lord the King and his 
Council shall ordain. 

It now remains to speak of writings obligatory that remain with the Jews 
in their custody. 

Finis. 

1 A royal mandate for a general closure reopen the London Archa on 28 Feb. 1286. 

of the Archae until further order was issued Cal. Patent Rolls (Rolls Ser.) 1281-92, p. 

on 28 Jan. 1284 : Rot. Lit. Claus. 12 Ed. I. 227. Cf. Commun. Trin. 14 Ed. I. (T. R.) 

m. 8. Commissioners were appointed to m. 13, dorso. 



iRSi-rv 



NOTE. 

The charters of King John which precede the transcripts from the Exchequer 
Rolls are printed in Rot. Chart. (Eec. Cormn.) p. 93. 

The archives of the Exchequer of the Jews at the Record Office comprise three 
collections: (1) Rolls of the Exchequer of Receipt, Joh. — Ed. I.; (2) a hetero- 
geneous assortment of documents, indexed as Accounts, &c. (Exchequer, Q.R.) 
Bundles 249-50, including memoranda relating to the Domus Conversorum ; (3) 
Plea Rolls. The two former sources have furnished matter for the Introduction ; the 
selections which follow are taken exclusively from Plea Rolls. The records are sparse 
during the reign of Henry III., being distributed as follows : 3 & 4 Hen. III., one roll, 
printed in Documents illustrative of English History in the Thirteenth and Four- 
teenth Centuries (Rec. Comm.), 1844 ; 28-29 Hen. III., three rolls ; 37 Hen. III., 
two rolls ; 50 52 Hen. III., four rolls ; 54 Hen. III., one roll ; 56 Hen. III., one roll. 
Some of these rolls are in a very indifferent condition. The rolls of Edward I.'s 
reign, on the other hand, form a series with comparatively few breaks from the first 
to the fourteenth year inclusive, and are on the whole in excellent preservation. 
Their full tale is thirty-eight rolls, making, with the twelve rolls of Henry III.'s reign, 
fifty rolls in all. This reckoning includes three rolls which have not hitherto been 
classed as rolls of the Exchequer of the Jews, but really are so ; to wit, Curia Regis 
Roll 183 (Hil. 52 Hen. III.), De Banco Roll 40 (Easter, 9 Ed. I.), and Assize Roll 
738 (Mich. 10-11 Ed. I.). The old numbering of the rolls has, however, been 
retained in the marginal references. A moderately full roll will contain from eight 
to ten membranes, covered on both sides with an extremely abbreviated script. 
One of the gaps in the Edwardian series is supplied by the very fine Addit. Roll 
7218 (Hil. 5 Ed. I.) at the British Museum ; and a single membrane in the same 
collection, Addit. Roll 19299, contains a few pleas of Easter Term, 55 Hen. III. 

In the transcript, clerical and the grosser sort of grammatical errors have for 
the most part been silently corrected, rubrics have been sometimes curtailed, 
sometimes amplified, dates and terms of account abbreviated, figures occasionally 
substituted for words, and vice versa ; but otherwise no material alteration has 
been wittingly made in the text, except the explication of the contractions, which 
has been forborne wherever attended by reasonable doubt. Obliterata are indicated 
by dots, and suppressed terminations by raised commas. 

The Latinity of the scribes is throughout exceptionally bad, and sometimes such 
as to defy emendation. 



SCACCAEIUM JUDEOEUM 



EXCHEQUEE OF THE JEWS 



SCACCAKIUM JUDEORUM 



CAETE L1BEETATUM CONCESSAEUM ET CONFIEMATAEUM 
JUDEIS ANGLIE ANNO EEGNI EEGIS JOHANNIS 
SECUNDO. 

Johannes, Dei gratia etc. Sciatis Nos concessisse omnibus Judeis 
Anglie et Normannie libere et honorifice habere residenciam in terra 
nostra, et omnia ilia de Nobis tenenda que tenuerunt deEege Henrico, 
avo patris nostri, et omnia ilia que modo racionabiliter tenent in terris 
et feodis et vadiis et akatis suis, et quod habeant omnes libertates et 
consuetudines suas, sicut eas habuerunt tempore predicti Eegis Hen- 
rici, avi patris nostri, melius et quiecius et honorabilius. 
Rot. cart. 4, j^ s [ querela orta fuerit inter Christianum et Judeum, ille qui 

alium appellaverit ad querelam suam diracionandam habeat testes, 
scilicet, legittimum Christianum et legittimum Judeum. Et si Judeus 
de querela sua breve habuerit, breve suum erit ei testis; et si Christianus 
habuerit querelam ad versus Judeum, sit judicata per pares Judei. 

Et cum Judeus obierit, non detineatur corpus suum super terrain, 
set habeat heres suus pecuniam suam et debita sua ; ita quod inde 
non disturbetur si habuerit heredem, qui pro ipso respondeat et 
rectum faciat de debitis suis et de forisfacto suo. 

Et liceat Judeis omnia que eis apportata fuerint sine occasione 
accipere et emere, exceptis illis que de Ecclesia sunt et panno 
sanguinolento. 

Et si Judeus ab aliquo appellatus fuerit sine teste, de illo appellatu 
erit quietus solo sacramento suo super Librum suum. Et de appellatu 
illarum rerum que ad Coronam nostram pertinent similiter quietus 
erit solo sacramento suo super Eotulum suum. 

Et si inter Christianum et Judeum fuerit dissensio de accommoda- 
tione alicujus pecunie, Judeus probabit catallum suum et Christianus 
lucrum. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1201 



CHAETEBS OF LIBEETIES GEANTED AND CONFIEMED 
TO THE JEWS OF ENGLAND IN THE SECOND YEAE 
OF THE EEIGN OF KING JOHN. [a.d. 1201.] 

John, by the grace of God etc. Know that We have granted to 
all Jews of England and Normandy that they reside in freedom 
and honour in our land, and hold of Us all that they held of King 
Henry, our father's grandfather, and all that they now rightfully hold 
in lands, fees, gages and purchases, and that they have all their fran- 
chises and customs, as they had them in the time of the said King 
Henry, our father's grandfather, in better and more peaceful and 
honourable enjoyment. 

And as often as cause of action shall have arisen between Christian 
and Jew, let him who shall have appealed the other for the deraign- 
ment of his cause have witnesses, to wit, a lawful Christian and a lawful 
Jew. And if the Jew shall have a writ touching his cause, his writ 
shall be to him for witness ; and if a Christian shall have cause of 
action against a Jew, let it be tried by the Jew's peers. 

And when a Jew be dead, let not his body be detained above 
ground, but let his heir have his money and his debts ; so that 
thereof he may have peace if he have an heir to answer for him and 
to do right touching his debts and his forfeiture. 1 

And be it lawful for Jews without let to receive and buy all 
things brought to them, except those which pertain to the Church and 
blood-stained cloth. 

And if a Jew be appealed by any without witness, he shall be quit 
of that appeal by his bare oath upon his Book. And in like manner 
he shall be quit of an appeal touching those things that pertain unto 
our Crown by his bare oath upon his Eoll. 

And as often as there shall be dispute between Christian and Jew 
touching a loan of money, the Jew shall prove his principal and the 
Christian the interest. 

1 This shows that it had been the custom way of security for the discharge of the 
to attach the bodies of deceased Jews by claims of the Crown upon their estates. 

b 2 



A SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

Et liceat Judeo quiete vendere vadium suum postquam certuni 
erit euni illud unum annum integrum et unum diem tenuisse. 

Et Judei non intrabunt in placitum nisi coram Nobis, vel coram 
illis qui turres nostras custodierint, in quorum ballivis Judei manse- 
rint. 

Et ubicunque Judei fuerint, liceat eis ire quocunque voluerint cum 
omnibus catallis eorum, sicut res nostre proprie, et nulli liceat eos 
retinere neque hoc eis probibere. 

Et precipimus, quod ipsi quieti sint per totam Angliam et Nor- 
manniam de omnibus consuetudinibus et theloneis et modiatione vini, 
sicat nostrum proprium catallum. Et mandamus vobis et preci- 
pimus, quod eos custodiatis et defendatis et manuteneatis. 

Et prohibemus, ne quis contra Cartam istam de biis supradictis 
eos in placitum ponat super forisfacturam nostram, sicut Carta 
Regis Henrici, 1 patris nostri, racionabiliter testatur. Testibus : Gaufrido 
filio Petri, Comite Essexe ; Willelnio Marescallo, Comite de Penbroc ; 
Henrico de Bohum, Comite de Herefordia ; Roberto de Turnham, 
Willelmo Briwerr', etc. Data per manum Simonis, Wellensis Arclii- 
diaconi, apud Merleberge, decimo die ApriJis anno regni nostri 
secundo. 

Johannes, Dei gratia etc. Sciatis Nos concessisse et presenti Carta 
nostra confirmasse Judeis nostris in Anglia ut excessus qui inter eos 
emerserint, exceptis hiis qui ad Coronam et Justiciam nostram 
pertinent, ut de morte homiuis et mahemio, et de assaltu premeditato, 
et de fractura domus, et de raptu, et de latrocinio, et de combustione, 
et de thesauro, inter eos deducantur secundum Legem suarn et 
emendentur, et justiciam suam inter se hide faciant. Concedimus 
etiam eis quod, si quis eorum alium appellaverit de querela que ad eos 
pertineat, Nos neminem compellemus ad testimonium cuique eorum 
contra alium exhibendum ; set si appellator racionabilem et idoneum 
testem habere poterit, eum secum adducat. Siquidem vero opus 
scelerosum et apertum inter eos emerserit, quod ad Coronam vel 
Justiciam nostram pertineat, sicut de predictis Placitis Corone, licet 
nullus eorum inde appellator fuerit, Nos ipsam querelam faciemus 
per legales Judeos nostros Anglie inquiri, sicut Carta Regis Henrici, 
patris nostri, racionabiliter testatur. Testibus : Gaufrido filio Petri, 
Comite Essexe; Willelmo Marescallo, Comite de Penbroc; Henrico de 
Bohum, Comite de Herefordia; Petro de Pratellis; Roberto de Turn- 
ham ; Willelmo de Warrenn' ; Hugone de NevnT ; Roberto de Veteri 

1 The charter of Richard I., for which see Rymer, Fcedera, ed. Clarke, i. 51, is 
doubtless intentionally ignored. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1201 2 

And be it lawful for the Jew quietly to sell his gage when it shall 
be certain that he has held it for a full year and a clay. 

And Jews shall not enter into plea save before Us, or before those 
who have ward of our castles, in whose bailiwicks Jews dwell. 

And wherever Jews be, be it lawful for them to go wheresoever 
they will with all their chattels, as our proper goods, and be it unlawful 
for any to delay or forbid them. 

And We ordain, that throughout the whole of England and 
Normandy they be quit of all customs and tolls and prisage of wine, 
as our proper chattel. And We command you and ordain, that you 
have them in ward and guard and countenance. 

And We forbid any to implead them of the said matters against 
this Charter, on pain of forfeiture, as the Charter of our father, 
King Henry, rightfully witnesses. Witness : Geoffrey FitzPeter, Earl 
of Essex ; William Marshall, Earl of Pembroke ; Henry de Bohun, 
Earl of Hereford ; Robert de Turnham ; William Briwere, etc. Given 
by the hand of Simon, Archdeacon of Wells, at Marlborough, on the 
tenth day of April in the second year of our reign. 



John, by the grace of God etc. Know that We have granted and 
by our present Charter confirmed to our Jews in England that the 
breaches of right that shall occur among them, except such as 
pertain to our Crown and Justice, as touching homicide, mayhem, 
deliberate assault, housebreaking, rape, larceny, arson, and treasure 
[trove], be examined and amended among themselves according to 
their Law, that so they may administer their own justice among 
themselves. We also grant to them that, as often as any of them 
shall have appealed another touching a cause of action which pertains 
to them, We will compel none to give evidence in favour of one 
against another ; but if the appellor shall have a lawful and fit witness, 
let him bring such witness with him. But if there shall have occurred 
among them some matter of a heinous character and notorious, per- 
taining to our Crown or Justice, as one of the said Pleas of the Crown, 
though appellor thereof there be none among them, We will make 
inquest to be had touching that cause by our lawful Jews of England, 
as the Charter of our father, King Henry, rightfully witnesses. 
Witness : Geoffrey FitzPeter, Earl of Essex ; William Marshall, Earl 
of Pembroke ; Henry de Bohun, Earl of Hereford ; Peter de Preaux ; 
Robert de Turnham ; William de Warrenne ; Hugh de Neville Rober 



SCACCAHIUM JUDEORUM 



Nort 



Ponte. Data per manum Simonis, Wellensis Archidiaconi, apud 
Merleberge, decimo die Aprilis, anno regni nostri secundo. 



SCACCAEIUM JUDEORUM. 

PLACITA ANNO REGNI REGIS HENRICI FILII REGIS 
JOHANNIS QUARTO. 

Isaac de Norwico, Judeus, exigit a Gilberto, filio Walteri de Torp', 
quoddam debitum xiiij L, cum lucro, per cirographum sub nomine 
Walteri predicti. Dictus Gilbertus venit et dicit, quod injuste exigitur 
ab eo debitum illud, quia, quando omnia debita Judeoruru fuerunt in 
manu Domini Regis post capcionem Bristoll', districtus fuit pro debito 
illo ; qui venit et dixit, quod injuste distringebatur pro predicto debito, 
quia Walterus, pater suus, nunquam debitum illud mutuo accepit, et 
posuit se super inquisicionem patrie, utrum dictus Walterus, pater suus, 
debitum illud mutuavit, necne ; inquisicio venit et dixit, quod debitum 
illud a dicto Waltero non fuit mutuatum, set ab alio Waltero de Torp', 
ut dicit, et adhuc ponit se inde super inquisicionem patrie. Dictus 
Isaac venit et exigit debitum illud sicut illud quod commodavit dicto 
Waltero, patri predicti Gilberti, per cirographum. Item dicit quod 
post capcionem Judeorum Bristoll', quando debita Judeorum fuerunt 
in manu Domini Regis, dubitabant Justiciarii tunc temporis existentes 
utrum a predicto Waltero, patre predicti Gilberti, debitum illud 
debebatur, vel ab alio Waltero, unde facta est mencio : miserunt ad 
ipsum Isaac, qui tunc imprisonebatur ' apud Turrim Londonie, ut per 
ipsum scirent, utrum debitum illud debebatur a Waltero, patre 
predicti Gilberti, vel ab alio Waltero. Qui dixit quod ipse accommo- 
davit dicto Waltero, patri Gilberti, debitum illud, et quod idem 
Walterus fuit debitor illius debiti. Et dicit, quod non ponit se de hoc 
super inquisicionem de debito suo per cirographum. Dies datus est 
eis a die Pasche in unum mensem ad audiendum judicium suum. Et 
consideratum est, quod Gilbertus de Torp' respondeat Isaac de debito 
suo, nisi aliud dicat quam dixerit. Ideo, scilicet, quia ante com- 
munem capturam Judeorum, semper exegit debitum illud a Waltero, 



Sic. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1220 3 

de Vipont. Given by the hand of Simon, Archdeacon of Wells, at 
Marlborough, on the tenth day of April in the second year of our 
reign. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS. 

PLEAS IN THE FOURTH YEAR OF THE REIGN OF KING 
HENRY SON OF KING JOHN. [a.d. 1220.] 

Isaac of Norwich, Jew, demands from Gilbert, son of Walter of 
Thorpe, a debt of £14, with interest, by chirograph under the name 
of the said Walter. The said Gilbert comes and says, that the debt 
is demanded of him unlawfully, because, when all the debts due to 
the Jews were in the hand of the King after the arrest at Bristol, 1 he, 
being distrained for the debt, came and said, that he was distrained 
therefor unlawfully, because Walter, his father, never borrowed 
the money, and he then put himself upon the inquest of the country, 
whether the said Walter, his father, borrowed the money, or no ; and 
the inquest came and said, that the money was not borrowed by the said 
Walter, but by another Walter of Thorpe — so he says — and he still 
puts himself upon the inquest of the country. The said Isaac comes 
and demands the debt, which, he says, was a loan by him to the said 
Walter, father of the said Gilbert, by chirograph. He also says that 
after the arrest of the Jews at Bristol, when the debts due to them 
were in the hand of the King, the Justices for the time being were in 
doubt whether the debt was owing by the said Walter, father of the 
said Gilbert, or by the other Walter, of whom mention is made, and 
sent to him, Isaac, who was then a prisoner in the Tower of London, 
that they might know from his own mouth, whether the debt was 
owing by Walter, father of the said Gilbert, or by another Walter ; 
and he said that the debt was a loan by him to the said Walter, 
Gilbert's father, and that it was owing by the same Walter. And he 
says, that as to this he does not put himself upon an inquest touching 
his debt by chirograph. A day is given them, a month after Easter, 
to hear their judgment. And it is adjudged, that Gilbert of Thorpe 
answer Isaac of his debt, unless he say somewhat else than he has 
said. And this is so adjudged, because, before the general arrest of 
the Jews, Isaac always demanded the debt from Walter the father, 

1 See Introduction, p. xxiv. 



ib. m. 'i 
Oxon. 



4 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

patre ipsius Gilberti, et modo exigit ab ipso Gilberto, et inquisicio 
facta hide sine eo, tempore quo debitum illud fuit in manu Domini 
Begis, nichil debet ei nocere. 

Eicardus, Prior de Dunestaplia, questus est quod Mosseus, filius 
Brun, profert quandam cartam xxiiij 1., sub nomine Thome, Prioris, et 
Conventus Dunestaplie et Brun, patris ejusdem Mossei, que loquitur 
de anno proximo post mortem Begis Henrici, quam non intelligit 
legalem esse, nee intelligit quod ad earn debeat respondere, et pluribus 
de causis. In primis dicit, quod dictus Thomas, Prior, bonus et 
discretus clericus fuit, et peroptimus, nee aliquam cartam conficeret 
cum falso Latino, sicut continetur in ista. Preterea dicit, quod 
tempore ejusdem Prioris et adhuc est consuetudo quod sigillum 
Conventus includitur sub v clavibus, nee erat aliqua carta scripta nisi 
de manu alicujus canonici ejusdem domus ; et producit quendam 
canonicum, qui xl annis transactis omnes cartas ejusdem domus 
propria manu scripsit, de cujusmanu littera ilia non est. Dicit eciam, 
quod alia de causa intelligit quod falsa est, quia postquam fuit Prior, 
fecit cuidam homini suo de Berkhamstede cartam confirmacionis domus 
sue de tenemento suo signatam signo Conventus et contrasignatam 
sigillo ejusdem Prioris, quod factum fuit postquam idem Eicardus 
factus fuit Prior ; et homo ille necessitate compulsus invadiavit eidem 
Mosseo cartam illam et super tunicam pro v s., et ad terminum statutum 
solvit eidem Mosseo v s., et Judeus reddidit eidem homini supertunicam 
et retinuit cartam. Et ideo intelligit quod de carta ilia fecit dictus 
Judeus falsinam istam ; nam intelligit quod lota est, et postea deal- 
bata, ita quod in plicitis illius carte apparet albedo crete, et quod 
littera denigrata est, sicut esset de pinguidine, 1 ut littera ilia ita vetus 
appareat. Preterea dicit, quod apparet manifestissime Christianis et 
Judeis quod est falsa, et ideo quia carta dicti Thome Prioris loquitur 
de xxx annis transactis vel amplius, et iste Eicardus Prior, cujus 
sigillum invenitur contra sigillum illius carte non fuit Prior nisi xviij 
annis jam transactis. Prior ponit loco suo ad audiendum judicium 
suum WiJlelmum de Glovernia. 

Mosseus, Judeus, venit et defendit falsinam, feloniam, loturam et 
invadiationem illius carte, et omnem falsinam de verbo in verbum, 
sicut ei objicitur, prout Curia consideraverit. Eequisitus a Justiciariis 



Sic. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1220 4 

and now demands it from him, Gilbert, and ought in no wise to suffer 
by an inquest held thereon in his absence at a time when the debt 
was in the hand of the King. 

Kichard, Prior of Dunstable, complained that Moses, son of Brun, 
produces a charter for £24 under the names of Prior Thomas and the 
Convent of Dunstable and Brun, father of the said Moses, which 
charter speaks from the year next after the death of King Henry, and 
he knows that it is not legal, and that he ought not to answer thereto, 
and that for several reasons. In the first place he says, that the said 
Prior Thomas was a good and discreet and excellent clerk, and not 
the man to make a charter containing bad Latin, as this charter does. 
In the next place he says, that in the time of the same Prior Thomas 
it was, as it still is, the custom for the seal of the convent to be kept 
close under five keys, and no charter was ever written except by the 
hand of some canon of the house ; and he produces a canon, who for 
forty years past has written all the charters of the house with his own 
hand, and that charter is not in his handwriting. He adds, that he 
knows it to be false for another and the following reason. As Prior 
he made, in confirmation of the tenure of one of his tenants at 
Berkhamsted, a charter sealed with the seal of the Convent and 
countersigned with his seal as Prior, which seal was made after he, 
Kichard, was made Prior ; and that man, under stress of want, gave 
that charter and a supertunic to this same Moses in gage for 5s., and 
at the appointed time paid Moses the 5s., and the Jew returned him 
the supertunic but retained the charter. And that the said Jew 
falsified the charter, as alleged, he knows by the following tokens. For 
it is evident to him that it has been washed and — by the white chalk 
plainly visible in the folds — that it has been whitened, and that the 
writing has been blackened, by grease as it would seem, that it may 
have the appearance which it has of age. He adds that it is plainly 
manifest to Christians and Jews alike that it is a false document, 
because a charter of the said Prior Thomas speaks from thirty years 
ago or more, whereas he, Prior Richard, whose seal is found opposite 
the seal of that charter, has not been Prior for more than eighteen 
years. The Prior puts in his place for the hearing of his judgment 
William of Gloucester. 

Moses the Jew comes and defends the acquisition of the charter by 
way of gage, the washing and falsification of it, and all the fraudulent 
and felonious acts imputed to him word by word, as the Court shall 
award. Asked by the Justices how the charter came into his hands, 



SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

quomodo carta ilia ei venerit, elicit quod Brun, pater ejus, aliquando 
dives erat, et plures cartas amisit, et quando concessum fuit quod 
omnes carte concelate inrotularentur et ostenderentur, emit cartam 
illam de quodam serviente, et fecit earn inrotulari ; set de debito illo 
distringendo nunquam alias litteras perquisivit ; et dicit quod 
nescivit in eo aliquam falsinam, nee adhuc scit, set earn protulit ut 
heres. Interrogatum fuit ab eo nomen servientis et quis serviens ille 
est. Dicit quod ignorat nomen suum, nee scit ille est. 1 Interrogatus 
si dictum servientem vocavit ad warantum, dicit, quod nescit quis est 
serviens ille, nee ubi est. 

Dies datus est Priori ad audiendum judicium suum a crastino 
Apostolorum Petri et Pauli in xv dies ; et idem Mosseus missus est 
apud Turrim Londonie. 

Dies datus est Willelmo de Mandevilla, Comiti Essexe, Henrico 
Aurifabro, et Ricardo, fratri suo, de placito terre, ad audiendum judi- 
cium suum, in crastino Apostolorum Petri et Pauli. 

Dies datus est Willelmo Blundo a die S. Trinitatis in xv dies ad 
habendum coram Justiciariis Judeorum apud Westrnonasterium 
Willelmum de Mandevilla, quern vocavit ad warantum de domibus 
que fuerunt Eoberti filii Walteri in parochia S. Laurentii in Londonia. 
Idem Willelmus Blundus petit auxilium Curie ad habendum dictum 
Willelmum, quern dixit warantum suum esse, coram eisdem Justiciariis. 
Dictus Comes summonitus fuit, et venit ad diem ei datum, et 
warantizavit dicto Willelmo Blundo domos que fuerunt Boberti filii 
Walteri in parochia S. Laurentii, quas dicto Willelmo Blundo vendidit. 
Justiciarii veniunt et exigunt, quo modo et quo waranto dictus 
Willelmus, Comes, ingressus est in domos que fuerunt vadia Domini 
Regis pro iiii xx et vj m. et dim., quas Bobertus Alius Walteri debuit 
Sampsoni, Judeo, super predictas domos. Dictus Willelmus de 
Mandevilla venit et dicit, quod injuste ab eo debitum illud exigitur, et 
ideo injuste quia Gaufridus films Petri, pater ejus, implacitatus erat 
de eodem placito tempore Willelmi de Warenne et sociorum suorum ; 
ita quod Gaufridus films Petri, pater ejus, posuit se super inquisicionem 
et veredictum Civitatis Londonie ; et quod per inquisicionem et vere- 
dictum illud recessit predictus Gaufridus films Petri, pater ejus, quietus 
de predicto debito ; et quod prefatus Gaufridus films Petri, pater ejus, non 

1 Sic : supply ' quis.' 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1220 5 

he says that Brim, his father, was at one time rich, and lost several 
charters, and when license was given to enrol and make public all 
concealed charters he bought that charter from a certain servant and 
had it enrolled ; but he never procured any other writing for the 
purpose of distraint for the debt ; and he says that he knew of no 
fraud therein, and that he still knows of none, and that he produced 
it as heir. He was asked for the name of the servant, and who the 
servant is. He says that he does not know his name, nor who he is. 
Asked whether he has vouched the said servant to warranty, he says 
that he knows neither who the servant is, nor where he is. 

A day is given to the Prior to hear his judgment, the quindene 
of the morrow of the Apostles Peter and Paul ; and the said Moses is 
sent to the Tower of London. 1 

A day is given to William de Mandeville, Earl of Essex, Henry 
Goldsmith, and Richard, his brother, to hear their judgment touching 
a plea of land, the morrow of the Apostles Peter and Paul. 

A day is given to William Blund, the quindene of Holy Trinity, 
to have before the Justices of the Jews at Westminster William de 
Mandeville, whom he vouched to warranty touching the houses which 
belonged to Robert Fitz Walter, in the parish of St. Laurence in 
London. The same William Blund craves the aid of the Court to 
have the said William, whom he named as his warrantor, before 
the same Justices. The said Earl was summoned, and came on the 
day given him, and warranted the said William Blund the houses 
which belonged to Robert FitzWalter in the parish of St. Laurence, 
which he sold to the said William Blund. The Justices come and 
demand, how and by what warrant the said Earl William entered 
houses, which were gages of our Lord the King for 86£ marks, which 
Robert FitzWalter owed to Sampson the Jew on the houses aforesaid. 
The said William de Mandeville comes and says, that the debt is 
demanded from him unlawfully, and unlawfully for this reason : 
because Geoffrey FitzPeter, his father, was impleaded touching the 
same plea in the time of William de Warenne and his associates ; 
wherefore Geoffrey FitzPeter, his father, put himself upon the inquest 
and verdict of the City of London ; and because by that inquest and 
verdict the said Geoffrey FitzPeter, his father, went quit of the said 
debt ; and because the said Geoffrey FitzPeter, his father, did not 

1 Moses was eventually ransomed by the Jewish community. Ann. Monast. (Eolls 
Ser.) iii. 66. 



b SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

clamabat domos illas per Eobertum filiurn Walteri, nee per heredes suos ; 
et quod per judicium et consideracionem Curie disracicmavit domos illas 
sicut jus suum Et de hoc ponitse super rotulos Justiciariorum tunc 
temporis existencium. Henricus Aurifaber et Ricardus de Colecbirche, 
frater ejus, qui districti fuerunt pro predicto debito per impetracionem 
predicti Willelmi Blundi, veniunt et dicunt, quod injuste per inquisi- 
cionem et veredictum Civitatis Londonie recessit dictus Gaufridus filius 
Petri, pater ejus, quietus de predicto debito, quia in Civitate Londonie 
inquisicio non habetur nee veredictum. Et de hoc ponunt se super 
probos homines Civitatis. Et de hoc quod dictus Willelmus de 
Mandevilla elicit, quod ponit se super rotulos Justiciariorum tunc 
existencium, ponunt se super eosdem rotulos, utrum predictus Gau- 
fridus filius Petri, pater ejus, recessit quietus de debito Sampsonis, 
Judei, vel non ; et de hoc quod dicit, quod Gaufridus filius Petri, 
pater ejus, disracionavit domos illas tempore illo sicut jus suum, 
ad hoc respondent quod injuste dicit, quia Cancellarius Willelmus de 
Longchamp, tunc Justiciarius Anglie, cepit in manum suam domos 
illas pro debito Domini Regis sicut Justiciarius ; et postea, tempore 
Archiepiscopi de Rothomago, uxor predicti Roberti filii Walteri venit 
et posuit se in domos illas sicut in francum bancum suum, et postea 
ita tenuit se dum Hubertus Walterus fuit Justicia.rius Anglie ; et postea 
venit Gaufridus filius Petri et cepit predictas domos sicut Justiciarius 
pro debito Domini Regis, et eas vi tenuit, set non sicut jus suum. 
Et dicunt, quod sunt propinquiores heredes Roberti filii Walteri, et 
hoc bene testificatum fuit in pleno folkesmot, et in La Gyh#ulla, et, 
desicut propinquiores heredes Roberti filii Walteri sunt, petunt Justi- 
ciaries ut deliberent eis predictas domos, et respondebunt Domino 
Regi de predicto debito sicut heredes, et per sic dabunt Domino 
Regi c s. 

Predictus Willelmus de Mandevilla venit, et defendit jus suum ubi 
debebit et quando debebit. Predicti vero Henricus et Ricardus veniunt, 
et exigunt domos illas sicut recti heredes Roberti filii Walteri, sicut illas 
unde Robertus filius Walteri fuit vestitus toto tempore suo sicut de 
hereditate sua, et illam invadiavit Sampsoni, Judeo, sicut hereditatem 
suam ; dicentes quod predictus Gaufridus filius Petri, pater predicti 
Willelmi, cepit seisinam domuum illarum sicut Justiciarius, et eos extra 
illas injuste tenuit. Et petunt quodpossunt respondere Domino Regi 
de iiii xx et vj m. et dim. Et bene ponunt se super rotulos predictos, si 
unquam placitum fuit coram eisdem Justiciariis vel inquisicio de debito 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1220 6 

claim those houses through Robert FitzWalter, or through his heirs ; 
and because he did deraign those houses as his right by the judg- 
ment of the Court. And touching this he puts himself upon the rolls 
of the Justices then being. Henry Goldsmith and his brother, 
Eichard of Colechurch, who were distrained for the said debt at the 
suit of the said William Blund, come and say, that by the inquest 
and verdict of the City of London the said Geoffrey FitzPeter, the 
Earl's father, went quit of the said debt unlawfully, because in the 
City of London neither inquest nor verdict is had. 1 And touching 
this they put themselves upon the true men of the City. And touch- 
ing what the said William de Mandeville says, that he puts himself 
upon the rolls of the Justices then being, they put themselves upon 
the same rolls, whether the said Geoffrey FitzPeter, his father, went 
quit of the debt to Sampson the Jew, or no ; and touching what he 
says, that Geoffrey FitzPeter, his father, deraigned those houses at 
that time as his right, they answer that he speaks without law, 
because the Chancellor William de Longchamp, then Justiciar of 
England, took those houses for a debt of the King into his hand as 
Justiciar ; and afterwards, in the time of the Archbishop of Rouen, 2 
the wife of the said Robert FitzWalter came and occupied those 
houses as her free bench, and so held them thereafter while Hubert 
Walter was Justiciar of England; and afterwards came Geoffrey 
FitzPeter and took the said houses as Justiciar for a debt of the King, 
and held them by force, and not as his right. And they say, that 
they are next heirs of Robert FitzWalter, and this was well attested 
in full folkmote, and in the Gildhall, and, as being next heirs of Robert 
FitzWalter, they pray the Justices to deliver the said houses to them, 
and they will answer our Lord the King touching the said debt as 
heirs, and therefor they will give our Lord the King 100s. 

The said William de Mandeville comes, and will defend his right 
where and when he ought. The said Henry and Richard come, and 
as Robert FitzWalter's heirs demand those houses as those whereof he 
was vested all his life as his of inheritance, which as such he gave in 
gage to Sampson the Jew. They say that the said Geoffrey FitzPeter, 
father of the said William, took seisin of those houses as Justiciar, and 
kept them out thereof unlawfully. And they crave that they may answer 
our Lord the King for the 86i marks. And they put themselves upon 
the said rolls, whether there were ever plea or inquest before the said 

1 I.e. touching pleas of land in which the 2 William de Coutances, Justiciar, 

rights of Jews are concerned. Cf. Intro- 1191-3. 
duction, p. xxii. 



Rot. 2, m. 
Loml. 



7 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

illo quod Eobertus filius Walteri debuit Sampsoni, Judeo, cujus nomine 
debitum illud debetur. Dies datus est eis in octabis S. Michaelis 
ad audiendum judicium suum. Ad hunc diem venerunt, et petierunt 
judicium suum. Comes petit quod sit quietus de debito illo, 1 et quod 
predicti Henricus et Eicardus, qui recognoscunt se esse heredes, solvant 
debitum, desicut nichil habet, vel clamat per Eobertum filium Walteri, 
et desicut pater suus quietus recessit de debito illo per inquisicionem. 
Predicti Henricus et Eicardus veniunt, et petunt quod eis allocetur 
quod nunquam summoniti fuerunt ad aliquam inquisicionem inde 
audiendam ; dicentes, quod inquisicio nullam mencionem facit de 
debito quod Eobertus filius Walteri debuit Sampsoni, Judeo, de quo 
Sampsone debitum illud movet, set de Abraham, filio Babi, cujus 
nomine non exigitur. Et bene ponunt se super rotulos, et dicunt 
quod inquisicio ilia non debet eis nocere, desicut inquisicio ilia 
nullam mencionem facit de debito quod Eobertus filius Walteri debuit 
Sampsoni, Judeo, cujus nomine debitum illud exigitur, et exigunt 
consideracionem si debeant respondere de predicto debito, desicut 
non tenent aliquas terras que fuerunt Eoberti filii Walteri ; set 
adhuc petunt, quod predicte domus eis deliberentur, et de predicto 
debito respondebunt. Et Justiciarii exigunt, si inquisicio que facta 
est sine precepto Domini Eegis debet ei nocere de debito vel vadiis 
suis habendis. Dies datus est eis de die in diem usque in octabis 
S. Martini. Comes ponit loco suo Henricum Luvel, Willelmum 
Blundum, vel Eogerum de Bungeya. Henricus et Eicardus uterque 
ponit alterum, Dies datus est eis a die S. Hillarii in xv dies ad 
audiendum judicium suum. ■ 

Item, dies datus est a die Pasche in unum mensem ad audiendum 
judicium suum. 



PLACITA DE TEBMINO PASCHE ANNO VICESIMO 
OCTAVO. 

Martin us, Prior de Benetlega, fecit summonere Mosseum Crespin 
et Isaac, fratrem suum, ad respondendum ei de placito, quod injuste 
fecerant eum distringi pro debito, quod eis non debet, ut dicit ; unde 
dampnificatus est ad valenciam x m. Et Judei veniunt et defendunt 
vim etc. et dicunt, quod non injuste set juste, et proferunt duo ciro- 

1 The text has here been cleared of a piece of incoherent circumlocution which 
impeded the course of the narrative. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1244 7 

•Justices touching that debt which Robert FitzWalter owed to Sampson 
the Jew, in whose name that debt is owing. A day is given them, 
the octave of St. Michael, to hear their judgment. On this day they 
came, and craved their judgment. The Earl craves that he be quit of 
that debt, and that the said Henry and Richard, who acknowledge that 
they are heirs, do pay the debt, seeing that he neither has nor claims 
aught through Robert FitzWalter, and that his father went quit of 
that debt by inquest. The said Henry and Richard come, and 
crave that it be allowed in their favour that they were never 
summoned to hear any inquest thereof ; and they say, that the inquest 
makes no mention of the debt which Robert FitzWalter owed to 
Sampson the Jew, from which Sampson that debt moves, but of 
Abraham, son of Rabbi, in whose name it is not demanded. And 
they put themselves upon the rolls, and say that they ought not to 
suffer by the inquest, seeing that that inquest makes no mention of 
the debt which Robert FitzWalter owed to Sampson the Jew, in 
whose name that debt is demanded, and they claim judgment 
whether they ought to answer touching the said debt, seeing 
that they hold no lands which belonged to Robert FitzWalter ; 
but they crave, as before, that the said houses be delivered to them, 
and they will answer touching the said debt. And the Justices 
demand, whether an inquest made without the King's mandate ought 
to impair his right of recovery upon a debt clue to him or his 
gages. A day is given them from day to day until the octave of 
St. Martin. The Earl puts in his place Henry Lovel, William Blund, 
or Roger de Bungay. Henry and Richard put each the other in his 
place. A day is given them, the quindene of St. Hilary, to hear their 
judgment. 

A further day is given, a month after Easter, to hear their 
judgment. 



PLEAS OF EASTER TERM IN THE TWENTY-EIGHTH 

YEAR. [A.D. 1244.] 

Martin, Prior of Bentley, caused summon Moses Crespin and Isaac, 
his brother, to answer him touching a plea, that they had unlawfully 
caused him to be distrained for a debt, which, he says, he does not 
owe them ; whereby he is damnified to the amount of 10 marks. And 
the Jews come and defend the force etc. and say, that they distrained 
not unlawfully but lawfully, and they produce two chirographs ; in one 



8 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

grapha ; in quorum uno continetur, quod dictus Prior de Benetlega et 
ejusdem loci Conventus debent Mosseo, filio Jacobi Crespin, ij in. et 
dim., reddendas ad festum S. Michaelis anno regni Regis Henrici 
xxiiij : acto viij die Decembris proximo ante : et in alio continetur, 
quod dictus Prior et ejusdem loci Conventus debent Isaac Crespin lx s., 
reddendo hide ad festum Omnium Sanctorum anno regni Regis Henrici 
xxvj x s., et ad Pascha post 1 s. : acto viij° die Feb. anno xxv°. 

Ad hoc dicit dictus Prior, quod ad debitum lx s. non debet re- 
spondere, eo quod nunquam debitum illud a dicto Isaac mutuo cepit, 
nee aliqua pars est in Archa Cirographorum, et quod hoc sit verum 
ponit se super Archam Cirographorum Londonie. Et Judeus simili- 
ter. Ideo consideration est, quod Archa scrutetur. 

Ad debitum ij m. et dim. dicit dictus Prior, quod injuste fecit eum 
distringi pro debito illo, quia prece parcium datus fuit dies a die Pasche 
in unum mensem, et quod hoc sit verum ponit se super rotulos. Ad 
hoc dicit dictus Judeus, quod nunquam fuit dies datus inter eos prece 
parcium, nisi de lx s. Dies datus est eis a die Pasche in unum mensem 
ad audiendum judicium suum ; et interim averia replegiantur. Postea 
concordati sunt per licenciam Justiciariorum, et Prior dat dim. 
marcam pro licencia concordandi. 



Robertus Cristfinesse queritur, quod, cum venisset ad domum Diaie, 
filii Soleil, die Dominica ante Exaltacionem S. Crucis, ad mutuandum 
iij s. super unum ciphuin de mazer cum pede argenteo et duo firma- 
cula argentea, et venit Bona, uxor dicti Diaie, in presencia sua et per 
preceptum suum, et tradidit ei iij s. retonsatos super predicta vadia ; 
et ex quo recessit a domo dicti Diaie obviavit Roberto, ballivo Cicestre, 
qui vidit dictum Robertum deferentem denarios retonsatos, et attachia- 
vit denarios illos ; et requisitus quis ei denarios illos tradidit, dixit 
quod eos mutuo cepit de dicta Judea. Ad hoc dicit dictus Diaie pro 
se et uxore sua, quod nunquam denarios illos ei tradidit, nee aliquos 
denarios ab eo super dicta vadia mutuo cepit, nee denarios illos 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1244 8 

of which it is contained, that the said Prior of Bentley and the Convent of 
the same place owe Moses, son of Jacoh Crespin, 2i marks, payable 
on the feast of St. Michael in the 24th year of the reign of King Henry, 
the chirograph being made on the 8th of December in the preceding 
year ; and in the other it is contained, that the said Prior and Con- 
vent of the same place owe Isaac Crespin 60s., whereof they were to 
pay 10s. on the feast of All Saints in the 26th year of the reign of 
King Henry, and 50s. at the following Easter, the chirograph being 
made on the 8th of February in the 25th year. 

To this the said Prior saith, that as to the debt of 60s. he is not 
bound to answer, because he never had that loan from the said Isaac, 
nor is there any part of the said chirograph in the Chirograph-Chest, 
and as to the truth of this he puts himself upon the London Chiro- 
graph-Chest. And the Jew likewise. So it is adjudged, that the Chest 
be searched. 

As to the debt of 2^ marks the said Prior saith, that the Jew caused 
him to be distrained for that debt unlawfully, because at the prayer of 
the parties a day was given, a month after Easter, and as to the truth of 
this he puts himself upon the rolls. To this saith the said Jew, that there 
was never any day given between them at the prayer of the parties, 
save touching the 60s. A day is given them, a month after Easter, to 
hear their judgment ; and in the meantime the goods are replevied. 
Afterwards they make concord by leave of the Justices, and the Prior 
gives half a mark for the leave. 

Kobert Cristfinesse complains, that, he being at the house of Diaia, 1 
son of Soleil, on the Sunday before the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, 
whither he had come to borrow 3s. upon a bowl of mazer-wood 2 with 
a silver foot and two silver buckles, Bona, wife of the said Diaia, 
came, in her husband's presence and at his command, and gave him 
3s. in clipped coin upon the said gages ; and after he had left the house 
of the said Diaia he met Bobert, bailiff of Chichester, who saw 
him, Bobert, carrying away the clipped coins, and attached the coins ; 
and being asked who gave him those coins, he answered that he had 
borrowed them from the said Jewess. 

To this the said Diaia for himself and his wife makes answer, 
that he never gave him those coins, or lent him any coins on those 
gages, nor did he clip those coins ; and touching this matter he puts 

1 Such appears to be the true spelling of Deeds of English Jews before 1290, ed. 
a name which occurs in a puzzling variety Davis (A.-J. H. E. P.) Index, 
of forms in the records. See Hebrew - See Glossary. 



( J SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

retonsavit ; et de hoc ponit se super Henricurn Ketelbern, Gaufridum 
de Westrete et Eadulfum de La Sende (et Eobertus similiter) ; set 
quod illud factum fuit maliciose per Jacobum de Custanciis, Judeum, 
et quod illos denarios retonsavit, et non ipse, se ponit super predictos 
Henricum, Gaufridum et Eadulfum, et dat Domino Eegi dim. marcam 
ut habeat veredictum predictorum. Et dicti Henricus et alii jurati 
dicunt quod credunt bene, quod dictus Eobertus dictos denarios mutuo 
cepit de dicta Bona super dicta vadia, set non in presencia ipsius Diaie, 
quia non fait in villa, ut credunt. Dicunt eciam quod dictus Eobertus 
questus fuit per consilium Jacobi de Custanciis. Et quia idem Jacobus 
habebatur suspectus de retonsura, invenit plegios, si aliquis versus eum 
loqui voluerit, scilicet, Jacobum, filium Flurie, Deulecresse, filium 
Gente, Manasserum de Bedford, Aaron de Colecestria. Postea finivit 
dictus Diaie cum dicto Eoberto per x s. pro vadio et dainpno, solvendos 
in crastino Ascensionis. 

Kancet Clamatum fuit per scolas * Judeorum Londonie, quod si aliquis 

Judeus vel Judea aliquod debitum exigere posset de Willelmo Belhuncle 
quod esset coram Justiciariis, etc. a die Pascbe in unum mensem. 
Et nullus venit preter Eliam Le Blund, qui protulit duo cirographa ; 
in quorum uno continetur, quod dictus Willelmus debet dicto Elie 
iiij 1., reddendo ad festum S. Michaelis anno xxvj xx s., et ad quinde- 
nam Purificationis B. Marie lx s. ; et in alio continetur, quod dictus 
Willelmus debet dicto Elie xx s., reddendos ad Natale anno xxviij". Et 
dictus Elias concedit, quod, nisi cirographa ilia inrotulentur in rotulis 
de itinere Gilberti de Preston et sociorum suorum, quod debita ilia 
quieta Bint. 

ib.m.2, Johanna, que fuit uxor Eogeri Bacun, fecit summonere Isaac, 

filium Benedicti de Colecestria, ad respondendum ei de placito, quod 
injuste exigit ab ea debitum quod ei non debet, ut elicit, et ea 
occasione fecit earn distringi in autumpno anno xxvj°, et cepit averia 
sua, unde dampnificata est ad valenciam xl s. ; et inde producit sectam. 
Et Judeus venit et defendit vim etc. et injustam districcionem et 
dicit, quod non injuste set juste exigit ab ea debitum illud ; scilicet, xx s. 
per quoddam cirographum quod protulit, in quo continetur, quod dicta 
Johanna debet dicto Benedicto de Colecestria et Isaac de Warwico 
xx s., solvendos ad festum S. Michaelis anno regui Eegis Henrici xxj". 

1 See Glossary. 



Kent and 
London. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1244 

himself upon Henry Ketelbern, Geoffrey of West Street, and Ralph 
of La Sende (and Robert likewise) ; but that it was a malicious con- 
trivance of Jacob of Coutances, Jew, by whom, and not by him, the 
coins were clipped, touching this, he puts himself upon the said Henry, 
Geoffrey and Ralph, and gives our Lord the King half a mark to have 
their verdict. And the said Henry and the other jurors say that they 
fully believe, that the said Robert borrowed the said coins from the said 
Bona on the said gages, but not in the presence of Diaia, for, as they 
believe, he was not in the vill. They also say that the said Robert 
made his complaint by the advice of Jacob of Coutances. And as the 
said Jacob was held suspect of the clipping, he finds pledges, if so be 
that anyone have aught to say against him : to wit, Jacob, son of 
Fluria, Deulecresse, son of Genta, Manasser of Bedford, Aaron of 
Colchester. Afterwards the said Diaia fined with the said Robert in 
10s. for gage and damage, payable on the morrow of the Ascension. 

Proclamation was made through the synagogues of the Jews of 
London, that if any Jew or Jewess should have any debt to demand of 
William Belhuncle, he or she should be before the Justices etc. a month 
after Easter. And no one came but Elias Le Blund, who produced two 
chirographs ; in one of which it is contained, that the said William 
owes the said Elias £4, whereof he was to pay 20s. on the feast of St. 
Michael in the 26th year, and 60s. on the quindene of the Purification 
of Blessed Mary ; and in the other it is contained, that the said William 
owes the said Elias 20s., payable at the Nativity in the 28th year. 
And the said Elias admits, that, should those chirographs not be in- 
rolled in the rolls of the eyre of Gilbert de Preston and his associates, 
those debts would be quit. 

Joan, wife that was of Roger Bacon, caused summon Isaac, son of 
Benedict, of Colchester, to answer her touching a plea, that he 
unlawfully demands of her a debt which she does not owe him, so she 
says, and on that account caused her to be distrained in the autumn 
of the 26th year, and seized her cattle, whereby she is damnified to the 
amount of 40s. ; and thereof she produces suit. And the Jew comes 
and defends the force etc. and unlawful distress and says, that not 
unlawfully but lawfully he demands of her that debt ; to wit, 20s. by 
a chirograph which he produced, in which it is contained, that the 
said Joan owes the said Benedict of Colchester and Isaac of Warwick 
20s., payable at the feast of St. Michael in the 21st year of the reign 
of King Henry. 



10 SCACCAKIUM JUDEORUM 

Ad hoc dicit Johanna, quod injuste exigit debitum illud, quia ipsa 
illud nunquam mutuavit, nee aliquid inde debet esse in Archa, eo 
quod, quando scrutinium factum fuit per fratrem Gaufridum de 
catallis Judeorum, nichil inde fuit inventum nee inrotulatum ; et 
quod hoc sit verum, se ponit super rotulos. Et quia scrutatis rotulis 
nichil inde fuit inventum, consideratum est, quod ipsa Johanna 
respondeat Domino Eegi de debito illo, et Judeus in misericordia pro 
injusta districcione, et reddat ipsi Johanne dampna sua. Et man- 
dandum est Cirographariis Colecestrie, quod sint coram Justiciariis 
in octabis S. Trinitatis ad respondendum, quo modo et per quern 
dictum cirographum intravit in Archam, cum confectum esset ante 
predictum scrutinium, et in scrutinio illo non iirventum, set postea 
per Vicecomitem Essexe, qui illud extraxit ab Archa ilia perpreceptum 
Domini Regis, et protulit coram Justiciariis. 



STARRA. 

Ursellus de Colecestria recognovit per starrum suum, quod Philippus 
Basset et Fulco Basset, et heredes eorum et sui assignati, et omnes 
terre quas tenent de Willelmo de Beymes, quieti sunt versus eum et 
heredes suos de omnibus debitis, querelis, demandis, que dictus 
Willelmus unquam ei debuit a creacione seculi usque ad finem ; et 
si aliquis veniat et deferat cirographum, talliam, vel aliud instru- 
mentum sub nominibus ipsius Willelmi et dicti Judei, recognovit, quod 
quietum sit et nullius vigoris. 

Aaron, films Abrahe, recognovit per starrum suum, quod quietum 
clamavit et perdonavit Roberto de Mares et heredibus suis et 
assignatis suis totum manerium de Akemere, quod emit de Johanne 
de Mares, fratre ipsius Roberti ; ita quod ipse vel heredes sui nichil 
poterunt exigere vel clamare super predictum manerium cum perti- 
nenciis, occasione alicujus debiti quod dictus Johannes ei debuit, a 
creacione seculi usque ad finem. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1244 10 

To this Joan answers, that he demands that debt unlawfully, 
because she never borrowed the money, nor should there be aught 
therefor in the Chest, because, when the scrutiny was made by Brother 
Geoffrey 1 touching the chattels of the Jews, nought thereof was found 
or inrolled ; and as to the truth of this she puts herself upon the rolls. 
And as upon scrutiny of the rolls nought thereof was found, it is 
adjudged, that she, Joan, answer our Lord the King touching that 
debt, and the Jew be in mercy for unlawful distress, and pay her, Joan, 
her damages. And the Cliirographers of Colchester are to be com- 
manded, that they be before the Justices on the octave of Holy 
Trinity to answer, by what means and by whom the said chirograph 
came into the Chest, seeing that it was made before the said scrutiny 
and was not found in that scrutiny, but afterwards by the Sheriff of 
Essex, who took it out of the Chest at our Lord the King's command, 
and produced it before the Justices. 



STARES. 

Essex. Ursell of Colchester acknowledged by his starr, that Philip Basset 

and Fulk Basset, and their heirs and their assigns, and all the lands 
which they hold of William de Eeymes, are quit as to him and his 
heirs of all debts, claims and demands, which the said William ever 
owed him from the creation to the end of the world ; and should 
anyone come and produce any chirograph, tally or other instrument 
under the name of him, William, and the said Jew, he acknowledged, 
that it would be quit and of no force. 2 

Kent. Aaron, son of Abraham, acknowledged by his starr, that he quit- 

claimed and pardoned to Robert de Mares and his heirs and his 
assigns all the manor of Akemere which he bought of John de Mares, 
brother of him, Robert ; so that it be not in the power of either him 
or his heirs to demand or claim aught upon the said manor and its 
appurtenances, on account of any debt which the said John owed him, 
from the creation to the end of the world. 



1 The King's Almoner. Cf. De Antiq. - Cf. Davis, Hebrew Deeds of English 

Leg. (Camden Soc.) p. 237. Matt. Par. Jews (A.-J. H. E. P.) No. 195. 
Chron. Maj. vol. iii. 495, 543. 



11 SCACCARIUM JUDEOEUM 



MEMOEANDUM. 

Preceptum fuit Viceconiiti Northaintescire, quod per sacramentum 
xij etc. eligi faceret duos idoneos Christianos ad claves Arche Ciro- 
graphorum custodiendas, quas Eobertus de Leicestria, qui obiit, et 
Eadulfus Passelewe, qui insufficiens fuit, ut dicebatur, custodierunt ; 
et quod acciperet de eis salvos plegios de fidelitate, et scire faceret 
nomina electorum illorum, et plegiorum suoruin, die Lune proxiuia 
post Ascensionem Doinini. Ad diem retornavit Vicecomes breve, et 
significavit, quod Eogerus filius Theobaldi, et Eobertus Le Despenser 
fuerunt electi, et invenerunt plegios; scilicet, Eogerus, Philippum filium 
Bicardi, de Northaintona, et Henricum de Leicestria, de eadem ; et 
Eobertus, Adam Le Brun, de Northaintona, et Henricum filium 
Eoberti de eadem. 



PLACITA DE TEEMINO S. MICHAELIS ANNO VICESIMO 
OCTAVO INCIPIENTE NONO. 

Rot. 4, m. 3. Per preceptum Domini Eegis venit Petrus de La Leye coram 



Warw 



Justiciariis, et adduxit coram eis Leonem, filium Deuleben', Anteram, 
filiam suam, et Eliam, generum ipsius Leonis, et Sigge, uxorein ejus, 
et Eliam, filium Deuleben', captos occasione cujusdam appelli de pace 
Domini Eegis infracta. Et Yicecomes significavit per litteras suas, 
quod Elias, filius Isaac Lumbard, retonsor est denariorum, et per 
inquisicionem hide factam convictus, et retonsura inventa in domo 
sua in quadam fossa sub terra. Preterea significavit idem Yicecomes, 
quod Salomon, filius Ees', latro est pessimus. Et quesitum fuit a 
predicto ballivo, scilicet, Petro, ubi dicta retonsura fuit, et dixit quod 
nescivit. Ideo custodiatur quousque hide respondeatur. Et predicti 
Judei committantur prisone. Et mandandum est Viceconiiti, quod die 
Lune proxima post festuin S. Martini habeat coram Justiciariis etc. 
retonsuram predictain, et latrocinium cum quo dictus Salomon captus 
fuit. Et preceptum Domini Eegis tradituni est predicto Petro. 

Postea venit Elias de Warwik', et appellavit predictum Leonem et 
alios de hoc quod die Lune proxima ante festuin S. Mathei Apostoli, 
parum post nonam, in magno vico de Warwik' obviaverunt Besse, uxori 
sue, et illam ceperunt, verberaverunt et male tractaverunt, ita quod 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1244-5 11 



MEMORANDUM. 

The Sheriff of Northamptonshire was commanded, that by oath of 
twelve etc. he cause to be chosen two Christians proper to have 
charge of the keys of the Chirograph-Chest, of which Robert de 
Leicester, who is dead, and Ralph Passelewe, who was unfit, as was 
said, had charge ; and that he take safe pledges for their fidelity, and 
notify the names of them when chosen, and of their pledges, on the 
Monday next after the Ascension of the Lord. The Sheriff returned 
the writ on the day assigned, and notified, that Roger FitzTheobald, 
and Robert Le Despenser were chosen, and found pledges ; to wit, 
Roger found Philip FitzRichard, oj Northampton, and Henry de 
Leicester, of the same place ; and Robert found Adam Le Brun, of 
Northampton, and Henry FitzRobert, of the same place. 



PLEAS OF MICHAELMAS TERM IN THE TWENTY-EIGHTH 
YEAR AND THE BEGINNING OF THE TWENTY-NINTH 

YEAR. [A.D. 1244-5.] 

By mandate of our Lord the King came Peter de La Leye before the 
Justices, and brought before them Leo, son of Deuleben, Antera, his 
daughter, and his son-in-law Elias, and Sigge, his wife, and Elias, 
son of Deuleben, taken on appeal of breach of our Lord the King's 
peace. And the Sheriff notified by letter, that Elias, son of Isaac 
Lumbard, is a coin-clipper, and so convict by inquest had thereof, 
and that clippings were found in his house in a pit underground. 
The Sheriff further notified, that Solomon, son of Res, is a thief of 
the worst character. And the said bailiff, to wit, Peter, was asked 
where the said clippings were, and said that he knew not. Let him 
therefore be in custody until that question be answered. And let the 
said Jews be committed to prison. And the Sheriff is to be com- 
manded to have the said clippings before the Justices etc. on the 
Monday next after the feast of St. Martin, and therewith the matter 
of larceny on which the said Solomon was taken. And the mandate 
of our Lord the King is delivered to the said Peter. 

Elias of Warwick afterwards came, and appealed the said Leo and 
others, for that on Monday next before the feast of St. Matthew the 
Apostle, a little after none, they met Bessa, his wife, in the high 
street of Warwick, and took and beat her and so maltreated her that 



ib. m. 4. 
Suth. 



12 SCACCARIUM JUDEOIIUM 

infantem suuin, abortivum, frustratuni abs se abjecit, et abstulerunt 
ei unum firrnaculuni aureum et octo anulos aureos precii x m. ; et hoc 
paratus est probare, debeat per patriam, debeat per corpus suum, sive 
quocunque alio rnodo Curia consideraverit. Et Leo et alii veniunt 
et defendunt vim etc. et totum quod eis irnpositum verbo ad verbum, 
et dicunt quod non videtur eis, quod debeant ei respondere, desicut 
loquitur versus eos de facto illato uxori sue, que in vita est, et posset 
sequi, et non sequitur ; et petunt sibi allocari quod non loquitur 
versus eos de visu sive auditu. Et Elias dicit, quod loquitur versus 
euni de felonia facta infanti suo, et de catallis suis robbatis uxori sue ; 
et hoc petit sibi allocari. Postea veniunt Leo et alii et defendunt 
totum ut supra, et petunt sibi allocari de hoc quod non fuerunt 
inventi seisiti de aliqua parte dictorum catallorum. Set veritatem 
volunt recognoscere ; et dicunt quod, cum Antera, filia ipsius Leonis, 
iter ageret per villam de Warwik', venit predicta Bessa cum aliis, et 
cepit ipsam Anteram, et ipsam verberavit et male tractavit, ita 
quod comedit nasum suum et auriculas. Ita quod uxor ipsius Leonis 
venit et succursum fecit predicte Antere. Set quod ipse Leo, et alii in 
ipsam manum non miserunt, petunt quod inquiratur per patriam. 
Preterea dicunt, quod predicta Bessa, postquam ita tractaverat ipsam 
Anteram, obivit domura, et incubuit super lectum suum, et fecit se 
sanguinolentam de sanguine animalium, et sanguinem fecit infundere 
circa lectum suum. Et quod hoc sit verum, petunt quod inquiratur 
per patriam. Postea consideration est, quod appellum predicti Elie 
nullum est. Set Dominus Rex vult sequi inquisicionem. Ideo fiat 
inquisicio in pleno Comitatu per sex tarn milites quam alios liberos et 
legales homines de forinseco comitatu, et per sex tarn milites quam 
alios liberos et legales homines de villa de Warwik', et veniat in- 
quisicio in octabis S. Hillarii. Et interim Leo predictus et Antera et 
Sigge, filie sue, appellati, traditi sunt constabulario. 



Clamatum fuit per scolas Judeorum Wintonie, quod si aliquis 
Judeus vel Judea aliquod debitum exigere posset de Willelmo Bardulf, 
de debito suo proprio, vel de debito Willelmi de Warenne de Wurmegay, 
quod esset ad certum diem cum instrumentis etc. Ad diem non venit 
aliquis preter Eliam, filium Chere. Postea, die Lune proxima post 
diem Animarum venit dictus Elias et dicit, quod tenetur ei de debito 
Willelmi de Warenne per cartas, set illas non habet ad manus ; nee 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEAVS, A.I). 1244-5 12 

she miscarried of her infant, and took from her a gold buckle and 
eight gold rings of the value of 10 marks ; and this he is ready to 
prove either by the country or by his body, or in what other way 
soever the Court may adjudge. And Leo and the others come and 
defend the force etc. and all that is laid to their charge word by 
word, and say that they do not see, that they are bound to answer 
him, inasmuch as his count is a matter touching his wife, who is alive, 
and might sue and does not ; and they crave that it be allowed in their 
favour that he does not count against them as of his own sight or 
hearing. And Elias says, that his count is matter of felony done upon 
his infant, and of his chattels stolen from his wife ; and he craves that 
this be allowed in his favour. Leo and the others afterwards come 
and deny all of it as above, and crave that it be allowed in their 
favour that they were not found seised of any part of the said chattels. 
But they are willing to acknowledge the truth ; and they say that as 
Antera, Leo's daughter, was passing through the town of Warwick, 
the said Bessa came with others and took her, Antera, and beat and 
maltreated her and ate her nose and ears. In consequence whereof 
his, Leo's, wife came and succoured the said Antera. But they say 
that Leo and the others laid no hand upon her, Bessa, and thereof 
they crave an inquest of the country. They say, furthermore, that the 
said Bessa after so treating her, Antera, went home and lay down on 
her bed, and smeared herself with the blood of animals, and caused 
blood to be spilled round about her bed. And as to the truth of this 
they crave an inquest of the country. It is afterwards adjudged, that 
the appeal of the said Elias is null. But our Lord the King wills to 
sue an inquest. So let the inquest be had in full County Court by 
six as well knights as other free and lawful men of the utter county, 
and by six as well knights as other free and lawful men of the town of 
Warwick, and let the inquest come on the octave of St. Hilary. And 
in the meantime the said Leo and Antera and Sigge, his daughters, 
so appealed, are delivered to the constable. 

Proclamation was made through the synagogues of the Jews of 
Winchester, that if any Jew or Jewess had any debt to enforce 
against William Bardulf, whether his, Bardulf's, own debt or a debt 
of William de Warenne of Wormgay, he or she should be before etc., 
on a certain day with the instruments etc. On the day appointed none 
came save Elias, son of Chera. Afterwards, on the Monday next 
following All Souls' Day comes the said Elias and says, that Bardulf 
is bound to him for a debt of William de Warenne by charters, but 



ib. m. 5. 
Essex. 



13 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

voluit dicere quantum. Et Justiciarii exigunt a dicto Elia, si scrvivit 
Domino Regi inde in scrutinio facto per Fratrem Gaufridum, et ipse 
dicit quod inde servivit per starrum suum ; et scrutatis starris nichil 
inventum est. Postea dicit quod servivit in scrutinio facto per 
Thomam de Neuwerk' et Eadulfum de Leicestria. 



Piobertus de Brus fecit summonere Aaron Le Blund ad respon- 
dendum ei de placito, quod injuste fecit cum distringi pro debito c 1., 
desicut non debet ei nisi c s. per annum de mortuo vadio pro predicto 
debito stallando ; et hide profert starrum suum, et dicit quod occasione 
illius districcionis dampnificatus est ad valenciam xl 1., et hide producit 
sectam. Et Judeus venit et defendit summonicionem. Ideo vadiet 
ei legem ; et datus est dies a die Lune proxima ante festum S. Andree 
ad legem faciendam, et ad respondendum de capitali placito. Plegius, 
Samuel Le Blund. 



ib.m.5. Willelmus Bardulf fecit summonere Eliam, filium Chere, et 

Norf. . 

participes suos hereditatis Isaac Cirograpbarii l et Chere, de Wintonia, 
ad ostendendum quibus instrumentis et quo waranto exigunt ab eo 
debitum de debito Willelmi de Warenne de Wurmegay. 

Et Elias, Alius Chere, et Aaron, filius predicti Isaac Cirograpbarii, 
veniunt et proferunt duo cirographa, unum scilicet, in quo continetur, 
quod Willelmus de Warenne, filius Pieginaldi, debet Isaac Cirographario 
vij xx 1., unde xxxv 1. per annum ad iiij terminos, scilicet, S. Hillarii, 
Pasche, S. Johannis et S. Michaelis, prinio termino incipiente ad 
festum S. Hillarii proximum post obitum Galfridi de Muschamp, 
Cestrensis Episcopi ; in quo quidem cirographo nichil continetur 
vadii, nisi quod affidavit pro se et heredibus suis et sigillo suo con- 
firmavit ; et aliud cirographum, in quo continetur, quod idem Willelmus 
debet Chere de Wintonia xxiij m., unde primus terminus solucionis 
fuit ad festum S. Michaelis secundum post obitum Godefridi, 
Wintoniensis Episcopi ; in quo similiter nichil continetur vadii, nisi 
ut supra. 

1 Probably the magnate so roughly i. 223. See also Eot. Lit. Claus. (Kec. 

handled by King John at Bristol in 1210. Comm.) i. 137, and Introduction, p. xxiv 

His fine, at any rate, for the talliage then supra, 
assessed amounted to 5,100 marks. Madox, 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1244-5 13 

those charters lie has not at hand ; nor would he say in how much he 
is bound. And the Justices demand of the said Elias, whether he did 
service ' to our Lord the King on the said debt in the scrutiny made 
by Brother Geoffrey, and he says that he did service thereon by his 
starr ; and the starrs being examined, nothing is found. He after- 
wards says that he did service thereon in the scrutiny made by Thomas 
de Newark and Ralph de Leicester. 

Robert de Brus caused summon Aaron Le Blund to answer him 
touching a plea, that Aaron had caused him to be distrained for a 
debt of £100 unlawfully, inasmuch as he owes him only 100s. yearly 
on a mortgage for the stallage 2 of the said debt ; and thereof he 
produces his, Aaron's, starr, and says that by reason of that distress 
he is damnified to the amount of £40, and thereof he produces suit. 
And the Jew comes and denies the summons. So let him wage 
Robert law ; and a day is given, the Monday next before the feast of 
St. Andrew, to make the law, and to answer touching the main plea. 
Pledge, Samuel Le Blund, 

William Bardulf caused summon Elias, son of Chera, and his 
coparceners of the inheritance of Isaac the Chirographer and Chera, 
of Winchester, to show by what instruments and by what warrant 
they make demand of debt upon him for a debt of William de Warenne 
of Wormgay. 

And Elias, son of Chera, and Aaron, son of the said Isaac the 
Chirographer, come and produce two chirographs, to wit, one, in which 
it is contained, that William de Warenne, son of Reginald, owes Isaac 
the Chirographer £140, payable in the course of a year by instalments 
of £35 at each of the four terms, those, to wit, of St. Hilary, Easter, 
St. John, and St. Michael, beginning with the feast of St. Hilary next 
after the death of Geoffrey de Muschamp, Bishop of Chester ; 3 in 
which chirograph there is nothing in the nature of a gage, except that 
he pledged his own faith and that of his heirs, and confirmed it by 
his seal ; and another chirograph, in which it is contained, that the 
same William owes Chera of Winchester 23 marks, of which the first 
term of payment was the feast of St. Michael next but one after the 
death of Godfrey, Bishop of Winchester ; 4 in which there is likewise 
nothing in the nature of a gage, except as above. 

1 I.e., whether he became bound to the 3 Died 1208. Cf. Walt, de Coventr. 

King for any proportion of the claim. (Rolls Ser.) ii. 199. 

- See Glossary. 4 Godfrey de Lucy, d. 1204, ib. ii. 197. 



Rot. 5. Line. 



14 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

Et Willelmus venit et elicit, quod ad debita ilia non debet re- 
spondere eis, eo quod in inquisicione facta per Fratrem Galfridum de 
catallis Judeorum, et iterum per Thomam de Neuwerk' et Radull'um 
de Leicestria, nulla fuit mencio facta de debitis illis, nee aliquid 
inrotulatum nee in Archa inventurn. Unde si vera essent et bona, 
deberent esse Domino Regi, et non Judeis. Preterea elicit, quod 
desicut nichil continetur vadii pro predictis debitis in dictis cirographis, 
nisi tantum modo fides, petit judicium si debeat alicui inde respondere, 
necne. Et quia nulla facta fuit mencio in inquisicionibus predictis 
de debitis illis, nee aliquid inde inrotulatum nee in Archa inventurn, 
consideration est, quod dictus Willelmus respondeat inde Domino 
Eegi, si inde respondere debeat. Et dicta cirographa capta sunt in 
manum Domini Regis, et posita in . . . ! Thome. Et datus est dies 
eidem Willelmo a die S. Hillarii in tres septimanas. Postea, eodem 
die, postquam dictus Willelmus recessit, protulerunt dicti Judei 
quoddam cirographum in quo continetur, quod dictus Willelmus de 
Warenne debet Abrahe, filio Avegaye, et Isaac Cirographario xx m., 
unde terminus solucionis fuit ad festum S. Michaelis proximum post 
obitum Willelmi de Bleys, Lincolniensis Episcopi, de x m., et ad 
Pascha proximum post, x m. ; in quo nichil continetur vadii, nisi ut 
supra. Postea datus est dies a die Pasche in unum mensem ad 
audiendum judicium suum. 



STARRA DE TERMINO PASCHE ANNO TRICESIMO 
SEPTIMO. 

Elias, films Magistri Mossei, 2 recognovit per starrum suum pro se 
et pro Pucele, uxore ejus, quod Willelmus, films Philippi de Kyme, et 
heredes et antecessores sui, quieti sunt versus eos et heredes suos, 
antecessores et pueros suos, de omnibus debitis, querelis, demandis et 
plegagiis, a creacione seculi usque ad Pentecosten anno xxxvij , adeo 
bene de debitis, que debebantur Leoni de Eboraco, vel Samueli, filio 

1 The lacuna cannot be supplied with daughter of Aaron, son of Abraham, men- 
precision, tioned in a Hebrew starr of uncertain date 

2 The Chief Eabbi appointed in succes- addressed to the chirographers of Notting- 
sion to Aaron of York in 1243. Rot. Lit. ham. It is probable that this Pucelle 
Claus. 27-28 Hen. III. m. 2. Cf. Intro- was the Chief Rabbi's wife. Hebrew Deeds 
duction, p. xxix supra. The not very of English Jews before 1290, ed. Davis 
common name of Pucelle was borne by a (A.-J.H.E.P.) p. 279. Cf. p. 17 infra. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1253 14 

And William comes and says, that as to those debts he is not 
bound to answer them, because in the inquests made by Brother 
Geoffrey, and again by Thomas de Newark and Ralph de Leicester, 
touching the chattels of the Jews, no mention was made, nor aught 
inrolled or found in the Chest, touching those debts. Wherefore, if 
they were true and good debts, they would belong to our Lord the 
King, and not to the Jews. He says, furthermore, that, inasmuch as 
in the said chirographs there is nothing in the nature of a gage for 
the said debts, except only a pledge of faith, he craves judgment 
whether he be bound to answer anyone thereon, or no. And because 
no mention was made in the said inquests, nor aught inrolled or found 
in the Chest, touching those debts, it is adjudged, that the said William 
do answer our Lord the King thereof, if he be bound to answer thereof. 
And the said chirographs are taken into the hand of our Lord the 
King, and are placed in the care of Thomas. And a day is given the 
said William, three weeks from the day of St. Hilary. Afterwards, on 
the same day, when the said William was gone, the said Jews produced 
a chirograph in which it is contained, that the said William de 
Warenne owes Abraham, son of Avegay, and Isaac the Chirographer 
20 marks, of which the term of payment was, as to 10 marks thereof, 
the feast of St. Michael next after the death of William de Blois, 1 
Bishop of Lincoln, and, as to the other 10 marks, the Easter next 
following ; in which chirograph there is nothing in the nature of a 
gage, except as above. Afterwards a day is given, a month after 
Easter, to hear their judgment. 



STARRS OF EASTER TERM IN THE THIRTY-SEVENTH 
YEAR. [a.d. 12,53.] 

Elias, son of Master Moses, for himself and his wife Pucelle, 
acknowledged by his starr, that William, son of Philip de Kyme, and 
his heirs and ancestors, are quit as against them, their ancestors and 
children, of all debts, claims, demands and pledgeries, from the 
creation of the world to Pentecost in the 37th year, as well of debts 
which were owing to Leo of York, or Samuel, his son, as of debts 

1 Died 120G. Cf. Walt, de Coventr. (Rolls Ser.) ii. 198. 



ib. dorio. 
Xorf. 



15 SOACCAEIUM JUDEOEUM 

ejus, quam de debitis que eis debebantur ; et si cirographiim, tallia vel 
aliud instruruentuni inveniatur sub noininibus predictorum factum 
ante predictuin terminum, dicti Elias et Pucele, uxor ejus, recogno- 
verunt, quod quietum est, et nicbil valeat. 

Abraham, filius Mossei et Hak', filius Eliele Evesk', 1 recognoverunt 
per starrum suum, quod Lucas, filius Thome de Poiniug', militis, et 
heredes sui et sui assiguati, quieti sunt versus eos et antecessors 
suos et heredes et suos assign atos, de omnibus debitis, querelis et 
demandis, et omnibus rebus, que Eobertus Aguilum, quondam heres 
Emme de Beufo, debuit eis vel antecessoribus suis, a creacione seculi 
usque ad finem ; ita quod ij^si nee heredes sui nee sui assignati nee 
aliquis pro eis nichil ulterius exigere poterunt, vel habere, super 
terras et tenementa que predictus Lucas habuit, vel habere potuit, de 
hereditate dicti Eoberti, nee super alias terras et tenementa que pre- 
dictus Lucas et heredes sui vel sui assignati habent, vel habere pote- 
runt, occasione vel racione alicujus debiti quod predictus Eobertus 
vel Emma predicta, vel antecessores eorum, eis debuerunt vel ante- 
cessoribus suis, a creacione seculi usque ad finem. Et insimul 
recognoverunt, quod predictus Lucas et heredes sui vel sui assignati 
quieti fuerunt de omni debito versus eos et antecessores suos usque 
ad secundum diem Junii anno etc. xxxvij°. Et ipsi tenentur de jure 
acquietare et defendere predictum Lucam et heredes suos et suos 
assignatos contra onines gentes, tarn Christianos quam Judeos, ab 
omni predicto debito, ut predictum est, a creacione seculi usque ad 
finem. Et omnia predicta recognita predicti Abraham et Hak' recog- 
noverunt et in starro illorum in Latinis verbis de littera Ebraica 
inanu illorum scripta, et se ipsos 2 sigillaverunt. Et per istud starrum 
quoddam cirographum de ccc et 1 m., confectum sub nominibus dicti 
Abrahe et Eoberti Aguilum, liberatum fuit dicto Luce per assensum 
dicti Judei, eo quod omnes tenentes terras dicti Eoberti ei de porcione 
ipsos contingente satisfecerunt. 

Aaron, filius Abraham, recognovit per starrum suum, quod de debito 
cccxl 1. quas Philippus de Colambers ei debuit, reddendo xxx 1. per 
annum, trade primus terminus prime solucionis fuit ad festum 
S. Hillarii anno xxxvij", xv 1., et ad festum S. Johannis Baptiste 

1 This Elias le Eveske may have been assume that he was the Chief Rabbi, 

the father of Meir ben Elia, the poet of Both the name Elias and the office connoted 

Norwich. See Q^tTiri Hebraische Poesien by " eveske " were so common among the 

des Meir ben Elia aus Norwich, ed. Ber- Jews as to afford no sure ground of 

liner. London. 1887. It would be rash to identification. - Sic. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1253 15 

which were owing to them; and should there be found any chirograph, 
tally or other instrument made before the said term under the 
names of the said Elias and Pucelle, they, the said Elias and Pucelle 
his wife, acknowledged, that it is quit, and would be of no validity. 

Abraham, son of Moses, and Hak, son of Elias le Eveske, acknow- 
ledged by their starr, that Luke, son of Thomas de Poinings, knight, 
and his heirs and their assigns, are quit as to them and their 
ancestors and heirs and their assigns, of all debts, claims and 
demands, and all matters, whicli Eobert Aguillon, late heir of Emma 
de Beaufoy, owed them or their ancestors, from the creation to the 
end of the world ; so that neither they nor their heirs nor their 
assigns nor any one in their behalf may aught further exact or have 
upon the lands and tenements which the said Luke had, or could 
have had, of the inheritance of the said Eobert, nor upon other lands 
and tenements which the said Luke and his heirs or their assigns have, 
or may have, by reason or on account of any debt which the said Eobert 
or the said Emma, or their ancestors, owed them or their ancestors, from 
the creation to the end of the world. And at the same time they 
acknowledged, that the said Luke and his heirs or their assigns were 
quit of all debt as to them and their ancestors to the second day of 
June in the 37th year etc. And they are bound lawfully to acquit 
and defend the said Luke and his heirs and their assigns against all 
folk, as well Christians as Jews, from all the said debt, from the 
creation, as aforesaid, to the end of the world. And all the said 
matters the said Abraham and Hak acknowledged by their starr 
in Latin words written in the Hebrew character with their own hands, 
and thereto set their seal. And by virtue of this starr a chirograph 
for 350 marks, made under the names of the said Abraham and Ptobert 
Aguillon, was delivered to the said Luke with the assent of the said Jew, 
because he was satisfied by all the terre-tenants of the said Pobert 
touching the portions of the claim severally resting upon each of them. 

Aaron, son of Abraham, acknowledged by his starr, that, whereas 
Philip de Columbers l owed him a debt of £340, whereof he was to 
pay £30 a year, £15 at the first term of payment, to wit, the feast of St. 
Hilary in the 37th year of the reign, and £15 on the feast of St. John 

1 Sec Collinson, Somerset, iii. 551. 



16 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

proximo sequentis, xv 1. ; et totum predictum debituin cccxl 1. 
acquietavit Philippus de Columbers, filius predicti Philippi, per c et 
xxx I., videlicet reddendo ad hos terminos, ad quindenam S. Hillarii 
anno xliiij , xv 1., et ad quindenam S. Johannis Baptiste proximo 
sequentis xv L, et sic de anno in annum, de termino in terminum, 
xxx 1. per annum ad terminos predictos usque ad finem solucionis 
predicti debiti c et xxx 1. ; et propter predictam acquietanciam dedit 
predictus Philippus, filius dicti Philippi, c in., quas recepit, et unde 
quietus est ; et ideo recognovit, quod ipse nee heredes sui nichil 
exigere vel clamare poterunt de toto predicto debito cccxl L, nisi exxx I., 
reddendo ad terminos predictos ; et concessum est quod qua hora 
predictus Philippus, pater predicti Philippi, venerit apud Londoniam, 
et cartam suam voluerit mutare, et componere novam cartam exxx 1. 
ad terminos predictos, et ponere in Archa Cirographorum apud 
Londoniam secundum Consuetudinem Judaismi, tunc tenetur dictus 
Aaron extrahere ab Archa Cirographorum predictum cirographum 
cccxl 1. et predicto Philippo quietum reddere. Istud starrum com- 
positum fuit die Lune proxima post Ascensionem Domini. 

Sciant presentes et futuri, quod ego, Aaron, filius Abrahe, Judeus, de 
Londonia, dedi, concessi et quietum clamavi et presenti carta mea con- 
firmavi Galfrido Godard, civi Londonie, sex marcatas ' et novemdecim 
denariatas quieti redditus annui in Civitate Londonie, percipiendas in 
locis subscriptis, scilicet, de terra et platea et domo quam Warner de 
Walebrok' tenuit in parochia S. Stephani, decern solidos, et de terra 
et platea et domo quam Ricardus Marscallus tenuit in eadem 
parochia, octo solidos et tres obolos, et de terra et platea et domo 
quam Jacobus Le Mazeliner tenet in eadem parochia, decern 
solidos et tres obolos, et de tota terra et platea et domibus in 
parochia S. Petri Parvi, Lond', que est inter Daneborgate versus 
Orientem et terrain Johanuis Persone versus Occidentem, et que 
extendit se a vico regio versus Aquilonem et 2 Tamisiam versus 
Austrum, quatuor marcatas, scilicet, de terra et platea et domibus et 
kaya quas Henricus de Hamme tenet, duas marcatas, et de terra et 
platea et domibus et ka} 7 a quas Willeimus Le Cuner tenet, duas 
marcatas (et sciendum est, quod dicte sex marcate et novemdecim 
denariate solvi debent ad quatuor anni terminos principales) habendas 
et tenendas predicto Galfrido et heredibus suis, et cuicumque dare, 
dimittere, legare vel assignare voluerit, et eorum heredibus, de me et 
heredibus meis in feodo et hereditate, libere, quiete, bene et in pace 

1 See Glossary. - Sic. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.R 1253 16 

the Baptist next following ; and by Philip de Columbers, son of the said 
Philip, quittance was had of all the said debt of £340 for £130, whereof 
he was to make payment at the terms following, to wit, £15 on the quin- 
dene of St. Hilary in the 44th year of the reign, and £15 on the quindene 
of St. John the Baptist next following, and so year by year, term by 
term, £30 a year at the said terms until the end of the payment of 
the said debt of £130; and for the said acquittance the said Philip, 
son of the said Philip, gave 100 marks, which he, Aaron, received, and 
of which he, Philip, is quit ; therefore he, Aaron, acknowledged, that 
neither he nor his heirs may aught exact or claim on account of all the 
said debt of £340, except £130 by payment at the said terms ; and it 
is conceded that when the said Philip, father of the said Philip, shall 
come to London, and shall desire to change his charter, and make a 
new charter for £130 at the said, terms, and to place it in the 
London Chirograph-Chest according to the Custom of Jewry, then 
the said Aaron is bound to withdraw from the Chirograph-Chest the 
said chirograph for £340, and return it quit to the said Philip. This 
starr was made on the Monday next after the Ascension of the Lord. 

Know all present and to come, that I, Aaron, son of Abraham, Jew, 
of London, have given, granted, quitclaimed and by my present charter 
assured to Geoffrey Godard, citizen of London, 6 marcates and 19 
denariates of yearly quit-rent in the City of London, to be gotten in the 
places underwritten; to wit, from the land, plot and house which Warner 
de Walbrook held in the parish of St. Stephen, 10s., and from the land, 
plot and house which Richard Marshall held in the same parish, 8s. l|d., 
and from the land, plot and house which James Le Mazeliner holds in 
the same parish, 10s. l^d., and from all the land, plot and houses in 
the parish of St. Peter Parvus, 1 London, being between Daneborgate 
towards the East and the land of John Parson towards the West, and 
extending from King Street towards the North and to the Thames 
towards the South, 4 marcates, to wit, from the land, plot, houses 
and quay which Henry de Hamme holds, 2 marcates, and from the 
land, plot, houses and quay which William Le Cuner holds, 2 mar- 
cates (and be it known, that the said 6 marcates and 19 denariates 
are payable at the four principal terms of the year) to have and to 
hold to the said Geoffrey and his heirs, and to whomsoever he shall 
give, demise, bequeath or assign them, and their heirs, of me and my 
heirs in fee and inheritance, freely, quietly, well and in peace for ever ; 

1 St. Peter's, Paul's Wharf. Stow, Survey of London, ed. Strype, Book iii. 114. 

D 



17 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

in perpetuum ; reddendo inde annuatim Andree de La Breth' unum 
denarium, vel unum par cirothecarum albarum, ad Pascha, vel here- 
dibus suis, et Laurentio, filio Willelmi, filii Benedicti, vel heredibus 
suis, duos denarios per annum ad Pascha, pro omnibus servitiis, con- 
suetudinibus et demandis, et rebus cunctis sine occasione aliqua; 
ita tamen quod ego, Aaron predictus, nee heredes mei nee aliquis per 
nos vel pro nobis, aliquid in dictis sex marcatis et novemdecim dena- 
riatis annui et quieti redditus exigere, capere, habere nee clamare 
poterimus in perpetuum. Et ad majorem hujus carte securitatem 
ego, Aaron predictus, pro me et heredibus meis, sursum reddidimus 
et restituimus dicto Galfrido omnes cartas quas habui penes me super 
predictis sex marcatis et novemdecim denariatis annui et quieti 
redditus, confectas de dicto Andrea et Willelmo de Marny, cum omnibus 
viribus suis. Pro hac autem donacione, concessione, dimissione et 
quieta clamancia, et presentis carte confirmacione, dedit michi predic- 
tus Galfridus quinquaginta et quinque marcas argenti in gersumam. 
In cujus rei testimonium presentem cartam meo sigillo sigillavi, 
hiis testibus : Dominis Willelmo Le Breton, Johanne de Wyvill, 
Simone Passelewe, Justiciariis ad custodiam Judeonmi assignatis ; 
Johanne de Tolossano, tunc Majore Londonie, et Willelmo de Donholm 
et Thoma de Wimborn', Vicecomitibus Londonie ; Adam de Basinges, 
alderman ; Thoma filio Bicardi, alderman, et Alexandro Le Ferun, 
alderman ; Thoma de Donholm, alderman ; Odone, fabro ; Johanne 
Adrion, draperio ; Willelmo filio Bogeri ; Austino de Hadestok' ; 
Beginaldo Le Bucher ; Jolano, filio Thome de Donelm ; Willelmo 
de H . . . . ; Badulfo de Cantuaria, clerico, et aliis. 1 



PLACITA A DIE PASCHE IN QUINDECIM DIES. 
Rot 6, m. 2. Diaie, filius Soleil, Judeus, Wintonie, fecit summonere Henricum de 

Sutn. m 

Farligth', Vicecomitem Suthamtescire, de placito, quod ei reddat nij 
coclearia de precio iiij s., unam robam de precio j m.. unam capam de 
bluueto 1 de precio iiij s., unam ollam eneam de precio v s., unum 

1 See Glossary. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1253 17 

paying thereout yearly to Andrew de La Breth' or his heirs, Id., or 
one pair of white gloves, at Easter, and to Laurence, son of William, 
son of Benedict, or his heirs, 2d. a year at Easter, in lieu of all services, 
customs and demands, and all matters whatsoever without any let ; so 
nevertheless that neither I, the said Aaron, nor my heirs, nor any one 
through us or for us, may aught exact, take, have or claim in the said 
G marcates and 19 denariates of yearly quit-rent for ever. And for the 
greater security of this charter I, the said Aaron, for me and my heirs, 
have surrendered and restored to the said Geoffrey all the charters 
which I had touching the said 6 marcates and 19 denariates of yearly 
quit-rent, made touching the said Andrew and William de Marny, with 
all their powers. For this gift, grant, demise and quitclaim, and the 
assurance thereof hy the present charter, the said Geoffrey has given 
me 55 marks of silver by way of fine. In witness whereof I have 
sealed this present charter with my seal, in the presence of the follow- 
ing witnesses : to wit, Sir William Le Breton, Sir John de Wyvill, Sir 
Simon Passelewe, Justices assigned to the custody of the Jews ; John 
de Tolossan, then Mayor of London, and William de Donholm and 
Thomas de Wimborne, Sheriffs of London ; Adam de Basinges, 
alderman ; Thomas FitzKichard, alderman, and Alexander Le Ferun, 
alderman ; Thomas de Donholm, alderman ; Odo, smith ; John Adrion, 
draper ; William FitzRoger ; Austin of Hadstock ; Reginald Butcher ; 
Jolan, son of Thomas of Donelm ; William of H .... ; Ralph of 
Canterbury, clerk, and others. 1 



PLEAS OF EASTER QUINDENE. 

Diaia, son of Soleil, Jew, of Winchester, caused summon Henry 
de Farley, Sheriff of Hampshire, touching a plea, that he should 
return him four spoons of the value of 4s., a robe of the value of 
1 mark, a cape of bluet of the value of 4s., a brazen pot of the 

1 Aaron, son of Abraham, was the recog- III., m. G, 7; 44 Hen. HI., m. 9. The 

nised ' socius ' or associate of the Chief name of the Lord Mayor, which is sonie- 

Eabbi at the Exchequer, where at this date what puzzling, but suggests that his 

only three other Jews, Abraham, son of ancestors came from Toulouse, is given as 

Vives, who succeeded Abraham, son of Tulesan in De Antiq. Leg. (Camden Soc.) 

Muriel, as ' clericus Regis ' in 1249, Jacob p. 18. Donholm may perhaps be identified 

le Eveske, and Jacob, son of Fiuria, were with Downham, Norfolk, and Donelm is 

permitted to hold subordinate office. probably a mere variant for Dunelm, 

He was thus a person of some civic Durham, 
consequence. Hot. Lit. Claus. 38 Hen. 



i.i bis. solv' 






18 SCACCAIMUM JUDEOEUM 

librum Ebraicum qui vocatur Gamaliel, de precio xx s., Glozas cle 
Quinque Libris Moysis de precio v s., unum ciphum de mazre de 
precio v s., et unum librum continentem Quinque Libros Moysis, 
sicut etc. ; que omnia dictus Diaie tradidit dicto Henrico pro tallagio 
suo, quod Domino Eegi debuit, ad Quadragesimam anno xxxvj t0 , unde 
ei postea satisfecit ; et que omnia predicta dictus Fenricus ei injuste 
detinet ad dampnum suum, c s. 

Et dictus Henricus venit et defendit vim etc. et quandam 
veritatem recognoscit ; que talis est, quod dictus Judeus in arreragio 
tenebatur de xxxij s. iiij d. occasione tallagii sui de terminis prius 
preteritis, et insimul de xxv s. ad dictam Quadragesimam ; unde 
postea satisfecit, et nondum de predictis xxxij s. iiij d., pro quibus dicta 
vadia ei tradidit custodienda et vendenda nisi inde satisfaceret ad 
diem in quodam starro contentum inde Yicecomiti predicto facto, 
preter unum librum de Quinque Libris Moysis de precio x s., quern 
cepit pro tallagio Bonevie de Nyweb', qui tallatus fuit in dimidia 
marca, unde nondum satisfecit. Et dictus Henricus, Vicecomes, 
protulit starrum in quo continebatur, quod dictus Judeus predicta 
vadia ei spontanea voluntate sua dicta vadia tradidit ad vendendum 
nisi ei satisfecisset ad festum S. Trinitatis anno etc. xxxvj t0 de xxvj s. 
Et Judeus venit, et recognovit se fecisse dictum starrum, set ad illud 
faciendum compulsus fuit per Vicecomitem predictum ; super quo 
optulit sectam ; qui examinati fuerunt, et inde testimonium perbibere 
noluerunt. Ideo ad judicium, quod Judeus pro falso clamore in 
misericordia, ct pro falso testimonio quod optulit super Vicecomitis 
summonicionem corpus ejus committitur in prisonam. Postea 



ct (,11101- ct. fi niv ifc p er c | uo bisancia, que solvit, et quietus est. 



Willelmus de Insula fecit venire Abrabam Eussell, Judeum, 
Wiltonie, ad compotum cum eodem Willelmo de debito quod ab eo 
exigere poterit occasione terrarum Eogeri de Molendino in Mannesbrig', 
quas tenet. Et dictus Abraham venit et protulit unum cirographum 
de viij m. confectum sub nomine suo et dicti Eogeri, reddendis ad 
Pascha anno etc. xxxvj t0 ; actum in vigilia Apostolorum Philippi et 
Jacobi anno xxxv t0 . Et per istud cirographum exigit dictus Abraham 
totum dictum debitum cum lucro super dictas terras. Et Willelmus 
venit et dixit, quod ad istud debitum non tenetur respondere, eo quod 
ipse ante dictum actum de dictis terris in Mannesbrig' fuit feofatus ; 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1253 IS 

value of 5s., a Hebrew book entitled Gamaliel of the value of 20s., 
Glosses on the Five Books of Moses of the value of 5s., a bowl of 
mazer- wood of the value of 5s., and a book containing the Five Books 
of Moses, as etc. ; all which chattels the said Diaia delivered to the 
said Henry in Lent in the 36th year of the reign, as gages for the 
talliage which he owed our Lord the King, and which he afterwards 
paid ; and all which chattels the said Henry unlawfully detains 
against him, to his damage, 100s. 

And the said Henry comes and defends the force etc. and 
acknowledges a certain truth in the claim ; to wit, that in Lent 
aforesaid the Jew owed an arrear of 32s. 4d. on account of talliages of 
times past, and also 25s. which then fell due ; which he has since 
paid, but has not yet paid the 32s. 4d., for which he delivered to him 
the said gages to be kept and sold if he should make default in 
payment at the time contained in a starr made thereof to him, 
the said Sheriff, besides a book of the Five Books of Moses of the 
value of 10s., which he took as gage for the talliage of Bonevie of 
Newbury, who was talliaged in ^ mark, and has not yet paid it. 
And the said Henry, Sheriff, produced a starr in which it was con- 
tained, that the said Jew of his own free will delivered the said gages 
to him to be sold in default of payment of 26s. at the feast of Holy 
Trinity in the 36th year of the reign. And the Jew came, and 
acknowledged that he made the said starr, but alleged that he was 
forced to make it by the said Sheriff, and in proof thereof offered 
suit. And the witnesses were examined, and would not bear testimony 
thereof. So to judgment, that the Jew is in mercy for a false claim, 
and for the false witness which he brought upon his summons of the 
Sheriff his body is committed to prison. He afterwards made fine in 
two bezants, which he paid, and is quit. 

William de Lisle brought Abraham Russell, Jew, of Wilton, to 
account touching a debt demandable by him of the said William as 
incident upon the lands of Roger of the Mill in Malmesbury, which he 
holds. And the said Abraham came and produced a chirograph made 
under the names of himself and the said Boger for 8 marks, payable 
at Easter in the 36th year of the reign ; dated on the vigil of the 
Apostles Philip and James in the 35th year. And by this chirograph 
the said Abraham demands all the said debt with interest upon gage 
of the said lands. And William came and said, that he is not bound 
to answer this debt, because he was himself enfeoffed of the said 
lands in Malmesbury before the said deed was made, and that, how- 



Sutli 



19 SCACCARIUM JUDEOEUM 

et hide se posuit super inquisicionem patrie, et super Cirographarios 
Wiltonie, quod istud cirographum, qualitercumque fuit factum, nondum 
appositum fuit in Arclia Cirographorum, nisi post feofamentura suum 
eideni Willelrno factum. Ideo preceptum est, quod fiat inquisicio per 
patriam de feofamento predicto ; et preceptum est Cirographariis, 
quod ipsi ad eundem diem scire faciant, quo die dictum cirographum 
fuit in Archa Cirographorum appositum. Et veniat inquisicio in 
octabis S. Trinitatis. Ad diem venit de predicto feofamento in- 
quisicio, et Abraham predictus non venit. Ideo preceptum est, quod 
Vicecomes venire faciat ipsum Abraham in octabis S. Michaelis ad 
audiendum recordum et judicium etc. Et dictus Willelmus ponit loco 
suo Johannem Le Yres ; et insimul dictus Judeus sit responsurus 
quare non servavit etc. 



A DIE PASCHE IN TRES SEPTIMANAS. 

5. Thomas, filius Thome de Cherlecote, per breve de compoto venire 

fecit Licoriciam, Judeam, Wintonie, ad compotum cum eodem Thoma 
de debito patris sui ; et preceptum fuit Licoricie quod haberet ciro- 
grapha, taillias, per que etc. Que venit et protulit unum cirographum, 
sub nomine suo et predicti Thome confectum, de cccc 1., reddendis ad 
festum S. Michaelis anno etc. xxxviij . Et pro hoc termino dictarum 
cccc 1. habendo dabit ei infra sex annos precedentes singulis anni3 xx m. 
ad duos anni terminos, videlicet, ad Pascha anno etc. xxxiij x m., et 
ad festum S. Michaelis x m., et sic de anno in annum et termino in 
terminum usque ad finem dictorum sex annorum, quolibet anno xx m. 
ad duos terminos predictos ; et si aliquem terminum preterierit, dabit 
singulis septimanis ei ij d. de lucro ad libram pro terminis quos ha- 
bere poterit ; et eodem modo, si terminum dictarum cccc 1. preterierit, 
dabit ei singulis septimanis ij d. de lucro ad libram pro terminis quos 
habere poterit ; et si ita contigerit quod infra sex annos predictos 
decesserit, xl diebus post obi turn suum elapsis licebit dicte Licoricie 
recuperare totum debitum predictum cccc 1. super heredes suos sine 
collacione alicujus termini, et eos distringere pro dicto debito, 
fenerando libra qualibet septimana ij d. pro terminis quos inde 
habere poterunt. Et ideo invadiavit omnes terras suas, redditus et 
catalla, que prius fuerant vadia sua pro quodam debito ix xx 1., quod 
nunquam fuit acquietatum ; uncle debitum istud emergit ; videlicet, 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, AT). 1253 19 

ever it may have been made, it was not placed in the Chirograph- 
Chest until after the feoffment made to him, William ; and as to this 
he put himself upon inquest of the country and upon the Chiro- 
graphers of Wilton. It is therefore ordered, that an inquest of the 
country be had touching that feoffment, and that the Chirographers 
do on the same day certify the day on which the said chirograph was 
placed in the Chest. And let the inquest come on the octave of Holy 
Trinity. On the day appointed the inquest touching the said feoff- 
ment came, but the said Abraham did not come. It is therefore ordered, 
that the Sheriff do cause Abraham to come on the octave of St. Michael 
to hear the record and the judgment etc. And the said William puts 
in his place John Le Yres ; and let the said Jew be ready at the 
same time to answer why he did not keep his day etc. 



EASTER THREE WEEKS. 

Thomas, son of Thomas de Charlecote, by writ of account brought 
Licorice, Jewess, of Winchester, to account with the said Thomas 
touching a debt of his father ; and Licorice was ordered that she have 
with her the chirographs and tallies, by which etc. Licorice came 
and produced a chirograph, made under her own name and the name 
of the said Thomas, for £400, payable on the feast of St. Michael in 
the 38th year of the reign. And in the chirograph it is contained, that 
for this term of payment of the said £400 he is to give her during the 
preceding six years 20 marks a year, at two terms of the year, to wit, 
10 marks at Easter and 10 marks at Michaelmas in the 33rd year, 
and so year by year and term by term to the end of the said six years, 
every year 20 marks at the two said terms ; and should he miss any 
term, then he is to give her every week 2d. on the pound interest for 
such terms as he may have ; and in like manner, should he miss the 
term of payment of the said £400, he is to give her every week 2d. on 
the pound interest for such terms as he may have ; and should it so 
happen that he die during the said six years, then, after the lapse of 
forty days from his death, it shall be lawful for the said Licorice to 
recover all the said debt of £400 from his heirs, no further term being 
allowed; and to distrain them for the said debt, taking interest 
thereon at the rate of 2d. on the pound a week for such terms as they 
may have in regard thereto. And so in gage therefor he gave her all 
his lands, rents and chattels, which had already been given her in gage 
for a debt of £180, which was never acquit ; from which debt this debt 



20 SCACCAEIUM JUDEORUM 

de anno regni Regis Henrici etc. xxxj ; et hoc pro se et heredibus 
suis affidavit, et sigillo suo confirmavit : actum in vigilia Exaltacionis 
S. Crucis anno etc. xxxij . Et iterum aliud cirographum profert de 
lxl. etc., reddendo inde ad Pascha anno xxxiij xll., et ad festum 
S. Michaelis proximo sequens xxl. ; et in eodem cirographo continetur, 
quod si dictus Thomas tunc non reddiderit, dabit singulis septimanis 
ij d. de lucro ad libram pro terminis quos habere poterit. Et propter 
hoc invadiavit omnes terras suas, redditus et catalla, et hoc ei affidavit 
et heredibus suis pro se et heredibus suis, et sigillo suo confirmavit : 
actum in crastino Exaltacionis S. Crucis anno etc. xxxij . 

Et predicta Licoricia de Thoma, filio Thome de Cherlecote, dicta 
debita in duobus cirographis contenta cum lucro exigit, salvo tamen 
quod ipsa eidem Thome allocabit omne illud quod perceperit de bonis 
et catallis dicti Thome, clebitoris sui, post mortem ipsius Thome, in 
seisina quam habuit de terris et catallis ipsius Thome pro predictis 
debitis. 

Et idem Thomas venit et dicit, quod ad cirographum cccc 1. non 
tenetur respondere, quia in eodem cirographo continetur, quod dictum 
debitum cccc 1. emergit de quodam debito ix xx 1. quod nunquam fuit 
acquietatum, videlicet, de anno etc. xxxj ; et dictum cirographum 
ccccl. confectum fuit in vigilia Exaltacionis etc. anno etc. xxxij , et in 
tarn parvo tempore de ix xx 1. emergere non potuerunt cccc 1., desicut 
pro libra Judeus secundum Statuta Judaismi percipere non potest 
nisi tantummodo ij d. de lucro pro terminis quos habere poterit, et sic 
istud cirographum contra Statuta predicta restat confectum ; unde 
petit sibi judicium etc. 

Ad hoc responsum fuit per dictam Licoriciam, quod modo debito 
confectum est dictum cirographum, quum illud confectum fuit in 
vigilia Exaltacionis S. Crucis anno etc. xxxij , et terminus solucionis 
de dictis cccc 1. solvendis restat ad festum S. Michaelis anno etc. 
xxxviij , et sic de dictis ix xx 1. reddendis anno xxxj cum lucro inde 
emergere potuerunt cccc 1. infra predictum tempus per ij d. de lucro 
singulis septimanis per annum. 

Ad hoc responsum fuit per dictum Thomam, quod dictum ciro- 
graphum debito modo non est confectum, desicut in eodem cirographo 
continetur, quod dictus Thomas debet dicte Licoricie dictas cccc 1. 
reddendas ad festum S. Michaelis anno predicto, et insimul in eodem 
cirographo continetur, quod si dictus Thomas infra sex annos decesserit, 
qui in anno xxxiij decessit, tunc bene licebit dicte Licoricie xl diebus 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.I). 1253 20 

arises, to wit, in the 31st year of the reign of King Henry etc. ; and 
thereto for himself and his heirs he pledged faith and confirmed the 
same by his seal ; under date the vigil of the Exaltation of the Holy 
Cross in the 32nd year of the reign. And she also produces another 
chirograph, for £60 etc., whereof he was to pay £40 at Easter in the 
33rd year and £20 at Michaelmas next following ; and in the same 
chirograph it is contained, that should the said Thomas make default 
in payment, he is to give every week 2d. on the pound interest for the 
terms which he may have. And so he gave in gage all his lands, rents 
and chattels, and to her and her heirs pledged faith for himself and 
his heirs, and confirmed it by his seal : under date the morrow of the 
Exaltation of the Holy Cross in the 32nd year of the reign. 

And the said Licorice demands of Thomas, son of Thomas de 
Charlecote, the said debts contained in the two chirographs with 
interest, so nevertheless that she will allow the said Thomas in 
account whatsoever she may have gotten of the goods and chattels of 
the said Thomas, her debtor, since his death, during the seisin which 
she has had of his lands and chattels for the said debts. 

And the said Thomas comes and says, that he is not bound to 
answer the debt of £400, because in the chirograph in which it is 
contained, it is also contained, that the said debt of £400 arises from 
a debt of £180 which was never acquit, to wit, from a debt of the 31st 
year of the reign ; and the said chirograph for £400 was made on the 
vigil of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross in the 32nd year of the reign, 
and in so brief a time £400 could not arise from £180, inasmuch as 
by the Statutes of Jewry a Jew cannot take more than 2d. on the 
pound interest for the terms which he may have, and so this chirograph 
is made against the said Statutes ; wherefore he craves judgment, etc. 

To this the said Licorice made answer, that the said chirograph 
is duly made, since it was made on the vigil of the Exaltation of the 
Holy Cross in the 32nd year of the reign, and the term of payment 
of the said £400 is Michaelmas in the 38th year of the reign, and so 
from the said £180 payable with interest in the 31st year there might 
arise within the said time, by interest at the rate by the year of 2d. 
on the pound a week, a debt of £400. 

To this the said Thomas made answer that the said chirograph is 
not duly made, inasmuch as in the said chirograph it is contained, 
that the said Thomas owes the said Licorice the said £400 payable at 
Michaelmas in the said year, and also in the said chirograph it is 
contained, that should the said Thomas die within six years (and the 
said Thomas died in the 33rd year) then it shall be lawful for the 



21 SCACCAEIUM JUDEORTTM 

elapsis post obituni suuru recuperare totum predictum debituni cccc 1. 
super heredes suos, cum illud debituni emergere non potuit de dicto 
debito ix xx L, licet sic continetur in eodem cirographo. Et iterum in 
eodein cirographo continetur, quod pro termino dictarum cccc I. 
habendo daret dictus Thomas dicte Judee infra sex annos precedentes 
singulis annis xx m. ad duos anni terminos, prout in dicto cirographo 
continetur, usque ad finem vj annorum, et si aliquem terminum de 
dictis terminis preterisset, daret singulis septimanis ij d. de lucro, 
quod quidem in eodem cirographo continetur de dictis cccc 1., et sic 
usurant dicte xx m., que sunt de lucro, ac si essent de sorte, quod 
est contra Statuta Judaismi. 

Insimul responsum fuit per dictum Thomam, quod cito postquam 
fuit dictum cirographum confectum, maliciose interfectus fuit dictus 
Thomas, quod factum dicta Licoricia imposuit super Thomam de 
Cherlecote, senescallum dicti Thome, qui habuit in custodia sua 
sigillum ejusdem Thome, et qui quidem Thomas dictum cirographum 
fieri fecit ea occasione ut ipsa Licoricia ei pacem hide habere permitte- 
ret ; et hoc ad heredes dicti Thome exheritandos fecit ; unde idem 
Thomas in Curia Domini Eegis pro dicto sigillo in custodia sua detento 
implacitatus fuit; qui illud parumper ante Natale Domini anno 
xxxvij reddit ; et idem Thomas cum dicta Licoricia stetit in seisina 
quam habuit de terris dicti Thome tanquam serviens suus ; et quod 
istud sit veruni dat dictus Thomas Domino Eegi dim. m. auri, 
quod Veritas hide possit attingi, et quod clericus cirograph' venire 
poterit coram Justiciariis, qui dictum cirographum scripsit, videlicet, 
Petrus, una cum aliis clericis cirograph' et Custodibus Arche Ciro- 
graphorum Wintonie, ad veritatem attingendam ; et recipitur. 

Ad cirographum lx 1. responsum fuit per dictum Thomam, quod 
debituni illud contradicere non potuit : set dicta Licoricia seisinam de 
terris et catallis ad festum S. Michaelis anno xxxiij cepit, et huc- 
usque est in seisina de eisdem terris pro xx 1., quas exigebat de dictis 
lx 1. ; et per prisas quas ipsa in seisina sua percepit quietus est dictus 
Thomas de predicto debito lxl., quum magis superant prise per ipsam 
facte quam ad valenciam lx 1., et pro tarn parvo cepit seisinam ad 
decepcionem, pro bisanciis etc. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, AD. 1253 21 

said Licorice, after the lapse of forty days from his decease, to recover 
all the said debt of ^400 from his heirs, whereas that debt could not 
arise from the said debt of £180, though it is so contained in the said 
chirograph. And again in the said chirograph it is contained, that 
for having the term of payment of the said £400 the said Thomas 
should give the said Jewes3 during the six years preceding 20 marks 
at two terms of the year, as it is contained in the said chirograph, to 
the end of the six years, and that, should he miss any one of the said 
terms, he should give interest at the rate of 2d. on the pound a week, 
the same rate which is contained in the said chirograph for the said 
£400, and so the said 20 marks, which are interest, bear interest as if 
they were principal, which is against the Statutes of Jewry. 

The said Thomas also made answer, that shortly after l the said 
chirograph was made, the said Thomas, his father, was maliciously put 
to death, which deed the said Licorice laid to the charge of Thomas 
of Charlecote, the said Thomas's seneschal, who had the said Thomas's 
seal in his custody, and caused the said chirograph to be made to the 
end that Licorice might leave him in peace, and to the disherison of the 
heirs of the said Thomas ; wherefore the said Thomas the seneschal 
was impleaded in our Lord the King's Court for detinue of the said 
seal, and surrendered it shortly before Christmas in the 37th year of 
the reign ; and the said Thomas the seneschal had the seisin which 
he had with the said Licorice of the lands of the said Thomas as his 
Serjeant ; and as to this the said Thomas gives our Lord the King 
■i mark of gold, that the truth thereof may be attaint, and that the 
chirograph-clerk may come before the Justices, to wit, Peter, who 
wrote the chirograph, with the other chirograph -clerks and the 
Keepers of the Chirograph-Chest of Winchester, that the truth may be 
attaint ; and it is accepted. 

As to the chirograph for £60 the said Thomas made answer, that 
he could not deny that debt, but that the said Licorice took seisin of 
the lands and chattels at Michaelmas in the 33rd year of the reign, 
and is still seised thereof for £20, which she demanded on account 
of the said £60 : and by the prises which, being so seised, she has 
taken the said Thomas is quit of the said debt of £60, since the 
prises so taken by her greatly exceed the value of £60 ; and he adds 
that she took seisin for so small a sum fraudulently by reason of the 
bezants etc. 2 

1 This is evidently ironical. The sugges- her claim as only £20 in order that she 
tion is that the chirograph was forged after might have the less poundage to pay to 
the murder. the King. See Introduction, p. xxxv. 

2 He means that Licorice represented 



22 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

Et Licoricia venit et bene recognovit, quod ipsa cepit seisinam cle 
predictis terris pro predicto debito, set in seisina sua nondum cepit 
nisi xxx 1. Et dictus Thomas super hoc petiit judicium, desicut 
recognovit se recepisse dicta Licoricia xxx 1. et dictam seisinam 
nondum cepit nisi pro xx 1., et postea pro eisdem xx 1., ut predictum 
est, in seisina de predictis terris restat contra etc. Ad hoc responsum 
fuit per dictam Licoriciam, quod per breve Domini Kegis factum ad 
Scaccarium Judeorum et per litteras Domini Eegis patentes hucusque 
est in seisina de dictis terris, quam cepit super custodem, et pro 
litteris patentibus habendis dedit ilia bisancia Domino Eegi, que 
solvisse debuit ad Scaccarium ; set quo anno cepit dictam seisinam, 
hoc nescivit dicta Licoricia. 

Ad predictam seisinam responsum fuit per dictum Thomam, quod 
nusquam cepit predictam seisinam super custodem suum, set protinus 
ad festum S. Michaelis predictum post mortem patris sui cepit pre- 
dictam seisinam quam habet; unde petit judicium etc. Et quia de 
dicto anno dicta Judea nescivit veritatem, ideo preceptum est Vice- 
comiti Warrewic', quod per sacramentum xij liberorum etc. inquirat 
quid et quantum dicte terre in Cherlecote valeant per annum, et quid 
et quantum dictus Thomas in villa de Cherlecote habuit in dominicis 
redditibus et villenagiis serviciis, et quid valeant per annum, salvo 
servicio dominorum feodi ; inquirat eciam quo anno dicta Judea 
cepit dictam seisinam ; et veniat inquisicio in octabis S. Trinitatis ; 
et Vicecomes habeat ad eundem diem breve Domini Eegis si quod 
recepit ad dictam seisinam faciendam ; et eundem diem habet 
suth. ct Licoricia de litteris suis patentibus habendis. Plegii, Hak' de 
Wigornia et Mosseus Herefordie. Et ad eundem diem preceptum 
est, quod Cirographarii et clerici cirograph' Wintonie veniant ad 
certificandum Justiciarios de dicto cirographo cccc 1. confecto, et 
ad respondendum eisdem Justiciariis super hiis unde ipsi eos ex 
parte Domini Eegis convenirent, et quod ipsi habeant similiter 
omnia cirographa, tallias etc. sub nomine dicti Thome in Archa Ciro- 
graphorum inventa. Ad diem venit dicta Licoricia, et protulit litteras 
Domini Eegis patentes in hec verba :-— Henricus, Dei gratia etc. 
omnibus ballivis et fidelibus suis, ad quos presentes littere pervenerint, 
salutem : — Sciatis quod concessimus Licoricie, Judee, de Wintonia, 
quod habeat plenam seisinam de omnibus terris, redditibus et tene- 
mentis, que fuerunt Thome de Cherlecote, que sunt vadia ipsius 



Warr. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1253 22 

And Licorice came and admitted, that she took seisin of the 
said lands for the said debt, but denied that, being so seised, she 
has yet taken more than £30. And the said Thomas thereupon 
craved judgment, for that the said Licorice acknowledged that she 
took the said seisin for only £20, and had received £30, and is still 
seised of the said lands for the same £20 against etc. To this the 
said Licorice made answer, that she was and is seised of the lands by 
virtue of our Lord the King's writ made at the Exchequer of the Jews 
and our Lord the King's letters patent, having taken seisin over a 
guardian, and that she gave bezants to our Lord the King to have 
the letters patent, and must have paid the bezants at the Exchequer ; 
but she could not say in what year she took the said seisin. 

As to the said seisin the said Thomas made answer, that she 
certainly did not take it over his guardian, but took the seisin 
which she has at Michaelmas aforesaid, straightway after the 
death of his father ; and as to that he craves judgment etc. 
And as the said Jewess could not speak with exactitude as to 
the said year, therefore the Sheriff of Warwickshire is commanded 
that by the oath of twelve free men, etc. he inquire what and 
how much the said lands in Charlecote may be worth by the year, 
and what and how much the said Thomas had in the vill of 
Charlecote in demesne rents and villan services, and what they may 
be worth by the year, saving the service of the lords of the fee ; and 
that he do also inquire in what year the said Jewess took the said 
seisin ; and let the said inquest come on the octave of Holy Trinity ; 
and let the Sheriff have on the same day our Lord the King's writ if 
he received any writ to effect the said seisin ; and Licorice has the 
same day to have her letters patent. Pledges, Hak of Worcester and 
Moses of Hereford. And it is commanded, that on the same day the 
Chirographers and the chirograph-clerks of Winchester do come to 
certify the Justices of the making of the said chirograph for £400, 
and to answer to the same Justices touching the matters for which 
the Justices may convene them on the part of our Lord the King, and 
that they do likewise have all the chirographs, tallies etc. found in 
the Chirograph -Chest under the name of the said Thomas. On the 
day appointed came the said Licorice, and produced letters patent of 
our Lord the King to the effect following : — Henry, by God's grace, 
etc. to all his bailiffs and lieges, to whom the present letters may 
come, greeting : — Know that We have granted to Licorice, Jewess, of 
Winchester, that she have full seisin of all the lands, rents and 
tenements which belonged to Thomas de Charlecote, which she, 



23 SCACCAKIUM JUDEORUM 

Licoricie, et quod inde non disseisietur donee debita que ei debentur 
super ea ei plene reddantur, vel per judicium Curie Domini Eegis inde 
fuerit disseisita. In cujus rei testimonium dictas litteras dicte 
Licoricie fieri fecimus patentes. Teste ipso Eege apud Westmona- 
sterium, xxviij die Jan. anno regni ejusdem xxxiiij . 

Eequisitum fuit a predicta Licoricia, utrum ipsa ceperit seisinam 
predictam pro debito cccc I. et pro debito lx 1. vel pro parte ; que 
respondit, quod pro toto debito predicto per dictas litteras patentes. 
Ad hoc responsum fuit per dictum Thomam, quod in primis per dictas 
litteras predictam seisinam non habuit, prout continetur in inquisicione 
facta assensu utriusque partis, quum ipsa cepit dictam seisinam pro 
xx 1., sicut supra continetur, et in eadem inquisicione continetur, quod 
ipsa habuit dictam seisinam ad festum S. Andree Apostoli anno etc. 
xxxiiij , et in eadem seisina cepit de bonis et catallis dicti Thome 
c 1. vj s. et vij d. ; et terre dicti Thome valent per annum xx 1., salvo 
servicio etc. ; que omnia dictus Thomas sibi petit allocari, et quod 
ipsa respondeat Domino Kegi de bisanciis, que superant ad xlvj 1. ad 
minus per recognicionem dicte Licoricie, desicut habuit seisinam, ut 
dicit, pro toto debito predicto, et in primis recognovit quod seisinam 
non habuit nisi pro xx 1., et desicut in predicta seisina impetravit 
dicta Licoricia predictas litteras patentes ac si non esset in aliqua 
seisina. Ad diem venerunt Cirographarii et recognoverunt super 
sacramentum suum, quod dictus Thomas de Cherlecote venit apud 
Wintoniam, et fieri fecit dicta cirographa, que ipsi protulerunt coram 
Justiciariis ; scilicet, Johannes Edgar, Petrus, clericus cirograph', 
Benedictus de Herefordia, et Deulegard Exonie ; set Hugo Silves- 
ter, qui fuit cirographarius, nuper obiit. Eequisitum fuit si dictus 
Petrus predicta cirographa scripsit, et idem Petrus hoc concessit. 
Eequisitum fuit de eodem, quare ilia scripsit contra Statuta Judaismi ; 
qui dixit, quod ilia scripsit per quoddam exemplar quod Licoricia in 
manibus suis protulit. Eequisitum fuit a dictis Cirographariis, quare 
ipsi dicta cirographa confecta contra Statuta Judaismi in Archa Ciro- 
graphorum posuerunt ; qui dixerunt, quod per tradicionem dicti Thome 
et dicti Petri, clerici, et coram eis lecta non fuerunt antequam in Archa 
predicta fuerunt apposita etc. ; postea venit predictus Thomas plene 
etatis, et petiit seisinam de terris quondam patris sui, de quibus dicta 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1253 23 

Licorice, has as gages, and that she be not thereof disseised until the 
debts which are due to her upon them be fully paid her, or she be 
thereof disseised by judgment of the King's Court. In witness 
whereof We have caused the said letters patent to be made for behoof 
of the said Licorice. Witness the King himself at Westminster, on 
the 28th clay of January in the 34th year of his reign. 

The said Licorice was asked, whether she took the said seisin for 
the two debts of £400 and £60 or for a part thereof ; and she answered, 
that she took seisin for the whole of the said debt by the said letters 
patent. To this the said Thomas made answer, that it was not by 
the said letters patent that she had the said seisin in the first instance 
(and so it is recorded in the inquest taken by consent of both parties), 
since she took the said seisin for £20 (and so it is recorded as above) , 
and in the said inquest it is recorded, that she had the said seisin on 
the feast of St. Andrew the Apostle in the 34th year of the reign, 
and being so seised she took of the goods and chattels of the said 
Thomas £100 6s. 7d. ; and the lands of the said Thomas are of the 
yearly value of £20, saving the service of the lords of the fee ; all 
which the said Thomas craves may be allowed in his favour, and 
that she may answer to our Lord the King for the bezants, which 
amount to £46 at the least by the admission of the said Licorice, 
seeing that she had seisin, as she says, for the whole debt, and in 
the first instance she acknowledged that she was seised for no more 
than £20, and seeing that, being so seised, she sued out the said 
letters patent as if she were not seised at all. On the day appointed 
the Chirographers came and acknowledged upon their oath, that the 
said Thomas de Charlecote came to Winchester, and there caused to 
be made the said chirographs, which they produced before the 
Justices. The Chirographers were John Edgar, Peter, chirograph- 
clerk, Benedict of Hereford, and Deulegard of Exeter (Hugh Silves- 
ter, formerly chirographer, was recently dead). It was asked 
whether the said Peter wrote the said chirographs, and the said Peter 
admitted that he had done so. He was also asked how he came to 
write them against the Statutes of Jewry, and he answered that he 
wrote them after an exemplar which Licorice handed to him. The 
said Chirographers were asked how they came to place the said chiro- 
graphs made against the Statutes of Jewry in the Chirograph-Chest, 
and they said that they did so on delivery by the said Thomas and 
the said Peter, the clerk, and that they were not read in their presence 
before they were placed in the said Chest etc. ; and afterwards the said 
Thomas came of full age, and claimed seisin of the lands which were 



24 SCACCAEIUM JUDEOEUM 

Licoricia cepit seisinani, sicut ipsa supra recognovit, videlicet super 
custodem suum, pro xx 1. de debito dicti Thome, dum fait infra etatem. 
Super quibus adjudicatum fuit, quod dictus Thomas de predictis terris 
habeat plenam seisinam, salvo tamen quod dicta Licoricia habeat 
omnia blada sua super dictas terras seminata, et instaurum suum, 
cum omnibus aliis catallis suis in predictis terris inventis, eo quod 
catalla Judeorum sunt Domini Regis propria ; l licet dicta Licoricia 
sustinere voluit per litteras Domini Eegis patentes supra inrotulatas, 
quod de predictis terris pro debitis predictis in seisina remanere 
debuit, donee etc., vel quod disseisita esset per judicium Curie Domini 
Regis ; quod quidem sibi valere non potuit, desicufc ipsa pro se nichil 
aliud habuit, quum secundum justiciam Dominus Rex concedere non 
poterit, quod aliquis Judeus seisinam habeat super heredem debitoris 
sui, cum fuerit plene etatis, per litteras suas de seisina eidem Judeo 
confectas, desicut dictus heres, secundum Statuta Judaismi, summoneri 
debeat in primo ad respondendum de debito patris sui. Preterea adjudi- 
catum fuit quod dictus Thomas cum seisina sua habeat fenum pertinens 
ad warectum, et quod dicta Licoricia eidem Thome allocari faciat in pre- 
dictis debitis valorem terrarum suarum de singulis annis, per extentam 
faciendam quamdiu ipsa stetit in prediefca seisina. Et quia Dominus 
Rex Jusfciciariis suis mandavit per litteras suas factas apud Faversham 
ij° die Jan. anno etc. xxxvij , quod ipse dicte Licoricie perdonavit 
transgressionem, quam ipsa fecit mutuando denarios suos atque fene- 
rando contra Assisam Judaismi, pro dim. marca auri etc., predictum 
cirographum de cccc 1. confectum retentum est in manu Domini 
Regis, quod confectum est contra Assisam etc., donee discussum fuerit 
per ipsum Dominum Regem cujusmodi transgressionem dicte Licoricie 
perdonaverit, desicut due sunt transgressiones, videlicet una transgres- 
sio in denariis predictis mutuo traditis, et altera in confectione predicti 
cirographi confecti ut patet in eodem cirographo ; unde super hoc 
adjudicatum fuit pro dicto Thoma, herede predicti Thome, quod ipse 
eosdem terminos habeat de dicto debito quos pater suus infra sex 
annos precedentes habere debuit, licet dictus Thomas heredes suos 
aliter obligavit quam facere potuit secundum Assisam Judaismi ; in 
hunc modum, quod si infra dictos sex annos humaniter de eo contigerit, 

1 Cf. Introduction, p. x. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1253 24 

formerly his father's, of which, while he was under age, the said 
Licorice took seisin, as she acknowledged above, to wit, over his 
guardian, for £20 of debt of the said Thomas. Upon which it was 
adjudged, that the said Thomas do have full seisin of the said lands, 
save nevertheless that the said Licorice have all her corn sown upon 
the said lands, and her gear, and all other her chattels found on the 
said lands, because the chattels of the Jews are our Lord the King's 
property ; notwithstanding that the said Licorice sought by our Lord 
the King's letters patent enrolled above to sustain a claim to continue 
in seisin of the said lands for the said debts, until she should be paid 
them in full, or be disseised by judgment of our Lord the King's 
Court ; which plea could avail her nothing, because she had nothing 
else to plead on her behalf, since in justice our Lord the King cannot 
grant that a Jew by letters patent of seisin made in his favour have 
seisin over the heir of his debtor when the heir is of full age, seeing 
that by the Statutes of Jewry the said heir ought first to be summoned 
to answer his father's debt. It was further adjudged that the said 
Thomas have with his seisin the hay belonging to the fallow, and that 
the said Licorice cause allowance in the said debts to be made to the 
said Thomas of the yearly value of his lands during the time of her 
said seisin, according to an extent to be made for the whole time 
during which she was so seised. And because our Lord the King, by 
his letters patent made at Faversham on the 2nd day of January in 
the 37th year of his reign, sent word to his Justices that for \ mark 
of gold l he pardoned the said Licorice her trespass done in lending 
her money and taking interest thereon against the Assize of Jewry, 
the said chirograph for £400 made against the Assize etc. is retained 
in our Lord the King's hand, until our Lord the King himself have 
considered what trespass he pardoned the said Licorice, seeing that 
there are two trespasses, to wit, one trespass in lending the said 
money, and another in making the said chirograph in the manner 
therein appearing ; 2 upon which judgment was given for the said 
Thomas, heir of the said Thomas, that the said Thomas have the same 
terms touching the said debt as his father was to have during the 
said six years, though the said Thomas bound his heirs in a way in 
which he was not able to bind them according to the Assize of Jewry ; 
so, that is to say, that, if within the said six years he should pay the 
debt of nature, then, after the lapse of forty days from his decease, it 

1 I.e. 5 marks of silver; a very low figure rate of interest, but by the chirograph sha 
for a pardon. attempted to foreclose the heir of his sta- 

2 I.e. she not only charged an unlawful tutory right. Cf. Introduction, p. xiii. 

E 



25 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

tunc bene licebit dicte Licoricie, xl diebus elapsis post obitum suum, 
totum predictum debitum cccc 1. cum lucro super heredes suos recu- 
perare sine allocacione alicujus termini, et ipsos pro predicto debito 
distringere etc. ; quod est penitus contra Assisam Judaismi. 

Postea, in crastino S. Margarete anno etc. xxxvij , Dorainus Eex 
mandavit Justiciariis per breve suum factum apud Portsmue xxj° die 
Julii anno predicto, quod ipsi cartam de cccc 1. confectam sub nomini- 
bus Thome de Cberlecote et Licoricie, Judee, ordinatam contra Assisam 
Judaismi sui, ut dicitur, et quam ea occasione in manum Domini Begis 
ceperunt, eidem Licoricie liberari et in Archa Judaica poni unde 
abstracta fuit, sine dilacione facerent, quia dictam transgressionem 
dicte Licoricie perdonavit, et seisinam quam habuit de terris et posses- 
sionibus quondam Thome de Cherlecote vult quod habeat tempore 
heredum predicti Thome, et teneat quousque plene perceperit de 
eisdem totam pecuniam contentam in cartis predicti Thome cum lucro, 
sicut de radio suo ; et si dicta Licoricia disseisita fuerit de predictis 
terris et possessionibus, sine dilacione ei seisina sua restitueretur ; 
taliter se haberent in hoc precepto exequendo ne dicta Licoricia ob 
defectum illorum de catallis suis in predictis terris inventis detri- 
mentum pateretur. Ob quod breve predictum de seisina facienda de 
terris predictis etc. retornatum fuit Vicecomiti Warrewic' ad illud 
exequendum. Quo executo Dominus Eex mandavit Baronibus de 
Scaccario et Justiciariis suis ad custodiam Judeorum assignatis per 
breve suum, in quo Dominus Pdcardus, Comes Cornubie, in fine 
ejusdem brevis testis apponitur, quod recordo loquele inter predictos 
Thomam et Licoriciam audito et consider ato, salvo jure Domini Piegis, 
tam predicto Thome quam predicte Licoricie justum judicium facerent 
sine dilacione, de hoc quod idem Thomas legitime etatis instanter 
petiit seisinam de terris suis, quarum per judicium secundum Legem 
et Consuetudinem Judaismi seisinam recuperavit, et injuste et sine 
judicio fuit disseisitus occasione quarundam litterarum subrepticiarum 
quas Dominus Pvex dictis Justiciariis misit, processum negocii ignorans. 
Iccirco, recordo predicte loquele audito et considerato, adjudicatum fuit 
per eadem verba illud idem judicium quod prius per Justiciarios 
adjudicatum fuit. Et preceptum est, quod facta sit inquisicio per 
sacramentum xij proborum etc. de Comitatu etc., per quos rei Veritas 
etc., et qui nulla affinitate vel alio modo, etc., ad sciendum quid et 



EXCHEQUER OE THE JEWS, A.D. 1253 25 

should be lawful for the said Licorice, no further term being allowed, 
to recover all the said debt of £400 with interest against his heirs, and 
to distrain them for the said debt etc. ; which is altogether against 
the Assize of Jewry. 

Afterwards, on the morrow of St. Margaret in the 37th year of the 
reign, our Lord the King commanded his Justices, by his writ made at 
Portsmouth on the 21st day of July in the said year, that without delay 
they should cause the charter for £400 made under the names of Thomas 
de Charlecote and Licorice, Jewess, held, as is said, to be contrary 
to the Assize of his Jewry, and on that account taken by them into 
our Lord the King's hand, to be delivered to the said Licorice and 
placed in the Chest of Jewry whence it was taken, because he pardoned 
the said Licorice the said trespass, and wills that the seisin which she 
had of the lands and possessions which were formerly Thomas de 
Charlecote's she have also in the time of the heirs of the said Thomas, 
and until she have gotten thereout, as from her gage, payment in 
full of the sum contained in the charters of the said Thomas with 
interest ; and that if the said Licorice be disseised of the said lands 
and possessions, seisin be restored to her without delay ; for the rest 
in the execution of this writ, let them have a care that the said 
Licorice suffer no loss by their default in respect of her chattels found 
on the said lands. Pursuant to which writ for effecting seisin of the 
said lands etc. return was made to the Sheriff of Warwickshire, that 
he put the writ in execution. Which done, our Lord the King by his 
writ, attested at the end thereof by Richard, Earl of Cornwall, com- 
manded the Barons of the Exchequer and his Justices assigned to 
the custody of the Jews, that they hear and consider the record of 
the cause between the said Thomas de Charlecote and Licorice, and, 
saving the right of our Lord the King, do justice without delay as 
well to the said Thomas as to the said Licorice, seeing that the said 
Thomas, being of full age, has made instant claim of seisin of his lands, 
of which, by judgment according to the Law and Custom of Jewry, he 
recovered seisin, and unlawfully and without judgment was disseised 
by means of certain surreptitious letters which our Lord the King 
sent to the said Justices in ignorance of the true course of the affair. 
Therefore, the record of the said cause being heard and considered, 
judgment was given in the same words as by the Justices on the 
former hearing. And it is ordered, that inquest be made by the oath 
of twelve true men etc., of the County etc., by whom the truth of the 
matter etc., and who by no affinity or in any other manner etc., to 
the intent that it may be known what and how much in the course of 



26 SCACOAREUM JUDEORUM 

quantum per quinquennium dicta ceperit Judea de terris- et catallis 
quondam predicti Thome in Cherlecote et Wyttenes tempore predicto 
occasione supradicti debiti, et tarn de placitis quam perquisitis ; et per 
sacramentum eorundem extendi faciat Vicecomes terras etc. ; ita quod 
tali die scire faciat etc. quid etc. ceperit dicta Judea tarn de exitibus 
quam perquisitis : super quibus venit inquisicio etc, prout in rotulo 
huic rotulo annexo continetur. 

Summa extente terrarum quondam Thome de Cherlecote in 
Hasseleye per annum, salvo servicio dominorum feodi : xv 1. iij s. 
et x d. 

Summa extente terrarum ejusdem Thome in Wyttenes per annum, 
salvo etc. : x 1. ij d. 

Summa totius summarum exituum earundem terrarum per quin- 
quennium : yj xx et vj 1., quas Licoricia, que fuit uxor David Oxonie, 
percepit tempore predicto occasione debiti predicti Thome. 

Summa summarum de placitis et perquisitis in predictis locis per 
idem tempus : xxv 1. xiiij s. ij d., quas predicta similiter percepit, sicut 
in inquisicione inde facta et aliis predictis continetur. 

Summa summarum predictarum tarn de exitibus quam de per- 
quisitis : clj 1. xiiij s. ij d., de quibus subtractis lx 1., in quibus dictus 
Thomas tenebatur dicte Licoricie per cirographum inter eos confectum, 
remanent ad allocandum heredi ipsius Thome iiij xx xj 1. xiiij s. ij d. in 
quodam debito cccc 1. facto contra Statuta Judaisini, quod emergit de 
quodam debito ix xx 1., si adjudicatum fuerit, quod debitum illud sit 
liquidum, sin autem — idem Thomas petit, quod salvum sit suum 
recuperare versus Licoriciam. 

Postea inspecto tenore de predicto cirographo cccc 1. nondum facto 
modo debito secundum Statuta Judaismi, prout videri poterit in eodem 
cirographo, eo quod dictum cirographum facit mencionem quod dicta 
Judea percipere debuit usuras de usuris, videlicet, de xx m. que in dicto 
cirographo apponuntur cum predictis cccc 1., fenerando libra de dictis 
xx m. in qualibet septimana ij d. ; et iterum de dictis ix xx 1. in predicto 
cirographo contentis et nunquam acquietatis, de anno xxxj usque ad 
vigiliam Exaltacionis S. Crucis anno etc. xxxij emergere non potuit 
predictum debitum cccc 1., fenerando libra qualibet septimana ij d. de 
lucro secundum Assisam etc., et facta est mencio in supradicto 
cirographo, quod penitus emereunt predicte cccc 1. de predictis ix sx 1. ; 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1253 26 

five years the said Jewess took from the lands and chattels formerly 
of the said Thomas in Charlecote and Whitnash, on account of the 
said debt, and as well in the proceeds of pleas as in perquisites ; and 
by the oath of the same twelve men let the Sheriff cause the lands to 
be extended etc. ; so that on such a day he may make known etc. 
what etc., the said Jewess took as well by issues as by perquisites. 
Touching which matters the inquest came etc., as is recorded in the 
roll to this roll annexed. 

Sum of extent of lands formerly belonging to Thomas de Charle- 
cote in Haseley : £15 3s. lOd. a year, saving the service of the lords 
of the fee. 

Sum of extent of lands of the said Thomas in Whitnash : £10 0s. 2d. 
a year, saving etc. 

Sum of all the sums of the issues of the said lands for five years : 
£126, which Licorice, wife that was of David of Oxford, took during 
the time aforesaid on account of the debt of the said Thomas. 

Sum of the sums of pleas and perquisites in the said places during 
the same time : £25 14s. 2d., which the said Licorice likewise took, as 
is recorded in the inquest made thereof and in the other documents 
aforesaid. 

Sum of the said sums, as well of issues as of perquisites : 
£151 14s. 2d., from which being subtracted £60, in which the said 
Thomas was bound to the said Licorice by chirograph made between 
them, there remain to be allowed to the heir of him, Thomas, 
£91 14s. 2d. in a debt of £400, which debt arises from a debt of £180 
and is against the Statutes of Jewry, if it be determined that that 
debt is clear, but if not — the said Thomas craves that his right of 
recovery against Licorice may be saved. 

Thereafter, upon scrutiny of the tenor of the said chirograph for 
£400 not duly made according to the Statutes of Jewry, as is manifest 
in the said chirograph, in that the said chirograph sets forth that the 
said Jewess was to take usury upon usury, to wit, on the said 20 
marks which in the said chirograph are added to the said £400, taking 
interest thereon at the rate of 2d. a pound a week ; and moreover 
from the said £180 contained in the said chirograph and not yet 
acquit there could not arise between the 31st year and the vigil of the 
Exaltation of the Holy Cross in the 32nd year of the reign the said 
debt of £400 by interest at the rate of 2d. a pound a week according 
to the Assize of Jewry, and the said chirograph sets forth that the 
said £400 arise from the said £180 ; it is adjudged by Sir Philip 



27 SCACCAPJUM JUDEORUM 

consideratum est per Dominos Philippum Luvel, Eogerum de Turkelby, 
Henricum de Bathonia, Johanuem de Wyvill et Simonem Passelewe, 
quod Thomas de Cherlecote, filius et heres predicti Thouie, non 
respondeat nisi de dictis ix xx 1. cum lucro quod inde emergere poterit 
ab anno etc. xxxj , cessantibus usuris a tempore quo pater dicti 
Thome obiit, secundum Assisam etc., eo quod idem Thomas tunc 
temporis fuit infra etatem, et quousque etatem habuit ad terram suam 
habendam, unde habuit seisinam xviij die Feb. anno etc. xxxviij per 
breve Domini Eegis secundum judicium Baronum de Scaccario et 
Justiciariorum Judeorum ; ita tamen quod si quid de dictis xx m. per 
dictam Judearu captum fuerit, et illud distincte et aperte dictus 
Thomas monstrare poterit, id ei in dicto debito ix xx 1. allocabitur una 
cum prisis factis, sicut in supradicta inquisicione continetur ; et iterum 
consideratum est quod extincte sunt usure de dicto debito cccc 1. post- 
quam idem debitum captum fuit in manum Domini Begis, ut patet 
supra, ita quod amodo revivisci non poterunt. 



MEMORANDUM. 

ib.m.8. Bex etc. Quia per commune consilium nostrum provisum est 

quod de statu Judaismi nostri certificati simus, tibi precipimus firmiter 
injungentes in fide qua Nobis teneris, quod, sicut corpus tuum et 
animam tuam diligas, habeas coram Justiciariis nostris ad custodiam 
Judeorum assignatis apud Westmonasterium in crastino S. Dunstani 
corpora omnium Judeorum et Judearum de balliva tua, qui aliqua 
catalla habeant, per que aliquo modo talliari poterunt, ad audiendum 
et faciendum preceptum nostrum, et interim scire facias eisdem Judeis 
nostris quod sibi provideant ad certificandum dictos Justiciaries nostros 
ad dictum diem et locum distincte et aperte per starra sua, quid et 
quantum habeant in cirographis, talliis, tarn infra Archam Cirogra- 
phorum quam extra, in auro, argento, jocalibus, terris, domibus, 
redditibus, vadiis et omnibus aliis catallis, tarn mobilibus quam immo- 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.I). 1253 27 

Lovel, Sir Roger de Thurkilby, Sir Henry cle Bath, Sir John cle Wyvill, 
and Sir Simon Passelewe, that Thomas de Charlecote, son and heir of 
the said Thomas, answer the said £180 with the interest which may 
arise thereon from the said 31st year of the reign, and no more, usury 
being discontinued from the time when the father of the said Thomas 
died, according to the Assize of Jewry, because at that time the said 
Thomas was under age, and until he was of age to have seisin of his 
land, which seisin he had on the 18th day of February in the 38th 
year of the reign by writ of our Lord the King according to the judg- 
ment of the Barons of the Exchequer and the Justices of the Jews : so 
nevertheless that if aught of the said 20 marks have been gotten by 
the said Jewess, and the said Thomas is able to show it distinctly and 
plainly, that shall be allowed him in account for the said debt of £180 
together with the prises taken by the said Jewess, as is recorded in 
the said inquest ; and it is furthermore adjudged that the usury upon 
the said debt of £400 is extinct since the said debt was taken into the 
hand of our Lord the King, as appears above, so as no more to be 
revived. 1 

MEMOEANDUM. 2 

The King etc. "Whereas by the Common Council of our realm it 
is ordered that We be certified touchiDg the state of our Jewry, We 
command and imperatively enjoin you in the faith which you owe to 
Us, that, as you value your body and soul, you have the bodies of all 
Jews and Jewesses within your bailiwick, who may have any chattels, 
whereby they may in any manner be talliaged, to be before our Justices 
assigned to the custody of the Jews at Westminster on the morrow of 
St. Dunstan 3 to hear and obey our command, and that in the mean- 
time you do our said Jews to wit that they make ready to certify our 
said Justices distinctly and plainly by their starrs at the said time 
and place, what and how much they have in chirographs and tallies, 
as well within the Chirograph-Chest as outside thereof, in gold, silver, 
jewels, lands, houses, rents, gages and all other chattels, as well movable 

1 In 1244: Licorice had fined for her de- striking, but would not have been successful 

ceased husband's estate in £'5,000, of which without the help of Earl Richard. Cf. 

a moiety had been appropriated to the re- Eoyal and other Historical Letters illustra- 

storation of Westminster Abbey. The fine tive of the Reign of Henry III. (Rolls Ser.) 

was payable by instalments like talliage, ii. 46. Excerpt, e Rot. Fin. (Rec. Comm.) 

and if, as is probable, she was still in the i. 418 ; Madox, ii. 3 ; Rot. Lit. Claus. 

King's debt, he had an obvious interest in 36 Hen. III. m. 28. 

facilitating the realisation of her securities. 2 A model form of writ to be addressed 

The courtly firmness with which the judges to Sheriffs and Constables, 

meet his attempt to override the law is very 3 The Deposition of St. Dunstan, May 19. 



28 



SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 



bilibus, super vindictani corporuui et omnium bonorum suorum foris- 
facturam ; et habeas ibi nomina Judeorum, et hoc breve. Teste Johanne 
de Wyvill apud Westmonasterium v to die Man anno regni nostri xxxvij . 



Memorandum, quod Baldewinus de Wayford venit coram Justiciar iis 
die S. Augustini anno etc. xxxvij , et obligavit se ad solvendum 
Domino Eegi xx m. in crastino S. Trinitatis pro Cokerell, Judeo, et 
Licoricia, matre sua, Judea, Wintonie, que eos contingunt de tallagio 
ad instans Pentecosten anno predicto, sub incursione unius marce auri 
ad opus Domini Eegis, nisi dictam solucionem fecerit sine aliqua 
condicione. Et ad dictum diem fieri facit dictus Baldewinus quoddam 
cirographum vij m., reddendarum a dicto in crastino in unum 
mensem, et sic per dictas xxvij m. eidem l Cokerell solutas, et pro 
matre sua, ut predictum est, quietus erit dictus Baldewinus de quodam 
debito xx 1., reddendarum ad quindenam Pasche anno etc. xxxvij , 
acto xviij die Feb. anno eodem. Et si dicta convencio non fuerit 
completa ad dictum diem, tunc dictus Judeus ad debitum xx 1. 
recuperabit, ita quod perdonacio erit nulla. 



winton. _ Isaac Le Franceys dat Domino Ptegi iiij bis., ut ipse cum familia 

etqiueVest. sua transire possit a Civitate Wintonie simul cum catallis suis, et 

manere apud Oxoniam, quamdiu e4c. Et preceptum est Vicecomiti 

Oxon', quod ipsum Isaac recipiat, et apud Oxoniam manere permittat, 

quamdiu etc. 

giouc. Memorandum, quod Elias, films Bonenfaunt, Judeus, Gloucestrie, 

venit coram Justiciariis in crastino S. Augustini anno regni Eegis 
etc. xxxvij et recognovit, quod amisit partem suam de quodam ciro- 
grapho de 1 s., confecto sub nomine suo et Eicardi de Saunford, et 
Galfridi, fratris sui. Iccirco preceptum est Cirographariis Gloucestrie, 
quod ipsi sine presencia predicti Elie contra-cirographum predicti 
cirographi extrahere non permittant etc. 



Memorandum, quod Salomon le Evesk' venit coram Justiciariis 
et recognovit, quod ipse tenetur Willelmo de Gloucestria in xxiiij 1., ei 
reddendis vel Bernardo Nicholas infra nundinas S. Botulfi anno etc. 



Sic : instead of ' pro eodem.' 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1253 



28 



as immovable, on pain of corporal correction and forfeiture of all 
their goods ; and you are to have there the names of the Jews, and 
this writ. Witness John de Wyvill at Westminster, on the 5th day 
of May in the 37th year of our reign. 

Devon. Be it had in remembrance, that Baldwin de Wayford came before 

the Justices on St. Augustine's day ! in the 37th year of the reign, 
and bound himself to pay our Lord the King 20 marks on the morrow 
of Holy Trinity on behalf of Cokerell, Jew, and Licorice, his mother, 
Jewess, of Winchester, which 20 marks are their quota of the talliage 
due at Pentecost instant in the said year, on pain of a mark of gold 
to the use of our Lord the King, unless he unconditionally make the 
said payment. And on the said day the said Baldwin causes to be 
made a chirograph for 7 marks, payable a month after the said morrow 
of Holy Trinity, and so by the said 27 marks paid on behalf of the said 
Cokerell and his mother, as aforesaid, the said Baldwin shall be quit 
of a debt of £20, payable at Easter quindene in the 37th year under 
a chirograph dated 18 Feb. in the same year. And if the said agree- 
ment be not performed on the said day, then the said Jew shall be 
entitled to recover the debt of £20, so that the release shall be null. 

Winchester. Isaac Le Francois gives our Lord the King 4 bezants, that he may 
remove from Winchester with his family and chattels, and dwell at Ox- 
ford, as long etc. And the Sheriff of Oxfordshire is commanded to 
receive him, Isaac, and to permit him to dwell at Oxford, as long etc. 



Be it had in remembrance, that Elias, son of Bonenfaunt, Jew, of 
Gloucester, came before the Justices on the morrow of St. Augustine 
in the 37th year of the reign of King Henry and acknowledged, that 
he had lost his part of a chirograph for 50s. made under his own 
name and the names of Bichard de Sanford and his brother Geoffrey. 
Wherefore the Chirographers of Gloucester are commanded, that they 
do not allow the counter-chirograph of the said chirograph to be 
withdrawn save in the presence of the said Elias etc. 

Be it had in remembrance, that Solomon le Eveske came before 
the Justices and acknowledged, that he is bound to William de 
Gloucester in £M payable to him or to Bernard Nicholas during the 
fair of St. Botolph in the 37th year etc., and if he should make 



1 The Conversion of St. Augustine, May 5. 



^9 SCACCAPJUM JUDEORUM 

xxxvij , et nisi fecerit, concessit, quod clictus Willelmus de Gloucestria 
liberam habeat adniinistracionem de quodam cirographo de xlvj 1. j m. 
sub nominibus dicti Salomonis, et Eicardi, filii Henrici Aucheri, 
reddendis ad quindenani Pasche anno xxxviij ; de quo cirographo 
dictus Willelmus penes se possidet partem cirographi quam Judeus 
penes se habuit, sicut in quadam convencione inter eos continetur in 
quodam starro inter eos confecto ; et si dicte xxiiij 1., ut predictum 
est, fuerint solute, tunc dictus Judeus dictum cirograplium aretro 
optinebit, et alia scripta inter ipsum et dictum Willelmum confecta, et 
unam cartam de xxiiij 1. de Stephano de Ostregate. 

Quia coram Domino Eege quoddam tallagium assisum fuit super 
Salle, Judeum, de Kancia, Domino Eegi reddendum die Mercurii 
proxima ante Pentecosten anno etc. xxxvij sine ulteriori dilacione, 
et idem Salle tallagium illud non reddidit, preceptum est Ciro- 
graphariis Cantuarie, quod visis litteris Domini Eegis accedant ad 
Archam Cirographorum, et omnia cirographa, tallias etc. sub nomine 
dicti Salle inventa in Arcba ilia extrahant, et ilia habeant sub sigillis 
suis et sigillo Vicecomitis Kancie apud Westmonasterium coram 
Justiciariis in ultimo S. Trinitatis, cum brevi Domini Eegis. 



Quia datur intelligi pro Isaac, filio Isaac, Judeo, Justiciariis, 
quod Abraham Eussel, qui habet unam clavem etc., non est residens 
ad officium etc. secundum quod deberet, preceptum est Vicecomiti, 
quod loco etc. eligi faciat etc., et scire faciat a die S. Trinitatis in 
unum mensem nomen illius electi etc. 

Eex etc. Vicecomiti Kancie etc. : — Scias quod coram Nobis assideri 
fecimus quoddam tallagium super Salle, Judeum, Nobis reddendum 
die Mercurii proxima ante Pentecosten anno etc. xxxvij , et quia idem 
Judeus Nobis ad dictum diem tallagium suum non reddidit, et eodem 
die recepit ex parte nostra mandatum coram Justiciariis etc., quod 
infra tercium diem post predictum diem Mercurii exiret a regno 
nostro Anglie, et iter suum arriperet ad portum Dovor' cum uxore sua 
ibidem exiturus, et numquam rediturus, salvis Nobis terris etc. ; tibi 
precipimus, quod per sacramentum xij etc. diligenter inquiras quas 
terras etc. habuit dicto die, et quis vel qui etc. 1 valeant salvo servicio 



1 Sic : some words have here fallen out. See the parallel clause in the next writ 
but one. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1253 29 

default, he allowed, that the said William de Gloucester should 
have free administration of a chirograph for £46 1 mark under the 
names of the said Solomon and Eichard, son of Henry Aucher, 
payable on Easter quindene in the 38th year ; of which chirograph the 
said William has in his possession the part which was in the posses- 
sion of the Jew, as it is contained in a covenant between them in a 
starr made between them ; and if the said £24 be, as aforesaid, paid, 
then the said Jew shall have the said chirograph returned to him, 
and the other writings made between him and the said William, and 
a charter for £24 of Stephen de Oystergate. 1 

Whereas before our Lord the King a talliage was assessed upon 
Salle, Jew, of Kent, payable to our Lord the King on the Wednesday 
next before Pentecost in the 37th year etc. without further delay, 
and the said Salle did not pay the talliage, the Chirographers of 
Canterbury are commanded, that on sight of our Lord the King's 
letter they go to the Chirograph-Chest, and take out all the chirographs, 
tallies etc. found under the name of the said Salle in the said Chest, 
and have them under their seals and the seal of the Sheriff of Kent 
before the Justices at Westminster on the last day of Holy Trinity 
Term, with the writ of our Lord the King. 

Whereas on the part of Isaac, son of Isaac, Jew, the Justices are 
given to understand that Abraham Eussel, who has one of the keys 
etc., is not assiduous at his duties etc. as he ought to be, the Sheriff 
is commanded, that in his place he cause to be elected etc. and notify 
the name of the person elect etc. a month after Holy Trinity day. 

The King etc. to the Sheriff of Kent etc. : — Know that We 
caused to be assessed before Us upon Salle, Jew, a certain talliage 
payable to Us on the Wednesday next before Pentecost in the 37th 
year etc., and whereas the said Jew did not pay Us his talliage 
on the said day, and on the said day received from Us a mandate 
before the Justices etc., that within three days from the said 
Wednesday he should depart our realm of England, and travel with 
all speed to the port of Dover, and thence with his wife take his 
departure, and never return, his lands etc. being kept safe to our 
use ; We therefore command you, that by oath of 12 etc. you dili- 
gently inquire what lands etc. he had on the said day, and who now 

1 A narrow passage between Thames Street and the Thames. Mun. Gildhall. Lond. 
(Rolls Ser.) II. i. 367. 



30 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

etc. efc quantum valeant ad vendendum ; inquiras eciam per sacra- 
mentum etc. que catalla liabuit in omnibus extra Archam cirographis, 
et quid valeant et in quorum manus devenerint, et clamari facias 
quod nullus ex debitoribus ipsius Salle ei decetero aliquem denarium 
reddat, in singulis hundredis, civitatibus etc. facta sit clamacio, et 
omnes terras, redditus et tenementa et catalla predicta in manum 
nostram capias, et salvo etc., donee etc. ; et veniat inquisicio in 
crastino S. Trinitatis. 



Eex etc. Cirographariis Christianis et Judeis Bristoll' salutem : 
Sciatis quod coram Nobis assideri fecimus super Eliam de Chipham 
vj m., Nobis reddendas in crastino S. Trinitatis anno regni nostri 
xxxvij m0 sine ulteriori dilacione ; et quia idem Elias tallagium illud 
non reddidit ; vobis precipimus, quod statim visis litteris istis acce- 
datis ad Archam Cirographoruni et ab Archa ilia extrahatis omnia 
cirographa, tallias et alia instrumenta in Archa ilia inventa sub nomine 
predicti Elie, et ilia habeatis coram Justiciariis nostris ad custodiam 
Judeorum assignatis apud Westmonasterium a die S. Johannis Baptiste 
in xv dies sub sigillis vestris et sigillo Constabularii nostri Bristoll', et 
hoc breve. Teste Johanne de Wyvill apud Westmonasterium xvij die 
Junii anno regni nostri xxxvij . 



Bex etc. Vicecomiti Gloucestr' salutem : — Scias quod coram Nobis 
assideri fecimus sex marcas super Eliam de Chipham, Judeum, Bristoll', 
Nobis reddendas in crastino S. Trinitatis anno regni nostri xxxvij 
sine ulteriori dilacione ; et quia idem Elias Nobis ad dictum diem talla- 
gium suum non reddidit ; tibi precipimus, quod statim visis litteris 
istis clamari facias per totum Comitatum tuum in singulis hundredis, 
civitatibus et burgis, quod super forisfacturam nostram nullus ex 
debitoribus ipsius Elie ei decetero aliquem denarium reddat, eo quod 
in manum nostram cepimus omnia catalla predicti Elie occasione 
predicta, ubicumque in regno nostro Anglie fuerint inventa, et corpus 
dicti Elie si inveniri poterit in Comitatu tuo, illud habeas coram 
Justiciariis nostris ad custodiam Judeorum assignatis apud West- 
monasterium sine ulteriori dilacione, ad faciendum de eo judicium 
tamquam de illo qui furtive catalla nostra propria asportavit ; et per 
sacr amentum xij proborum et legalium hominum, tarn Christia- 
norum quam Judeorum, per quos rei Veritas melius sciri poterit, 



Bristol. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1253 30 

holds or hold them, and what they be worth, saving the service etc., 
and what they be worth for sale ; and also inquire by oath etc. what 
chattels he had in all chirographs outside the Chest, and what they 
be worth, and to whose hands they have come, and cause proclama- 
tion to be made that none of his, Salle's, debtors in future pay any 
money to him— let the proclamation be made in every hundred and 
city etc. — and take all the said lands, rents and tenements and 
chattels into our hand, and keep them safe etc. until etc. ; and let the 
inquest come on the morrow of Holy Trinity. 

The King etc. to the Christian and Jewish Chirographers of 
Bristol greeting :— Know that We have caused to be before Us assessed 
upon Elias of Chippenham 6 marks, payable to Us on the morrow of 
Holy Trinity in the 37th year of our reign without further delay ; 
and whereas the said Elias has not paid that talliage ; We command 
you, that on sight of this letter you forthwith go to the Chirograph- 
Chest, and take out therefrom all chirographs, tallies and other instru- 
ments found in that Chest under the name of the said Elias, and l 
have them before our Justices assigned to the custody of the Jews at 
Westminster on the quindene of St. John the Baptist under your 
seals and the seal of our Constable of Bristol, and this writ. Witness 
John de Wyvill at Westminster on the 17th day of June in the 37th 
year of our reign. 

The King etc. to the Sheriff of Gloucestershire greeting :— Know 
that We have caused to be before Us assessed upon Elias of Chippen- 
ham, Jew, of Bristol, 6 marks, payable to Us on the morrow of Holy 
Trinity in the 37th year of our reign without further delay ; and 
whereas the said Elias did not pay Us his said talliage on the said 
day ; We command you, that on sight of this letter you forthwith cause 
proclamation to be made through all your County in every hundred, 
city and town, that on pain of forfeiture none of the debtors of him, 
Elias, pay any money to him in future, because, for the reason afore- 
said, We have taken into our hand all the chattels of the said Elias, 
wheresoever in our realm of England they may be found, and if the 
body of the said Elias may be found in your County, you are to have it 
before our Justices assigned to the custody of the Jews at Westminster' 
without further delay, that justice be done upon him as one who has 
thievishly carried off our proper chattels ; and you are diligently to 
inquire by oath of 12 good and lawful men, as well Christians as Jews, 
by whom the truth of the matter may be the better known, what 



31 



SCACCAEIUM JUDEORUM 



diligenter inquiras, quas terras, redditus et tenementa dictus Elias 
habuit vel tenuit dicto die, et quis vel qui terras illas, redditus et 
tenementa modo teneat, et quantum porcio singulorum tenentium 
valeat per annum, et modo ad vendendum, salvo servicio dominorum 
feodi ; inquiras eciam per sacramentum eorundem que catalla dictus 
Elias habuit dicto die in omnibus extra Archam cirographis inventa, 
et quid et quantum catalla ilia valeant ad vendendum, et in quorum 
manus devenerint, et omnes terras, redditus, tenementa et catalla 
predicta in manum nostram capias et salvo custodiri facias, donee 
aliud hide precepimus, et inquisicionem hide factam distincte et aperte 
scire facias dictis Justiciariis apud Westmonasterium a die S. Johannis 
Baptiste in xv dies per litteras tuas sigillatas, in quibus una cum 
sigillo tuo sigilla eorum dependeant per quos facta fuerit ilia inqui- 
sicio ; et habeas ibi noniina inquisitorum et hoc breve. 



Illud idem breve confectum est et liber atum fuit Vicecomiti 
Lincoln' pro Benedicto, filio Leonis, qui tallagium suum non reddidit ; 
et veniat inquisicio a die S. Johannis Baptiste in xv dies. 

PLACITA DE TEBMINO S. TRINITATIS ANNO 
QUINQUAGESIMO. 



Rot. 7, 
dorso. 



Johannes Harding, attachiatus ad respondendum Aaron de Kinge- 
stona de placito, quod ei reddat duos ciphos de mazero, precii xxs., 
quos ei tradidit custodiendos die Pasche Florum anno etc. xlviij, et 
quos ei injuste detinet, ut dicit ; et hoc offert etc. 

Predictus Johannes venit et recognovit, quod ipse recepit predictos 
ciphos de predicto Judeo, et eosdem ciphos per intersigna que 
fuerunt inter ipsum Johannem et predictum Judeum Johanni Aufred 
liberavit ; et de hoc ponit se super patriam, et ipsum Johannem 
Aufred. Et predictus Judeus similiter. Ideo preceptum est Vice- 
comiti, quod venire faciat xij de villa de Kingestona, et xij de visneto 
ejusdem ville, ad recognoscendum etc., die Mercurii proxima post 
festum S. Barnabe Apostoli, quia tarn etc. 

Ad quern diem venit inquisicio, que dicit, quod predictus Johannes, 
Alius Johannis Aufrey, 1 dictos ciphos de mazero dicto Aaron invadiavit 
pro iiij s., et dictus Aaron postmodum dedit eidem Johanni intersigna, 
scilicet, quod posuit manum suam in sinu suo, et illis intersignis 

1 Sic. The scribe could not make up or Aufrey, or, as appears from the next 
his mind whether to spell the name Aufred case, Alnred or Alurey. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A J). 1266 31 

lands, rents and tenements the said Elias had or held on the said 
day, and who now holds or hold the said lands, rents and tenements, 
and how much the portion of each tenant be worth by the year, and for 
sale at the present time, saving the service of the lords of the fee ; you 
are also to inquire by oath of the same 12 men what chattels the said 
Elias had on the said day found in all chirographs outside the Chest, 
and what and how much those chattels be worth for sale, and into 
whose hands they have come, and you are to take into our hand all the 
said lands, rents, tenements and chattels, and to cause them to be 
kept safe until further command to you by Us given, and distinctly 
and plainly to notify the inquest thereof made to the said Justices at 
Westminster on the quindene of St. John the Baptist by letter sealed 
with your seal, and therefrom also pendent with your seal the seals of 
those by whom the inquest was made ; and you are to have there the 
names of the inquisitors and this writ. 

The same writ was made and delivered to the Sheriff of Lincoln- 
shire in the matter of Benedict, son of Leo, who did not pay his talliage ; 
and let the inquest come on the quindene of St. John the Baptist. 



PLEAS OF HOLY TRINITY TERM IN THE FIFTIETH 
YEAR. [a.d. 1266.] 

John Harding, attached to answer Aaron of Kingston touching 
a plea, that he return him two bowls of mazer-wood, price 20s., 
which Aaron gave into his keeping on Palm Sunday in the forty- 
eighth year of the reign, and which he unlawfully detains against him, 
so he says ; and this he offers etc. 

The said John came and acknowledged, that he received the said 
bowls from the said Jew, and by token concerted between him and 
the said Jew he delivered the said bowls to John Alfred ; and 
touching this he puts himself upon the country and John Alfred. 
And the said Jew likewise. So the Sheriff is commanded, that he 
cause to come twelve men of the town of Kingston, and twelve men 
of the venue of the same town, to recognise etc., on the Wednesday 
next after the feast of St. Barnabas the Apostle, because as well, etc. 

On which day came the inquest, who say, that the said John, son 
of John Alfred, pledged the said bowls of mazer-wood to the said 
Aaron for 4s., and the said Aaron afterwards gave the said John 
a token, to wit, by placing his hand in the fold of his tunic, and by 



o2 SCACOARIUM JUDEORUM 

dictus Johannes Harding dictos ciphos liberavit Jolianni Aufrey, et 
quod de dictis iiij s. solvit predicto Aaron x d., de quibus locavit unam 
carettam ad bona carianda apud Windsoram ; set si de denariis 
residuis aliqnid solutum fuerit, necne, nichil sciunt. Ideo con- 
sideration est, quod predictus Johannes Aufrey reddat predicto 
Judeo iijs. ijd., et alius Johannes sit inde quietus, et predictus Judeus 
in miser icordia. 



Johannes Aurifaber, attachiatus ad respondendum predicto Aaron 
de Kingestona, Judeo, de placito, quod ei reddat unum saccum cum 
pannis, mappis, manutergiis, tunicis et supertunicis, et pluribus aliis 
pannis, tarn lineis quam laneis, quos ei tradidit custodiendos, propter 
turbacionem in regno habitam, predictis die et anno, ad valenciam 
sex m. ; et hoc offer t etc. 

Predictus Johannes venit et defendit vim etc. et dicit, quod de 
predicto Aaron nichil recepit ; recognovit, tamen, quod hujusmodi bona 
recepit de quodam Judeo, nomine Hak' de Kingestona, genero predicti 
Aaron, cui quamdam partem predictorum bonorum postmodum 
liberavit, et aliam partem liberavit Johanni Alured per preceptum 
dicti Hak', excepta una pelice, quam dicit quod uxor sua habet ex dono 
predicti Hak'. 

Predictus Judeus dicit, quod predicta bona non fuerunt predicti 
Hak', nee per predictum Hak' fuerunt liberata predicto Johanni et 
predicto Hak', nee predictam pelicem dare potuit, ut predictus 
Johannes dicit ; et de hoc ponit se super patriam. Et predictus 
Johannes similiter. Et preceptum est Vicecomiti, quod venire faciat 
coram etc. xij probes etc., ad recognoscendum etc., si etc., ad pre- 
dictum diem, quia tam etc. 

Postea venit predictus Johannes Alurey coram etc., et recognovit 
se recepisse predictos pannos de predicto Hak', scilicet, unam medie- 
tatem sicut vadia sua propria, et aliam medietatem pro xx s., per quos 
dictus Judeus finem fecit cum eodem Johanne, ut salvo conduceret 
eum et familiam suam usque "Windesoram ; recognovit eciam se 
recepisse predictos ciphos de Johanne Harding per intersigna pre- 
dicta ; et de hoc ponit se super patriam. 

Eecognitores veniunt et dicunt super sacramentum suum, quod 
per finem predictum pro salvo conductu habendo idem Judeus 
remisit predicto Johanni vadia sua, et residuum dictorum vadiorum 
ei liberavit pro predictis xx s., et ipsum salvo apud Windesoram con- 
duxit, et quod predictus Johannes per predicta intersigna vera 



EXCHEQUER OE THE JEWS, A.D. 1266 32 

that token the said John Harding delivered the said bowls to John 
Alfred, and that of the said four shillings he paid the said Aaron ten 
pence, with which he hired a cart to carry goods to Windsor ; but 
whether any part of the balance of the money was paid or no, they 
know not at all. So it is adjudged, that the said John Alfred pay the 
said Jew 3s. 2d., and the other John be thereof quit, and the said Jew 
be in mercy. 

John Goldsmith, attached to answer the said Aaron of Kingston, 
Jew, touching a plea, that he return a sack containing cloths, nap- 
kins, towels, tunics and supertunics, and divers other cloths, as well 
linen as woollen, which Aaron gave into his keeping, by reason of 
the disordered state of the realm, on the said day in the said year, 
being of the value of six marks ; and this he offers etc. 

The said John comes and defends the force etc. and says, that 
he received nothing from the said Aaron ; but he acknowledged, 
nevertheless, that he received goods of the sort from a Jew, Hak 
of Kingston by name, son-in-law of the said Aaron, to whom he 
afterwards delivered part of the said goods, and the residue thereof 
he delivered to John Alfred by order of the said Hak, except a 
pelisse, which he says that his wife has by gift of the said Hak. 

The said Jew says, that the said goods did not belong to the said 
Hak, and were not delivered to the said John and the said Hak by 
order of the said Hak, nor was it in the power of the said Hak to 
give the said pelisse, as the said John says he did ; and touching 
this he puts himself upon the country. And the said John likewise. 
And the Sheriff is commanded, that he cause to come before etc. 
twelve true etc., to recognise etc., if etc., on the said day, because as 
well etc. 

Thereafter came the said John Alfred before etc., and acknow- 
ledged, that he received the said cloths from the said Hak, to wit, one 
moiety as his own pledges, and the other moiety on account of 20s., 
in which the said Jew made fine with him, the said John, for a safe- 
conduct for himself and family to Windsor ; he also acknowledged, 
that he received the said bowls from John Harding by the said token ; 
and touching this he puts himself upon the country. 

The recognitors come and say upon their oath, that by the said 
fine for the safe-conduct the said Jew returned the said John his pledges, 
and delivered to him the residue of the said pledges on account of 
the said 20s., and the said John gave him safe-conduct to Windsor, 
and by the said true token received the said bowls from the said John 



Rot. 8, m. 6. 

Loud. 



33 SCACCAEIUM JUDEORUM 

recepit predictos ciphos de prefato Johanne Harding, et per volun- 
tatem dicti Judei. Ideo ad judicium, quod dictus Johannes Aurifaber 
inde quietus sit, et dictus Judeus pro falsa querela in misericordia. 

Matildis Peper et Eogerus de Maldona attachiati ad respondendum 
dicto Aaron, Judeo, de placito, quod ei reddant ollas ereas, patellas, 
tapeta, chalones, lintheamina et alia utensilia, que eis tradidit 
custodienda predictis die et anno, et unde queritur, quod ea injuste 
detinent,'~ad dampnum suum, v m. ; et hoc offer t etc. 

Predictus Piogerus venit et defendit vim etc. et dicit, quod nun- 
quam aliquid de predictis bonis recepit ; et de hoc ponit se super 
vicinos suos. 

Predicta vero Matildis venit et recognovit, quod ipsa ignorante 
et ad ecclesiam existente venit dictus Judeus ad domum suam et 
quedam bona ibidem abscondit sub pallea ; et postmodum venerunt 
quidam depredatores Londonie, et dicta bona asportaverunt. Judi- 
cium, quod inquiratur, ut supra. 

Eecognitores dicunt super sacramentum suum, quod predictus 
Aaron nunquam tradidit predicta bona predicto Bogero, sicut ei 
imposuit, et quod ignorante predicta Matilde posita fuerunt predicta 
bona predicti Judei in domo sua, de quibus una cum bonis suis 
. propriis predicta Matildis depredata fait die SS. Philippi et Jacobi 
per Henricum de Monte Forti, et per Henricum de Hastinges et alios 
malefactores Londonie, ita quod nichil penes ipsam remansit. Ideo 
ad judicium, quod predicti Eogerus et Matildis inde sint quieti, et 
dictus Judeus pro falsa querela in misericordia. 



STABBA EECOGNITA DE TEEMINO S. TEINITATIS ANNO 
QUINQUAGESIMO. 

Memorandum, quod ad instanciam Petri Beraud et Hagini de 
Lincolnia quedam carta sub nominibus eorundem confecta in hec 
verba inrotulatur : — Omnibus etc. Petrus Beraud, civis et mercator 
Caturcensis, salutem : — Noverit universitas vestra'me teneri Hagino de 
Lincolnia, Judeo, Londonie, vel certo attornato suo, mihi hoc scriptum 
liberanti, in c et iiij xx 1. vj s. et viij d. sterlingorum, facto compoto 
inter me et eundem Haginum apud Londoniam die Mercurii proxima 
ante festum S. Oswaldi, Eegis et Martyris, anno gracie m°cc°lxvj 
mense Angus ti ; scilicet, de remanente D 1. in quibus dicto Hagino et 
Cokko, Judeis, Londonie, tenebar per cartam meam obligatoriam 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1266 33 

Harding, and that with the consent of the said Jew. So to judgment, 
that the said John Goldsmith be quit thereof, and the said Jew be in 
mercy for a false claim. 

Matilda Pepper and Eoger de Maldon attached to answer the said 
Aaron, Jew, touching a plea, that they return him brazen pots, 
platters, carpets, coverlets, linen cloths, and other utensils, which he 
gave into their keeping on the said day in the said year, whereof he 
complains, that they unlawfully detain them against him, to his 
damage, 5 marks ; and this he offers etc. 

The said Eoger comes and defends the force etc. and says, that 
he never received any part of the said goods ; and touching this he 
puts himself upon his neighbours. 

The said Matilda also came and acknowledged, that without her 
knowledge, when she was at church, the said Jew came to her house 
and hid certain goods under the straw ; and thereafter came certain 
freebooters from London and carried off the said goods. Judgment, 
that inquest be had, as above. 

The recognitors say upon their oath, that the said Aaron never 
gave the said goods to the said Eoger, as he alleged against him, and 
that the said goods of the said Jew were placed in Matilda's house 
without her knowledge, and of the said goods, together with her own 
goods, the said Matilda was robbed on the day of SS. Philip and 
James by Henry de Montfort and Henry de Hastings and other 
malefactors from London, so that nothing was left in her house. So 
to judgment, that the said Eoger and Matilda be quit thereof, and the 
said Jew be in mercy for a false claim. 

STAEES ACKNOWLEDGED IN HOLY TEINITY TEEM IN 
THE FIFTIETH YEAB, [a.d. 1266.] 

Be it had in remembrance, that at the instance of Pierre Beraud 
and Hagin of Lincoln a charter made under the names of the same is 
enrolled to the following effect : — To all etc. Pierre Beraud, citizen 
and merchant of Cahors, greeting :— Know all of you that I am bound 
to Hagin of Lincoln, Jew, of London, or his proper attorney, on 
delivery to me of this writing, in £180 6s. 8d. sterling, account being- 
made between me and the same Hagin at London on the Wednesday 
next before the feast of St. Oswald, King and Martyr, in the year of 
grace mcclxvi, and the month of August ; account, to wit, of the 
remainder of £500 in which I was bound to the said Hagin and Cok, 

F 2 



34 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

inrotulatamad Scaccarium Judeorum coram etc.,solvendodictoHagino, 
vel certo attomato suo, dictarn pecuniarn, de claro debito quod remanet 
de dictis D 1., et de omnibus aliis rebus quae dictis Judeis unquam a 
principio seculi debui usque in hodiernum diem ; videlicet, de prima 
solucione quam Dominus Edwardus, Eegis primogenitus, mihi, vel 
attornatis meis, faciet vel solvet de debito in quo mihitenetur ; subjeci 
inde me et heredes meos et omnia bona mea, mobilia et immobilia, 
ubicumque fuerint inventa, sponte et non coactus, pro voluntate sua 
compellendus, si in dicta solucione defecero, ut predictum est ; renun- 
ciando ad hoc omni excepcioni, cavillacioni, regie probibicioni et omni 
juris remedio, quod contra banc obligacionem mihi possit valere 
infringendam ; et ad istam convencionem etc. huic scripto sigillum 
meum apposui : hiis testibus : Dominis Johanne de Lynda, Johanne 
Walleraund, tunc temporis Custodibus Turris Londonie ; Willelmo filio 
Ricardi ; Ricardo de Ewell ; Waltero Eervy ; Eeginaldo de Suffolcia ; 
Edwardo Le Blund, etc. 



Lond. Item, ad instanciam eorundem littera subscripta inrotulatur in 

hec verba: — Omnibus etc. Petrus Beraud etc. salutem : — Noverit 
universitas vestra me plenarie recepisse xl saccos lane de Hagino et 
Cokko, Judeis, Londonie, in quibus mihi tenebantur per starrum suum 
inrotulatum ad Scaccarium Judeorum coram etc., de quibus voco 
solutum et integre pacatum, et dictos Judeos, pro me et heredibus 
meis, de dictis xl saccis lane omnino quietos clamavi ; ita quod ego 
nee aliquis nomine meo aliquid de dictis xl saccis lane de dictis 
Judeis vel heredibus eorum decetero exigere poterimus vel habere. 
In cujus etc. presenti scripto sigillum meum apposui. Datum 
Londonie die Jovis mense Augusti anno :\i"cc°Lxvj n . 



Haginus de Lincolnia recognovit per starrum suum, pro se et Cok', 
filio Aaron, quod Petrus Beraud satisfecit eis de toto debito D 1. quod 
eis debuit per litteras patentes quas dictus Haginus habuit ; et eas 
eidem Petro nunquam reddidit, eo quod eas amisit ; unde concedit 
quod dicte littere nullam vim habeant, nee sibi nee heredibus suis 
aliquid valere possint, nee alicui ex parte sua venienti, a creacione 
seculi usque ad finem. 

Idem Haginus recognovit, pro se et Cok', filio Aaron, quod de uno 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1266 34 

Jews, of London, by my charter obligatory enrolled at the Exchequer 
of the Jews before etc., payment of the said money to be made to the 
said Hagin, or his proper attorney, on account of the clear debt which 
remains of the said £500, and of all other debts which I ever owed 
the said Jews from the creation of the world to the present day ; to 
wit, payment thereof to be made out of the first instalment which the 
Lord Edward, the King's son and heir apparent, shall make to me, or 
my attorneys, of the debt in which he is bound to me ; for which I 
have engaged myself, my heirs and all my goods, movable and 
immovable, wheresoever they shall be found, and this of my own 
accord and not thereto constrained, and to the intent that I be com- 
pellable at his pleasure, if I shall make default in the said payment, 
as aforesaid ; and to this end I renounce recourse to any exception, 
objection, royal prohibition, and remedy of law, which may avail me 
to the infringement of this obligation ; and for the confirmation of 
this agreement I have set my seal to this writing : witness : Sir John 
de Lynde and Sir John Walerand, then Wardens of the Tower of 
London ; William FitzEichard ; Richard de Ewell ; Walter Hervey ; 
Reginald de Suffolk ; Edward Le Blund, and others. 

Item, at the instance of the same, the writing hereunder is 
enrolled to the following effect : — To all etc. Pierre Beraud etc. 
greeting : — Know all of you that I have received in full tale 40 sacks 
of wool from Hagin and Cok, Jews, of London, in which they were 
bound to me by their starr enrolled at the Exchequer of the Jews 
before etc., of which I acknowledge full render and delivery, and for 
myself and my heirs have altogether quitclaimed the said Jews of the 
said 40 sacks of wool ; so that neither I nor any in my name may 
aught in future demand or have of the said 40 sacks of wool from 
the said Jews or their heirs. In witness whereof I have set my seal 
to the present writing. Given at London on Thursday in the month 
of August in the year mcclxvi. 

Hagin of Lincoln, for himself and Cok, son of Aaron, acknowledged by 
his starr, that Pierre Beraud discharged to them all the debt of £500 
which he owed them by letters patent which the said Hagin had ; and 
the said Hagin never returned them to the said Pierre, because he lost 
them ; wherefore he grants that the said letters patent have no force, 
nor can aught avail either himself or his heirs or any one on his 
part appearing, from the creation to the end of the world. 

The said Hagin, for himself and Cok, son of Aaron, acknowledged 



35 SCACCARIUM JUDEOEUM 

debito quingentarum librarum, quod Petrus Beraud, mercator, eisdem 
debuit per litteras patentes et inrotulatas ad Scaccarium Judeorum, 
dictus Petrus et heredes et socii sui sunt quieti de eis et heredibus et 
omnibus assignatis suis, a creacione seculi usque ad finem ; et de 
omnibus aliis debitis, demandis et querelis que predictus Petrus 
debuit eis, excepto uno debito ciiij xx et iiij 1. et dim m. quod predictus 
Petrus adhuc debet eidein Hagino per litteras suas patentes inrotulatas 
ad Scaccarium Judeorum, predictus Petrus et heredes et socii sui 
quieti sunt de eis et heredibus eorum, a creacione seculi usque ad 
diem S. Petri ad Vincula anno etc. l mo . 

Et istam recognicionem fecit Haginus pro se et heredibus dicti Cok', 
quia ipse Haginus habet custodiam heredum dicti Cok' et catallorum 
suorum per preceptum Eegis. 

Sarra, que fait uxor Isaac de S. Licio, solvit per manus Manseri, 
canTeto. filii Abrahe, ij m. et dim., quas debuit solvisse ad quindenam Pasche 
anno l mo de fine quern fecit pro catallis dicti viri sui habendis. 

Solvit Roberto de Fuleham. Et debet ij m. et dim. ad festum S. 
Michaelis, et residuum sicut continetur in magno rotulo anni l mi . 



Memorandum, quod Cresse, filius Gente, venit coram etc., et recog- 
novit, quod concessit Bonevie de Neubyr', Judeo, quartam partem 
duarum cartarum, videlicet, de una xx 1. et ij quarteriorum frumenti 
sub nominibus Galfridi Le Chamberleg' et Cresse, filii Gente, et de alia 
xv 1. sub nominibus predictorum. Et idem Cresse concessit, quod 
predictus Bonevie possit perquirere brevia de districcione per predic- 
tam quartam partem, et ad faciendum ex ea quam de sua propria. 



ib. m. G, 

ilorso. 



ijm. ct di 



Bed 



Belia, que fuit uxor Pictavini de Bedford, Judea, dat Domino Piegi ij 
ij wss. j^-gg^ p ro |3 rev ib us habendis super tenentes terras debitorum suorum, ad 

faciendum ipsos venire. Et solvet predicta biss. a die S. Michaelis in 
xv dies. 

Communitas Judeorum Cantuarie, qui sigillantur in hoc starro, 
recognoverunt per starrum suum, quod juraverunt et intraverunt in 
sentenciam, quod nullus alius Judeus de alia villa preter quam de 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1266 35 

that of a debt of £500, which Pierre Beraud, merchant, owed them 
by letters patent enrolled at the Exchequer of the Jews, the said 
Pierre and his heirs and his partners are quit as to them and their 
heirs and all their assigns, from the creation to the end of the world ; 
and of all other debts, demands and claims which the said Pierre owed 
them, except a debt of £184 and £ mark which the said Pierre still 
owes the said Hagin by his letters patent enrolled at the Exchequer 
of the Jews, they the said Pierre and his heirs and his partners are 
quit as to them and their heirs, from the creation of the world to the 
day of St. Peter's Chains in the fiftieth year of the reign. 

And this acknowledgment Hagin made for himself and the heirs 
of the said Cok, because he, Hagin, has the wardship of the heirs of 
the said Cok and of their chattels by mandate of the King. 1 

Sarah, wife that was of Isaac of Senlis, paid by Manser, son of 
Abraham, 2i marks, which she ought to have paid on Easter quindene 
in the fiftieth year, on account of a fine which she made for posses- 
sion of the chattels of her said husband. 

She paid to Eobert de Fulham. And she owes 2£ marks at the 
feast of St. Michael, and the residue, as it is recorded in the great roll 
of the fifty-first year. 

Be it had in remembrance, that Cresse, son of Genta, came before 
etc., and acknowledged, that he has granted to Bonevie of Newbury, 
Jew, the fourth part of two charters, to wit, one for £20 and 2 quarters 
of corn under the names of Geoffrey Chamberlain and Cresse, son of 
Genta, and another for £15 under the names aforesaid. And Cresse 
has also granted, that the said Bonevie may procure writs to distrain 
for the said fourth part, and to deal with it as his own. 

Belia, wife that was of Pictavin of Bedford, Jewess, gives our Lord 
the King 2 bezants for writs in regard of her debtors' terre-tenants, 
to constrain them to come. And she will pay the said bezants on 
Michaelmas quindene. 

The community of the Jews of Canterbury, whose seals are set to 
this starr, acknowledged by their starr, that they have come to the 
resolution, and thereto bound themselves by oath, that no Jew of any 

1 This passage, taken in connection with Rot. 12, m. 7, infra, serves to identify 
the inquest upon the administration of the Hagin of Lincoln with the Chief Eabbi 
wardship recorded in Hilary Term, 1 Ed. I., elected in 1257. Cf. Introduction, p. xxxiii. 



30 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

Cantuaria nianebit in eadeni villa, scilicet, homo mentitor, inidoneus 
et accusator ; et si ita evenerit quod aliquis venisset ad nianendum 
ibidem per breve Domini Eegis, extunc concessit tota predicta com- 
munitas ad donandum Domino Eegi id quod Salle, filius Joscei, 
Abraham, filius Leonis, et Yives de Wintonia, similiter in hoc starro 
sigillati, ipsam communitatem talliabunt, ut idem Rex deponat ipsum 
qui tale breve impetrabit ; et si sit aliquis de predicta communitate 
rebellis ad deponendum ipsum Judeum qui mentitor, inidoneus et 
accusator extiterit, vel eum qui breve Eegis impetraverit, ut predictum 
est, idem deponatur cum eodem. Et sunt Judei in predicto starro si- 
gillati : Magister Mosseus ; Salle, filius Joscei ; Abraham, filius Leonis ; 
Jacobus, filius Miles ; Benedictus, filius Isaac ; Leo, filius Abrahe ; 
Isaac, filius Abrahe ; Benedictus, filius Cresse ; Isaac, filius Isaac ; 
Meir, filius Edra ; Sampson, presbiterus ; Salomon, filius Isaac ; 
Josceus, filius Salomonis ; Aaron, filius Salle ; Josceus, filius Abrahe ; 
Mosseus, filius Abrahe ; et Jacobus, filius Joscei. 



PLACITA DE TEEMINO S. TEINITATIS QUINQUAGESIMO 
PEIMO, QUIA IN TEEMINO PASCHE NICHIL ACTUM 
FUIT PEOPTEE GUEEEAM. 

cantebf " L Bartholomeus, filius Johannis, qui cum Johanne, filio Ade, peciebat 

versus Abraham, filium Antere, et Salomonem Bigelin, tria messuagia 
cum pertinenciis in Cantebrigia, de quibus Adam Umel, avus dicti 
Bartholomei et consanguineus dicti Johannis, cujus heredes ipsi 
sunt, fuit seisitus in dominico suo, ut de feodo, die quo obiit, ut patet in 
Termino S. Michaelis anno incipiente l mo , et postea Judei habuerunt 
visum terre, ad hunc diem venit ; set nee primo die, secundo, tercio, 
quarto nee sexto die aliquid versus dictos Judeos loqui voluit. Ideo 
consideratum est, quod predicti Judei inde sine die, et quod dictus 

ffii5 - Bartholomeus nichil capiat per istud breve, set sit in misericordia. 



Per licenciam Justiciariorum, Johannes Le Moyne, querens, et 
Juliana de Ponte, de Cantuaria, de placito xiij s. et iij d. concordati sub 
hac forma, quod predicta Juliana venit coram etc., et solvit Eogero de 
Kyntona, attornato predicti Johannis, x s., et iij s. et iij d. residuos 
solvet ad quindenam S. Michaelis proximo sequentem, si monstrare 
poterit quod predicti iij s. iij d. debentur. 



7 

OF 

EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, AD. 1267 36 

other town than Canterbury shall dwell in the said town, to wit, no 
liar, improper person, and slanderer ; and should it so happen that 
any one should come to dwell there by writ of our Lord the King, 
then the whole said community by common consent shall give our 
Lord the King such sum as Salle, son of Joce, Abraham, son of Leo, 
and Vives of Winchester, whose seals are likewise set to this starr, 
shall lay upon the community, that the person who shall sue out 
such writ may be disqualified by the said King ; and if any of the 
said community should oppose the disqualification of the Jew who 
has shown himself a liar, an improper person, and a slanderer, or 
who has sued out such writ of the King as aforesaid, let both be 
disqualified together. And the Jews whose seals are set to this starr 
are the following : Master Moses ; Salle, son of Joce ; Abraham, son 
of Leo ; Jacob, son of Miles ; Benedict, son of Isaac ; Leo, son of 
Abraham ; Isaac, son of Abraham ; Benedict, son of Crease ; Isaac, 
son of Isaac; Meir, son of Esdras; Samson, presbyter; Solomon, son 
of Isaac ; Joce, son of Solomon ; Aaron, son of Salle ; Joce, son of 
Abraham ; Moses, son of Abraham ; and Jacob, son of Joce. 

PLEAS OF HOLY TRINITY TERM IN THE FIFTY-FIRST 
YEAR, NOTHING HAVING BEEN DONE IN EASTER 
TERM BY REASON OF THE WAR, [a.d. 1267.] 

Bartholomew, son of John, who, with John, son of Adam, claimed 
against Abraham, son of Antera, and Solomon Bigelin, three mes- 
suages with appurtenances in Cambridge, of which Adam Umel, 
grandfather of the said Bartholomew and cousin of the said John, 
whose heirs they are, was seised in demesne, as of fee, on the day of 
his death, as appears in Michaelmas Term in the beginning of the 
fiftieth year, and afterwards the Jews had a view of the land, came on 
this day ; but neither on the first nor on the second or third or fourth 
nor yet on the sixth day would he say aught against the said Jews. 
So it is adjudged, that the said Jews go thereof without day, and that 
the said Bartholomew take nothing by this writ, but be in mercy. 

By leave of the Justices, John Le Moyne, plaintiff, and Juliana 
Bridge, of Canterbury, made fine touching a plea of 13s. 3d. in form 
following, to wit, that the said Juliana comes before etc., and pays to 
Roger of Kineton, attorney of the said John, 10s., and will pay the 
residue, 3s. 3d., on Michaelmas quindene next following, if he shall 
be able to show that the said 3s. 3d. are owing. 



37 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

Hugo de Dernestall et Sarra, uxor sua, attachiantur ad respon- 
dendum Isaac de Warwik' et Ivette, uxori ejus, de plaeito detencionis 
eatallorum, et nude queritur, quod die dominica, die Medie Quadra- 
gesime anno etc. lj° tradidit eis unum coopertorium x de grisso, 2 precii 
cs., et quoddam scrinium cum jocalibus, videlicet, cum sex anulis 
aureis, precii j m., uno pede argenteo, precii x s., sex cocleariis argenteis, 
precii . . . s., ij firmaculis, precii ij s., et uno cipho de niazero, precii 
ij s., custodienda predictis Hugoni et Sarre, et predicta catalla sua 
injuste detinent, ad dampnum suum, xm. 

Predicti Hugo et Sarra veniunt et defendunt vim etc. et recog- 
noscunt, quod quoddam coopertorium et quoddam scrinium cum 
quibusdam catallis infra existentibus receperunt custodienda, et post 
adventum Comitis Gloucestrie in Civitate Londonie ad quindenam 
Pascbe venerunt Thomas de Haweye et Henricus de Knaresburgo, 
milites prefati Comitis, cum multis aliis ignotis, ad domum pre- 
dictorum Hugonis et Sarre, et eisdem dixerunt ex parte predicti 
Comitis, quod eisdem liberarent catalla Judeorum. que habuerunt 
custodienda, prout eis datum fuit intelligi, sicut vitam et membra 
diligerent ; et ipsi omnino negaverunt quod nichil habuerunt de 
catallis aliquorum Judeorum. Et prefati milites ipsos ceperunt, 
et ad carcerem deducere voluerunt, et in predicta domo sua scrutave- 
runt, 3 et subtus lectum predictorum Hugonis et Sarre predicta 
coopertorium et scrinium invenerunt, et pecierunt, quorum catalla 
fuerunt sic abscondita ; qui pro catallis suis propriis advocaverunt. 
Et prefati milites ipsos 4 super hoc non crediderunt: ideo ipsos ad 
sacramentum posuerunt, qui per sacramentum suum recognoverunt 
predicta catalla esse predictorum Isaac et Ivette. Et sic contra 
voluntatem suam predictum coopertorium cum predicto scrinio 
asportaverunt, preter quedam que fuerunt in predicto scrinio, quia 
quidam Alanus Le Hurer venit ad octabas Pasche, per predictam 
Ivettam, cum clave predicti scrinii, et dixit eis, quod ad predictum 
scrinium ipsum permitterent ire, hiis intersignis quod predicta clavis 
fuit ad scrinium per eosdem traditum sic custodiendum ; et predictus 
Alanus predictum scrinium aperuit, et ea que voluit asportavit. Et 
sic de predicta asportacione eis non tenetur respondere, eo quod 
Dominus Bex, per pacem inter ipsum et Comitem Gloucestrie factam, 
omnibus hominibus de Civitate Londonie omnem depredacionem, 
roberiam et aliam transgressionem factam tempore predicto perdonavit, 

1 See Glossary. - See Glossary. blending of the deponent with the active 

3 In the MS. 'scrutaterunt,' by a curious form. 4 Sic. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.t). 1l>67 37 

Hugh de Dernestall l and Sarah, his wife, arc attached to answer 
Isaac of Warwick and Ivetta, his wife, touching a plea of detinue 
of chattels, whereof he complains, that on Sunday in Mid-Lent in 
the fifty-first year of the reign he delivered to them a vesture of gris 
of the value of 100s. and a casket of jewels, to wit, six gold rings of 
the value of 1 mark, a silver stand of the value of 10s., six silver 
spoons of the value of ... s., two buckles of the value of 2s., and 
a bowl of mazer-wood of the value of 2s., for safe keeping by the said 
Hugh and Sarah, who unlawfully detain his said chattels, to his 
damage, 10 marks. 

The said Hugh and Sarah come and defend the force etc. and 
acknowledge, that they received a vesture and a casket with chattels 
therein for safe keeping, and that after the arrival of the Earl of 
Gloucester in the City of London on Easter quindene Thomas 
de Haweye and Henry de Knaresborough, soldiers of the said Earl, 
came, with many others unknown, to the house of the said Hugh 
and Sarah, and told them, as from the said Earl, that they were to 
deliver to them the chattels of the Jews which were in their keeping, 
as they had been informed, as they valued life and limb ; and they 
utterly denied that they had any chattels of any Jews. And the 
said soldiers took them, and would have haled them to prison, and 
searched their house, and under the bed of the said Hugh and Sarah 
found the said vesture and casket, and asked, to whom the chattels thus 
hidden belonged ; and they averred that they were their own chattels. 
And the said soldiers gave them no credence thereof, and so put them 
to their oath; and by their oath they acknowledged that the said 
chattels belonged to the said Isaac and Ivetta. And so against their 
will the soldiers took away the said vesture and casket, but not all that 
the casket had contained ; for a certain Alan Le Hurer had come on 
the octave of Easter, by order of the said Ivetta, with the key of the 
said casket, and had told them, that they were to let him have access 
to the said casket, and for token he showed that the said key 
fitted the casket so given into their keeping ; and the said Alan 
opened the said casket, and took away what he would. And so they are 
not bound to answer touching the said taking away, because our Lord 
the King, by the peace made between him and the Earl of Gloucester, 
pardoned all men of the City of London all depredations, robberies, 
and other trespasses done by them during the said time, so neverthe- 
less that merchants who took no part in the war should not lose their 

1 Perhaps Dunstall. 



38 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

salva tamen mercatoribus accione sua qui de guerra non fuerunt. 
Et si hoc eis valere non possit, prompti sunt verificare per quicquid 
etc., quod predicta catalla fuerunt sibi capta et asportata ; et de hoc 
ponunt se super patriam. 

Predicti Isaac et Ivetta dicunt, quod predicta clavis predicti scrinii 
per ipsos eisdeni rnissa nunquarn, et de hoc prompti sunt facere quic- 
quid etc. quod Judeus facere debeat versus Christianum. Dicunt 
eciam, et petunt judicium, de hoc, quod predicti Hugo et Sarra 
recognoscunt predictum coopertorium et forcerium l recepisse custo- 
dienda, et dicunt ea esse asportata et ab eis depredata, et omnia 
bona sua propria salvata. Et de hoc habent diem usque diem Lune 
proximam ante festum S. Margarete. Ad quern diem predicti Hugo 
et Sarra veniunt, et predicti Judei, sepius vocati, non veniunt. Ideo 
consideratum est, quod predicti Hugo et Sarra inde sine die, et 
predicti Judei in misericordia. 



DE TERMINO S. HILLAEII ANNO EEGNI REGIS HENRICI 
QUINQUAGESIMO SECUNDO. 

Rot. cm-. Cresse, 2 films Gente, optulit se iiij die versus Ricardum de Culle- 

m?l'.Esse.T. worth de placito, quod, cum Robertus de Culleworth tempore guerre 
habite in regno Domini Regis, et eciam tempore destruccionis Judaismi 
Domini Regis Londonie, habuisset custodiam Turris Londonie per 
Hugonem Le Despenser, et ab Archa Cirographorum Londonie, eo 
tempore in Turri predicta existente, extrahi fecisset quandam cartam 
continentem xl 1. de feodo, sub nominibus Ricardi de Culleworth, 
fratris predicti Roberti, et ipsius Cresse confectam, et eidem Ricardo 
de Culleworth contra voluntatem ipsius Judei per starrum suum 
quietam liberari, in qua continebatur, quod predictus Ricardus 
tenebatur predicto Judeo in xll., et postmodum predictum Judeum, 
ad instanciam dicti Ricardi, ita coegit, quod metu mortis partem 
suam una cum starro acquietancie de predicto debito ei liberavit. 
Et ipse non venit ; et preceptum fuit Yicecomiti, quod ipsum venire 
faceret. Et Vicecomes mandat, quod Ricardus Bregeman, de Machinges, 
et Johannes Trestel, de eadem, manuceperunt predictum Ricardum, 
quern non habent. Ideo in misericordia. Judicium, quod distringatur 

1 See Glossary. the Hebrew in ^-,j, Gedaliah). A.-J.H.E.P. 

'-' More properly Deulecresse (i.e. Deus i. 269. 
eum crescat, a barbarous Latinisation of 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A..D. 1268 38 

right of action. And if this may not avail them, they are ready to 
verify by whatever etc., that the said chattels were stolen and taken 
away from them ; and touching this they put themselves upon the 
country. 

The said Isaac and Ivetta say, that they never sent the said key 
of the said casket to the said Hugh and Sarah, and touching this 
they are ready to do whatever etc. a Jew ought to do against a 
Christian. They also crave judgment, for that the said Hugh and 
Sarah acknowledge, that they received for safe keeping the said vesture 
and casket, and say, that they were stolen and taken away from 
them, and all their own goods untouched. And touching this they 
have a day from day to day until the Monday next before the feast 
of St. Margaret. On which day the said Hugh and Sarah come, and 
the said Jews, often summoned, do not come. It is therefore 
adjudged, that the said Hugh and Sarah go thereof without day, and 
the said Jews are in mercy. 



HILARY TERM IN THE FIFTY-SECOND YEAR OF 
THE REIGN OF KING HENRY, [a.d. 1268.] 

Cresse, son of Genta, offered himself on the fourth day against 
Richard de Culworth touching a plea, that during the war in our Lord 
the King's realm, our Lord the King's London Jewry being then de- 
stroyed, Robert de Culworth, who commanded the Tower of London 
for Hugh Le Despenser, did from the London Chirograph-Chest, which 
was then in the said Tower, cause to be taken a certain charter con- 
taining £40 of fee-rent, made under the names of Richard de Culworth, 
the said Robert's brother, and him, Cresse, and did also against his, 
the Jew's, will cause the charter, in which it was contained, that the 
said Richard was bound to the said Jew in £4:0, to be delivered to the 
said Richard de Culworth quit by his starr, and afterwards, at the 
instance of the said Richard, did so constrain him, the said Jew, that 
in fear of death he delivered to him his part of the charter, together 
with the starr of acquittance of the said debt. And he, Richard, did 
not come ; and the Sheriff was commanded to cause him to come. And 
the Sheriff sends word, that Richard Bregeman, of Machinges, 1 and John 
Trestel, of the same place, mainperned the said Richard, and have him 
not. Therefore in mercy. Judgment, that he be distrained by lands 

1 Perhaps Matching, Essex. 



ill. m. 3, 
Uorso. Kbi 



39 SCACCAEIUM JUDEORUM 

per terras etc., ita quod nee ipse etc., et quod habeat corpus ejus 
coram etc. a die Pasche in xv dies, ad respondendum etc., et ad 
audiendum etc. 

Prior de Giseburn' fuit districtus pro xll. de debito Joscei de 
Kancia ad opus Domini Edwardi per quandam cartam signatam de 
sigillo Johannis de Overtona, Prioris de Giseburn', et sigillo Conventus 
ejusdem loci, que quidem carta liberatafuit Domino Edwardo tempore 
quo Judaismus fuit in manu ejusdem Domini Edwardi, in hec verba : — 
Sciaat omnes presentes et futuri, quod ego, Johannes de Overtona, 
Prior de Giseburn', et Conventus ejusdem loci debemus Joey de Kent, 
Judeo, Eboraci, xl 1. argenti, scilicet, reddendo xx 1. et x quarteria 
frumenti ad Pentecosten anno regni Regis Henrici, filii Eegis 
Johannis, xxxiij , et xx 1. et vj vaccas ad festum S. Martini in Hieme 
proximo sequentis, et sic de anno in annum et termino in terminum 
usque ad terminum x annorum, et si tunc non reddiderimus, 
dabimus ei qualibet septimana pro libra j d. de lucro, quamdiu illud 
debitum per grantum ejus tenuerimus, et ideo invadiavimus ei omnes 
terras nostras, redditus et catalla nostra, ubicumque fuerint, donee 
dictum debitum et lucrum persolverimus, et hoc concessimus ei 
in Verbo Dei, et sigillo nostro conventuali confirmavimus : actum in 
crastino S. Wilfridi proximo ante. 1 Et per predictam cartam 
attornatus predicti Domiui Edwardi exigit de predicto Priore et 
Conventu totum predictum debitum. 

Predictus Prior venit et peciit inspexionem predicte carte, et 
habuit, et dixit, quod numquam in predicta domo de Giseburn' fuit 
aliquis prior qui vocabatur Johannes de Overtona ; dicit eciam, quod 
predicta carta non est, secundum Assisam Judaismi, in aliqua Archa 
Cirographorum Judeorum ; unde de predicto debito non tenetur 
respondere. 

Preterea predictus Prior dicit, quod predicta carta non est bona 
neque vera, nee unquam per aliquem priorem seu conventum predicte 
domus fuit facta, nee per voluntatem suam sigillo . . . 2 signata ; et 
hoc promptus est verificare per quicquid Curia Domini Eegis conside- 
raverit, quod verificare debeat, vel per patriam, vel alio modo. 

Attornatus prefati Domini Edwardi dicit, quod predicta carta est 
factum suum, et sigillo suo signata, et hoc offert verificare per quic- 



1 Sic. St. Wilfrid's Day is 12 October ; regni Ecgis Henrici xxxij.' 

Martinmas, 11 November. We may there- - Sic : perhaps ' conventuali' should be 

fore conjecture that the words omitted supplied, 
were : ' festum S. Martini in Hieme anno 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, AD. 1268 39 

etc., so that neither he etc., and that the Sheriff have his body before 
etc. on Easter quindene, to answer etc., and to hear etc. 



The Prior of Gisburn was distrained for £40 of debt due to Joce 
of Kent to the use of the Lord Edward by charter sealed with the 
seal of John of Overton, Prior of Gisburn, and the seal of the Convent 
of the same place, which charter was delivered to the Lord Edward at 
the time when the Jewry was in his hand, and is to the effect 
following : — Know all present and to come, that I, John of Overton, 
Prior of Gisburn, and the Convent of the same place owe to Joce of 
Kent, Jew, of York, £40 L of silver, and are to pay £20 and 10 
quarters of wheat at Pentecost in the thirty-third year of the reign of 
King Henry, son of King John, and £20 and 6 cows at Martinmas in 
Winter next following, and so year by year and term by term to the 
end of ten years, and if we shall then have made default, we will 
give him every week Id. on the pound by way of interest, as long as 
we shall hold that debt by his grant, and therefore we have given him 
in gage all our lands, rents, and chattels, wheresoever they may be, 
until we have paid the said debt and interest in full, and this grant 
we have made on the Word of God, and have confirmed it by our 
conventual seal : dated the morrow of St. Wilfrid next before [Mar- 
tinmas, in the thirty-second year of the reign of King Henry]. And 
by the said charter the attorney of the Lord Edward demands from 
the said Prior and Convent all the said debt. 

The said Prior came and craved inspection of the said charter, and 
had it, and said, that there was never any prior in the said house of 
Gisburn who bore the name of John of Overton ; he also says, that 
the said charter is not, as according to the Assize of Jewry it should 
be, in one of the Chirograph-Chests of the Jews ; wherefore he is not 
bound to answer touching the said debt. 

The said Prior further says, that the said charter is no good and 
true charter, nor was it ever made by any prior of the said house or 
the community, nor was it with his consent sealed with the [con- 
ventual] seal ; and this he is ready to verify in whatever way the 
Court of our Lord the King shall award, by the country, or other- 
wise. 

The attorney of the Lord Edward says, that the said charter is 
the Prior's deed and sealed with his seal, and offers to verify this 

1 I.e., as immediately appears, £'400, payable by annual instalments of £40. 



40 SCACOARIUM JUDEORUM 

quid Curia Domini Eegis consideraverit, per collacionem sigilli, vel 
alio rnodo. 

Et predictus Prior dicit, quod predicta carta non est bona, immo 
falsa, nee ex conciencia 1 ipsorum nurnquam emanavit, et de hoc ponit 
se super patriani. Et nullum aliud responsum ad sigillum dedit, nee 
aliquam racionem de falsitate predicte carte assignavit, nisi quod 
tantummodo dixit, quod totum predictum factum est falsum. 

Et attornatus prefati Domini Edwardi peciit judicium de predicto 
Priore et Conventu, tanquam indefensis, eo quod ad sigillum nullum 
responsum dederunt, nee aliquam racionem monstraverunt de hoc 
quod dixerunt predictam cartam esse falsam, nisi tantummodo quod 
dictum factum est falsum, et de hoc vellent verificare per patriani ; 
desicut attornatus predicti Domini Edwardi promptus fuit attingere 
per collacionem sigilli, vel alio modo, promt Curia Domini Eegis con- 
siderable Et super hoc habent diem, eras. 

Ad quern diem venit dictus Prior et defendit totum factum et 
scripturam, et de hoc ponit se super patriam. Et attornatus predicti 
Domini Edwardi dicit, quod predicta carta est factum dicti Prioris et 
Conventus, et sigillum dicto scripto appensum est predicte domus, et 
de hoc promptus est verificare, ut supra. 

Et postea, ad peticionem attornati prefati Domini Edwardi, 
Justiciarii adierunt Scaccarium Domini Eegis coram Thesaurario et 
Baronibus Domini Eegis, et tota predicta querela coram eis fuit 
reiterata et audita, et per eos dictum fuit predicto Priori, quod ad 
sigillum responderet. Et tunc predictus Prior dixit, quod aliquo 
tempore predictum sigillum fuit inpressio sigilli sui, set tamen pre- 
dicta cera, agnicio predicti scripti, maliciose apposita fuit, et de hoc 
ponit se super discrecionem predictorum Thesaurarii, Baronum et 
Justiciariorum. 

Et postea predictus Prior venit in presencia Eoberti Burnel, 
Domini Edwardi Cancellarii, et aliorum de Consilio Domini Edwardi, 
et finem fecit cum eodem Domino Edwardo per ccc m., solvendas 
eidem ad terminos subscriptos, videlicet, ad quindenam Pasche anno 
etc. lij", primo termino incipiente, c m., ad quindenam S. Martini 
proximo sequentem c m., et ad quiodenani Pasche proximo sequentem 
c m. Et si in aliquo termino defecerit, concessit quod de terris et 
catallis suis fiant. 

' See Glossary. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1268 40 

in whatever way the Court of our Lord the King shall award, by 
collation of the seal, or otherwise. 

And the said Prior says, that the said charter is no good charter, 
but spurious, and never issued from their community, and touching 
this he puts himself upon the country. And he made no other 
answer as to the seal, and assigned no reason for treating the said 
charter as spurious, but only said, that the whole of the said deed is 
spurious. 

And the attorney of the said Lord Edward craved judgment 
against the said Prior and Convent, as being without defence, inas- 
much as they gave no answer as to the seal, and showed no reason 
for saying that the said charter is spurious, but only said, that the 
said deed is spurious, and that as to that they would verify by the 
country; whereas the attorney of the said Lord Edward was ready to 
make the attaint by collation of the seal, or otherwise, as the Court 
of our Lord the King shall award. And as to this they have a day, 
to-morrow. 

On which day comes the said Prior and defends the whole matter 
and the writing, and as to this puts himself upon the country. And 
the attorney of the said Lord Edward says, that the said charter is 
the deed of the said Prior and Convent, and the seal pendent to the 
said writing is the seal of the said house, and as to this he is ready 
to verify, as aforesaid. 

And afterwards, on the petition of the attorney of the said Lord 
Edward, the Justices went before the Treasurer and Barons of our 
Lord the King in the Exchequer, before whom all the said cause was 
rehearsed and heard, and they ordered the said Prior to answer as to 
the seal. And then the said Prior said, that the said seal was the 
impression of the seal which he at one time used, but nevertheless 
the said wax had been wickedly attached to give the said writing a 
colour of authenticity, and touching this he puts himself upon the 
discretion of the said Treasurer, Barons, and Justices. 

And afterwards the said Prior came in presence of Kobert Burnel, 
Chancellor of the Lord Edward, and others of the Lord Edward's 
Council, and made fine with the said Lord Edward in 300 marks, pay- 
able to him at the terms underwritten, to wit, 100 marks on Easter 
quindene in the fifty-second year of the reign, the first term, 100 marks 
on the quindene of Martinmas next following, and 100 marks on 
Easter quindene next following. And if he should make default at any 
term, he granted that the amount be made of his lands and chattels. 



41 SCACCAEIUM JUDEORUM 

Henricus de Watdona, per breve de clamaeione, fecit venire 
Mosseurn de Clare, Judeum, Lincolnie, cum cirographo, tallia etc., ad 
computandum etc. Predictus Mosseus venit et protulit coram etc. 
quoddam cirographum quatuor libratarum annui redditus de feodo 
sub nominibus Thome de Watdona et ipsius Mossei, reddendarum ad 
festum S. Michaelis anno etc. xlviij , et sic de anno in annum in 
perpetuum : actum in crastino S. Gregorii Pape anno eodem. Et per 
predictum cirographum exigit de predicto Henrico, fratre et herede 
predicti Thome, predictum feodum cum arreragiis, unde pars in qua 
cera dependet fuit in Archa Cirographorum Lincolnie. 

Et predictus Henricus venit et dicit, quod injuste ab eo exigit 
predictum feodum, eo quod pars predicti cirographi in qua cera 
dependet non fuit in Archa Lincolnie tempore quo predicta Archa 
fuit combusta ; et de hoc ponit se super Cirographarios Christianos et 
-Judeos. Et predictus Judeus similiter. Et preceptum est Vicecomiti 
Lincoln', quod per sacramentum Cirographariorum Christianorum 
et Judeorum etc., si etc., quia tarn etc., et inquisicionem etc. a die 
Pasche in tres septimanas. Ad quern diem venit inquisicio sub sigillis 
predictorum Cirographariorum, tarn Christianorum quam Judeorum, 
qui dicunt super sacramentum suum, quod dicta carta iiij 1. annui 
redditus de feodo, sub nominibus Thome de Watdona et dicti Mossei, 
fuit in Archa Cirographorum Lincolnie die quo fuit per inimicos Begis 
combusta. Et quia dictus Henricus non venit, preceptum est Vice- 
comiti Cantebrig', quod ipsum venire faciat in octabis S. Trinitatis 
ad audiendum judicium et recordum suum. 

Abbe de Cantuaria, Judeus, attachiatus ad respondendum Roberto 
de Maresdenn de placito transgressionis, et unde queritur, quod dictus 
Abbe, circa festum Purificacionis B. Marie anno etc. xlvj , apud Londo- 
niam procuravit Adam de Bassihawe et Johannem de Ismongereslane 
ad testificandum maliciose et falso nomen Boberti, filii Augustini de 
Maresdenn, per quod idem Judeus fieri fecit unam cartam xiij m. sub 
nominibus predicti Boberti et dicti Abbe, et illam in Archa Cirogra- 
phorum Londonie poni fecit, desicut idem Bobertus non fuit in 
partibus illis ubi dicta carta facta fuit, ad maximum dampnum et 
exheredacionem ipsius Boberti ; et hoc offert etc. 

Predictus Abbe venit et defendit vim etc. et totum de verbo in 
verbum, quod inde non est culpabilis, et de hoc promptus est verificare 
per quicquid Curia Domini Begis consideraverit. Et super hoc habent 
diem, eras. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1268 41 

Henry de Whaddon, by writ of proclamation, caused Moses of Clare, 
Jew, of Lincoln, to come with chirograph, tally etc., to account etc. 
The said Moses came and produced a chirograph for £4 of yearly fee- 
rent under the names of Thomas de Whaddon and him, Moses, 
payable at Michaelmas in the forty-eighth year of the reign, and so 
year by year for ever : dated the morrow of Pope St. Gregory in the 
same year. And by the said chirograph he demands from the said 
Henry, brother and heir of the said Thomas, the said fee with arrears, 
the part from which the seal was pendent having been in the Lincoln 
Chirograph- Chest. 

And the said Henry comes and says, that he demands the said fee 
from him unlawfully, because the part of the said chirograph from 
which the seal was pendent was not in the Lincoln Chest at the time 
when the said Chest was burned ; and touching this he puts himself 
upon the Christian and Jewish Chirographers. And the said Jew like- 
wise. And the Sheriff of Lincolnshire is commanded, that by oath of 
the Chirographers Christian and Jewish etc., if etc., because as well 
etc., and the inquest etc. three weeks after Easter. On which day came 
the inquest under the seals of the said Chirographers, as well Chris- 
tians as Jews, who say upon their oath, that the said charter for £4 
of yearly fee-rent, under the names of Thomas de Whaddon and the 
said Moses, was in the Lincoln Chirograph- Chest on the day when it 
was burned by the King's enemies. And as the said Henry did not 
come, the Sheriff of Cambridgeshire is commanded to cause him to 
come on the octave of Holy Trinity, to hear his judgment and record. 

Abbe of Canterbury, Jew, attached to answer Eobert de Marsden 
touching a plea of trespass, whereof he complains, that the said 
Abbe did at London, about the feast of the Purification of Blessed 
Mary in the forty-sixth year etc., suborn Adam of Bassishaw and 
John of Ironmonger Lane wickedly and falsely to attest the name 
of Bobert, son of Augustine de Marsden, whereby the said Jew caused 
to be made a charter for 13 marks under the names of the said 
Bobert and the said Abbe, and caused it to be placed in the London 
Chirograph-Chest, whereas the said Bobert was not in those parts 
when the said charter was made, to his, Bobert's, very great loss and 
disherison ; and this he offers etc. 

The said Abbe comes and defends the force etc. and all of it 
word by word, that he is not guilty thereof, and as to this he is ready 
to verify in what way soever the Court of our Lord the King shall 
award. And touching this they have a day, to-morrow. 



ib. in. 
Leyc. 
ijs. 



Lnudun. 
xs. 



42 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

Ad quein diem venit predictus Robertus, et per licenciam Justicia- 
riorum retraxit se de brevi suo. Et postea per licenciam Justiciariorurn 
predicti Robertus et Abbe concordati sunt sub hac forma, quod pre- 
dictus Robertus remisit predicto Abbe omnem exaccionem quam 
liabuit versus eundem de omnibus transgressionibus, et injuste 
districcionibus eidem factis, et predictus Judeus perdonavit eidem 
Roberto totum predictum debitum, et omnia alia debita que umquam 
ei debuit a creacione seculi usque ad festum Purificacionis B. Marie 
anno etc. lij°. Et predictus Abbe dabit eidem Roberto v m., reddendo 
terminis subscriptis, videlicet, medietatem ad octabas Nativitatis S. 
Johannis Baptiste anno lij° ad Scaccarium Domini Regis de Judaismo, 
et aliam medietatem ad octabas S. Michaelis proximo sequentes ad 
illud Scaccarium. Et super hoc predictus Judeus concessit eidem 
Roberto omnes domos quas habet in Cantuaria, ad tenendum eas quo- 
usque predictus Judeus solvent predicto Roberto predictas v m. ; ita 
quod si dictus Judeus in aliquo dictorum terminorum defecerit, tunc 
dictus Judeus concessit, quod predicte domus remaneant eidem. . . .* 
eas per solvent. Et postea dictus Abbe dat Domino Regi ij m. pro 
secta Domini relaxanda, de quibus . . . m. 2 j m. et dim. solvet ad 
festum S. Hillarii anno liij , et dim. ad Pasclia anno etc. liij . 



Memorandum, quod Nicbolaus Wichard dat Domino Regi ij s. pro 
brevi de compoto habendo super Mosseum de Pavely 3 et Abbe, filium 
Jacobi. Et preceptum est Vicecomiti, quod ipsos venire faciat coram 
etc. ad quindenam Pasche cum cirographis etc., ad computandum, et 
interim pacem etc. 

Memorandum, quod Antera, que fuit uxor Magistri Mossei, Judea, 
venit coram etc., et solvit x s. de fine pro habendis catallis predicti 
viri sui. 



ib.m.9. Memorandum, quod Jospinus, filius Salomouis de Merleberg', venit 

Merieb. coram etc. in crastino Cinerum, et fecit intelligi Justiciariis, quod, 

cum Lumbardus, filius predicti Salomonis, frater predicti Jospini, 

babuit quandam filiam, nomine Joiette, que desponsata fuit Salomoni, 

1 Supply ' quousque Judeus.' 3 Perhaps Pavillyin Normandy. Cf. Lib. 

: Supply ' predictis ij.' Bub. de Scacc. (Rolls Ser.) Index, ' Pavily.' 



London. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1268 42 

On which day came the said Robert, and by leave of the Justices 
withdrew from his writ. And afterwards by leave of the Justices the 
said Robert and Abbe made fine in form following ; to wit, that the 
said Robert renounced all right of action which he had against the 
said Abbe in regard of all his trespasses, and distraints unlawfully 
made upon him, and the said Jew released to the said Robert 
all the said debt, and all other debts which he ever owed him 
from the beginning of the world to the feast of the Purification 
of Blessed Mary in the fifty-second year etc. And the said Abbe will 
give the said Robert 5 marks by render at the terms underwritten, to 
wit, one moiety on the octave of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist 
in the fifty-second year at our Lord the King's Exchequer of Jewry, 
and the other moiety at that Exchequer on the octave of St. Michael 
next following. And in regard thereof the said Jew granted to the 
said Robert all the houses which he has in Canterbury, to hold until 
the said Jew shall have paid the said Robert the said 5 marks ; so 
that if the said Jew shall make default at any one of the said terms, 
then he granted that the said houses remain in the possession of 
the said Robert until he shall have paid the said 5 marks in full. 
And thereafter the said Abbe gives our Lord the King 2 marks for 
release of the King's suit, and will pay H mark thereof at the feast 
of St. Hilary in the fifty-third year, and | mark at Easter in the fifty- 
third year of the reign. 

Be it had in remembrance, that Nicholas Wichard gives our Lord 
the King 2s. for a writ of account against Moses of Pavely and Abbe, 
son of Jacob. And the Sheriff is commanded to cause them to come 
before etc. on Easter quindene with chirographs etc., to account, and 
in the meantime peace etc. 

Be it had in remembrance, that Antera, wife that was of Master 
Moses, Jewess, came before etc., and paid 10s. on account of a fine for 
the chattels of her said husband. 



Be it had in remembrance, that Jospin, son of Solomon of Marl- 
borough came before etc. on the morrow of Ash Wednesday, and did 
the Justices to wit, that the said Solomon's son Lumbard, his, Jospin's, 
brother, had a daughter, Joiette by name, married to Solomon, son 



43 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

filio Lumbardi de Kricklade, ipsa habuit in Archa Cirographorum 
Merleberg' ununi cirographum xxxij m. sub nomine suo et Hugonis 
Lovel, rectoris ecclesie de Eadburne, ipsa Joietta postea se ad Fidem 
Ohristianam convertit, et post conversionem suani predictus Lum- 
bardus predictam cartam mutavit in nomine suo per quandam novani 
cartam, quam predictus Hugo eidem fecit, et predictam cartam xxxij m. 
eidem Hugoni liberavit quietam ; que quidem carta fuit Domini Eegis 
per conversionem predicte Joiette. Et quod hoc totum sit verum, 
obligat omnia bona et catalla sua Domino Eegi ad attingenda omnia 
predicta ; ita quod, si predicta non sint vera, remaneant omnia bona 
et catalla Domino Eegi quieta. Et preceptum est Yicecomiti, quod 
venire faciat predictum Hugonem, et Cirographarios Cbristianos Arche 
Cirographorum Merleberg', et vj Christianos de Merleberg' a die 
Pasche in xv dies, ad certificandum etc. Et dictum fuit eidem Jospino, 
quod sequeretur de die in diem versus dictum Lumbardum. Et ipse 
Jospinus non est prosecutus : ideo omnia catalla dicti Jospini capi- 
antur in manum Domini Eegis, prout ipse ea obligavit. Et 
preceptum est Vicecomiti et Cirographariis, quod habeant omnia 
catalla sua coram etc. a die Pasche in xv dies. Et dictus Lumbardus 
super premissis fuit calumpniatus, et de hoc ponit se super predictos 
Hugonem et Cirographarios et alios Christianos ; et habeat predictum 
diem per plegios ; Isaac, filium Isaac de Wiltonia, et Salomonem, filium 
Lumbardi. 



ib.m.9, Quia datur intelligi Justiciariis et eis procerto constat, quod Salle 

cant.' de Cantuaria, Judeus, habet unam cartam xxxv 1. sub nomine suo et 

Theobaldi de Helle extra Archam Cirographorum, contra Assisam 
Judaismi, preceptum fuit Vicecomiti Kancie, quod distringeret 
Rex - custodem filii et heredis predicti Theobaldi pro predictis xxxv 1., ita 

quod eas haberet coram etc. a die S. Hillarii in xv dies, ut patet in 
brevibus tunc retornatis. Et Yicecomes nichil inde fecit. Ideo, sicut 
alias, a die Pasche in xv dies. Et Yicecomes sit etc. 



ib. m. 10, 

ilorso. 

North. 



Magister Elias, films Magistri Mossei, recognovit per starrum 
suum, quod vendidit Domino Alano La Zuche et Elene La Zuche, 
uxori sue, et heredibus et suis assignatis, pro se et heredibus suis, 
debita subscripta ; videlicet, unum debitum de liiij 1. annui redditus 
de feodo sub nominibus David de Esseby, filii Willelmi, de Comitatu 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1268 



43 



of Lumbard of Oicklade ; which Joiette had in the Marlborough 
Chirograph-Chest a chirograph for 32 marks under the names of her- 
self and Hugh Lovel, rector of Eadbourn church, and was afterwards 
converted to the Christian Faith, and that after her conversion the 
said Lumbard changed the said charter for a new charter in his own 
name, which the said Hugh Lovel made for him, and delivered quit 
to the said Hugh the said charter for 82 marks ; which charter 
belonged to our Lord the King by reason of the conversion of the said 
Joiette. And he binds all his goods and chattels to our Lord the 
King for the attaint of the truth of all the said matters ; so that, if 
the said matters be not true, all his goods and chattels may remain 
to our Lord the King quit. And the Sheriff is commanded, that he 
cause the said Hugh, and the Christian Chirographers of the Marl- 
borough Chirograph-Chest, and six Christians of Marlborough to come 
on Easter quindene, to certify etc. And the said Jospin was bidden 
continue his suit day by day against the said Lumbard. And Jospin 
is in default in prosecution : therefore all the chattels of the said 
Jospin are to be taken into the hand of our Lord the King, as he 
bound them. And the Sheriff and the Chirographers are commanded 
to have all his chattels before etc. on Easter quindene. And the 
said Lumbard was charged on the premises, and touching this he puts 
himself upon the said Hugh and the Chirographers and other 
Christians ; and let him have the said day by pledges ; Isaac, son 
of Isaac of Wilton, and Solomon, son of Lumbard. 

Whereas the Justices are informed and hold it for certain, that 
Salle of Canterbury, Jew, has a charter for £35 under his name and 
that of Theobald of Helle outside the Chirograph-Chest, against the 
Assize of Jewry, the Sheriff of Kent was commanded, that he distrain 
the guardian of the son and heir of the said Theobald for the said 
£35, so that he have the money before etc. on Hilary quindene, as 
appears in the writs then returned. And the Sheriff did nought in 
pursuance thereof. Therefore, mandate as before, for Easter quin- 
dene. And let the Sheriff etc. 



Master Elias, son of Master Moses, for himself and his heirs [and 
assigns], acknowledged by his starr, that he has sold to Sir Alan La 
Zouch and Helen La Zouch, his wife, and their heirs and assigns, the 
debts [and yearly fees] underwritten ; to wit, a debt of £54 of yearly 
fee-rent under the names of David de Ashby, son of William, of the 



44 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

Northamptone, et predicti Magistri Elie, reddenclis in crastino 
Epiphanie anno etc. xlviij , actum v t0 die Martii anno etc. xlvij ; et 
unum debitum xx 1. sub nominibus predictorum David et Magistri 
Elie, reddendarum a die S. Michaelis in unum mensem anno etc. 
xlviij , actum xvj° die Septembris anno etc. xlvij ; et unum debitum 
iv xx 1., sub nominibus predictorum David et Magistri Elie, reddendo 
medietatem ad quindenam S. Johannis Baptiste anno etc. xlviij", et 
aliam medietatem ad quindenam S. Micbaelis sequentem, actum xvj° 
die Septembris anno xlvij ; et unum debitum xl 1. annui redditus de 
feodo sub nominibus predictorum David et Magistri Elie, reddendarum 
a die S. Michaelis in vj septimanas anno etc. xlviij , actum xv° die 
Septembris anno etc. xlvij ; et est summa omnium predictorum 
debitorum, tarn de sorte quam de lucro, cum arreragiis, tarn debitorum 
quam feodorum, usque ad confectionem predicti starri, Dc 1. et amplius, 
salvis terminis de predictis feodis Venturis ; que quidem feoda et debita 
predicta fuerunt extracta ab Archa Cirographorum Londonie tempore 
Comitis Leicestrie per ejus voluntatem et preceptum ; et postea 
fuer ant revocate per breve Domini Eegis patens hujusmodi perdona- 
ciones, ita quod hujusmodi factum nichil debitoribus Judeorum valere 
posset nee Judeis obesse, et quod Judei Anglie possent habere recupe- 
raciones suas versus debitores suos per partes suas, unde cere fuerunt 
extracte tempore predicti Comitis ; et unde predictus David, et heredes 
et sui assignati, tenentur in omnibus debitis et feodis predictis red- 
dendis, desicut dictus Magister Elias habet partes omnium predic- 
torum debitorum et feodorum, et sunt inrotulate in rotulis de 
Scaccario Judaismi ; et omnia predicta debita et feoda cum omnibus 
obligacionibus, arreragiis, et omnibus aliis que hide emergere possent, 
predictus Magister Elias vendidit predicto Alano et Elene, uxori ejus, 
et heredibus et suis assignatis bona vendicione et perpetua, pro se 
et heredibus et suis assignatis, tanquam bona debita et feoda integra- 
liter debita et fideliter facta secundum Consuetudinem Judaismi; 
AianusLa et quod de cetero sit potestas predicti Alani et Elene, uxoris sue, et 
heredum et assignatorum suorum in omnibus debitis et feodis predictis 
tanquam dicti Elie, et factum suuni tanquam factum predicti Elie, ad 
ea vendenda, donanda, invadianda et acquietanda quibuscumque 
voluerint, ad faciendum inde voluntatem suam, salvis x tamen quod 
ipsi domos prosternere nee boscos, gardinos vastare nee destruere 
possint ; et per istam vendicionem habeant predicti Alanus et Elena, 
et heredes et sui assignati, potestatem ad omnia predicta debita et 



1 Sic. 



Zui 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1268 44 

County of Northampton, and the said Master Elias, payable on the 
morrow of the Epiphany in the 48th year of the reign, dating from 
the 5th day of March in the 47th year of the reign ; and a debt of 
£20 under the names of the said David and Master Elias, payable a 
month after Michaelmas in the 48th year of the reign, dating from 
the 16 th day of September in the 47th year of the reign ; and a debt 
of £80 under the names of the said David and Master Elias, the debtor 
to pay one moiety on the quindene of St. John the Baptist in the 48th 
year of the reign, and the other moiety on Michaelmas quindene 
following, dating from the 16th day of September in the 47th year 
of the reign ; and a debt of £40 of yearly fee-rent under the names 
of the said David and Master Elias, payable six weeks after Michael- 
mas in the 48th year of the reign, dating from the 15th day of 
September in the 47th year of the reign ; and the sum of all the 
said debts, both principal and interest, with the arrears, as well 
of debts as of fees, to the making of the said starr, is £600 and 
more, without including future terms in the account of the said fees ; 
which said fees and debts were withdrawn from the London Chiro- 
graph-Chest in the time of the Earl of Leicester x and at his instance 
and command ; but afterwards releases of this kind were revoked by 
writ patent of our Lord the King, so as nought to avail against the 
Jews or in favour of their debtors, and that the Jews of England 
might have their recovery against their debtors by those parts which 
they held of the chirographs, the sealed parts of which were with- 
drawn from the Chests in the time of the said Earl ; and hence the 
said David, and his heirs and assigns, are bound in all the said debts 
and fees, seeing that the said Master Elias has the parts of the 
chirographs of all the said debts and fees, and they are enrolled in 
the rolls of the Exchequer of Jewry ; and all the said debts and 
fees, with all the obligations, arrears, and whatever else may arise 
thereout, the said Master Elias, for himself and his heirs and assigns, 
has sold to the said Alan and Helen, his wife, and their heirs and 
assigns, in good sale for ever, as good debts and due fees entirely 
sound and truly made according to the Custom of Jewry ; and to the 
intent that in future the said Alan and Helen, his wife, and their 
heirs and assigns, may have all the power of the said Elias, and their 
deed be as his deed, to make sale, grant, gage, and acquittance of all 
the said debts and fees to whomsoever they may will, and to do with 
them whatever they may choose, save, nevertheless, that they may 

1 I.e. in the time of Montfort's virtual supremacy, between the battle of Lewes, 14 
May 1264, and that of Evesham, 4 Aug. 12G5. 



North. 
Zuche. 



45 SCACCAEIUM JUDEOEUM 

feoda integraliter percipienda absque contradiccione de maneriis de 
Esseby et de Chaddestona, que sunt in Comitatu Northamptone, 
et de omnibus aliis terris et tenementis que fuerunt dicti David die 
confectionis predicti starri; et predictus Magister Elias, et heredes 
sui, warantizabit * et defendet omnia predicta debita et feoda predictis 
Alano et Elene, uxori sue, et heredibus et suis assignatis, versus 
omnes Judeos Anglie, homines et feminas, qui aliquid possent exigere 
occasione alicujus debiti quod predictus David eis debebat, a creacione 
seculi usque ad finem ; eo quod per voluntatem suam vendidit, pro 
se et heredibus suis, predictis Alano et Elene, et heredibus et suis 
assignatis, integre omnia predicta debita et feoda in perpetuum, ita 
quod predictus Magister Elias nee heredes sui aliquid possint exigere 
nee calumpniare in predictis debitis et feodis ; et similiter dictus 
Magister Elias concessit, quod nullum starrum nee aliquid aliud fecit 
nee faciet, quod possit impedire predictam vendicionem, nee in toto 
nee in parte ; et quotiescumque predictus Alanus et Elena, uxor ejus, 
et heredes et sui assignati habeant necessitatem de predicto Magistro 
Elia, vel heredibus suis, ad impetrandmn predicta debita et feoda, 
super predictum Magistrum Eliam et heredes suos est ad faciendum 
et prosequendum pro eo secundum Consuetudinem Judaismi, ad 
sumptus predictor urn Alani et Elene et heredum suorum. Predictum 
starrum factum fuit xix die Decembris anno etc. lij°. 



Magister Elias, films Magistri Mossei, recognovit per starrum 
suum, quod vendidit Domino Alano La Zuche, et heredibus et suis 
assignatis, totuni jus, clamium et demandam et potestatem que 
habuit, vel habere potuit, in uno debito liiij 1. annui redditus de feodo 
sub nominibus David de Esseby et predicti Elie, reddendarum in 
anno xlvj ; et de cetero predictus Magister Elias non poterit habere 
jus nee potestatem in predicto debito, nee in aliquo quod inde possit 
emergere, eo quod totum predictum debitum predictus Magister Elias 
vendidit, pro se et heredibus suis, predicto Domino Alano et heredibus 
et suis assignatis in perpetuum. 

Confirmacio Eegis de predictis debitis dictum Alanum contingen- 
tibus irrotulata est in Memorandis de Termino S. Hillarii anno etc. 
liiij . 

Samuel Mutun recognovit per starrum suum, quod concessit et 

1 Sic. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1263 45 

not demolish houses or waste or destroy woods or gardens ; and to 
the intent that by this sale the said Alan and Helen, and their heirs 
and assigns, may have entire and uncontestable power to get in all 
the said debts and fees from the manors of Ashby and Chaddeston, 
which are in the County of Northampton, and from all other lands 
and tenements which belonged to the said David on the day of the 
making of the said starr ; and the said Master Elias, and his heirs, 
will warrant and defend the right in all the said debts and fees of 
the said Alan and Helen, his wife, and their heirs and assigns, against 
all Jews and Jewesses of England, who may demand aught by reason 
of any debt which the said David owed them, from the creation to the 
end of the world ; seeing that he of his own accord, for himself and 
his heirs, has sold to the said Alan and Helen, and their heirs and 
assigns, all the said debts and fees for ever, so that neither the said 
Master Elias nor his heirs may aught demand or claim in the said 
debts and fees ; and the said Master Elias likewise granted that he 
neither has made nor will make any starr or aught else that may 
impede the said sale, either in whole or in part ; and as often as the 
said Alan and Helen, his wife, and their heirs and assigns have need 
of the said Master Elias, or his heirs, for the enforcement of their 
claim to the said debts and fees, it lies upon the said Master Elias 
and his heirs to act and proceed on that account according to the 
custom of Jewry, at the expense of the said Alan and Helen and 
their heirs. The said starr was made on the 19th day of December 
in the 52nd year of the reign. 

Master Elias, son of Master Moses, acknowledged by his starr, 
that he has sold to Sir Alan La Zouch, and his heirs and assigns, all 
the right, claim and demand and power which he had, or might have, 
in a debt of £54 of yearly fee-rent under the names of David de Ashby 
and the said Elias, payable in the 46th year ; and in future the said 
Master Elias shall have neither right nor power in the said debt, or 
in aught that may arise thereout, because the said Master Elias, for 
himself and his heirs, has sold the said debt to the said Sir Alan and 
his heirs and assigns for ever. 

The King's confirmation of the said debts pertaining to the said 
Alan is enrolled among the Memoranda of Hilary Term in the 54th 
year of the reign. 



Samuel Mutun acknowledged by his starr, that he has granted and 



46 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

climisit et per starrum suum confirmavit Willelmo cle Manalale, 
cepario, xxxiij d. annui redditus, quos predictus Willelmus solvere 
solebat predicto Judeo de teneinento suo de feodo Hugonis de Neyvill 
in parochia S. Michaelis in Bassinghag' versus West, habend' et 
tenend' predicto Willelmo de Manalale, vel cui vel quibus dare, ven- 
dere, legare vel assignare voluerit, eidem Willelmo, heredibus vel 
assignatis suis, de predicto Judeo, heredibus et assignatis suis, here- 
ditarie, libere, bene et in pace in perpetuum ; reddendo inde predictus 
Willelmus, heredes vel assignati sui, predicto Judeo, heredibus et 
assignatis suis, unum clavum garriofili ad Pascha pro omnibus serviciis 
et secularibus demandis. Et predictus Judeus, heredes et assignati 
sui, warantizabunt predictos xxxiij d. annui redditus de feodo predicto 
Willelmo, heredibus et assignatis suis, contra omnes homines et feminas, 
tarn Christianos quam Judeos ; et pro predicto servicio predictus 
Judeus, heredes et assignati sui, warantizabunt predictos xxxiij d. annui 
redditus de feodo predicto Willelmo, heredibus et assignatis suis in 
perpetuum. Et pro ista dimisione et concessione predictus Willelmus 
dedit predicto Judeo xx s. et v d. in gersumam propriis manibus. Et 
ut omnia prescripta rata sint et stabilia in perpetuum, predictus 
Judeus fecit predicto Willelmo starrum suum in loquela Ebraica ; 
quod quidem starrum duplicatum est in loquela Latina. Hiis testibus : 
Domino Willelmo de Orlavestona, Domino Roberto de Fuleham, 
Magistro Willelmo de Watford, tunc Justiciariis ad custodiam Ju- 
deorum assignatis ; Roberto Le Bret, Domino Johanne de Laufar, 
tunc Cirographariis ; Yives, filio Magistri, 1 Manuac, filii Aaron, tunc 
Cirographariis ; Bartholomeo de Castro, tunc custode de balliva quo 
vocatur Aldermanesgarde, et aliis. Actum v. die Januarii anno regni 
Regis Henrici lij°. 

iii. m. 12. Gamaliel de Oxonia recognovit per starrum suum, quod vendidit 

Baldewino Wake, et heredibus et assignatis suis, totum jus suum, 
demandam et calumpniam, que habet in una carta xxxvij 1. et x s. 
contra Reginaldum de Everemue de debito sub nominibus predicti 
Reginaldi et predicti Gamaliel, unde carta est in Archa Cirographorum 
Judeorum Londonie, una cum toto lucro inde emergente usque ad 
diem confectionis hujus starri ; quod quidem lucrum et debitum 
estimatur ad c et xx 1. : totum predictmn debitum et lucrum vero 
pro se, heredibus et assignatis suis, predicto Baldewino, heredibus et 
assignatis suis, bona et stabilia vendidit in perpetuum, pro lx 1., 
quas predictus Baldewinus solvet eidem Judeo infra quatuor annos, 

1 Sic : perhaps ' Mossei ' should be supplied. 



Li 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1268 4G 

demised and by his starr confirmed to William of Manalale, onion- 
dealer, 33d. of yearly rent, which the said William used to pay to 
the said Jew of his tenement of the fee of Hugh de Nevill in the 
parish of St. Michael in Bassishaw West, to have and to hold to the 
said William of Manalale, or to whomsoever he shall give, sell, be- 
queath or assign them, to the said William, his heirs or assigns, of 
the said Jew, his heirs and assigns, heritably, freely, well and in peace 
for ever ; render therefor to be made by the said William, his heirs or 
assigns, to the said Jew, his heirs and assigns, of a clove of gillyflower 
at Easter in lieu of all services and secular demands. And the said Jew, 
his heirs and assigns, will warrant the said 33d. of yearly fee-rent to 
the said William, his heirs and assigns, against all men and women, 
as well Christians as Jews ; and for the said service the said Jew, his 
heirs and assigns, will warrant the said 33d. of yearly fee-rent to the 
said William, his heirs and assigns for ever. And for this demise and 
grant the said William has given to the said Jew 20s. 5d. in fine with 
his own hands. And that all the aforewritten may hold good and 
endure for ever, the said Jew has made his starr to the said William 
in the Hebrew tongue ; which starr is duplicated in the Latin tongue. 
Witness these : Sir William de Orlaveston, Sir Eobert de Fulham, 
Master William de Watford, then Justices assigned to the custody of 
the Jews ; Eobert Le Bret, Sir John de Laufar, then Chirographers ; 
Vives, son of Master Moses (?), Manuac, son of Aaron, then Chiro- 
graphers ; Bartholomew de Castro, then warden of the bailiwick 
which is called Aldermanward, and others. Done on the fifth day of 
January in the fifty-second year of the reign of King Henry. 



Gamaliel of Oxford acknowledged by his starr, that he has sold to 
Baldwin Wake, and his heirs and assigns, all the right, demand, and 
claim, which he has against Keginald d'Evermue in a charter for 
£37 10s. of debt under the names of the said Beginald and Gamaliel, 
which charter is in the Chirograph-Chest of the Jews of London, with 
all the interest thence arising to the day of the making of this starr ; 
which interest and debt are reckoned at £120 : all the said debt and 
interest he for himself, his heirs and assigns, has sold to the said 
Baldwin, his heirs and assigns, in good and sure right for ever, for £60, 
which the said Baldwin will pay the said Jew within four years, as it 
is contained in a starr made between them : so that for the future the 



47 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

prout continetur in quodam starro inde inter eos confecto ; ita 
quod de cetero idem Baldewinus, et heredes et assignati sui, habeant 
potestatem in predicto debito ad acquietandum, recipiendum, donan- 
dum, vendendum, et ad pacem faciendam, et ad distringendum pre- 
dictum Eeginaldum nomine predicti Judei, et ad seisiendum terras 
et catalla sua, ubicunque fuerint, que sunt vadia predicti Judei pro 
debito secundum Assisam et Legem Judaismi ; excepto hoc, quod pre- 
dictus Baldewinus non possit extirpare vel destruere domos vel 
gardinos, nee amputare, vendere nee alienare boscos in predicta 
terra existentes ; et, si ita evenerit vel contingat quod predictus 
Beginaldus venit et ostendit aliquod starrum de acquietancia vel 
solucione, sub nominibus predicti Reginaldi et predicti Judei, de pre- 
dicto debito eidem Baldewino sic per predictum Judeum vendito, et 
predictus Judeus non possit adnichilare predictum starrum, tunc 
idem Judeus tenetnr remittere predicto Baldewino tantum quantum 
contentum fuerit in eodem starro de predicto debito in quo idem 
Baldewinus est obligatus predicto Judeo pro predicta vendicione, 
totum illud predictum debitum, sine aliqua contradiccione vel caluinp- 
nia, in predicto starro contentum, si quid idem Eeginaldus ostendit 
sicut predictum est. Et si ita contingat quod predictus Beginaldus 
aliquod exigit vel calumpniat versus predictum Baldewinum, occasione 
alicujus starri, quod sit sub nomine predicti Judei, quod possit vivere 
predictum debitum eidem Baldewino per predictum Judeum sic vendi- 
tum, usque post solucionem predictarum lx 1. quas predictus Balde- 
winus debet predicto Judeo pro predicta vendicione, tunc idem Judeus 
et heredes sui tenentur ad respondendum predicto Baldewino, heredibus 
et assignatis suis, secundum quantitatem illius debiti; et predictus 
Judeus jurat, quod non fecit aliquod starrum venditionis vel iuvadia- 
tionis de predicto debito, de toto nee de parte, alicui Christiano nee 
Judeo, homini vel femine, nee de cetero faciet aliquod starrum de ac- 
quietancia de predicto debito sine licencia et voluntate et assensu 
predicti Baldewini, heredum et assignatorum suorum. Et predictus 
Judeus, pro se et heredibus suis, tenetur ad warantizandum totum 
predictum debitum predicto Baldewino, heredibus et assignatis suis, 
contra omnes Judeos et Judeas. Actum die S. Hillarii anno regni 
Regis Henrici lij°. 

Henricus, Dei gratia Bex Anglie, Dominus Hibernie, et Dux 
Aquitanie, omnibus ballivis et fidelibus, ad quos presentes littere 
pervenerint, salutem. Dimisionem et concessionem quas Gamaliel 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1268 47 

said Baldwin, and his heirs and assigns, may have power to acquit, 
receive, grant, sell, and compound the said debt, and to distrain the 
said Keginald in the name of the said Jew, and to take seisin of his 
lands and chattels, wheresoever they maybe, which are the said Jew's 
gages for the said debt according to the Assize and Law of Jewry ; this 
being excepted, that the said Baldwin may not demolish or destroy 
houses or gardens, or cut, sell, or alienate woods on the said land ; 
and that, should it so come to pass or happen that the said Keginald 
comes and shows a starr of acquittance or payment, under the names 
of the said Reginald and the said Jew, for the said debt so by the said 
Jew sold to the said Baldwin, and the said Jew is not able to annul 
the said starr, then the said Jew is bound to remit to the said Baldwin 
all wherein the said Baldwin is bound to the said Jew in the said 
starr for the sale of the said debt, to wit, all the said debt contained in 
the said starr, without any contest or claim, if the said Reginald 
shows aught as aforesaid. And if it should so happen that the said 
Reginald demands or claims aught against the said Baldwin, by 
reason of any starr, under the name of the said Jew, for the prolonga- 
tion of the life of the said debt so sold to the said Baldwin by the said 
Jew, after the payment of the said £60 which the said Baldwin owes 
the said Jew for the said sale, then the said Jew and his heirs are 
bound to answer the said Baldwin, his heirs and assigns, according 
to the quantity of that debt ; l and the said Jew swears, that he has 
not made any starr of sale or gage of the said debt, either in whole 
or in part, to any Christian or Jew, male or female, nor will in future 
make any starr of acquittance of the said debt without the leave, will, 
and assent of the said Baldwin, his heirs and assigns. And the said 
Jew, for himself and his heirs, is bound to warrant all the said debt to 
the said Baldwin, his heirs and assigns, against all Jews and Jewesses. 
Done on the day of St. Hilary in the fifty-second year of the reign of 
King Henry. 



Henry, by the grace of God King of England, Lord of Ireland, 
and Duke of Aquitaine, to all his bailiffs and lieges, to whom the 
present letters may come, greeting. Ratifying and approving the 

1 I.e., if the Jew have not entirely dis- he may sustain thereby. ' Vivere ' is un- 
charged his claim against Keginald, he usual in such a connection, but no other 
shall make good to Baldwin any loss which reading seems to be possible. 



48 SCACCAEIUM JUDEORUM 

Judeus noster, Londonie, fecit dilecto et fideli riostro, Baldewino Wake, 
de debito xxx et vij 1. et x s., in quo Beginaldus de Evermue eidem 
Judeo tenebatur per cartam suam, habend' eidem Baldewino et 
heredibus vel assignatis suis, ratas habentes et gratas, eas pro Nobis 
et heredibus nostris, quantum in Nobis est, concedimns et con- 
firmamus, sicut scriptum inde inter eos confectum racionabiliter 
testatur. In cujus rei testimonium has litteras nostras fieri feeimus 
patentes. Teste Me ipso apud Westmonasterium xxviij die Januarii 
anno regni nostri lij°. 

ih. m . 12, Haginus de Lincolnia i recognovit per starrum suum, quod si ita 

NorV est quod Dominus Bicardus de Stauns solvat lvj 1., videlicet, medieta- 

tem ad Pentecosten anno etc. lij°, et medietatem ad festum S. Martini 
proximo sequens, tunc est super predictum Haginum solvere predicto 
Domino Bicardo xx 1. de feodo, cum arreragiis, super quoddam feodum 
c I. ; et illud feodum erit in loco certo ; quod quidem feodum erit 
sufficiens vadium ad predictas xx 1. cum arreragiis ; et istam conven- 
cionem cepit predictus Judeus super se plenariam facere infra Penta- 
costen, si predictus Judeus invenire possit sufficiens vadium de 
predicto debito. 



DE TEBMINO PASCHE ANNO QUINQUAGESIMO SECUNDO. 

Jacob, le fiz Peyuteuyn, 2 et Beneyt, fiz Peyuteuyn, de Bed', Judei, 
veniunt coram etc. et recognoscunt starrum subscriptum in hec 
verba : — Jeo, ky suy de suz encele, reconeys pur mey et tesmoyngne 
pur ma mere, Bele, de Bedford, jadis femme Peyuteuyn, le fiz Isaac, de 
Bedford, ke nous avums lesse e vendu al honurable Gilbert de Clare, 
Counte de Gloucestre, et a ses heyrs e a ses assignez, tut le dreyt et le 
cleym, chalenge et obligement etle poer ke nus avyum, ou aver poyum, 
sur touz les dettes ke Willani de Whyston ou nul de ses auncestres 
deveyent al avaunt dist Peyuteuyn, mon pere, ou a acun de ses 
auncestres, del comencement del mound jesk' al jour de cest estarr 
fu fet ; ceo est a saver, iiij dettes, une dette de xx 1. en le noun del 
avant dit Willani de Whyston et Peyuteuyn, mon pere, dount le 
terme fu a la Tyffayngne, le an xlij de regne nostre Seignur ly Bey 
Henry, fiz ly Bey Johan, et une dette de xx 1. en les nouns de les 
avant diz Willam et Peyuteuyn, dount le terme de la paye fu a la 

1 Cf. p. 34 supra, and Records of Trinity Deeds of English Jews before 1290, ed. 

Term, 5 Ed. I., infra. Davis, Index. 

■ Sic : but evidently for Peitevin or Pic- 3 Transferred from Rot. 33, m. 5, dorso 

tavinus. See p. 35 supra ; and cf. Hebrew (Easter, 7 Ed. I.). 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1268 48 

demise and grant which Gamaliel, our Jew, of London, has made to 
our dear liege, Baldwin Wake, of a debt of £37 10s., in which Reginald 
d'Evermue was bound to the said Jew by his charter, to have to the 
said Baldwin and his heirs or assigns, We for Ourself and our heirs 
do, as far as in Us lies, grant and confirm the same, as the writing- 
made between them reasonably testifies. In witness whereof We 
have caused to be made these our letters patent. Witness Myself at 
Westminster on the 2Sth day of January in the fifty-second year 
of our reign. 

Hagin of Lincoln acknowledged by his starr, that if Sir Richard 
de Staines pay £56, to wit, one moiety at Pentecost in the fifty-second 
year, and one moiety at Martinmas next following, then the said 
Hagin is bound to pay the said Sir Richard £20 of fee, with arrears, 
on a certain fee of £100 ; and that fee shall be in a place certain, and 
shall be a sufficient gage for the said £20 with arrears ; and the said 
Jew took upon himself to give full effect to this covenant before 
Pentecost, if the said Jew be able to find sufficient gage for the said 
debt. 



EASTER TERM IN THE FIFTY-SECOND YEAR. [a.d. 1268.] 

Jacob, son of Peitevin, and Benedict, son of Peitevin, of Bedford, 
Jews, come before etc., and acknowledge ihe underwritten starr to 
this effect : — I, whose seal is below, acknowledge for myself and 
witness for my mother, Belle, of Bedford, late wife of Peitevin, son of 
Isaac, of Bedford, that we have leased and sold to the Honourable 
Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester, and his heirs and assigns, all 
the right and claim, right of recovery, obligation, and all other the 
power which we had, or might have, upon all the debts of William de 
Whiston, or any of his ancestors, owing to the said Peitevin, my 
father, or any of his ancestors, from the beginning of the world to 
the day when this starr was made ; to wit, four debts, one of £20 in 
the names of the said William de Whiston and Peitevin, my father, 
of which the term was Epiphany in the forty-second year of the reign 
of our Lord King Henry, son of King John, and a debt of £20 in 
the names of the said William and Peitevin, of which the term of 



49 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

Pask', le an xlij del regne avant dit, et une dette de lxxviij 1. e vj 
summes ' de furment en les nuns des avant diz Willam e Peyuteuyn, 
a rendre xxvj 1. et ij summes de furment a la feste Seynt Nicholas, le 
an xlij del regne avant dit, et xxvj 1. e ij summes de furment a la 
Chaundelur suant, e xxvj 1. et ij summes de furment al Hokeday 
suant, et cent souz de fe de anuele rente, dount les termes furent a les 
vytaves de la Pask', le an xliij del regne avant dit, la meyte, et a le 
Seynt Michel suant apres, lautre meyte, ceo est a saver, 1 s. a checun 
terme, et issi de terme en terme, de an en an, jesk' a la fin del syecle : 
totes les avant dites furent en la Huche nostre Seygnur ly Piey des 
Cyrogreffes a Bedford, ke fu tolue e arse par les enemys ly Eey en tens 
de guere et turbulaciun : totes les dettes avant dites enterement, ove 
le gayn ke il y at amunte jesk' al jour ke cest estarr fu fet, ceo est 
a saver, mil mars en chatel e en gayn, tut ceo avums nus lesse al 
honurable Counte avant dit, et a ses heyrs e a ses assignez, pur nus e 
pur noz heyrs et pur noz assignez, vente partite e estable e durable a 
touz jours, cum dettes enterement dues et leles, cum fetes de meyn de 
clerck' cyrogreffes jure al Eey, et receves de denz la Huche de Bedford 
avant dite cum Usage e Dreyt de Juerye. E Jeo grant pur mey e pur 
ma mere ke nus ne avums ren receu de totes les dettes avant dites, ne 
del chatel ne del gayngne, ne nient receverums, ne ke nus ne avums 2 
al avant dit Willam, ne a ses heyrs ne a ses assignez, nul estarr de 
aquitaunce, ne ne ferums, si il ne seyt par le cunge et par le seu le 
honurable Counte avaunt dit, et par son comaundement ; e si nul Jeu 
ou Crestyen aporte estar ou aquitaunce de les avant dites, ou de 
partye de chatel ou del gayn, el nun mon pere, Peyuteuyn, avant dit, 
ou en noz nouns, Jeo coneys pur mey e pur ma mere ke il est faus, e 
sumes obligez a prover e averer ke il est issi, ct abatre le anient :! par 
Dreyt e Usage de Juerye. E si il y vient Jeu ou Crestyen et cleyme 
dreit, sur le avant dit Counte mette nul despens par enchesun del 
cleym avant dit, totes ses despenses, ovek' le damage e la perte ke il 
averat par nostre defaute, sumes tenuz nus e noz heyrs a fere luy 
restorer ; e quel houre ke le avant dit Counte voudra, ke nus queriums 
bref ly Key sur Willam le avant dit ou sur ses heyrs, de somunce ou 
de destresce, par Dreit et Usage de la Juerye, nous serroms prestz 
a quere le sur ses despenses. E nus sumes obligez a garauntyr et 
defendre al avant dit Counte totes les avant dites dettes, ovek' le geyn, 
en tote la manere ke est duuse, a luy e a ses heyrs e a ses assignez pur 
nus e pur nos heyrs e noz assignez, encountre touz eels ki cleym i 

1 See Glossary. - .Sic. Supply ' fet ' from the subsequent ' ferurns.' a See Glossary. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1268 49 

payment was Easter in the forty-second year of the said reign, and 
a debt of £78 and six seams of wheat in the names of the said 
William and Peitevin, to wit, to render £26 and two seams of wheat 
at the feast of St. Nicholas in the forty-second year of the said reign, 
and £26 and two seams of wheat at Candlemas following, and £26 
and two seams of wheat at Hokeday following, and 100s. of yearly 
fee-rent, of which the terms were, as to one moiety the octave of 
Easter in the forty-third year of the said reign, and as to the other 
moiety the feast of St. Michael following, to wit, 50s. at each term, 
and so, term by term, year by year, to the end of the world ; all 
which said debts were in our Lord the King's Chirograph-Chest 
at Bedford, which was taken and burned by the King's enemies when 
the realm was distraught with war : all the said debts in full, with 
the interest accrued to the day when this starr was made, to wit, 
1,000 marks in principal and interest, all this sum we, for ourselves 
and for our heirs and for our assigns, have leased to the said 
Honourable Earl, and his heirs and his assigns, in sale complete, sure, 
and perpetual, as debts altogether due and lawful, as made by 
the King's sworn chirograph-clerk, and received into the said 
Chirograph-Chest at Bedford according to the Custom and Law of 
Jewry. And for myself and my mother I warrant that we neither 
have received nor will receive aught of all the debts aforesaid, either 
of principal or of interest, and that we neither have made nor will 
make in favour of the said William, or his heirs or his assigns, any 
starr of acquittance, save by leave and with the knowledge and by the 
order of the said Honourable Earl ; and if any Jew or Christian bring 
any starr of acquittance of the said debts, or of part of the principal 
or interest, either in the name of my said father, Peitevin, or in our 
names, I for myself and my mother acknowledge that it is false, and 
that we are bound to prove and establish that it is so, and to abate 
the error by the Law and Custom of Jewry. And if there come Jew 
or Christian and set up claim of right, and by reason of the said 
claim put the said Earl to any expense, we and our heirs are bound 
to make good to him all his expenses, with the damage and loss which 
he may have sustained by our default ; and whensoever the said Earl 
shall be minded, that we sue out the King's writ against the said 
William or his heirs, whether writ of summons or writ of distress, by 
the Law and Custom of Jewry, we will forthwith sue out the same at 
his expense. And we are bound to warrant and defend to the said 
Earl all the said debts, with the interest, in whatever manner is due, 
for us and for our heirs and our assigns to him and his heirs and 



50 SCACOARIUM JUDEORUM 

purrunt mettre pur Peyuteuyn, mon pere, oui pur nus. E totes les 
terres, rentes et tenernenz ke le avant dit Willam de Whyston ad 
vendu, a quel home ke il les ad vendu, ceo est a saver, del jour ke les 
quatre dettes avant dites furent fetes, sumes obligez nus e noz heyrs 
a fere venir eus a play, quel hure ke le honurable Counte avant dit 
voudra, ceo est a saver, sur ses despenses, a respundre a luy sulom 
Custume e Usage de Jurye de tote la porcion ke a eus apendra, solom 
le pris e la value des teres, rentes e tenernenz ke els acbaterunt puys 
ke noz dettes avant dites furent fetes. E ceste vente, warantye e 
defens' avant dites avunis obligez noz teres, rentes e chatels, nioebles 
e nun moebles. E Jeo grant pur rney, e tesmoyngne pur ma mere 
Bele avant dite, ke les quatre dettes avant dites sur les nuns Willam 
de Whyston e Peyuteuyn avant diz furent enroulez en les roules 
Synmn Passelewe, quant il ala a enrouler partye de Huches de Engle- 
tere, e furent apurez en le tens Johan de Kauz, Abbe de Burgh', dunk' 
Tresorer del Escheker. E totes les avant diz covenaunz a aver les 
fermes et estables al avant dit honurable Counte, e a ses heyrs e a ses 
assignez, sumes tenuz nus e noz heyrs e noz assignez, et totes les 
covenaunz ay Jeo grante e ensele pur mey e pur ma mere, Bele, e pur 
noz heyrs, e pur nos assignez. Cest estar fu fet lendemeyn del Hoke- 
day, le an lij del regne ly Eey Henry, fiz ly Rey Johan. E ceo ke Jeo 
ay grante ay Jeo ensele purmey et tesmoigne pur ma mere Bele. 



CORAM DOMINO BEGE DE OCTABIS PURIFICATIONIS 
B. MARIE ANNO ETC. QUINQUAGESIMO QUARTO. 

Dominus Rex mandat Justiciariis suis ad placita Judeorum assig- 
natis, quod mitterent hue placitum et recordum coram eis habitum 
inter Thomam Malemeyns, querentem, et Mabilliam Maleineyns, 
Willelmum de Pontona et Petrum de Pontona, executores testamenti 
Henrici Malemeyns, ad hune diem, de placito acquietacionis x m. 
Ad quem diem, predicti Justiciarii miserunt predictum placitum et 
recordum. Postea venit predictus Thomas Malemeyns, et peciit licen- 
ciam concordandi cum predictis Mabillia et aliis. Habeat ad instanciam 
Domine Regine. Et est concordia talis : quod predictus Thomas per- 

1 From Curia Regis Roll 107, m. 17. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1270 50 

his assigns, against all those who may make claim thereto through 
my father, Peitevin, or through us. And as to all the lands, rents 
and tenements which the said William de Winston has sold, to whom- 
soever he has sold them, to wit, from the day when the said four 
debts were made, we and our heirs are bound to cause them come to 
plea, whenever the said Honourable Earl shall be so minded, to wit, 
at his expense, to answer him according to the Custom and Usage of 
Jewry, for the several portions of the debts resting upon each of them, 
according to the price and value of the lands, rents and tenements 
which they shall have purchased since our said debts were made. 
And for this sale, warranty, and defence aforesaid we have bound 
our lands, rents and chattels, movable and immovable. And for 
myself and my mother, Belle, aforesaid, I warrant and witness that 
the four said debts under the names of William de Whiston and 
Peitevin, aforesaid, were enrolled in the rolls of Simon Passelewe, 
when he went to enroll the contents of some of the Chirograph - 
Chests of England, and were liquidated in the time ' of John de 
Caux, Abbot of Peterborough, then Treasurer of the Exchequer. 
And we, and our heirs and our assigns, are bound to the said 
Honourable Earl, and his heirs and his assigns, to keep all the said 
covenants unbroken and unimpaired, and all the said covenants 
I have made and sealed for myself and my mother, Belle, and for our 
heirs, and for our assigns. This starr was made on the morrow 
of Hokeday in the fifty-second year of the reign of King Henry, son 
of King John. And that which I have granted I have sealed for 
myself and witnessed for my mother, Belle. 

BEFORE OUR LORD THE KING ON THE OCTAVE OF THE 
PURIFICATION OF BLESSED MARY IN THE FIFTY- 
FOURTH YEAR ETC. [a.d. 1270.] 

Our Lord the King commands his Justices assigned to the pleas 
of the Jews to send hither on this day the plea and record, touching 
an acquittance of 10 marks, had before them between Thomas Male- 
meyns, plaintiff, and Mabel Malemeyns and William de Ponton and 
Peter de Ponton, executors of the will of Henry Malemeyns. On 
which day the said Justices sent the said plea and record. Afterwards 
came the said Thomas Malemeyns, and craved leave to make fine with 
the said Mabel and others. Let him have it at the instance of our 
Lady the Queen. And the fine is so, that the said Thomas released 

1 45-47 Hen. III., 1260-2. Madox, ii. 319. 



Rot 10, m. J 

ilorso. 
Kane. 



51 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

donavit et remisit prefatis Mabillie et aliis omneni accioneni quam 
habuit versus eos petendi predictas x m., pro debito prefati Henrici 
Malemeyns, in quo aliquando tenebatur Vives, filio Magistri Mossei, 
Judeo, Londonie. Pro hac auteru perdonacioue et reuiissione dabunt 
prefati Mabiilia et alii prefato Thome vj rn., reddendas eidem Thome 
ad Pascha proximo sequens. Et nisi fecerint, concedunt, quod Yice- 
comes faciat de terris et catallis etc. Postea venit attornatus predicte 
Mabillie, et solvit Thome Malemeyns ij m., et petit, quod nulla dis- 
triccio fiat super earn de cetero pro residuo, quia predicti Willelmus de 
Pontona et Petrus de eadem satis habent unde solvere. Et predictus 
Thomas hoc bene concedit. 



DE TEBMINO PASCHE ANNO QUINQUAGESIMO QUAETO. 

Pex optulit se iiij° die versus Badulfuru Haket, Johannem de 
Pecham, Johannem de La Haye, Johannem de Ostregate, Laurentium 
de Neusel', Hugonem de S. Gregorio, Willelmum de Stonham, Eogerum 
de Tudesham, Thomam de Farle, Eeginaldum de Blancmuster, 
Eadulfum de Byham, Eogerum de Tilmannestona, Nicholaum Barrok' 
et Mainardum "Winiund, de placito, quod nuper tempore turbacionis 
pacis in regno habite venerunt ad domum Simonis Paable in Cantuaria, 
et Archam Cirographorum Cantuarie in domo ilia existentem vi et armis 
amoveri et asportari fecerunt, contra pacem etc. Et ipsi non venerunt. 
Et preceptum fuit Yicecomiti, quod ipsos attachiari faceret, ita quod 
haberet corpora eorum coram etc. Et Yicecomes mandavit, quod 
Willelmus Haket et Elias de Betleshangre manuceperunt predictum 
Eadulfum Haket, et Elias Le Paumer et Nigellus de Chetham manu- 
ceperunt Johannem de Pecham, et Willelmus films Willelmi, de Orla- 
vestona, et Edmundus Waryn manuceperunt Laurentium de Neusel', 
et Willelmus de Tudesham et Petrus de Berklinden' manuceperunt 
Eogerum de Tudesham et Eogerus Cocus, de Wereham, et Edmundus 
Molendinarius, de Orlavestona, manuceperunt Nicholaum Barrok', et 
Eicardus, filius Nicholai de La Broke, et Adam, films Nicholai de eadem, 
manuceperunt Mainardum Wimund, quos non habuerunt (ideo in 
misericordia), et quod Johannes de La Haye, Johannes de Ostregate, 
Hugo de S. Gregorio, Willelmus de Stonham, Eogerus Blancmuster, 
Eadulfus de Byham nichil habent in balliva sua per quod possint dis- 
tringi. Judicium, quod predicti Eadulfus Haket et alii distringantur 
per terras et catalla etc., ita quod nee ipsi etc., et quod de exitibus etc., 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEAN'S, A.D. 1270 51 

and renounced to the said Mabel and others all right of action which 
he had against them for the recovery of the said 10 marks, on account 
of airy debt of the said Henry Malemeyns, in which he was bound to 
Vives, son of Master Moses, Jew, of London. For which release and 
renunciation the said Mabel and others will give to the said Thomas 
6 marks, payable to the said Thomas at Easter next following. And 
if they should make default, they grant that the Sheriff make of then- 
lands and chattels etc. Afterwards comes the attorney of the said 
Mabel, and pays Thomas Malemeyns 2 marks, and craves, that there 
be no distress upon her in future for the residue, because the said 
William de Ponton and Peter de Ponton have wherewith to pay. And 
it is so granted by the said Thomas. 



EASTER TERM IN THE FIFTY-FOURTH YEAR. [a.d. 1270.] 

The King offered himself on the fourth day against Ralph Haket, 
John de Peckham, John de La Hay, John de Oystergate, Laurence de 
Newsells, Hugh de St. Gregory, William de Stoneham, Roger de 
Tudsham, Thomas de Farley, Reginald de Blancminster, 1 Ralph de 
Byham, Roger de Tilmanstone, Nicholas Barrock and Maynard 
Wimund, touching a plea, that during the recent disordered state of 
the realm they came to the house of Simon Pabley in Canterbury, and 
with force and arms caused the Canterbury Chirograph-Cheat, which 
was then in that house, to be removed and taken away, against the 
peace etc. And they did not come. And the Sheriff was commanded 
to cause them to be attached, so as to have their bodies before etc. 
And the Sheriff sent word, that William Haket and Elias de 
Betshanger mainperned the said Ralph Haket, and Elias Le Paumer 
and Nigel de Chetham mainperned John de Peckham, and William 
Fitz William, of Orleston, and Edmund Waryn mainperned Laurence 
de Newsells, and William de Tudsham and Peter de Berklinden 
mainperned Roger de Tudsham, and Roger Cook, of Warham, 
and Edmund Miller, of Orleston, mainperned Nicholas Barrock, 
and Richard, son of Nicholas de La Broke, and Adam, son of Nicholas 
de La Broke, mainperned Maynard Wimund, and had them not — 
so in mercy— and that John de La Hay, John de Oystergate, Hugh de 
St. Gregory, William de Stoneham, Roger Blancminster, and Ralph de 
Byham have nought in his bailiwick whereby they may be distrained. 
Judgment, that the said Ralph Haket and the others be distrained by 
lands and chattels etc., so that neither they etc., and that touching the 

1 Both Whitchurch and Oswestry were so designated. Eyton, Shropshire, x. 18, 335. 



52 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

et quod haberet corpora eorum coram etc. in octabis S. Trinitatis, ad 
respondendum etc., et ad audiendum etc., et quod predicti Johannes 
de La Haye et alii attachientur. 

Henna, que fuit uxor Aaron de Eboraco, optulit se iiij die versus 
Thomam Kyme, de Northamptona, de placito, quod ei reddat raciona- 
bilem dotem suam, que earn contingit de libero tenemento quod fuit 
predicti Aaron, quondam viri soi, in Northamptona, unde nichil habet, 
ut dicit, et unde queritur quod predictus Thomas vi deforciat. Et ipse 
non venit ; et preceptum fuit Vicecomiti, quod ipsum summoneret 
quod esset coram etc. ad hunc diem. Et Vicecomes mandavit, quod 
retornatum fuit ballivis Libertatis Northamptone, qui nichil inde 
responderunt. Judicium, quod non omittat propter predictam 
Libertatem, quin earn etc., et ipsum summoneat etc., quod sit coram 
etc. a die S. Johannis Baptiste in xv dies, ad respondendum etc. 



Henna, que fuit uxor Aaron de Eboraco, Judea, que tulit breve 
super Adam de Normanvilla, tenentem quandam partem terrarum que 
fuerunt Eadulfi de Normanvilla, de placito debiti non est prosecuta. 
Ipsa Henna et Isaac, nepos Aaron, Samuel, films Isaac, Judei, Eboraci, 
plegii sni, in misericordia. 

Henna, que fuit uxor Aaron de Eboraco, Judea, optulit se iiij die 
versus Abbatem de Fontibus, Walterum de Merkefeld et Johannem Le 
Walays, tenentes terras que fuerunt Nicholai de Bohum, de placito, 
quod ei reddant vj 1. quas ei debent occasione finis facti cum Eege 
pro catallis que fuerunt Samuelis, filii Aaron, Judei, fratris ipsius 
Henne, et occasione predictarum terrarum quas tenent, et que sunt 
vadium suum pro predicto debito secundum convencionem factam inter 
predictum Nichoiaum et predictum Samuelem per cirographum vj 1., 
unde altera pars etc. fuit in Thesauro Regis, que tempore turbacionis 
regni depredata fuit, ut dicitur. Et ipsi non venerunt ; et preceptum 
fuit Vicecomiti, quod ipsos venire faceret. Et Vicecomes mandavit, 
quod Bobertus, filius Alexandri de Usburna, et Johannes de Graftona 
manuceperunt predictum Abbatem, et quod Thomas ad Portam de 
Munketona, pistor, de eadem, manuceperunt predictum Johannem, 
quosnon habent (ideo in misericordia), et quod Walterus de Merkefeld 
non fuit inventus postquam breve venit. Judicium, quod distringat 
per terras etc., ita quod nee ipsi etc., et quod habeat corpora eorum 
coram etc. in octabis S. Trinitatis, ad respondendum etc., et ad 
audiendum etc. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.I). 1270 52 

issues etc., and that he have their bodies before etc. on the octave of 
Holy Trinity, to answer etc., and to hear etc., and that the said John 
de La Hay and the others be attached. 

Henna, wife that was of Aaron of York, offered herself on the 
fourth day against Thomas Kyme, of Northampton, touching a plea, 
that he render her her reasonable dower, which falls to her in regard of 
the free tenement which belonged to the said Aaron, her late husband, 
in Northampton, whereof she has nothing, so she says, and whereof 
she complains that the said Thomas deforces her. And he did not 
come ; and the Sheriff was commanded to summon him to be before 
etc. on this day. And the Sheriff sent word, that return was made to 
the bailiffs of the Liberty of Northampton, who answered nought 
thereto. Judgment, that he omit not by reason of the said Liberty to 
enter the same and summon him etc., to be before etc. on the quindene 
of St. John the Baptist, to answer etc. 

Henna, wife that was of Aaron of York, Jewess, who brought writ 
against Adam de Norman ville, tenant of part of the lands which 
belonged to Ealph de Normanville, touching a plea of debt, has not 
prosecuted. Henna and Isaac, Aaron's nephew, and Samuel, son of 
Isaac, Jews, of York, her pledges, in mercy. 

Henna, wife that was of Aaron of York, Jewess, offered herself on 
the fourth day against the Abbot of Fountains, Walter de Markenfield, 
and John Le Walays, tenants of lands which belonged to Nicholas de 
Bohun, touching a plea, that they pay her £6 which they owe her in 
respect of a fine made with the King for the chattels which belonged 
to Samuel, son of Aaron, Jew, her, Henna's, brother, and in respect 
of the said lands which they hold, and which are her gage for the 
said debt pursuant to an agreement made between the said Nicholas 
and Samuel by chirograph for £6, of which the other part etc. was in 
the King's Treasury, and was stolen, so it is said, during the late 
disorders in the realm. And they did not come ; and the Sheriff was 
commanded to cause them to come. And the Sheriff sent word, that 
Bobert, son of Alexander de Ouseburn, and John de Grafton main- 
perned the said Abbot, and that Thomas at Monkton Gate, baker, of 
the same place, mainperned the said John, and they have them not— so 
in mercy — and that Walter de Markenfield was not found when the 
writ came. Judgment, that he distrain by lands etc., so that neither 
they etc., and that he have their bodies before etc. on the octave of 
Holy Trinity, to answer etc., and to hear etc. 



ib. m. 7. 
Cantelir. 



53 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

Henna, que fuit uxor Aaron de Eboraco, Judea, optulit se iiij die 
versus Adam, filium Eicardi de Scouteby, de placito, quod ei reddat 
cix s., Hugonem de Hnckerby lx s., et Eobertum, filium Thome de 
Ettona, vj L, quos quidem denarios ei debent occasione finis quern pre- 
dicta Henna fecit cum Eege pro catallis Samuelis, filii Leonis, Judei, 
mortui, fratris sui, habendis, secundum convencionem factam inter 
predictos Adam, Hugonem et Eobertum et predictum Samuelem per 
tria cirographa, unde partes etc., que fuerunt in Thesauro Eegis 
tempore turbacionis regni, depredate fuerunt, ut dicitur. Et ipsi non 
venerunt; et preceptum fuit Vicecomiti, quod ipsos venire faceret. 
Et Vicecomes mandavit, quod Eobertus Scitals, de Morland, et Thomas 
Le Escote, de Huckerby, manuceperunt predictum Hugonem, quern 
non habent (ideo in misericordia) . Et pro predictis Adam et Eoberto 
mandatum fuit ballivis Libertatis de Tykehill et Andree de Killing- 
holme et Eogero Pasent, ballivis, qui nichil inde fecerunt. Judicium, 
quod predictus Hugo distringatur per terras etc., ita quod nee ipse 
etc., et quod habeat corpus ejus coram etc. in octabis S. Trinitatis, ad 
respondendum etc., et ad audiendum etc., et quod non omittat propter 
Libertatem predictam, quin earn etc., et venire faciat coram etc. ad 
eundem diem predictos Adam et Eobertum, ad respondendum etc. 



Mosseus de Sancto Licio et Samuel de Sancto Licio, filii et heredes 
de Isaac de Sancto Licio, fuerunt attachiati ad respondendum Gal- 
frido de Sausetona de placito acquietancie debiti, et unde queritur, 
quod predicti Mosseus et Samuel eum injuste non acquietent de 
tribus marcis et dim., que ab eo exiguntur per summonicionem etc. ad 
opus Eegis, occasione terrarum que fuerunt Willelmi de Burgo quas 
tenet, ad dampnum suum, c s. ; et hoc offert etc. 

Predicti Mosseus et Samuel veniunt et defendunt vim etc. et 
petunt, quid habet per quod ipsum de predicto debito acquietare 
debent. Predictus Galfridus protulit quocldam starrum in hec verba : — 
Quod Isaac de Sancto Licio recognovit, quod ipse et heredes sui 
tenentur acquietare "Willehnum de Burgo, de Saustona, de omnibus 
debitis, in quibus umquam tenebatur dicto Isaac vel alicui alii Judeo, 
in Archa Cirographorum Cantebrigie existentibus, factis a creacione 
seculi usque ad festum S. Johannis Baptiste anno etc. xliij°, excepto 
Abraham, filio Samuelis, quia penes ipsum aliquam acquietanciam 
facere non tenentur. Et per dictum starrum predictus Galfridus, tam- 
quam tenens quandam partem terre dicti Willelmi, peciit de predictis 
.Judeis acquietanciam de predicto debito. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.I). 1270 53 

Henna, wife that was of Aaron of York, Jewess, offered herself on 
the fourth da} 7 against Adam, son of Richard de Scouteby, 1 touching a 
plea, that he pay her 109s., likewise against Hugh de Huckerby as to 
60s., and Robert, son of Thomas de Etton, as to £6, which moneys they 
owe her in respect of a fine which the said Henna made with the 
King for the chattels of Samuel, son of Leo, Jew, deceased, her brother, 
pursuant to an agreement made between the said Adam, Hugh, 
Robert, and the said Samuel by three chirographs, the parts of which, 
being in the King's Treasury during the late disorders of the realm, 
were thence stolen, so it is said. And they did not come ; and the 
Sheriff was commanded to cause them to come. And the Sheriff sent 
word, that Robert Scitals, of Morland, and Thomas Le Escote, of 
Huckerby, mainperned the said Hugh, and have him not — so in mercy. 
And as to the said Adam and Robert mandate was given to the bailiffs 
of the Liberty of Tickhill, and the bailiffs, Andrew de Killingholme 
and Roger Pasent, who did nothing in regard thereof. Judgment, that 
the said Hugh be distrained by lands etc., so that neither he etc., and 
that the Sheriff have his body before etc. on the octave of Holy 
Trinity, to answer etc., and hear etc., and that he omit not by reason 
of the said Liberty to enter etc., and cause the said Adam and 
Robert to come before etc. on the same day, to answer etc. 

Moses of Senlis and Samuel of Senlis, sons and heirs of Isaac of 
Senlis, were attached to answer Geoffrey de Sawston touching a plea 
of acquittance of debt, whereof he complains, that the said Moses and 
Samuel unlawfully refuse him acquittance of 3| marks, wdiich are 
demanded from him by summons etc. to the use of the King, in 
respect of lands which belonged to William de Burgh, of which he 
is tenant, to his damage, 100s. ; and this he offers etc. 

The said Moses and Samuel come and defend the force etc. and 
crave to know, what he has to show that they are bound to acquit 
him of the said debt. The said Geoffrey produced a starr to the 
effect following : — That Isaac of Senlis acknowledged, that he and his 
heirs are bound to acquit William de Burgh, of Sawston, of all debts, 
in which he was ever bound to the said Isaac or any other Jew, by 
chirographs in the Cambridge Chirograph-Chest, from the creation of 
the world to the feast of St. John the Baptist in the forty-third year 
of the reign, except only debts due to Abraham, son of Samuel, towards 
whom they are not bound to make any acquittance. And by virtue 
of the said starr the said Geoffrey, as tenant of part of the lands of the 
said William, craved from the said Jews acquittance of the said debt. 

1 Perhaps Scoteby. Thoroton, Nottinghamshire, ed. Throsby, ii. 30 ( J. 



na i] 



54 SCACOAEIUM JUDEORUM 

Predicti Judei dicunt, quod ad breve dicti Galfridi respondere non 
tenentur, eo quod in brevi suo nee in narracione sua continetur, quod 
ipsum acquietare debent versus aliqueni Judeum, set quod ab eo 
exigiturper summonicionem Scaccarii Judeorum, et in starro contine- 
tur, quod de debitis Judeorum in Archa Cirograpborum Cantebrigie 
existentibus dictum Willelmum acquietare debent ; et sibi dicunt, quod 
ei respondere non tenentur, eo quod dictum starrum factum est dicto 
Willelmo de acquietancia, et predictus Galfridus peciit sibi predictam 
acquietanciam fieri, et de hoc peciit judicium. Et predictus Gal- 
fridus pecit, si aliquid aliud dicere volunt, et si narrator eorum, scilicet, 
Isaac de Suthwerk', sit advocatus. Et predictus Mosseus dicit, quod in 
nullo ipsum Isaac advocavit, set dicit, quod predicto Galfrido respon- 
dere non tenentur, eo quod iidem Mosseus et Samuel habent tercium 
fratrem suum et heredem, absque quo respondere non tenentur ; et de 
hoc pecit judicium. 

Predictus Galfridus dicit, quod dictus Mosseus tantummodo solus, 
absque fratribus suis, ipsum de predicto debito acquietare debet, eo 
quod ipse Mosseus solus habet omnia catalla que fuerunt dicti Isaac, 
patris ipsorum, per finem quern fecit coram Justiciariis etc. post mortem 
patris sui ; et desicut ipse solus habet bona et catalla patris sui, 
ipse solus hujusmodi acquietanciam facere debet ; et de hoc ponit se 
super rotulos Piegis de Finibus, et super Justiciarios. 

Predictus Mosseus dedicere non potuit, quin ipse solus finem fecit 
cum Eege de omnibus bonis et catallis que fuerunt predicti Isaac, 
patris sui, habendis ; et in rotulo Regis de Finibus continetur, quod 
ipse solus finem fecit cum Piege de predictis catallis habendis. Ideo 
consideratum est, quod predictus Mosseus acquietet predictum debitum 
trium marcarum et dim., et sit in misericordia, et quod satisfaciat 
predicto Galfrido de dampnis suis, que taxata sunt ad duas marcas. 
Et predictus Isaac, ejus narrator, quia disadvocatus est per predictum 
m'. imp Mosseum, in misericordia. 

Abraham, films Joseei, Judeus, fait attachiatns ad respondendum 
Thome de Basinges, filio et heredi Ade de Basinges, et Johanne, uxori 
ejus, de placito transgressionis, et unde dictus Thomas queritur, 
quod, cum Willelmus de Dyne aliquo tempore predicto Abrahe tene- 
batur in uno debito xl m. per cartam suam, que fuit in Archa Ciro- 
grapborum apud Eboracum, sub nominibus predicti Willelmi et dicti 
Abrahe, idem Abraham die Jovis proxima post Purificacionem B. 
Marie anno etc. xlviij vendidit prefate Johanne predictum debitum 
xl m., et lxv 1. de arreragiis, tanquam bonum debitum et legale, pro 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1270 54 

The said Jews say, that they are not bound to answer the writ of 
the said Geoffrey, because neither in his writ nor in his count is it 
contained, that they are bound to acquit him against any Jew, but 
only against demands made upon him by summons of the Exchequer 
of the Jews, and in the starr it is contained, that they are bound to 
acquit the said William of debts of the Jews by chirographs in the 
Cambridge Chirograph-Chest ; and they say, that they are not bound to 
answer him, because the said starr is made touching acquittance for 
the said William, and the said Geoffrey sought acquittance to be made 
to himself, and of this he (Moses) craved judgment. And the said 
Geoffrey craves to know, whether they have aught else to say, and 
whether their countor, Isaac of Southward, be avowed. And the 
said Moses says, that he has not avowed Isaac at all, but he says, that 
they are not bound to answer the said Geoffrey, because they, Moses 
and Samuel, have a third brother and heir, in whose absence they are 
not bound to answer; and as to this he craves judgment. 

The said Geoffrey says, that the said Moses by himself, without his 
brothers, is bound to acquit him of the said debt, seeing that he, Moses, 
by himself has all the chattels which belonged to the said Isaac, their 
father, by virtue of a fine which he made before the Justices etc. after 
his father's death ; and seeing that he by himself has his father's goods 
and chattels, he by himself is bound to make such acquittance ; and as to 
this he puts himself upon the King's Fine Eolls and upon the Justices. 

The said Moses could not deny, that he by himself made fine with the 
King for all the goods and chattels which belonged to his said father, 
Isaac ; and in the King's Fine Eoll it is recorded, that he by himself 
made fine with the King for the said chattels. So it is adjudged, that 
the said Moses acquit the said debt of B| marks, and be in mercy, and 
that he make good to the said Geoffrey his damages, which are taxed 
at 2 marks. And the said Isaac, his countor, because he is disavowed 
by the said Moses, is in mercy. 

Abraham, son of Joce, Jew, was attached to answer Thomas de 
Basinges, son and heir of Adam de Basinges, and Joan, his wife, 
touching a plea of trespass, whereof the said Thomas complains, 
that, whereas William de Dyne was at one time bound to the said 
Abraham in a debt of 40 marks by his charter, which was in the 
York Chirograph-Chest, under the names of the said William and 
Abraham, the said Abraham did, on the Thursday next after the 
Purification of Blessed Mary in the 48th year of the reign, sell to the 
said Joan the said debt of 40 marks, and £65 of arrears, as a good and 



55 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

iiij xx xj 1., quas ab ipsa plenarie recepit, et unam cartam in Archa 
Cirographorum Eboraci existentem warantizare debuit per starrum 
suum, quod fecit predicte Johanne; desicut prefatus Abraham, ante 
vendicionem predictarn predicte Johanne sic factani, predictum debituru 
xl m. predicto Willelrno quietaverat, et cartarn inde ab Archa predieta 
extrahi et dampnari fecerat, in fraudem et decepcionem predicte 
Johanne et heredurn suorum, ad eorum jacturam, dampnum non 
modicum, et contra pacem, ad dampnum predicte Thome, el.; et hoc 
offert etc. 

Predictus Abraham venit et defendit vim etc. et petit, quid pre- 
dictus Thomas habuit de predieta vendicione. 

Predictus Thomas protulit starrum dicti Abrahe in hec verba :— 
Quod predictus Abraham recognovit per starrum suum, quod vendidit 
et dimisit, de se et heredibus suis, Johanne de Basinges, quondam 
uxori Ade de Basinges, et heredibus et assignatis suis, unum debitum 
xl m. de sorte et lxv 1. de lucro, tanquam bonum debitum et legale et 
in Archa Cirographorum Eboraci existens, et quod inde non fecit nee 
faciet aliquod starrum vel aliquid aliud quod nocere possit, vel pro- 
longare predictarn Johannam, heredes vel assignatos suos, de predicto 
debito et lucro, in toto vel in parte ; et predictus Abraham tenetur, 
pro se et heredibus suis, warantizare totum predictum debitum, catallum 
et lucrum, predicte Johanne, heredibus et assignatis suis, sicut debitum 
legale et purum, et quod carta inde est in Archa Cirographorum 
Eboraci facta secundum Assisam et Consuetudinem Judaismi ; quod 
quideni starrum recognitum est et inrotulatum in Termino S. Hillarii 
anno etc. xlviij", coram Domino Hamone Hauteyn et Willelrno de 
Haselbech, tunc Justiciariis. 

Predictus Judeus venit et recognovit predictum starrum et omnes 
articulos in eodem starro contentos, et petiit, in quo articulo venit 
contra predictarn convencionem. 

Predictus Thomas dicit, quod, ubi dictus Abraham die Jovis 
proxima post Puriticacionem B. lVIarie anno etc. xlviij vendidit pre- 
dicte Johanne predictum debitum xl m. tanquam bonum debitum et 
legale, et in Archa Cirographorum existens, predieta carta per quatuor 
annos ante vendicionem predictarn ab Archa Eboraci extracta fait et 
quietata ; et de hoc point se super rotulos Domini Kogeri de La Leyhe, 
qui, per preceptum Begis, fecit scrutinium Arche Cirographorum 
Eboraci in anno xlvj . 

Predictus Judeus dicit, quod die vendicionis predicte fuit predieta 
carta in Archa Cirographorum Eboraci bona, legalis et debita, nee 
ante vendicionem predictarn, nee umquam postea, per ipsum Judeum 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1270 55 

lawful debt, for £91, which he received from her in full, and he was to 
warrant a charter in the York Chirograph-Chest by his starr, which he 
made to the said Joan ; howbeit the said Abraham, before the said sale 
to the said Joan so made, had acquitted the said debt of 40 marks to 
the said William, and had caused the charter thereof to be taken out 
of the said Chest and cancelled, to the defrauding and cheating of the 
said Joan and her heirs, to their no small loss and damage, against 
the peace, and to the damage of the said Thomas, £100 ; and this he 
offers etc. 

The said Abraham comes and defends the force etc. and craves 
to know, what the said Thomas had in evidence of the said sale. 

The said Thomas produced a starr of the said Abraham to the 
effect : — That the said Abraham acknowledged by his starr, that, for 
himself and his heirs, he has sold and demised to Joan de 
Basinges, wife that was of Adam de Basinges, and her heirs and 
assigns, a debt of 40 marks, principal, and £65, interest, as 
a good and lawful debt, the chirograph whereof is in the York 
Chirograph-Chest, and that he neither has made nor will make 
any starr thereof or aught else that may cause loss or delay to 
the said Joan, her heirs or assigns, touching the said debt and 
interest, either in whole or in part ; and the said Abraham is bound, 
for himself and his heirs, to warrant all the said debt, principal and 
interest, to the said Joan, her heirs and assigns, as a lawful and clear 
debt, and whereof the charter is in the York Chirograph-Chest duly 
made according to the Assize and Custom of Jewry ; which starr is 
acknowledged and enrolled in the roll of Hilary Term in the 48th 
year of the reign, before Sir Hamo Hauteyn and William de 
Haselbech, then Justices. 

The said Jew came and acknowledged the said starr and all the 
clauses in the said starr contained, and craved to know, in what 
clause he had gone counter to the said agreement. 

The said Thomas says, that, when the said Abraham sold to the 
said Joan the said debt of 40 marks as a good and lawful debt, of 
which the chirograph was in the York Chirograph-Chest, to wit, on 
the Thursday next after the Purification of Blessed Mary in the 48th 
year, the said charter had then for four years before the said sale 
been withdrawn from the York Chest and acquitted ; and as to this he 
puts himself upon the rolls of Sir Boger de La Leye, who, by order 
of the King, made the scrutiny of the York Chirograph-Chest in the 
46th year. 

The said Jew says, that on the day of the said sale the said charter 



56 SOAOCARIUM JUDEORUM 

fuit extracta a predicta Arcba, et hoc promptus est verificare etc. ; et 
elicit, quod super Cirographarios Arche predicte se non debet ponere, 
nee per ipsos debet attingi, quia si aliqua fraus de extractione pre- 
dicte carte fuerit, carta ilia extrahi rion posset nisi per manus pre- 
dictorum Cirographariorum . 

Et datus est dies partibus ad certificacionem babendam super 
premissis per rotulos dicti Eogeri de La Leyhe, si fieri possit, in 
octabis S. Trinitatis ; et si per scrutinium predictoruni rotulorum 
inquiri non possit, tunc inquiratur per patriam. 

Et Josceus, filius Flurie, Mosseus de Wiltonia, et Manserus, films 
Hak', Judei, inanuceperunt ad habendum predictum Abraham ad pre- 
dictum diem. Ad quern diem partes predicte venerunt, et predictus 
Eogerus de La Leyhe venit, et in presencia Thesaurarii dixit et 
recordavit, quod per preceptum Eegis in autumpno anno etc. xlv° l fecit 
scrutinium Arche Cirographorum Eboraci, et in eadem Archa invenit 
unam cartam xl m. sub nominibus Willelmi de Dyne et Abrahe, filii 
Joscei, et in puramento catallorum ejusdem Arche dictum fuit, 
recordatum et testificatum per Cirographarios ejusdem Arche, quod 
predicta carta fuit quieta ; unde per dictum et recordum ipsorum 
Cirographariorum permisit, quod predicta carta fuit extracta a predicta 
Archa. 

Et quia per recordum dicti Eogeri de predicto scrutinio attinctum 
est, quod predicta carta fuit quieta in anno xlv°, et ab Archa extracta, 
et predictus Abraham debitum illius carte tribus annis postea vendidit 
predicte Johanne, scilicet, in anno xlviij , consideratum est, quod pre- 
dictus Abraham pro predicta falsitate committetur prisone. Et 
liberatur ad prisonam Turris Londonie in custodia Hugonis filii 
Octonis. Et quod habeat recuperare suum de predictis iiij xx et xj 1. 
quas dicta Johanna dicto Judeo dedit pro predicto debito, et de 
dampnis suis que non taxantur. 



CARTE WILLELMI DE VALENCIA FACTE NICIIOLAO FILIO MARTINI 
DE L MARCIS ANNUI REDDITUS DE FEODO. 

Sciant presentes et futuri, quod ego, Willelmus de Valencia, 
Dominus Penbrok' et frater Domini Henrici illustris Eegis, dedi, 

1 Sic. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1270 56 

was in the York Chirograph-Chest, good, lawful, and duly made, and 
was not withdrawn from the said Chest before the said sale nor yet at 
any time afterwards by him, the Jew ; and this he is ready to verify 
etc. ; and he says, that he is not bound to put himself upon the 
Chirographers of the said Chest, nor ought the attaint to be made by 
them, because if there were aught of fraud connected with the with- 
drawal of the said charter from the Chest, they would be parties 
thereto, for the charter could not have been withdrawn except by the 
hands of the said Chirographers. 

And a day is given to the parties to have a certificate of the pre- 
mises by the rolls of the said Roger de La Leye, if it be possible, on 
the octave of Holy Trinity ; and if by scrutiny of the said rolls inquest 
may not be had, then let the inquest be had by the country. 

And Joce, son of Fluria, Moses of Wilton, and Manser, son of Hah, 
Jews, mainperned the said Abraham to have him present on the said 
day. On which day the said parties came, and the said Roger de La 
Leye came and in presence of the Treasurer said and bore record, 
that by order of the King he made in the autumn of the 45th year of 
the reign a scrutiny of the York Chirograph-Chest, and found in the 
said Chest a charter for 40 marks under the names of William de 
Dyne and Abraham, son of Joce, and on the liquidation of the chattels 
of the said Chest the Chirographers of the said Chest said and bore 
record and witnessed, that the said charter was quit ; for which 
cause, on the word and by the record of the Chirographers themselves, 
he suffered the said charter to be withdrawn from the said Chest. 

And because by the record of the said Roger touching the said 
scrutiny it is attaint, that the said charter was quit in the 45th year, 
and was withdrawn from the Chest, and the said Abraham sold the debt 
contained in that charter three years afterwards to the said Joan, to 
wit, in the 48th year, it is adjudged, that for the said fraud the said 
Abraham shall be committed to prison. And he is sent to the prison 
of the Tower of London under custody of Hugh FitzOtto. And let 
him (Thomas) have his recovery of the said £91 which the said Joan 
gave the said Jew for the said debt, and also of her damages which 
are not taxed. 

CHARTERS OF WILLIAM DE VALENCE MADE IN FAVOUR OF 
NICHOLAS FITZMARTIN TOUCHING 50 MARKS OF YEARLY FEE- 
RENT. 

Know present and to come, that I, William de Valence, Lord of 
Pembroke and brother of our illustrious Lord King Henry, have given, 



57 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi Domino Nicholao filio 
Martini, et Isabelle, uxori ejus, pro serviciis suis, 1 m. annul redditus 
sibi et heredibus eorum de dicta Isabella procreatis, vel eorum 
assignatis percipiendas annuatim de terris et tenementis que quon- 
dam fuerunt Domini Petri filii Mathei et heredum ipsius Petri, 
videlicet, ad Pascba xxv m. et ad festum S.Michaelis xxvm., in quibus 
predictus Petrus aliquando tenebatur per cartam suam Aaron, filio 
Abrahe, Judeo, Londonie, et quas habui de dono et concessiorie 
Domini Henrici Eegis predicti, prout in carta sua de feofamento 
quam mihi fecit liberius, plenius, et melius continetur, pro quadrin- 
gentis et quater viginti libris sterlingorum quas predicti Nicholaus et 
Isabella, uxor sua, mihi dederunt pre manibus, tenendas et habendas 
predictas 1 marcas annui redditus sibi et heredibus de predicta 
Isabella procreatis, vel eorum assignatis, de me et heredibus et 
assignatis meis, libere, quiete, pacifice et integre, jure hereditatis, in 
perpetuum, et quod predicti Nicholaus et Isabella, uxor sua, predictas 
1 marcas annui redditus poterunt dare, legare, vendere et assignare 
quandocunque et cuicunque voluerint ; reddendo hide annuatim mihi 
et heredibus et assignatis meis imam rosam, ad Nativitatem S. 
Johannis Baptiste, apud Erlestok' in Comitatu Wiltesyra, si tunc pro 
eadem rosa transmisero, pro omnibus serviciis, sectis, exaccionibus, 
wardis, releviis, auxiliis, et omnibus aliis secularibus demandis, tarn 
nominatis quam nominandis. Et ego, predictus Willelmus de 
Valencia, et heredes mei et assignati, predictis Domino Nicholao 
et Isabelle, uxori sue, et heredibus de predicta Isabella procreatis, 
vel eorum assignatis, predictas 1 m. annui redditus per predictum 
servicium, ut predictum est, contra omnes Christianos et Judeos 
warrantizabimus, acquietabimus, et defendemus imperpetuum. Et ut 
hec mea donacio, concessio, et presentis carte mee confirmacio omni 
tempore perseverent, presenti scripto sigillum meum duxi apponendum. 
Hiis testibus : Dominis Pticardo de Middeltona, tunc Cancellario Domini 
Eegis Anglie ; Willelmo de Wyntershull', tunc Senescallo ejusdem 
Domini Eegis ; Willelmo La Zuche ; Johanne de Sancto Yalerico ; 
Eoberto de Bruwes ; Andrea Wake ; Petro de Coudray ; Johanne 
Peverel ; Warino de Sicca Villa, et aliis. 

item .ma Sciant etc. quod ego, Willelmus de Valencia etc., dedi, remisi et 

penitus quietumclamavi, pro me et heredibus et assignatis meis, 
Domino Nicholao filio Martini et heredibus, assignatis et executo- 
ribus suis imperpetuum, omnia arreragia que mihi debita fuerunt, 
vel aliquo tempore deberi potuerunt, videlicet, quadringentas libras 



Clll'til. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.I). 1270 57 

granted, and by this my present charter confirmed to Sir Nicholas 
FitzMartin and Isabella, his wife, in requital of their services, 50 marks 
of yearly rent, yearly by them and their heirs procreated of the said 
Isabella, or their assigns, to be gotten from the lands and tenements 
which formerly belonged to Sir Peter FitzMatthew and his heirs, to 
wit, 25 marks at Easter and 25 marks at Michaelmas, in which 
50 marks the said Peter was formerly bound by his charter to Aaron, 
son of Abraham, Jew, of London, and which I had by gift and grant 
of our Lord the said King Henry, as in an ampler, fuller, and better 
manner it is contained in the charter of feoffment which he made in 
my favour. The said 50 marks of yearly rent I have so given, 
granted, and confirmed as aforesaid for £480 sterling which the said 
Nicholas and Isabella, his wife, have given me in hand, to have 
and to hold to him and his heirs procreated of the said Isabella, 
or their assigns, of me and my heirs and assigns, freely, quietly, in 
peace, in entirety, and in inheritance for ever ; and to the intent that 
the said Nicholas and Isabella, his wife, shall have power to give, 
bequeath, sell, and assign the said 50 marks of yearly rent when and 
to whomsoever they shall be so minded ; paying thereout yearly to 
me and my heirs and assigns, at the Nativity of St. John the Baptist, 
a rose, if therefor I shall then send, at Earl Stoke, in the County 
of Wilts, in lieu of all services, suits, exactions, wardships, reliefs, 
aids, and all other secular demands, as well nameable as named. 
And I, the said William de \ T alence, and my heirs and assigns, will 
the said 50 marks of yearly rent for the said service, as aforesaid, 
warrant, acquit, and defend to the said Sir Nicholas and Isabella, his 
wife, and his heirs procreated of the said Isabella, or their assigns, 
against all Christians and Jews for ever. And that this my gift, grant, 
and the confirmation thereof by this my present charter may last 
for all time, I have thought good to affix my seal to this present 
writing. Witness : Sir Richard de Middleton, then Chancellor of our 
Lord the King of England ; Sir William de Wintershull. then Sene- 
schal of our said Lord the King ; Sir William La Zouch ; Sir John 
de St. Wallere ; Sir Eobert de Bruce ; Sir Andrew Wake ; Sir Peter 
de Cowdray, Sir John Peverel, Sir Warin de Sacheville, and others. 

Know etc. that I, William de Valence etc., for myself, my heirs 
and assigns, have given, made over, and altogether quitclaimed to 
Sir Nicholas FitzMartin and his heirs, assigns, and executors for 
ever, all arrears which were, or at any time might be, owing to 
me, to wit, 4400, on account of detinue of 50 marks, whereof 



58 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

occasione cletencionis lm., quas habui pereipiendas, de dono Domini 
Regis, de terris et tenementis que quondam fuerunt Domini Petri filii 
Mathei, et heredum ipsius Petri ; in quibus idem Petrus Aaron, filio 
Abrahe, Judeo, Londonie, per cartam suam aliquando annuatim 
tenebatur ; ita, videlicet, quod ego, Willelmus, heredes, nee assignati 
vel executores mei, nee aliquis nomine meo, aliquod jus seu clamium 
in predictis arreragiis predictarum cccc 1., occasione detencionis pre- 
dicti redditus, ab heredibus dicti Petri filii Matbei, seu de Domino 
Nicholao filio Martini, custode heredum predicti Petri, aut ab ali- 
quibus aliis, decetero vendicare possimus ; quia ego, "Willelmus, pro me 
et heredibus meis et assignatis, dedi, remisi et quietumclamavi predicto 
Nicholao et heredibus et assignatis suis totum jus et clamium quod 
habui, vel aliquo modo habere potui, in predictis cccc 1. que mihi 
aliquando aretro fuerunt de predictis lm. annui redditus. Preterea, 
volo et concedo pro me et heredibus vel assignatis meis, quod pre- 
dictus Nicholaus, heredes et assignati sui, ac etiam executores sni, 
tale jus habeant et eandem accionem petendo de omnibus et singulis 
terrarum predictarum et tenementorum que quondam fuerunt dicti 
Petri aut heredum ipsius Petri, et recipiendo omnia arreragia pre- 
dicti redditus mihi debita, sicut predictum redditum in manibus 
propriis meis detinuissem. Et pro hac autem donacione, concessione, 
et quietaclamancia dedit mihi predictus Nicholaus septingentas et 
viginti marcas pre manibus. In cujus rei etc., ut supra. 

carta Regis Henricus, Dei gratia Angiie etc., Archiepiscopis, episcopis etc., et 

mento.*" onmibus ballivis et fidelibus suis, salutem : — Inspeximus cartam quam 
dilectus frater et fidelis noster, Willelmus cle Valencia, Dominus 
Penbrok' fecit Nicholao filio Martini et Isabelle, uxori ejus, in hec 
verba : — Sciant etc. quod ego, Willelmus de Valencia, Dominus de Pen- 
brok', et frater Domini Henrici illustris, Piegis Angiie, dedi, concessi 
et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi Domino Nicholao filio Martini 
et Isabelle, uxori sue etc., de verbo ad verbum, prout continetur in 
priori carta superius scripta, usque ad finem testium. Nos autem, 
predictas donacionem, concessionem et confirmacionem ratas habentes 
et gratas, eas pro Nobis et heredibus nostris, quantum in Nobis est, 
concedimus et confirmamus sicut carta predicta testatur. Hiis 
testibus : Venerabilibus Patribus, Waltero, Eboracensi Archiepiscopo, 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1270 58 

I had a grant of our Lord the King, to be gotten from the lands 
and tenements which formerly belonged to Sir Peter FitzMatthew 
and his heirs ; in which 50 marks, payable yearly, the said Peter was 
aforetime bound by his charter to Aaron, son of Abraham, Jew, of 
London ; so, to wit, that neither I, William, nor my heirs, assigns 
or executors, nor any in my name, may have power in future to assert 
any right or claim in the said £400, arrears on account of detinue 
of the said rent, against the heirs of the said Peter FitzMatthew, or 
against Sir Nicholas FitzMartin, guardian of the heirs of the said 
Peter, or any others ; seeing that I, William, for myself and my 
heirs and assigns, have given, made over, and quitclaimed to the said 
Nicholas and his heirs and assigns all the right and claim which I 
had, or in any manner might have, in the said £400 which were afore- 
time owing to me on account of arrears of the said 50 marks of yearly 
rent. Moreover, it is my pleasure, and for myself and my heirs or 
assigns I grant, that the said Nicholas, his heirs and assigns, and also 
his executors, have such right and the same right of action touching 
all and singular the said lands and tenements which formerly belonged 
to the said Peter or his, Peter's, heirs, and for the recovery of all 
arrears of the said rent due to me, as if I had retained the said 
rent in my own hands. And for this gift, grant, and quitclaim the 
said Nicholas has given me 720 marks in hand. In witness whereof 
etc., as above. 

Henry, by the grace of God King of England etc., to Arch- 
bishops, bishops, etc., and all his bailiffs and lieges, greeting : — We 
have inspected the charter which our dear brother and liege, William 
de Valence, Lord of Pembroke, made in favour of Nicholas FitzMartin 
and Isabella, his wife, to the effect following : — Know etc. that I, 
William de Valence, Lord of Pembroke, and brother of our illustrious 
Lord, Henry King of England, have given, granted and by this my 
present charter confirmed to Sir Nicholas FitzMartin and Isabella, his 
wife etc., word by word, as contained in the earlier charter above 
written, to the end of the witnesses ; which said gift, grant, and 
confirmation it is our pleasure to ratify ; and We therefore, for Our- 
self and our heirs, as far as in Us is, make grant and confirmation 
according as it is witnessed in the said charter. Witness : the 
Venerable Fathers, Walter, 1 Archbishop of York, Primate of England, 

1 Giffard, a former chancellor. Arch- Edward for the Crusade, the See of Canter- 
bishop Boniface being bound with Prince bury was virtually vacant. 



59 SCACCARIUM JUDEOEUM 

Anglie Primate, Godefrido, Wigorniensi Episcopo ; Philippo Basset ; 
Roberto Walleraund ; Roberto Aguillun ; Willelmo de Aete ; Willelino 
Relet ; Rogero de Wautona ; Willelmo de Faukeham, et aliis. Data 
per manum nostram apud Westmonasterium, vij° die Feb. anno regni 
nostri 1° quarto. 

ib. m. 9. Henricus, Dei gratia Rex Anglie etc., Archiepiscopis etc., et omnibus 

car *». ballivis et fidelibus suis, salutem : — Inspeximus cartam quam quondam 

fieri fecimus dilecto fratri nostro et fideli nostro, Willelmo de Valencia, 
in hec verba : — Henricus, Dei gratia Rex Anglie, Dominus Hibernie, 
Dux Aquitanie et Comes Andegavie etc., Archiepiscopis etc., salutem : — 
Sciatis Nos dedisse et concessisse dilecto fratri et fideli nostro, 
Willelmo de Valencia, et beredibus vel assignatis suis, lm. annui 
redditus, in quibus Petrus filius Mathei, pro se et heredibus suis, 
tenebatur Aaron, filio Abrahe, Judeo, Londonie, et heredibus suis, 
usque ad finem secnli, per cirographum inter eos factum ; quas quidem 
1 m. annuas idem Aaron Nobis reddidit et concessit, pro se et here- 
dibus suis, pro debitis que eidem Aaron concessimus et assignavimus ; 
quas eciam 1 m. annuas prius dedimus dilecto militi nostro, Petro 
Everard, qui eas Nobis postea remisit et quietas clamavit de se et 
heredibus suis imperpetuum ; volentes et concedentes, pro Nobis et 
heredibus nostris, quod predictus Willelmus et heredes vel assignati 
sui recipiant predictas 1 m. annuas de cetero de Johanne filio Mathei, 
fratre et herede dicti Petri filii Mathei, et heredibus suis imper- 
petuum, ad eosdem terminos ad quos idem Aaron illas percipere debebat, 
secundum tenorem carte sue quam habuit de predicto Petro, et que 
est in Thesauro nostro apud Westmonasterium inter cartas de Judaismo 
nostro, videlicet, ad Pascha xxvm , et ad festum S. Michaelis xxv m. ; et 
si forte contingat terras vel tenementa predicti Johannis, vel heredum 
aut aliquorum successor um suorum, racione custodie vel quocunque 
alio modo ad manus nostras devenire, volumus et concedimus, pro 
Nobis et heredibus nostris, quod predictus Willelmus et heredes vel 
assignati sui, vel eorum ballivi, levare possint et recipere de catallis in 
predictis terris inventis 1 m. annuas predictas sine impedimento nostro, 
vel heredum vel ballivorum nostrorum. Preterea, si contingat predictum 
Johannem vel aliquem antecessorum 1 suorum predictas terras suas, vel 



1 Sic : perhaps the title was regarded as doubtful. The right of distraint against 
successors was virtually given already. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1270 59 

Godfrey, 1 Bishop of Worcester; Philip Basset; Robert Walerand; 
Robert Aguillon ; William de Aete ; William Belet ; Roger de Walton ; 
William de Faukeham, and others. Given by our hand at West- 
minster on the 7th day of February in the fifty-fourth year of our 
reign. 

Henry, by the grace of God King of England etc., to Archbishops 
etc., and all his bailiffs and lieges, greeting : — We have inspected the 
charter which aforetime We caused to be made to our dear brother and 
liege, William de Valence, to the following effect : — Henry, by the grace 
of God King of England, Lord of Ireland, Duke of Aquitaine and 
Count of Anjou etc., to Archbishops etc., greeting: — Know that We have 
given and granted to our dear brother and liege, William de Valence, 
and his heirs or assigns, 50 marks of yearly rent, in which Peter 
FitzMatthew, for himself and his heirs, was bound to Aaron, son of 
Abraham, Jew, of London, and his heirs, to the end of the world, by 
chirograph made between them ; which 50 marks of yearly rent the 
said Aaron, for himself and his heirs, surrendered and granted to Us 
in exchange for debts which We granted and assigned to the said 
Aaron ; which 50 marks of yearly rent We also aforetime gave to our 
dear knight, Peter Everard, who afterwards, for himself and his heirs, 
made over and quitclaimed them to Us for ever ; and it is our plea- 
sure, and for Ourself and our heirs We grant, that the said William 
and his heirs or assigns do for the future receive the said 50 marks 
of yearly rent from John FitzMatthew, brother and heir of the 
said Peter FitzMatthew, and his heirs for ever, at the same terms at 
which they were to be gotten by the said Aaron, according to the 
tenor of his'charter which he had from the said Peter FitzMatthew, 
which charter is in our Treasury at Westminster among the charters 
of our Jewry, to wit, at Easter 25 marks, and at Michaelmas 25 
marks ; and if it should so happen that the lands or tenements of the 
said John, or his heirs or any of his successors, should come by ward- 
ship or in any other manner into our hands, it is our pleasure, and for 
Ourself and our heirs W^e grant, that the said William and his heirs 
or assigns, or their bailiffs, may raise and receive from the chattels 
found on the said lands the said 50 marks of yearly rent without 
hindrance on the part of Us, our heirs or bailiffs. Furthermore, if it 
should so happen that the said John or any of his ancestors should 
give, sell, or alienate his said lands, or any part of the same, it is in like 

1 Giffard, younger brother of the Archbishop, whom he had succeeded as chancellor 
in 1266. 



60 



SCACCAEIUM JUDEORUM 



aliquain partem earundeni, dare, vender e vel alienare, volunius similiter 
et concedimus, pro Nobis et heredibus nostris, quod predicti Willehnus 
et heredes vel assignati sui, aut eorum ballivi, districciones facere 
possint in terris predictis, secundum Assisam Judaismi nostri, pro 
predictis 1 m. annuis levandis et recipiendis ; et quia predictus 
Johannes recognovit coram Simone Passelewe, Adam de Greinvilla, et 
Thoma Sperun, Justiciariis nostris ad custodiam Judeorum assignatis, 
se debere predictas 1 m. annuas usque ad finem seculi, occasione 
obligacionis quam predictus Petrus, frater ejusdem Johannis, hide 
fecit predicto Aaron, et insuper omnes terras suas et tenementa, 
habita et habenda, ad districcionem pro predictis 1 m. annuis facien- 
dam obligavit, si in aliquo termino defecerit, volumus et concedimus, 
pro Nobis et heredibus nostris, quod liceat predicto Willelmo et 
heredibus vel assignatis suis, vel eorum ballivis, districciones facere in 
omnibus predictis, vel in una parte earundem, ad voluntatem ipsorum, 
pro predictis 1 m. annuis levandis et recipiendis, sicut predictum est, 
quicunque terras illas teneat ; et Nos et heredes nostri prefato \Yil- 
lelmo et heredibus vel assignatis suis predictum annuum feodum 1 m. 
warrantizabimus et acquietabimus et defendemus imperpetuum, se- 
cundum Assisam Judaismi. Hiis testibus : Venerabili Patre iEthel- 
maro, Wintoniensi Electo ; Guydone et Galfrido de Lezignano, fratribus 
nostris ; Simone de Monte Forti, Comite Leicestrie ; Petro de Sabaudia ; 
Johanne filio Galfridi ; Ptoberto Walleraund ; Petro de Monte Forti ; 
Johanne de Gatesden ; Guydone de Eupe Forti; Elia de Eabayn ; 
Imberto Pucheis ; Willelmo Chabbeneys, et aliis. Data per manum 
nostram apud Westinonasterium xxviij die Deceinbris anno regni 
nostri xlj n . 

Is erat tenor sub priori sigillo nostro quo tunc utebamur, quod 
quia postmodum mutatum est, presentem cartam nostram sub sigillo 
nostro quo nunc utimur duximus assignandam. Hiis testibus, ut 
supra in fine carte proximo scripte. Data per manum nostram apud 
Westmonasterium vij° die Feb. anno regni nostri liiij . 



ib. m. 9, 

dorso. 

Heref. 



lxxij s. v d. 
ob. vij s. 
Folvit 

Justic. 



Summa catallorum Elie le Evesk', Judei, mortui, tarn mobilium etc., 
xl. xvij s. iiij d., unde terciapars Eegis est Ixxij s. v d. ob. ; pro quibus 
habendis Saphira, que fuit uxor dicti Elie, finem fecit cum Eege 
per tria biss., pro quibus solvit Justiciariis vij s. Et solvet pre- 
dictos lxxij s. v d. ob. terminis subscriptis, videlicet, ad quindenam 
S. Michaelis anno etc. liiij° xs. et ad quindenam Pasche proximo 
sequentem x s., et sic etc. ad eosdem terminos, quousque etc., 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A. P. 1270 60 

manner our pleasure, and for Ourself and our heirs We grant, that the 
said William and his heirs or assigns, or their bailiffs, may make 
distresses on the said lands, according to the Assize of our Jewry, for 
the levy and receipt of the said 50 marks of yearly rent ; and whereas 
the said John acknowledged before Simon Passelewe, Adam de Grein- 
ville, and Thomas Sperun, our Justices assigned to the custody of the 
Jews, that the said 50 marks of yearly rent were owing by him to the 
end of the world, by reason of a bond which the said Peter, his brother, 
made thereof to the said Aaron, and in addition bound all his lands and 
tenements, which he had or might have, to be distrainable for the said 
50 marks of yearly rent, if he should make default in payment at any 
term, it is our pleasure, and for Ourself and our heirs We grant, 
that the said William and his heirs or assigns, or their bailiffs, 
may make distresses on all the said lands, or on any part of the same, 
at their pleasure, for the levy and receipt of the said 50 marks of 
yearly rent, as aforesaid, whoever may hold those lands ; and the said 
yearly fee of 50 marks We and our heirs will warrant and acquit and 
defend to the said William and his heirs or assigns for ever, according 
to the Assize of Jewry. Witness : The Venerable Father Aymer, Elect 
of Winchester ; Guy and Geoffrey de Lusignan, our brothers ; Simon 
de Montfort, Earl of Leicester ; Pierre de Savoie ; John FitzGeoffrey ; 
Piobert Walerand ; Peter de Montfort ; John de Gatesden ; Guy de 
Kochfort ; Elias de Kabayn ; Imbert Pucheis ; William Chabbeneys, 
and others. Given by our hand at Westminster on the 28th day of 
December in the 41st year of our reign. 

This was the tenor under our former seal which We then used, but 
because it has since been changed, We have deemed it meet to seal 
this our present charter with our seal which We now use. Witness, 
as above at the close of the charter next, hereto written. Given by 
our hand at Westminster on the 7th day of February in the 54th 
year of our reign. 



iiercf. S um f the chattels of Elias le Eveske, 1 Jew, deceased, as well 

movables etc., £10 17s. 4d., whereof the King's third part is 
72s. 5id. ; for which chattels Sapphira, wife that was of the said 
Elias, made fine with the King in 3 bezants, paying therefor to the 
Justices 7s. And she will pay the said 72s. 5^d. at the terms under- 
written, to wit, 10s. on Michaelmas quindene in the fifty-fourth year 
of the reign, and 10s. on Easter quindene next following, and so etc. 

Not Chief Rabbi Elias, -who died at a much later date. See Introduction, p. xxxiii. 



ib. m. 7, 

dorso. 

Devon. 



61 SCACCAEIUM .TUDEORUM 

per plegiacionem Samuelis, filii Isaac de Herefordia, et Joscei, filii 
Aaron de Carbini, 1 Judeorum, Herefordie. Et preceptum est Vice- 
comiti et Cirographariis Herefordie, quod permittant ipsam liberam 
etc. de terris etc., tarn infra Archam etc., que fuerunt dicti Elie. 



Predicta Saphira dat Kegi unum debitum vm. sub nominibus 
Ceciliede Lautona et Elie le Evesk', et unum debitum xs. de Johanne 
filio Osmundi, de Copesle, et dicti Elie, que quidem cirographa sunt 
in Archa Cirographorum Herefordie. Et preceptum est Cirographa- 
riis, quod habeant predicta cirographa coram etc. in crastino S. 
Margarete. 

Memorandum, quod, cum Saphira, que fait uxor Elie le Evesk', 
finem fecit pro catallis predicti Elie habendis in terris, redditibus et 
domibus in Herefordia, et cartis ibidem in Archa existentibus, tantum- 
modo, que dixit, quod alibi nulla habuit catalla ; et postea invenitur 
per inquisicionem retornatam per Vicecomitem Gloucestr' in octabis 
S. Hillarii anno etc. liiij ., quod idem Elias habuit in Archa Ciro- 
graphorum Gloucestrie unum debitum xx m. sub nominibus Johannis, 
filii Thome de Astona Undregge, et predicti Elie; unde preceptum est 
Cirographariis, quod predictam cartam habeant coram etc. in crastino 
S. Johannis Baptiste, Justiciariis liberandam. Item, in predicta inquisi- 
cione continetur, quod Johannes Cornubiensis et Willelmus de Watford, 
Cirographarii Gloucestrie, habent in custodia sua viij m. de predicto 
debito. Et similiter preceptum est eisdem, quod habeant predictas 
viij m. coram Justiciariis etc. ad predictum diem etc., ad faciendum 
hide preceptum Regis, sicut indempnes esse voluerint. Postea, in 
crastino S. Margarete, ut supra. 



Quia Jacobus de Norwico, Judeus, manet apud Honytonam sine 
licencia Eegis, ubi nulla communitas Judeorum est, preceptum est 
Vicecomiti, quod capiat in manu Eegis omnia bona et catalla ipsius 
Jacobi, et ea salvo custodiat donee aliud etc., et quod habeat corpus 
ejus coram etc. in octabis S. Trinitatis, ad respondendum etc., et quod 
scire faciat etc., que bona etc. dicti Jacobi ceperit, et valorem eorundem 
catallorum, ad eundem diem etc. 

1 Sic : perhaps for Carbonel. 



EXCHEQTJEE OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1270 61 

at the same terms, until etc. : pledges, Samuel, son of Isaac of Here- 
ford, and Joce, son of Aaron of Carbonel, Jews, of Hereford. And the 
Sheriff and Chirographers of Hereford are commanded to allow her 
to have free administration of the lands etc., as well within the Chest 
etc., which belonged to the said Elias. 

The said Sapphira gives the King a debt of 5 marks under the 
names of Cecilia de Lawton and Elias le Eveske, and a debt of 10s. 
under the names of John FitzOsmund, of Copesley, and the said Elias, 
the chirographs being in the Hereford Chirograph-Chest. And the 
Chirographers are commanded to have the said chirographs before 
etc. on the morrow of St. Margaret. 

Be it had in remembrance, that, whereas Sapphira, wife that 
was of Elias le Eveske, made fine for the chattels of the said Elias 
in lands, rents, and houses in Hereford, and the charters in the Chest 
of the same place, and them only, saying, that he had no chattels 
elsewhere ; and afterwards, by inquest returned by the Sheriff of 
Gloucestershire on the octave of St. Hilary in the fifty-fourth year 
of the reign, it is found, that the said Elias had in the Gloucester 
Chirograph-Chest a debt of 20 marks under the names of John, son of 
Thomas of Aston-under-Edge, and the said Elias ; for which cause 
the Chirographers are commanded, that they have the said charter 
before etc. on the morrow of St. John the Baptist, to be delivered to 
the Justices. Again, in the said inquest it is recorded, that John 
of Cornwall and William of Watford, Chirographers of Gloucester, 
have in their keeping 8 marks of the said debt. And in like manner 
they are commanded, that they have the said 8 marks before the 
Justices etc. on the said day, to do therewith as the King shall 
order, as they hope for indemnity. Afterwards, on the morrow of 
St. Margaret, as above. 

Whereas Jacob of Norwich, Jew, is resident without the King's 
license at Honiton, where there is no community of Jews, the Sheriff 
is commanded, that he take into the King's hand all his, Jacob's, goods 
and chattels, and keep them safe until etc., and that he have his 
body before etc. on the octave of Holy Trinity, to answer etc., and 
that he do to wit etc., what goods etc. of the said Jacob he has taken, 
and the value of the same chattels, on the same day etc. 



62 SCACCAKIUM JUDEORUM 

Memorandum, quod breve emanavit pro Jobanne de Warenne, 
Comite Sussexe, in bee verba : — Henricus, Dei gratia etc., Yicecomiti 
Northampt' salutem : — Monstravit Justiciariis nostris etc. dilectus 
et fidelis noster, Jobannes de Warenne, Comes Sussexe, graviter 
conquerendo, quod, cum nuper coram Nobis in Curia nostra recu- 
perasset custodiam quarundam partium terrarum que fuerunt David 
de Esseby in Esseby una cum custodia Isabelle, filie Stephani, filii et 
beredis dicti David de Esseby, versus Alanum La Zucbe et Elenam, 
uxorem ejus, qui terram illam injuste occupaverant, ut idem Comes 
dicit ; predicti Alanus et Elena, per quandam suggestionem factam 
Justiciariis nostris predictis, breve nostrum tibi directum impetra- 
verunt, ut de predictis terris eis seisinam babere faceres pro quodam 
debito quod idem Alanus et Elena exigebant de terris predictis 
tanquam attornati Magistri Elie, filii Magistri Mossei, Judei, 
Londonie, et in quo debito predictus David tenebatur predicto Judeo 
per cartam suam, ut dicitur ; et quia secundum Assisam et Con- 
suetudinem Judaismi nostri nullus Cbristianus distringi debet pro 
aliquo debito Judeorum, nee pro debito suo proprio, antequam in 
Curia nostra coram prefatis Justiciariis nostris, secundum Legem et 
Consuetudinem Judaismi nostri, discussum fuerit, utrum ad solucionem 
bujus debiti teneatur, necne; tibi precipimus, quod talem seisinam 
qualem prius predictus Comes coram Nobis recuperavit, per preceptum 
nostrum ei rebabere facias, et ipsum in seisina ilia custodias et 
manuteneas, quousque inter eos, secundum Assisam et Consuetudinem 
Judaismi predicti, discussum fuerit, si idem Comes ad solucionem 
predicti debiti teneri debeat, necne. Teste Roberto de Fuleham apud 
TVestmonasterium xxviij die Maii anno regni nostri liiij . 1 



DE TERMINO S. HILLiRII ANNO QUINQUAGESIMO QUINTO. 

Per breve Domini Regis in bee verba : — Henricus etc., omnibus 
etc., salutem : — Cum dederimus et concesserimus Eademundo, filio 
nostro carissimo, Aaron, filium Vives, Judeum, Londoniarum, cum 
omnibus bonis et catallis suis, et aliis que ad Nos pertinere poterunt 
de Judeo predicto ; Nos, ad instanciam prefati filii nostri, predicto 
Aaron gratiam uberiorem facere volentes, concedimus quod, in omnibus 
placitis pro eodem Aaron vel contra ipsum motis vel movendis, aliquis 
ex parte et voluntate ipsius filii nostri deputatus associetur Justiciariis 

1 Means were apparently found to defeat court in Westminster Hall. Chron. Ed. I. 
or delay this writ, for shortly afterwards and Ed. II. (Rolls Ser.) i. 81. 
Zouch was assassinated by Sussex in open 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.I). 1271 62 

Be it had in remembrance, that a writ issued for John de Warennc, 
Earl of Sussex, to the following effect : — Henry, by the grace of God etc., 
to the Sheriff of Northamptonshire greeting : — Our dear liege, John de 
Warenne, Earl of Sussex, has made grave complaint to our Justices etc., 
that, whereas of late before Us in our Court he recovered the wardship of 
certain parcels of land which belonged to David de Ashby in Ashby with 
the wardship of Isabella, daughter of Stephen, son and heir of the said 
David de Ashby, against Alan La Zouch and Helen, his wife, who had 
unlawfully occupied that land, as the said Earl says ; they, the said 
Alan and Helen, by suggestion made to our said Justices, sued out our 
writ addressed to you, that you cause them to have seisin of the said 
lands for a debt which they claimed upon the said lands as attorneys of 
Master Elias, son of Master Moses, Jew, of London, in which debt the 
said David was bound to the said Jew by his charter, as it is said ; 
and because according to the Assize and Custom of our Jewry no 
Christian ought to be distrained for any debt of Jewry, nor yet for 
his own debt, until it has been argued in our Court before our said 
Justices, accordiug to the Law and Custom of our Jewry, whether he 
be bound to pay the debt, or no ; We therefore command you, that you 
restore to the said Earl by our mandate such seisin as he aforetime 
recovered before Us, and that you guard and maintain him in that 
seisin, until argument be had between the parties, according to the 
Assize and Custom of the said Jewry, whether the said Earl be bound 
to pay the said debt, or no. Witness Robert de Fulham at West- 
minster on the 28th day of May in the 54th year of our reign. 



HILAEY TEEM IN THE FIFTY-FIFTH YEAE. [a.d. 1271.] 

By writ of our Lord the King to the effect following : — Henry etc., 
to all etc., greeting : — Whereas We have given and granted to our very 
dear son, Edmund, Aaron, son of Vives, Jew, of London, with all his 
goods and chattels, and other matters which may appertain unto Us 
touching the said Jew ; We, being pleased, at the instance of our said 
son, to show the said Aaron more abundant favour, do grant that, in 
all pleas which are or may be in process for or against him, there be, 
on the part of our son and of his choice, associated with our Justices 
assigned to the custody of the Jews an assessor for the hearing and 



63 SCACCARIUM JUDE011UM 

nostris ad custodiam Judeorum assignatis ad placita ilia secundum 
Legem et Consuetudinem Judaismi audienda et terminanda Conces- 
simus eciam eidem Judeo quod de licencia prefati filii nostri debita 
sua dare et vendere possit cuicumque voluerit, et ilia quicumque 
emere possint, non obstante Provisione nuper facta, quod nullus Judeus 
debita sua aliquibus Christianis vendere possit, vel Christianus eadem 
emere, sine licencia et voluntate nostra. In cujus rei testimonium 
etc. Teste Me ipso apud Westmonasterium .... die Januarii anno 
regni nostri quinquagesimo quinto. 1 



DE MENSE PASCHE. 

Nicliolaus Le Gras, tenens quandam partem terrarum que fuerunt 
Willelmi Maudut, de Terling, qui vocavit ad warantum Ceciliam Le 
Gras versus Samuelem de Lohum, Jucleum, de placito, quod ipsum 
acquietaret versus ipsum Samuelem de xls. cum lucro inde emerso, 
occasione etc., quos dictus Samuel ab eo exigebat, occasione etc., de 
debito Aaron, filii Jacobi, Judei, per quandam cartam vij. 1. et dim. m., 
que est in Archa Cirographorum Londonie, non venit nee habuit 
warantum nee est prosecutus secundum Consuetudinem Judaismi : 
ideo consideration est, quod predictus Samuel habeat recuperare suum 
versus dictum Nicholaum de predictis xl s. cum lucro. Et preceptum 
est Vicecomiti Essexe, quod precipiat dicto Nicholao, quod sine dila- 
cione reddat dicto Samueli predictos xl s. cum lucro, et nisi fecerit, 
seisinam etc. de vadio etc. Postea dictus Samuel venit et concessit 
quod dictus Nicliolaus placitare poterit versus warantum suum, et 
retraxit se de predicto judicio. 



DE OCTABIS ET DE IN CRASTINO S. JOHANNIS BAPTISTE 
ANNO QUINQUAGESIMO SEXTO. 

Rot. n,ui. 2. Bonevie de Oxonia, Judeus, fecit venire Badulfum Le Walle ad 



IIXOll, 



respondendum ei de placito injuste detencionis catallorum, et unde 

1 Transferred from Roll 16,m.l3 (Trinity from pecuniary exactions for life, subject 

Term, 2 Ed. I.), where it was placed on the only to the annual render of a pair of gilt 

confirmation by Edward of the grant to spurs. Rot. Lit. Pat. 54 Hen. III. m. 1 ; 

which it refers. Prynne, ii. 116. Cf. Cal. Patent Rolls 

By charter dated 11 August 1270, and (Rolls ger.) 1272-81, p. 336. 
confirmed by royal letters patent (26 Octo- - From AdlTit. Roll (Brit. Mus.) 11)299, a 

liei), the Prince had been graciously pleased fragment assignable by internal evidence 

to grant Aaron his liberty and exemption to this year. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.l). 1272 63 

determining of those pleas according to the Law and Custom of 
Jewiy. We have also granted to the said Jew that by license 
of our said son he be at liberty to give and sell debts owing to him 
to whomsoever he will, and that all the world be at liberty to buy 
them, notwithstanding the recent Provision, that no Jew be at liberty 
to sell debts owing to him to any Christians, nor any Christian to 
buy them, without our license and authority. In witness whereof 
etc. Witness Myself at Westminster on the — day of January in 
the fifty-fifth year of our reign. 



EASTER MONTH. 
F and Nicholas Le Gras, tenant of part of the lands which belonged to 

loss, ' L # ° # 

William Mauduit, of Terling, 1 who vouched to warranty Cecilia Le 
Gras against Samuel of Lohum, 2 Jew, touching a plea, that she acquit 
him against Samuel of 40s. with interest thereon arisen, in respect 
of the lands etc., 3 which the said Samuel demanded from him, in 
respect of the lands etc., on account of a debt of Aaron, son of Jacob, 
Jew, by a charter for £1 and i mark, which is in the London Chiro- 
graph-Chest, neither came nor had his warrantor at court, and has 
made default in prosecution according to the Custom of Jewry : 
therefore it is adjudged, that the said Samuel have his recovery 
against the said Nicholas of the said 40s. with interest. And the 
Sheriff of Essex is commanded, that he command the said Nicholas, 
that without delay he render to the said Samuel the said 40s. with 
interest, and if he make default, seisin etc. of gage etc. Thereafter 
the said Samuel came and granted that the said Nicholas have his plea 
against his warrantor, and withdrew himself from the said judgment. 



THE OCTAVE AND MORROW OE ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST 
IN THE FIFTY-SIXTH YEAR. [a.d. 1272.] 

Bonevie of Oxford, Jew, caused Ralph LeWalle to come to answer 
him touching a plea of unlawful detinue of chattels, whereof he 



1 In Essex. Domesday Book both as Lena and as Lun. 

- Elsewhere spelt Lohun and Loun ; 3 I.e. by virtue of his tenure, the debt 

perhaps for Lynn, which appears in running with the land. Cf. p. 53, supra. 



64 SCACCAKIUM JUDE0RO1 

queritur, quod predictus Radulfus ei injuste detinet ununi mazerurn, 
precii dim. marc, sine pede, cum quodam circulo de argento, quod ei 
tradidit nomine pignoris pro quodam equo quern ab ipso Radulfo 
locavit die Mercurii proxima post festum S. Johannis Baptiste anno 
etc. liiij , et quod postea versus ipsum acquietavit, et illud ei injuste 
detinet, ad dampnum suum, xx s. ; et hoc offert etc. 

Predictus Radulfus venit et defendifc vim etc. et dicit, quod dictus 
Bonevie locavit ab ipso unum equum predicto die Mercurii usque ad 
Londoniam, pro xvj d., quos ei solvit, et tradidit ei qnoddam ciphum 
de mazero racione pignoris pro residuo convenciouis inter eos facte et 
consuetudinis ville Oxonie ; ita quod, si dictus Bonevie moram faceret 
ultra dietas inter eos assignatas, quod daret predicto Piadulfo pro 
quolibet die ultra dietas positas j d., et dictus Bonevie retinuit 
equum suum per xij dies, ita quod ei debuit xij d. pro predicta reten- 
cione ; et postea uxor dicti Bonevie inpignoravit dictum ciphum eidem 
Piadulfo pro vj d. quos ei accommodavit ; et postea alia vice habuit 
dictum equum suum apud Wallingford pro xd., et ibi amisit capistrum 
dicti equi ad valenciam ob. ; quos ei debet : occasione predicta detinet 
predictum ciphum, et non injuste, et de hoc ponit se super patriam. 

Predictus Judeus dicit, quod nichil debet eidem Piadulfo pro predicto 
equo nee pro aliqua alia re, nee dictum equum locavit usque Wall- 
ingford ; set dictum ciphum et equum suum acquietavit, et nichil pro 
eodem cipho eidem debet ; et ponit se super patriam. Et preceptum est 
Yicecomiti, quod per sacramentum inquirat, si etc., et inquisicionem etc. 
in octabis S. Michaelis. Ad quern diem Yicecomes retornavit inquisi- 
cionem factam per sacramentum Johannis Culvert, Ricardi Wandri 
et aliorum Christianorum, et per sacramentum Lumbardi de Crikelade 
et aliorum Judeorum, ut patet inter inquisiciones retornatas in 
Termino S. Michaelis proximo sequente. Et Christiani dicunt, quod 
predictus Badulfus Walle detinet predicto Bonevie unum mazerum, 
pro xxviij d. ob., qui ei aretro sunt de quadam convencione inter ipsos 
facta pro allocacione cujusdam equi. Et Judei dicunt, quod predictus 
Bonevie acquietavit predictum mazerum versus predictum Radulfum. 
Et quia Christiani et Judei non concordant, preceptum est Yicecomiti, 
quod venire faciat predictam inquisicionem coram etc., et tot et tales 
etc., a die S. Martini in xv dies, ad recognoscendum etc. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1272 G4 

complains, that the said Ralph unlawfully detains against him a bowl 
of mazer-wood with a silver rim, but without foot, value | mark, 
which he delivered to Ralph by way of pledge for a horse which he 
hired from him on the Wednesday next after the feast of St. John 
the Baptist in the fifty-fourth year of the reign, which he afterwards 
made quit as to Ralph, who unlawfully detains the pledge against 
him, to his damage, 20s. ; and this he offers etc. 

The said Ralph comes and defends the force etc. and says, that 
the said Bonevie hired from him a horse on the said Wednesday for 
the journey to London, for 16d., which he paid him, and delivered to 
him a bowl of mazer-wood by way of pledge for the performance of 
the rest of the agreement made between them according to the custom 
of the town of Oxford ; to wit, that, if the said Bonevie should exceed 
the stipulated days, he should give the said Ralph for every further 
day Id., and the said Bonevie kept the horse for twelve days, whereby 
he was bound to pay 12d. for so keeping him ; and afterwards the 
wife of the said Bonevie pledged the said bowl to the said Ralph for 
6d. lent by him ; and that on a subsequent occasion he had the said 
horse at Wallingford for 10d., and there lost the said horse's bridle, 
value id. ; which moneys he owes him : and Ralph for these reasons 
detains the said bowl, and not unlawfully, and as to this he puts him- 
self upon the country. 

The said Jew says, that he owes the said Ralph nothing for the 
said horse or on any other account, nor did he hire the said horse for 
the journey to Wallingford ; but that he made the said bowl quit of 
Ralph's horse, and owes him nought upon the said bowl ; and he puts 
himself upon the country. And the Sheriff is commanded, that by 
oath he inquire, if etc., and cause the inquest etc. on the octave of 
St. Michael. On which day the Sheriff returned the inquest made by 
oath of John Culvert, Richard Wander, and other Christians, and by 
oath of Lumbard of Cricklade and other Jews, as it appears among 
the inquests returned in Michaelmas Term next ensuing. And the 
Christians say, that the said Ralph Le Walle detains against the 
said Bonevie a bowl of mazer- wood, for default in payment of 28|d. 
owing to him by virtue of an agreement made between them for 
the hire of a horse. And the Jews say, that the said Bonevie made 
the said bowl quit as to the said Ralph. And as the Christians and 
Jews do not agree, the Sheriff is commanded to cause the said inquest 
to come before etc., and so many and such etc., on Martinmas quin- 
dene, to recognise etc. 



65 SCACCAKIUM JUDEOUUM 



DE QUINDENA S. JOHANNIS. 

ih.m. 3. Abraham, films Joscei, Judeus, per attornatum smnn fecit venire 

Priorem Novi Hospitalis extra Bissopesgate, quern Eobertus Sewelhod, 
tenens quandam partem terrarum que fuerunt Diei, filii Benedict], 
Judei, vocat ad warantum, ad respondendum ei de placito debiti ; et 
exigit a predicto Priore occasione etc. xij 1. et lucrum, per quoddam 
starrum-cirographum in Archa Cirographorum Londonie factum inter 
predictum Abraham et dictum Diei, quod protulit coram etc., in hec 
verba : — Diei le Evesk', Judeus, recognovit per starrum suum, quod 
tenetur Abrahe, filio Joscei, de Eboraco, in xij 1. sterlingorum, 
reddendis ei, vel cuicunque presens starrum deferenti, ad festum 
S. Michaelis anno etc. xxxvj , et si dictum terminum transierit, dicto 
Abrahe licebit mutuo accipere dictos denarios per manum alicujus 
Christiani ad usuram, videlicet, pro una libra ij denarios in septimana ; 
et pro toto predicto debito et iucro dictus Diei obligavit dicto Abrahe 
imam domum quam habet in Ismongerelane in Civitate Londonie, 
que quidem est inter domum Piicardi de Wylehale et domum Pictavini 
Le Joevene ; et dictam domum obligavit dicto Abrahe ad recipiendum 
inde dictum debitum et lucrum, et quod dictus Abraham possit 
distringere dictum Diei in quacumque curia voluerit, vel in Curia 
Christiana vel in Curia Judaica ; duni dictus Abraham vel aliqui 
assignatorum suorum habeant dictum starrum, dictus Diei non possit 
alienare aliquam acquietanciam de predicto debito nisi aliquod starrum 
de acquietancia inde facta per predictum Abraham ; et istam obliga- 
cionem dictus Diei tenetur pro se et heredibus suis facere fideliter, 
secundum Assisam et Consuetudinem Judaismi de omnibus starris 
mutui ad recognoscendum. Actum v t0 die Aprilis anno predicto. 

Predictus Prior venit et dicit, quod de predicto debito ei respondere 
non tenetur, desicut predictus Diei, qui est principalis debitor, 
superstes est, et satis habet uncle de predicto debito satisfacere potest. 
Item dicit, quod, desicut secundum Statuta Judaismi Judeus non 
debet capere usuram de Judeo, prout secundum Legem Terre nullus 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 127 2 G5 



THE QUINDENE OF ST. JOHN. 

London. Abraham, son of Joce, Jew, by his attorney caused the Prior of 

the New Hospital without Bishopsgate, vouched to warranty by Robert 
Sewelhod, tenant of part of the lands which belonged to Diaia, son of 
Benedict, Jew, to come to answer him touching a plea of debt ; and 
he demands from the said Prior in respect of the lands etc. £12 and 
interest, by a chirograph-starr in the London Chirograph-Chest made 
between the said Abraham and Diaia, which he produced before etc., 
to this effect : — Diaia le Eveske, 1 Jew, acknowledged by his starr, that 
he is bound to Abraham, son of Joce, of York, in £12 sterling, payable 
to him, or bearer of the present starr, at the feast of St. Michael in 
the 36th year of the reign, and should he miss the said term, it shall 
be lawful for the said Abraham to borrow the said money by a Christian 
hand 2 at usury, to wit, 2d. a pound a week ; and for all the said debt 
and interest the said Diaia has engaged to the said Abraham a house 
which he has in Ironmonger Lane in the City of London, which house 
is between the house of Ptichard de Wylehale and that of Pictavin Le 
Joevene ; and the said house he has engaged to the said Abraham, that 
therefrom he may receive the said debt and interest, and that the 
said Abraham may distrain the said Diaia in whatever court he may 
choose, either in the Court Christian or the Court Jewish ; and so 
long as the said Abraham or any of his assigns hold the said starr, the 
said Diaia may not alienate 3 any acquittance of the said debt except a 
starr of acquittance thereof made by the said Abraham ; and this 
obligation the said Diaia is bound for himself and his heirs faithfully 
to observe, according to the Assize and Custom of Jewry touching 
all starrs of acknowledgment of loan. Done on the 5th day of April 
in the said year. 

The said Prior comes and says, that he is not bound to answer 
him touching the said debt, seeing that the said Diaia, who is the 
principal debtor, is alive, and has wherewith to discharge the said debt. 
He also says, that according to the Statutes of Jewry Jew ought not to 
take usury from Jew, in like manner as according to the Law of the 

1 The precise meaning of this title has MS., but perhaps the scribe imperfectly 

been, and still is, matter of controversy. apprehended the Hebrew, and the true 

A.-J.H.E.P. i. 46, 260. effect of the clause was to preclude Diaia 

'-' The Christian broker would borrow from producing the acquittance outside the 

ostensibly upon his own account, and be Jewry. The two Jews were apparently in 

indemnified by his principal ; and thus the collusion ; and Diaia may have been 

law which forbade the Jews to practise secretly indemnified for making default in 

usury among themselves would be evaded. the Exchequer. 



Alienare ' stands unmistakably in the 



k 2 



06 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

Christianus poterit capere usuram de Christiano ; et, in dicto starro 
continetur, quod Judeus debet capere usuram de Judeo. Item dicit, 
quod secundum Statuta et Consuetudinem Judaismi quodlibet scrip- 
turn et cirographum per quod Judeus exigere possifc debitum de aliquo 
Christiano debet poni in Archa Judeorum, dicta cirographa et scripta 
debent scribi de manu clerici jurati ad hoc faciendum per sacramentum 
proborum et legalium horuimira electi, et in Archa poni per manum 
Cirographariorum Christianorum, ita quod unus Cirographarius Chris- 
tianus vel dictus clericus dictum scriptum et cirographum sciat legere ; 
et dictum cirographum non est scriptum demanu clerici jurati, nee de 
littera quam predictus Cirographarius vel clericus legere sciat, set est 
de littera Ebraica, contra Assisam predictam ; et de hoc petit judicium. 

Preterea dicit, quod, cum actum confectionis dicti starri sit quinto 
die Aprilis anno xxxvj , et postea diversa scrutinia facta fuerint per 
preceptum Domini Eegis de omnibus Archis Judeorum in Anglia, et 
maxiine in anno liij per Johannem de "Westona, TValteruin de La 
Croce, et Willelmum de Middletona, ita quod per predictum scrutinium 
Dominus Eex scire voluit omnia catalla Judeorum in Archis Ciro- 
graphorum existentia, per que eos Judeos cartare voluit ad tallagium 
super eos faciendum, et dictum cirographum ad predictum scrutinium 
inventum non fuit, ponit se super recordum predictorum rotulorum 
de scrutinio predicto. 

Predictus Judeus dicit, quod, licet Diei sit superstes et habeat 
bona ad debitum predictum acquietandum, tamen bene licebit pre- 
dicto Abrahe totum debitum predictum petere de predicto Christiano, 
eo quod tenet vadia in dicto starro nominata. Preterea dicit, quod, 
licet in dicto starro continetur, quod, si non solvat predictas xij 1. ad 
terminum prenominatum, bene licebit ei capere inde usuram, scilicet, 
pro libra ij d. in septimana, per manum Christiani, si predicto 
Priori videatur hoc ei injustum esse, eat in capitulo coram Magistris 
de Lege sua, et ibi eum implacitet, quia alibi hujusmodi tangentia 
Legem suam non debent emendari. Item, dicit, quod bene licebit 
Judeis facere hujusmodi starra ad modum cirographi inter Judeos 
et Judeos de debitis suis, in Archa Judeorum scribere et ponere per 
manus clericorum suorum. 

Predictus Abraham dicit, quod, licet predictum starrum non sit 
irrotulatum in scrutiniis predictis, ei nocere non debet, quia hujus- 
modi starra de debitis irrotulari non debent nee consueverunt, quia 
Eex facit scrutinium de debitis Christianorum sciendis, et non debitis 
inter Judeos et Judeos sciendis ; et de omnibus premissis petit judicium. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, AD. 1272 66 

Land Christian may not take usury from Christian ; and in the said 
starr it is contained, that Jew should take usury from Jew. He says 
again, that according to the Statutes and Custom of Jewry every 
writing and chirograph by which a Jew may make demand of debt 
from a Christian ought to be placed in the Jews' Chest, the said 
chirographs and writings ought to be written by the hand of a sworn 
clerk elected for the purpose by oath of true and lawful men, and 
to be placed in the Chest by the hands of Christian Chirographers, 
and ought to be legible to one of the Christian Chirographers or the 
said clerk ; and the said chirograph is not written by the hand of a 
sworn clerk, nor in a character which is legible to either the said 
Chirographer or the clerk, but is in the Hebrew character, against 
the said Assize ; and touching this he craves judgment. 

He says furthermore, that, as the date of the making of the said 
starr is the 5th day of April in the 36th year, and by our Lord the 
King's command divers scrutinies have since been made of all the 
Chests of the Jews in England, and especially in the 53rd year by 
John de Weston, Walter de La Croix, and William de Middleton, our 
Lord the King by the said scrutiny desiring to know all the chattels 
of the Jews that were in the Chirograph-Chests, and thereby to list 
the Jews for the talliage to be laid upon them, and at the said 
scrutiny the said chirograph was not found, he puts himself upon the 
record of the said rolls of the said scrutiny. 

The said Jew says, that, though Diaia be alive and have the 
means to acquit the said debt, yet he, the said Abraham, may claim all 
the said debt of the said Christian, because he holds the gages named 
in the said starr. Thereto he adds, that, though in the said starr it 
is contained, that, if Diaia do not pay the said £12 at the term afore- 
said, he may take usury therefor, to wit, 2d. a pound a week, by a 
Christian hand, if this seem to the said Prior to be unjust to him, let 
him go before the Masters of his Law in chapter, and implead him 
there, because matters of this sort touching his Law ought not to be 
corrected elsewhere. Again, he says, that Jews may have starrs of 
this kind by way of chirograph of debt between Jews and Jews written 
and placed in the Jews' Chest by the hands of their own clerks. 

The said Abraham adds, that, though the said starr be not on the 
rolls of the said scrutinies, he ought not to suffer thereby, because 
starrs of debt of this kind ought not nor have been wont to be en- 
rolled, inasmuch as the King makes the scrutiny, that he may know the 
debts of the Christians, and not that he may know debts between Jew 
and Jew ; and on all the premises he craves judgment. And the said 



07 SCACCAEIUM JUDEOKUM 

Et predictus Prior similiter. Et super hoc habent diein, eras, coram 
Thesaurario et Baronibus. Ad quem diem dictus Prior et alii veniunt 
et petunt judicium. Et quia predictus Diei, qui est princi- 
palis debitor, superstes est, et satis habet ad satisfaciendum de 
predicto debito, et quia usura continetur in dicto starro, et est contra 
Assisam Judaismi, et quia predictum starrum non est scriptum de 
manu clerici jurati, et ponitur in Archa Cirographorum Judeorum, 
et similiter quia predictum debitum non est inventum in rotulis in 
ultimo scrutinio ; consideration est, quod predictus Prior de predicto 
debito sit quietus, et quod predicte domus, 1 que fuerunt dicti Prioris 
et dicti Diei, pro predicto debito non onerentur. Et predictus 
Abraham pro confectione dicti starri contra Assisam Judaismi com- 
mittitur prisone ; et quod predictum debitum sit Eegis. Et similiter 
consideratum est, quod Cirographarii, qui fuerunt in anno xxxvj , 
tempore quo dictum starrum positum fuit in Archa Cirographorum, 
veniant coram etc., ad respondendum Piegi de hoc, quod predictum 
starrum contra Assisam Judaismi posuerunt in Archa ; et similiter 
preceptum est Cirographariis, qui nunc sunt, quod habeant dictum 
starrum coram etc. in octabis S. Michaelis, ad levandum inde de 
predicto Diei predictas xij 1. ad opus Eegis. 

ib.m.4, Memorandum, quod, cum Johannes de Watele, clericus Domine 

ion!!'. Eegine Anglie, petiisset c 1. a Cok, filio Cresse, 2 Judeo, Londonie, quas 

dictus Cok debet Domine Eegine in denariis numerandis, et dictus 
Judeus venit et dixit et recognovit se teneri prefate Eegine in c libratis 3 
debitorum, et non in denariis numerandis, et de hoc point se super 
Consilium Eegis ; predictus Johannes dicit, quod dictus Judeus tene- 
tur prefate Eegine in c 1. de denariis numerandis, et non de debitis, 
et de hoc ponit se super Consilium Eegis et prefate Eegine, et super 
illos qui fuerunt convencioni inter ipsos confecte. Postea dictus Cok 
recognovit, quod satisfaciet prefate Eegine de 1 1. de predictis c 1. a die 
S. Jacobi Apostoli anno etc. lvj t0 in xv dies, et de aliis 1 1. a die 
S. Michaelis in xv dies proximo sequente ; et ad istam solucionem ad 
predictos terminos faciendam invenit manucaptores, videlicet, Bene- 
dictum de Wintoriia, Cresse, filium Gente, Jacobum Le Clerk, et 

' Sic : the one house being treated as two King (29 Sept. 1270) confirmed his devise 

houses, because held in co-ownership. of his houses in Milk Street, London, to his 

Diaia had evidently assigned his share, or son Cok, on the express ground, ' quod num- 

it would have been taken into the King's quam in vita sua in aliquo deliquit contra 

hand. Nos, set tanquam bonus et fidelis Judeus 

- Cresse, son of Master Moses and bene et fideliter, more Judeorum, vixit. 

brother of Chief Eabbi Elias. He appears Eot. Lit. Pat. 54 Hen. III. m. 3. 

to have been an Israelite indeed, in whom 3 See Glossary, ' marcata.' 
there was no guile, for on his death the 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1l>7i> 6 i 

Prior likewise. And touching this they have a day, to-morrow, before 
the Treasurer and Barons. On which day the said Prior and the others 
come and crave judgment. And because the said Diaia, who is the 
principal debtor, is alive, and has the means to discharge the said debt, 
and because usury is contained in the said starr, and is against the 
Assize of Jewry, and because the said starr is not in the handwriting 
of a sworn clerk, though placed in the Chirograph-Chest of the Jews, 
and likewise because the said debt is not found on the rolls of the last 
scrutiny ; it is adjudged, that the said Prior be quit of the said debt, 
and that the said houses, which belonged to the said Prior and the 
said Diaia, be not charged with the said debt. And for making the 
said starr against the Assize of Jewry the said Abraham is committed 
to prison ; and let the said debt be the King's. And likewise it is 
adjudged, that the Chirographers, who were in office in the 36th year, 
when the said starr was placed in the Chirograph-Chest, come before 
etc., to answer the King for that they placed the said starr in the 
Chest against the Assize of Jewry ; and likewise the Chirographers, 
who are now in office, are ordered to have the said starr before etc. 
on the octave of St. Michael, thereby to levy upon the said Diaia the 
said £12 to the use of the King. 

Be it had in remembrance, that, whereas John de Whately, clerk 
of our Lady the Queen of England, claimed from Cok, son of Cresse, 
Jew, of London, £100, which the said Cok owes our Lady the 
Queen in ready money, and the said Jew came and said and 
acknowledged, that he is bound to the said Queen in debts to the 
amount of £100, and not in ready money, and touching this puts 
himself upon the King's Council ; the said John says, that the said 
Jew is bound to the said Queen in £100 in ready money, and not in 
debts, and touching this he puts himself upon the King's Council 
and the Council of the said Queen, and upon those who were present 
when the agreement was made between them. Afterwards the said 
Cok acknowledged, that he will pay the said Queen £50 of the said 
£100 on the quindene of St. James the Apostle in the fifty-sixth year 
of the reign, and the residue on Michaelmas quindene next following ; 
and for the payments to be made at the said terms he found main- 
pernors, to wit, Benedict of Winchester, Cresse, son of Genta, Jacob Le 



68 SCACCARIUM JUDEOKUM 

Gamaliel cle Oxonia, Judeos, ita, videlicet, quod, si dictus Cok non 
solvat predictos denarios ad prediclos terminos, quod dicti manu- 
captores distringantur per omnes terras, debita et catalla sua, et etiam 
per corpora sua, pro predictis denariis, quousque de predictis c 1. 
integre fuerit satisfactum ; et similiter dictus Cok obligavit se et omnia 
bona et catalla ad satisfaciendum prefate Domine Eegine de trans- 
gressione eidem facta de termino solucionis sue de dictis c 1. non 
observato, si prefata Eegina se conqueri voluerit. 



Memorandum, quod recordatum est per Eadulfum de S. Ositha et 
Fulconem Peyforer, Justiciaries, quod Walterus, filius Humfridi de 
Pentenbawe, venit et recognovit coram eis, se teneri Johanni de Bades- 
well, clerico, in xl m., quas dictus Johannes accommodavit dicto 
Waltero ad quandam solucionem perficiendam Cok, filio Cresse, Judeo, 
solvendis eidem Jolianni ad festum Omnium Sanctorum anno etc. 
lvj° c s., ad Nativitatem S. Johannis Baptiste proximo sequentem 
c s., ad festum Omnium Sanctorum proximo sequens c s., ad festum 
Nativitatis S. Johannis Baptiste proximo sequens c s., et ad festum 
Omnium Sanctorum proximo sequens x m. ; et nisi fecerit, concedit, 
quod de terris et catallis suis fiant etc. 



Memorandum, quod Willelmus de Orlavestona, quondam Justiciarius 
Judeorum, venit coram etc. die Veneris, a die S. Johannis Baptiste in 
tres septimanas, anno etc. lvj°, etprotulit duos rotulos de Placitis Juda- 
ismi, videlicet, unum de Placitis, Essoniis et Memorandis de Termino 
Pasche anno xlij , de tempore Simonis Passelewe et Thome Esperun, 
tunc Justiciariorum, et unum de Placitis, Essoniis et Memorandis de 
Termino S. Hillarii anno l m0 , de tempore Johannis Le Moygne. Et 
dicti rotuli remanent in custodia Willelmi de Middeltona. 



Preceptum fuit Vicecomiti, quod de Judeis Cantebrigie levari faceret 
viij s., de Judeis Huntedona iij s., de Judeis de Bodekesham ij s., et de 
Judeis de Holm ij s., ad opus Henrici de Wintonia, pro quatuor marcis 
auri quas dictus Henricus mutuo commisit Hagino, filio Magistri 
Mossei, et Magistro Elie, ad opus Eegis,que super totamcommunitatem 
Judeorum Anglie fuerunt assesse ad festum S. Johannis Baptiste 
anno etc. liij ; ita quod denarios illos haberet coram etc. ad instantes 



EXCHEQUER OE THE JEWS, A.D. 1272 08 

Clerk, and Gamaliel of Oxford, Jews, that so it should be that, if the 
said Cok do not pay the said moneys at the said terms, the said 
mainpernors be distrained for the said moneys by all their lands, debts 
owing to them, and chattels, and also by their bodies, until full pay- 
ment be made of the said £100 ; and in like manner the said Cok 
bound himself and all his goods and chattels to make compensation 
to the said Queen for the trespass against her, should he fail to 
observe the term of payment of the said £100, if the said Queen 
should see fit to complain thereof. 

Be it had in remembrance, that it is recorded by Ealph de St. 
Osyth and Fulk Peyforer, Justices, that Walter, son of Humfrey de 
Pentenhawe, came and acknowledged before them, that he is bound 
to John de Eadeswell, clerk, in 40 marks, which the said John lent 
the said Walter to enable a certain payment to be made to Cok, son 
of Cresse, Jew, payment to be made to the said John of 100s. at 
the feast of All Saints in the fifty-sixth year of the reign, 100s. at the 
Nativity of St. John the Baptist next following, 100s. at the feast of 
All Saints next following, 100s. at the Nativity of St. John the 
Baptist next following, and 10 marks at the feast of All Saints next 
following ; and if he make default, he grants, that of his lands and 
chattels there be made etc. 

Be it had in remembrance, that William de Orlaveston, formerly 
Justice of the Jews, came before etc. on Friday, St. John the Baptist's 
day three weeks, in the fifty- sixth year of the reign, and produced 
two rolls of Pleas of Jewry, to wit, a roll of Pleas, Essoins, and Memo- 
randa of Easter Term in the forty-second year, Simon Passelewe and 
Thomas Sperun being then Justices, and a roll of Pleas, Essoins, and 
Memoranda of Hilary Term in the fiftieth year, in the time of John 
Le Moyne. And the said rolls remain in the keeping of William de 
Middleton. 

The Sheriff was commanded, that he cause to be levied upon the 
Jews of Cambridge 8s., upon the Jews of Huntingdon 3s., upon the 
Jews of Bottisham 2s., and upon the Jews of Holm 2s., to the use 
of Henry de Winton, upon account of 4 marks of gold which the said 
Henry lent to Hagin, son of Master Moses, and Master Elias, to the use 
of the King, which marks were assessed upon the entire community of 
the Jews of England at the feast of St. John the Baptist in the fifty- 
third year of the reign ; so that he have those moneys before etc. three 



09 SCACCARITJM JUDEORUM 

tres septimanas S. Johannis, clicto Henrico liberandos. Ad quern diem 
Vicecomes misit predictos viij s. de Judeis de Cantebrigia, et iij s. de 
Judeis Huntedone, quos solvit Eicardo de Wykehain, attornato dicti 
Henrici, et inde quietus est ; et mandavit, quod ballivi Comitisse de 
Gloucestria non permittunt ipsum intrare Libertatem de Bodekesham ; 
et ballivi Eadinundi, filii Eegis Allemannie, non permittunt ipsum ali- 
qaem denarium levare de Judeis de Holm. Ideo preceptum est Vice- 
comiti, quod non omittat, propter predictas Libertates, quin eas etc., et 
dictos denarios de Judeis de Bodekesham et de Holm fieri faciat ; ita 
quod eos habeat coram etc. in octabis S. Michaelis. 



Preceptum f uit Vicecomiti, quod de Judeis de Wiltonia levari faceret 
dim. m., de Judeis de Crikelad iij s., et de Judeis de Devises ij s., ad 
opus Henrici de Wintonia, pro quatuor marcis auri quas dictus 
Henricus mutuo commisit ut supra ; ita quod denarios illos haberet 
coram etc. ad instantes tres septimanas S. Johannis Baptiste, predicto 
Henrico liberandos. Et Vicecomes mandavit, quod retornavit breve 
ballivis Libertatum Wiltonie, Crikelad et Devises, qui nichil inde 
fecerunt. Et quia constat Justiciariis, quod predicti Judei sunt in 
potestate ipsius Yicecomitis, et non in potestate ballivorum aliquarum 

Libertatum, ideo ipse Vicecomes, scilicet / in misericordia. Et 

preceptum est ei, quod non omittat, propter predictas Libertates, quin 
eas etc. ; et sicut alias, a die S. Michaelis in xv dies. Et Vicecomes 
sciat se etc. 



Eodem modo et pro eodem preceptum fuit Vicecomiti Surreie et 
Sussexe, quod de Judeis de Geldeford levari faceret iij s., de Judeis 
Cicestrie iij s., de Judeis de Arondell' iij s., de Judeis de Lewes ij s., 
de Judeis de Saford ij s., et de Judeis de Hacesham ij s. ; ita quod 
denarios illos haberet coram etc. ad predictum diem, predicto Henrico 
liberandos. Et Vicecomes mandavit, quod communitas Judeorum 
solvit Eoberto Tayllard, nuper Constabulario Geldeford, iij s., ad opus 
dicti Henrici, et idem Eobertus amotus est aballiva sua, et nichil habet 
in bonis, nee est inventus in patria ; et quod Judei Cicestrie sunt de 
Libertate Eadmundi, filii Eegis Allemannie, cujus ballivi, qui habue- 



1 The name is omitted because the office charged by a locum tenens. See List of 
was in fact vacant, the duties being dis- Sheriffs (P.E.O.) p. 152. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.I). 1272 69 

weeks after St. John the Baptist's day instant, to be delivered to the 
said Henry. On which day the Sheriff sent the said 8s. levied upon 
the Jews of Cambridge, and 3s. levied upon the Jews of Huntingdon, 
which he paid to Richard of Wykeham, the said Henry's attorney, and 
thereof is quit ; and he sent word, that the bailiffs of the Countess 
of Gloucester do not permit him to enter the Liberty of Bottisham ; 
and that the bailiffs of Edmund, 1 son of the King of Germany, do not 
permit him to levy any money upon the Jews of Holm. So the 
Sheriff is commanded, that he omit not, by reason of the said Liberties, 
to enter etc., and to cause the said moneys to be made of the chattels 
of the Jews of Bottisham and Holm ; so that he have them before 
etc. on Michaelmas octave. 

The Sheriff was commanded, that he cause to be levied upon the 
Jews of Wilton ^ mark, upon the Jews of Cricklade 3s., and upon 
the Jews of Devizes 2s., to the use of Henry de Winton, upon account of 
the 4 marks of gold which the said Henry lent as aforesaid ; so that he 
have those moneys before etc. three weeks after St. John the Baptist's 
day instant, to be delivered to the said Henry. And the Sheriff sent 
word, that he returned the writ to the bailiffs of the Liberties of Wilton, 
Cricklade, and Devizes, who did nought in execution thereof. And 
as the Justices are satisfied, that the said Jews are in the jurisdiction 
of the Sheriff, and not in the jurisdiction of the bailiffs of any Liber- 
ties, therefore the Sheriff, to wit , is in mercy. And he is com- 
manded, that he omit not, by reason of the said Liberties, to enter etc. ; 
and mandate, as before, for Michaelmas quindene. And let the 
Sheriff know that he etc. 

In the same way and on the same account the Sheriff of Surrey 
and Sussex was commanded, that he cause to be levied upon the Jews 
of Guildford 3s., upon the Jews of Chichester 3s., upon the Jews of 
Arundel 3s., upon the Jews of Lewes 2s., upon the Jews of Seaford 
2s., and upon the Jews of Hatcham 2s. ; so that he have those moneys 
before etc. on the said day, to be delivered to the said Henry. And 
the Sheriff sent word, that the community of the Jews paid Robert 
Tayllard, late Constable of Guildford, 3s., to the use of the said Henry, 
and the said Robert is removed from his bailiwick, and has nought 
in goods, and is not found in the country ; and that the Jews of 
Chichester belong to the Liberty of Edmund, son of the King of 
Germany, whose bailiffs had the return, and did nought in execution 

' Richard's successor in the earldom of Cornwall, but not yet invested. 



70 



SCACCAFJUM JUDEORUM 



runt retornimi, nichil hide fecerunt. Et Judei de Arondell' et Lewes 
nichil habent nisi quasdam domos vacuas, et non sunt inventi in balliva 
sua. Et Judei de Saford et Hacesham sunt de Libertate Domine 
Regine Anglie, cujus ballivi, qui habuerunt retornum, nichil inde 
fecerunt. Judicium, quod non omittat, propter Libertates predictas, 
quin eas etc., et sicut alias, a die S. Michaelis in xv dies. 

Eodem modo et pro eodem precept am fuit Vicecomiti Gloucestr', 
quod de Judeis Gloucestrie levari faceret viij s. ; ita quod denarios 
illos haberet coram etc. ad predictum diem, predicto Henrico liberan- 
dos ; et unde Vicecomes niandavit, quod de communitate Judeorum 
Gloucestrie levari fecit viij s., et illos tradidit Ursello, Judeo, ad por- 
tandum, ita quod essent ad diem ; qui quidem Ursellus dictos denarios 
ad dictum diem non habuit. Ideo ipse Ursellus in misericordia. Et 
preceptum est Vicecomiti, sicut alias, a die S. Michaelis in xv dies, et 
quod habeat corpus dicti Urselli ad eundem diem, ad respondendum 
de injusta detencione. 



Eodem modo et pro eodem preceptum fuit Vicecomiti Hereford', 
quod de Judeis Herefordie levari faceret dim. m. ; ita quod denarios 
illos haberet coram etc. ad predictum diem, predicto Henrico liberandos. 
Et Vicecomes mandavit, quod Aaron Le Blund, Judeus, Herefordie, 
qui in majori parte istius dim. m. tenetur, est in prisona apud Lon- 
doniam, et bona et catalla aliorum Judeorum Herefordie seisita sunt in 
manuni Domini Regis, et Archa Cirographorum suorum per preceptum 
Regis sigillata. Ideo preceptum est ei, sicut alias, a die S. Michaelis 
in xv dies. 



DE TERMINO S. HILLARII ANNO REGNI REGIS 
EDWARDI PRIMO. 



ftot. 12, 
Loud. 



Samuel, films Aaron, Judeus, Londonie, fuit attachiatus ad 
respondendum Rogero de Kyntona de placito transgressionis et unde 
queritur, quod idem Rogerus in vigilia Annunciationis B. Marie anno 
regni Domini Henrici Regis, patris Regis nunc, lv°, venisset ad domum 
Hervei de Bathonia, in Civitate Londonie, ubi Comes Gloucestrie fuit, 
ad peciendum l servicium et salarium suum pro servicio ipsius Rogeri 



Sic. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1273 70 

thereof. And the Jews of Arundel and Lewes have nought except 
some empty houses, and are not found in his bailiwick. And the Jews 
of Seaford andHatcham belong to the Liberty of our Lady the Queen 
of England, whose bailiffs had the return, and did nought in execution 
thereof. Judgment, that he omit not, by reason of the said Liberties, 
to enter etc., and mandate, as before, for Michaelmas quindene. 1 

In the same way and on the same account the Sheriff of Gloucester- 
shire was commanded, that he cause to be levied upon the Jews of 
Gloucester 8s. ; so that he have those moneys before etc. on the said 
day, to be delivered to the said Henry ; and in regard thereof the 
Sheriff sent word, that he caused 8s. to be levied upon the community 
of the Jews of Gloucester, and delivered them to Ursel, Jew, to carry, 
that they might be forthcoming on the day appointed ; which Ursel 
had not the said moneys on the said day. So Ursel in mercy. And 
mandate to the Sheriff, as before, for Michaelmas quindene, and that 
he have the body of the said Ursel on the same day, to answer for the 
unlawful detinue. 

In the same way and on the same account the Sheriff of Hereford- 
shire was commanded, that he levy upon the Jews of Hereford i mark ; 
so that he have those moneys before etc. on the said day, to be delivered 
to the said Henry. And the Sheriff sent word, that Aaron Le Blund, 
Jew, of Hereford, who is bound in the greater part of this £ mark, is 
in prison at London, and the goods and chattels of the other Jews of 
Hereford are taken into the hand of our Lord the King, and that their 
Chirograph-Chest is closed under seal by command of the King. 
Therefore mandate to him, as before, for Michaelmas quindene. 



HILARY TERM IN THE FIRST YEAR OF THE REIGN OF 
KING EDWARD, [a.d. 1273.] 

Samuel, son of Aaron, Jew, of London, was attached to answer 
Roger de Kineton touching a plea of trespass, whereof the said 
Roger complains, that on the vigil of the Annunciation of 
Blessed Mary in the fifty-fifth year of the reign of King Henry, 
father of the present King, at the house of Hervey de Bath, in the 
City of London, where the Earl of Gloucester then was, the said 

1 It is evident from these records that the Liberties afforded the Jews no secure 
asylum. 



ib. m. 

Loml. 



71 SCACCARIUM JUDEOKUM 

Comiti predicto impenso, predictus Samuel eundem Rogerum verbis 
contumeliosis infestavit et insultavit, imponendo ei crimen seductionis, 
et dicendo ipsum vidisse ubi diet us Rogerus cepit sex denarios ad 
seducendum quendam Christianum in quodam placito xl m., per 
quod idem Rogerus diffamatus est erga dictum Comitem et suos, et 
eciam versus plures alios, per quod non potest ab eodem Comite 
salarium suum pro servicio suo sibi prestito percipere, ad dampnum 
ipsius Rogeri, c 1. ; et unde produxit sectam. 

Predictus Samuel et defendit vim etc. et de transgressione et 
infestacione verborum promptus est se acquietare per quicquid Curia 
Regis consideraverit, quod ipsum acquietare debeat ; et petit, quod 
commune jus et Communis Lex super hoc exhibeatur. 

Et predictus Rogerus dicit, quod predictam infestacionem promptus 
est verificare per Christianos et Judeos qui ibidem interf uerant ; et 
petit, quod per auxilium Curie inquiratur per eosdem. 

Et quia dictus Rogerus nicliil dicit, quin dictus Judeus esset ad 
legem suam, consideratum est, quod dictus Samuel invadiet ei legem 
ad faciendum a die Pasche in tres septimanas, per plegiagium Jacobi 
le Evesk' et Joscei, filii Sleme. Ad quern diem predictus Samuel 
venit et fecit se 2 sola manu legem ; et requisitus, si aliquem alium 
secum duxerit ad legem illam secum faciendam, dicit, quod non. Et 
predictus Rogerus petit judicium, desicut predictus Samuel petiit 
Legem Communem, et earn habuit, et invadiavit ad faciendum ad 
hunc diem, et earn secundum Communem Legem non fecit, nisi se 
sola manu. Et super hoc habent judicium suum, eras. 

Et postea, per licenciam Justiciariorum, concordati sunt sub forma, 
quod dictus Samuel dabit dicto Roger o j m., unde solvit incontinenti 
dim. mi, et aliam dim. m. solvet in octabis S. Trinitatis, per plegiagium 
Manseri, filii Aaron, Judei. Et nisi fecerit, dicti Judei concedunt, 
quod de terris et catallis suis fiant. 



Memorandum, quod, cum Leo, filius Preciose, Judeus, mortuus, 
teneretur Domine Regine, matris 3 Domini Regis, in xv m. et dim., de 
diversis particulis de Auro 4 ejusdem Regine, assignatum est eidem 
Domine Regine unum debitum xx 1., in quo Walterus filius Bernardi, 

2 Sic. The apt turn thus given to the for matri, or that ' ad opus ' has been 
formula is not peculiar to this case. omitted before ' Domine Regine.' 

3 Sic. The sense is the same, whether ' See Glossary, 
we suppose that ' matris ' is a clerical error 



EXCHEQUER OF TPIE JEWS, AD. 1273 71 

Samuel did him, Roger, who had come thither in quest of service and 
his salary for service done by him for the said Earl, molest and assail 
with contumelious words, charging him with the crime of seduction, 
and saying, that he had seen him, the said Koger, take 6d. to seduce 
a Christian in a plea of 40 marks, whereby the said Koger lost repute 
with the said Earl and his men, and also with several others, so that 
he is unable to get from the said Earl his salary for service rendered 
him, to his, Roger's, damage, £100 ; whereof he produced suit. 

The said Samuel both defends the force etc., and touching the 
trespass and the verbal molestation is ready to acquit himself in 
whatever manner the King's Court may award, that he should acquit 
himself; and he craves, that on this matter common right and 
Common Law may be dispensed. 

And the said Roger says, that the said molestation he is ready to 
verify by Christians and Jews who were present where it took place ; 
and he craves the aid of the Court, that inquest be had by the same. 

And because the said Roger says nothing, whereby the said 
Jew should not be at making his law, it is adjudged, that the 
said Samuel wage him to make law three weeks after Easter, 
by pledges, to wit, Jacob le Eveske and Joce, son of Slema. On 
which day the said Samuel came and made himself law single- 
handed ; and being asked, whether he has brought any one else to 
make the law with him, he says, no. And the said Roger craves 
judgment, for that the said Samuel craved the Common Law, and 
had it, and waged to make law on this day, and did not make it by 
the Common Law, but only single-handed. And touching this they 
have their judgment, to-morrow. 

And thereafter, by leave of the Justices, they made fine in the 
form, that the said Samuel shall give the said Roger 1 mark, of which 
he pays one half mark forthwith, and will pay another half mark 
on the octave of Holy Trinity. Pledge, Manser, son of Aaron, Jew. 
And if he shall make default, the said Jews grant, that the amount be 
made of their lands and chattels. 

Be it had in remembrance, that, whereas Leo, son of Preciosa, Jew, 
deceased, was bound to the use of our Lady the Queen, our Lord the 
King's mother, in 15| marks, in respect of several items of the said 
Queen's Gold, there is assigned to our said Lady the Queen a debt of 
£20, in which Walter FitzBernard, knight, of the County of Essex, was 



cat' Leon' 
fil' fredus 



72 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

miles, de Comitatu Essexe, tenebatur dicto Leoni, ita quod de eodem 
debito xx I. leventur dicte xv m. et dim. ad opus dicte Domine Eegine, 
et residuum illius debiti xxl. remaneat heredibus ipsius Leonis. Et 
carta predictarum xx 1. traditur Johanni de Whatelega, Custodi Auri 
ejusdem Eegine, ad levandum predictas xv m. et dim. 

Summa omnium catallorum Leonis, filii Preciuse, 1 Judei, mortui, 
post puramentum factum per uxorem dicti Leonis et heredes ipsius 
Leonis, tarn mobilium quam inmobilium, Dvij 1. xj s. iiij d., unde de 
predictis catallis subtractum est ad opus Eegis xll. xvj s. viij d. ; et 
carte continentes predictas xl 1. xvj s. et viij d. ponuntur in Thesauro 
Eegis ; et sic remanent de claro cccclxvj 1. xiiij s. viij d. ; unde tercia 
pars Eegis est, scilicet, civ 1. xj s. vj d. ob. Pro qua quidem tercia 
parte, et pro tallagio predicti Leonis, Justiciarii ceperunt ad opus 
Eegis xxj cartas de melioribus et clarioribus debitis predicti Leonis, 
continentes predictam summam. 

Memorandum, quod, cum una carta xl. sub nominibus Jacobi 
Haunsard, de Comitatu Surreie, et Leonis, filii Preciose, Judei, 
mortui, fuisset in manu Domini Eegis per mortem dicti Leonis, Prior 
S. Marie de Suwerk', tenens quandam partem terrarum que fuerunt 
predicti Jacobi, venit coram etc., et protulit partem predicti Judei de 
predicto debito dampnatam, et unum starrum in hec verba : — Quod 
Leo, films Preciuse, perdonavit et acquietavit Jacobo Haunsard, et 
heredibus et assignatis suis, predictum debitum xl., et omnia alia 
debita in quibus predictus Jacobus dicto Judeo tenebatur a principio 
seculi usque ad festum S. Petri ad Vincula anno Domini Henrici 
Eegis lvj°. Quod quidem starrum sigillatum fuit littera Hebraica, 
sicut moris est Judeorum, per manum dicti Leonis, sicut dictus Prior 
dixit. Et quia incertum fuit Justiciariis, utrum predictus Leo 
sigillavit predictum starrum manu sua, vel non, inquisitum fuit per 
Benedictum de Wintonia, Gamaliel de Oxonia, Cresse, filium Gente, 
Isaac de Berkhamstede et Aaron de La Eye, Judeos. Qui dicunt 
super sacramentum suurn, quod predictus Leo sigillavit manu sua 
predictum starrum. Ideo carta de predicto debito in qua cera 
dependebat, que venit de Archa Cirographorum Londonie per mortem 
dicti Leonis, et fuit in Thesauro Eegis, predicto Priori in pleno 
Scaccario quiete liberatur dampnata. 

1 This name is spelt indifferently with an ' o ' or a ' u.' 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1273 72 

bound to the said Leo, to the intent that of the said debt of £20 
the said 15| marks be raised to the use of our said Lady the Queen, and 
that the residue of that debt of £20 do remain to his, Leo's, heirs. 
And the charter for the said £20 is given to John de Whately, Keeper 
of the said Queen's Gold, that he may raise the said 15^ marks. 

Sum of all the chattels of Leo, son of Preciosa, Jew, deceased, 
after liquidation made by the wife and heirs of the said Leo, as well 
of movables as of immovables, £507 lis. 4d., from which said 
chattels deduction is made to the use of the King of £40 16s. 8d. ; 
and the charters containing the said £40 16s. 8d. are placed in the 
King's Treasury ; and so there remain clear £466 14s. 8d. ; of which 
the third part belongs to the King, to wit, £155 lis. 6£d. For which 
third part, and for the talliage of the said Leo, the Justices took to the 
King's use twenty-one charters of the better and clearer debts owing 
to the said Leo, which contain the said sum. 

Be it had in remembrance, that, whereas a charter for £10 under 
the names of James Haunsard, of the County of Surrey, and Leo, son 
of Preciosa, Jew, deceased, was in the hand of our Lord the King by 
reason of the death of the said Leo, the Prior of St. Mary of Southwark, 
tenant of part of the lands which belonged to the said James, came before 
etc., and produced the said Jew's part of a chirograph for the said debt 
cancelled, and a starr to this effect : — That Leo, son of Preciosa, released 
and acquitted to James Haunsard, and his heirs and assigns, the said 
debt of £10, and all other debts in which the said James was bound 
to the said Jew from the beginning of the world to the feast of 
St. Peter's Chains in the fifty-sixth year of King Henry. Which starr 
— so the said Prior said — bore the said Leo's seal and sign-manual in 
the Hebrew character, as is the custom of the Jews. And because 
the Justices were in doubt, whether the said Leo sealed the said 
starr with his hand, or no, inquest was made by Benedict of 
Winchester, Gamaliel of Oxford, Cresse, son of Genta, Isaac of 
Berkhamsted, and Aaron of Eye, Jews. Who say upon their oath, 
that the said Leo sealed the said starr with his hand. So the charter 
for the said debt, having the seal attached, which came from the 
London Chirograph-Chest by reason of the death of the said Leo, and 
was in the King's Treasury, is in full Exchequer delivered to the said 
Prior quit and cancelled. 



73 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

^ r ™- 7 > Memorandum, quod istud breve subscriptum emanavit pro Cirogra- 

Lond - phariis Christianis Londonie : — Edwardus etc. Majori et Vicecomitibus 

Londonie salutem : — Quia per antiqua statuta et libertates predeces- 
sorum nostrorum, Eegum Anglie, ministris, et omnibus qui omciuni 
habent, in Scaccario nostro Judeorum, concessa et confirmata et 
bactenus usitata, iidem ministri, et alii qui officium habent, quieti 
sunt a prestacione tallagii ; vobis mandamus, quod Johannem Skip 
et Eobertum Hayrun de tallagio quietos permittatis, quamdiu fuerint 
in officio illo, districcionem super ipsos, si quam ea occasione feceritis, 
relaxantes. 

Lo ^- Quia datum fuit intelligi Justiciariis, quod Cok', films Aaron, 

Judeus, interfectus, habuit iij filios et heredes suos, inter quos omnia 
bona sua racione hereditatis deberent esse partita, et unus ex ipsis, 
scilicet, Manserus nomine, obiit infra ij vel tres annos post mortem dicti 
Cok' ; unde Eex de jure et secundum Assisam et Consuetudinem 
Judaismi debuerat habuisse terciam partem bonorum suorum ad ipsos 
spectantium ; et Haginus, filius Magistri Mossei, qui juratus fuit 
Domino Eegi in Scaccario Judeorum ad Justiciariis Domini Eegis 
fideliter consulendum et jura Eegis exprimenda, et qui habuit custo- 
diam dicti Manseri, mortem ipsius defuncti maliciose et falso contra 
sacramentum suum concelavit, et post mortem dicti Manseri defuncti 
idem Haginus catalla ad ipsum Manserum defunctum ad Eegem 
spectantia inter duos alios fratres superstites dicti defuncti partiri 
fecit, et unum fratrem fecit desponsare filiam suam, et alteram 
fratrem concessit Aaron Crespin ad desponsandum filiam suam, et 
hac racione concessit predicto Aaron, eo quod dictus Aaron noctanter, 
post interfectionem dicti Cok', una cum Christianis et Judeis adivit in 
quodam curtilagio juxta domum dicti Cok', ubi thesaurus dicti Cok' fuit 
absconditus, et ibi cepit, ut in auro, argento, cuppis aureis et argenteis, 
anulis, zonis et frustis auri, ad valenciam m 1., et predictum 
thesaurum noctanter portari fecit apud Turrim Londonie, ubi dictus 
Haginus tunc temporis moram fecit, et ibidem inter eos fuit partitus ; 
et de toto predicto thesauro Dominus Eex de jure debuit habuisse 
terciam partem per mortem predicti Cok'. Unde super morte dicti 
Manseri, filii Cok', facta est inquisicio, sed de thesauro predicti Cok' 
nichil factum est, propter dominium dicti Hagini, usque adventum 
Domini Eegis in Anglia ; videlicet, per Benedictum de Wintonia, 
Aaron Potago, Gamaliel de Oxonia, Isaac de Warrewico, Isaac le 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1273 73 

Be it had in remembrance, that the underwritten writ issued for 
the Christian Chirographers of London : — Edward etc. to the Mayor 
and Sheriffs of London greeting : — Whereas by the ancient ordinances 
and franchises granted, confirmed, and hitherto observed by our 
predecessors, Kings of England, to and for the servants and all 
officers in our Exchequer of the Jews, the same servants and other 
officers are quit of the render of talliage ; We command you, that 
you suffer John Skip and Eobert Hayrun to be quit of talliage, so 
long as they be in that office, and that you discharge any distress, 
which you may have made upon them on occasion thereof. 

Whereas the Justices were informed, that Cok, son of Aaron, Jew, 
slain, had three sons and heirs, between whom by inheritance all his 
goods were divisible, and one of them, Manser, to wit, by name, died 
within two or three years after the death of the said Cok ; for which 
cause, of right and according to the Assize and Custom of Jewry, the 
King should have had the third part of the goods which concerned them ; 
and Ha.gin, son of Master Moses, being under oath to the King faith- 
fully to assist the King's Justices in the Exchequer of the Jews by 
his advice and in setting forth the King's rights, 1 and being the 
guardian of the said Manser, did wickedly and falsely against his 
oath conceal the death of the said Manser, and thereafter caused the 
chattels of the deceased, which concerned the King, to be divided 
between the two surviving brothers of the said deceased, and caused one 
brother to marry his, Hagin's, daughter, and gave the other brother to 
Aaron Crespin, to marry his daughter, and did so give him to the said 
Aaron, because the said Aaron, after the said Cok was slain, came by 
night with Christians and Jews, and entered a curtilage adjoining the 
said Cok's house, where the said Cok's treasure was concealed, and 
there took £1,000 worth of gold and silver, gold and silver cups, 
rings, girdles, and pieces of gold, and caused the said treasure to be 
carried by night to the Tower of London, where the said Hagin then 
resided, and there the treasure was divided between them ; of all 
which said treasure the King ought by right to have had the third 
part by reason of the said Cok's death. Wherefore inquest is had on 
the death of the said Manser, son of Cok, but touching the treasure 
of the said Cok nothing is done, by reason of the lordship of the said 
Hagin, until our Lord the King be in England. The inquest is 
by Benedict of Winchester, Aaron Potago, Gamaliel of Oxford, Isaac 

1 The accused was no other than the Chief Rabbi. 



74 SOACCAEIUM JUDEOEUM 

Evesk', Diei le Evesk', Vives, filium Abrahe, Aaron de La Eye, 
Magistrum Samuelem, de Lohun, Aaron, filium Salle, Deudone de 
Wintonia, et Diei, filium Abrahe, juratores. De quibus Benedictus 
de Wintonia, juratus per se, dicit, quod Cok', filius Aaron, die quo 
interfectus fuit, scilicet, circa Mediam Quadragesimam anno Begis 
Henrici xlviij , habuit iij filios, scilicet, Benedictum, filium Cok', qui 
desponsavit filiam predicti Hagini, et Abraham, filium Cok', qui 
desponsavit filiam Aaron Crespin, et tercium filium, cujus nomen fuit 
Manserus, et fuit etatis circiter unius quarterii anni unius quando 
predictus Cok' obiit. Et idem filius fuit ad domum cujusdam 
burgensis, nomine Henrici ; et postea idem filius in autumpno 
sequente missus fuit ad partes transmarinas in societate Magistri 
Mossei, Vives, filii Mossei, Aaron Potage, 1 Gamaliel de Oxonia et 
aliorum Judeorum, qui tunc transfretaverunt, et fuit cum quibus- 
dam Judeis ibidem per unum annum ; et tunc dictus Magister 
Mosseus et alii Judei redierunt ad Angliam, et predictus puer moram 
fecit postea in partibus transmarinis per dimidium annum. Et 
postea quidam Willelmus de Mortimer, de Istelworth, per predictum 
Haginum, filium Magistri Mossei, cum brevibus Domini Begis ivit ad 
querendum predictum puerum, et ipsum duxit in Angliam ; et post- 
quam idem puer venit in Angliam obiit apud Cantuariam. 

Aaron Potage, juratus, dicit, et in omnibus concordat cum predicto 
Benedicto, preter quod nescit, utrum Willelmus de Mortimer ivit ultra 
mare pro predicto puero, necne ; set bene scit, quod predictus puer 
in societate sua transfretavit mare, et postea rediit. 

Gamaliel de Oxonia dicit, quod dictus Cok' non habuit nisi duos 
filios, qui modo sunt superstates, videlicet, Benedictum et Abraham. 

Isaac de Warrewico dicit, quod dictus Cok' non habuit nisi duos 
filios, et concordat cum Gamaliel in omnibus. 

Isaac le Evesk' dicit, quod predictus Cok' habuit iij filios, et in 
omnibus concordat cum predictis Benedicto et Aaron ; et dicit, quod 
tercius filius obiit, ut intelligit, apud Cantuariam, et fuit baptizatus, 
ut credit, et fuit circiter iij annorum quando obiit ; et dicit, quod 
dictus Willelmus de Mortimer, de Istelworth, habuit x m. quando 
transfretavit ad querendum predictum puerum. 

Diei le Evesk' dicit, quod predictus Cok habuit iij filios, et 
concordat cum Isaac le Evesk', preter hoc, quod nescit, si fuit 



This name is terminated indifferently with an ' o ' or an ' e. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1273 74 

of Warwick, Isaac le Eveske, Diaia le Eveske, Vives, son of Abraham, 
Aaron of Eye,' Master Samuel, of Lohun, 2 Aaron, son of Salle, 
Deudone 3 of Winchester, and Diaia, son of Abraham, jurors. Of 
whom Benedict of Winchester, sworn by himself, testifies, that on the 
day when Cok, son of Aaron, was slain, to wit, about Mid-Lent in the 
48th year of the reign of King Henry, the said Cok had three sons, 
to wit, Benedict, son of Cok, who married the said Hagin's daughter, 
and Abraham, son of Cok, who married Aaron Crespin's daughter, 
and a third son, whose name was Manser, and whose age was about 
a quarter of a year when the said Cok died. And the said son was 
at the house of a burgess named Henry; and afterwards in the following 
autumn he was sent oversea in the company of Master Moses, Vives, 
son of Moses, Aaron Potage, Gamaliel of Oxford, and other Jews, 
who then went oversea, and he was there with certain Jews for the 
space of a year ; and then the said Master Moses and other Jews 
returned to England, but the said boy remained oversea for another 
half-year. And afterwards one William de Mortimer, of Isleworth, 
was sent by the said Hagin, son of Master Moses, with the King's 
writs to seek the said boy, and brought him to England ; and after 
his arrival in England the said boy died at Canterbury. 

Aaron Potage is sworn and testifies, and in all matters agrees 
with the said Benedict, except that he knows not, whether William 
de Mortimer went oversea to seek the said boy, or no ; but he is 
sure, that the said boy went oversea in his, Aaron's, company, and 
afterwards returned. 

Gamaliel of Oxford testifies, that the said Cok had but two sons, 
who are now living, to wit, Benedict and Abraham. 

Isaac of Warwick testifies, that the said Cok had but two sons, and 
agrees with Gamaliel in all matters. 

Isaac le Eveske testifies, that the said Cok had three sons, and in 
all matters agrees with the said Benedict and Aaron ; and testifies, 
that the third son died, as he is informed, at Canterbury, and was 
baptized, as he believes, and was about three years old when he died ; 
and he testifies, that the said William de Mortimer, of Isleworth, had 
10 marks when he went oversea to seek the said boy. 

Diaia le Eveske testifies, that the said Cok had three sons, and 
agrees with Isaac le Eveske, except that he knows not, whether he 

1 Cf. Cal. Close Rolls (Rolls Ser.), Ed. I. Norfolk. Cf. Cal. Close Rolls, Ed. I. 1272- 
1272-9, Index, ' Rye ; ' and Hebrew Deeds 9, Index, ' Lonn.' 

of English Jews before 1290, ed. Davis, p. 3 Dieudonne, of which the Hebrew 

349. original may be either ^JJ13 (Nathanael) 

2 Frequently spelt Loun. Perhaps Lynn, or p n ^ (Elchanan). A.-J.H.E.P. i. 262. 



dorso, 

Cantebr. 



76 SOACOARIUM JUDEORUM 

Cantuariam predictus puer postea obiit, ita quod die obitus sui fuit 
etatis circiter iij annorum efc unius quartern unius anni. 

Unde super hoc loquendum est cum Domino Eege et ejus Con- 
silio, quia recognitum est per inquisicionem predictam, quod predictus 
Manserus, filius dicti Cok', defunctus ; qui de jure et secundum Con- 
suetudinem Judeorum habuit terciam partem omnium catallorum 
dicti Cok', patris sui ; et nullus post mortem ipsius Manseri seque- 
batur ad faciendum finem pro predictis catallis, nee ad monstrandum 
Regi partem suam ; set omnia predicta catalla, tarn ad Kegem 
spectantia quam alia, remanent predicto Hagino, filio Magistri Mossei, 
et predicto Benedicto et Abraham, filiis dicti Cok', prout bene constat 
etc. 



DE TERMINO S. TRINITATIS. 

not. 13, m. 9, Memorandum, quod, cum in anno regni Regis Henrici lprimo, 
tempore turbacionis habite in regno, quo inimici Regis fuerunt in 
Insula Eliensi, iidem inimici venerunt apud Cantebrigiam, et Archam 
Cirographorum Cantebrigie ibidem existentem, cum diversis cartis 
Judeorum, asportaverunt usque Insulam Eliensem, et postea, in anno 
regni Regis Edwardi primo, factum fuit scrutinium de catallis Judeo- 
rum in Arch a Cirographorum Cantebrigie existentibus per Robertum 
de Ludham, Justiciarium etc., et in eadem Archa invente fuerunt 
diverse carte confecte antequam predicta Archa depredata fuit in 
anno etc. lj°, et acte cartarum predictarum prius facte fuerunt, vide- 
licet, .' Per quod preceptum fuit Cirographariis, quod haberent 

coram Justiciariis in crastino S. Margarete brevia Regis de waranto, si 
qua habuerint, de predictis cartis retinendis vel reponendis in Archa. 
Ad quern diem Cirographarii venerunt et protulerunt duo brevia 
Domini Regis Henrici in hec verba : — Henricus, Dei gratia etc., Ciro- 
graphariis, Christianis et Judeis, Arche Cirographorum Cantebrigie, 
salutem : — Precipimus vobis, quod omnes cartas quas Exheredati 
dudum in Insula Eliensi existentes detulerunt a villa nostra Cante- 
brigie in Archa Cirographorum nostrorum, tempore turbacionis 
regni nostri, in Insulam predictam, in quorumcumque manibus illas 
invenire poteritis, recipiatis et in Archa Cirographorum nostrorum 
Cantabrigie ponatis, si vobis constare poterit, quod predicte carte 



A long list of debts follows. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1273 76 

and the said boy afterwards died at Canterbury, and his age on the 
day of his death was about three years and a quarter of a year. 

Touching which matter speech must be had of our Lord the King 
and his Council, because it is recognised by the said inquest, that the 
said Manser, son of the said Cok, is dead ; and of right and according 
to the Custom of the Jews he had the third part of all the chattels of 
the said Cok, his father ; and after his, Manser's, death no one 
sued to make fine for the said chattels, and declare to the King his 
third part ; but all the said chattels, as well those which concerned the 
King as the rest, remain in the possession of the said Hagin, son 
of Master Moses, and the said Benedict and Abraham, sons of the 
said Cok, as it is well established etc. 1 



HOLY TRINITY TERM. 

Be it had in remembrance, that, whereas in the fifty-first year of 
the reign of King Henry, the realm being then in a troublous state, 
the enemies of the King, who were in the Isle of Ely, came to Cam- 
bridge, and did carry away the Cambridge Chirograph-Chest there 
being, with divers charters of the Jews, to the Isle of Ely, and after- 
wards, in the first year of the reign of King Edward, a scrutiny of the 
chattels of the Jews in the Cambridge Chirograph-Chest was made by 
Robert de Ludham, Justice etc., and in the said chest there were 
found divers charters made before the seizure of the said Chest in the 
fifty-first year etc., and the dates of the said charters were prior, to 

wit, . Wherefore the Chirographers were commanded to have 

before the Justices on the morrow of St. Margaret the King's warrants, 
if any they have, for the retention of the said charters or their re- 
placement in the Chest. On which day the Chirographers came 
and produced two writs of King Henry to the effect following : — 
Henry, by the grace of God etc., to the Chirographers, Christian and 
Jewish, of the Chirograph-Chest of Cambridge, greeting : — We com- 
mand you, that all the charters which, during the late disorders of 
our realm, were carried from our town of Cambridge in our Chiro- 
graph-Chest to the Isle of Ely by the Disinherited, who were then in 
the said Isle, you recover, in whose hands soever you may be able to 
discover them, and place them in our Chirograph-Chest at Cambridge, 

1 How the Chief Kabbi extricated him- ing situation from which he failed to ex- 
self from this affair does not appear. We tricate himself. See p. 109, infra, 
shall meet with him again in an embarrass- 



ib. in. 10. 
rlorso, 



/ t SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

fuerunt in Archa predicta ante quam fuit delata in Insulam pre- 
dictam per predictos Exheredatos tempore predicto. Teste Eoberto 
de Fulhani, apud Westmonasteriuni, xxiiij die Jan. anno regni nostri 
lij°. Et aliud breve in hec verba : — Henricus etc. Cirographariis etc., 
Cantebrigie, salutem: — Precipimus vobis, quod secundum tenorem. . . . 



Memorandum, quod in septimana Pentecostes Haginus, filius 
Lonri Magistri Mossei, Cok' Hagin, Cok', filius Hagini, Benedictus, filius 

Cok', Benedictus de Lincolnia, et Vives, filius Magistri Mossei, dederunt 
xvijbi;s. Regi xvij biss. pro habendo respectu de tallagio suo super ipsos 
assesso de Termino Pasche anno regni Begis Edwardi primo usque 
ad octabas S. Trinitatis ; et tunc solvent tallagium illud pro porcione 
quemlibet eorum contingente ; et quilibet eorum pro se concessit dare 
Regi xl biss., si porciones suas non solverint ad dictum diem. Ad 
quern diem dicti Judei non solverunt tallagium suum, nee predicta 
bissancia. Ideo dicti Judei dabunt Regi predicta biss. ad que se 
obligaverunt. Solverunt ccxl biss. aurea. 



ib.m. 11. Summa catallorum Saunte, filii Aaron, Judei, mortui, de catallis 

Lond. Stamf . . , 

infra Archam Cirographorum existentibus, xxvj 1. iij s. iiij d., de claro 
post puramentum factum per Fluriam, que fuit uxor Saunte predicti; 
unde tercia pars Regis est viij 1. xiiij s. v d. ob. Pro qua tercia parte 
Rex tenet se ad unum debitum xij 1. sub nominibus Willelmi de Hocolt 
ob'Lv*' 1 ' et dicti Saunte, quod apuratum est ad viij 1. ; et xiiij s. vd. ob. re- 
Rec'Reg'. siduos solvit in denariis in Recepta Regis. Et preceptum est Ciro- 
graphariis, quod de residuis cartis liberam hide permittant habere 
administracionem, et quod babeant predictam cartam xij 1. coram etc. 
in octabis S. Michaelis, ad ponendum in Thesauro ad opus Regis. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 127.-, < / 

if you may be satisfied, that the said charters were in the said Chest 
before it was carried into the said Isle by the said Disinherited at the 
time aforesaid. Witness Eobert de Fulham, at Westminster, on the 
twenty-fourth day of January in the fifty-second year of our reign. 
And another writ to the effect following :— Henry etc. to the Chiro- 
graphers etc., of Cambridge, greeting : — We command you, that accord- 
ing to the tenor l 

Lotion. Be it had in remembrance, that in the week of Pentecost Hagin, son 

of Master Moses, Cok Hagin, Cok, son of Hagin, Benedict, son of Cok, 
Benedict of Lincoln, and Vives, son of Master Moses, gave the King 
17 bezants, that their talliage assessed upon them for Easter Term in 
the first year of the reign of King Edward may be respited until the 
octave of Holy Trinity ; when they will severally pay the talliage, 
each discharging the portion resting upon him ; and each for himself 
agreed to give the King 40 bezants, if they should make default in 
payment of their several portions on the said day. On which day 
the said Jews paid neither their talliage nor the said bezants. So 
the said Jews will give the King the said bezants to which they bound 
themselves. They paid 240 gold bezants. 



London. 

Stamf. 



Sum of the chattels of Saunta, son of Aaron, Jew, deceased, 
on account of chattels within the Chirograph-Chest, £26 3s. 4d., 
clear after liquidation made by Fluria, wife that was of the said 
Saunta ; whereof the King's third part is £8 14s. 5^d. In regard 
of which third part the King has recourse to a debt of £12 under the 
names of William de Hocolt and the said Saunta, which is liquidated 
at £8 ; and the balance, 14s. 5k/., she paid in coin in the Keceipt of 
the King. And the Chirographers are commanded to suffer her to 
have free administration of the residue of the charters, and they are 
to have the said charter for £12 before etc. on the octave of St. Michael, 
that it may be placed in the Treasury to the use of the King. 



The battle of Evesham was followed at held out in the Isle of Ely and were known 

no long interval by a proscription of the as the Exheredati or Disinherited. Ann. 

leaders of the baronial party. Most of Monast. (Rolls Ser.) iii. 243. 
them submitted ; but the more determined 



78 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 



DE MENSE ET IN CBASTINO ANIMABUM ANNO PKIMO 
INCIPIENTE SECUNDO. 

Rot. is, m. Eobertus de Bradefeud appellat Hak' Poleyn, Judeum. 

iima. ' Per breve Domini Begis directum Johanni de Cobham in hec 

verba : — Edwardus etc. dilecto et fideli suo, Johanni de Cobham, Justi- 
ciario suo ad gaolam de Neugate deliberandam assignato, salutem : — 
Cum ex antiqua consuetudine et concessione predecessorum nostrorum, 
Piegum Anglie, Judeis nostris hactenus concessa et confirmata, iidem 
Judei placitare non debeant aut implacitari, appellare vel appellari, 
nisi coram Justiciariis nostris ad custodiam Judeorum assignatis, ac 
Eobertus de Bradefeud per appellum factum coram vobis, de una 
roba ei depredata, erga quendam Christianum, qui Hak' Poleyn, 
Judeum, Londonie, de eadem roba vocat ad warantum, fuerit pro- 
secutus, ut accepimus ; vobis mandamus, quod si hujusmodi ap- 
pellum coram vobis factum fuerit, tunc illud, cum processu et omnibus 
aliis idem appellum tangentibus, mittatis coram prefatis Justiciariis 
nostris apud Westmonasterium die Mercurii proxima post festum 
S. Martini, sub sigillo vestro, ibidem secundum Legem Regni nostri 
et Assisam et Consuetudinem : terminandum, et scire faciatis omnibus 
appellum illud tangentibus, quod tunc sint ibi, si sibi videbitur ex- 
pedire, plenam justiciam super hiis recepturi, et habeatis ibi hoc 
breve. Teste H. Hauteyn apud Westmonasterium xiij die Novembris 
anno regni nostri primo. 



DE TEEMINO S. TRINITATIS ANNO SECUNDO. 

Rot. i6, Giva, que fuit uxor Sadekini, filii Yives, et Bonenfaunt de Kancia 

North. " " habuerunt hunc diem ad respondendum Eegi de xx 1. quas habuerunt 
de catallis dicti Sadekini, Judei, mortui et intestati, prout continetur in 
Memorandis de Termino S. Trinitatis anno Eegis Edwardi primo, et 
postea in Termino S. Michaelis, et postea in Termino S. Hillarii 
proximo preterito. Ad quern diem predicta Giva venit et dicit, quod 
nichil habuit de bonis vel catallis dicti viri sui post mortem ejus, et 
dicit, quod non obiit intestatus, set dicit, quod doniina Eegina Anglie 
dedit eidem Give c s. de gratia sua ; et de premissis ponit se super 
patriam. Et predictus Bonenfaunt similiter ponit se super patriam, 



Supply ' Judaismi. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1273-4 78 

THE MONTH AND MOEROW OF ALL SOULS IN THE FIRST 
AND THE BEGINNING OF THE SECOND YEAR. [a.d. 1273-4.] 

London. Robert of Bradfield appeals Hak Poleyn, Jew. 

By writ of our Lord the King addressed to John de Cobham to 
the effect following : — Edward etc. to his dear liege, John de Cobharn, 
assigned his Justice for the delivery of Newgate Gaol, greeting: — 
Whereas, by ancient custom and concession of our predecessors, Kings 
of England, to our Jews hitherto granted and confirmed, the said Jews 
are not to plead or be impleaded, to appeal or be appealed, except 
before our Justices assigned to the custody of the Jews, and Robert of 
Bradfield by appeal made before you, touching a robe stolen from him, 
has proceeded against a certain Christian, who vouches Hak Poleyn, 
Jew, of London, to warranty of the said robe, as We have heard ; now 
We command you, if such an appeal be made before you, that, with the 
process and all other matters touching the same appeal, you send it 
before our said Justices at Westminster on the Wednesday next after 
the feast of St. Martin, under your seal, there to be determined accord- 
ing to the Law of our Realm and the Assize and Custom of Jewry, and 
that you do all who are concerned with the appeal to wit, that they 
then be there, if it shall seem convenient to them, to receive full justice 
thereof, and that you have there this writ. Witness Hamo Hauteyn at 
Westminster on the 13th day of November in the first year of our reign. 



HOLY TRINITY TERM IN THE SECOND YEAR. [a.d. 1274.] 

Giva, wife that was of Sadekin, son of Vives, and Bonenfaunt of Kent 
had this day to answer the King touching £20 which they had of the 
chattels of the said Sadekin, Jew, deceased intestate, as is recorded in the 
Memoranda of Holy Trinity Term in the first year of King Edward, and 
afterwards in Michaelmas Term, and afterwards in Hilary Term last 
past. On which day comes the said Giva and says, that she had nothing 
of the goods or chattels of her said husband after his death, and that 
he did not die intestate, but she says, that the Queen of England l gave 
her, Giva, 100s. of her grace ; and touching the premises she puts 
herself upon the country. And the said Bonenfaunt likewise puts 
himself upon the country, alleging, that he had nought of the goods 

1 I.e. the Queen-Mother. Cf. p. 88, infra. 



79 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

quod nichil habuit de bonis vel catallis predicti Sadekini post niortem 
suam ; set dicit, quod eadem Giva dedit cum filia sua in maritagio 
quandam pecunie summain, Ideo preceptum est Vicecomiti North- 
amtescire, quod non omittat, propter Libertatern Northainptone, quin 
earn etc., et venire faciat coram etc., a die S. Michaelis in unurn men- 
sem, xij Christian os et vj Judeos ; et Vicecomiti Bedfordscire, quod 
venire faciat vj Judeos Bedford ; et Constabulario Turris Londonie, vj 
Judeos Londonie ; et Vicecomiti Oxon', vj Judeos Oxonie, ad recogno- 
scendum etc. Et Benedictus le Evesk', Isaac le Evesk' de Berkharn- 
sted, Judei, Londonie, et Pictavinus Notingham' manuceperunt pre- 
dictam Judeam ad predictum diem. Et Benedictus de Wintonia 
manucepit ad hunc diem predictum Bonenfaunt. Ad quem diem 
venit inquisicio, sicut patet inter Memoranda de Termino Michaelis 
proximo sequente. 



Rot i6, Summa catallorum Vives, filii Magistri Mossei, Judei, mortui, tarn 

Loud.' ' mobilium quam inmobilium, et tam infra Archam Cirographorum 
quam extra, cix 1. ij s. iiij d. ; unde tercia pars Begis est xxxvj 1. vij s. 
vd. ; unde Bex tenet se ad unum debitum xlm. sub nominibus Bogeri 
de Pathesworth et ipsius Vives, ad unum debitum iiij nr 1. sub nomi- 
nibus Thome Malemeyns et dicti Vives, et ad unum debitum xxviij 1. 
sub nominibus Johannis de Fulney et Abrahe, filii Muriel, in quo 
debito predictus Vives habuit xx 1., et residuum, scilicet, viij 1. et x s., 
sunt Begis. Et eciam, de predictis xxl., Bex capit se ad cxiiij s. j d. 
ad performandum terciam partem Begem contingentem, ita quod, si 
Bex nonpossit de predicto debito xx 1. levare predictos cxiiij s. j d. citra 
tres septimanas S. Michaelis, quod Bex illos recipiat de debito in quo 
Petrus de Malo Lacu tenebatur dicto Vives. Et preter hoc Bex cepit 
in manum suam pro xxl. vij et xs. iiij d., quos dictus Vives debuit 
Begi, tam de arreragiis de tallagio quam de aliis debitis et amercia- 
mentis, prout continetur in rotulis Tallagiorum et Amerciamentorum, 
unum debitum xx 1. sub nominibus Johannis de Pathesworth et dicti 
Vives, et unum debitum xl m. sub nominibus eorumdem Johannis et 
Vives, que quidem duo debita apurantur ad xx 1. per Anteram, que 
fuit uxor dicti Vives. Et residuum predictorum catallorum, tam 
mobilium quam inmobilium, liberantur predicte Antere, et per sic 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1274 79 

or chattels of the said Sadekin after his death ; but he says, that 
the said Giva gave with her daughter in marriage a certain sum of 
money. So the Sheriff of Northamptonshire is commanded, that he 
omit not, by reason of the Liberty of Northampton, to enter etc., and 
to cause to come before etc., a month after Michaelmas, 12 Christians 
and 6 Jews ; and the Sheriff of Bedfordshire is commanded, that he 
cause to come 6 Jews of Bedford ; and the Constable of the Tower 
of London, that he cause to come 6 Jews of London ; and the 
Sheriff of Oxfordshire, that he cause to come 6 Jews of Oxford, to 
recognise etc. And Benedict le Eveske, Isaac le Eveske of Berk- 
hamsted, Jews, of London, and Pictavin of Nottingham mainperned 
the said Jewess for the said day. And Benedict of Winchester 
mainperned for the day the said Bonenfaunt. On which day the 
inquest came, as appears among the Memoranda of Michaelmas Term 
next following. 

Sum of the chattels of Vives, 1 son of Master Moses, Jew, deceased, 
as well movable as immovable, and as well within the Chirograph- 
Chest as without it, £109 2s. <±d. ; whereof the King's third part is 
£36 7s. 5d. ; in regard of which the King has recourse to a debt of 
40 marks under the names of Boger de Petworth and the deceased 
Vives, to a debt of £4 under the names of Thomas Malemeyns and 
the said Vives, and to a debt of £28 under the names of John de 
Fulney and Abraham, son of Muriel, in which debt the said Vives had 
to his credit £20, and the residue, to wit, £8 10s., belongs to the 
King. And also, touching the said £20, the King has recourse to 
114s. Id. to make good the third part falling to the King, provided 
that, if the King be not able to raise the said 114s. Id. of the said 
debt of £20 before Michaelmas three weeks, the King may recover 
them out of the debt in which Peter de Maulay was bound to the 
said Vives. And further, for a debt of £20 17s. 4d., which the said 
Vives owed the King, on account as well of arrears of talliage as of 
other debts and amercements, as is recorded in the rolls of Talliages 
and Amercements, the King took into his hand a debt of £20 under 
the names of John de Petworth and the said Vives, and a debt of 
40 marks under the names of the said John and Vives, which two 
debts are licmidated at £20 by Antera, wife that was of the said Vives. 
And the residue of the said chattels, as well movable as immov- 

1 Vives is said to be the French equivalent Moses, was a different person from Hagin, 

of Hagin, which in its turn represents the son of Master Moses, who died at a later 

Hebrew D^n (chaim, life). A.-J.H.E.P. i. date. 
48, 268. Nevertheless, Vives, son of Master 



80 SCACCAEIUM JUDEORUM 

preclicta Antera clat Eegi x biss., que solvit in Eecepta Regis, sicut patet 
in rotulis Bissanciorum. Et preceptum est Constabulariis, quod de 
denariis et redditibus que fuerunt dicti Vives liberam permittant 
ipsam Anteram habere administracionem, et Cirographariis, quod de 
residuis cartis liberarn permittant habere administracionem, et pre- 
dictas cartas, que sunt Eegis, habeant coram etc. a die S. Johannis 
Baptiste in tres septimanas, Justiciariis liberandas, ad ponendum in 
Thesauro Eegis. Ad quern diem predicti Cirographarii venerunt et 
protulerunt cartas predictas, quas Eex habet pro tercia parte sua, pro 
debito et tallagio suo, et ponuntur in Thesauro Eegis. 



Aaron, Alius Vives, recognovit per starrum suum, quod remisit et 
concessit Johanni de Pycheford, militi, tot urn jus et clamium et 
calumpniam que habuit, vel habere potuit, in tribus debitis subscriptis ; 
videlicet, unum debitum de dc 1. sub nominibus Willelmi de Evereus 
et ejusdem Aaron, et aliud debitum, de c 1. per vj m. de mortuo vadio 
per annum, sub nominibus eorum, et aliud debitum, de xx 1., sub 
eisdem nominibus ; uncle partes ceree in Archa Cirographorum 
Londonie die quo istud starrum factum fuit. Totum jus et clamium 
seu calumpniam que habuit, vel habere potuit, in predictis tribus 
debitis predictus Aaron concessit et remisit predicto Johanni cum 
debitis factis secundum Legem et Consuetudinem Judaismi, et que 
nunc existunt, die quo istud starrum factum fuit, in Archa Cirogra- 
phorum predictorum ; ita quod amodo predictus Johannes habeat 
plenam potestatem et vim et factum, ut predictus Aaron, ad dictam 
pecuniam predictorum debitorum levandam de manerio de Lynehales 
secundum Legem et Consuetudinem Judaismi, tali condicione quod 
dictus Johannes, nee aliquis nomine suo nee per ipsum, boscum 
suum pessum dabit, nee domum prosternet, nee aliquod aliud vastum 
faciet contra Consuetudinem Judaismi ; et quandocumque dictus 
Johannes voluerit impetrare breve Domini Eegis ad dicta debita 
levanda super dictum manerium secundum Consuetudinem et Legem 
Judaismi, predictus Aaron tenetur predictum breve impetrare sump- 
tibus dicti Johannis, vel heredis, vel aliorum. Similiter recognovit 
idem Aaron et concessit eidem Johanni, quod nee fecit aliquod starrum 
de quieta clamancia de predictis debitis, de parte nee de toto, nee 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1274 80 

able, are delivered to the said Antera, and therefor the said Antera 
gives the King 10 bezants, which she paid in the Keceipt of the King, 
as appears in the rolls of the Bezants. And the Constables are com- 
manded to suffer the said Antera to have free administration of the 
moneys and rents which belonged to the said Vives, and the Chiro- 
graphers are commanded to suffer her to have free administration of 
the residue of the charters, and that they have the said charters, which 
belong to the King, before etc. on St. John the Baptist's day three 
weeks, to be delivered to the Justices, that they may be placed in the 
King's Treasury. On which day the said Chirographers came and 
produced the said charters, which the King has for his third part and 
for the debt and talliage owing to him, and they are placed in the 
King's Treasury. 

Aaron, son of Vives, acknowledged by his starr, that he has made 
over and granted to John de Pycheford, 1 knight, all the right, claim, 
and cause of action which he had, or might have, in the three debts 
underwritten ; to wit, a debt of £600 under the names of William 
Devereux and the said Aaron, and another debt, of £100 upon a 
mortgage under their names of the yearly value of 6 marks, and 
another debt, of £20, under the same names ; the sealed parts of the 
chirographs being in the London Chirograph-Chest at the date of the 
making of this starr. All the right and claim or cause of action which 
he had, or might have, in the said three debts the said Aaron has 
granted and made over to the said John with the debts made 
according to the Law and Custom of Jewry, and which are now, at 
the date of the making of this starr, in the said Chirograph-Chest ; 
that forthwith the said John may have full power, no less in force and 
effect than the said Aaron had, to raise the said money of the said 
debts upon the manor of Lynehales 2 according to the Law and 
Custom of Jewry, on condition that neither the said John nor any in 
his name or on his behalf shall damage the wood, or pull down the 
house, or do any other waste against the Custom of Jewry ; and 
whensoever the said John shall be minded to sue out a writ of our 
Lord the King to levy the said debts upon the said manor according 
to the Custom and Law of Jewry, the said Aaron is bound to sue out 
the said writ at the expense of the said John, or his heir, or others. 
The said Aaron likewise acknowledged and granted to the said John, 
that he has neither made any starr of quitclaim of the said debts, 

1 See Eyton, Shropshire, vi. 267. (Eec. Comm.) i. 256. Cf. Duncumb, County 

2 In Herefordshire. Cal. Inq. post Mort. of Hereford, ed. Cooke, iii. 105. 



Rot. 17, 
m. 1, dorso. 
Line. 
Stamf. 



81 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

aliquid recepit de predictis debitis, nee percipiet, nee amodo aliqnod 
starrum faciet de predictis debitis, sine licencia predicti Johannis ; et 
quandocuraque predictus Johannes voluerit, quod pvedictus Aaron 
acquietet predictum Willelmum de predictis debitis, statim postquam 
istud starrum fuerit liberatum predicto Aaron, et quod licencia, quam 
dictus Johannes dabit predicto Aaron ad quietanciam faciendam 
predicto Willelmo, irrotulata in rotulis de Scaccario Judaismi, tunc 
tenetur predictus Aaron ad acquietandum predictum Willelmum 
de omnibus debitis predictis sine contradiccione seu dilacione ali- 
quorum, Christianorum vel Judeorum. Et quia predictus Aaron 
habuit licenciam Domini Eegis per cartam suam concedere vel 
dimittere debita sua quibuscumque voluerit, predictus Aaron fecit 
predicto Johanni concessionem et remissionem de omnibus debitis 
predictis per licenciam et assensum Domini Eoberti Burnel et Justi- 
ciariorum ad custodiam Judeorum assignatorum, dum tamen partes 
ceree predictorum debitorum existunt in Archa Cirographorum. 
Actum die Martis proxima post festum S. Trinitatis anno regni Eegis 
Edwardi secundo. Preterea, predictus Aaron istud quod recognovit 
spontanea voluntate sua pro se et heredibus suis sigillavit lingua 
Ebraica, quod pro rata tenebit predicto Johanni et heredibus suis. 



DE TEEMINO S. MICHAELIS ANNO SECUNDO INCIPIENTE 

TEECIO. 

Quia datur intelligi Justiciariis, quod Hugo de Tiryntona, qui habet 
unam clavem Arche Cirographorum Staunford', recepit diversas cartas 
absque Johanne Plughman, socio suo Christiano, et eas extra Archam 
contra sacramentum suum et contra Assisam et Consuetudinem 1 
detinuit, et quod Sampson, films Magistri, 2 et Elias de Dene- 
castre, Judei, qui habent ij claves Arche ejusdem, sunt in prisona 
apud Turrim Londonie, ita quod ad officium suum intendere nequeant, 
et dictus Johannes Plughman venit et recognovit officium suum 
coram Justiciariis, et invenit plegios, quod erit coram etc. in crastino 
S. Andree, videlicet, Eadulfum de Kirkeby, et Pictavinum, filium 
Isaac, ad respondendum Eegi in aliquo delicto in officio suo ; et 
Pictavinus, Alius Isaac, Judeus, venit coram etc., et prestitit sacra- 



Supply ' Judaismi.' - Sic. Perhaps we should supply ' Elie. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1274-5 SI 

either in whole or in part, nor received, nor will get in aught of the 
said debts, nor will henceforth make any starr touching the said debts, 
without license of the said John ; and whensoever the said John shall 
be minded, that the said Aaron acquit the said William of the said 
debts, as soon as this starr shall have been delivered to the said Aaron, 
and the license, which the said John shall give the said Aaron to make 
the quittance to the said William, shall have been enrolled in the rolls 
of the Exchequer of Jewry, then the said Aaron is bound to acquit the 
said William of all the said debts, in such manner that there be 
neither dispute nor demur on the part of any, whether Christians 
or Jews. And whereas the said Aaron had license of the King, 1 that 
by his charter he may grant or demise his debts to whomsoever he 
will, the said Aaron has granted and made over to the said John 
all the said debts by license and with the assent of Sir Eobert Burnell 2 
and the Justices assigned to the custody of the Jews, provided the 
sealed parts of the chirographs of the said debts are in the Chirograph- 
Chest. Done on the Tuesday next after the feast of Holy Trinity in 
the second year of the reign of King Edward. Furthermore, the said 
Aaron for himself and his heirs sealed and in the Hebrew tongue 
subscribed what of his own accord he acknowledged, that he will hold 
it good to the said John and his heirs. 



MICHAELMAS TERM IN THE SECOND AND THE 
BEGINNING OF THE THIRD YEAR. [a.d. 1274-5.] 

Whereas it is notified to the Justices, that Hugh de Torrington, who 
has one of the keys of the Chirograph-Chest of Stamford, received 
divers charters without the concurrence of his Christian colleague, 
John Ploughman, and kept them outside the Chest against his oath 
and the Assize and Custom of Jewry, and that Sampson, son of Master 
Elias (?), and Elias of Doncaster, Jews, who have two keys of the same 
Chest, are in prison in the Tower of London, so that they are unable 
to exercise their office, and the said John Ploughman came and 
acknowledged his office before the Justices, and found pledges, to wit, 
Ralph de Kirkby and Pictavin, son of Isaac, that he will be before 
the Justices on the morrow of St. Andrew to answer the King in the 
matter of any breach of his official duty ; and Pictavin, son of Isaac, 
Jew, came before etc., and made oath, that he will bear himself 

1 Cf. p. 63 supra. Henry's grant to Frince the Great Seal on 21 September following. 
Edmund had been confirmed by Edward I. His concurrence was doubtless deemed 
Hot. Lit. Claus. 4 Ed. I. m. 17. necessary to authenticate the license. 

- The Chancellor-designate. He received 

m 2 



82 



SOACCAKIUM JUDEOHOI 



nientuin, quod fideliter se habebit in officio predicto loco unius ex 
dictis Judeis, et invenit plegios, videlicet, Cresse, filium Magistri Elie, 
Jaeobum Le Clerk, Isaac le Evesk', Samuelem de Staunford ; ideo 
preceptum est Yicecomiti Lincoln', quod ipsum Pictavinum loco dicti 
Sampsonis admittat, et duos Christianos et unum alium Judeuni 
eligi faciat loco predictorum Hugonis et Johannis et Elie, et scire 
faciat nomina eorum et plegios eorurn etc. ad predicturn diein, et 
quod attachiari faciat predicturn Hugonern, ita quod habeat corpus 
ejus coram etc. ad predicturn diem, ad respondendum etc. Ad quern 
diem predicti Hugo et Johannes venerunt et recognoverunt, quod 
diversas cartas retinuerunt extra Archam per multum tempus con- 
tra Assisam et Consuetudinem Judaismi. Et quia super hoc convicti 
rrisoua.jm. sunt per recognitionem suam propriam, ideo committuntur prisone. 
Postea, concessum est eisdem ad instanciam Thesaurarii, quod de 
predicta transgressione quieti sint per unani marcam, in quibus 
eorum est plegius alter alterius. Et Vicecomes mandat, quod 
Andreas Arketel, Willelmus filius Petri, de Staunford, Christiani, et 
Thomas, filius Aaron, Judeus, electi sunt ad officium predicturn ; et 
quod Isaac Lucas et Eobertus Le Taylur sunt plegii dicti Andree, et 
quod Willelmus Le Noreis et Johannes Le Noble sunt plegii Willelmi 
filii Petri, et quod Mosseus, filius Salamonis, et Elias, filius Manseri, 
sunt plegii Thome, filii Aaron, quod fideliter se habebunt in officio 
predicto etc. 



ili. m. 1. 
Essex. 



Memorandum, quod Joceus Bundy, de Ptelega, recognovit coram 
etc., quod jamdiu manens existit apud Eeylegham sine waranto vel 
licencia Piegis. Ideo preceptum est Yicecomiti Essexe, quod non 
omittat, propter Libertatem de Piocheford, quin earn etc., et omnia bona 
et catalla predicti Jocei in manum Piegis capiat, et ea vendi faciat, ita 
quod valorem eorundem habeat coram etc. in octabis S. Hillarii, tan- 
quam forisfacta. Et dictus Joceus debet respondere Eegi de hoc, 
quod pecuniam suam per albas tallias mutuo tradidit Christianis. Et 
committitur prisone. Postea traditus fuit Benedicto de Wintonia et 
Cok' Hagin, Judeis, ita quod ipsum haberent coram etc. die S. Andree. 
Ad quern diem dictus Judeus fugit in partibus Essexe ad elongandum 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.T). 1274-5 82 

faithfully in the said office in place of one of the said Jews, and 
found pledges, to wit, Cresse, son of Master Elias, Jacob Le Clerk, 
Isaac le Eveske, Samuel of Stamford ; therefore the Sheriff of 
Lincolnshire is commanded, that he admit him, Pictavin, in place of 
the said Sampson, and that he cause two Christians and another Jew 
to be elected in place of the said Hugh and John and Elias, and notify 
the names of them and their pledges etc. on the said day, and that he 
cause the said Hugh to be attached, so that he have his body before 
etc. on the said day, to answer, etc. On which day the said Hugh and 
John came and acknowledged, that they had kept divers charters 
outside the Chest for a long time against the Assize and Custom of 
Jewry. And whereas they are thereof convict by their own acknow- 
ledgment, therefore they are committed to prison. Afterwards, at the 
instance of the Treasurer, it is granted them, that they be quit of the 
said trespass on payment of a mark, and that either be pledge for the 
other. And the Sheriff sends word, that Andrew Arketel, and William 
EitzPeter, of Stamford, Christians, and Thomas, son of Aaron, Jew, 
are elected to the said office; and that Isaac Luke and Eobert Taylor 
are pledges for the said Andrew, and that William Le Noreys and John 
Le Noble are pledges for William FitzPeter, and that Moses, son of 
Solomon, and Elias, son of Manser, are pledges for Thomas, son of 
Aaron, that they will bear themselves faithfully in the said office etc. 



Be it had in remembrance, that Joce Bundy, of Bayleigh, acknow- 
ledged before etc., that for a long time past he has dwelt at Bayleigh 
without warrant or license of the King. Therefore the Sheriff of 
Essex is commanded, that he omit not, by reason of the Liberty of 
Bochford, to enter etc., and take all the goods and chattels of the said 
Joce into the King's hand, and cause them to be sold, so that he have, 
their value before etc. on the octave of St. Hilary, as forfeit. And 
the said Joce is to answer the King, for that he lent his money to 
Christians by blank tallies. 1 And he is committed to prison. There- 
after he was delivered to Benedict of Winchester and Cok Hagin, 
Jews, so that they should have him before etc. on St. Andrew's day. 
On which day the said Jew did not come before etc., having made his 
escape, and being in the parts of Essex with intent to remove his 

1 The Jew probably exacted from the amount for which he might choose to notch 

debtor a blank form of receipt endorsed it, it might proleptically be called a white 

upon one of the squared rods of which or blank tally, and would be in fact equi- 

tallies were ordinarily made. As the rod valent to a blank cheque, 
would be convertible into a tally for any 



83 SOACCAKIUM JUDEORUM 

cafcalla sua per districcionern Begis, et non venit coram etc. Ideo 
predicti Benedictus et Cok in rnisericordia. 



ib.m.7. David Le Taylur, Cirographarius Arclie Exonie, Christianas, 

Jacobus Copin, Jacobus Crespin, Cirographarii Arclie ejusdem, 
attachiati ad respondendum Hugoni, filio Boberti Fichet, de placito 
transgressionis et falsitatis, et unde queritur, quod, cum idem 
Bobertus, pater ejus, numquam in aliquo debito teneretur Salamoni, 
filio Salamonis, Judeo, predicti David, Jacobus et Jacobus, una cum 
Bicardo socio eorum, Cirographario, unam car tarn iiij xx 1., falso 
et fraudulenter scriptam per Adam, clericum Arclie predicte, post 
mortem predicti Boberti, patris sui, in Archa predicta posuerunt, ad 
procuracionem ipsius Salamonis, et ad exheredacionem ipsius Hugonis, 
et contra pacem, et ad dampnum suum, c 1. 

Predicti David, Jacobus et Jacobus veniunt et defendunt vim etc. 
Et dictus David dicit, quod nullam cartam hujusmodi nee aliam sub 
nominibus predicti Boberti et dicti Samuelis in Archa posuit ; set 
dicit, quod quandam cartam quam ipsi protulerunt coram Justiciariis 
etc., ut patet superius, quando primo venit in ofnciuni suum invenit in 
Archa predicta, tamquam bonam et legalem in eadem positam per 
socios suos Cirographarios antequam venit in officio illo. Et quod 
numquam talem cartam, nee aliquam aliam sub nominibus predictorum 
Boberti et Samuelis, in Archa predicta posuit, set unam cartam sub 
nominibus eorum in Archa predicta invenit, ponit se super patriam. 

Predictus Hugo dicit, quod predictam cartam falso et fraudulenter 
in Archa predicta posuit, et similiter ponit se super patriam. Ideo 
preceptum est Vicecomiti Devon', ut supra, qui nulla affinitate etc. 
xij Christianos et viij Judeos de Civitate Exonie, ad recognoscendum 
etc., si etc., in crastino S. Andree, et vj de visneto Exonie ; quia tarn 
etc. Et Johannes de Exonia, Bicardus de Oxtona, Johannes de 
Assby et Johannes Floyr manuceperunt dictum David, quod erit ad 
eundem diem. Ad quem diem venit inquisicio per predictos juratores, 
ut patet superius, et per consideracionem predictam predictus David 
recessit inde quietus, ut patet ibidem. 

Et predicti Judei veniunt et dicunt, quod predicta carta, quam 
predicti Cirographarii protulerunt, est factum predicti Boberti, et 
bona est et legalis, et per assensum et voluntatem ipsius Boberti 
secundum Assisam et Consuetudinem Judaismi posita in Archa 
predicta ; et quod non fuit scripta post mortem prefati Boberti, nee in 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1274-5 83 

chattels, so as to avoid the King's distress. So the said Benedict and 
Cok are in mercy. 



David Taylor, Chirographer of the Exeter Chest, Christian, Jacob 
Copin, and Jacob Crespin, Chirographers of the same Chest, are 
attached to answer Hugh, son of Eobert Fitchet, touching a plea of 
trespass and fraud, whereof he complains that, though his father, the 
said Eobert, was never bound to Solomon, son of Solomon, Jew, in 
any debt, the said David, Jacob, and Jacob, with their co-Chirographer 
Eichard, did place in the said Chest a charter for £80, falsely and 
fraudulently written by Adam, clerk of the said Chest, after the death 
of his said father, Eobert, at his, Solomon's, instigation, and to his, 
Hugh's, disherison, and against the peace, and to his damage, £100. 

The said David, Jacob, and Jacob come and defend the force etc. 
And the said David says, that he put no such charter nor any other 
under the names of the said Eobert and Samuel in the Chest ; but he 
says, that a charter which they produced before the Justices etc., as 
appears above, he found in the said Chest when he first came into 
his office, the said charter having been placed there as a good and 
legal charter by his co-Chirographers before he came into that 
office. And that he never put such a charter, or any other under 
the names of the said Eobert and Samuel, in the said Chest, but only 
found a charter under their names in the said Chest, thereof he puts 
himself upon the country. 

The said Hugh says, that he, David, put the said charter in the 
said Chest falsely and fraudulently, and in like manner he puts himself 
upon the country. So the Sheriff of Devon is commanded, as above, 
that he cause to come before etc. twelve Christians and eight Jews of 
the City of Exeter, who by no affinity etc., to recognise etc., if etc., on 
the morrow of St. Andrew, and six of the venue of Exeter ; because 
as well etc. And John of Exeter, Eichard of Oxton, John of Ashby, 
and John Floyr mainperned the said David, that he shall be present 
on the said day. On which day the inquest came by the said jurors, 
as appears above, and by the said judgment the said David went quit 
thereof, as appears in the same place. 

And the said Jews come and say, that the said charter, which the 
said Chirographers produced, is the deed of the said Eobert, and is 
good and legal, and was placed in the said Chest with the consent 
and by the will of him, Eobert, according to the Assize and Custom of 
Jewry ; and that it was not written after the death of the said Eobert, 



84 SOAOCARIUM JUDEORUM 

Archa fraudulenter posita, nee aliqua alia carta in eadern Archa fuit 
sub nominibus existentibus, ponunt se super patriam. 

Et predictus Hugo dicit, quod predicti Judei, una cum predictis 
Cirographariis, sociis suis Christianis, imam cartam quater viginti 
librarum sub nominibus predictorum Eoberti et Salamonis, falso et 
fraudulenter confectam post mortem ipsius Eoberti, in Archa predicta 
posuerunt, unde acta illius carte fuit post mortem ipsius Eoberti; et 
postea eandem cartam extraxerunt, una cum sociis suis predictis, 
ab Archa predicta, et unam aliam, quam coram Justiciariis pro- 
tulerunt, eodem modo falso et fraudulenter confectam, et datam illius 
in eadem positam ac si esset facta ante mortem predicti Eoberti in 
eadem maliciose, ad exheredacionem ipsius Hugonis, posuerunt una 
cum sociis suis predictis ; et de hoc ponit se similiter super patriam. 
Et predicti Judei similiter. Ideo preceptum est Yicecomiti, quod venire 
faciat ad predictum diem xij Christianos et xij Judeos de Civitate 
Exonie, et sex etc. de visneto ejusdem, ad recognoscendum etc., et xij 
etc. de visneto de Oxtona ad predictum diem ; quia tarn etc. Et 
Benedictus de Wintonia, Bonevie de Oxonia, Jacobus Le Clerk, Elias 
de Cornhull', Aaron, filius Vives, et Isaac de Sutwerk' manuceperunt 
predictos Jacobum et Jacobum, quod erunt ad dictum diem. Ad 
quern diem venit inquisicio, et predicti Jacobus et Jacobus per 
inquisicionem illam recesserunt quieti. 



ib.m. 11, Thomas de Tycheseye per attornatum suum optulit se iiij t0 die 

Lond! versus Haginum, filium Magistri Mossei, Judeum, de placito compoti. 

Et predictus Haginus non venit ; et Constabularius Turris Londonie 

mandat, quod dictus Haginus captus est, et detentus in prisona apud 

Windesorani. Judicium, sicut alias, in crastino S. Andree. 



DE TEBMIXO S. HILLAEII ANNO TEECIO. 

Rot.is, m .e. Willelmus de Leyburn optulit se iiij t0 die versus Haginum, filium 
Magistri Mossei, Judeum, de placito transgressionis et falsitatis. Et 
ipse non venit ; et preceptum fuit Constabulario Turris Londonie, quod 
ipsum attachiaret, ita quod haberet corpus ejus coram etc. ad hunc 
diem; et Constabularius mandavit, quod predictus Haginus est in 
prisona, et sine speciali precepto Eegis a prisona non potest recedere. 
Ideo, sicut alias, a die Pasche in v septimanas. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1275 84 

and was not placed in the said Chest fraudulently, and that there 
was no other charter in the said Chest under the names of the 
present parties, thereof they put themselves upon the country. 

And the said Hugh says, that the said Jews, with the said 
Chirographers, their Christian colleagues, placed in the said Chest 
a charter for ^80 under the names of the said Robert and Solomon, 
falsely and fraudulently made after his, Robert's, death, and that it bore 
date after his, Robert's, death ; and that afterwards, with their said 
colleagues, they took out that same charter from the said Chest, and 
therein, with their said colleagues, placed another charter, which they 
produced before the Justices, made likewise falsely and fraudulently, 
and dated as if it had been made before the death of the said Robert ; 
and this they did wickedly, to his, Hugh's, disherison ; and thereof he 
likewise puts himself upon the country. And the said Jews likewise. 
So the Sheriff is commanded, that he cause to come on the said day 
twelve Christians and twelve Jews of the City of Exeter, and six etc. 
of the venue of the same city, to recognise etc., and on the same day 
twelve etc. of the venue of Oxton ; because as well etc. And Benedict 
of Winchester, Bonevie of Oxford, Jacob Le Clerk, Elias of Cornhill, 
Aaron, son of Vives, and Isaac of Southwark mainperned the said 
Jacob and Jacob, that they shall be present on the said day. On 
which day the inquest came, and the said Jacob and Jacob went quit 
by that inquest. 

London. Thomas de Titsey by his attorney offered himself on the fourth 

day against Hagin, son of Master Moses, Jew, touching a plea of 
account. And the said Hagin does not come ; and the Constable 
of the Tower of London sends word, that the said Hagin is under 
arrest, and is kept in prison at Windsor. Judgment, as before, on the 
morrow of St. Andrew. 



HILARY TERM IN THE THIRD YEAR. [a.d. 1275.] 

William de Leyburn offered himself on the fourth day against 
Hagin, son of Master Moses, Jew, touching a plea of trespass and 
fraud. And he did not come ; and the Constable of the Tower of 
London was commanded to attach him, so that he have his body 
before etc. on this day ; and the Constable sent word, that the said 
Hagin is in prison, and cannot quit the prison without special mandate 
of the King. Therefore mandate, as before, for Easter five weeks. 



85 SCAOCARIUM JUDEORUM 

ib. m. 9. Per breve Domini Eegis Justiciariis directum in hec verba : — 

Edwardus, Dei gratia etc., Justiciariis etc. salutem : — Cum per litteras 
nostras patentes concesserimus carissimematri nostre, Alienore, Eegine 
Anglie, quod nullus Judeus habitet vel moretur in quibuscumque villis 
quas ipsa mater nostra habet in dotem ex assignatione Domini Henrici 
Eegis, patris nostri, et nostra, infra regnum nostrum, quamdiu eedem 
ville fuerint in manu ipsius matris nostre ; et propter hoc providerimus, 
quod Judei Merleberg' usque ad villam nostram de Divisiis, Judei 
Gloucestrie usque ad villam nostram de Bristoll', Judei Wigornie 
usque ad villam nostram Herefordie, et Judei Cantebrigie usque ad 
Civitatem nostram Norwici, cum Archis Cirographorum suoram, et 
cum omnibus bonis suis transferantur, in predictis villis et civitate de 
cetero habitent et morentur inter ceteros Judeos nostros ibidem ; 
vobis mandamus, quod predictos Judeos Merleberg', Gloucestrie, 
Wigornie et Cantebrigie ab eisdem villis absque dampna sibi de 
corporibus vel bonis suis inferendo amoveri, et eos se cum Archis 
Cirographorum suorum transferre facialis ad loca supradicta, prout 
securius ad opus nostrum videritis fore faciendum. Teste Me ipso 
apud Clarendonam xvj° die Januarii anno regni nostri tercio. 

Preceptum est Vicecomitibus supradictorum Comitatuum et Con- 
stabulariis, quod Judeos predictos transferri faciant ad loca predicta. 



ib. m. 11. Sabina, que fuit uxor Eoberti Hubert, Agnes de Bertona, et 

Johannes Portehores fuerunt attachiati ad respondendum Eegi de 
diversis bonis et catallis, que fuerunt Sauloti Mutun, que ad manus 
ipsius Regis pervenisse debuerunt post mortem predicti Sauloti, et 
unde Eex exigit a predicta Sabina x libratas, et a predicta Agnete x 1., 
et a predicto Johanne xiiij 1., quas Eegi injuste detinent. Predicti 
Sabina, Agnes, et Johannes veniunt et dicunt, quod Eex injuste ab eis 
exigit predicta catalla, eo quod nichil habent de catallis que umquam 
fuerunt ipsius Sauloti ; set aliquo tempore habuerunt quedam catalla 
in custodia sua, que fuerunt Sauloti predicti, et ea liberaverunt 
Eoberto de Fulham, quondam Justiciario etc., et Aaron, filio Vives, 
Judeo, per preceptum ejusdem Eoberti; et hoc offerunt verificare per 
patriam. Ideo preceptum est Vicecomiti, quod venire faciat coram 
etc. xij Christianos et vj Judeos, ad recognoscendum etc., a die 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1275 85 

By writ of our Lord the King addressed to the Justices to the 
effect following : — Edward, by the grace of God etc., to his Justices 
etc. greeting : — Whereas by our letters patent l We have granted to our 
dearest mother, Eleanor, Queen of England, that no Jew dwell or abide 
in any of the towns which, by assignment of our father, King Henry, 
and Ourself, she, our mother, has for her dower within our realm, so 
long as the same towns shall be in her, our mother's, hand ; and for 
this cause We have provided, that the Jews of Marlborough be deported 
to our town of Devizes, the Jews of Gloucester to our town of Bristol, 
the Jews of Worcester to our town of Hereford, and the Jews of Cam- 
bridge to our City of Norwich, with their Chirograph-Chests and all 
their goods, and that they thenceforth dwell and abide in the said 
towns and city among our other Jews of those places ; We therefore 
command you, that, doing them no injury, either to their persons or 
to their goods, you cause the said Jews of Marlborough, Gloucester, 
Worcester, and Cambridge to be removed from those towns, and to 
betake themselves with their Chirograph-Chests to the places afore- 
said, in such manner as you shall deem that it may most aptly for our 
purpose be done. Witness Myself at Clarendon on the sixteenth day 
of January in the third year of our reign. 

The Sheriffs of the Counties aforesaid, and the Constables, are 
commanded to cause the said Jews to be deported to the places 
aforesaid. 

Sabina, wife that was of Robert Hubert, Agnes de Barton, and John 
Portehores were attached to answer the King touching divers goods 
and chattels, that did aforetime belong to Saulot Mutun, and ought to 
have come to the King's hands after the death of the said Saulot, 
and whereof the King claims from the said Sabina 10 librates, and 
from the said Agnes £10, and from the said John £14, which they 
unlawfully detain against the King. The said Sabina, Agnes, and 
John come and say, that the King claims the said chattels from them 
unlawfully, for that they have nought of any chattels that did ever 
belong to the deceased Saulot ; but certain chattels formerly belong- 
ing to the said Saulot they had at one time in their keeping, and de- 
livered them to Robert de Fulham, formerly Justice etc., and Aaron, 
son of Vives, Jew, by mandate of the said Robert ; and this they offer 
to verify by the country. Therefore the Sheriff is commanded to 
cause to come before etc. twelve Christians and six Jews, to recognise 

1 Cf. Cal. Patent Rolls (Rolls Ser.), Ed. L, 1272-81, p. 76. 



Rot. 19, m. 1. 
Lond. 



86 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

Pasche in xv dies etc., nisi interim in partes illas aliquis Justiciarius 
venerit. 

Et quia preceptum fuit Vicecomiti, quod distringeret Priorem 
de Cruce Roesie, Abraham Biscop, et Murielem, que fuit uxor Sauloti 
Mutun, ad respondendum Regi de diversis debitis, et idem Vicecomes 
nicliil inde significavit, nee ipsos distrinxit, ideo ipse Vicecomes, 
scilicet, Walterus de Scherf angel, in misericordia. Et postea per 
Justiciaries dictus Prior habet diem ad respondendum Regi in pre- 
missis, in octabis S. Michaelis. 



A DIE PASCHE IN UNUM MENSEM. 

Willelmus de Leyburn optulit se iiij t0 die versus Haginum, filium 
Magistri Mossei, Judeum, de placito transgressionis et falsitatis. Et 
ipse non venit ; et preceptum fuit Constabulario, quod ipsum attachi- 
aret, ita quod haberet corpus ejus coram etc. ad nunc diem. Et 
Constabularius mandavit, quod Cokerell, Judeus, et Abraham de 
Horndona manuceperunt Haginum, quern non habuerunt. Ideo in 
misericordia. Judicium, quod distringatur per terras etc., in crastino 
S. Johannis Baptiste, ad respondendum etc. et audiendum etc. 



Memorandum, quod Magister Elias, filius Magistri Mossei, Judeus, 
Lon.i.' dat Regi x biss. per sic quod Justiciarii etc. accedant ad scolas 

Judeorum Londonie, et per sacramentum Judeorum inquirant, si 
aliquam sententiam promulgaverint, sen promulgari fecerint, in 
quoscumque auxiliantes, gravantes vel nocentes Bonamy de Eboraco, 
Judeum, in negociis que Bex prosequitur versus eundem Bonamy de 
quodam mutuo facto Abbati de Fontibus. Qui quidem Justiciarii 
accesserunt ad scolas illas, et in plena congregacione Judeorum, 
juratis Judeis super Rotulos Judeorum, per sacramentum eorum 
invenerunt, quod nullam sententiam promulgaverint contra predictum 
Bonamy, nee quoscumque sibi auxiliantes vel nocentes, nee pro eis 
aliqua facta fuit mencio de hujus modi sententia promulganda. Et 
facta fuit inquisicio ilia per sacramentum Magistri Elie de Norwico, 
Aaron de La Reye, Magistri Samuelis, de Loun, Samuelis de Norwico, 
Gamaliel de Oxonia, Mossei, fratris ejus, Isaac de Berkhamstede, 
Benedicti, filii Cresse, Magistri Jocei de Alemannia, Deulecresse de 



lb. m. 8, 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1275 86 

etc., on Easter quindene etc., unless in the meantime a Justice shall 
come into those parts. 

And because the Sheriff was commanded to distrain the Prior of 
Eoyston, Abraham Bishop, and Muriel, wife that was of Saulot Mutun, 
to answer the King touching divers debts, and the said Sheriff made 
no return thereof, nor did distrain them, therefore he, the Sheriff, 
to wit, Walter de Shelfangre, 1 is in mercy. And afterwards, by award 
of the Justices, the said Prior has a day to answer the King touching 
the premises, the octave of St. Michael. 



EASTEPi MONTH. 

William de Leyburn offered himself on the fourth day against 
Hagin, son of Master Moses, Jew, touching a plea of trespass and 
fraud. And he did not come ; and the Constable was commanded to 
attach him, so that he have his body before etc. on this day. And 
the Constable sent word, that Cokerell, Jew, and Abraham of Horn- 
don mainperned Hagin, and have him not. So in mercy. Judgment, 
that he be distrained by lands etc., and that the Sheriff have his body 
before etc. on the morrow of St. John the Baptist, to answer etc. and 
hear etc. 

Be it had in remembrance, that Master Elias, son of Master 
Moses, Jew, gives the King 10 bezants, that the Justices etc. may go 
to the synagogues of the Jews of London, and by oath of the Jews 
inquire, whether they have promulgated, or caused to be promulgated 
any sentence against all who may assist, aggrieve, or injure Bonamy 
of York, Jew, in the proceedings which the King has pending against 
the said Bonamy touching a loan made to the Abbot of Fountains. 
And the Justices went to the synagogues, and in full congregation of 
the Jews, by oath sworn by the Jews upon their Kolls found, that 
they have promulgated no sentence against the said Bonamy, or any 
assisting or injuring him, nor was any mention made of promulgating 
any sentence of this kind in regard to them. And that inquest was 
made by oath of Master Elias of Norwich, Aaron of Eye, Master 
Samuel, of Lynn(?), Samuel of Norwich, Gamaliel of Oxford, Moses, his 
brother, Isaac of Berkhamsted, Benedict, son of Cresse, Master Joce of 
Germany, Deulecresse of Stamford, Joce of Lincoln, Joce, son of 

1 So in the List of Sheriffs (P.R.O.), p. 12. Cf. Blomefield, Norfolk, ed. Parkin, i. 114. 



87 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

Stamford, Joscei de Lincolnia, Jocei, filii Sleme, Yives Le Chapelein, 
Benedicti Levi, Isaac, filii Benedicti, Samuelis Levi, Samuelis de 
Herford, Mossei de Herford, Leonis, filii Benedicti, Mossei de Oxonia, 
Abrahe, filii Benedicti. Mossei Le Blunt, Isaac le Evesk', Benedicti de 
Evesham, Abrahe de Burdens, Samuelis le Evesk', Mossei Poteman, 
Isaac, filii Hagini, Manseri, filii Isaac, et multorum aliorum Judeorum. 

DE TEBMINO S. TBINITATIS. 

Rot. 20, m. 3. Per breve Regis de Magno Sigillo Justiciariis directum : — Edwardus 
iiel'ina. "' etc. Justiciariis suis etc. salutem : — Sciatis quod dedimus et con- 
cessimus carissime Consorti nostre, Alienore, Begine Anglie, omnia 
debita, bona et catalla Cok' Hagini, Judei, Londonie, que quidem 
debita, bona et catalla ad Nos tanquam forisfacta spectant, eo quod 
idem Judeus excommunicatus est, et secundum Legem et Consue- 
tudinem Judaismi nostri, jamdiu est, justiciari non permisit, nee 
permittit ; que quidem debita et catalla preclicta sunt in tallagio 
nostro pro tallagio predicti Judei; vobis mandamus, quod eidem 
Alienore debita, bona et catalla predicta de dono nostro habere faciatis, 
sicut alias in casu consimili fieri consueverit, proviso quod eadem 
Consors nostra de arreragiis tallagii super ipsum Judeum ultimo 
assessi Nobis, si necesse fuerit, satisfaciat citra festum Natalis Domini 
proximo futurum. Teste Me ipso apud Windlesoram, xvj° die Julii 
anno regni nostri tercio. 

Et quia Justiciarii super hoc certiorari non potuerunt per 
aliquani inspectionem rotulorum de Scaccario Judaismi, quod alias 
in consimili casu fieri consueverat, nisi tantummodo quod in eisdem 
rotulis inventum fuerat quoddam breve Begis Henrici Justiciariis 
suis directum in hec verba : — Henricus, Dei gratia Bex Anglie etc., 
Justiciariis suis etc. salutem : — Cum testificatum sit coram Nobis 
per Judeos nostros Londonie, quod Sadekinus de Northamptona, 
Judeus, pro culpa sua juxta Rectum et Consuetudinem Judaismi 
dudum excommunicatus fuerit, et in ipsa excommunicatione per xl 
dies et amplius perseveraverit, propter quod omnia bona et catalla 
sua secundum Legem et Consuetudinem Judaismi nostri nostra esse 
debeant, ut accepimus, et Nos bona et catalla predicta carissime 
Consorti nostre, Alienore, Begine Anglie, ad quedam debita sua ac- 
quietanda dederimus ; vobis mandamus, firmiter injungentes, quod 
si ita est, tunc bona et catalla ipsa eidem Begine nostre plenarie 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1275 87 

Slema, Vives Le Chapelein, Benedict Levi, Isaac, son of Benedict, 
Samuel Levi, Samuel of Hertford, Moses of Hertford, Leo, son of 
Benedict, Moses of Oxford, Abraham, son of Benedict, Moses Le 
Blunt, Isaac le Eveske, Benedict of Evesham, Abraham of Bordeaux, 
Samuel le Eveske, Moses Poteman, Isaac, son of Hagin, Manser, son 
of Isaac, and many other Jews. 

HOLY TBINITY TERM. 

By writ of the King under the Great Seal addressed to the 
Justices : — Edward etc. to his Justices etc. greeting: — Know that We 
have given and granted to our dearest Consort, Eleanor, Queen of 
England, all the debts owing to, and goods, and chattels of Cok Hagin, 
Jew, of London, which debts, goods, and chattels concern Us as forfeit, 
by reason that the said Jew is excommunicate, and long ago refused, 
and still persists in refusing, to suffer himself to be tried according 
to the Law and Custom of our Jewry ; which said debts and chattels 
are in our talliage on account of the talliage of the said Jew : We 
therefore command you, that you cause the said Eleanor to have 
the said debts, goods, and chattels by our gift, as has heretofore 
been wont to be done in like case, provided that the said Eleanor, 
our Consort, do, before next Christmas, make good to Us, if occasion 
there shall be, the arrears of the talliage last assessed upon him, 
the Jew. Witness Myself at Windsor on the 16th day of July 
in the third year of our reign. 

And whereas touching this matter the Justices were not by any 
inspection of the rolls of the Exchequer of Jewry able to ascer- 
tain, what heretofore had been wont to be done in like case, 
save only that in the same rolls there was found a writ of King 
Henry addressed to his Justices to the effect following: — Henry, 
by the grace of God King of England etc., to his Justices etc. 
greeting : —Whereas it has been testified before Us by our Jews 
of London, that Sadekin of Northampton, Jew, has by his own 
fault been of late excommunicate according to the Law and 
Custom of Jewry, and has persisted in the said excommunica- 
tion for forty days and more, wherefore all his goods and chattels 
should be ours according to the Law and Custom of our Jewry, as 
We are informed, and We have given the said goods and chattels to 
our dearest Consort, Eleanor, Queen of England, for the acquittance 
of certain of her debts ; We do therefore you command, and strictly 
enjoin, that, if so it is, then you cause the said Eleanor, our Queen, to 



ib. m. 
dorso. 
Norf. 



88 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

et sine dilacione habere faciatis, et hoc nullatenus omittatis. Teste 
Me ipso apud Westmonasteriurn, xxx° die Januarii anno regni nostri 
liiij . Per quod quidem breve iidem Justiciarii plenarie adhuc non 
potuerunt certificare. Ideo per sacramentum Gamaliel de Oxonia, 
Sampsonis de Northamptona, Aaron de La Beye, Benedicti de 
Wintonia, Pictavini de Northamptona, Isaac de Loudona, Peteman 
de Northamptona, Manseri, filii Aaron, Isaac le Evesk', Salomonis 
Bunting, Bonenfaunt de Cruce Boesie, et Mossei Le Blund, Judeorum, 
juratorum, inquisita est Veritas super premissis. Qui dicunt super 
sacramentum suum, quod Sadekinus de Northamptona, tempore pre- 
dicti Begis Henrici, pro culpa sua contra Legem ^uam facta excom- 
municatus fuit, et in ipsa excommunicatione per xl dies et amplius 
perseveravit ; et quod Magister Bicardus de Stanes hoc scire fecit 
predicto Domino Begi Henrici, et idem Dominus Bex Magistro Elie, 
filio Magistri Mossei, demandavit ut ad ipsum veniret ; et idem 
Magister Elias venit coram eodem Bege, et testabatur, quod dictus 
Sadekinus excommunicatus fuit pro culpa contra Legem suam facta, 
et in excommunicatione ilia perseveraverat per xl dies et amplius ; et 
per testificationem illam idem Dominus Bex dedit omnia bona et 
catalla ejusdem Sadekini Alienore, Consorti sue, tanquam forisfacta. 
Et quia attinctum est per inquisicionem predictam, et per predictum 
breve Domini Begis Henrici, quod omnia bona et catalla predicti 
Sadekini per predictum Dominum Begem data fuerunt prefate Begine 
per excommunicationem predictam ; et nunc Dominus Bex signifi- 
cavit Justiciariis suis, quod predictus Cok' Haginus excommunicatus 
est pro culpa consimili, et in ilia excommunicatione jam per xl dies 
et amplius perseveravit ; et Magister Elias, filius Magistri Mossei, 
qui est Magister Legis Judaice, hoc coram Justiciariis predictis testifi- 
cabatur ; ideo per illud mandatum liberata sunt Waltero de Cantea, 
Custodi Auri predicte Begine, nunc ad opus Begine, Consortis Begis, 
debita et catalla predicti Cok' subscripta, que fuerunt in Thesauro 
Begis pro tallagio ipsius Judei ; ' videlicet unum debitum ccl m. sub 
nominibus Nicholai Tregoz de Comitatu Norfolcie, et Hagini, filii 
Deulecresse, reddendo etc. 

Abraham, filius Deulecresse, Judeus, attachiatus fuit ad re- 
spondendum Simoni de Greyn villa et Isabelle, uxori sue, de placito 

1 There follows a list of debts owing to as he was subsequently Chief Kabbi, his 

Hagin, son of Deulecresse, who is thus election being confirmed at the instance 

identified with Cok Hagin. His excom- of Queen Eleanor on 15 May 1281. See 

munication was probably due to the tempo- Bymer, Fcedera, ed. Clarke, i. pt. ii. 591. 
rary triumph of a faction in the Synagogue, 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1275 88 

have the goods and chattels in full seisin and without delay, and that 
on no account you omit so to do. Witness Myself at Westminster on 
the 30th day of January in the 54th year of our reign. Which writ 
notwithstanding, the said Justices were still unable fully to certify. 
Therefore by oath of Gamaliel of Oxford, Sampson of Northamp- 
ton, Aaron of Eye, Benedict of Winchester, Pictavin of Northampton, 
Isaac of Loudon, 1 Peteman of Northampton, Manser, son of Aaron, 
Isaac le Eveske, Solomon Bunting, Bonenfaunt of Boyston, and 
Moses Le Blund, Jews, jurors, inquest is made of the truth of the 
premises. Who say upon their oath, that Sadekin of Northampton 
was excommunicate, in the time of the said King Henry, for an offence 
done by him against his Law, and persisted in the excommunication 
for forty days and more ; and that Master Bichard de Staines 2 so 
certified to the said King Henry, who also summoned to his presence 
Master Elias, son of Master Moses ; and the same Master Elias 
came before the said King, and testified, that the said Sadekin was 
excommunicate for an offence against his Law, and had persisted 
in that excommunication for forty days and more ; upon which 
testimony the said King gave all the goods and chattels of the 
said Sadekin to Eleanor, his Consort, as forfeit. And because it is 
attaint by the said inquest, and by the said writ of King Henry, 
that all the goods and chattels of the said Sadekin were given by 
the said King to the said Queen by reason of the said excommunica- 
tion ; and our Lord the King has now notified to his Justices that the 
said Cok Hagin is excommunicate for a like offence, and has already 
persisted in that excommunication for forty days and more; and 
Master Elias, son of Master Moses, who is Master of the Jewish 
Law, so testified before the said Justices ; therefore by that mandate 
are now delivered to Walter de Kent, 3 Keeper of the Gold of the said 
Queen, to the use of the Queen, the King's Consort, the underwritten 
debts owing to, and chattels of the said Cok, which were in the King's 
Treasury on account of his, the Jew's, talliage ; to wit, a debt of 
250 marks under the names of Nicholas Tregoz, of the County of 
Norfolk, and Hagin, son of Deulecresse . 

Abraham, son of Deulecresse, Jew, was attached to answer to 
Simon de Greynvill and Isabel, his wife, touching a plea of trespass, 



1 Probably Lutton. Justice of the Jews, came to be concerned 

2 The record has evidently been in the affair. 

abridged, and it is impossible to say how 3 Cf. Cal. Talent Rolls (Rolls Ser.), 

Richard de Staines, who was certainly no Ed. I., 1272-81, Index, ' Kancia.' 

N 



89 SCACCARIUM JUDEOEUM 

transgressionis, et unde queritur, quod, cum eadem Isabella antequam 
dictus Simon earn desponsaverat, tradidisset Abrahe, filio Deule- 
cresse, de Norwico, Judeo, quedam jocalia et alia bona et catalla sua, 
ad valenciam xxj 1., ad custodiendum ; et idem Abraham cum quodam 
vadlecto suo et quodam garcione et duobus equis suis ad domum 
dicte Isabelle sumptibus ipsius Isabelle perhendinaverat per xvij 
septimanas una vice, et postea alia vice per xviij septimanas ; per 
quod dictus Abraham eidem Simoni et Isabelle per perhendinacionem 
predictam solvisse debuit xix 1., idem Abraham eadem bona et catalla 
sua, ad valenciam xxj 1., et predictas xix 1. pro predicta perhendinacione, 
ad dampnum suum, c 1. 

Predictus Abraham venit et defendit vim etc. et totum, et dedicit 
de verbo ad verbum, et de hoc est ad legem suam faciendam a die 
S. Michaelis in unum mensem. Plegii de lege, Cresseus, filius Gente, 
et Josceus, filius Sleme. Ad quem diem dictus Judeus venit et fecit 
legem suam, se sola inanu super Librum suum de Lege Judaica. Et 
predictus Simon petiit judicium de hoc, quod dictus Judeus non fecit 
legem suam sicut facere debet, quia secundum Consuetudinem Regni 
venire debeat se duodecima manu ad legem faciendam ; et de hoc 
petiit judicium. Et predictus Judeus dicit, quod fecit legem suam ea 
forma qua Judeus facere debet versus Christianum, et similiter super 
hoc petiit judicium. Et dictus Simon similiter. Et quia dictus Judeus 
fecit legem suam, sicut Judeus facere debet versus Christianum, vide- 
licet, se sola manu super Librum suum, ideo consideratum est, quod 
predictus Abraham inde recedat quietus. Et predictus Simon in 
misericordia, sicut patet in Termino S. Michaelis proximo sequente. 



IN OCTABIS S. MARTINI ANNO TEECIO INCIPIENTE 
QUARTO. 

Rot. 21, m. 7. Ricardus de Redleye fecit venire Benedictum, filium Jacobi, 
Judeum, cum cirographo ad compotandum etc. 

Predictus Benedictus venit et protulit quoddam cirographum in hec 
verba : — Quod Ricardus de Redleye, filius Petri, de Comitatu Essexe, 
debet Benedicto, filio Jacobi, de Lincolnia, Judeo, xl 1., reddendas eidem 
ad Natale Domini anno Regis Edwardi secundo : actum xx° «die 
Aprilis anno eodem ; et per predictum cirographum predictus Judeus 
exigit de predicto Ricardo totum predictum debitum, et lucrum. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.I). 1275-6 89 

whereof he, Simon, complains, that, the said Isabel, before her 
marriage with the said Simon, having given to Abraham, son of 
Deulecresse, of Norwich, Jew, certain jewels and other her goods 
and chattels, to the value of £21, for safe keeping, and the same 
Abraham having lodged with his servant and a boy and two horses 
at the house of the said Isabel, and at the expense of the said Isabel, 
for seventeen weeks at one time, and then a second time for eighteen 
weeks, the said Abraham ought to have paid to the said Simon and 
Isabel for the said lodging £19, and also to have delivered to the 
said Simon and Isabel their said goods and chattels, to the value of 
£21, with the said £19, and has not done so, to the damage of the 
said Simon and Isabel, £100. 

The said Abraham comes and defends the force etc. and all, 
and denies it all word by word, and thereof is to make his law a 
month after Michaelmas. Pledges for his law, Cresse, son of Genta, 
and Joce, son of Slema. On which day the said Jew came and 
made his law single-handed on his Book of the Jewish Law. And the 
said Simon craved judgment by reason that the said Jew had not 
made his law as he ought to make it, because according to the 
Custom of the Eealm he ought to come and make his law twelve- 
handed ; and thereof he craved judgment. And the said Jew says, 
that he made his law in the form in which a Jew ought to make it 
against a Christian, and likewise craves judgment thereof. And the said 
Simon likewise. And because the said Jew made his law as a Jew 
ought to make it against a Christian, to wit, single-handed upon his 
Book, therefore it is adjudged, that the said Abraham go quit thereof. 
And the said Simon is in mercy, as appears in the roll of Michaelmas 
Term next following. 



the; octave OF ST. martin in the thibd and the 

BEGINNING OF THE FOURTH YEAR. [a.d. 1275-6.] 

Richard de Radley caused Benedict, son of Jacob, Jew, to come 
with chirograph to account etc. 

The said Benedict came and produced a chirograph to the effect 
following : — That Richard de Radley, son of Peter, of the County of 
Essex, owes Benedict, son of Jacob, of Lincoln, Jew, £40, payable to 
him at Christmas in the second year of King Edward ; the chirograph 
being made on the 20th day of April in the same year ; and by the 
said chirograph the said Jew demands of the said Richard all the said 
debt, and interest. 

N 2 



90 SCACCARIUM JUDEOEUM 

Predictus Bicardus dicifc, quod injuste ab go exigit predictum 
debitum, eo quod idem Benedictus fecit ei starriim suum, quod 
protulit, in hec verba: — Benedictus, films Jacobi, deLincolnia, recog- 
novit per starrum suum, quod Bicardus de Bedleye quietus est de uno 
debito xl 1., quod est in Archa Cirographorum Londonie sub nominibus 
ipsius Bicardi et Benedicti ; per quod quidem starrum elicit se esse 
quietum de predicto debito. 

Predictus Judeus venit et peciit inspectionem dicti starri, et 
habuit, et dicit, quod predictum starrum nunquam fuit factum suum, 
nee starrum illud unquam vidit nee sigillavit ; set dicit, quod starrum 
illud falso factum fuit nomine suo ; et de hoc ponit se super Judeos 
qui manum suam cognoscunt ; et hoc offert verificare. 

Et dictus Bicardus dicit, quod predictus Benedictus fecit ei star- 
rum illud, et manu sua litera Ebraica consignavit ; et hoc offert 
verificare per eosdem qui interfuerant confectioni illius starri, et 
per quicquid Curia Begis consideraverit ; et dicit, quod quidam 
Martinus Cissor et Johannes Carnifex, de Londonia, interfuerant ubi 
dictus Judeus fecit ei starrum predictum. Ideo preceptum est Con- 
stabulario, quod venire faciat coram etc. xij Judeos ; et preceptum 
est Yicecomitibus Londonie, quod venire faciant predictos Marti- 
num et Johannem ad certificandum etc. in crastino S. Nicholai. 
Ad quem diem venit inquisicio per Abraham Motun, Jacob urn Le 
Clerk, Magistrum Isaac, de Oxonia, Abraham Gabbay, Magistrum 
Samuelem, de Loun, Isaac le Evesk', Sampsonem, filium Isaac, 1 de 
Wintonia, Abraham de Norwico, Meir, nepotem Leonis, Isaac de 
Berkhamsted, et Meir, filium Gamaliel, Judeos juratos. Qui dicunt 
super sacramentum suum, quod predictum starrum nunquam fuit 
factum ipsius Benedicti, nee sigillatum sigillo suo, nee manu sua 
scriptum. Et predicti Christiani, videlicet, Martinus Cissor et 
Johannes Carnifex, examinati de confectione dicti starri, dicunt, quod 
bene recolunt ubi dictus Judeus scripsit in quadam cedula percamene, 
et dixit coram ipsis, quod dictus Bicardus ei solvit circiter xij m. ; set 
cognicionem starri supradicti non habuerunt, nee aliquid hide. Et 
quia dicti Christiani nichil sciunt de confectione dicti starri, nee 
aliquam cognicionem inde habent, et predicti Judei dicunt super 
sacramentum suum, quod predictum starrum nunquam fuit factum 
ipsius Benedicti, set bene sciunt quod starrum illud falsum est ; ideo 
consideratum est, quod predictus Benedictus habeat recuperare suum 
de toto predicto debito et lucro, et predictus Bicardus, eo quod 

1 Though there is no lacuna in the MS., of another juror, perhaps Benedict. See 
here, probably, should have stood the name pp. 96, 97, infra. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1275-6 90 

The said Eichard says, that he demands the said debt of him 
unlawfully, because the said Benedict made him his starr, which 
he produced, to the effect following: — Benedict, son of Jacob, of 
Lincoln, acknowledged by his starr, that Richard de Badley is quit of 
a debt of £40, which is in the London Chirograph- Chest under the 
names of him, Bichard, and Benedict ; by which starr he, Richard, 
says, that he is quit of the said debt. 

The said Jew came and craved inspection of the said starr, and 
had it, and says, that the said starr was never his deed, nor did he 
ever see or seal that starr ; but he says, that that starr was falsely 
made in his name ; and thereof he puts himself upon Jews who know 
his hand ; and this he offers to verify. 

And the said Richard says, that the said Benedict made him that 
starr, and signed it with his hand in the Hebrew character ; and this 
he offers to verify by those who were present at the making of that 
starr, and in what way soever the Court shall award ; and he says, 
that Martin Taylor and John Butcher, of London, were present where 
the said Jew made him the said starr. So the Constable is com- 
manded, that he cause to come before etc. twelve Jews; and the 
Sheriffs of London are commanded, that they cause the said Martin 
and John to come to certify etc. on the morrow of St. Nicholas. On 
which day the inquest came by Abraham Motun, Jacob Le Clerk, 
Master Isaac, of Oxford, Abraham Gabbay, Master Samuel, of Lynn ('?), 

Isaac le Eveske, Sampson, son of Isaac, of Winchester, Abraham of 

Norwich, Meir, nephew of Leo, Isaac of Berkhamsted, and Meir, son 
of Gamaliel, Jews, jurors. Who say upon their oath, that the said 
starr was never the deed of him, Benedict, or sealed with his seal, or 
written with his hand. And the said Christians, to wit, Martin 
Taylor and John Butcher, examined touching the making of that 
starr, say, that they well remember the said Jew writing on a slip of 
parchment, and saying in their presence, that the said Richard paid 
him about 12 marks ; but of the said starr they had no knowledge, 
nor of aught regarding it. And because the said Christians know 
nothing of the making of the said starr, nor have any knowledge of 
aught regarding it, and the said Jews say upon their oath, that the said 
starr was never his, Benedict's, deed, but they well know that that 
starr is false ; therefore it is adjudged, that the said Benedict recover all 
the said debt, and interest, and the said Richard, because he produced 



ib. dor 
Loud. 



91 SCACCARIUM JUDEOKUM 

protulit predictum starrum falsum, cominittitur prisone. Postea 
idem Eicardus finem fecit per c s., quos ipse Eicardus et Hugo de 
Coleworth et Johannes de Neketona concesserunt solvere Eegi terminis 
subscriptis, videlicet, medietatem ad quindenam Purificacionis B. 
Marie, et aliam medietatem in quindena S. Johannis ; et nisi fecerint, 
concedunt, quod de terris et catallis suis fiant. 



Willelmus de Leyburn optulit se iiij t0 die versus Haginum, filium 
Magistri Mossei, Judeum ; et ipse non venit. Et preceptum fuit 
Constabulario, quod ipsum distringeret per terras etc. Et Consta- 
bularius mandavit, quod Cok', filius Hagini, et Benedictus, filius Hak', 
manuceperunt predictum Haginum, quern non habent. Ideo in 
misericordia. Judicium, sicut alias, in crastino Purificationis B. 
Marie. 



DE TEEMTNO S. TEINITATIS ANNO QUAETO. 

wdoreo"' Preceptum fuit Constabulario, quod sub salvo et securo conductu 

Bristou. venire faceret corpora cujusdam mercatoris Wasconiensis et quo- 
rundam Judeorum captorum et detentorum in prisona Bristoll', cum 
quadam falsa plata fundata tanquam argentea; et Constabularius, 
scilicet, Bartholomeus Le Jofne, venit et duxit corpora Eeymund de La 
Barbane, mercatoris Wasconiensis, Hake, filii Meirot, et Swetman, 
frgrati. nn ^ Meirot, Judeorum, cum diversis platis argenti in una pucha sub 
sigillo suo ; et dicit, quod invenit easdem platas subtus lectum predicti 
mercatoris absconditas ; et dicit, quod in manu ejusdem mercatoris 
predictam falsam platam invenit, et ponderabat 1 s. ; et ea occasione 
ipsum arestavit. 

Et predictus mercator, hide allocutus per Justiciaries, dicit, quod 
predictam falsam platam bene cognoscit, et quod earn legaliter emit 
de predicto Swetman, Judeo, et pro eadem solvit ei per manum 
predicti Hake in arris xxx s., et earn detulit cuidam aurifabro Bristoll' 
ad faciendum examen, utruni eadem plata fuit legalis, necne ; et 
quia invenit eandem platam falsam, ideo earn retradisse voluit prefato 
Swetman. Dicit eciani, quod predictas pecias argenti inventas sub 
lecto suo bene cognoscit, tanquam legale catallum suuni, eo quod eas 
emit in Normannia et eas secum detulit usque Bristoll'. Et predicti 
Judei dicunt, quod predictam falsam platam nunquam viderunt, nee 
dicto mercatori vendiderunt, nee unquam aliquis contractus fuit inter 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.I). 1276 91 

the said false starr, is committed to prison. Afterwards the said 
Richard made fine in 100 shillings, which he, Richard, and Hugh de 
Cul worth and John de Necton agreed to pay to the King at the terms 
underwritten, to wit, one moiety on the quindene of the Purification 
of Blessed Mary, and the other moiety on the quindene of St. John ; 
and if they shall make default, they grant, that the moneys be made 
of their lands and chattels. 

William de Leyburn offered himself on the fourth day against 
Hagin, son of Master Moses, Jew ; and he did not come. And the 
Constable was commanded, that he distrain him by lands etc. And 
the Constable sent word, that Cok, son of Hagin, and Benedict, son of 
Hak, mainperned the said Hagin, and have him not. So in mercy. 
Judgment, as before, on the morrow of the Purification of Blessed 
Mary. 



HOLY TRINITY TERM IN THE FOURTH YEAR. [a.d. 1276.] 

The Constable was commanded, that under safe and sure conduct 
he cause to come the bodies of a certain Gascon merchant and certain 
Jews arrested and detained in Bristol Gaol, with a certain false plate 
of fused metal, having the appearance of silver ; and the Constable, 
to wit, Bartholomew Le Jeune, came and brought the bodies 
of Raymond of La Barbane, merchant, of Gascony, Hak, son of 
Meirot, and Swetman, son of Meirot, Jews, with divers plates 
of silver in a pouch under his seal ; and he says, that he found the 
said plates hidden under the bed of the said merchant ; and he says, 
that he found the said false plate in the hand of the said merchant, 
and it weighed 50s. ; and on that account he arrested him. 

And the said merchant, taxed therewith by the Justices, says, that 
he knows the false plate well, and that he had it by lawful purchase 
from the said Swetman, Jew, and paid therefor by the hand of the 
said Hak by way of earnest 30s., and took it to a goldsmith at 
Bristol to have it assayed, whether the said plate were lawful, or no ; 
and as he found that the said plate was false, he would have returned 
it to the said Swetman. He also says, that he well knows the said 
pieces of silver found under his bed, they being his lawful property, 
seeing that he bought them in Normandy and brought them with him 
to Bristol. And the said Jews say, that they never saw the said false 
plate, or sold it to the said merchant, nor was there ever any contract 



92 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

eos cle hujusmodi platis ; et de hoc ponunt se super patriam. Ideo 
preceptum est Constabulario Bristol?, quod venire faciat coram etc., a 
die S. Michaelis in xv dies, xij Christianos et xij Judeos, ad recogno- 
scendum etc. 



DE TERMINO S. HILLARII ANNO QUINTO. 

Per breve Domini Regis de magno sigillo Justiciariis directum in hec 
verba : — Edwardus etc. Justiciariis etc. salutem : — Cum ad instanciam 
matris nostre, Alienore, Regine Anglie, perdonaverimus Radulfo de 
Gorges xl 1., in quibus idem Radulfus Cresseo, filio Magistri Elie, Judeo, 
tenebatur per cartam suam, per quod vobis breve nostrum alias man- 
davimus, quod eidem Cresseo, vel alii Judeo cui voluerit, allocacionem 
in debitis que Nobis debet, de predictis xl 1. habere, vel de clarioribus 
debitis nostris in Thesauro Judaismi nostri existentibus usque ad 
summam xl 1. eidem Cresseo liberari faciatis, ac vos id nondum 
feceritis, ut accepimus ; vobis mandamus, quod, si ita est, prefato 
Cresseo allocacionem predictam habere vel debita usque ad summam 
predictam sibi liberari faciatis, nisi liberacio ilia vel allocacio prius 
sibi facta fuerit per aliud breve nostrum. Teste Me ipso apud Odyng- 
ham vi t0 die Augusti anno regni nostri quarto. 

Liberantur eidem Cresseo debita subscripta : videlicet, unum x 1. 
sub nominibus Nicholai de Staveneby et Samuelis, filii Diei ; unum vj 1. 
sub nominibus Galfridi, filii Galfridi de Wyke, et Salomon, filii Aaron ; 
et unum x 1. sub nominibus Cressei, filii Milonis 2 ; et unum x 1. sub 
nominibus Margerie de Balon et Cressei, filii Milonis ; et unum vij m. 
sub nominibus Reginaldi de Balon et Cressei, filii Milonis. Summa, 
xl 1. j m. 



Willelmus cle La Leye venit coram etc., et recognovit se debere 
Aaron, filio Vives, Judeo, xl 1. argenti, solvendo eidem Judeo ad festum 
S. Hillarii anno regni Regis Edwardi quinto c s., et ad Hokeday 
proximo sequentem c s., et ad festum S. Petri ad Vincula proximo 
sequens c s., et ad quindenam S. Michaelis proximo sequentem c s., et 
sic, de anno in annum et termino in terminum, xx 1. per annum, 
quousque predicte xl 1. eidem fuerint persolute ; et nisi fecerit, idem 

1 From Addit. Eoll (Brit. Mus.) 7218, m. the other party. 
9, dorso. 3 Transferred from Roll 43 (11 Ed. I.), 

3 Sic : the scribe skipped the name of m. 3. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1277 92 

between them touching such plates ; and as to this they put them- 
selves upon the country. So the Constable of Bristol is commanded, 
that he cause to come before etc., on Michaelmas quindene, twelve 
Christians and twelve Jews, to recognise, etc. 



HILAEY TERM IN THE FIFTH YEAR. [a.d. 1277.] 

London. J3y writ of our Lord the King under the Great Seal addressed to the 

Justices to the effect following : — Edward etc. to his Justices etc. 
greeting : — Whereas at the instance of our mother, Eleanor, Queen of 
England, We have released to Ralph de Gorges £40, in which the said 
Ralph was bound by his charter to Cresse, son of Master Elias, Jew, 
for which cause W T e heretofore sent you our writ, commanding you to 
cause to be made to the said Cresse, or to any other Jew at his pleasure, 
allowance in the debts which he owes to Us, of the said £40, or delivery 
to the said Cresse of the clearer debts owing to Us in the Treasury of 
our Jewry to the amount of £40, and you, as We have heard, have not 
yet done so ; We therefore command you, that, if so it is, you cause 
the said allowance or delivery of debts to the said amount to be made 
to the said Cresse, unless such delivery or allowance be earlier made 
him by another our writ. Witness Myself at Odiham on the 6th day 
of August in the fourth year of our reign. 

There are delivered to the said Cresse the debts underwritten : to 
wit, a debt of £10 under the names of Nicholas de Staveneby x and 
Samuel, son of Diaia ; a debt of £6 under the names of Geoffrey, son 
of Geoffrey de Wick, and Solomon, son of Aaron ; and a debt of £10 
under the names of Cresse, son of Milo [and another] ; and a debt of 
£10 under the names of Margery de Bolam and Cresse, son of Milo ; 
and a debt of 7 marks under the names of Reginald de Bolam and 
Cresse, son of Milo. Sum, £40 1 mark. 

Burr. William de La Leye came before etc., and acknowledged, that he 

owes Aaron, son of Vives, Jew, £40 of silver, whereof he is to pay 
the said Jew 100s. at the feast of St. Hilary in the fifth year of 
the reign of King Edward, and 100s. at Hokeday next following, and 
100s. at the feast of St. Peter's Chains next following, and 100s. on 
Michaelmas quindene next following, and so, year by year and term 
by term, £20 yearly, until the said £40 be fully paid him ; and if he 



Perhaps Stainby, Lincolnshire. 



93 



SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 



Willelmus concedit, quod de terris et catallis suis fiant, una cum ex- 
pensis 1 etc. ; et per istani recognicionem predictus "Willelmus quietus 
est de xl 1., in quibus predictus "Willelmus tenebatur per ij cartas que 
sunt in Arena Cirograpborum Londonie. 



Derb. 

Glonc. 



Memorandum, quod Henricus de Birkeley, miles, de Comitatu 
Gloucestrie, recognovit, quod dimisit et tradidit eidem Aaron totum 
manerium suum de Stanle, cum omnibus suis pertinenciis etc. in ex- 
tensione xvj 1. per annum, tenendum a festo Purificationis B. Marie 
Virginia anno Regis Edwardi quinto usque ad finem x annorum 
proximo sequentium, completorum. 

Henricus de Birkeley, miles, venit coram etc., et recognovit se 
teneri Aaron, filio Vives, in cccc 1., solvendo eidem Judeo terminis sub- 
scriptis, videlicet, ad festum Purificationis B. Marie anno regni Begis 
Edwardi quinto sexies xx 1., in quindena Pasche proximo sequente 
c s., et in quindena S. Michaelis proximo sequente c s., et sic de anno 
in annum etc. ; et nisi etc. concedit etc. 



Hot. 23, 
m. 7, dorso. 
Esses. 



DE TERMINO PASCHE. 

Cum Robertus de Gravele districtus fuisset pro c s., quos Dominus 
Rex ab eo exigebat de debito Magistri Mossei, Judei, defuncti, idem 
Robertus venit et protulit unum starrum in hec verba :— Magister 
Mosseus, Judeus, recognovit per starrum suum, quod Robertus de 
Gravele et heredes sui quieti sunt de ipso et heredibus suis de 
omnibus debitis et calumpniis a creacione usque ad Pentecosten anno 
Regis Henrici xliiij* . Et quia Justiciarii scire voluerunt, utrum 
starrum istud fuit factum ipsius Mossei, necne ; ideo per sacramentum 
Cressei, filii Gente, Gamaliel de Oxonia, Jacobi Le Clerk, Isaac le 
Evesk', Aaron Crespin, Bonevie de Bedford, Mossei Levere, Salamonis 
Bunting, Aaron Potage, Bonami de Kent, Abrabe Gabbay, et 
Abrahe de La Gelnseye, Judeorum, Londonie, inquisita fuit Veritas de 
confectione istius starri. Qui dicunt super sacramentum suum, quod 
predictus Mosseus fecit predictum starrum. Et quia predicta carta 
confecta fuit ante predictum festum Pentecostes, ideo consideratum 
est, quod idem Robertus hide sit quietus, et predicta carta eidem 
liberetur quiete dampnata. 



As to the real meaning of this term see Introduction, pp. xxxviii-ix. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1277 93 

make default in the said payments, the said William grants, that they 
be made of his lands and chattels, with expenses ; and by this 
acknowledgment the said William is quit of £'40, in which the said 
William was bound by two charters which are in the London Chiro- 
graph-Chest. 

Be it had in remembrance, that Henry de Berkeley, knight, of the 
County of Gloucester, acknowledged, that he has demised and delivered 
to the said Aaron his entire manor of Stanley, with all its appurte- 
nances etc., being of the yearly value of £16, to hold from the feast of 
the Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the fifth year of King 
Edward to the end of ten years next following, complete. 

Henry de Berkeley, knight, came before etc., and acknowledged, 
that he is bound to Aaron, son of Vives, in £400, and is to pay to 
the said Jew at the terms underwritten, to wit, at the feast of the 
Purification of Blessed Mary in the fifth year of the reign of King 
Edward £120, and on Easter quindene next following 100s., and on 
Michaelmas quindene next following 100s., and so year by year etc. ; 
and if etc., he grants etc. 

EASTER TERM. 

Whereas Robert de Graveley was distrained for 100s., which our 
Lord the King claimed from him on account of a debt owing to Master 
Moses, Jew, deceased, the said Robert came and produced a starr to the 
effect following : — Master Moses, Jew, acknowledged by his starr, that 
Robert de Graveley and his heirs are quit as against him and his 
heirs of all debts and claims from the creation to Pentecost in the 
44th year of King Henry. And because the Justices desired to know, 
whether this starr was the deed of him, Moses, or no ; therefore by 
oath of Cresse, son of Genta, Gamaliel of Oxford, Jacob Le Clerk, Isaac 
le Eveske, Aaron Crespin, Bonevie of Bedford, Moses Levere, Solomon 
Bunting, Aaron Potage, Bonamy of Kent, Abraham Gabbay, and 
Abraham of La Gelnseye, 1 Jews, of London, inquest was had of the 
truth as to the making of this starr. And the jurors say upon their 
oath, that the said Moses made the said starr. And because the said 
charter was made before the said feast of Pentecost, therefore it is 
adjudged, that the said Robert be quit thereof, and the said charter is 
delivered to him quit and cancelled.' 2 

1 Guernsey (?). would seem, therefore, that no starr was 

2 In this case the starr had evidently valid against the Crown unless so found by 
been duly enrolled ; otherwise no attesta- inquest. 

tion would have rendered it valid. It 



ib. m. 

tlorso. 
Staff. 
Norf. 



94 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

Omnibus hoc seriptum visuris vel audituris, Magister Adam de 
Phylleby, canonicus S. Martini Magni, Londonie, salutem eternam in 
Domino : — Noveritis me teneri et pr'esenti scripto obligari Cresseo, 
filio Magistri Elie, Judeo, Londonie, in xij saccis bone lane, munde et 
bene lote, sine cot, gard et omni vili vellere, quorum duo sacci erunt de 
Mai dona, in Comitatu Essexe, duo de Denham, in Comitatu Buking- 
ham', iiij de Herford', et quatuor de Stafford', secundum quod lane sunt 
in partibus et comitatibus predictis, eidem Cresseo, vel ejus certo 
attornato, apud domum ejusdem Cressei in Londonia, infra quindenam 
proximam post festum Gule Augusti, anno regni Kegis Edwardi 
quinto, integre, sine omni dilacione persolvende. Ad quam quidem 
solucionem fideliter et integre suis loco et termino faciendam inveni 
prefato Cresseo hunc fidejussorem, videlicet, Kadulfum Brll, 1 de 
Comitatu Norfolcie, qui una mecum in predicto debito principalem se 
constituit debitorem. Si autem contingat me in solucione, totius vel 
partis, lane predicte suis loco et termino deficere, quod absit, extunc 
ego, predictus Adam, et Kadulfus obligamus nos unumquemque in 
solidum, et heredes et executores nostros, districcioni cujusque vice- 
comiti vel ballivi quern prefatus Cresseus vel ejus attornatus duxerit 
eligendum ; et possit nos per omnia bona nostra, mobilia et inmobilia, 
ubicumque fuerint inventa, distringere, et predictam lanam vel ejus 
valorem ad opus predicti Cressei sine omni contradiccione vel impedi- 
mento levare : volumus, eciam, quod, si de nobis contingat humaniter 
antequam de predicta lana vel ejus valore predicto Cresseo, vel ejus 
attornato, fuerit satisfactum, quod nulla fiat testamenti nostri 
executio aut bonorum nostrorum distraccio vel alicujus debiti solncio, 
donee predicto Cresseo, vel ejus attornato, de predicta lana una cum 
dampnis et expensis, 2 si que vel quas idem Cresseus occasione dicte 
lane suis loco et termino non solute sustinuerit, plenarie fuerit 
satisfactum. Volumus, insuper, et concedimus, quod idem vicecomes 
vel ballivus, qui districcionem super nos vel unum ex nobis, predicta 
lana suis loco et termino non soluta, fecerit, quod qualibet districcione 
quam fecerit xl s. argenti de bonis nostris propriis percipiat et habeat, 
et nichilominus quod idem Cresseus vel attornatus super dampnis suis 
et expensis supradictis simplici sua assercione, sine juramento vel 
alterius onere probacionis, credatur. Et ad majorem securitatem ad 
solucionem predictam fideliter faciendam, nos, Adam et Badulfus, 
affidamus, et juramento mediante presens seriptum sigillorum nos- 



1 Sic: the vowels can only be supplied by conjecture. 

2 Cf. Introduction, 1. c. 



EXCIIEQCJER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1277 94 

staff. To all who shall have sight or hearing of this writing, Master 

Adam cle Filby, canon of St. Martin's Le Grand, London, eternal 
health in the Lord : — Know that by the present writing I am held 
bound to Cresse, son of Master Elias, Jew, of London, in twelve sacks of 
good wool, clean and well washed, without cot, 1 gare, or any cheap fleece, 
whereof two sacks shall be from Maldon, in the County of Essex, two 
from Denham, in the County of Buckingham, four from Hertford, and 
four from Stafford, the wool to be such as is grown in the said parts and 
counties, and to be delivered to the said Cresse, or his proper attorney, 
at his house in London, in full tale and without any delay, before the 
quindene next following Lammas day, 2 in the fifth year of the reign 
of King Edward. For which delivery, faithfully and fully to be made 
to the said Cresse at the place and time assigned, I have found this 
surety, to wit, Ralph Burrell (?), of the County of Norfolk, who has 
made himself, jointly with me, principal debtor in the said debt. 
And should it so, as I trust it may not, happen, that I make default in 
delivery of the said wool, in whole or in part, at the place and time 
assigned, then I, the said Adam, and Ralph bind ourselves severally, 
and our heirs and executors, for the whole, to lie under distraint by 
any sheriff or bailiff whom the said Cresse or his attorney may see fit 
to choose ; and he may distrain us by all our goods, movable and 
immovable, wheresoever they may be found, and raise the said wool 
or its value to the use of the said Cresse without any dispute or 
demur : we are consenting, also, that, if we should pay the debt 
of nature before delivery made to the said Cresse, or his attorney, 
of the said wool or its value, there be no execution of our will 
or distribution of our goods or payment of any of our debts, 
until delivery be fully made to the said Cresse, or his attorney, 
of the said wool, together with the damages and expenses, if any, 
which the said Cresse may have sustained by reason of the said wool 
not being delivered at the place and time assigned. We are further- 
more consenting, and we grant, that the said sheriff or bailiff, who, the 
said wool not being delivered at the place and time assigned, shall 
make distraint upon us or upon one of us, may take and have of our 
proper goods 40s. for every distraint which he may have made, and 
nevertheless that the said Cresse or his attorney be believed as to his 
said damages and expenses on his mere word, without oath or other 
burden of proof. And by way of further security for the said delivery 
faithfully to be made, we, Adam and Ralph, pledge our faith and add 
our oath, and have also deemed meet to fortify the present writing 
1 See Glossary. z 1 August. 



95 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

trorum munimine duximus roborandum. Hiis testibus : Dominis 
Hanione Haute} T n, Roberto de Ludham, tunc Justiciariis etc. ; Wil- 
lelmo de Bonevilla ; Willelmo de Billokeby ; Willelmo de Sreusb' ; et 
aliis. 



PLA-CITA RESUMPTA IN OCTABIS S. TBINITATIS PROPTER 
EXERCITUM MOTUM VERSUS WALLIAM ANNO QUINTO. 

Rot. 24, m. 2. Josceus Bundy, captus pro receptamento unius missalis furati de 
Priore Nywenhain per quendarn Christianum, socium suum, latronem, 
suspensum, et pro retonsura inonete, et quibusdani particulis argenti 
fusi per ipsurn Judeum traditis Constabulario Castri Oxonie irnpositis 
fraudulenter super Yives Le Chapelein, Judeum, Oxonie, qui hide 
recessit quietus per Curiam Regis, et de hoc, quod coram Justiciariis 
etc., apud Oxoniam, presentatum fuit per Majorem et ballivos Oxonie 
quod idem Josceus fuit publicus receptator latrociniorum et retonsor 
monete Domini Regis, et de hoc, quod est utlagatus in diversis 
comitatibus Anglie pro tallagio super ipsum assesso in Comitatu 
Cantebrigie sub nomine Joscei, filii Benedicti, venit coram Justiciariis 
etc., et totum dedicit de verbo ad verbum, et quod hide non sit 
culpabilis, ponit se super Judeos. Ideo preceptum est Constabulario 
Turris Londonie etc., quod venire faciat coram etc., in vigilia Apo- 
stolorum Petri et Pauli, xij Judeos de Oxonia, qui nunc sunt in 
Civitate Londonie, ad recognoscendum etc. Ad quern diem venit 
inquisicio per Benjamin de Oxonia, Yives Le Petit, Manserum de 
Oxonia, Benedictum le Eveske, Isaac, generum Lombardi, Josceum 
de Oxonia, Bonevie de Bedford, Josceum, filiuni Mossei, Josceum, 
filium Salle, Meir de Bruges, Isaac le Eveske, Isaac de Berkhamstede, 
Judeos, juratos ; qui dicunt, super sacramentum suum, quod quedam 
retonsura monete et particule argenti fusi posite fuerunt et sparse 
ante ostium Vives Le Chapelein in Oxonia per nianus cujusdam 
Christiani, ad procuracionem predicti Joscei, eo quod ipsum Christia- 
num locavit ad hoc faciendum pro quadam summa pecunie ; et quod 
idem Vives de eadem retonsura nee de particulis argenti fusi non est 
culpabilis. Requisiti super hoc, si eadem retonsura et argentum 
fusum fuit ipsius Joscei, et tradita prefato Christiano per eundem 
Josceum ad ibidem spargendum, dicunt, quod eadem retonsura et 
argentum fuit predicti Christiani, et non factum ipsius Joscei. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1277 05 

with the sanction of our seals. Witness : Sir Hamo Hauteyn, 
Sir Eobert de Ludham, then Justices etc. ; William de Bonneville ; 
William de Billockby ; William de Shrewsbury, and others. 



PLEAS BESUMED ON THE OCTAVE OF HOLY TBINITY BY 
EEASON OF THE ADVANCE OF THE KING'S ARMY ON 
WALES IN THE FIFTH YEAB. [a.d. 1277.] 

oxford. Joce Bundy, taken for receipt of a missal stolen from the Prior of 

Nuneham by a Christian, his accomplice in the theft, who was hanged, 
and for coin-clipping, and for that he, Joce, having fused certain 
pieces of silver, did, on their delivery to the Constable of Oxford 
Castle, falsely charge the offence upon Vives Le Chapelein, Jew, 
of Oxford, who went quit thereof by the King's Court, and for that 
before the Justices etc., at Oxford, he was presented by the Mayor and 
bailiffs as a notorious receiver of stolen goods and a clipper of our Lord 
the King's coin, and for that he is outlawed in divers counties of 
England for default in payment of talliage assessed upon him in the 
County of Cambridge under the name of Joce, son of Benedict, comes 
before the Justices etc., and denies all of it word by word, and as to 
his innocence thereof, puts himself upon Jews. 1 So the Constable 
of the Tower of London is commanded, that he cause to come before 
etc., on the vigil of the Apostles Peter and Paul, twelve Jews of Oxford, 
who are now in the City of London, to recognise etc. On which day 
the inquest came by Benjamin of Oxford, Vives Le Petit, Manser of 
Oxford, Benedict le Eveske, Isaac, son-in-law of Lumbard, Joce 
of Oxford, Bonevie of Bedford, Joce, son of Moses, Joce, son of Salle, 
Meir of Bridgnorth, Isaac le Eveske, Isaac of Berkhamsted, Jews ; 
who, being sworn, say upon their oath, that some coin-clippings and 
pieces of fused silver were strewn in front of the door of Vives Le 
Chapelein at Oxford by a certain Christian, who was hired for the 
purpose by the said Joce with a sum of money ; and that the said 
Vives is not guilty either of clipping the coin or of fusing the pieces of 
silver. Asked whether the said clipped coin and fused silver belonged 
to him, Joce, and were by him given to the said Christian to strew in the 
place aforesaid, they say, that the said coin-clippings and fused silver 
belonged to the said Christian, and were not the work of him, Joce. 

1 Because the main issue is a charge tion, p. xiii, as to the qualified autonomy of 
against one of his own race. Cf. Introduc- the Jewry. 



96 SCACCAKIUM JUBEORUM 

ib. m . 2, Cum Josceus Bundy, Judeus, allocutus fuisset de diversis trans- 

oxon. gressionibus per ipsum factis contra pacem etc., et testatum fuit 

coram Justiciariis, quod non gerebat se Judaice, nee secundum Legem 
Moysis vixit, petitum fuit ab eo per Justiciaries etc. utrum se voluit 
tenere ad Legem Christianam vel Judaicam ; et ipse peciit super hoc 
inducias respondendi a die Veneris usque ad diem Lune proximo 
sequentem. Et quia testatum fuit per Magistros Legis eorum et per 
totam communitatem Judeorum, quod, si aliquis Judeus requisitus 
fuisset a quocumque, cujus Legis fuisset, et ipse incontinenti nisi 
respondisset, quod est Judeus, de cetero inter eos non teneretur pro 
Judeo ; ideo dicunt, quod non est Judeus, nee alicujus Legis ; propter 
quod testantur, quod omnia catalla sua sunt forisfacta ad opus Eegis. 
Ideo de catallis suis inquisitum est per sacramentum Benedicti de 
Wintonia et Bonevie de Oxonia. Habuit catalla, quando captus fuit, ad 
valenciam xxxl., de quibus devenerunt ad manus Isaac de Kaune 
xx 1., et ad manus Meirot, fratris uxoris predicti Joscei, x 1. Ideo 
preceptum est Vicecomiti, quod capiat predictos Judeos, ita quod 
habeat corpora eorum coram etc. apud Salopiam a die S. Michaelis in 
xv dies etc. Et predictus Josceus interim committetur prisone etc. 

ib.m.5, Memorandum, quod Magister Elias, filius Magistri Mossei, et 

'lTiki'. Cresseus, filius suus, venerunt coram etc., et protulerunt breve Begis 

de Magno Sigillo in hec verba : — Edwardus, Dei gratia etc., Justiciariis 
etc. : — Sciatis quod concessimus Magistro Elie, filio Mossei, et Cresseo, 
filio ejusdem Elie, Judeis, Londonie, quod dare possint coram vobis 
quibuscumque Judeis voluerint potestatem faciendi attornacionem 
loco ipsorum Elie et Cressei, ad lucrandum vel perdendum, in omnibus 
placitis et querelis Judaismum nostrum contingentibus, pro ipsis vel 
contra ipsos motis vel movendis coram vobis, a die S. Michaelis 
proximo futuro usque ad festum Pasche proximo sequens. Et ideo 
vobis mandamus, quod illos Judeos, quibus iidem Elias et Cresseus 
potestatem illam dederint, coram vobis loco ipsorum Elie et Cressei 
ad hoc admittatis, sicut predictum est. Teste Me ipso apud Win- 
desoram iij die Junii anno regni nostri quinto. 



ib. m. 6. 

Loud. 

Oxon. 



Josceus, filius Pigge, Judeus, attachiatus ad respondendum Abbati 
de Persore de placito falsitatis cujusdam carte, et unde queritur, 
quod cum nullus abbas umquam fuisset in domo ilia qui umquam 
vocaretur Elias, idem Josceus imam cartam sub nomine cujusdam 
Elie, abbatis, fieri fecit in hec verba : — Omnibus Christi fidelibus, 
ad quos presentes littere pervenerint, ego, Elias, Abbas de Persore 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1277 96 

Whereas Joce Bundy, Jew, was taxed with divers trespasses by 
him done against the peace etc., and it was witnessed before the 
Justices, that he lived not after the manner of a Jew, nor according to 
the Law of Moses, he was asked by the Justices etc., whether he was 
minded to cleave to the Christian or to the Jewish Law ; and he craved 
respite for his answer from Friday to the Monday next following. 
And as it was witnessed by the Masters of the Law and the entire 
community of the Jews, that, if any Jew were by any one asked, of what 
Law he was, and did not forthwith answer, that he was a Jew, he would 
thenceforth no more be held by them as a Jew ; therefore they say, 
that he is no Jew, nor of any Law ; for which cause they witness, that 
all his chattels are forfeit to the use of the King. So inquest is had of 
his chattels by oath of Benedict of Winchester and Bonevie of Oxford, 
who find, that, when he was taken, he had chattels to the value of £30, 
of which £20 came to the hands of Isaac of Calne, and £10 to the 
hands of Meirot, brother of the said Joce's wife. So the Sheriff is 
commanded, that he arrest the said Jews, so that he have their bodies 
before etc. at Shrewsbury on Michaelmas quindene etc. And the 
said Joce is in the meantime to be committed to prison etc. 

Be it had in remembrance, that Master Elias, son of Master 
Moses, and Cresse, his son, came before etc., and produced a writ of 
the King under the Great Seal to the effect following : — Edward, by 
the grace of God etc., to his Justices etc : — Know that We have 
granted to Master Elias, son of Moses, and Cresse, son of the said 
Elias, Jews, of London, that to any Jews whomsoever, as they may be 
so minded, they may give power to act as the attorneys of them, Elias 
and Cresse, for loss or gain, in all pleas and plaints touching our Jewry, 
which are or may be in process for or against them before you, from 
Michaelmas next until Easter next following. And therefore We com- 
mand you, that the Jews, to whom the said Elias and Cresse shall have 
given that power, you admit to that office before you in the place, as 
aforesaid, of them, Elias and Cresse. Witness Myself at Windsor on 
the 3rd day of June in the fifth year of our reign. 

Joce, son of Pigge, Jew, was attached to answer the Abbot of 
Per shore touching a plea of the falsity of a certain charter, whereof 
the Abbot complains, that, whereas there was never any abbot 
in that house who was ever called Elias, the said Joce caused 
a charter to be made under the name of a certain Abbot Elias to 
this effect :— To all liegemen of Christ, to whom this present letter 

o 



97 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

Dei gratia, salutem in Domino sempiternam : — Noverit universitas 
vestra has litteras visura, quod recepi observandas et salvandas de 
Hake, Judeo, ex Wigornia, xxxv 1. argenti, et ij m. auri ponderati, 
et Iv coclearia argentea, et iiij ciphos argenteos sine pedibus, de 
ponderacione de lx s. Hec omnia prenominata recepi de manu 
Hake, Judei, ad salvanda sibi et heredibus suis, qui istam obliga- 
cionem nobis asportaverint, et quos nos istam obligacionem nequimus 
contradicere antequam sit detracta. In hujus rei testimonium ego, 
prenominatus Elias, Abbas, et ejus loci Conventus sigilla nostra 
apposuimus. Data apud Pershoram die Jovis proxima ante festum 
B. Marie in Assumpcione anno regni Eegis Henrici xlv°. Et dicit, 
quod numquam scriptum factum fuit per aliquem abbatem ejusdem 
domus ; set sine assensu et voluntate ipsius Abbatis, vel predecessorum 
suorum, idem Judeus predictum scriptum fecit, ad dampnum suum, 
c m., et contra pacem etc. 

Predictus Josceus venit et defendit vim etc., et quicquid etc., et 
dicit, quod aliquo tempore habuit quoddam scriptum bujusmodi sigillo 
Abbatis de Persore consignatum, et illud scriptum habuit ex tradicione 
Isaac de Warrewico, Judei, et hide vocat ipsum ad warantum. Ideo 
preceptum est Constabulario Turris Londonie, quod attachiari faciat 
predictum Isaac, ita quod habeat corpus ejus coram etc. a die 
S. Johannis Baptiste in xv dies etc. Ad quern diem predictus 
Abbas venit per attornatum suum, et predictus Josceus similiter, 
et predictus Isaac non venit ; et Constabularius mandavit, quod 
Sakerell et Hake Gruel, Judei, manuceperunt predictum Isaac, quern 
non habent. Ideo in misericordia. Judicium, quod distringat per 
terras etc., ita quod nee ipsi etc., et quod de exitibus etc., et quod 
habeat corpus ejus coram etc. a die S. Michaelis in unurn mensem 
etc. Et preceptum est Yicecomiti Wigorn', quod venire faciat vj 
milites et xij alios etc., ad recognoscendum super sacramentum suum, 
si umquam fuit aliquis Abbas de Persore qui vocabatur Elias. Et 
preceptum est Vicecomiti Hereford', quod venire faciat vj legales 
Judeos Herefordie, ad recognoscendum etc. ad predictum diem etc. 
Et interim predictus Josceus committitur prisone. Ad quem diem, 
scilicet, a die S. Michaelis in unum mensem, venit inquisicio per 
Willelmum Le Poor, et alios, tarn milites etc., et per Benedictum de 
"Wintonia, Isaac le Evesk', Sampsonem de Wigornia, Aaron, filium 
Hake, et Manserum, filium Joscei, Judeos. Qui dicunt super sacra- 
mentum suum, quod numquam fuit aliquis abbas in abbacia predicta 
qui vocabatur Elias. Ideo consideratum est, quod predictus Abbas, 
quoad debitum contentum in predicto scripto, sit quietus. Et pre- 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1277 97 

may come, I, Elias, by God's grace Abbot of Pershore, health in the 
Lord for ever : — Know all of you, that may see this letter, that I 
have received from Hak, Jew, of Worcester, for safe keeping, £35 
of silver, and 2 marks' weight of gold, and 55 silver spoons, and 4 
silver bowls without feet, of the weight of 60s. All the aforenamed 
things I have received from Hak, the Jew, to keep for him and his 
heirs, who shall bring to us this obligation which we cannot dispute 
until it be cancelled. In witness hereof, I, Elias aforenamed, Abbot, 
and the Convent of this place have affixed our seals. Given at 
Pershore on the Thursday next before the feast of Blessed Mary in 
Assumption in the forty-fifth year of the reign of King Henry. And 
he says, that the writing was never the deed of any abbot of the said 
house ; but without the assent and consent of him, the Abbot, or of 
his predecessors, the said Jew made the said writing, to his damage, 
100 marks, and against the peace etc. 

The said Joce comes and defends the force etc., and whatever etc., 
and says, that at one time he had such a writing sealed with the seal 
of this Abbot of Pershore, and that writing he had by delivery from 
Isaac of Warwick, Jew, whereof he vouches him to warranty. There- 
fore the Constable of the Tower of London is commanded, that he 
cause the said Isaac to be attached, so that he have his body before 
etc. on the quindene of St. John the Baptist etc. On which day came 
the said Abbot by his attorney, and the said Joce likewise, and the 
said Isaac did not come ; and the Constable sent word, that Sakerell 
and Hak Gruel, Jews, mainperned the said Isaac, and have him not. 
Therefore in mercy. Judgment, that he distrain by lands etc., so 
that neither they etc., and that of the issues etc., and that he have 
his body before etc. a month after Michaelmas etc. And the Sheriff 
of Worcestershire is commanded, that he cause to come six knights 
and twelve other etc., to recognise upon their oath, if there ever was any 
Abbot of Pershore who was called Elias. And the Sheriff of Hereford- 
shire is commanded, that he cause to come six lawful Jews of Hereford, 
to recognise etc. on the day aforesaid etc. And in the meantime the 
said Joce is committed to prison. On which day, to wit, a month 
after Michaelmas, came the inquest by William Le Poer, and others, 
as well knights as etc, and by Benedict of Winchester, Isaac le 
Eveske, Sampson of Worcester, Aaron, son of Hak, and Manser, son 
of Joce, Jews. Who say upon their oath, that there never was any 
abbot in the said abbey who was called Elias. Therefore it is adjudged, 
that the said Abbot be quit as to the debt contained in the said 
writing. And the Sheriff of Worcestershire is commanded, that he 



98 SCACCARIUM JTJDEORUM 

ceptum est Vicecomiti Wigorn', quod ipetim de predicto debito non 
distringat. Et preceptum est Vicecomiti Warrew', quod capiat 
Josceum Pigge, et Constabulario Turn's Londonie, quod capiat pre- 
dictum Isaac de Warrewico, ita quod habeant corpora eorum coram 
etc. a die S. Hillarii in xv dies etc. 

to. m - 7 - Per breve Domini Eegis de Magno Sigillo Justiciariis directum in 

L3yc. Warr, ° ° ° 

hec verba : — Edwardus etc. Justiciariis etc. salutem : — Mandamus 
vobis, quod, si Johannes Maunsell, de Tyrintona, ostendere possit coram 
vobis racionabilem et sufficientem quietanciam per starrum inter 
ipsum et Haginum, filium Magistri Mossei, Judeum, confectum de 
omnibus debitis sub nominibus eorundem Johannis et Hagini, tunc 
cartas per quas idem Johannes in debitis illis tenebatur, sive in Archa 
Cirographorum Judaismi, sive in Thesauro nostro fuerint, extrahi et 
prefato Christiano liberari faciatis secundum Legem et Consuetudinem 
Judaismi nostri, et hoc pro clausura Arche predicte non omittatis, 
dum tamen starrum super quietancia ilia fuit debita hora et debito 
modo, et antequam catalla ipsius Judei capi fecimus in manum nos- 
tram, factum fuisset. Teste Me ipso apud Windesoram xxv° die Maii 
anno regni nostri quinto. 

Inquisita fuit Veritas de quodam starro, quod predictus Johannes 
protulit, in hec verba : — Haginus de Lincolnia recognovit per 
starrum suum, quod Johannes Maunsell, de Tyrintona, et heredes 
sui quieti sunt de ipso Hagino, et heredibus suis, de uno debito c 1. 
sub nominibus predictorum Johannis et Hagini, et de omnibus aliis 
debitis, demandis, querelis et plegagiis, que idem Johannes vel heredes 
sui debuerunt predicto Hagino vel heredibus suis, a principio seculi 
usque ad finem ; et si carta, tallia, vel aliquod aliud instrumentum 
infra Archam Cirographorum vel extra inveniantur, ubicunque fuerint, 
idem Haginus recognovit, pro se et heredibus suis, quod quieta sint et 
nichil valeant. Et istam quietanciam fecit ei idem Haginus pro 1 1., 
quas de predicto Johanne recepit pre manibus, actam in crastino S. 
Johannis Baptiste anno regni Piegis Edwardi primo. Que quidem 
inquisicio facta fuit per Salamonem Bunting, Sampsonem, filium 
Vives, Cressandin, Isaac de Oxonia, Diei le Eveske, Josceum Le 
Levere, Manserum le Eveske, Manserum La Pape, Eliam de Corn- 
hull', Benedictum, filium Cok', Isaac le Eveske, Gamaliel de Oxonia, 
et Aaron Crespin, Judeos. Qui dicunt super sacramentum suum, quod 
prefatus Haginus fecit predicto Johanni predictum starrum in cras- 
tino S. Johannis Baptiste anno primo. Et insuper dictus Judeus 
recognovit idem starrum. Et quia attinctum est per inquisicionem 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.I). 1277 98 

distrain him not for the said debt. And the Sheriff of Warwickshire 
is commanded, that he take Joce Pigge, and the Constable of the 
Tower of London is commanded, that he take the said Isaac of War- 
wick etc., so that the}' have their bodies before etc. on Hilary quin- 
dene etc. 

By writ of our Lord the King under the Great Seal addressed to 
the Justices to the effect following: — Edward etc. to his Justices etc. 
greeting :— We command you, that if John Mansel, of Torrington, be 
able to show before you by starr made between him and Hagin, son 
of Master Moses, Jew, reasonable and adequate quittance of all debts 
under the names of the said John and Hagin, then, whether the 
charters by which the said John was bound in those debts be in the 
Chirograph-Chest of Jewry, or in our Treasury, you do cause the 
same to be taken out and delivered to the said Christian according to 
the Law and Custom of our Jewry, and this omit not by reason of 
the closure of the said Chest, provided the starr of that quittance 
was made in due time and form, and before We caused the Jew's 
chattels to be taken into our hand. Witness Myself at Windsor on 
the 25th day of May in the fifth year of our reign. 

Inquest was made of the truth touching a starr, which the said John 
produced, to the effect following :— Hagin of Lincoln acknowledged by 
his starr, that John Mansel, of Torrington, and his heirs are quit as to 
him, Hagin, and his heirs, of a debt of £100 under the names of the said 
John and Hagin, and of all other debts, demands, claims, and pled- 
geries, for which the said John or his heirs is or may be answerable 
to the said Hagin or his heirs, from the beginning to the end of the 
world ; and if charter, tally, or any other instrument be found within 
or without the Chirograph-Chest, the said Hagin, for himself and his 
heirs, acknowledges that, wherever it be found, it is quit and of no 
validity. And the said Hagin, for £50 paid to him in hand by the 
said John, made him this quittance, dated on the morrow of St. John 
the Baptist in the first year of the reign of King Edward. And this 
inquest was made by Solomon Bunting, Sampson, son of Vives, 
Cressandin, Isaac of Oxford, Diaia le Eveske, Joce Le Levere, 
Manser le Eveske, Manser La Pape, Elias of Cornhill, Benedict, son 
of Cok, Isaac le Eveske, Gamaliel of Oxford, and Aaron Crespin, 
Jews. Who say upon their oath, that the said Hagin made the said 
starr in favour of the said John on the morrow of St. John the 
Baptist in the first year. And moreover the said Jew acknowledged 
the said starr. And because it is attaint by that inquest that the 



99 SCACCAEIUxM JUDECTRUM 

illam quod predictum starrum factum fuit die predicto, quod fuit ante 
quam tallagium fuisset assessum super Judeos Anglie, eo quod tallagium 
fuit assessum in anno regni Eegis Edwardi predicti secundo, pro quo 
quidem tallagio catalla ilia fuerunt capta in manum Eegis ; ideo con- 
sideratum est, quod predicta carta c 1., que capta fuit in manum Eegis 
pro eodem tallagio, predicto Johanni liber etur quiete dampnata etc. 



ib.m.7, Cum Donrinus Rex peteret versus Aaron Crespin, Judeum, medie- 

Londl tatem unius messuagii, cum pertinenciis, in Londonia, quod fuit cu- 

jusdam Melkane, converse, et quod l idem Dominus Eex exigebat 
occasione conversionis ipsius Melkane, et idem Aaron vocaret ad 
warantum Haginum, filium Magistri Mossei, Judeum, et idem 
Haginus invenisset et inde vocasset ad warantum Jorninum, filium 
Abrahe, Judeum, et placitum inde cessasset ad hunc diem, videlicet, 
ad quindenam S. Johannis Baptiste, occasione exercitus Domini Eegis 
moti versus Walliam ; predictus Aaron venit coram etc., et protulit 
quoddam breve Domini Eegis in hec verba :— Edwardus, Dei gratia 
etc., Justiciariis etc. : — Monstravit Nobis Aaron Crespin, Judeus, 
Londonie, quod, cum placitum sit coram vobis inter Nos et ipsum 
Aaron de medietate unius messuagii, cum pertinenciis, in Civitate 
Londonie, quam ab eo exigimus tanquam eschaetam nostram, racione 
conversionis Melkane, uxoris Sakerell, Judei, Londonie, adhuc Judei 
superstitis, idem Aaron super hoc vexatur indebite, pro eo, maxime, 
quod predicta Melkana numquam fuerat conversa ; et quia predicto 
Aaron super premissis nolumus injuriari, vobis mandamus, qnod, si per 
inquisicionem, vel alio modo legitimo, vobis constare poterit predictam 
Melkanam conversam non esse, et Nos alia racione medietatem 
messuagii predicti clamare non possumus, nisi racione conversionis 
predicte, et idem Aaron confirmacionem Domini Henrici Eegis, 
patris nostri, Hagino, filio Magistri Mossei, Judeo, super empcionem 
medietatis messuagii predicti confectam vobis ostenderit, a quo 
quidem Hagino predictus Aaron predictam medietatem messuagii 
predicti emit, ut dicitur ; tunc prefato Aaron de placito predicto 
pacem habere permittatis, et hoc, licet idem Aaron predictum Ha- 
ginum inde vocaverit ad warantum, non omittatis. Teste Me ipso 
apud Windesoram xxv° die Maii anno regni nostri v°. Cujus quidem 
tenore mandati preceptum fuit Vicecomitibus Londonie, quod venire 
facerent coram etc., xij etc. de Civitate Londonie, et xij legales Judeos, 

1 Sic : but, as subsequently appears, the King in fact claimed only half the messuage. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1277 90 

said starr was made on the said day, to wit, before the talliage had been 
assessed upon the Jews of England, which talliage was assessed in the 
second year of the reign of the said King Edward, for which talliage 
those chattels were taken into the King's hand ; therefore it is 
adjudged, that the said charter for £100, which was taken into the 
King's hand for the said talliage, be delivered to the said John quit 
and cancelled etc. 

Whereas our Lord the King claimed against Aaron Crespin, 
Jew, the moiety of a messuage with appurtenances in London, 
which belonged to one Melkana, a convert, and which our said 
Lord the King claimed by reason of her, Melkana's, conversion, and 
the said Aaron vouched to warranty Hagin, son of Master Moses, 
Jew, and the said Hagin had found and vouched to warranty thereof, 
Jornin, son of Abraham, Jew, and the plea thereof had been adjourned 
to this day, to wit, the quindene of St. John the Baptist, by reason of 
the advance of our Lord the King's army towards Wales ; the said 
Aaron came before etc., and produced a writ of our Lord the King to 
this effect :— Edward, by the grace of God etc., to the Justices etc. : — 
Aaron Crespin, Jew, of London, has shown Us that, whereas there is a 
plea before you between Us and him, Aaron, touching the moiety of 
a messuage, with appurtenances, in the City of London, which We 
demand of him as our escheat, by reason of the conversion of Melkana, 
wife of Sakerell, Jew, of London, the Jew being still alive, the said 
Aaron is in this matter harassed without due cause, most especially 
by reason that the said Melkana was never converted ; and since We 
are unwilling that wrong be done to the said Aaron in the premises, 
We command you, that, if by inquest, or in any other lawful way, 
you may be satisfied that the said Melkana is not converted, and 
that We are not able to claim the moiety of the said messuage for 
any other cause, save only the conversion aforesaid, and the said 
Aaron shall have shown you our father King Henry's confirmation, 
made, upon purchase of the moiety of the said messuage, to Hagin, 
son of Master Moses, Jew, from which Hagin the said Aaron 
bought, so it is said, the said moiety of the said messuage ; then you 
permit the said Aaron to have peace touching the said plea, and this 
omit not, though the said Aaron may have vouched the said Hagin 
to warranty. Witness Myself at Windsor on the 25th day of May 
in the fifth year of our reign. In pursuance of which mandate the 
Sheriffs of London were commanded, that they cause to come before 
etc., twelve etc. of the City of London, and twelve lawful Jews, to re- 



100 SCACCARIUM JUDEOROI 

ad recognoscenduin veritatem in preinissis. Que quidem inquisicio 
venit per Eobertum Hauteyn, Willelmum Knight, Galfridum Le 
Batur, Eobertum Le Crespin, Johannem Le Batur, Bogerum Le 
Chaundeler, Johannem Attechirche, Thomarn Le Pundur, Thomani de 
La Cornere, Johannem Le Cofrer, Eobertum Senehod, et Yrynot Le 
Bokeler, Christianos ; et per Salamonem Bunting, Sampsonem, filium 
Yives, Cressandin, Isaac de Oxonia, Diei le Eveske, Manserum le 
Eveske, Joceum Le Levere, Manserum La Pape, Eliam de Cornhill', 
Benedictum, filium Cok, Isaac le Eveske, et Gamaliel de Oxonia, 
Judeos. Qui dicunt super sacramentum suum, quod predicta Mel- 
kana numquam fuit Christiana nee conversa, set a tempore nativitatis 
sue Judea fuit, et adhuc est. Ideo consideratum est, quod Dominus 
Bex nichil capiat per breve istud, set predictus Aaron predictum 
messuagium in pace retineat. 



DE TEBMINO S. MICHAELIS ANNO QUINTO INCIPIENTE 
SEXTO. 

not. dg, Cum Samuel, films Sampsonis, et Genta, uxor ejus, exigerent de 

m. 3, dorso. ' L ' ' J > to 

Dorset. Bicardo de Loverle, et Joscea, uxore ejus, sicut patet in Termino 
Pasche proximo preterito, occasione enjusdam partis terrarum que 
fuerunt Willelmi Poynz, quam tenent, xxvm., et iidem Bicardus et 
Joscea venerunt coram Justiciariis et recognoverunt se esse tenentes 
quandam partem terrarum que fuerunt predicti Willelmi, et per 
auxiliam Curie vocaverunt ad warantum Johannem, filium Willelmi 
Befegeray, qui ipsos inde acquietare debet, ut dicunt ; propter quod 
preceptum fuit Yicecomiti Somersete et Dorsete, quod ipsum venire 
faceret ad acquietandum etc. in octabis S. Trinitatis ; ad quem diem 
nichil factum fuit propter statum Wallie : ideo preceptum fuit Yice- 
comiti, quod venire faceret predictum Johannem ad acquietandum 
etc. in octabis S. Michaelis, et quod venire faceret predictos Bicardum 
et Josceam ad audiendum recordum et judicium suum in loquela 
predicta. Ad quem diem predicti Samuel et Genta per attornatum 
suum venerunt, et predicti Bicardus et Joscea non venerunt, nee 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, AD. 1277 100 

cognise the truth in the premises. Which inquest came by Robert 
Hauteyn, William Knight, Geoffrey Le Batur, Robert Le Crespin, John 
Le Batur, Roger Le Chandler, John A'Church, Thomas Le Pundur, 
Thomas La Corner, John Le Coffrer, Robert Senehod, and Vrynot 
Le Bokeler, Christians ; and by Solomon Bunting, Sampson, son of 
Vives, Cressandin, Isaac of Oxford, Diaia le Eveske, Manser le 
Eveske, Joce Le Levere, Manser La Pape, Elias of Cornhill, Benedict, 
son of Cok, Isaac le Eveske, and Gamaliel of Oxford, Jews. W 7 ho say 
upon their oath, that the said Melkana was never a Christian or a 
convert, but from the time of her birth has been and still is a 
Jewess. Therefore it is adjudged, that our Lord the King take nothing 
by this writ, but the said Aaron retain the said messuage in peace. 1 



MICHAELMAS TERM IN THE FIFTH AND THE BEGINNING 
OF THE SIXTH YEAR. [a.d. 1277-8.] 

Whereas Samuel, son of Sampson, and Genta, his wife, demanded 
from Richard de Loverley 2 and Joice, his wife, as appears in the roll 
of Easter Term last past, 25 marks, in regard of part of the lands which 
belonged to William Poinz, which they hold, and the said Richard 
and Joice came before the Justices and acknowledged, that they are 
tenants of part of the lands which belonged to the said William, and 
by aid of the Court vouched to warranty John, son of William 
Refegeray, who is bound thereof to acquit them — so they say ; for 
which cause the Sheriff of Somerset and Dorset was commanded, that 
he cause him to come to acquit them etc. on the octave of Holy 
Trinity ; on which day nothing was done by reason of the state of 
Wales : therefore the Sheriff was commanded, that he cause the said 
John to come to acquit them etc. on the octave of St. Michael, 
and that he cause the said Richard and Joice to come to hear the 
record and their judgment in the said cause. On which day the 
said Samuel and Genta came by their attorney, and the said 
Richard and Joice did not come, nor did the said John come. And 

1 The house had apparently been held entire house. Melkana had assigned her 

by Sakerell and Melkana as man and wife moiety to Hagin, after the date of her 

in joint tenancy, which would have been supposed conversion, and he in his turn 

severed by Melkana's conversion during the had assigned it to Aaron. Rot. 21 (Mich, 

lifetime of her husband, the wife's moiety 3-4 Ed. I.), m. 6, dorso ; Eot. 23 (Easter, 5 

alone escheating. Had Sakerell been the Ed. I.), m. 6. 
convert, the Crown would have claimed the - Cf. Hutchins, Dorset, 3rd ed. iii. 511. 



101 SCACCARIUM JUDEORTJM 

eciam predictus Johannes venit. Et predicti Judei petunt judicium 
de defalta predictorum Kicardi et Joscee, qui vocaverunt ad warantum 
predictum Johanneni de acquietancia predicti debiti, et de hoc, quod 
non prosequuntur versus warantum suum. Et quia iidem Ricardus 
et Joscea, qui vocaverunt ad warantum predictum Johanneni, non 
venerunt, nee prosecuti sunt versus warantum suum ; ideo con- 
sideratum est, quod predicti Judei habeant recuperare suum versus 
predictos Eicardum et Josceam de predictis xxv m. secundum Assisam 
et Consuetudinem Judaismi nostri, et predicti Ricardus et Joscea 
sint in misericordia. Et preceptum est Vicecomiti, quod habere faciat 
predictis Samueli et Gente seisinam medietatis terrarum et tenemen- 
torum que fuerunt predicti Willelmi, de quibus iidem Ricardus et 
Joscea nunc habent seisinam, et seisinam medietatis catallorum in 
eisdem terris inventorum, ad valenciam predictarum xxv m., et ipsos 
etc. quosque etc. 



PLACITA DE OCTABIS S. HILLARII ANNO SEXTO. 

Rot. 27, t Josceus, filius Deulecresse, et Leo, filius Bonenfaunt, attachiati ad 

respondendum Johanni filio Hervici, de placito transgressionis, et 
unde queritur, quod, cum idem Josceus nuper breve Regis detulisset 
Vicecomiti Norfolcie, ad habendum medietatem catallorum ipsius Jo- 
hannis pro debito quod idem Judeus ab eo exigebat, dictus Josceus una 
cum Leone, filio Bonenfaunt, Judeo, die Jovis proxima post festum 
Natalis B. Marie anno regni Regis Edwardi quinto, catalla predicti 
Johannis, apud Hemstede existencia, ad valenciam lx s. ultra 
medietatem predictam cepit et asportavit, contra Assisam et Provi- 
sionem factam de Judaismo, et ad dampnum suum, c s. 

Predictus Josceus, per attornatum suum, et Leo, filius Bonen- 
faunt, defendunt vim, etc. et bene recognoscunt, quod idem Josceus 
percepit c s. de bonis et catallis ipsius Johannis ; set dicunt, quod ea 
percepit de consensu et bona voluntate ipsius Johannis, eo quod, cum 
idem Josceus detulisset Vicecomiti predicto breve Regis, ac cum iidem 
Judei venissent cum ballivo Regis, scilicet, Johanne de Wytendona, ad 
habendum medietatem catallorum dicti Johannis pro predicto debito, 
idem Johannes non permisit, quod bona et catalla sua appreciata 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1277-8 101 

the said Jews crave judgment touching the default of the said 
Richard and Joice, in that they vouched to warranty the said John 
for the acquittance of the said debt, and do not proceed against their 
warrantor. And because the said Richard and Joice, who vouched 
to warranty the said John, have not corne and proceeded against 
their warrantor ; therefore it is adjudged, that the said Jews do 
recover the said 25 marks against the said Richard and Joice 
according to the Assize and Custom of Jewry, and that the said 
Richard and Joice be in mercy. And the Sheriff is commanded, 
that he cause the said Samuel and Genta to have seisin of the moiety 
of the lands and tenements which belonged to the said William, 
whereof the said Richard and Joice now have seisin, and also seisin 
of the moiety of the chattels found on the said lands, to the value of 
the said 25 marks, and them etc. until etc. 1 



PLEAS OF THE OCTAVE OF ST. HILARY IN THE SIXTH 
YEAR. [a.d. 1278.] 

Joce, son of Deulecresse, and Leo, son of Bonenfaunt, attached 
to answer John Fitzllervey, touching a plea of trespass, whereof 
he complains, that the said Joce, having of late brought to the 
Sheriff of Norfolk a writ of the King, to have the moiety of the 
chattels of him, John, for a debt which the said Jew claimed of him, 
the said Joce with Leo, son of Bonenfaunt, Jew, on the Thursday 
next after the feast of the Nativity of Blessed Mary in the fifth year 
of the reign of King Edward, took and carried off chattels of the said 
John, being at Hempstead, to the value of 60s., besides the moiety 
aforesaid, against the Assize and Provision 2 made touching the Jewry, 
and to his damage, 100s. 

The said Joce, by his attorney, and Leo, son of Bonenfaunt, make 
defence to the force etc. and acknowledge for sure, that the said Joce 
did get 100 shillings' worth of the goods and chattels of him, John ; but 
they say, that he got them by consent and good pleasure of him, John, 
for that when the said Joce had brought the writ of the King to the 
said Sheriff, and when the said Jews had come with the bailiff of the 
King, to wit, John de Wytendon, to have the moiety of the chattels of 
the said John for the debt aforesaid, the said John did not suffer his 

1 Pursuant to the Statute of Jewry, '-' The statute mentioned in the pre- 

3 Ed. I., 1274-5. Cf. the next case and In- ceding note, 
traduction, p. xxviii. 



102 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

essent et divisa, set de bona voluntate sua et absque aliqua dis- 
triccione liberavit eideni Judeo c s. bonorum et catallorum suorum 
sub certa forma, videlicet, quod si idem Johannes solveret eidem Judeo 
c s. infra certum terminum ad hoc inter eos provisum et assignatum, 
videlicet, infra proximum Comitatum tentum apud Norwicum post 
predictum diem Jovis, tunc idem Judeus predicta bona et catalla 
retornaret, et eidem Johanni rehabere faceret ; et hoc offert etc. 

Predictus Johannes dicit, quod dictus Judeus numquam de 
consensu vel bona voluntate sua predicta catalla percepit, nee um- 
quam sub forma predicta predicta bona et catalla eidem Judeo liberavit ; 
et de hoc ponit se super patriam. Et predicti Judei similiter. Ideo 
preceptum est Vicecomiti, quod venire faciat coram etc., a die Pasche 
in xv dies etc., xij etc., tarn Christianos quarn Judeos etc., qui nulla 
affinitate etc., ad recognoscendum etc., nisi Hamo Hauteyn vel 
Eobertus de Ludham interim etc. 



Eobertus Eynel fecit venire Mosseum, filium Jacobi, cum ciro- 
grapho, tallia etc. ad compotum etc. Predictus Judeus venit et 
exigit ab eodem Eoberto iiij sx l., et xl 1. de lucro, per quandam cartam 
dictum debitum continentem, in hec verba : — Noverint universi quod 
ego, Eobertus Eynel, de Crendon in Comitatu Bukingham', debeo Bene- 
dicto, filio Jacobi, de Oxonia, Judeo, quater xx 1. sterlingorum, eidem 
reddendas ad festum Pentecostes anno regni Eegis Edwardi, filii 
Eegis Henrici, secundo, et si tunc illas non reddidero, debeo ei 
singulis septimanis pro qualibet libra ij d. de lucro, quamdiu per 
gran turn ejus illas tenuero ; et ideo invadiavi ei omnes terras meas, 
tenementa et redditus etc. : actum die Innocentium anno predicto. 

Predictus Eobertus dicit, quod predictum cirographum est factum 
suum, et nichil potest, quin teneatur in predictis iiii xx 1., set quoad pre- 
dictum lucrum dicit, quod predictus Judeus nullum lucrum exigere 
potest, eo quod dictum cirographum captum fuit pro tallagio ipsius 
Judei, et remansit in Thesauro Eegis a tempore quo dictum lucrum 
emersisse debuit usque ad diem quo, per Statuta Eegis de Judaismo, 
inhibitum fuit ne usure caperentur per quoscunque Judeos. 

Et predictus Judeus dicit, quod, licet predictum debitum in manum 
Eegis fuisset captum pro tallagio ipsius Judei, tamen idem debitum 
non fuit proprium debitum Eegis, set tantum vadium suum pro dicto 
tallagio ; propter quod sibi videtur, quod ei nocere non debet capcio 
ipsius debiti in manum Eegis, quin usuram capere debeat de tempore 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1378 102 

goods and chattels to be appraised and divided, but of his good plea- 
sure and without any distraint delivered 100 shillings' worth of his 
goods and chattels to the said Jew under a certain condition, to wit, 
that, if the said John should pay the said Jew 100s. before a 
certain term therefor provided and assigned between them, to wit, 
before the next County Court held at Norwich after the said Thursday, 
then the said Jew should return the said goods and chattels, and 
cause the said John to have them again ; and this he offers etc. 

The said John says, that the said Jew never got the said chattels 
by his consent or good pleasure, nor did he ever deliver the said 
goods and chattels to the said Jew under the condition aforesaid ; 
and touching this he puts himself upon the country. And the said 
Jews likewise. Therefore the Sheriff is commanded, that he cause to 
come before etc., on Easter quindene etc., twelve etc., as well 
Christians as Jews etc., who by no affinity etc., to recognise etc., 
unless Hamo Hauteyn or Eobert de Ludham in the meantime etc. 

Kobert Rynel caused Moses, son of Jacob, to come with chiro- 
graph, tally etc. to account etc. The said Jew comes and demands 
of the said Robert £80, and £40 interest, by a certain charter con- 
taining the said debt, to this effect : — Know all that I, Robert Rynel, 
of Crendon in the County of Buckingham, owe Benedict, son of 
Jacob, of Oxford, Jew, £80 sterling, payable at Pentecost in the 
second year of the reign of King Edward, son of King Henry, and if 
I shall then make default, I owe him week by week for each pound 
two pence of interest, as long as I shall hold them by his grant ; and 
so I have given him in gage all my lands, tenements and rents etc. : 
done on Innocents' Day in the year aforesaid. 

The said Robert says, that the said chirograph is his deed, and he 
cannot deny, that he is bound in the said £80, but as to the said 
interest he says, that the said Jew cannot claim any interest, for that 
the said chirograph was taken for his, the Jew's, talliage, and remained 
in the King's Treasury from the time when that interest should have 
arisen to the day when, by the King's Statutes of Jewry, 1 usury was 
forbidden to be taken by any Jew whomsoever. 

And the said Jew says that, though the said debt was taken into 
the King's hand for his, the Jew's, talliage, yet the said debt was not 
a debt owing to the King himself, but was only his gage for the said 
talliage ; for which cause he deems, that the taking of the debt into 
the King's hand ought not to disadvantage him so as that he should 
1 The same statute, the several enactments being reckoned each a statute. 



103 SCACCAEIUM JUDEOKUM 

supradicto ; et de hoc ponit se super discrecionem Justiciariorum. 
Et quia satis liquet ex cognicione dicti Judei, quod predictum debitum 
captum fuit in manuni Regis pro tallagio ipsius Judei, positum fuit 
in Thesauro Regis apud Westnionasteriuui, et infra Thesaurum fuit per 
multum tempus, quo tempore nulla usura emergere potuit ; ideo con- 
sideration est, quod predictus Judeus nichil usure capiat de tempore 
predicto, set quod habeat usuram a die quo predictum debitum solvisse 
debuit usque ad capcionem ejusdem debiti in manum Regis, a die quo 
dicta carta liberata fuit predicto Judeo usque ad diem confectionis 
predicti Statuti. 



PLACITA DE MENSE ET QUINQUE SEPTIMANIS PASCHE. 
Rot. 29, Frater Henricus de "Wynepol, unus de Conventu Fratrum de Monte 



OXlill. 



Carmel, Oxonie, venit coram etc., et exigit nomine Fratrum predictorum 
de Margarina, Judea, Oxonie, que presens fuit, tres libros eidem Judee 
per ipsos Fratres invadiatos, videlicet, Epistolas Pauli glosatas, precii 
xl s., Matheum glosatum, precii vij s., et Sententias, 1 precii x s. ; quos 
injuste detinet ad dampnum ipsorum Fratrum, xx 1. 

Et predicta Margarina venit sine brevi et defendit etc. et precise 
dixit, quod hujusmodi libros numquam habuit de eisdem Fratribus, 
nee habet, nee aliquos alios libros ; et de hoc ponit se super patriam. 
Et predicti Fratres, quod eadem Margarina predictos libros habuit, 
ponunt se similiter super patriam. Ideo preceptum est Vicecomiti, 
quod per sacramentum etc. xij, tam Christianorum etc., inquirat etc., 
et inquisicionem etc. scire faciat etc. a die S. Johannis in xv dies etc. 
Ad quern diem retornata fuit inquisicio, in qua continetur, quod 
Christiani et Judei concordare non potuerunt, quia Christiani dicunt, 
quod prefati Fratres invadiarunt prefate Margarine libros quos ab 
ipsa petunt, set precium eorundem ignorant, et Judei dicunt con- 
trarium. Et quia Justiciarii recordantur, quod dicta Margarina coram 
eis recognovit, quod predictos libros a dictis Fratribus in vadium 

1 Doubtless the theological treatise, so entitled, by Peter Lombard. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1278 103 

not take usury for the time aforesaid ; and touching this he puts him- 
self upon the discretion of the Justices. And since it is quite plaii 
from the acknowledgment of the said Jew that the said debt was taken 
into the King's hand for his, the Jew's, talliage, was placed in the 
King's Treasury at Westminster, and was in the Treasury for a long 
time, during which time no usury could arise ; therefore it is adjudged, 
that the said Jew take no usury of the time aforesaid, but that he 
have usury from the day when the debtor ought to have paid the debt 
until the debt was taken into the King's hand, and from the day 
when the said charter was delivered to the said Jew until the day 
when the said Statute was made. 1 



EASTER MONTH AND FIVE WEEKS. 

Brother Henry de Wimpole, one of the Brothers of the Convent of 
Mount Carmel at Oxford, comes before etc. and in the name of the 
Brotherhood aforesaid demands from Margarina, Jewess, of Oxford, 
who was present, three books pledged to her by the Brotherhood, to 
wit, St. Paul's Epistles with glosses, value 40s., St. Matthew with 
glosses, value 7s., and the Sentences with glosses, value 10s. ; which 
books she unlawfully detains against the Brotherhood, to their damage, 
£20. 

And the said Margarina came without writ and defended etc. 
and said in set terms, that she never had any such books from the 
said Brothers, nor has them, or any other books ; and as to this she 
puts herself upon the country. And that the said Margarina had the 
said books, thereof the said Brothers likewise put themselves upon 
the country. So the Sheriff is commanded, that by oath etc. of 12, 
as well Christians etc., he inquire etc., and notify the inquest etc. on 
the quindene of St. John etc. On which day return was made of the 
inquest, in which it is recorded, that the Christians and Jews were 
not able to agree, since the Christians say, that the said Brothers gave 
the said Margarina the books which they claim, in pledge, but they 
do not know their value, and the Jews say the contrary. And 
because the Justices record, that the said Margarina acknowledged 
before them, that she received the said books from the said Brothers 

1 The debtor had evidently overstated introduce a measure of equity into the 

his case. The debt had not been taken administration of justice. As only the 

into the King's hand quite so early or re- principal money was applicable ' ad opus 

mained in the King's hand quite so long as Regis,' the accruer of interest 'ad opus 

he had represented. The contention of the Judasi ' ought not to have been affected. 
Jew is interesting as an early attempt to 



104 SCACCAKIOI JUDEORUM 

recepit, et postea per lapsum temporis eos vendidit, preceptum est 
Viceconiiti, quod per sacramentum etc., tarn Christianorum quam 
Judeorum, per quos etc., diligenter inquirat, quantum singuli libri 
valuerint tempore invadiacionis predicte, et inquisicionem etc. scire 
faciat Justiciariis etc. in crastino S. Jacobi. Ad quern diem partes 
venerunt. Et Vicecomes mandavit, quod retornavit breve ballivis 
Liber tatis Oxonie, qui nichil hide fecerunt. Et ideo preceptum est ei, 
quod non omittat propter Libertatem etc., quin earn etc., et inquirat 
etc., ut supra, et inquisicionem etc. habeat coram etc. a die 
S. Michaelis in xv dies etc. 



Isabella de Lokerle appellat Cresseum, filium Lumbardi, de 
Windesora, quod cum ipsa Isabella, in pace Dei et Eegis, fuisset 
in Wiltonia die Jovis proxima post festum S. Mathei Apostoli, hora 
ignitegii, anno regni Eegis nunc sexto, et per vicum de Eastrete 
in parte orientali pontis do Halbrigge, in eadem villa, transisset, 
predictus Cresseus eandem Isabellam felonice insultavit, et earn tam- 
quam felonus depredabatur de una supertunica de blueto, furrata de 
strandling, precii xv s., et de quadam alia supertunica de viridi, furrata 
de scirell, precii vj s. ; et postea idem Cresseus, de felonia ista non 
contentus, predictam Isabellam tota vi sua in domum suam propriam 
in qua habitavit in Eastrete traxit, et ipsam invite intrare fecit in 
domum illam, et statim ipsam in quodam celario in domo sua ex 
parte orientali traxit, et tanquam felonus ipsam ad terrain prostravit, 
et guttur suum strinxit, et vi sua gambas ipsius Isabelle cum manu 
sua sinistra felonice aperuit, et ipsam ibidem, contra pacem Domini 
Regis, vi oppressit et sanguinolentam fecit ; et hoc offer t etc. 

Predictus Cresseus venit et defendit omnem feloniam etc., et quod 
in nullo inde est culpabilis, ponit se super patriam ; et predicta 
Isabella similiter. Ideo preceptum est Viceconiiti, quod venire faciat 
coram etc., a die S. Trinitatis in xv dies, xij Christianos de Wiltonia 
et xij Judeos, tarn de villa de Wiltonia quam alibi de Comitatu suo, qui 
nulla affinitate etc. ; quia tarn etc. Ad quern diem dictus Judeus venit, 
et prefata Isabella non venit. Ideo consideratum est, quod Judeus eat 
inde sine die. Et idem Judeus dat Regi pro secta sua relaxanda 
dim. m. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1278 104 

in pledge, and afterwards by reason of lapse of time sold them, therefore 
the Sheriff is commanded, that by oath etc. of twelve, as well Christians 
as Jews, by whom etc., he diligently inquire, how much each of the 
books was worth at the time when they were so given in pledge, and 
notify the inquest etc. to the Justices etc. on the morrow of St. James. 
On which day the parties came. And the Sheriff sent word, that he 
returned the writ to the bailiffs of the Liberty of Oxford, who did 
nought in execution thereof. And so he is commanded, that he 
omit not, by reason of the Liberty etc., to enter and inquire etc., as 
above, and have the inquest etc. before etc. on the quindene of St. 
Michael etc. 1 

Isabel de Lockerley appeals Cresse, son of Lumbard, of Windsor, 
for that she, Isabel, being at Wilton in the peace of God and the 
King at curfew on Thursday next after the feast of St. Matthew the 
Apostle in the sixth year of the reign of the present King, and 
being on the east side of Alburga (?) Bridge, having come through 
East Street, in the same town, the said Cresse feloniously set upon 
the said Isabel, and feloniously despoiled her of a cloak of bluet, 
trimmed with strandling - fur, value 15s., and of another cloak, to wit, 
of vert, trimmed with squirrel fur, value 6s. ; and afterwards the said 
Cresse, not content with this felony, did with all his might drag the 
said Isabel to his own house in which he dwelt in East Street, and 
did force her to enter that house, and in a cellar on the east side of 
his house did her forthwith drag and feloniously throw to the ground, 
and grip by the throat, and did feloniously with his left hand force 
her legs apart, and did there, against our Lord the King's peace, 
violate her and cause her to bleed ; and this she offers etc. 

The said Cresse comes and makes defence to all the felony etc., 

and denies, that he is guilty of any of it ; and as to this he puts 

himself upon the country ; and the said Isabel likewise. So the 

Sheriff is commanded, that he cause to come before etc., on Holy 

Trinity quindene, twelve Christians of Wilton and twelve Jews, as well 

of the town of Wilton as of the rest of his County, who by no affinity 

etc. ; because as well etc. On which day the said Jew came, and the 

said Isabel did not come. So it is adjudged, that the Jew go thereof 

without day. And the said Jew gives the King | mark for release of 

his suit. 3 

1 The omission in this case to alter the vision in question was not at this date in 

composition of the jury in accordance with force, 

the provision contained in the so-called - See Glossary. 

statute printed in Appendix V., p. lix 3 The felony was apparently corn- 
supra, is presumptive evidence that the pro- pounded. 



105 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 



DE TERMINO S. TRINITATIS. 

Rot. 30, m. s. Inquisicio facta cle terris, redditibus, domibus et aliis tene- 
ments, que Haginus, filius Magistri Mossei, habuit infra Civitatem 
Londonie tercio die Maii anno regni Eegis Edwardi tercio, per 
Eobertum de Muntpelers, Johannem Le Cofrer, et alios Christianos, 
et per Aaron de La Rye, Isaac le Eveske, et alios Judeos, prout 
patet inter inquisiciones in hoc Termino retornatas etc. Qui clicunt 
super sacramentum suum, quod predictus Haginus predictis die et 
anno habuit quoddam mesuagium in Londonia, quod se abutat super 
vicum de Colechurchstrete, versus Orientein, et super vicum de 
Ismongerelane, versus Occidentem, et super Murum Londonie versus 
Cimiterium S. Martini de Ismongerelane, versus Austrum, et super 
domos Cok, filii Hagini, que se abutant super vicum de Cattestrete, 
versus Aquilonem. Et quia suspicio habebatur super domibus predicti 
Cok quas tenet ibidem, quod essent predictis die et anno prefati Hagini, 
pro eo quod idem Haginus habuit liberum ingressum et exitum per 
medias domos prefati Cok, quas tenet, per quoddam posternum quod 
se extendit a predicto capitali mesuagio prefati Hagini, requisiti sunt, 
a quo, seu a quibus, predictus Cok feoffatus fuit de predictis domibus 
quas ibidem tenet, et si predictus Haginus feodum vel liberum tenemen- 
tum habuit in predictis domibus, quas Cok, filius ejus, modo tenet, die et 
anno supradictis. Dicunt, quod predictus Cok, filius predicti Hagini, 
feoffatus fuit de predictis domibus, quas tenet, per multum tempus ante 
diem et annum supradictos per diversas particulas quas emit de 
Deudone, filio Isaac, et Jacobo Le Clerk, et predictus Haginus num- 
quam feodum vel liberum tenementum habuit in predictis domibus, 
set quod idem Haginus ingressum et exitum habuit per medias domos 
ipsius Cok per posternum ipsius Hagini, usque ad scolas que adhuc 
sunt in predictis domibus ipsius Cok, tantummodo ex licencia et 
voluntate ipsius Cok, et non aliter. 

ib.m.9. Hake de Cantuaria et Abraham de Dorking, rettati de morte 

Mathei de Okham, interfecti in vico S. Laurentii in Judaismo, sicut 
patet inter Memoranda hujus Termini, posuerunt se super patriam, 
quod non sunt culpabiles de morte predicta ; unde venit inquisicio per 
Henricum Le Rus, Alexandrum Le Taylur, Andream Le Orfevre, et 
alios Christianos, et per Salomonem Bunting, Eliam de CornhilP, 
et alios Judeos, qui clicunt super sacramentum suum, quod predicti 
Hake et Abraham non sunt culpabiles de morte predicti Mathei. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1278 105 



HOLY TRINITY TERM. 

Inquest made touching the lands, rents, houses, and other 
tenements, which Hagin, son of Master Moses, had within the City of 
London on the third day of May in the third year of the reign 
of King Edward, by Robert de Montpelier, John Le Coffrer, and 
other Christians, and by Aaron of Rye, Isaac le Eveske, and other 
Jews, as appears among the returns of the inquests of this Term. 
Who say upon their oath, that the said Hagin on the said day in the 
said year had a messuage in London abutting upon Colechurch 
Street, towards the East, and upon Ironmonger Lane, towards the West, 
and upon London Wall towards St. Martin's Cemetery, Ironmonger 
Lane, towards the South, and upon the houses of Cok, son of Hagin, 
which abut upon Catte Street, towards the North. And whereas in 
regard to the houses there held by the said Cok it was suspected, that 
on the said day in the said year they belonged to the said Hagin, 
because the said Hagin had free ingress into and passage through and 
egress from the houses held by the said Cok, by a postern issuing from 
the said Hagin's capital messuage, they are asked, by whom, one 
or several, the said Cok was enfeoffed of the said houses there held by 
him, and whether the said Hagin had fee or free tenement in the said 
houses which Cok, his son, now holds, on the said day in the year 
aforesaid. They say, that the said Cok, son of the said Hagin, was 
enfeoffed of the said houses, which he holds, for a long time before the 
said day in the year aforesaid by several parcels which he bought from 
Deudone, son of Isaac, and Jacob Le Clerk, and the said Hagin had 
never fee or free tenement in the said houses, but that the said Hagin 
had ingress into and passage through and egress from the houses of 
him, Cok, by his, Hagin's, postern, as far as the synagogues which are 
still in his, Cok's, said houses, by his, Cok's, mere license and good 
pleasure, and no otherwise. 

Hak of Canterbury and Abraham of Dorking, charged with the 
death of Matthew of Ockham, slain in St. Laurence Lane in the 
Jewry, as appears among the Memoranda of this Term, put them- 
selves upon the country, that they are not guilty of the said death ; 
whereof the inquest came by Henry Rous, Alexander Taylor, Andrew 
Goldsmith, and other Christians, and by Solomon Bunting, Elias of 
Cornhill, and other Jews, who say upon their oath, that the said Hak 
and Abraham are not guilty of the death of the said Matthew. Asked, 



106 SCACCAEIUM JODEOKOM 

Requisiti, si scirent quis vel qui essent culpabiles de mortc predicta, 
dicunt, quod nesciunt, eo quod idem Matheus noctanter ibat solus per 
medium vicum S. Laurentii, et quidam malefactores ipsum insulta- 
verunt et vulneraverunt ; qui vixit postmodum per tres septimanas, 
qui, licet per amicos suos et vicinos sepius fuisset requisitus, qui 
ipsum sic insultarunt, confitebatur, quod hoc penitus ignorabat. Ideo 
consideratum est, quod prefati Hake et Abraham de retto mortis 
predicte sunt quieti. 



DE TEEMINO S. TRINITATIS ANNO SEPTIMO. 

Joel de Bloye, aurifaber, fecit venire Cresseum, filium Cressei, 
Judeuni, et queritur, quod ei injuste detinet unum ciphum argenteum 
deauratum, precii quinque marcarum, quem eidem Judeo hnpigno- 
ravit pro xx s., de quibus solvit eidem xvj s., et unde queritur, quod 
cum ipse exivisset ad domum dicti Judei ad solvendum quatuor 
solidos residuos ad plenam solucionem predictorum xx s. faciendam, 
idem Cresse maliciose se absentavit, in detencionem dicti vadii, ad 
dampnum ipsius Joel, xl s. 

Cresseus venit et defendit vim etc. et recognovit, se dictum 
ciphum recepisse in vadium pro xlvj s., de quibus recepit xvj s., et 
restant xxx s. solvendi de dicto debito. Et prefatus Joel dicit, quod 
non habuit super dictum vadium nisi xx s., sicut predictum est ; et de 
hoc ponit se super patriam. Et Judeus dicit, quod non debet ponere 
se super patriam de catallo suo. Et quia recognovit se recepisse 
dictum vadium per partem debiti sibi restitutam, consideratum est, 
quod Veritas in premissis inquiratur. Et preceptum est Constabulario 
Turris Londonie, quod venire faciat coram etc., die Lune proxima post 
Translacionem S. Thome Martyris, xij legales Judeos ; et preceptum 
fuit Yieecomitibus Londonie, quod venire facerent ad eundem diem xij 
probos et legales homines de visneto vici S. Laurencii, qui nulla 
affinitate etc., ad recognoscendum etc. Ad quem diem inquisicio 
venit per Johannem Le Coffrere, Martinum Le Botiler, et alios 
Christianos, sicut patet inter brevia hujus Termini retornata, qui 
quidem Christiani, propter Libertatem Londonie, onerantur de 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1279 106 

whether they knew who was or were guilty of the said death, they say, 
that they know not, by reason that the said Matthew was going by 
night alone along St. Laurence Lane, in the middle of the road, when 
certain malefactors sprang upon and wounded him ; and though he 
lived for three weeks after, and was often asked by his friends and 
neighbours, who they were that thus sprang upon him, he confessed, 
that he knew nought thereof. Therefore it is adjudged, that the 
said Hak and Abraham are quit of the charge of the said death. 



HOLY TRINITY TEEM IN THE SEVENTH YEAE. [a.d. 1279.] 

Joel of Blois, goldsmith, caused to come Cresse, son of Cresse, 
Jew, and complains, that he detains against him unlawfully a bowl 
of silver encrusted with gold, value 5 marks, which he pledged with 
the said Jew for 20s., whereof he paid him 16s., and afterwards went 
to the house of the said Jew to pay the 4s. that remained to complete 
the payment of the said 20s. ; but, so he complains, the said Cresse 
wickedly absented himself, with intent and to the effect of detaining 
the said pledge, to the damage of him, Joel, 40s. 

Cresse came and made defence to the force etc. and acknowledged, 
that he received the said bowl in pledge for 46s., whereof he 
received 16s., and there remain 30s. to be paid on account of the said 
debt. And the said Joel says, that he had the said pledge for no more 
than 20s., as aforesaid ; and as to this he puts himself upon the 
country. And the Jew says, that he is not bound to put himself 
upon the country touching his principal. 1 And because he acknow- 
ledged, that he received the said pledge for a loan which in part was 
repaid him, it is adjudged, that inquest be had of the truth in 
the premises. And the Constable of the Tower of London is com- 
manded, that he cause to come before etc., on the Monday next after 
the Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr, twelve lawful Jews ; and 
the Sheriffs of London are commanded, that they cause to come on the 
same day twelve true and lawful men of the venue of St. Laurence Lane, 
who by no affinity etc., to recognise etc. On which day the inquest 
came by John Le Coffrer, Martin Le Butler, and other Christians, as 
appears among the returns of the writs of this Term, which Christians, 
by reason of the Liberty of London, are charged with the duty of 

1 The law probably was that the princi- creditor but of the Crown, before the ease 
pal must be secured to the satisfaction of went to the country, 
the Justices, for the protection not of the 



107 SCAOCAETUM JUDEORUM 

veritate clicenda super sacramenturn quod Eegi feeerint ; et per 
Sampsoneni de Staundona, Eliam de Cornhill, et alios, Judeos, 
juratos, sicut patet inter brevia predicta. Qui dicunt super sacra- 
menturn suum, quod, cum prefatus Joel impignorasset quoddam 
firmaculum aureum, precii viij m., Cresseo, filio Cressei, pro xlvj s., 
per manum Jocei Bundi, postea dictus Joel tradidit dicto Judeo unum 
ciphum argenteum 'deauratum, precii v m., pro predictis xlvj s., et 
extraxit firmaculum predictum, et in parte solucionis predicti debiti 
idem Joel solvit prefato Judeo xvj s. tantum. Ideo consideration est, 
quod dictus Judeus teneat vadium suum donee de xxxs., qui ei a retro 
sunt, fuerit satisfactum. 



DE TEBMINO S. HILLAEII ANNO OCTAVO. 

Rot.35,m.o. Walterus de Kancia, attornatus Begine-Consortis, fecit venire 
Copinum de Troyes, mercatorem, et exigit ab eo ad opus predicte 
Begine v anulos aureos, et iij anulos aureos alios majores, cum saphiris 
et aliis lapidibus preciosis, precii x 1., quos Jacobus de Oxonia, Judeus, 
sibi tradidit custodiendos, cujus bona et catalla Bex dedit predicte 
Begine etc. 1 

Predictus Copinus venit et recognovit se recepisse de catallis pre- 
dicti Jacobi predictos anulos in vadium pro xxij s. et vj d., per talliam 
hac condicione, quod, si aliquis dictam pecuniam cum dicta tallia sibi 
defcrret, predictos anulos ei traderet ; et postea Benedictus, filius pre- 
dicti Jacobi, predictos xxij s. vj d. et dictam talliam sibi attulit, et idem 
Copinus dictos denarios recepit, et predictos viij anulos predicto Bene- 
dicto tradidit, et talliam hide confectam fregit. 

Predictus Benedictus venit et defendit totum etc. et elicit, quod 
predictos denarios cum dicta tallia hide confecta, sicut dictus Copinus 
elicit, ei non portavit, nee dictos viij anulos recepit ab eo, nee eos vidit, 
et de hoc paratus est facere etc. secundum Legem Judaismi, et vadiare 
hide dicto Copino legem ; quani statim fecit de omnibus articulis pre- 
nominatis. Ideo consideratum est, quod dictus Benedictus hide sit 
quietus, et dictus Copinus de precio dictorum viij anulorum respon- 
deat. Et quia dictus Copinus elicit, quod predictos anulos, quando ei 
impignorabantur pro predictis xxij s. vj d., vicinis suis monstravit, pre- 
ceptum est Yicecomitibus Londonie, quod venire faciant coram etc., in 



1 For default in payment of talliage, as He was a son of Master Moses, and thus 
appears from a contemporaneous record. brother of Chief Rabbi Hagin. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1280 107 

finding verdict upon the oath which they have sworn to the King ; 
and by Sampson of Standon, Elias of Cornhill, and others, Jews, 
sworn, as appears among the writs aforesaid. Who say upon their oath 
that the said Joel, having pledged a gold buckle, value 8 marks, to 
Cresse, son of Cresse, for 46s., by the hand of Joce Bundy, did after- 
wards deliver to the said Jew a bowl of silver encrusted with gold, 
value 5 marks, by way of pledge for the said 46s., and took away the 
said buckle, and in part payment of the said debt did also pay the said 
Jew 16s., and no more. So it is adjudged, that the said Jew hold his 
pledge until his claim for the 30s., which are in arrear, be discharged. 



HILARY TERM IN THE EIGHTH YEAR. [a.d. mo.] 

Walter de Kent, attorney of the Queen-Consort, caused to come 
Copin of Troyes, merchant, and demands from him to the use of the 
said Queen five gold rings, and three other gold rings of a larger size, 
set with sapphires and other precious stones, value ^10, which were 
given into his keeping by Jacob of Oxford, Jew, whose goods and 
chattels the King gave to the said Queen etc. 

The said Copin came and acknowledged, that of the chattels of 
the said Jacob he received the said rings by way of pledge for 22s. 6d., 
by tally on condition, that he should deliver the said rings to 
whoever should bring him the said money with the said tally ; and 
afterwards Benedict, son of the said Jacob, brought him the said 
22s. 6d. and the said tally, and he, the said Copin, received the said 
money, and delivered the said eight rings to the said Benedict, and 
broke the tally thereof made. 

The said Benedict comes and defends it all etc. and says, that he 
neither brought Copin the said money with the said tally thereof 
made, as the said Copin says, nor received from him the said eight 
rings, nor saw them ; and touching this he is ready to do etc. accord- 
ing to the Law of Jewry, and to wage the said Copin thereof law ; 
which he made forthwith touching all the points aforesaid. So it is 
adjudged, that the said Benedict be quit thereof, and that the said 
Copin answer for the value of the said eight rings. And because the 
said Copin says, that, when the said rings were pledged with him for 
the said 22s. 6d., he showed them to his neighbours, the Sheriffs of 
London are commanded to cause to come before etc., on the morrow of 



108 SCACOARIUM JUDEOEUM 

crastino Cinerum, xij. probos etc. de warda Nicholai de Wintonia, 1 ad 
recognoscendum etc. Ad quern diem inquisicio venit per Willelmum 
de Bosco, Thoinam Bonvin, et alios Christianos, sicut patet inter 
brevia bujus Termini retornata. Qui dicunt super sacramentum suum, 
quod predicti viij anuli non valuerunt die quo impignorati fuerunt 
nisi duas marcas. Ideo consideratum est, quod predictus Copinus 
satisfaciat predicte Kegine de predictis ij m. ; et habet diem de consensu 
Waited de Kancia usque ad xv ara Pasclie. 

Belassez, que fuit uxor Leonis, filii Preciose, fecit venire Bogerum 
de Cauz, tenentem quandam partem terrarum que fuerunt Willelmi 
de Bussey, et exigit ab eo xv 1. per cirograpbum xxviij 1. sub 
nominibus predictorum Willelmi et Leonis, reddendarum ad festum 
Pentecostes anno Begis Henrici xxvij , actum iij° die Decembris anno 
eodem, et x 1. de lucro etc. 

Predictus Bogerus venit et dicit, quod non est factum suum, et 
petit diem premeditandi, et habet a die Pasche in unum mensem etc. 

Floria, que fuit uxor Isaac de Berkhamsted, optulit se iiij die 
versus Johannem Gylle de placito debiti. Et ipse non venit. Et pre- 
ceptum fuit Yicecomitibus, quod ipsum venire facerent coram etc. ad 
liunc diem. Et Vicecomites mandant, quod predictus Johannes non 
fuit inventus in balliva sua post receptionem istius mandati. Ideo 
preceptum est eis, sicut alias, a die Pasche in xv dies etc. 

Predicta Floria venire fecit Hugonem de Bolonia, et exigit ab eo 
xx m. argenti, unum ciphum argenteum et unam supertunicam, 
sanguinei coloris, furrati, precii v m., que sibi et Agneti Le Callestere, 
matri uxoris ejus, tradidit custodienda ; que bona et catalla post 
decessum dicte Agnetis ad manus dicti Hugonis devenerunt, ut prin- 
cipalis executoris testamenti sui, et que bona et catalla Begi et ei, 
post dampnacionem dicti Isaac, viri sui, injuste detinet, ad dampnum 
suum, xm. etc. ; et petit hoc, pro Bege et se, inquiri per patriam. 

Predictus Hugo venit et defendit vim etc. et dicit, quod de dicta 
Floria et viro suo nichil recepit, ut in denariis et aliis catallis, sicut 
versus eum narrat, nee in presencia dicte Agnetis, matris uxoris sue, 
nee in absencia ejus, nee bona sua post obitum ejus ad manus suas 
dev r enerunt, nee executor testamenti ejus est ; et hoc offert veriiicari 
per patriam. Et predicta Floria, quod dicta bona et denarii ad 

1 As to the ancient practice of desig- Mun. Gildh. Lond. (Rolls Ser.) i. 34. 
nating wards by the names of aldermen see 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1280 108 

Ash Wednesday, 12 true etc. of the ward of Nicholas de Winton, to 
recognise etc. On which day the inquest came hy William Wood, 
Thomas Bonvin, and other Christians, as appears among the returns 
of this Term's writs. Who say upon their oath, that the said eight 
rings were only worth 2 marks at the time when they were pledged. 
So it is adjudged, that the said Copin pay the said Queen the said 2 
marks ; and he has a day by consent of Walter de Kent until Easter 
quindene. 

cambr. Belassez, wife that was of Leo, son of Preciosa, caused to come 

Roger de Caux, tenant of part of the lands which belonged to William 
de Bussy, and demands from him £15 by chirograph for £28 under 
the names of the said William and Leo, payable at Pentecost in the 
27th year of King Henry, the chirograph being dated the 3rd day of 
December in the same year, and £10, interest etc. 

The said Roger comes and says, that it is not his deed, and craves 
time to consider it, and has it to Easter month etc. 

London. Floria, wife that was of Isaac of Berkhamsted, offered herself on 

the fourth day against John Gill touching a plea of debt. And he did 
not come. And the Sheriffs were commanded to cause him to 
come before etc. on this day. And the Sheriffs send word, that the 
said John was not found in their bailiwick after the receipt of this 
mandate. So mandate to them, as before, for Easter quindene. 

The said Floria caused Hugh de Boulogne to come, and demands 
from him 20 marks of silver, a silver bowl and a supertunic of blood- 
red dye, trimmed with fur, value 5 marks, which she gave to him 
and Agnes Le Callester, his wife's mother, to keep safe ; which goods 
and chattels came on the death of the said Agnes into the hands of 
the said Hugh, as the principal executor of her will, and which goods 
and chattels he now, after sentence passed on the said Isaac, her 
husband, unlawfully detains against the King and her, Floria, to her 
damage, 10 marks, etc. ; and thereof she, for the King and herself, 
craves inquest by the country. 

The said Hugh comes and makes defence to the force etc. and says, 
that from the said Floria and her husband he received nothing, in 
money and other chattels, as she counts against him, either in the 
presence of the said Agnes, his wife's mother, or in her absence, nor 
did her goods come into his hands after her death, nor is he the 
executor of her will ; and he offers that this be verified by the country. 
And the said Floria, as to her count, that the said goods and 



109 SCAOCAEIUM JUDEORUM 

inanus ejus devenerint, ut predictum est, ponit se similiter super 
patriam. Ideo preceptum est Vicecomitibus Londonie, quod venire 
faciant coram etc., a die Pasche in xv dies, xij etc. de visneto de 
Grascherich, et qui etc. ; et Constabulario Turris Londonie, quod venire 
faciat etc., ad eundein diem, xij legales Judeos, et qui etc., ad recog- 
noscendum super sacramentum suum super premissis veritatem etc. 
Ad quern diem inquisicio venit per Kicardum de Hormede, Willelmum 
de Boxle, et alios Christianos, Sampsonem de Kalee, Manserum Levi, 
et alios Judeos, sicut patet inter brevia Termini Pasche proximo 
sequentis retornata. Qui dicunt super sacramentum suum, quod 
predictus Hugo nichil habuit nee recepit de bonis predictorum Isaac 
vel Florie, nee predicta Agnes, nisi tantummodo imam ollam eneam, 
precii xvd., unum lavacrum, precii xd., unam patellam veterem, 
precii vij d., unam supertunicam de cameloto, precii v s., unam 
lintheamen et unum tapetum, precii vj d., et unum ciphum de 
mazere, precii xij d. ; que bona dicta Agnes recognita coram Justiciariis 
de bonis Judeorum dampnatorum ad inquirendum deputatis liberavit. 
Et ideo consideratum est, quod dictus Hugo hide eat quietus, et dicta 
Floria pro falso clamore in misericordia. 



DE TEEMINO PASCHE. 

Rot. 36, m. 4. Walterus de Kancia fecit venire Adam de Novo Mercato, et exigit 
ab eo tanquam attornatus Eegine-Consortis Kegis quadringentas et 
quadraginta libras, quas debet prefate Eegine de debitis Hagini, filii 
Magistri Mossei, Judei, cujus debita predicta Eegina habet ex dono 
Eegis etc. 

Et predictus Adam venit et dicit, quod Eobertus Tybetot per 
breve Eegis de Scaccario Judeorum recepit de eo c m , que sibi debent 
allocari in eodem debito. Et predictus Eobertus, qui presens fuit, 
testatur, se recepisse predictas c m. de predicto Adam, quas Eex sibi 
concessit per breve Eegis directum Justiciariis etc. Et de residuo 
protulit quoddam starrum in quo continetur, quod Haginus, films 
Magistri Mossei, perdonavit et quietavit Ade de Novo Mercato medie- 
tatem cujusdam debiti quadringentarum et quadraginta librarum sub 
nominibus ipsorum Ade et Hagini ; et unum starrum in quo con- 
tinetur, quod idem Haginus recepit quatuordecim marcas de predicto 
Adam de debitis in quibus ei tenetur ; et unum starrum in quo 
continetur, quod dictus Haginus recepit sex marcas de predicto Adam 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1280 109 

money came into his hands, as aforesaid, likewise puts herself upon 
the country. So the Sheriffs of London are commanded, that they 
cause to come before etc., on Easter quindene, 12 etc. of the venue of 
Gracechurch, and who etc. ; and the Constable of the Tower of 
London is commanded, that he cause to come etc., on the same day, 
12 lawful Jews, and who etc., to recognise upon their oath the truth 
as to the premises etc. On which day the inquest comes by Eichard 
de Hormead, William de Boxley, and other Christians, Sampson of 
Rayleigh, Manser Levi, and other Jews, as appears among the writs 
returned in Easter Term next following. Who say upon their oath, 
that neither the said Hugh nor the said Agnes had or received aught 
of the goods of the said Isaac or Floria, save only a brazen pot, 
value 15d., a ewer, value 10d., an old plate, value 7d., a supertunic 
of camelot, value 5s., a linen cloth and a carpet, value 6d., and a bowl 
of mazer-wood, value 12d. ; which goods the said Agnes acknowledged 
and delivered in the presence of the Justices assigned to make inquest 
touching the goods of condemned Jews. And so it is adjudged, that 
the said Hugh go quit thereof, and the said Floria is in mercy for a 
false claim. 



EASTER TERM. 

Walter de Kent caused to come Adam de Newmarket, and as at- 
torney of the King's Queen-Consort demands from him £440, which he 
owes the said Queen on account of the debts owing to Hagin, son of 
Master Moses, Jew, which debts the said Queen has by gift of the King 
etc. 

And the said Adam comes and says, that Robert Tybetot by writ 
of the King issuing from the Exchequer of the Jews received from him 
100 marks, which ought to be allowed him in the said debt. And 
the said Robert, who was present, witnesses, that he received from the 
said Adam the said 100 marks, which the King granted him by writ of 
the King addressed to his Justices etc. And as to the residue he, Adam, 
produced a starr in which it is contained, that Hagin, son of Master 
Moses, released and acquitted to Adam de Newmarket one moiety of 
a debt of £440 under the names of them, Adam and Hagin ; and a 
starr in which is contained, that the said Hagin received 14 marks from 
the said Adam on account of debts in which he is bound to him ; and 
a starr in which it is contained, that the said Hagin received 6 marks 
from the said Adam on account of debts which he owes him : and as 



110 SCACCARIUM JUDEOROI 

de debitis que ei debet ; et de residuo dicit, quod aliquo tempore dictus 
Haginus vendidit sibi quasdaui domos in eivitatibus Lincolnie et 
Eboraci, quas Regina cepit in manum suam, et eas hucusque retinuit, 
antequam vocatus vel summonitus fuisset super hoc responsurus ; et 
petit, quod predicta starra, juxta quod proportant, et Valencia predic- 
taruni domoruni sibi in predicto debito allocentur. 

Et predictus Walterus venit et dicit, quod prefatus Haginus 
nullum jus vel potestatem habuit vendendi predictas domos, tunc 
temporis quando eas vendidit dicto Ade, eo quod prius eas vendidit 
Stephano de Chenduit, cujus jus prefata Regina liabet modo ; per 
quod vendicio ilia nulla est et vana, nee videtur quod Valencia illarum 
domorum sibi debeat allocari ; et de starris petit tempus quando 
confecta erant. Et predictus Adam dicit, quod predicta starra 
confecta erant circa festum S. Michaelis anno regni Eegis Edwardi 
tercio. 

Et predictus Walterus venit et petit judicium, desicut in anno 
tercio omnia debita et catalla predicti Hagini capta fuerunt in manum 
Eegis, et dictus Haginus imprisonatus, ita quod nullam administra- 
cionem sen potestatem habuit de debitis vel catallis suis, per quod 
perdonacionem vel quietacionem potuit facere de predictis debitis. 

Et Haginus, qui presens fuit, venit et dicit, quod in anno tercio 
imprisonatus fuit pro quodam debito quod idem Haginus debuit 
cuidam Odino, mercatori, et postea per licenciam Domini Eegis 
deliberatus fuit a prisona, ita quod potuit loqui cum debitoribus suis, 
et debita sua de eis recipere, ad satisfaciendum predicto mercatori, et 
starra de quietancia debitorum suorum juxta voluntatem suam facere ; 
per quod videtur, quod starra ilia debent esse rata et firma. Requisi- 
tes predictus Haginus, quid habet in manu sua de licencia quam 
habuit de Eege ad perdonandum et quietandum debita sua. Et idem 
Haginus nichil habuit, seu protulit hide. Et quia attinctum est, 
quod predicta starra, que predictus Adam protulit, facta fuerunt 
tempore quo predictus Haginus nullam administracionem seu potes- 
tatem habuit de suis debitis, nee aliquo modo ea potuit tunc temporis 
perdonare, seu quietare, nee predictas domos vendere potuit; considera- 
tum est, quod predicta Eegina habeat suuin recuperare versus predic- 
tum Adam de predictis debitis, preter de predictis c m., et predictus 
Adam suuni recuperare versus predictum Haginum de tanta solucione 
predicti debiti quantam sibi fecit etc., et predictus Haginus, quia 
fraudulenter recepit predictos denarios, committitur prisone etc. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.U. 1280 110 

to the residue he says, that some time ago the said Hagin sold him 
certain houses in the cities of Lincoln and York, which the Queen took 
into her hand, in which she has since retained them, before he had 
been cited or summoned to answer touching this matter ; and he 
craves, that the said starrs, according to their purport, and the value 
of the said houses be allowed him in the said debt. 

And the said Walter comes and says, that the said Hagin had no 
right or power to sell the said houses, when he sold them to the said 
Adam, inasmuch as he had already sold them to Stephen de Chenduit, 
whose right the said Queen now has ; for which cause that sale is 
null and void, and it does not appear that the value of those houses 
ought to be allowed him ; and touching the starrs he craves to know 
the time when they were made. And the said Adam says, that the 
said starrs were made about Michaelmas in the third year of the reign 
of King Edward. 

And the said Walter comes and craves judgment, for that in the 
third year all the debts owing to and chattels of the said Hagin were 
taken into the hand of the King, and the said Hagin was imprisoned, 
so that he had no control or power over debts owing to him or his 
chattels, whereby he could make release or quittance of the said debts. 

And Hagin, who was present, comes and says, that in the third 
year he was imprisoned for a debt which he, Hagin, owed to 
one Odin, a merchant, but afterwards by license of our Lord the 
King he was discharged from prison, so that he could speak with his 
debtors, and receive his debts from them, and thereby discharge his 
debt to the said merchant, and make starrs of acquittance at his will 
of debts owing to him ; for which cause it appears, that those starrs 
ought to be good and unimpeachable. Asked, what he has in his 
possession by way of license from the King for the release and acquit- 
tance of debts owing to him, the said Hagin had nothing to show, 
or produced nothing of the kind. And because it is attaint, that 
the said starrs, which the said Adam produced, were made at the 
time when the said Hagin had no control or power over debts owing 
to him, nor could in any way release or acquit them, nor could sell 
the said houses ; it is adjudged, that the said Queen do recover the 
said debts, except the 100 in., against the said Adam, and that the 
said Adam do recover against the said Hagin so much of the said debt 
as he paid etc., and the said Hagin, because he fraudulently received 
the said money, is committed to prison etc. 1 

1 Cf. Cal. Close Eolls (Rolls Ser.), Ed. I., unhappy Chief Rabbi died soon after this 
1272-9, pp. 152, 259, 458, 501, 547. The affair, the election of his successor Hagin, 



Ill SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

V b - m - 5 - Benedictus, filius Magistri Elie, Judeus, attachiatus ad responden- 

dum Willeluio de Mortuo Mari de placito injuste detencionis 
catallorum, et unde queritur, quod, cum ipse invadiasset predicto 
Benedicto quedam bona et catalla sua, ad valenciam 1 1., die Mercurii 
proxima ante festum Apostolorum Simonis et Jude anno regni Regis 
Edwardi vij°, in domo Magisfcri Galfridi de Mortuo Mari, pro xxvij m., 
quas ab eo mutuo recepit, que bona adhuc injuste detinet etc. ; videlicet, 
aurum ponderis duarum marcarum, duos anulos aureos cum saphiris, 
conjunctos cum quadam cathena argentea, unum firmaculum aureum, 
tres zonas de serico argento subaurato barratas, xij coclearia argentea, 
ij ciphos argento platos, et unum supercoopertorium de scarleto, furra- 
tum de minuto verio, precii 1 1., et ideo injuste etc., quia, die dominica 
proxima ante festum Purificacionis B. Marie proximo sequentem, venit 
predictus Willelmus ad predictum Benedictum,et peciit visum vadiorum 
suorum, promptus ad satisfaciendum pro vadiis predictis, et predictus 
Benedictus dixit, quod vadia ilia ei non ostenderet, nisi aliquos denarios 
ei pre manibus solveret, et idem Willelmus incontinenti solvit eidem 
Benedicto ij m. et dim. et postea peciit visum vadiorum suorum, et 
idem Benedictus dixit, quod visum omnium vadiorum suorum ei 
ostendere non potuit, eo quod predictum aurum ponderis ij m. ven- 
didit pro xxiiij m. et dim. ; de qua vendicione idem Willelmus bene fuit 
contentus, et dicebat, quod predictum debitum per easdem xxiiij m. et 
dim., et per ij m. et dim. quas eidem Benedicto tunc solverat, erat 
eidem Benedicto plenarie satisfaction, et peciit residuum vadiorum 
suorum, et idem Benedictus ea reddere contradicebat, et ea adhuc ei 
injuste detinet, ad dampnum suum, c 1. ; et hoc offert etc. 

Predictus Benedictus venit et defendit vim etc., quando etc., et 
recognovit se recepisse predictum aurum ponderis duarum marcarum 
per manus cujusdam Willelmi de Bauns ut pignus pro xxiiij m. quas 
super dictum aurum mutuavit, et per licenciam predicti Willelmi 
predictum aurum vendidit pro xxiiij m. et dim., quas allocavit in 
debito supradicto ; et insuper idem Benedictus recognovit, quod omnia 
predicta vadia recepit, set non tanti valoris quam predictus 
Willelmus dicit, et ea adhuc preterquam predictum aurum, quod 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1280 111 

Benedict, son of Master Elias, Jew, was attached to answer 
William de Mortimer touching a plea of unlawful detinue of 
chattels, whereof he complains, that, whereas he pledged to the 
said Benedict certain of his goods and chattels, to the value of £50, 
for 27 marks, which he borrowed of him in the house of Master 
Geoffrey de Mortimer on the Wednesday next before the feast of the 
Apostles Simon and Jude in the 7th year of the reign of King Edward, 
the said Benedict still detains those goods and chattels, unlawfully 
etc. ; to wit, 2 marks' weight of gold, two gold rings set with sapphires, 
connected by a silver chain, a gold buckle, three silken girdles barred l 
with silver on a gold ground, twelve silver spoons, two bowls plated with 
silver, and an outer vesture of scarlet cloth, trimmed with miniver, value 
£50. And the detinue is unlawful, by reason that, on the Sunday next 
before the feast of the Purification of Blessed Mary next following the 
delivery in pledge, the said William came to the said Benedict, and 
craved a view of his pledges, being ready to redeem the said pledges, and 
the said Benedict said, that he would not show him the pledges, unless 
he would pay some money in hand, and the said William straightway 
paid the said Benedict 2^ marks, and then craved a view of his 
pledges, and the said Benedict said, that he could not give him a view 
of all his pledges, because he had sold the said two marks' weight of 
gold for 24| marks ; 2 and the said William was well content with the 
sale, and said, that by the same 24^ marks, and the 2^ marks which 
he had then paid, the claim of the said Benedict was fully satisfied, and 
he craved the residue of his pledges, and the said Benedict refused to 
return them, and still detains them against him unlawfully, to his 
damage, £100; and this he offers etc. 

The said Benedict came, and made defence to the force etc., when 
etc., and acknowledged, that he received the said 2 marks' weight 
of gold by the hands of a certain William de Bauns as pledge for 24 
marks which he lent upon the said gold, and by leave of the said 
William he sold the said gold for 24^ marks, which he allowed in the 
said debt ; and the said Benedict further acknowledged, that he 
received all the said pledges, but not that they were of the same value 
as the said William says, and has them still in his possession, except 

son of Deulecresse, being ratified by the (Madox, i. 277, 487), the normal value of 

King on May 15, 1281. Eymer, Ftedera, the mark of silver being 13s. 4d. The 

ed. Clarke, i. pt. ii. 591. premium of 1\ m., silver, at which the 

1 Cf. Chaucer, Prologue to the Canter- mark of gold here stands, shows that silver 

bury Tales, where the serjeant at law is was at a discount of ^, or 3s. per mark, i.e. 

described as ' girt with a ceint of silk with Is. less than the discount indicated in the 

barres smale.' so-called statute printed in Appendix V., 

1 The mark of gold was ordinarily p. lvi supra, 
reckoned as equal at most to 10 m., silver 



112 SCACCABIUM JUDEORUM 

prius vendidit, penes se habet ; super quibus vadiis idem Benedictus 
dicit, quod acconmiodavit predicto Willelnio cito post festum Purifica- 
cionis B. Marie ultimo preteritum viij m. iij s. iiij d., et dicta vadia 
pro predictis denariis ut vadium suum juste retinet, et de duabus 
marcis et dim., quas dictus Willelmus dicit se ei solvisse, dicit, quod 
nichil inde recepit. Et predictus Willelmus dicit, quodpredictas ij m. 
et dim. tidem Benedicto solvit, ut predictum est, et dicit, quod per 
predictas ij m. et dim., et per xxiiij m. et dim., quas recepit de pre- 
dicto auro, satisfaction est ei de xxvij m. quas ab eo mutuo 
recepit ; et dicit, quod nullum denarium ab eodem Judeo post festum 
Purificacionis B. Marie supradictum recepit ; per quod nichil ei debet 
super vadia predicta, que ei adhuc injuste detinet. Et de hoc ponit 
se super veredictum Galfridi de Saham, Willelmi Le Franceys, et 
Magistri Elie, patris predicti Benedicti, qui convencioni et solucioni 
inter eos facte interfuerunt. Et predictus Benedictus dicit, quod sibi 
accommodavit predictas viij m. iij s. et iiij d. super vadia predicta, et 
predictas ij m. et dim. de predicto Willelnio non recepit ; et de hoc 
ponit se similiter super predictos Galfridum, Willelmum et Eliam. 
Ideo preceptum est Vicecomiti Cantebrig', quod venire faciai coram 
etc., in octabis S. Trinitatis, predictos Galfridum et Willelmum ; et 
Constabulario Turris Londonie, quod venire faciat, ad eundem diem, 
Magistrum Eliam, ad recognoscendum etc. 



Aaron, filius Yives, Judeus, tulit breve Kegis de Magno Sigillo in 
hec verba : — Edwardus etc. dilectis et fidelibus suis, Johanni de 
Cobeham, et Justiciariis suis ad custodiam etc., et dilecto clerico suo, 
Ade de Wintonia, salutem : — Cum Aaron, filius Yives, Judeus, 
Londonie, dederit et concesserit carissime Consorti nostre, Alianore, 
Begine Anglie, debita in quibus Gilbertus Pecche eidem Judeo tenetur 
per cartas et obligaciones suas, ac Nos indempnitati ipsius Judei 
prospici et sibi debitam recompensacionem debitorum predictorum 
fieri cupientes, concesserimus eidem Judeo, quod de clarioribus debitis 
et obligacionibus Judeorum dampnatorum vel aliorum Judeoram in 
manu nostra existentibus, vel que accidere contigerit in man urn 
nostram, quedam debita, usque ad summam debitorum in cartis et 
obligacionibus prefati Gilberti contentorum, in recompensacionem 
ejusdem debiti assignentur, et debita ilia ad opus ejusdem Judei 
nomine nostro leventur, et sibi liberentur; ita quod, si aliquid 
dictorum debitorum in manu nostra existentinm, vel que in manum 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1280 112 

the said gold, which he sold ; upon which pledges the said Benedict 
says, that he lent the said William, shortly after the feast of the Purifi- 
cation of Blessed Mary last past, 8 marks 3s. 4d., for which said 
moneys he retains the said pledges as his lawful pledge, and touching 
the 2i marks, which the said William says, that he paid him, he says, 
that he received no part thereof. And the said William says, that he 
paid the said 2| marks to the said Benedict, as aforesaid, and says, 
that by the said 2| marks, and the 24^- marks, which Benedict received 
by the sale of the said gold, he is fully recouped the 27 marks which 
he, William, borrowed from him ; and he says, that he did not receive a 
penny from the said Jew after the feast of the Purification of Blessed 
Mary aforesaid ; for which cause he owes him nought upon the said 
pledges, which he still detains against him unlawfully. And touching 
this he puts himself upon the verdict of Geoffrey cle Soham, William 
Le Francois, and Master Elias, father of the said Benedict, who were 
present when the said agreement and payment were made between 
them. And the said Benedict says, that he lent him the said 8 marks 
3s. 4d. upon the said pledges, and did not receive the said 2^ marks 
from the said William ; and touching this he likewise puts himself 
upon the said Geoffrey, William, and Elias. So the Sheriff of Cam- 
bridgeshire is commanded, that he cause to come before etc., on the 
octave of Holy Trinity, the said Geoffrey and William ; and the Con- 
stable of the Tower of London is commanded, that he cause to come, 
on the same day, Master Elias, to recognise etc. 

Aaron, son of Vives, Jew, brought writ of the King under the 
Great Seal to the effect following : — Edward etc. to his dear lieges, 
John de Cobham, and his Justices assigned to the custody etc., and 
his dear clerk, Adam de Winton, greeting : — Whereas Aaron, son of 
Vives, Jew, of London, has given and granted to our dearest Consort, 
Eleanor, Queen of England, the debts in which Gilbert Pecche is bound 
to the said Jew by his charters and writings obligatory, and We, being 
minded that provision be made for his, the Jew's, indemnification and 
recompense, have granted, that of the clearer debts and obligations 
of condemned or other Jews which are in our hand, or may come to be 
in our hand, there be assigned to the said Jew debts, to the amount 
of the debts contained in the charters and writings obligatory of the 
said Gilbert, in compensation for the said debt, and that those debts be 
levied in our name to the use of the said Jew, and be delivered to him ; 
provided that, if aught of the said debts which are in our hand, or which 
may come to be in our hand, as aforesaid, should chance to be found 

Q 



113 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

nostram accidere contigerit, ut predictum est, quietum inveniri 
contingat post liberacionem sibi factam, tunc eidem Judeo aliquod 
debitum loco ejusdem assignari faciatis ; vobis mandamus, quod pre- 
missa fieri faciatis in forma predicta. Et quia accepimus, quod, post- 
quam Judeos regni nostri capi fecimus, quedam false facte sunt ac- 
quietancie, et eciam starra, inter Christianos et Judeos, vobis manda- 
mus, quod si contingat debitores quoscunque acquietancias vel starra 
aliqua debitorum quorumcumque coram vobis proferre, tunc nullam 
quietanciam vel liberacionem hujusmodi debitoribus, 1 quousque legi- 
time vobis constare possit, acquietancias vel starra ilia fideliter et 
legitime fuisse facta secundum Legem et Consuetudinem Scaccarii 
Judaismi predicti. Teste Me ipso apud Merleberg' xxvj° die Feb. anno 
regni nostri octavo. 

ib.m.5. Johannes Le Clerk, aurifaber, et "Willelmus Le Conversus, Fratres 

Lond. ' 

Domus Conversorum Londonie, assignati per breve Eegis ad colligen- 
dum chevagium Judeorum Anglie anno regni Eegis Edwardi sexto 
per capita singulorum Judeorum habentium etatem xij annorum et 
ultra, quod quidem chevagium Dominus Kex concessit Fratribus 
predicte Domus, venerunt coram etc., et reddiderunt compotum suum 
de predicto chevagio etc. 

Iidem reddiderunt compotum de xj 1. iij s. ix d., de chevagio 
Dccc iiij xx et xv Judeorum et Judearum per capita per diversa loca 
Anglie, sicut continetur in quadam cedula quam predicti Johannes et 
Willelmus liberaverunt predictis Justiciariis, videlicet, de singulis 
Judeis iij d., secundum Statutum Judeorum ; et non responderunt de 
chevagio Judeorum Londonie, nee Cantuarie, de anno predicto, quia 
Hugo de Dyngnetona ipsum chevagium collegit, unde debet respon- 
dere, sicut patet inter inquisiciones hujus Termini retornatas per 
predictam cedulam etc. 

Summa, xj 1. iij s. ix d. ; que liberaverunt Johanni de Sancto 
Dionisio, Custodi predicte Domus, in parte solucionis xxix 1. iiij s. et 
iij d. ad comparacionem capelle predicte Domus faciendam ex conces- 
sione Eegis per breve Eegis de Magno Sigillo ; et sic quieti fuerunt. 



1 Sic : supply ' valere permittatis,' or words to the same effect. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1280 113 

quit after delivery made to him, then you cause a debt to be assigned 
to the said Jew in lieu of the said debt ; We therefore command you, 
that you cause effect to be given to the premises in form aforesaid. 
And whereas We have heard, that, since We caused the Jews of our 
realm to be arrested, certain false acquittances have been made, and 
also starrs, between Christians and Jews, We command you, that if it 
so happen that any debtors whosoever, produce before you acquit- 
tances or starrs of any debts whatsoever, then you allow no such 
acquittance or release to avail the debtors, until by lawful evidence 
you be satisfied, that those acquittances or starrs were truly and law- 
fully made according to the Law and Custom of the Exchequer of the 
said Jewry. Witness Myself at Marlborough on the 26th day of 
February in the eighth year of our reign. 

John Le Clerk, goldsmith, and William Le Convert, Brothers of 
the London House of Converts, assigned by the King's writ to collect 
the chevage ' of the Jews of England in the sixth year of the reign of 
King Edward by head of every Jew of the age of twelve years and 
upwards, which chevage our Lord the King granted to the Brothers 
of the said House, came before etc., and rendered their account of the 
said chevage etc. 

They rendered account of £11 3s. 9d., chevage of 895 Jews and 
Jewesses of divers places in England, as recorded in a schedule 
delivered to the said Justices by the said John and William, to wit, 
3d. per head of every Jew and Jewess, according to the Statute of 
Jewry. They did not answer for the said year's chevage of the Jews 
of London and Canterbury, for which Hugh de Dinnington, who 
collected it, is answerable, as appears by the said schedule enrolled 
among this Term's inquests etc. 

Sum, £11 3s. 9d. ; which they delivered to John de St. Denys, 
Warden of the said House, in part payment of £29 Is. 3d., appro- 
priated by grant of the King under the Great Seal 2 to the account 
of expenditure upon the chapel of the said House ; and so they were 
quit. 

1 I.e. the poll-tax imposed by the Statute 2 Cf. Cal. Patent Rolls (Rolls Ser.) Ed. I. 

of 3 Ed. I. Cf. Introduction, p. xxxviii. 1272-81, p. 371. 



Q2 



114 SCACCAPJUM JUDEORUM 



DE TEEMINO PASCHE ANNO NONO. 
Rot. ,ie Johannes de S. Dionisio, Gustos Domus Conversorum. tulit breve 

Banco 40, 

ui. 7. Loud. Regis de Magno Sigillo in hec verba: — Edwardus etc. Justiciariis etc. 
salutem : — Ex parte Conversorum Domus nostre Londonie Nobis est 
ostensum, quod, cum medietas bonorum et catallorum conversorum 
seu convertendorum ad Fidem Catholicam ad Con versos Domus nostre 
predicte racione concessionis nostre eis hide facte pertineat, alia 
medietate illis qui se a tempore concessionis nostre predicte converte- 
rint reservata ; ac Belassez et Hittecote, Judee, Oxonie, nuper ad Fidem 
Catholicam se converterunt ; per quod Conversi Domus nostre predicte 
medietatem bonorum et catallorum ipsarum, juxta formam concessionis 
nostre predicte, petiverunt a vobis sibi liberari ; vos, ut accepimus, pro 
eo quod dicte Judee parum ante tempus hujus concessionis nostre se 
ad Fidem Catholicam converterunt, predictam medietatem Conversis 
dicte Domus liberare contradicitis : Nos autem, ad necessitatem dic- 
torum Conversorum parvum respectum habentes, et gratiam eis facere 
volentes, vobis mandamus, quod bona et catalla predictarum Judearum, 
seu valorem eorundem, si alicui alii de precepto nostro prius assign ata 
non fuerint, dilecto clerico nostro, Johanni de S. Dionisio, Custodi 
Domus predicte, vel ejus attornato, plenarie liberari faciatis ; et unam 
medietatem ad sustentacionem Conversorum dicte Domus retineat, 
et aliam medietatem eisdem Belassez et Hittecote faciat assignari, 
juxta formam concessionis nostre supradicte. Teste Me ipso apud 
Wodestok' xxvij die Aprilis anno regni nostri nono. 

Per hoc breve liberantur eidem Johanni bona et catalla subscripta ; 
videlicet, de bonis et catallis predictarum conversarum, unus liber 
Prisciani Constr', precii xij d. ; unus Grecismus, precii vj d. ; una 
Logica vetus, precii x d. ; unum Doctrinale magnum, precii ij d. ; 
quidam liber Institutionum, precii iiij s. ; quidam Codex, precii xvj s. ; 
quoddam Inforciatum, precii xvj s. ; liber Nature, precii viij s. ; quidam 
Grecismus, precii xij d. ; et x s. in denariis pro pannis qui fuerunt 
predictarum conversarum venditis etc. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1281 114 



EASTER TERM IN THE NINTH YEAR, [a.d. I28i.] 

John de St. Denys, Warden of the House of Converts, brought a 
writ of the King under the Great Seal to the following effect : — Edward 
etc. to his Justices etc. greeting: — On the part of the Converts of our 
London House We are given to understand, that, whereas one moiety 
of the goods and chattels of Jews who are or shall be converted to the 
Catholic Faith belongs to the Converts of our said House by reason of 
our grant thereof to them made, the other moiety being reserved for 
those who shall be converted after the date of our said grant ; and 
Belasez and Hittecote, Jewesses, of Oxford, have lately been converted 
to the Catholic Faith ; for which cause the Converts of our said House 
have claimed delivery by you to them of one moiety of the goods and 
chattels of them, Belasez and Hittecote, according to the form of our 
said grant ; and you, as We have heard, refuse to deliver the said 
moiety to the Converts of the said House on the ground that the said 
Jewesses were converted a little before the date of this our grant : W T e, 
however, being somewhat regardful of the need of the said Converts, 
and minded to show them grace, command you, that of the goods and 
chattels of the said Jewesses, or the value of the same, if they have 
not already been assigned to some one else, you cause plenary delivery 
to be made to our dear clerk, John de St. Denys, Warden of the said 
House, or his attorney; and let him retain one moiety for the mainte- 
nance of the Converts of the said House, and cause the other moiety to 
be assigned to the said Belasez and Hittecote, according to the form 
of our said grant. Witness Myself at Woodstock on the 27th day of 
April in the ninth year of our reign. 

By virtue of this writ there are delivered to the said John the 
goods and chattels underwritten ; to wit, of the goods and chattels of 
the said converted Jewesses, a book of Priscian ' De Construction, ' 
value 12d. ; a Grrecismus, 1 value 6d. ; an ancient Logic, 2 value lOd. ; 
a great Doctrinal, 3 value 2d. ; a book of the Institutes, 4 value 4s. ; a 
Code, 5 value 16s. ; an ' Inforciatum,' 6 value 16s. ; a book of Nature, 7 
value 8s. ; a Graecismus, value 12d. ; and 10s. in coin on account of 
clothes of the said converted Jewesses which have been sold etc. 

1 A treatise on grammar, so entitled, by 4 Doubtless Justinian's ' Institutes.' 

Eberhardus Bethuniensis. See ' Corpus 5 Identifiable by the context with Jus- 

Grammaticorum Medii M\i,' ed. Wrobel tinian's Code. 

(Breslau, 1887), vol. i. 6 The second of the three parts into 

- Perhaps Porphyry's ' Isagoge.' which Justinian's ' Digest ' was divided in 

3 Also a treatise on grammar, by Alex- the Middle Ages. 

ander de Villa-Dei. See Mon. Germ. Pa> 7 Perhaps one or part of one of Roger 

dagog., ed. Kehrbach (Berlin, 1891), Bd. xii. Bacon's physical treatises. 



Liiii.l 



115 SOACOARIUM JUDEORUM 



DE QUINDENA S. TEINITATIS. 

Rot.39,m.4. Mosseus de Doggestrete et Bona, uxor ejus, attachiati ad respon- 
dendum Matildi La Megre de placito injuste detencionis vadiorum, et 
unde queritur, quod, cum eis et Belasez invadiasset septem ulnas de 
burnetto, precii ulne iij s., pro vj s., die Martis proxima post festum 
S. Benedicti anno regni Regis Edwardi nono, sub hac condicione, 
videlicet, quod, quacumque die infra quindenam post invadiacionem 
predictam predictis Judeis de dictis vj s. satisfaceret, dictum vadium 
ei liberaretur pro predictis vj s. ; infra quam quindenam predicta 
Matildis venit ad domum dictorum Judeorum, et optulit eis predictos 
vj s., et predicta Belasez iij s. inde recepit pro iij s. quos eidem Matildi 
super predictum vadium accommodaverat, et predicti Mosseus et 
Bona alios iij s. recipere recusabant, exigentes ab ea x s. de catallo 
et lucro pro predictis iij s., contra Statuta Regis, et vadium suum 
reddere contradicebant, nisi pro eo dictos x s. reddere volebat, et 
adhuc dictum vadium ei injuste detinent, ad dampnum suum, xl 1., 
et contra Statuta Regis ; et hoc offert verificare. 

Predicti Mosseus et Bona venerunt et defendunt vim etc., et 
negant precise, et dicunt, quod de dicta Matilde nichil receperunt, nee 
aliquid de bonis suis penes se habent ex tradicione dicte Matildis, set 
predicta Belasez eis quendam pannum burnetti pro viij s. et ix d. 
invadiavit, et pro predictis viij s. et ix d., pro quibus dictus pannus in- 
vadiatus fuit, prompti fuerunt dictum pannum eidem Matildi reddere ; 
et quod pro tanta pecunie summa dictus pannus invadiatus fuit, petunt, 
quod Justiciarii inquirant de dicta Belasez, que presens fuit coram etc. 

Dicit, quod una vice dicta Matildis peciit, quod accommodaret ei 
v s. super pannum predictum, que tunc dictam pecuniam non habuit, 
et peciit a Bona, uxore dicti Mossei, ut medietatem dictorum v s. secum 
eidem Matildi super vadium predictum accommodaret, que Bona tunc 
eidem Matildi super vadium predictum accommodavit ij s. et vj d., et 
ipsa Belasez ij s. et vj d. ; et alia vice super idem vadium eedem Bona 
et Belasez accommodaverunt eidem Matildi xij d., ita quod in universo 
ab eis habuit vj s., de quibus iij s. fuerunt predicte Bone et iij s. dicte 
Belasez, pro quibus dictum pannum ambabus invadiavit. Et dicta 



London. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1281 ll") 



HOLY TRINITY QUINDENE. 

Moses of Dog Street and Bona, his wife, are attached to answer 
Matilda La Megre touching a plea of unlawful detinue of pledges, 
whereof she makes complaint to the effect following :— Whereas, 
on the Tuesday next after the feast of St. Benedict in the ninth 
year of the reign of King Edward, she had pledged with them and 
Belasez 7 ells of burnet, 1 price 3s. the ell, for Gs., on condition 
that, if on any day before the quindene after the said delivery in 
pledge she should discharge the said 6s. owing to the said Jews, the 
said pledge should be delivered to her for the said 6s. ; and whereas 
before the said quindene the said Matilda came to the house of the 
said Jews, and offered them the said 6s., and the said Belasez accepted 
3s. thereof, for 3s. which she had lent the said Matilda upon the said 
pledge, they, the said Moses and Bona, refused to accept the other 3s., 
demanding from her 10s. in principal and interest on account of the 
said 3s., against the King's Statutes, and refused to return her pledge, 
unless she would pay therefor the said 10s., and still detain the said 
pledge against her unlawfully, to her damage, £40, and against the 
King's Statutes ; and this she offers to verify. 

The said Moses and Bona come and make defence to the force etc., 
and deny in set terms, that they received aught from the said Matilda, 
or have aught of her goods by her delivery, but they say, that the 
said Belasez pledged with them a piece of burnet cloth for 8s. 9d., on 
receipt of which 8s. 9d., for which the said cloth was pledged, they 
would have returned the said cloth to the said Matilda ; and touch- 
ing this, that the said cloth was pledged for such a sum of money, 
they crave, that the Justices inquire of the said Belasez, who was 
present before etc. 

She says, that on one occasion she was asked by the said Matilda 
to lend her 5s. upon the said cloth, and that, not then having the said 
money, she asked Bona, the wife of the said Moses, to join with her 
in lending, each a moiety of the said 5s., to the said Matilda upon the 
said pledge, and that Bona then lent the said Matilda 2s. 6d., and she, 
Belasez, lent her 2s. 6d. thereon ; and that on another occasion the said 
Bona and Belasez lent the said Matilda 12d. upon the same pledge, so 
that in the whole she had from them 6s., of which 3s. were lent by 
the said Bona, and 3s. by the said Belasez, for which she pledged the 
said cloth to both of them. And the said Belasez says, that she told 

1 See Glossary, 'Bluetum.' 



116 SCACCAMUM JUDEORUM 

Belasez dicit, quod dicebat predictis Mosseo et Bone, quod eidem 
Matildi pannum supradictum pro iij s. quos eidem Matildi accomnio- 
daverant, deliberarent, quia ipsi Belasez de iij s. satisfecit, et ipsi 
dictum pannum redd ere contradicebant, nisi eis dicta Matildis pro 
dicto panno x s. reddere volebat. Et quia convictum est per vere- 
dictum dicte Belasez, super quam dicti Mosseus et Bona, uxor sua, se 
posuerunt, quod dicta Matildis super pannum predictum debuit eis 
viij s. et ix d., quod non accommodavit ab eis nisi iij s., pro quibus 
exigebant x s. nomine usure, contra Statuta Bsgis, predicti Mosseus et 
Bona committuntur prisone Turris Londonie, salvo custodiendi, donee 
Begi de dicta transgressione satisfecerint, et dictus pannus eidem 
Matildi pro iij s., ut supradictum est, mutuatis liberatur. 



DE TEBMINO 1 S. JOHANNIS BAPTISTE. 

Rot. 38, m . 3. Willelmus de Brochulle pro pluribus defaltis in misericordia. 

Kanc - Preceptum fuit Yicecomiti, quod non omitteret, propter Libertatem 

Archiepiscopatus Cantuariensis, quin earn etc., et distringeret Willel- 
mum de Brokhulle per terras etc., et quod haberet corpus ejus coram 
etc. ad hunc diem, ad respondendum Begi de uno cipho de mazer o 
cum pede argenteo, precii iiij 1., et aliis bonis et catallis ad valenciam 
xiij 1., que devenerunt ad manus predicti Willelmi de bonis et catallis 
que fuerunt Mossei de Doggestrete, Judei, pro transgressione monete 
Begis forisfacti. 2 

Predictus Willelmus venit et defendit vim etc. et dicit, quod de 
catallis predicti Mossei ad manus ejus, ut in denariis, ciphis, seu aliis 
aliquibus catallis, nichil devenit ; et de hoc ponir, se super patriam. 
Et patria ibi presens fuit per Bogerum Burrell, Bogerum de Leycestria, 
et alios Christianos, Samuelem Le Fraunceys, Josceum Molekin et 
alios Judeos, sicut patet inter brevia bujus Termini retornata in brevi 
tangente Dionisiam, que fuit uxor Stephani Le Taylur, de Cantuaria. 
Qui, jurati, unanimes esse non potuerunt. Et datus est dies eis ad 
veritatem super premissis recognoscendam a die S. Michaelis in tres 
septimanas, nisi interim Bogerus de Nortbwode ad partes illas venerit 
etc. 

1 Sic : instead of ' Quindena.' The record is misplaced among the Memoranda of 
Easter Term. 2 gj c _ 



EXCHEQUEE OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1281 116 

the said Moses and Bona to deliver the said cloth to the said Matilda 
on receipt of the 3s. which they had lent the said Matilda, because 
she had discharged to her, Belasez, the 3s. which she had lent, and 
they refused to return the said cloth, unless the said Matilda would 
pay them 10s. for the said cloth. And because by the verdict of the 
said Belasez, upon which the said Moses and Bona, his wife, put them- 
selves, it is disproved, that the said Matilda owed them 8s. 9d. 
upon the said cloth, seeing that she did not borrow from them more 
than 3s., for which they demanded 10s. by way of usury, against the 
King's Statutes, therefore the said Moses and Bona are committed to 
the prison of the Tower of London, there to be kept safe, until they 
shall have made amend to the King for the said trespass, and the said 
cloth is delivered to the said Matilda on payment of the 3s., borrowed 
as aforesaid. 



THE QUINDENE OF ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST. 

William de Brockhull in mercy for several defaults. 

The Sheriff was commanded, that he omit not, by reason of the 
Liberty of the Archbishopric of Canterbury, to enter etc., and distrain 
William de Brockhull by lands etc., and have his body before etc. on 
this day, to answer the King touching a bowl of mazer- wood with a 
silver foot of the value of £i, and other goods and chattels to the 
value of £13, which came to the said William's hands of the goods 
and chattels which belonged to Moses of Dog Street, Jew, being for- 
feited for trespass on the coinage. 

The said William comes and defends the force etc. and says, that 
of the chattels of the said Moses, whether moneys, bowls, or other 
chattels, nought came to his hands ; and as to this he puts himself 
upon the country. And the country was there present by Boger 
Burrell, Koger de Leicester, and other Christians, Samuel Le Francois, 
Joce Molekin, and other Jews, as appears among the returns of writs 
of this Term in the writ touching Dionisia, wife that was of Stephen 
Taylor, of Canterbury. Who, being sworn, could not agree. 1 And a 
day is given them to recognise the truth touching the premises, to wit, 
Michaelmas three weeks, unless in the meantime Boger de North- 
wood 2 shall have come into those parts etc. 

1 Cf. p. 104, supra, note, which is equally of the Jews, but one of the Barons of the 
applicable to the present case. Exchequer. 

- Northwood was not a regular Justice 



117 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 



DE QUINDENA S. HILLARII ANNO DECIMO. 

Rot.4o,m.e, c k' Hagin, Judeus, venire fecit Rogerum de Ling, tenentem 

dorso. Lonrl. ° ' ° ° 

quandam partem terrarum et tenementorum que fuerunt Thome Le 
Fuster, et exigit ab eo ij m. et dim. de catallo, et lucrum inde emersum 
ante Statuta Regis, quas ei debet occasione predictarum terrarum etc., 
et per cirographum ij m. et dim., unde altera pars est in Archa Ciro- 
graphorum Londonie, ut dicit. 

Predictus Rogerus venit et petit diem premeditandi, efc habet in 
crastino Cinerum. 

Giouc Robertus de Bradestona pro pluribus defaltis in misericordia. 

Aaron, filius Elie, Judeus, venire fecit eumdem Robertum, et exigit 
ab eo x s. de catallo et iiij m. de lucro, quos ei debet occasione cujusdam 
partis terrarum quas tenet, que fuerunt Willelmi Maudut, per ciro- 
graphum xvij hi., unde altera pars est in Archa Cirographorum Here- 
fordie, ut dicit, 

Predictus Robertus venit et petit diem premeditandi, et habet a die 
Pasche in tres septimanas. 



giouc Henricus de Actona pro pluribus defaltis in misericordia. 

Aaron, filius Elie, venire fecit eumdem Henricum, et exigit ab eo 
j m. de catallo et v m. de lucro, quas ei debet occasione cujusdam partis 
terrarum quas tenet, que fuerunt Willelmi Maudut, per cirographum 
xvij in., unde altera pars est in Archa Cirographorum Herefordie, ut 
dicit. 

Predictus Henricus venit et petit diem premeditandi, et habet a 
die Pasche in tres septimanas. 

giouc. Petrus de Stintescumb pro pluribus defaltis in misericordia. 

Aaron, filius Elie, venire fecit eumdem Petrum, et exigit ab eo xx s. 
de catallo et iiij m. de lucro, quos ei debet occasione cujusdam partis 
terrarum quas tenet, que fuerunt Willelmi Maudut, per cirographum 
xvij m., unde altera pars est in Archa Cirographorum Herefordie, ut 
dicit. 

Predictus Petrus venit et petit diem premeditandi, et habet a die 
Pasche in tres septimanas. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1282 



117 



HILAEY QUINDENE IN THE TENTH YEAK. [a.d. 1282.] 

Cok Hagin, Jew, caused to come Roger de Ling, tenant of part of 
the lands and tenements which belonged to Thomas Le Fuster, and 
demands from him 2£ marks, principal, and interest thereon arisen 
before the Statutes x of the King, which he owes in respect of the said 
lands etc., and by virtue of a chirograph for 2h marks, of which the 
other part is in the London Chirograph-Chest, so he says. 

The said Roger comes and craves time to consider of it, and has 
it by adjournment to the morrow of Ash Wednesday. 



Robert de Bradeston in mercy for several defaults. 

Aaron, son of Elias, Jew, caused to come the said Robert, and 
demands from him 10s., principal, and 4 marks, interest, which he 
owes him in respect of part of the lands which he holds, which 
belonged to William Mauduit, by virtue of a chirograph for 17 marks, 
of which the other part is in the Hereford Chirograph-Chest, so he 
says. 

The said Robert comes and craves time to consider of it, and has 
it by adjournment to Easter three weeks. 

Henry de Acton in mercy for several defaults. 

Aaron, son of Elias, caused to come the said Henry, and demands 
from him 1 mark, principal, and 5 marks, interest, which he owes 
him in respect of part of the lands which he holds, which belonged to 
William Mauduit, by virtue of a chirograph for 17 marks, of which 
the other part is in the Hereford Chirograph-Chest, so he says. 

The said Henry comes and craves time to consider of it, and has it 
by adjournment to Easter three weeks. 

Peter de Stinchcomb in mercy for several defaults. 

Aaron, son of Elias, caused to come the said Peter, and demands 
from him 20s., principal, and 4 marks, interest, which he owes him in 
respect of part of the lands which he holds, which belonged to William 
Mauduit, by virtue of a chirograph for 17 marks, of which the other 
part is in the Hereford Chirograph-Chest, so he says. 

The said Peter comes and craves time to consider of it, and has it 
by adjournment to Easter three weeks. 



1 I.e. the Statute of 1275, the plural 
being used for the singular. The omission 
to refer to the Statute in the subsequent 
cases must be merely per incuriam, as the 



amounts are not such as could be recovered 
under the three years' limitation contained 
in the so-called statute printed in Appendix 
V. See p. lvii, supra. 



Lontl. 



118 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

Johannes Hanielin pro pluribus defaltis in misericordia. 

Mosseus de Clare, per attornatum suum, venire fecit predictum 
Johannem, tenentem quandam partem terrarurn que fuerunt Thome 
Hainelin, et exigit ab eo iiij 1. de catallo et x 1. de lucro, quas ei debet 
occasione predictarum terrarurn etc., per cirographum xx 1., unde 
altera pars est in Archa Cirographorum apud Subbyr', ut dicit. 

Predictus Johannes venit et petit diem premeditandi, et habet a 
die Pasche in unum mensem. 



ib^m. 7. Cok' Hagin Judeus, venit coram etc., et recognovit hoc scriptum 

subscriptum : — Universis, ad quorum notitiam presens scriptum per- 
venerit, Cok' Hagin, filius Deulecresse, Judeus, Londonie, salutem : — 
Noveritis me dedisse, concessisse, dimisisse et quietasse pro me, 
heredibus et assignatis meis, Domino Roberto de Basinge, civi 
Londoniensi, totum terminum meum, quern habui die confectionis 
istius instrumenti, in firma manerii de Ginges Le Munteny, cum suis 
pertinenciis, quod est in Comitatu Essexe, quam quidem firmam habui 
ex tradicione Domini Eoberti de Munteny, militis, pro diversis debitis 
in quibus niichi tenebatur, et de quibus finem solutionis mecum 
contraxit per predictam firmam, prout in litteris super hoc confectis, 
ac in Scaccario Judaismi irrotulatis, plenius continetur ; termino, 
videlicet, dicte dimissionis firme incipiente a festo Natalis Domini 
anno Kegis Edwardi decimo, et durante usque ad finem novem annorum 
proximo sequentium et plenarie completorum : habendum et tenendum 
dicto Domino Roberto de Basinge, et heredibus suis sive assignatis 
suis, predictum manerium, cum omnibus pertinenciis suis, ut in terris, 
redditibus, messuagiis, pratis, pasturis, viis, semitis, Vvardis, releviis, 
escaetis, heriettis, servitiis, tarn liberorum hominum quam villanorum, 
vivariis, piscariis, stagnis, boscis, et omnibus aliis pertinenciis suis, tam 
nominatis quam non nominatis, quocunque modo seu jure ad dictam 
terrain spectantibus, ita libere, quiete, bene et in pace, per totum 
predictum terminum novem annorum, sicut et ego habui, tenui, ant 
tenere debui per dimissionem predicti Domini Eoberti de Munteny, 
et ut in scripto inter nos cirographato plenius inseritur et specificatur, 
sine aliqua diminucione seu ullo retenemento. Et ego, predictus Cok' 
Hagin, et heredes mei predictum manerium, cum omnibus suis perti- 
nenciis, ut predictum est, predicto Domino Roberto de Basinge, per 
predictum terminum novem annorum, et heredibus suis sive assignatis 
suis quibuscunque, contra omnes Christianos et Judeoswarantizabimus, 
acquietabimus et defendemus. Pro hujusmodi termini mei donacione, 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.U. 1282 118 

cambr. John Hamelin in mercy for several defaults. 

Moses of Clare, by his attorney, caused to come the said John, 
tenant of part of the lands which belonged to Thomas Hamelin, and 
demands from him £4, principal, and £10, interest, which he owes 
him in respect of the said lands etc., by virtue of a chirograph for £20, 
of which the other part is in the Sudbury Chirograph-Chest, so 
he says. 

The said John comes and craves time to consider of it, and has it 
by adjournment to Easter month. 

Loudou. Cok Hagin, Jew, came before etc., and acknowledged this under- 

written writing : — To all, to whose notice the present writing shall 
come, Cok Hagin, son of Deulecresse, Jew, of London, greeting : — Know 
that I, for myself, my heirs and assigns, have given, granted, demised, 
and acquitted to Sir Robert de Basinge, citizen of London, all my 
term, which I had on the day when this instrument was made, in the 
farm of the manor of Ginges Le Munteny, in the County of Essex, 
with its appurtenances, which farm I had by livery of Sir Robert de 
Munteny, knight, on account of divers debts in which he was bound 
to me, and for the payment of which by the said farm he made 
fine with me, as it is more fully contained in the letters touching this 
made and enrolled in the Exchequer of Jewry; the term, to wit, of the 
demise of the said farm to begin at Christmas in the tenth year 
of King Edward, and to last to the end of the nine years next 
following complete and concluded : to have and to hold to the said 
Sir Robert de Basinge, and his heirs or assigns, the said manor, 
with all its appurtenances, in lands, rents, messuages, meadows, 
pastures, roads, paths, wardships, reliefs, escheats, heriots, services, 
as well of freemen as of villeins, preserves, fishponds, ponds, woods, 
and all other appurtenances, named or not named, howsoever or by 
what right soevert hereunto regardant, no less freely, quietly, well, and 
in peace, for all the said term of nine years, than I had, held, or was 
to hold the said manor by the demise of the said Sir Robert de 
Munteny, and as in a writing made by way of chirograph between 
us it is more fully detailed and specified, without any abatement or 
reservation. And I, the said Cok Hagin, and my heirs will warrant, 
acquit, and defend the said manor, with all its appurtenances, as afore- 
said, to the said Sir Robert de Basinge and his heirs or assigns 
whomsoever, for the said term of nine years, against all Christians and 
Jews. For which term so by me given, granted, demised, and acquitted, 



119 SCACOARIUM JUDEORUM 

concessione, dimissione et acquietacione dedit michi predictus Robertus 
terras et edificia, que et quas habuit, cum suis pertinenciis, in parochiis 
Sancte Marie Magdalene de Milkstrate et Sancti Michaelis de 
Hoggenelane, Londonie, in feodo et hereditate in perpetuum. In cujus 
rei testimonium presens scriptum littera mea Ebraica consignavi. 
Actum Londonie die Mercurii proxima post Purificationem Beate 
Marie anno regni Eegis Edwardi decimo. 

Et Walterus de Kancia, clericus et attornatus Domine Regine- 
Consortis Regis, nunc presens fuit, et ex parte ipsius Regine recog- 
nitioni predicti scripti assensum et consensum prebuit. 

Memorandum, quod Robertus de Basinge venit coram etc., et 
recognovit scriptum subscriptum in hec verba : — Sciant presentes et 
futuri, quod ego, Robertus de Basinge, civis Londoniensis, dedi, con- 
cessi et presenti carta mea confirmavi Cok' Hagino, filio Deulecresse, 
Judeo, Londonie, totam illam terrain meam, cum domo superedificata 
et aliis pertinenciis suis, que jacet in parochia Sancte Marie Magdalene 
de Melkestrete, Londonie, que se extendit in longitudine inter tene- 
mentum Magistri Elie, filii Magistri Mossei, Judei, versus Aquilonem, 
et tenementum Jacobi Le Clerc, Judei, versus Austrum, et in latitudine 
a vico regio, qui vocatur Milkestrete, ex parte orientali, usque ad vicum 
regium, qui vocatur Wodestrete, ex parte occidentali. Dedi eciam et 
concessi et presenti carta mea confirmavi predicto Cok' totam illam 
terram meam, cum domo superedificata et omnibus pertinenciis suis, 
que jacet in parochia Sancti Michaelis de Hoggelane, Londonie, que se 
extendit in longitudine inter tenementum quondam Roberti Le Blunt 
versus Aquilonem et tenementum quondam Johannis de Benetlega 
versus Austrum, et in latitudine a vico regio, qui vocatur Wodestrete, 
ex parte occidentali, usque ad vicum regium, qui vocatur Milkestrete, 
ex parte orientali ; scilicet, quicquid infra bundas prenotatas in pre- 
dictis vicis et parochiis habui, seu habere potui aut debui, quocunque 
jure, ut in terris, lignis, lapidibus et rebus cunctis, sine aliqua diminu- 
cione seu ullo retenemento : habendum et tenendum predicto Cok' et 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1282 119 

the said Robert has given me the lands and buildings, which he had, 
with their appurtenances, in the parishes of St. Mary Magdalen, Milk 
Street, and St. Michael, Hoggen Lane, London, in fee and inheritance 
for ever. In witness whereof I have signed the present writing in 
my Hebrew character. Done at London on the Wednesday next after 
the Purification of Blessed Mary in the tenth year of the reign of 
King Edward. 

And Walter de Kent, clerk and attorney of our Lady the Queen, 
the King's Consort, was then present, and on the part of the Queen 
gave assent and consent to the acknowledgment of the said writing. 1 

Be it had in remembrance, that Robert de Basinge came before etc., 
and acknowledged the underwritten writing to the effect following : — 
Know present and to come, that I, Robert de Basinge, citizen of 
London, have given, granted, and by my present charter confirmed to 
Cok Hagin, son of Deulecresse, Jew, of London, all that land of mine, 
with the house thereon built and other its appurtenances, which 
lies in the parish of St. Mary Magdalen, Milk Street, London, and in 
length extends from the tenement of Master Elias, son of Master 
Moses, Jew, on the north side, to the tenement of Jacob Le Gere, Jew, 
on the south side, and in breadth extends from the King's way, which 
is called Milk Street, on the east side, as far as the King's way, which 
is called Wood Street, on the west side. I have also given and granted 
and by my present charter confirmed to the said Cok all that land of 
mine, with the house thereon built and with all its appurtenances, 
which lies in the parish of St. Michael, Hoggen Lane, London, and 
extends in length from a tenement formerly of Robert Le Blunt on the 
north side to a tenement formerly of John de Bentley on the south 
side, and in breadth from the King's way, which is called Wood Street, 
on the west side, as far as the King's way, which is called Milk Street, 
on the east side ; to wit, whatever within the bounds pre- assigned I 
had, or might have or was to have, in the said ways and parishes, in 
what right soever, whether in land, or wood, or stone or in aught 
else, without any abatement or reservation : to have and hold to the 

1 It will be remembered that the for- still in the Queen's hand. It also disposes 

feited estate of Hagin, son of Deulecresse, of the conjectured derivation (A.-J.H.E.P. 

otherwise Cok Hagin, was the Queen's i. 48) from his name of the name of the 

perquisite by grant of the King (p. 88, lane (Hogge, Hoggen, or, later, Huggin) in 

supra). At her instance Edward had con- the vicinity of which he now, by the 

firmed his election to the office of Chief Queen's grace, acquired property. Cf. 

Rabbi in 1281. Rymer, Fcedera, ed. Clarke, p. 105 supra, where it appears that the only 

i. pt. ii. 591. This record shows that, not- other Hagin who might conceivably have 

withstanding his new dignity, his estate was given his name to the lane lived elsewhere. 



120 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

heredibus suis, et cuique seu quibuscumque et quando dare, vendere, 
legare, seu alio modo assignare voluerit, de me et heredibus meis, libere, 
quiete, integre,bene et in pace, in feodo et hereditate in perpetuum; red- 
dendo inde annuatim niihi et heredibus meis unurn clavum gariofilli ad 
Pascha, faciendo eciarn, pro me et heredibus meis, capitalibus dominis 
i'eodi servicia inde debita et consueta, pro omnibus serviciis secula- 
ribus, consuetudinibus, exactionibus, demandis et rebus cunctis. Et 
ego, predictus Eobertus, et heredes mei predictas terras, cum domibus 
et ceteris suis pertinenciis, predicto Judeo, heredibus et assignatis suis, 
contra omnes homines, Christianos et Judeos, per predicta servicia 
warantizabimus, defendemus et acquietabimus in perpetuum. Pro 
hac autem donacione, warantizacione, defensione, acquietacione et pre- 
sentis carte mee connmiacione dedit mihi predictus Judeus terminum, 
scilicet, novem annorum, quem habuit die confectionis presentis carte, 
in firma manerii de Ginges Munteny, in Comitatu Essexe, sub modo 
et forma quibus idem Judeus idem manerium receperat de Domino 
Eoberto de Munteny, milite, una cum c 1. sterlingorum in gersumam. 
In cujus rei testimonium presenti carte sigillum meum apposui : hiis 
testibus : Dominis Hamone Hauteyn et Eoberto de Ludham, tunc 
Justiciariis Judeorum; Domino Benedicto Le Waleys, tunc Maiore 
Londonie ; Willelmo Le Mazelyner et Eicardo de Chikewell, tunc Vice- 
comitibus Londonie ; Johanne Skyp, Eoberto Herun, Cirographariis 
Arche Cirographorum Londonie; Henrico de Frowyk', Galfrido de 
Eokesl', Johanne Horn, Thoma de Basinge, Willelmo de Dunolm, 
Willelmo de Farndona, Nicholao de Wintonia, Eadulfo Le Blunt, 
Eoberto de Meldeburn', Eicardo de Muntpelers, Waltero de Watford, 
Willelmo de Eed et Johanne de Shordych, Christianis ; Magistro Elia, 
filio Magistri Mossei, Aaron, filio Vives, Mansero, filio Aaron, Cresseo, 
filio Gente, Jacobo Le Clerc, Cresseo, filio Cressei, Isaac, filio Cressei, 
Benedicto Bateman, Judeis, et aliis. 



DE TEBMINO S. MICHAELIS ANNO DECIMO INCIPIENTE 
UNDECIMO. 

Preceptum fuit Constabulario, quod, si Aaron de Hibernia, Judeus, 
quem in prisona Castri Bristoll' detinuit, inveniret sibi manucaptores, 
quod esset coram etc. ad quindenam S. Michaelis nunc, ad standum 
recto de omnibus de ipso conqueri etc., 1 tunc ipsum a prisona delibe- 
raret, nisi captus fuisset per speciale preceptum Domini Eegis, vel pro 

1 Supply ' volentibus.' Cf. p. 125, infra. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1282-3 120 

said Cok and his heirs, or to whomsoever, one or several, he may at 
any time be minded to give, sell, devise, or in any other manner 
assign the same, of me and my heirs, freely, quietly, in entirety, 
well, and in peace, in fee and inheritance for ever ; rendering therefor 
yearly to me and my heirs a clove of gillyflower at Easter, and 
doing also, for me and my heirs, to the capital lords of the fee the 
services due and wonted therefor, in discharge of all secular services, 
customs, and all things exacted and demanded. And I, the said 
Eobert, and my heirs will for the said services warrant, defend, and 
acquit the said lands, with the houses and other their appurtenances, 
to the said Jew, his heirs and assigns, against all men, Christians and 
Jews, for ever. For which grant, warranty, defence, and acquittance, 
thus confirmed by this my present charter, the said Jew has given me a 
term, to wit, of nine years, which he had on the day when the present 
charter was made, in the farm of the manor of Ginges Munteny, in the 
County of Essex, on the same conditions on which the said Jew 
received the said manor from Sir Kobert de Munteny, knight, with 
£100 sterling by way of fine. In witness whereof I have set my seal 
to the present charter. Witness : Sir Hamo Hauteyn and Sir Eobert 
de Ludham, then Justices of the Jews ; Sir Benedict Le Waleys, then 
Mayor of London ; William Le Mazeliner and Eichard de Chigwell, 
then Sheriffs of London ; John Skip and Eobert Herun, Chirographers 
of the London Chirograph- Chest ; Henry de Frowick, Geoffrey de 
Eokesley, John Horn, Thomas de Basinge, William de Dunolm, William 
de Farndon, Nicholas de Winton, Ralph Le Blunt, Eobert de Melde- 
burn, Eichard de Montpelier, Walter de Watford, William de Eed, and 
John de Shoreditch, Christians ; Master Elias, son of Master Moses, 
Aaron, son of Vives, Manser, son of Aaron, Cresse, son of Genta, 
Jacob Le Clerc, Cresse, son of Cresse, Isaac, son of Cresse, Benedict 
Bateman, Jews, and others. 



MICHAELMAS TEEM IN THE TENTH AND THE BEGINNING 
OF THE ELEVENTH YEAE. [a.d. 1282-3.] 

The Constable was commanded, that, if Aaron of Ireland, Jew, 
whom he detained in prison at Bristol Castle, find mainpernors for 
his presence before etc. on this Michaelmas quindene, to stand to 
right at the suit of all who have complaint to make against him, then 
he discharge him from prison, unless he had been arrested by special 
command of our Lord the King, or fortalliage, or some matter against 

R 



121 SCACCARIUM JUDEOEUM 

tallagio, vel pro aliqua re contra Corouarn etc., et scire facer et 
Justiciariis etc., qua occasione ipsum cepisset. Et dictus Aaron non 
venit, et Constabularius mandat, quod, die Veneris proxinia post festurn 
Nativitatis Beati Johannis Baptiste anno Regis Edwardi x°, venit idem 
Aaron ad schoparn Boberti de Araz, aurifabri, et porrexit ei quandani 
platani argenti vendendam coram multis Christianis ibidem presen- 
tibus ; coram quibus idem Bobertus predictam platam a prefato Judeo 
recepit, et cum earn ponderasset, inposuit eidem Judeo predictam 
platam de tonsura monete fuisse conflatam, et cum dictus Judeus hec 
audisset, predictam platam a manibus dicti Boberti surripuit, et inde 
fugiendo usque ad pontem aque que dicitur Aven, eandem platam 
infra aquam illam projecit, multis Christianis ipsum fugientein 
sequentibus, et videntibus factum suum ; et ex concursu et clamore 
plurium venit ad ipsum Constabularium notitia dicti facti, et sic ipsum 
Judeum ea occasione cepit et in prisona detinuit ; et per predictum 
breve liberavit corpus dicti Aaron Cresseo, filio Isaac, Cresseo le Prestre 
et Abraham Honprud, Judeis, qui manuceperunt ipsum Aaron ad 
habendum corpus suum coram etc., quern non habent. Et ideo pre- 
ceptum est Constabulario, quod ipsos una cum predicto Aaron capiat, 
et salvo custodiat, ita quod habeat corpora eorum coram etc., ad 
respondendum Begi, quare predictum Aaron non habeant, et de qui- 
busdam articulis eis obiciendis etc. Ad quem diem Cresseus, filius 
Isaac, et Abraham Honprud venerunt et pro predicta manucapcione 
finem fecerunt, sicut patet in Termino S. Trinitatis proximo sequente. 
Et idem Aaron venit, et calumpniatus de predicta plata, et de aliis 
diversis transgressionibus etc., et requisitus, quomodo se inde acquietare 
voluerit, dicit, quod hec infamia sibi imposita est per suos emulos, et 
libenter se acquietaret per Judeos tantum, set non per Christianos. 
Et quia se non vult acquietare per Christianos et Judeos, secundum 
Legem et Consuetudinem Judaismi, committitur Johanni de La Heth 
et Ade Prodhome, ad ducendum ad prisonam de Herefordia, et ibidem 
Yicecomiti liberandum, et in prisona custodiendum, quousque etc. 
Postea finem fecit cum Domino Bege pro secta Begis relaxanda, sicut 
in Termino proximo sequente. 



Rot. 41, m. 5. Martinus, filius Gilberti Le Bas, civis Londoniensis, venit coram 
etc., et recognovit per scriptum subscriptum in hec verba :— Omnibus 
hoc scriptum visuris vel audituris Martinus, filius Gilberti Le Bas, 
civis Londoniensis, salutem in Domino : — Noveritis me concessisse et 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1282-3 121 

the Crown etc., and do the Justices to wit etc., for what cause he had 
arrested him. And the said Aaron does not come, and the Constable 
sends word, that, on the Friday next after the feast of the Nativity of 
Blessed John the Baptist in the tenth year of the reign of King Edward, 
the said Aaron came to the shop of Robert of Arras, goldsmith, and 
offered him a plate of silver for sale before the eyes of many Christians 
who were present in that same place ; in whose presence the said 
Robert received the said plate from the said Jew, and when he had 
weighed it, charged the said Jew, that the said plate was fused from 
coin-clippings, and when the said Jew heard this, he snatched the 
said plate from the hands of the said Robert, and ran off with it to 
the bridge over the water which is called Avon, and threw the said 
plate into the water, being followed by many Christians, who saw what 
he did ; and by reason of the concourse and the general clamour the 
said affair came to his, the Constable's, notice, and for that cause he 
arrested the Jew and detained him in prison ; and pursuant to the 
said writ he delivered the body of the said Aaron to Cresse, son of 
Isaac, Cresse le Prestre, and Abraham Honprud, Jews, who main- 
perned him, Aaron, to have his body before etc., and have him not. 
And therefore the Constable is commanded, that he arrest them with 
the said Aaron, and keep them safe, so that he have their bodies 
before etc., to answer to the King, why they have not the said Aaron, 
and touching certain charges to be made against them etc. On which 
day Cresse, son of Isaac, and Abraham Honprud came and made fine 
for the said mainprise, as appears in the roll of Holy Trinity Term next 
following. And the said Aaron came, and was charged as to the said 
plate, and divers other trespasses etc., and, being asked, how he would 
acquit himself thereof, says, that this infamy is laid to his charge by 
persons who have a grudge against him, and he craves leave to acquit 
himself by Jews alone, and not by Christians. And because he refuses 
to acquit himself by Christians and Jews, according to the Law and 
Custom of Jewry, he is committed into the custody of John de La 
Heth and Adam Prodhome, to take him to Hereford Gaol, and there to 
deliver him to the Sheriff, to be kept in gaol, until etc. Thereafter 
he made fine with our Lord the King for release of suit, as appears in 
the roll of the Term next following. 

London. Martin, son of Gilbert Le Bas, citizen of London, came before etc., 

and made acknowledgment by the underwritten writing to the effect 
following : — To all who shall see or hear this writing Martin, son of 
Gilbert Le Bas, citizen of London, greeting in the Lord : — Know that, 



Warr. Leic. 



122 SCACCAEIUM JUDEORUM 

hac present! carta omnino, de me et beredibus meis et assignatis, quieta 
clarnasse in perpetuurn Magistro Elie, filio Magistri Mossei, Judeo, 
Londonie, et toti cornmunitati Judeorurn Anglie, et heredibus eorum 
et assignatis, pro x m. quas mibi dederunt pre manibus, totum jus et 
clarnium quod babui, vel babere potui, in tota terra, cum domibus 
superediricatis, quam Eicardus, filius Gilberti Le Bas, frater mens, 
aliquando babuit in parocbia S. Egidii extra Crepilgate, inter terrain 
que tunc fuit Magistri Johannis Eosemnnd (?) et nunc est Tbome 
S. Laurentii, versus Aquilonem, et venellam, sicut vertitur ad Fossa- 
turn Londonie, versus Austrum, et vicum Regis versus Orientem, et 
Cimiterium totius communitatis Judeorurn Anglie versus Occidentem, 
et illam totam integre et plenarie dicto Magistro Elie dedit et carta 
sua confirrnavit sine ullis sibi retenementis, habendam sibi et corn- 
munitati predicte, beredibus suis et assignatis, libere, quiete, bene, 
integre et in pace in perpetuurn ; ita quod nee ego, beredes mei nee 
assignati, nee aliqui alii per nos nee pro nobis, aliquod jus vel clarnium 
in predicta terra, cum domibus superediricatis, nee in aliquo ad earn 
pertinente, aliquo modo exigere poterimus de cetero vel vendicare ; et 
ut bee mea concessio et quieta clamancia rata et stabilis in perpetuurn 
permaneat, buic quiete clamancie sigilli mei impressionem apposui : 
biis testibus : Dominis Hamone Hauteyn et Boberto de Ludbam, 
Justiciariis etc. 



Tbomas de Bromwicb, a quo exiguntur xx 1. de debito Mossei, filii 
Leonis, Judei dampnati, tulit breve Eegis de Magno Sigillo in bee 
verba : — Edwardus etc. Justiciariis suis ad custodiam Judeorurn assig- 
natis salutem. Ex querela Tbome filii Eogeri, de Bronnvicb, accepimus, 
quod, cum ipse Mosseo, filio Leonis, Judeo nostro, Warrewici, parum 
antequam idem Judeus pro retonsione monete nostre suspensus fuisset, 
de tresdecim marcis, in quibus eidem Judeo tenebatur per quoddam 
scriptum continens xx 1., quod in Arcba Cirograpborum adhuc residet, 
sicut racionabiliter monstrare coram vobis paratus est, satisfecerit, 
vos, nicbilominus, occasione suspensionis predicti Judei, et capcionis 
debitorum et aliorum bonorum suorum in manum nostram, jam post 
mortem ejus predictam pecuniam pretextu predicti scripti ab eodem 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, AD. 1282-3 122 

for myself and my heirs and assigns, I have granted and by this 
present charter altogether quitclaimed for ever to Master Elias, son of 
Master Moses, Jew, of London, and the entire community of the Jews 
of England, and their heirs and assigns, for 10 marks which they 
have given me in hand, all the right and claim which I had, or might 
have, in all the land, with the houses thereon built, which Richard, 
son of Gilbert Le Bas, my brother, once had in the parish of St. Giles 
without Cripplegate, betwixt the land which then belonged to Master 
John Rosamund (?) and now belongs to Thomas St. Laurence to- 
wards the North, and the alley, as it curves to the Fosse of London, 
towards the South, and the King's highway towards the East, and the 
Cemetery of the entire community of the Jews of England towards 
the West, all which he gave and by his charter confirmed in entire 
and full right to the said Master Elias, without reservation of aught 
to himself, to have to him and the said community, 1 their heirs and 
assigns, freely, quietly, well, in entirety, and in peace for ever ; so that 
neither I, nor my heirs nor my assigns, nor any others through us or 
for us, shall have power in future to exact or in any manner enforce 
any right or claim in the said land and houses thereon built, or any 
appurtenances thereof ; and that this my grant and quitclaim may 
hold good and endure for ever unimpaired, I have hereto set my 
seal : witness : Sir Hamo Hauteyn and Sir Robert de Ludham, 
Justices etc. 



Thomas of Bromwich, of whom are demanded £20 on account of 
a debt due to Moses, son of Leo, Jew condemned, brought a writ of 
the King under the Great Seal to the effect following : — Edward etc. to 
his Justices assigned to the custody of the Jews greeting :— By plaint 
of Thomas FitzRoger, of Bromwich, We are informed, that, notwith- 
standing shortly before Moses, son of Leo, our Jew, of Warwick, was 
hanged for coin-clipping, he discharged a debt of 13 marks, in which 
he was bound to the said Jew by a writing containing £20, which is 
still in the Chirograph-Chest, as he is rightfully ready to prove before 
you, nevertheless you, by reason that the said Jew is hanged, and 
that the debts due to him and his other goods are taken into our 
hand, do now after his death set up the said writing, and thereunder 

1 We can hardly doubt that it was thus site of the cemetery. See Stow, ' Survey of 

intended to replace by a secret trust one of London,' ed. Strype, book iii. 88-9 ; and 

the closed synagogues. Cf. Introduction, cf. A.-J.H.E.P. i. 35. 
p. xl. Jewin Street still serves to fix the 



]23 SCACCARIUM JUDEOKUM 

Thoma ad opus nostrum exigitis, et eurn ad hoc distringi facitis, in 
ipsius Thome dampnum non modicum et gravamen. Et quia super 
premissis certiorari volumus, vobis mandamus, quod inspectis rotulis 
Scaccarii predicti, et facta hide diligenti inquisicione, si necesse fuerit, 
per sacramentum proborum et legalium hominum, scilicet, tarn 
Christianorum quam Judeorum, per quos rei Veritas melius sciri 
poterit, utrum predictus Thomas, antequam debita et alia bona et 
catalla predicti Judei ad manum nostram devenerunt, eidem Judeo de 
predicta pecunia, prout debuit, satisfecerit, necne, et si sic, quo anno, 
et quando, et in quorum presencia, et per quern, et qualiter et quomodo, 
eandem inquisicionem distincte et aperte factam, sub sigillis vestris et 
sigillis eorum per quos facta fuerit, Nobis sine dilacione mittatis, et hoc 
breve, et districcionem ei ea occasione factam interim relaxetis. Teste 
Me ipso apud Eothelan viij die Octobris anno regni nostri decimo. 
Per ipsum Eegem. 

Per hoc breve preceptum est Yicecomiti Warrewic', quod venire 
faciat coram etc. apud Salopiam, 1 a die Pasche in xv dies, sex 
probos et legales homines de villa Warrewici, et Vicecomiti 
Northampton', quod venire faciat coram etc., ad eundem diem, 
sex legales Judeos de hiis qui solebant manere apud Warrewicum, 
ad inquirendum in forma predicta super premissis veritatem, et 
districcionem etc. 

Ad quern diem inquisicio non venit, et preceptum est Vicecomiti, 
sicut alias, a die S. Johannis in xv dies. Ad quern diem inquisicio 
non venit, et preceptum est Vicecomiti, sicut pluries, a die S. Michaelis 
in tres septimanas, nisi Hamo Hauteyn, Henricus de Bray, vel 
Eobertus de Ludham interim etc. 

Et dicti Henricus de Bray et Eobertus de Ludham venerunt ad 
partes illas, et inde coram eis ceperunt inquisicionem per sacramentum 
Henrici de Bromwich, Eicardi filii Henrici, Simonis de Eokeby, 
Henrici Wodard, Eogeri de Stodle, Nicholai de Bruer, Christianorum ; 
Isaac, filii Isaac, Abrahe de Eothewell, Saunte de Lincolnia, Sampsonis, 
filii Samuelis, Mossei, filii Avegaye, et Benedicti Le Chapelein, Judeo- 
rum. Qui dicunt super sacramentum suum, quod starrum, quod 
predictus Thomas protulit coram etc., bonum est et legale, et quod per 
xiij m. quietus esse debet de predicto debito xx 1., et quod dictas xiij m. 
dicto Mosseo solvit in presencia Willelmi Hamelyn, tunc Vicecomitis, et 



1 The Court had been removed to Shrews- 1282. Kot. Lit. Claus. 10 Ed. I. m. 8. 
)ury, pursuant to a writ dated 10 April 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1282-3 123 

of the said Thomas do demand the said money to our use, and 
do cause him to be therefor distrained, to his, Thomas's, no small 
damage and grievance. And because We would be certified touching 
the premises, We command you, that you inspect the rolls of the said 
Exchequer, and thereof make careful inquest, if need be, by oath of 
true and lawful men, to wit, as well Christians as Jews, by whom the 
truth of the matter may be the better known, whether the said Thomas 
did, before the debts due to the said Jew and his other goods and 
chattels came to our hand, discharge the said debt to the said Jew, 
or no, and if he did so, in what year, and when, and by whom, and how 
and in what manner, and in whose presence, and the said inquest, 
wherein its effect shall plainly appear, do send to Us without delay 
under your seals and the seals of those by whom it shall have been 
made, and this writ, and in the meantime discharge the distress 
made upon him for that cause. Witness Myself at Bhuddlan on 
the 8th day of October in the tenth year of our reign. By the King 
himself. 

Pursuant to this writ the Sheriff of Warwickshire is commanded 
to cause to come before etc. at Shrewsbury, on Easter quindene, six 
true and lawful men of the town of Warwick, and the Sheriff of 
Northamptonshire is commanded to cause to come before etc., on the 
same clay, six lawful Jews of those who used to reside at Warwick, to 
make inquest of the truth touching the premises in form aforesaid, 
and the distress etc. 

On which day the inquest did not come, and the Sheriff had 
mandate, as before, for the quindene of St. John the Baptist. On 
which day the inquest did not come, and the Sheriff had mandate, as 
once and again, for Michaelmas three weeks, unless in the meantime 
Hamo Hauteyn, Henry de Bray, 1 or Eobert de Ludham etc. 

And the said Henry de Bray and Eobert de Ludham came to those 
parts, and took inquest of the matter by oath of Henry de Bromwich, 
Richard FitzHenry, Simon de Eokeby. Henry Woodard, Eoger de 
Studley, Nicholas de Bruer, Christians; Isaac, son of Isaac, Abraham 
of Eothwell, Saunta of Lincoln, Sampson, son of Samuel, Moses, son 
of Avegay, and Benedict Le Chapelein, Jews. Who say upon their 
oath, that the starr, which the said Thomas produced before etc., is 
good and lawful, and that thereby he is to be quit of the said debt of 
£20 for 13 marks, and that he paid the said 13 marks to the said 
Moses in presence of William Hanilyn, then Sheriff, and Peter de 

1 Escheator for the hither side of Trent, Jews. Cal. Patent Eolls (Rolls Ser.), Ed. I. 
not at this time a regular Justice of the 1281-92, pp. 35 et seq. 



124 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

Petri de Leicestria, videlicet, in duobus equis, precii ix m., et iiij m. in 
denariis, quos idem Thomas solvit dicto Judeo in crastino S. Hillarii 
anno Eegis Edwardi quarto. Et ista inquisicio capta fuit die Martis 
in festo S. Margarete anno Eegis Edwardi xj°, apud Northamptonam, 
coram predictis Eoberto de Ludham et Henrico de Bray. 



DE QUINDENA S. HILLAEII ET IN CEASTINO PUBIFICA- 
TIONIS BEATE MAEIE ANNO UNDECIMO. 

iatnt 2 ' m ' Z ' Simon de Wintonia, per attornatum suum, optulit se iiij t0 die versus 
Nicholaum, filium Ade Thurmund, rectorem ecclesie de Winchefeld, de 
placito acquietacionis debiti. Et ipse non venit. Et mandatum fuit 
Episcopo Wintoniensi, quod ipsum distringeret per bona sua ecclesias- 
tica, et quod haberet corpus ejus coram etc., hie. Et officialis Win- 
toniensis mandavit, quod preceptum domini sui, Domini Episcopi, bona 
ecclesiastica dicti Nicholai sequestravit et eum citavit, quod compareat 
coram etc. a die Pasche in unum mensem, ad respondendum etc. Et 
quod Episcopus tunc sit ibi auditurus judicium suum, eo quod breve 
predictum non retornavit, sicut sibi mandatum fuit etc. 



dorso. Suit. 
Suss. 



Preceptum fuit Vicecomiti, quod per visum proborum et legalium 
hominum vendi faceret bona et catalla que cepit in manum Eegis de 
bonis et catallis Willelmi de Heire et Matildis, uxoris sue, pro xx m. de 
quodam debito xxx 1. quas Gamaliel de Oxonia, Judeus, recuperavit 
versus predictos Willelmum et Matildem occasione quorundam reddi- 
tuum, quos tenet, qui fuerunt Johannis de Canvile, et de denariis inde 
provenientibus et aliis catallis dictorum Willelmi et Matildis fieri 
faceret predictas xx m., et eas dicto Judeo vel nuncio liberaret, et quid 
inde fecerit scire faceret Justiciariis etc. Et Vicecomes mandavit, quod 
habet in custodia sua de catallis dictorum Willelmi et Matildis fieri 
factas dictas xx m. Et eas habeat coram etc. a die Pasche in tres 
septimanas, dicto Judeo solvendas etc. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1283 124 

Leicester, to wit, by two horses, price 9 marks, and 4 marks in coin, 
which the said Thomas delivered to the said Jew on the morrow of 
St. Hilary in the fourth year of King Edward. And this inquest was 
taken on Tuesday, the feast of St. Margaret, in the 11th year of 
King Edward, at Northampton, before the said Robert de Ludham 
and Henry de Bray. 



THE QUINDENE OF ST. HILARY AND THE MORROW OF 
THE PURIFICATION OF BLESSED MARY IN THE 
ELEVENTH YEAR. [a.d. 1283.] 

Simon of Winchester, by his attorney, offered himself on the fourth 
day against Nicholas, son of Adam Thurmund, rector of the church of 
Winchfield, touching a plea of acquittance of debt. And he did not 
come. And the Bishop of Winchester was commanded to distrain 
him by his chattels ecclesiastical, and to have his body before etc., 
here. And the official of Winchester sent word, that by precept of his 
lord, the Lord Bishop, the chattels ecclesiastical of the said Nicholas 
have been sequestrated, and he himself has been cited to appear before 
etc. a month after Easter, to answer etc. And let the Bishop then be 
there to hear his judgment, because he did not return the said writ, 
as he was commanded etc. 

The Sheriff was commanded, that by view of true and lawful men 
he cause to be sold the goods and chattels which, of the goods and 
chattels of William de Heire and Matilda, his wife, he took into 
the King's hand for 20 marks of a debt of £30 which Gamaliel of 
Oxford, Jew, recovered against the said William and Matilda in 
respect of certain rents, which he holds, which belonged to John de 
Canville, and that of the moneys thence issuing and other chattels 
of the said William and Matilda he cause to be made the said 20 
marks, and deliver them to the said Jew or his agent, and do the 
Justices etc. to wit, what in that regard he shall have done. And the 
Sheriff sent word, that he has in his keeping the said 20 marks made 
of the chattels of the said William and Matilda. And let him have 
them before etc. three weeks after Easter, that they be paid to the 
said Jew etc. 



125 SCACCAETUM JUDEOEUM 



DE TEEMINO PASCHE ANNO UNDECIMO. 

Cum Josceus Le Clerk, de Stanford-super-Soram, Eogerus Carpen- 
taria, de eadem, Thomas de Leyk', Johannes de Ulnethorp', manens 
in Stanford-super-Soram, Eobertus de Hotot, manens in Stanford- 
super-Soram, Godefridus Carpentarius, de eadem, et Stephanus Asby, 
de Eempiston, tenentes quasdam partes terrarum que fuerunt Eogeri 
filii Eogeri, de Stanford-super-Soram, districti fuissent ad reddendum 
Eegi porciones ipsos contingentes occasione predietarum terrarum 
quas tenent, que fuerunt predicti Eogeri, de quodam debito x m. 
de debito Samuelis, filii Mossei, de Pavely, Judei ad Fidem Chris- 
tianam conversi, per Willelrnum, filium Anketini, de Stanford-super- 
Soram, venerunt coram Justiciariis etc., et dicunt, quod non tenentur 
de aliqua porcione dicti debiti x m. respondere, eo quod satisfecerunt 
predicto Samueli de porcionibus ipsos contingentibus, tempore quo 
habuit liberam administracionem bonorum suorum, et antequam se 
convertit ad Fidem Christianam, et eis inde starrum fecit de acquie- 
tancia ; et de hoc ponunt se super patriam. Et preceptum est Vice- 
comiti, quod venire faciat coram etc., a die Sancti Johannis Baptiste, 
Cirographarios Christianos et Judeos Arche Cirographorum Noting- 
ham', et sex probos et legales homines de visneto de Stanford-super- 
Soram, et sex legales Judeos de villa Notingham', per quos etc., et qui 
nulla etc., ad recognoscendum in forma predicta etc. 



INQUISICIO CAPTA COEAM H. HAUTEYN APUD TUBBIM 
LONDONIE IN CEASTINO CLAUSI PASCHE. 

Cum Jacobus de Bedford, Benne de Bedford, Josceus Batecok', 
Judei, rettati essent de quadam roberia xxviij et xij m. facta 
apud Bedford super quosdam mercatores extraneos, et Willelmus 
Le Gaoler, racione consensus hujus roberie, capti essent et impri- 
sonati apud Bedford, preceptum fuit Vicecomiti, quod predictos 
Jacobum et alios sub salvo et securo conductu duci faceret usque 
Turrim Londonie, ita quod ipsos habeat coram etc. in crastino Clausi 
Pasche, ad standum recto etc., et scire faceret omnibus versus ipsos 
prosequi volentibus quod sint ibidem, si sibi viderint expedire etc., et 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1283 125 



EASTER TERM IN THE ELEVENTH YEAR. 

Whereas Joce Le Clerc, of Stanford-on-Soar, Roger Carpenter, of 
the same place, Thomas of Leake, John of Owthorpe, 1 residing at 
Stanford-on-Soar, Robert of Hotot, residing at Stanford-on-Soar, 
Godfrey Carpenter, of the same place, and Stephen Ash by, of Remp- 
stone, tenants of certain parcels of land which belonged to Roger Fitz- 
Roger, of Stanford-on-Soar, were distrained to render to the King the 
portions, for which, in respect of their tenure of the said lands which 
belonged to the said Roger, they are liable, of a certain debt of 10 
marks, owing to Samuel, son of Moses, of Pavely, Jew converted 
to the Christian Faith ; they, by William, son of Anketin, of Stanford- 
on-Soar, came before the Justices etc., and say, that they are not 
bound to answer for any portion of the said debt of 10 marks, because 
they satisfied the said Samuel in respect of the portions for which 
they were liable, while he was still free to dispose of his chattels, and 
before he was converted to the Christian Faith, and he made them a 
starr of acquittance thereof ; and touching this they put themselves 
upon the country. And the Sheriff is commanded to cause to come 
before etc., on the day of St. John the Baptist, the Christian and 
Jewish Chirographers of the Nottingham Chirograph-Chest, and six 
true and lawful men of the venue of Stanford-on-Soar, and six lawful 
Jews of the town of Nottingham, by whom etc., and who by no affinity 
etc., to recognise in form aforesaid etc. 

INQUEST TAKEN BEFORE HAMO HAUTEYN AT THE TOWER 
OF LONDON ON THE MORROW OF THE CLOSE OF 
EASTER. 

Whereas, upon a charge of robbery of eight and twenty and 
twelve marks done at Bedford upon certain foreign merchants, 
Jacob of Bedford, Benne of Bedford, and Joce Batecock, Jews, and 
William Le Gaoler, for complicity in the robbery, were taken and 
imprisoned at Bedford, the Sheriff was commanded, that he cause the 
said Jacob and the others to be brought under safe and sure conduct 
to the Tower of London, so that he have them before etc., on the 
morrow of the Close of Easter, to stand to right etc., and that he do 
all intending to prosecute them to wit, that they be at the same 
place, if they deem it expedient, and that he cause to come before 

1 See Thoroton, Nottinghamshire, ed. Throsby, i. 157. 



12G SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

quod venire faceret coram etc., ad eundem diem, xij etc. de villa Bed- 
ford, et xij etc. de visneto forinseco etc., per quos etc., ad recognoscen- 
dum veritatem in premissis, si necesse fuerit. 

Ad quern diem predicti Jacobus et alii veniunt coram etc., per 
Vicecomitem Bedford' etc., et patria venit etc. ; et predicti Jacobus 
et alii inculpati per H. Hauteyn de predicta roberia per ipsos facta in 
partibus Bedford' super quosdam mercatores extraneos de predicta 
pecunia xxviij et xij in., quomodo se velint quietare. 1 Et predicti 
Jacobus et alii veniunt et defendunt omnem feloniam et quicquid 
etc., et dicunt, quod numquam aliquam roberiam fecerunt super dictos 
mercatores, nee alios; et de hoc ponunt se super patriam, videlicet, 
Christianos et Judeos. Et quia Judei non fuerunt prompti ad facien- 
dum recognitionem cum Christianis etc., datus est dies recognitoribus 
in panello Vicecomitis contentis, de die in diem usque die Dominica 
proxima sequenti, 2 et interim Josceus Batecok' et Jacobus de Bedford 
tendebant dare predicto Hamoni xxx m., ut ipsos adjuvaret, et per sicut 
idem Josceus faceret commodum Domini Regis ad valenciam M m., 
et insuper, factum suum in premissis omnino recognoscerent. Et 
predictus Hamo predictas xxx m. recepit ad opus Domini Regis. 

Postea, ad predictum diem Dominicum ' 2 patria venit, tarn per 
Christianos quam Judeos etc. ; et predicti Jacobus et alii veniunt et 
fatentur fecisse quandam defraudacionem quibusdam mercatoribus de 
predicta pecunia, et dicunt, quod illi mercatores venerunt apud 
Bedford, et petiebant platas emendas de retonsura monete, et ipsi, 
non habentes, asserebant se habere usque ad nongentas libras, vide- 
licet, libram pro xij s. ; et in subarracione dicti mercatores solverunt 
eis xxviij et xij m., et de residuo dicti mercatores fecerunt eisdem Judeis 
unum scriptum obligatorium, continens circa xxx saccos lane, sub 
nominibus Bonhri de La Mote et Joscei Batecok' Judei ; quam quidem 
pecuniam ita recognoscunt se recepisse, et dictos mercatores de pre- 
dicta pecunia defraudarunt ; et quod aliter earn non habuerunt, petunt 
quod inquiratur. 

Et patria venit per Alanum Marescallum, Adam ad Aquam, Christia- 
nos etc., et per Isaac Cochard, Cressandinum, et alios Judeos etc., prout 
patet etc., juratores etc. Qui dicunt super sacramentum suum, quod 



Requisiti sunt ' is implied in ' inculpati.' 2 Sic. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1283 126 

etc., on the same clay, twelve etc. of the town of Bedford, and twelve 
etc. of the outer : venue etc., by whom etc., to recognise the truth in 
the premises, if it be necessary. 

On which day the said Jacob and the others come before etc., by 
the Sheriff of Bedford etc., and the country comes etc. ; and the said 
Jacob and the others, charged by Hamo Hauteyn with the said 
robbery of the said money, to wit, the eight and twenty and twelve 
marks, done at or near Bedford on certain foreign merchants, are 
asked, how they mean to acquit themselves thereof. And the said 
Jacob and the others come and make defence to all the felony and 
whatever etc., and say, that they never did any robbery on the said 
merchants, nor on any others ; and touching this they put themselves 
upon the country, to wit, upon Christians and Jews. And because 
the Jews were not ready to make recognition with the Christians etc., 2 
a day is given to the recognitors on the Sheriff's panel, day by day 
until the Sunday next following, and in the meantime Joce Batecock 
and Jacob of Bedford offered to give the said Hamo 30 marks, that he 
should help them, and the said Joce would accommodate the King to 
the amount of 1,000 marks, and furthermore, they would acknowledge 
all that they had done in the premises. And the said Hamo received 
the said 30 marks to the use of the King. 

Afterwards, on the said Sunday the country comes, as well by 
Christians as by Jews etc., and the said Jacob and the others come 
and confess, that they committed a fraud upon certain merchants 
touching the said money, and say, that the merchants came to 
Bedford, and offered to buy of them plates fused from coin-clippings, 
and they, not having them, said, that they had them to the value of 
£900, to wit, one pound for 12s. ; and by way of earnest the said 
merchants paid them eight and twenty and twelve marks, and for the 
residue the said merchants made to them, the said Jews, a writing of 
obligation, for about 30 sacks of wool, under the names of Bonin de 
La Motte and Joce Batecock, the Jew ; which money they thus acknow- 
ledge that they received, and that they defrauded the said merchants 
of the said money ; and that they had it not otherwise, thereof they 
pray that inquest be had. 

And the country comes by Alan Marshall, Adam Atwater, Chris- 
tians etc., and by Isaac Cochard, Cressandin, and other Jews etc., as 
appears etc., jurors etc. Who say on their oath, that the said 

1 Because the merchants were strangers, by the so-called statute printed in Appendix 

2 Here again it is noticeable that the V. See p. Ixi, supra, 
exigency is not met in the manner authorised 



ib. m. 5, 
Bristoll. 



127 SCACCARIOI JUDEORUM 

predicti Judei non fecerunt aliquam roberiam super dictos rnercatores, 
set quod dictam pecuniarn, et plus quain potest eis ad presens constare, 
racione platarum ab eisdeni Judeis emendarum, tradiderunt predictia 
Judeis, et quod "Willelrnus Le Gaoler consentiens fuit predicte defrau- 
dacioni. Et quia compertum est per eandern inquisicionem, quod 
dicti Jacobus et alii defraudarunt predictos mercatores de predicta 
pecunia, et maxime per platas quas promiserunt eis vendidisse, com- 
rnittuntur prisone etc., quousque Donrinus Rex etc. Postea requisiti 
predicti Judei, ubi dicta sit pecunia, et ad quorum manus devenerit. 
Qui dicunt, quod Benne de Bedford, unus ex predictis Judeis, recepit 
de Bonino de La Mote et Jakemino, socio suo, rnercatoribus, xvij m., 
et per rnanurn Joscei Batecok xvj m. ; et hoc idem predictus Benne, 
qui presens fuit, recognovit. Item, Jacobus de Bedford, unus ex iisdem 
Judeis, recognovit se habere quoddam scriptum obligatorium sub 
nominibus Bonini de La Mote et Joscei Batecok de xxx saccis lane. 
Item, idem Jacobus recognovit se recepisse de Bonino de La Mote xl m. 
Item, iidem Benne, Jacobus et Josceus dicunt, quod Benne, frater 
Jacobi de Bedford, habuit xl s. Item, Willelrnus Le Gaoler habuit x m. 
Quidam vadletti ipsos auxiliantes ij m. et dim. Requisiti, ubi residuum 
devenerit, dicunt, quod distribuebant inter se et expendiderunt, et 
dederunt ballivis et aliis diversis hominibus, ut ipsos adjuvarent etc. 



Cum Aaron de Hibernia, Judeus, filius Benjamin de Colecestria, 
imprisonatus fuisset et per multum tempus in prisona detentus pro 
quadam plata de retonsura monete, quani projecisse debuit in Avonam 
apud Bristoll', prout Constabularius mandat, et pro aliis transgres- 
sionibus et decepcionibus sibi impositis, pro secta Regis relaxanda dat 
iij.bisa Piegi iij biss. per plegios, Isaac le Eveske, de Londonia, Pictavinum, 
filium Sampsonis, et Meir de Bruges, unde unusquisque eorum manu- 
cepit satisfacere de j biss. ; et dat Regi viij s. redditus in Colecestria in 
perpetuum pro predicta secta Regis relaxanda. Et preceptum est 
Yicecomiti Essexe, quod diligenter inquirat quas domos, redditus etc. 
dictus Aaron habuit in Colecestria, et ilia capiat in manum Regis, ita 
quod de cetero hide possit Regi respondere, et quid etc. scire faciat etc. 
in quindena S. Johannis. Et idem Aaron pro predicta transgressione 
sibi imposita abjuravit villain Bristoll', ita quod post diem S. Johannis 
proximo futuram non intrabit villain Bristoll' sine speciali mandato 
Domini Regis. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1283 127 

Jews did no robbery upon the said merchants, but that the said money, 
with more than they are able at present to certify, was given by 
the said merchants to the said Jews on account of the intended pur- 
chase of plates from the said Jews, and that William Le Gaoler was 
a consenting party in the said fraud. And because it is found by the 
said inquest, that the said Jacob and the others defrauded the said 
merchants of the said money, and that too by means of a promise to 
sell them plates, they are committed to prison etc., until our Lord 
the King etc. Thereafter the said Jews are asked, where the said 
money is, and into whose hands it came. Who say, that Benne of 
Bedford, one of the said Jews, received from Bonin de La Motte and 
Jakemin, his partner, merchants, 17 marks, and by the hand of Joce 
Batecock 16 marks ; and this the said Benne, who was present, 
acknowledged. And Jacob of Bedford, one of the said Jews, acknow- 
ledged, that he had a writing of obligation under the names of Bonin 
de La Motte and Joce Batecock for 30 sacks of wool. And the said 
Jacob acknowledged, that he received from Bonin de La Motte 40 
marks. And the said Benne, Jacob, and Joce say that Benne, 
brother of Jacob of Bedford, had 40s. And William Le Gaoler had 
10 marks. Certain servants who helped them had 2^ marks. Asked, 
where the rest went to, they say, that they shared it among them and 
spent it, and gave it to bailiffs and sundry other men, that they should 
help them. 

Whereas Aaron, of Ireland, Jew, son of Benjamin of Colchester, 
was imprisoned and long detained in prison on account of a plate fused 
from coin-clippings, which he would appear to have thrown into the 
Avon at Bristol, as the Constable sends word, and for other trespasses 
and frauds laid to his charge, he now, for release of suit, gives to the 
King 3 bezants by pledges, Isaac le Eveske, of London, Pictavin, son 
of Sampson, and Meir, of Bridgnorth, each of whom undertook to 
answer for a bezant ; and he also gives the King 8s. of rent in Col- 
chester for ever for the said release of suit. And the Sheriff of Essex 
is commanded, that he inquire diligently what houses, rents etc. the 
said Aaron had in Colchester, and take them into the King's hand, 
so that thenceforth he may answer therefor to the King, and do the 
Justices to wit what etc. on the quindene of St. John. And for the 
said trespass laid to his charge the said Aaron has abjured the town of 
Bristol, so that he will not enter the town of Bristol without special 
mandate of the King after the day of St. John the Baptist next to 
be. 



128 SCACOARIUM JUDEORUM 

ib.m.9. Cum Willelmus Peyuteuin, de Addinglega, districtus fuisset ad 

reddendum Eegi xx 1. de debitis Mossei, filii Bonefey, pro transgres- 
sions monete forisfactis, venit coram etc., et dicit, quod satisfecit pre- 
dicto Mosseo de predictis xx 1. tempore quo habuit administracionem 
bonorum suorum, et starrum acquietancie ei inde fecit, quod protulifc 
coram etc., in bee verba :— Ego, Mosseus, films' Bonefey, Judeus, 
Eboraci, recognovi per hoc presens starrum meuin, quod Willelmus 
Peyuteuin, de Addinglega, et omnes heredes et assignati sui sunt quieti 
de me, dicto Mosseo, et de omnibus heredibus meis et assignatis, de 
quadam carta que loquitur de xl 1. per Archain Cirograpborum Eboraci 
sub nomine dicti Willelmi et nomine meo, Mossei, ab origine mundi 
usque ad finem seculi, et omnibus aliis debitis, in quibus dictus 
Willelmus unquam michi, dicto Mosseo, tenebatur, per cartas, tallias, 
vel per aliqua alia instrumenta, pro se ipso, vel pro aliis, sive pro plegiis 
aliorum ab origine mundi usque ad festum S. Michaelis anno regni 
Begis Edwardi quinto ; et ego, dictus Mosseus et heredes mei dictum 
Willelmum et heredes suos et assignatos versus omnes homines, tarn 
Christianos quam Judeos, occasione predicte carte et occasione alicujus 
debiti in quo dictus Willelmus unquam michi, dicto Mosseo, usque ad 
festum S. Michaelis anno regni Kegis Edwardi quinto tenebatur, 
acquietabimus et itidempnes inperpetuum conservabimus. In cujus 
rei testimonium presens scriptum litera mea Ebraica consignavi. 

Et quod satisfecit dicto Mosseo tempore licito et debito, ut supra- 
dictum est, ponit se super patriam. Et preceptum est Vicecomiti, 
quod distringat Thomam de Benyngburgo et alios recognitores dicte 
inquisicionis per terras etc., et quod habeat corpora eorum coram etc., 
a die S. Michaelis in xv dies etc., nisi Nicholaus de Stapiltona 
prius etc. 

Postea Nicholaus de Stapiltona retornavit inquisicionem a die 
S- Trinitatis in xv dies coram eo factam per sacramentum Thome de 
Benyngburgo, Ade de Benyngburgo, et aliorum Christianorum, Mossei 
de Coltona, Jacobi Le Kuby, et aliorum Judeorum. Qui dicunt, quod 
Willelmus de Addinglega satisfecit Mosseo, filio Bonefey, Judeo, de 
quodam debito xx 1., et inde idem Mosseus fecit starrum predicto 
Willelmo de acquietancia, uno anno elapso antequam Judei Anglie pro 
tonsura monete capti essent per communitatem per preceptum Kegis, 
et eo tempore quo fecit starrum predictum, habuit liberam administra- 
cionem bonorum suorum. Ideo concessum est, quod predictus Willel- 
mus Peyuteuin de predicto debito xx 1. sit quietus, et quod carta de 
eodem debito eidem liberetur quiete dampnata. Et preceptum est 
Vicecomiti, quod pro eodem debito ipsum non distringat etc. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.U. 1283 128 

Whereas William Peitevin, of Headingley, was distrained to pay the 
King £20 of the debts owing to Moses, son of Bonefey, forfeited for 
trespass of coinage, he comes before etc., and says, that he paid the 
said Moses the said £20, and the said Moses, having then free disposal 
of his goods, made him a starr of acquittance thereof, which he pro- 
duced before etc., to the effect following : — I, Moses, son of Bonefey, 
Jew, of York, have acknowledged by this my present starr, that 
William Peitevin, of Headingley, and all his heirs and assigns are emit 
as to me, the said Moses, and all my heirs and assigns, of a charter 
which speaks of £40 through the York Chirograph-Chest under the 
names of the said William and me, Moses, from the beginning to the 
end of the world, and of all other debts, in which the said William 
was ever bound to me, the said Moses, by charters, tallies, or any other 
instruments, upon his own account, or upon account of others or their 
pledges, from the beginning of the world to the feast of St. Michael in 
the fifth year of the reign of King Edward ; and I, the said Moses, 
and my heirs will the said William and his heirs and assigns acquit 
and for ever keep indemnified against all men, as well Christians as 
Jews, in regard of the said charter and of any debt in which the said 
William was ever bound to me, the said Moses, to the feast of St. 
Michael in the fifth year of the reign of King Edward. In witness 
whereof I have signed this present writing in my Hebrew character. 

And that he paid the said Moses at a lawful and proper time, as to 
this he puts himself upon the country. And the Sheriff is com- 
manded, that he distrain Thomas de Benningbrough and the other 
recognitors of the said inquest by lands etc., and have their bodies 
before etc., on the quindene of St. Michael etc., unless before then 
Nicholas de Stapilton etc. 

Afterwards Nicholas de Stapilton returned the inquest made before 
him on the quindene of Holy Trinity by oath of Thomas de Benning- 
brough, Adam de Benningbrough, and other Christians, Moses of 
Colton, Jacob Le Euby, and other Jews. Who say, that William of 
Headingley discharged a debt of £20 to Moses, son of Bonefey, Jew, 
and thereof the said Moses made the said William a starr of acquit- 
tance, one year before the arrest by royal warrant of the entire Jewry 
of England for coin-clipping, and that when he made the said starr he 
had the free disposal of his goods. It is therefore granted, that the 
said William Peitevin be quit of the said debt of £20, and that the 
charter for the said debt be delivered to him quit and cancelled. 
And the Sheriff is commanded, that he distrain him not for the said 
debt etc. 



Rot. 44, m. 3. 

Devon. 

Bristoll. 



120 SCACCAEIUM JUDEORUM 



DE TEEMINO S. TRINITATIS. AD SCACCAEIUM 
JUDEOBUM APUD SALOPIAM. 

Cum Adam, filius Hamonis de La Mare, de Caluistona, districtus 
fuisset ad reddendum Eegi xxxviij m., que ab eo exiguntur per 
Bummonicionem Scaccarii Judaismi, de debito Hamonis predicti, patris 
sui, in quo Cresseus, filius Milonis le Eveske, Judeus, Bristoll', tulit 
breve Eegis de Magno Sigillo in hec verba :— Edwardus etc. Justiciariis 
suis ad custodiam Judaismi assignatis salutem : — Quia Adam de La 
Mare clamat habere acquietanciam de xxx et viij m., que ab eo 
exiguntur per summonicionem Scaccarii Judaismi nostri, de debitis 
in quibus Hamo de La Mare, pater predicti Ade, quondam tenebatur 
Cresseo, filio Milonis, Judeo, Bristoll', per starrum quod idem Adam 
hide habet, vobis mandamus, quod, inspecto starro predicto et inqui- 
sita ulterius veritate, si vobis constare poterit, quod predictus Adam 
de dicta pecunia quietus esse debeat, tunc ipsum hide quietum esse 
faciatis, prout de jure et secundum Legem et Consuetudinem Judaismi 
nostri fuerit factum. Teste Me ipso apud Eothlan xxvij die Junii 
anno regni nostri xj°. 

Et per hoc breve preceptum est Vicecomiti Somersete, quod venire 
faciat coram etc., a die S. Michaelis in xv dies, sex probos et legales 
homines de visneto de Caluistona ; et Constabulario Bristoll', quod 
venire faciat coram etc. sex legales Judeos de villa Bristoll', per quos 
etc., ad recognoscendum etc., si predictus Hamo satisfecit dicto 
Judeo de dicto debito, tempore quo etc., et starrum acquietancie ei 
fecit etc., sicut predictus Adam dicit. Ad quem diem inquisicio 
venit per Johannem de Berewik', Eobertum de Cumptona, et alios 
Christianos, Isaac de Karleun, Josceum de Karleun, et alios Judeos, 
sicut patet inter brevia Termini S. Michaelis proximo sequentis retor- 
nata. Qui dicunt supra sacramentum suum, quod starrum, quod pre- 
dictus Adam protulit coram etc., de acquietancia dicti debiti, ut dicit, 
in hec verba : — Cresseus le Eveske recognovit per starrum suum, 
quod Hamo de Caluistona et heredes sui quieti sunt de ipso Judeo 
et heredibus suis, a creacione seculi usque S. Johannis Evangeliste 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1263 129 



HOLY TEINITY TEEM. AT THE EXCHEQUER OF THE 
JEWS AT SHREWSBURY. 

Whereas Adam, son of Hanio de La Mare, of Caluiston, 1 was dis- 
trained to pay the King 38 marks, which are demanded from him by 
summons of the Exchequer of Jewry, on account of a debt of the said 
Hamo, his father, in respect of which Cresse, son of Milo le Eveske, 
Jew, of Bristol, brought a writ of the King under the Great Seal to 
the effect following : — Edward etc. to his Justices assigned to the 
custody of the Jews greeting :— Whereas Adam de La Mare, touching 
38 marks, which are demanded from him by summons of the 
Exchequer of our Jewry, on account of debts in which Hamo de La 
Mare, father of the said Adam, was formerly bound to Cresse, son of 
Milo, Jew, of Bristol, claims to have acquittance by starr which he, 
the said Adam, has thereof, We command you, that you inspect the 
said starr, and further inquire, whether it be a true starr, and if you 
shall be satisfied, that the said Adam ought to be quit touching the 
said money, then you make him quit thereof, in such wise as it may 
rightfully be done according to the Law and Custom of our Jewry. 
Witness Myself at Rhuddlan on the 27th day of June in the 11th 
year of our reign. 

x\nd by virtue of this writ the Sheriff of Somerset is commanded 
to cause to come before etc., on Michaelmas quindene, six true and 
lawful men of the venue of Caluiston ; and the Constable of Bristol 
is commanded to cause to come before etc. six lawful Jews of the town 
of Bristol, by whom etc., to recognise etc., if the said Hamo discharged 
the said debt to the said Jew at a time when etc., and if the said 
Jew made him a starr of acquittance etc., as the said Adam says. 
On which day came the inquest by John de Berwick, Robert de 
Compton, and other Christians, Isaac of Caerleon, Joce of Caerleon, 
and other Jews, as appears among the returns of the writs of 
Michaelmas Term next following. Who say upon their oath, that 
the starr, which the said Adam produced before etc., by way of 
acquittance of the said debt, as he says, to the effect following : — 
Cresse le Eveske acknowledged by his starr, that Hamo de Caluiston 
and his heirs are quit as to him, the Jew, and his heirs, of all debts 
and claims, from the beginning of the world to the feast of St. John 

1 Perhaps Callow Weston, Stalbrulge, diction. Nor was the accuracy of the 

Dorset. Hutchins, Dorset, 2nd ed. iii. 243. scribes such as to preclude the assignment 

Somerset and Dorset had a common sheriff, of a wrong venue in the margin, 
but Devonshire was under a separate juris 



130 SCACCARIUM JUDEOBUM 

infra Natale Domini anno Eegis Henrici xliij , de omnibus debitis et 
calumpniis, et eciam dictus Judeus debet acquietare dictum Hamonem 
de iij s., in quibus tenebatur Isaac de Karleun, Judeo, a die S. Martini 
in xv dies anno Eegis Henrici xl° — non est factum dicti Cressei, nee 
maim sua signatum, nee quod per predictum starrum de predictis 
xxxviij m. quietus esse debet. Et ideo consideratum est, quod pre- 
dictus Adam de predictis xxxviij m., ut prius, remaneat oneratus, et 
pro predicto falso starro, quod protulit, in misericordia. Et non 
committitur prisone, quia dictum starrum fuit factum patris sui, et 
non suum. 



DE TEEMINO S. TBINITATIS ANNO DUODECIMO. 

Rot 45, m. 2. Joceus, filius Sauloti, Judeus, venire fecit Abbatem de Eynesham, 
tenentem quamdam partem reddituum qui fuerunt Willelmi Caperun, 
et exigit ab eo viginti novem solidos de catallo et lucrum hide emersum 
ante Statuta Eegis, quos ei debet occasione predictorum reddituum 
etc., quos tenet per cirographum lx s., unde altera pars est in Archa 
Cirographorum Londonie, ut dicit. 

Et predictus Abbas, per attornatum suum, venit et dicit, quod 
non tenet aliquem redditum in Histona quern predictus Willelmus 
Caperun vendere, alienare, vel invadiare potuit, et de hoc ponit se 
super patriam. Et predictus Joceus similiter. Et preceptum est 
Vicecomiti, quod venire faciat coram etc., a die S. Johannis Baptiste 
in tres septimanas, xij etc. de visneto de Histona, per quos etc., et qui 
nulla etc., ad recognoscendum in forma predicta. 



Petrus de Ore pro pluribus defaltis versus Gamaliel de Oxonia 
Judeum in misericordia. 

Gamaliel de Oxonia, Judeus, venire fecit Petrum de Ore, tenentem 
quamdam partem terrarum que fuerunt Simonis de Ordeistona, et 
exigit ab eo c s. de catallo et lx s. de lucro inde ante Statuta Eegis 
emerso, quos ei debet occasione predictarum terrarum etc., per ciro- 
graphum xvij m., unde altera pars est in Archa Cirographorum Oxonie, 
ut dicit. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, AD. 1284 130 

the Evangelist at Christmastide in the forty-third year of King 
Henry, and the said Jew is also bound to acquit the said Hamo of 3s., 
in which he was bound to Isaac of Caerleon, Jew, on Martinmas 
quindene in the fortieth year of King Henry — that the starr afore- 
said is not the deed of the said Cresse, nor signed with his hand, nor 
ought the said Adam to be quit of the said 38 marks by virtue of the 
said starr. And therefore it is adjudged, that the said Adam remain, 
as before, charged with the said 38 marks, and by reason of the 
false starr, which he produced, be in mercy. And he is not com- 
mitted to prison, because the said starr was made by his father, and 
not by himself. 



HOLY TRINITY TERM IN THE TWELFTH YEAR. [a.d. 1284.] 

Joce, son of Saulot, Jew, caused to come the Abbot of Eynsham, 
tenant of part of the rents which belonged to William Caperun, and 
demands from him 29s., principal, and interest thence arisen before 
the Statutes ' of the King, which moneys he owes him in respect of 
the said rents, which rents the Jew holds by virtue of a chirograph 
for 60s., of which the other part is in the London Chirograph-Chest, 
so he says. 

And the said Abbot, by his attorney, comes and says, that he holds 
no rent in Histon which the said William Caperun was able to sell, 
alienate, or give in gage, and as to this he puts himself upon the 
country. And the said Joce likewise. And the Sheriff is commanded 
to cause to come before etc., on St. John the Baptist's day three 
weeks, 12 etc. of the venue of Histon, by whom etc., and who by no 
affinity etc., to recognise in form aforesaid. 

Peter de Ore in mercy for several defaults against Gamaliel of 
Oxford, Jew. 

Gamaliel of Oxford, Jew, caused to come Peter de Ore, tenant of 
part of the lands which belonged to Simon de Ordeiston, and demands 
from him 100s., principal, and 60s., interest thence arisen before the 
Statutes of the King, which moneys he owes him in respect of the said 
lands etc., by chirograph for 17 marks, of which the other part is in 
the Oxford Chirograph-Chest, so he says. 

1 Cf. p. 117 supra, note. Here also the V., during which interest could accrue. 

Statute of 1275 can alone be intended, for There is no trace of any enactment on the 

there could be no interval between it and subject of usury intermediate between that 

the so-called statute printed in Appendix date and this. 



131 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

Predictus Petrus vcnit et peciit diem premeditandi, et habet a die 
S. Johannis Baptiste in tres septimanas. 

i. b - m - G - Catalla Magistri Elie, Judei, def uncti. 

Loud. ° ' ' 

Inquisicio facta die Martis proxima post festuni S. Barnabe 
Apostoli coram Johanne de Kirkeby, Thesaurario ; Eogero de North- 
wode, Johanne de Cobbeham, Petro de Cestre, Baronibus ; Philippo de 
Wyleuby, Cancellario de Scaccario, et Boberto de Ludham, Justiciario ad 
custodiam Judeorum assignato ; anno regni Begis Edwardi duodecimo ; 
de bonis et catallis que Magister Elias, filius Magistri Mossei, Judeus, 
defunctus, habuit die quo egrotavit etc., ut in auro et argento etc. ; per 
sacramentum Henrici Le Cofrer, Johannis Skip, Bogeri Le Barber, 
Walteri Le Waleis, Johannis Le Cofrer, Thome de La Corner, "Walteri 
Gratefige, Nicholai de Bechesworth, Galfridi de Balesham, peletarii, 
Johannis de Peseruerche, bokeler', "Willelmi de Notingham, peyntour, et 
Johannis de Boulers, hauberg', Christianorum ; Gamaliel de Oxonia, 
Manseri, filii Aaron, Isaac de Blaungy, Isaac Le Clerk, Mossei Crespin, 
Isaac le Eveske, Cresse, filii Cresse, Benedicti Bateman, Diei le 
Eveske, Manseri Le Despenser, Elie de Cornehill et Sampsonis de 
Baleghe, Judeorum. Qui dicunt, quod predictus Magister Elias habuit 
die quo egrotavit, ut in auro et argento, jocalibus, vadiis et omnibus 
aliis mobilibus, ad valenciam cccc m., et domos, in qnibus habitare 
solebat, que valent per annum c s. Summa cclxxj 1. xiij s. 
iiij d. Que mobilia et domus, cum pertinenciis, post mortem dicti 
Judei remanserunt in manibus Elorie, que fuit uxor predicti Magistri 
Elie. Et predicta Floria venit coram predictis Thesaurario et aliis 
supradictis, et finem fecit gratis pro predictis catallis habendis, et 
domo quain diet us Judeus inhabitare solebat, tenendis quamdiu 
vixerit, per cccc m., solvendo Begi c m. ad Scaccarium in festo 
Nativitatis S. Johannis Baptiste anno regni Begis Edwardi xij°, et 
c m. ad Scaccarium ad festum S. Michaelis in Termino, anno pre- 
dicto Begis xij° incipiente xiij , et c m. in festo Hillarii proximo 
sequente, et c m. ad Scaccarium Pasche in termino proximo sequente. 

Et preceptum est Constabulario Turns, quod predicte Florie de pre- 
dictis catallis et domo liberam permittat habere administracionem etc. 

Floria, que fuit uxor Magistri Elie, filii Magistri Mossei, tulit breve 
Begis de Magno Sigillo in hec verba : — Edwardus etc. Justiciariis suis 
ad custodiam Judeorum assignatis salutem : — Mandamus vobis, quod 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1284 131 

The said Peter came and craved time to consider of it, and has 
it by adjournment to St. John the Baptist's day three weeks. 

Chattels of Master Elias, Jew, deceased. 

Inquest made on the Tuesday next after the feast of St. Barnabas 
the Apostle in the twelfth year of the reign of King Edward, before John 
de Kirkeby, Treasurer; Boger de Northwood, John de Cobham, Peter 
de Chester, Barons ; Philip de Willoughby, Chancellor of the Exchequer ; 
and Robert de Ludham, Justice assigned to the custody of the Jews ; 
touching the goods and chattels which Master Elias, son of Master 
Moses, Jew, defunct, had on the day when he fell ill etc., in gold and 
silver etc. ; by oath of Henry Le Coffrer, John Skip, Roger Le Barber, 
Walter Le Waleis, John Le Coffrer, Thomas de La Corner, Walter 
Gratefige, Nicholas de Betchworth, Geoffrey of Balesham, skinner, 
John of Peasmarsh, buckler-maker, William of Nottingham, painter, 
and John of Roulers, hauberk-maker, Christians ; Gamaliel of Oxford, 
Manser, son of Aaron, Isaac of Blangy, Isaac Le Clerc, Moses 
Crespin, Isaac le Eveske, Cresse, son of Cresse, Benedict Bateman, 
Diaia le Eveske, Manser Le Despenser, Elias of Cornhill, and Sampson 
of Rayleigh, Jews. Who say, that the said Master Elias had on the 
day when he fell ill, in gold and silver, jewels, gages, and all other 
movables, property to the value of 400 marks, and houses in which he 
resided of the yearly value of 100s. Sum £271 13s. 4(7. Which movables 
and houses, with the appurtenances, remained after the death of the 
said Jew in the hands of Floria, wife that was of the said Master Elias. 
And the said Floria came before the said Treasurer and the others 
aforesaid, and of her own accord made fine to have the said chattels, 
and the house in which the said Jew resided, to hold as long as she 
shall live, for 400 marks, whereof she is to pay the King 100 marks 
at the Exchequer at the feast of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist 
in the 12th year of the reign of King Edward, and 100 marks at the 
Exchequer at the feast of St. Michael in the Term ending the 12th and 
beginning the 13th year of the said King, and 100 marks at the feast 
of St. Hilary next following, and 100 marks at the Exchequer in 
Easter Term next following. 

And the Constable of the Tower is commanded, that he suffer the 
said Floria to have free administration of the said chattels and house. 

Floria, wife that was of Master Elias, son of Master Moses, 
brought a writ of the King under the Great Seal to the following 
effect : — Edward etc. to his Justices assigned to the custody of the Jews 
greeting : — We command you, that you suffer Floria, wife that was of 



ib, 

dorso 



132 SCACCAJRIUM JUDEOKUM 

Floriam, que fuit uxor Magistri Elie, Judei, Londonie, et familiam 
suaui in domibus, que fuerunt predicti Elie, in pace morari permittatis, 
donee aliud a Nobis habueritis in mandatis, et facta inquisicione de 
bonis et catallis ipsius Elie, et salvis Nobis hiis que ad Nos pertinent 
de bonis et catallis ipsius, predicte "Florie dotem suam inde, juxta Con- 
suetudinern Judaisnni nostri, assignari faciatis. Teste Me ipso apud 
Baladeulin xviij die Junii anno regni nostri duodecimo. 

Per hoc breve liberatur predicte Florie unum debitum sub nomi- 
nibus Walteri de Bernharu, militis, de Comitatu Cantie, et dicti Magistri 
Elie de decern saccis lane, quod appuratur ad xxx 1., actum Londonie 
die Lune proxima ante festum Apostolorum Simonis et Jude anno 
Regis Edwardi xj°, et aliud debitum sub nominibus Milonis de Hasteng, 
militis, de Comitatu Lincolnie, et predicti Judei, de quater viginti L, 
quod appuratur ad lxxv 1., actum die Veneris proxima post festum 
Translacionis S. Thome Martyris anno Begis Edwardi x n : allocatis 
predicte Florie c 1., recipiendis de illis debitis, debet restituere here- 
dibus predicti Elie c s., que supersunt ultra summam c 1. 

Iidem juratores dicunt, quod predictus Elias habuit in redditibus 
in Civitate Londonie xix 1. xvj s., preter domos quas inhabitare solebat, 
que conceduntur Florie, que fuit uxor ejus, tenende quoad vixerit, ut 
supra. 

Snmma xix 1. xvj s. 1 



Jeo, qe suy ensele desuz, reconeus verreyement verreye reconey- 



Korf. Not. saunce, pur moey, e pur tuz mes heirs, e pur touz mes assignez, qe 
Sire Jordan Foliot e tuz ses heirs e tuz ses assignez quites sunt de 
moey, e de tuz mes heirs, e de tuz mes assignez, de tutes maneres 
de dettes, parlaunz en soun noun e le men, seit par escrit, par 
chartre en Huche, ou par obligatiun, ou par reconeysaunce, ou par 
tailye, ou par pleggage, ou par autre demaunde, ou par autre manere 
de estrument, de denz Huches de Cyrogreffes ou dehors, fetes de le 
comencement du secle deskes a le endemeyn de la feste Seint Johan 
Baptiste, le an de le regne le Rey Edward, fiz le Bey Henri, douzime, 
sauve a moey mun recoverir ver Sire Bicard Foliot, e les tenaunz de 
ses terres, de un obligatioun de vint sacs de leyne, pris de le sac dis 
mars, qe parout sur les nouns le avaunt dit Sire Jordan e Sire Bicard 
Foliot e Sire Willieme Foliot. E si il i est trove autre dette par 

1 A long Inventory of credits follows. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1284 ] 32 

Master Elias, Jew, of London, and her family to remain in peace in 
the houses which belonged to the said Elias, until you shall have 
received command from Us of another tenor, and that you make 
inquest of the goods and chattels of him, Elias, and, reserving to Us 
what to Us belongs of his goods and chattels, cause her dower thereof 
to be assigned to the said Floria, according to the Custom of our 
Jewry. Witness Myself at Baladeulin on the 18th day of June in 
the twelfth year of our reign. 

By virtue of this writ there is delivered to the said Floria a debt 
under the names of Walter de Bernham, knight, of the County of Kent, 
and the said Master Elias, due in respect of 10 sacks of wool, which 
is liquidated at £30, contracted at London on the Monday next before 
the feast of the Apostles Simon and Jude in the 11th year of King 
Edward, and another debt, to wit, of £80 under the names of Milo de 
Hasteng, knight, of the County of Lincoln, and the said Jew, which is 
liquidated at £75, contracted on the Friday next after the feast of 
the Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr in the 10th year of King 
Edward : £100 being allowed to the said Floria, receivable from those 
debts, she is to restore to the heirs of the said Elias 100s., the balance 
remaining over and above the sum of £100. 

The jurors also say, that the said Elias had in rents in the City of 
London £19 16s., besides the houses in which he resided, which are 
granted to Floria, his wife that was, to hold as long as she shall live, 
as aforesaid. 1 

Sum £19 16s. 

Norf. Notts. I, whose seal is set below, do truly, for myself and for all my heirs 
and for all my assigns, make true acknowledgment, that Sir Jordan 
Foliot and all his heirs and all his assigns are quit as to me, and all 
my heirs and all my assigns, of all manner of debts, which speak in 
his name and mine, whether by writing, charter in Chest, obligation, 
acknowledgment, tally, pledgery, or other ground of action or species of 
instrument, within or without the Chirograph-Chest, from the beginning 
of the world to the morrow of the feast of St. John the Baptist in the 
twelfth year of the reign of King Edward, son of King Henry, save 
that I retain my right of recovery against Sir Richard Foliot, and his 
terre-tenants, upon an obligation touching twenty sacks of wool, price 
10 marks the sack, which speaks over the names of the said Sir Jordan 
Foliot and Sir Richard and Sir William Foliot. And should there be 



Cf. pp. 105, 122, supra. 



133 SCACCARIUM JUDEORUM 

escrit, par chartre en Huche, ou par obligatioun, ou par reconeysaunce, 
ou par pleggage, ou par tailye, ou par autre manere de estrument, sur 
les nouns les avaunt diz Sire Jordan e ses heirs, en mun noun, fetes 
avaunt la Seint Johan avaunt dit, Jeo graunt, pur moey, e pur touz 
mes heirs, e pur touz mes assignez, qe quites seient e ren ne valyent 
e pur nules seient tenues, e qe le avaunt dit Sire Jordan e ses heirs 
e ses assignez de tutes quites seient ; e si il i est nul homme ou 
femme, Crestien, Jeu ou Jeue, qe pussent ren chalenger de nule 
manere de dette ou de demaundes avaunt dites, hors pris le obligatiun 
avaunt dit de vint sacs de leyne, qe Jeo eye recoverir ver le avaunt dit 
Sire Eicard, issi qe le avaunt dit Sire Jordan e ses heirs e ses 
assignez seient quites de le avaunt dit obligatioun de vint sacs de 
leyne e de tutes autres dettes, sauve a moey mun recoverir de le 
avaunt dit obligatioun, des terres Sire Eicard Foliot e des tenaunz 
de ses terres. E Jeo graunt, pur moey, e pur touz mes heirs, e pur 
touz mes assignez, qe nus seyum tenuz de eus aquiter ver tuz ceus qe 
ren chalenger pussent sur les avaunz diz Sire Jordan e ses heirs e ses 
assignez de les avaunt dite dettes solum la furme avaunt dite. E ceo, 
qe Jeo ay reconeu ay Jeo ensele, Aaron le Fiz Vives, de language de 
Ebreu. 



DE TEEMINO S. MICHAELIS ANNO DUODECIMO 
INCIPIENTE TEEDECIMO. 

not.4c,m.i, Mosseus, filius Magistri Elie, Benettus, Alius Magistri Elie, 
Norf." suff. Abraham, filius Magistri Elie, Isaac, filius Magistri Elie, Leo, filius 
Magistri Elie, et Haginus, 1 filius Cressei, custos heredum Cressei, filii 
Magistri Elie, recognoverunt per starrum suum, quod Eobertus Houel, 
miles, filius Eoberti Houel, et heredes sui et tenentes terrarum suarum, 
quieti sunt de ipsis Judeis, heredibus et assignatis eorum, de toto debito 
xxx 1., in quo predictus Eobertus, filius, teiiebatur sub nominibus 
ipsius Eoberti et Samuelis Le Blund, quod quidem debitum liberatum 
fuit predicto Magistro Elie, patri predictorum Judeorum, de Thesauro 
Domini Eegis per preceptum ipsius Domini Eegis : de toto debito 
predicto predictus Eobertus Houel, filius, et heredes et assignati sui, 
et tenentes terrarum suarum, quieti sunt de ipsis Judeis et heredibus 
eorum, et de omnibus heredibus patris predictorum Judeorum, et 
assignatorum eorum, a creacione seculi usque ad finem. Insuper, 
predicti Judei concedunt, pro se et heredibus et assignatis eorum, 

1 Hagin, son of Deulecresse, the Chief llabbi. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1284-5 133 

found any other debt by writing, charter in Chest, obligation, acknow- 
ledgment, pledgery, tally, or other species of instrument in my name, 
over the names of the said Sir Jordan and his heirs, made before the 
feast of St. John aforesaid, I, for myself and all my heirs and all my 
assigns, grant, that they be quit and of no validity, and be held null, 
and that the said Sir Jordan and his heirs and his assigns be quit 
of them all ; and so there is no man or woman, Christian, Jew or 
Jewess, that may aught in any wise claim touching the debts or 
demands aforesaid, save only the said obligation touching twenty 
sacks of wool, upon which I have right of recovery against the said 
Sir Richard, in such wise that the said Sir Jordan and his heirs and 
his assigns be quit of the said obligation touching twenty sacks of 
wool and of all other debts, save only that I retain my right of 
recovery upon the said obligation against the lands of Sir Richard 
Foliot and his terre-tenants. And I, for myself and all my heirs 
and all my assigns, grant, that we are bound to acquit the said Sir 
Jordan and his heirs and assigns of the said debts according to the 
form aforesaid against all who may claim aught against them. And 
this, which I have acknowledged, I have sealed and signed in the 
Hebrew tongue, Aaron, son of Vives. 



MICHAELMAS TERM IN THE TWELFTH AND THE BEGIN- 
NING OF THE THIRTEENTH YEAR, [a.d. 1284-5.] 

Moses, son of Master Elias, Benedict, son of Master Elias, 
Abraham, son of Master Elias, Isaac, son of Master Elias, Leo, son of 
Master Elias, and Hagin, son of Cresse, guardian of the heirs of 
Cresse, son of Master Elias, acknowledged by their starr, that Robert 
Houel, knight, son of Robert Houel, and his heirs and the tenants of 
their lands, are quit as to them, the Jews, their heirs and assigns, of 
all the debt of £30, in which the said Robert, the son, was bound 
under the names of him, Robert, and Samuel Le Blund, which debt 
was delivered to the said Master Elias, father of the said Jews, out of 
the Treasury of our Lord the King by our Lord the King's order : 
of all the said debt the said Robert Houel, the son, and his heirs and 
assigns, and the tenants of their lands, are quit as to them, the Jews, 
and their heirs, and all the heirs of the father of the said Jews, and 
their assigns, from the creation to the end of the world. The said 
Jews furthermore, for themselves and their heirs and assigns, grant, 



134 SCACCARIUM JTJDEORUM 

quod ipsi quietaverant et perdonaverunt Domino Roberto de Ludliam, 
clerico, et heredibus et assignatis suis, totum jus, demandam, et 
calumpniam quod ipsi habuerunt, vel habere potuerunt, super omnes 
terras et tenementa, cum pertinenciis, quasvel que predictus Kobertus 
de Ludham tenuit de predicto Roberto Houel die confectionis presentis 
starri, ubicunque fuerint, a principio seculi usque ad finem ; et volunt 
predicti Judei spontanea et una voluntate sua, quod predictum 
debitum xxx 1. sub nominibus predicti Roberti Houel et Samuelis 
Le Blund liberetur predicto Roberto de Ludham quietum, quia idem 
Robertus de Ludham satisfecit predictis Judeis de toto predicto debito 
integraliter. Actum die S. Margarete anno regni Regis Edwardi 
duodecimo. 

Et per istud starrum carta predicti debiti xxx 1. sub nominibus 
Roberti Houel, junioris, m.ilitis, et Samuelis Le Blund liberatur pre- 
dicto Roberto de Ludham in pleno Scaccario quiete dampnata. 

Note. — The contents of the one remaining roll (Trin. 14 Ed. I.) are of so slight 
interest that our selection may here fitly terminate. 



EXCHEQUER OF THE JEWS, A.D. 1284-5 134 

that they have acquitted and released to Sir Robert de Ludham, clerk, 
and his heirs and assigns, all the right, demand, and claim which they 
had, or might have, on all the lands and tenements, with the appurte- 
nances, which the said Robert de Ludham held of the said Robert 
Houel on the day when the present starr was made, wherever they 
may be, from the creation to the end of the world ; and the said Jews 
are consenting with spontaneous and unanimous consent, that the 
said debt of £30 under the names of the said Robert Houel and Samuel 
Le Blund be delivered to the said Robert de Ludham emit, because 
the said Robert de Ludham has made full discharge of all the said 
debt to the said Jews. Done on St. Margaret's day in the twelfth 
year of the reign of King Edward. 

And by virtue of this starr the charter for the said debt of £30 
under the names of Robert Houel, the younger, knight, and Samuel 
Le Blund, is delivered to the said Robert de Ludham in full Exchequer 
quit and cancelled. 




GLOSSAEY 



ament, or perhaps amenc, from the Latin 
'amentia,' madness, absurdity, or fla- 
grant error. 

apurare, to liquidate, is very late Latin, 
if not peculiar to the idiom of the 
Exchequer. 

attingere in thirteenth-century law 
parlance did not necessarily signify 
more than to reach a certain result ; 
'attainder' in the sense of conviction is 
a later development. Cf. New English 
Dictionary, ed. Murray, ' attainder.' 

aurum Regine. The Queen's pecuniary 
perquisites were denominated her gold, 
though before the issue (1257) and after 
the withdrawal (1270) of Henry III.'s 
golden penny they must have been 
usually paid in silver. Grueber, Hand- 
book of the Coins of Great Britain and 
Ireland in the British Museum (1809), 
pp. 42-3. The mark of gold, in which 
they were reckoned, varied in exchange 
about ten marks of silver. Prynne, 
'Aurum Kegime' (1668), pp. 1-10. 
Cf. p. Ill supra. 

bissancia, bezants, current coin of the 
Eastern Empire. The silver bezant 
was at this period received in England 
at 2s., and supplied the want of a 
silver coin of the realm of higher value 
than the denier or silver penny. (It is 
very doubtful whether the groats said 
to have been issued by Edward I. after 
1279 were in general circulation before 
1290. Buding, Annals of the Coinage, 
3rd ed. i. 193-4. Grueber, 1. c.) The 
gold bezant contained from sixty-five 



to seventy grains, and was thus worth 
rather more than 10s. Forty gold 
bezants were accepted by Edward I. as 
the talliage of a Jewish magnate. See 
p. 77 supra, 
bluetum, cloth of a bluish tint. See New 
English Dictionary, ed. Murray, 'bluet,' 
and cf. ' burnet,' ib. 

conciencia, apparently from ' conciere ' ( — 
'concio'). The context demands the 
sense, of ' congregation ' or ' community.' 

coopertorium (cf. supercoopertorium, p. 
Ill, supra), denoted any sort of cover- 
ing, from the roof downwards. Its 
precise meaning is therefore only to 
be determined or conjectured from its 
context. It commonly signified a cover- 
let. Chron. Abbat. Barnes. (Bolls Ser.) 
p. 348; Chron. Monast. de Abingdon 
(Bolls Ser.), i. 384, ii. 273 ; Matt. Paris, 
Chron. Maj. (Bolls Ser.), vi. 91 ; Migne, 
Patrol. (Lat.) cliii. 894. Cf. Du Cange. 

cot (cf. German Zotte), tangled hair, or the 
like, used technically of a matted fleece. 
Wright's English Dialect Dictionary ; 
New English Dictionary, ed. Murray. 

curialitas, largess. Du Cange. With 
this euphemism for usury cf. the 
commercial use of ' royalty.' 

forcerium, any close receptacle, from a 
coffin to a casket. Du Cange. 

fusselletum. Cf. the Italian fuscelletto 
or fuscellino, stalk, rod, or skewer; and 
the phrase ' cercar col fuscellino,' to 
search with extreme diligence. Vocabo- 
lario degli Accademici della Crusca. 



136 



GLOSSARY 



gard, or gare, a fringe of thin quality 

depreciating the fleece, or the fleece so 

depreciated. Godefroy. 
grissum, most usually griseum, a species 

of grey fur, less valuable than vair ; 

perhaps the winter coat of the squirrel. 

Mun. Gildh. Lond. (Rolls Ser.) II. 

ii. 806. 

marcata. The final syllable is merely 
connective. Thus marcata redditus = 
rent to the amount of a mark. Simi- 
larly denariata, librata. Cf. librata 
debitorum, debts to the amount of a 
pound, p. 67 supra. 

mazer, wood of a mottled grain, usually 
maple, much prized for drinking-bowls, 
which were frequently mounted on 
and rimmed with silver. See Cripps, 
' Old English Plate,' p. 252. A few 
specimens may be seen at the British 
Museum. 

pannus sanguinolentus. Cf. 'dras moys- 
tes de sane,' p. liv supra. The pro- 
hibition is not of stuff dyed blood-red, 
in which Jews might lawfully deal 
(see p. Ill supra), but of stuff stained 
with actual blood. The prohibition 
may have been merely designed to 
facilitate the detection of murder, or 
some occult practice with the blood may 
have been apprehended ; which would 



point to blood derived from a particular 
source, to which virtues both noxious 
and curative were ascribed. Cf. Pliny, 
Hist. Nat. xxviii. 23, and Marcellus 
Empiricus, De Medicament, xxxv. 30 : 
' Pannum muliebrem, i.e. menstrualem, 
oleo madefactum excoque ; deinde ex- 
prime, et ceram illi oleo sufficientem 
addes, ut cerotum facias, quo arthri- 
ticum vel paralyticum utiliter per- 
unges.' See also Leviticus, xv. 19. 

scola Judeorum certainly denotes the 
synagogue, but was probably used with 
considerable latitude, so as to include 
any place of meeting for purposes of 
instruction or serious discussion. Cf. 
Du CaDge. 

stallare, to provide for payment by in- 
stalments. Madox, ii. 209, n. (r.). If 
the mortuum vadium of the Jews was, 
as is probable, a rentcharge, it might 
aptly be described as pro stallando 
debito. Cf. Du Cange, ' stallagium.' 

strandling, a species of black fur. Cf. 
Mun. Gildh. Lond. (Eolls Ser.) II. 
i. 94 : ' Item pro stranglino et polan 
et cujuslibet alterius nigri operis v 
solidos vi denarios.' 

siimme, Low Lat. sauma, from Greek 
adyfia, a pack-saddle; hence a horse- 
load, and in that sense a common 
measure of corn. Skeat, Etym. Diet. 



INDEX OF MATTEES. 



Abbot of Fountains, case of, 52, 86 
Account, cases of, 18, 19, 41, 42, 84, 89, 

102, 113 
Acknowledgment by record, 28, 34, 35, 67, 

68, 77, 82, 92-4, 118-19, 121, 132. 

See Stan- 
Acquittance, cases concerning, 50, 53, 63, 

100. See Stan- 
Administration, see Successions, Jewish 
Agriculture, opened to Jews, xiii, xxxviii 
Alienage, i 

Amercement, instances of, 10, 18, 32, 33, 
38, 52, 54, 69, 70, 83, 86, 89, 91, 97, 

101, 109, 116, 117, 130 
Anti-Semitism, causes of, xiv-xvii 
Assault, case of, 11 
Assignment, see Stan- 
Attorney, appearance by, 36, 65, 84, 96, 

97, 100, 101, 107, 109, 118, 125 
document payable to, 33, 94 



Badge, worn by Jews, xxv, xxxviii 
Barons, see Exchequer 

constitutionalism of, xxvii, xxxiii, 

xxxvii 
the Disinherited, 77 
Bezants, payments to Crown in, xxxv, 21, 

60, 77, 80 
Books, 18, 103, 114 
Burgesses sworn in to protect Jews, 

xxv 
Burial of Jews, regulations concerning, 

xi, 1 



Cemetery, Jewish, site of, xi, 122 
Charters of Jewry, xii-xiii, 1-3 
other enrolled, 56-59, 118-9, 121 



Chattels, pledge of, see Detinue 
Chevage, see Poll-tax 
Chirograph, form and registration of, 
xix 
outside chest, 19, 43, 81 
fraudulent dealings with, 54, 65 
Chirograph-Chests, attacks on, xxxvii, 41, 
44, 49, 51, 76 
closure of, lxi, 70, 98 
Chirographers, election of, 11, 82 
privilege of, 73 

summoned to answer for alleged irregu- 
lar practices, 22, 67, 82, 83 
Chroniclers, antipathy of, to Jews, xv 
Churches, Jews not to frequent, xxix, 

xlviii 
Circumcision, case of, xxii, xxvii, xliv 
Clergy, attitude of, towards Jews, xiv, 

xxix. xxxix 
Coinage, offences against, xv, xxxix, 8, 11, 
91, 95, 120/ 125, 127 
irafly against the Ckh 

i'6 

d Jew against Jew, 
charge of, 95 
by chirographers, charge of, 81 
Converts, harsh treatment of, xxxv-xxxvi, 
42, 99, 114, 125 
House of, 113-14 
Countor, mentioned, 54 
Court fees, higher scale of, for Jews, 

xxxv 
Crafts, Jewish, xi 
Crown, Pleas of, 2 
Culture, Jewish, xv 
Customs, exemption of Jews from, xii, 2 



Damages, 9, 10, 54, 56 



138 



INDEX OF MATTERS 



Debt, actions of, 3, 9, 13, 65, 67, 93, 101, 

108, 109, 117, 122, 125, 128-30 
assignability of, restricted, xxxviii, 

xlviii, 47, 63, 81 
assignment of, by Crown, 59, 71, 92, 

112 
composition for, 13, 15 
runs with land, 18, 50, 52, 53, 63, 65, 

72, 100, 108, 117, 118, 125, 130, 

133 
Defamation, case of, 70 
Detinue, cases of, 17, 31-33, 37, 63, 73, 

78, 85, 88, 103, 106, 107, 108, 111, 

115 
Distress, unlawful, 7, 9, 13, 101 
Document payable to bearer, 65 
Dominicans, conspicuous charity and mis- 
guided zeal of, xxxi, xl 
Dower, Jewish widow entitled to, 52, 

132 
Dress, articles of, 17, 32, 37, 89, 104, 109, 

111, 115 



Ecclesiastical jurisdiction, Jews exempted 
from, xxv 

Escheat, xxxvi-xxxvii 
case of, 99 

Eveske, uncertain import of term, as 
applied to Jews, 15 n., 65 n. 

Exchequer of the Jews, origin and juris- 
diction of, xx-xxiii 

Expenses, provision for recovery of, 
xxxviii, 49, 93, 94 



Fealty, Jews debarred from doing or •"•• 

ceiving, xiii, xxxviii 
Fee-rents, xxxvii, xlix, 16, 38, 41, 43, 45, 

56-60 
Fine, inter partes, 8, 9, 36, 40, 42, 50, 

71 
with Crown, 18, 35, 42, 52, 54, 60, 77, 

82, 91, 104, 121 
Forfeiture, xxxv-xxxvi 

cases of, 43, 61, 78, 82, 87, 96, 107, 109, 

116, 125, 128 
Forgery, charges of, 4, 39, 41, 96, 129 
Furniture, articles of, 8, 17, 33, 37, 63, 97, 

106, 108, 109, 111 



Gilds, restrict range of Jewish operations, 
xi, xxxix 

Inquest, post-mortem, instance of, 73 
as to proceedings of synagogue, 86 
as to ownership of house property, 5, 

105. Cf. Successions, Jewish 
as to validity of starrs, see Starrs, cases 
concerning 
Intercourse, friendly, prohibited between 

Christians and Jews, xxix, xlviii 
Interdict, on delinquent Jews, xxxix 
Interest, rate of, xii 

assignment of, prohibited, xxxviii 



Jew, assignment of, as personal chattel, 

62 
Jewess, deacon's fatal passion for, xxix 
Jewries, outward aspect of, xi 

distribution of, xxv 
Jewry, legal status of, x-xiii, xxviii, xxxv- 
xxxviii, xlviii-liv 
Rolls of Pleas of, mentioned, 68 
Jewry of Canterbury, exclusiveness of, 35 
Jews, arrested en masse and cruelly 
handled by King John, xxiv 
assigned en masse by Henry III. to 

Richard of Cornwall, xxx 
assigned en masse to Prince Edward 

and by him subdemised, xxxiv 
reassigned to Richard of Cornwall, 

xxxviii 
outrages upon, xvii, xxxvii 
not to change their residence without 
royal licence, xxix, xxxv, xlviii, 28, 
61,82 
removed from certain towns, 85 
arrested en masse by Edward I., xxxix, 

xl 
expelled from England, ib. 
Jury, composition of, xxiii, lxi 

cases illustrating, 64, 73, 79, 84, 86, 93, 
95, 96, 97, 98, 103, 104, 105, 106, 
108, 109, 112, 116, 121, 123, 125, 128, 
129, 131 
Justices of Jews, precarious position of, 
xxxiv 
corruption of, xxxv, 126 



Gage, nature of, xiii 
cf. Account, cases of 



King's Third, retention of, lix 
information as to, 73 
mode of securing, 60, 72, 77, 79 



INDEX OF MATTERS 



139 



Land, pleas of, 5, 36, 65 

Larceny, cases of, 11, 78, 125 

Lawyers, diabolic logic of, xxxvi 

Lease, enrolled, 118 

Lent, to be observed by Jews, xxix, 

xlviii 
Liberties, no protection to Jews, 68-70 
London, City of, rents and houses held by 
Jews in, 16, 46, 65, 105, 119, 122, 
131 
Tower of, Jews committed to, 5, 56, 

116 
Chirograph-Chest secured in, 38 
oppression of Jew by Constable of, ib. 
temporary residence of Chief Eabbi, 
73 



Eabbi, Chief, official status of, xiii, xx, 
xxxiii 
fortunes of holders of office, xxx, xxxiii, 
73, 77, 84, 88, 91, 98, 99, 105, 109, 
118, 122, 131 

Eabbinical rhetoric, futility of, xxix 

Eape, charge of, 104 

Eeal estate, how far tenable by Jews, 
xiii, xxxvii, xlviii-liv 

Eeceipt of stolen goods, 95 

Eecord, acknowledgment by, see Acknow- 
ledgment and Starr 

Eelease of suit by Crown, fine for, 42, 
104, 121 

Eent, pecuniary, 16, 46. Cf. Fee-rents 
specific, 17, 46, 57, 120 

Eentcharge, see Eeal Estate, 



Magna Carta, clause in, affecting Jews, 

xiii 
Magnates, Jewish, duped and despoiled 

by Crown, xxvi-xxviii 
Mainprise, instances of, 51, 52, 67, 82, 83, 

86, 91, 97, 121 
Manors, held by Jews in gage, 10, 19, 39, 

45, 80, 93, 118 
Marriage, relief on, xxxvi-xxxvii 
Masters of Jewish Law, notices of, 36, 74, 

86, 88, 96 
Memoranda, miscellaneous, 11, 35, 42-3, 

60-2, 67-70, 72-3, 76-7 
Merton, Provisions of, xiii 
Mortgage, see Eeal Estate 
Murder, case of, 105 

ritual, charges of, xiv, xxx 



Oath on Pentateuch, xii, 1, 89 
Oblations, xlvi-vii, 6, 8, 24, 28, 35, 42, 
126 



Parish priest, limited authority of over 

Jews, xxix, xlviii 
Parliament of Jews, so called, xxvii 
Peace, appeal of breach of, 11 
Pledges, secret, lix 

frauds in connection with, see Detinue 
Poitevin policy, disastrous to Jews, 

xxvi 
Poll-tax, xxxviii 
Prosecution, default in, 43, 52, 63, 101, 

104 



Seisin, xiii, xxxv, xlviii-liv 

of gage by order of the Court, 63 
by writ, 22, 62. Cf. Statutes of Jewry 
by letters royal, 22 et seq. 
right of debtor or his heir, 25, 62 
Semitic simplicity, instance of, xxxvii 
Services of Christians, Jews debarred 

from, xiv, xxix, xlviii 
Sheriff, jurisdiction of, over Jews, xxi 
amercement of, 69, 86 
false charge against, 17 
Starr, form and conditions of validity of, 
xix 
examples of, 10, 14-16, 33, 34, 43-47 

48-50, 55, 65, 80, 90, 93, 128, 132 
cases concerning, 38, 53, 54, 65, 72, 89, 
93, 98, 109, 122, 128, 129 
Statutes of Jewry, x, xiii, xxviii, xlviii- 
liv, 101-3, 117, 130 
Successions, Jewish, relief on, xxxvi 
cases of, 60-61, 72-9, 85, 93, 131 
Synagogue, powers of, xiv, xxviii 

effect of excommunication by, xxxv, 87, 

96 
regulation of worship of, xxix, xlviii 
restricted to certain localities, ib. 
disseised in London of most of its 

edifices, xl 
proclamation in, 9, 12, 41 
See Inquest 

Talliage, prerogative of, how exercised, 
xvi, xvii, xx, xxiv, xxvi-xxx, xxxiii, 
xxxviii, 27-31 



T 2 



140 



INDEX OF MATTERS 



Talliage, security for, 77 
Tally, fraudulent use of, 82 

for goods pledged, 107 
Token, for delivery of goods, 32, 37 
Treasury, royal, alleged thefts from, 52-3 
Trespass, pleas of, 41, 54, 70, 88, 101 
Trespass and Fraud, 83, 84, 86, 109 



Usury, prohibition of, xxxviii, 101-3 
not retroactive, 102, 117, 130 
evasion of law, xl, 93-94, 115 
Jews outdone by Christians in practice 
of, xxxiv 



Usury, between Jew and Jew, 65 



Wager of Law, privilege of Jew in, xii, 

xxi, 1, 71, 89, 107 
Wardship, xxxvi, 35, 73 
Waste, gagee impeachable for, 45, 47 
William Rufus, patronage of Jews by, x 
Witnesses, two prescribed in cases 

between Christian and Jew, xii, 1 
Wool trade, Jews engaged in, 34, 94 
Writ, value of, in hands of a Jew, 

xii, 1 
Writing obligatory, 94, 126 



INDEX OF PEESONS. 



[N.B. — In this Index unimportant variations of spelling are ignored.] 



CHEISTIANS. 



Actona, Henricus de, 117 

Adrion, Johannes, 17 

Aete, Willelmus de, 59 

iEthelmarus, Wintoniensis Electus, 60 

Aguillun, Eobertus, 15, 59 

Albini, William de, xxiii 

Alienora, Kegina, 87, 107, 109, 112 

Kegina-Mater, 71-8, 85, 88, 92. Cf.xxvii 
Aimed or Aufred, 32 
Alurey or Aufrey, ib. 
Aquam, Adam ad, 120 
Araz, Eobertus de, 121 
Arketel, Andreas, 82 
Assby, Johannes de, 83 

Stephanus, 125 
Assell, Philip, xxvi 
Attechirche, Johannes, 100 
Aurifaber, Henricus, G 

Johannes, 32 

Eicardus, 6 

Bacun, Bogeri, Johanna uxor, 9 
Balesham, Galfridus de, 131 
Balon, Margeria de, 92 

Reginaldus de, ib. 
Barbane, La, Eeymund de, 91 
Barber, Le, Eogerus, 131 
Bardulf, Willelmus, 12, 13 
Barrok', Nicholaus, 51 
Basinge, Adam de, 17 

Eobertus de, 118 

Thomas de, 54, 120 
Basset, Fulco, 10 

Philippus, ib., 59. Cf. xxxii 
Bassihawe, Adam de, 41 



Bathonia, Henricus de, 27. Cf. xxxii 

Herveius de, 70 
Batur, Le, Galfridus, 100 

Johannes, ib. 
Bauns, Willelmus de, 111 
Bechesworth, Nicholaus de, 131 
Belassez (conversa), 114 
Belet, Willelmus, 59 
Belhuncle, Willelmus, 9 
Benedictus, fisicus, xliv 
Benetlega, Martinus, Prior de, 7 

Johannes de, 119 
Benyngburgo, Adam de, 128 

Thomas de, ib. 
Beraud, Petrus, 33-5. Cf. xxxiv 
Berewik', Johannes de, 129 
Berklinden', Petrus de, 51 
Bernard of Clairvaux, St., xvi 
Bernham, Matildis de, xlv 

Walterus de, 132 
Berstrete, Simon de, xlvi 
Bertona, Agnes de, 85 
Betleshangre, Elias de, 51 
Beufo, Emma de, 15 
Bigod, Hugh, xxxiii 
Billokeby, Willelmus de, 95 
Birkeley, Henricus de, 93 
Blancmuster, Eeginaldus de, 51 
Bleys, Willelmus de, Lincolniensis Epi- 

scopus, 14 
Bloye, Joel de, 106 
Blund, Le, Edwardus, 34 
Blundus, Willelmus, 5, 7 
Blunt, Le, Eadulfus, 120 

Eobertus, 119 



142 



INDEX OF PERSONS 



Bohum, Henricus de, Comes de Here 
fordia, 2 
Nicholaus de, 52 
Bokeler, Le, Vrynot, 100 
Bolonia, Hugo de, 108 
Bonevilla, Willelmus de, 95 
Bonvin, Thomas, 108 
Bosco, Willelmus de, 108 
Botiler, Le, Martinus, 106 
Boxle, Willelmus de, 109 
Bradefeud, Robertas de, 78 
Bradestona, Robertus de, 117 
Bray, Henricus de, 123-4. Cf. xxxiv 
Breaute, Falkes de, xxvi 
Bregeman, Ricardus, 38 
Bret, Le, Robertas, 46 
Breth', La, Andreas de, 17 
Breton, Le, Willelmus, 17. Cf. xxvi 
Briwerr', Willelmus, 2 
BrU, Radulfus, 94 
Brochulle, Willelmus de, 11G 
Bromwich, Henricus de, 123 
Bruer, Nicholaus de, ib. 
Brun, Le, Adam, 11 
Brus, Robertus de, 13 
Bruwes, Robertus de, 57 
Bucher, Le, Reginaldus, 17 
Bungeya, Rogerus de, 7 
Burgh, Hubert de, xxv 
Burgo, Willelmus de, 53 
Burnel, Robertus de, 40 
Burrell, Rogerus, 116 
Bussey, Willelmus de, 108 
Byham, Radulfus de, 51 

Callestere, Le, Agnes, 108 
Caluistona, Hamo de, 129 
Cantia, Walterus de, see Kancia 
Cantuaria, Radulfus de, 17 
Canvile, Johannes de, 124 
Caperun, Willelmus, 130 
Carleton, William de, xxxiv 
Carnifex, Johannes de, 90 
Carpentarius, Godefridu3, 125 

Rogerus, ib. 
Castro, Bartholomeus de, 46 
Cauz, Rogerus de, 108 
Cestre, Petrus de, 131 
Chabbeneys, Willelmus, 60 
Chamberleg', Le, Galfridus, 35 
Chaundeler, Le, Rogerus, 100 
Chenduit, Stephanus de, 110 
Cherlecote, Thomas de, 19, 21 
Chese, Nicholaus, xlvi 



Chetham, Nigellus de, 51 

Chikewell, Ricardus de, 120 

Cissor, Martinus, 90 

Clare, Gilbertus de, Comes Gloucestrie, 

37, 48, 71 
Clerk, Le, Johannes, 113, Josceus, 125 
Cobbeham or Cobham, Johannes de, 78, 

112, 131 
Cocus, Rogerus, 51 
Cofrer, Le, Henricus, 131 

Johannes, 100, 105-6, 131 
Coleworth, Hugo de, 91 

Ricardus de, ib. 
Columbers, Philippus de, 15 
Conversus, Le, Willelmus, 113 
Corner, La, Thomas de, 100, 131 
Coudray, Petrus de, 57 
Crepping, Robert de, xxxiv 
Crespin, Le, Robertus, 100 
Cristfinesse, Robertus, 8 
Croce, La, Walterus de, 66 
Cruce Roesie, Prior de, 86 
Culleworth, Ricardus de, 38 

Robertus de, ib. 
Culvert, Johannes, 64 
Cumptona, Robertus de, 129 
Cuner, Le, Willelmus, 16 

Dernestall, Hugo de, 37 

Hugonis, Sarra uxor, ib. 
Despenser, Le, Hugo, 38. Cf. xxxiii 

Robertas, 11 
Dol, Richard de, xxvi 
Donholni, Thomas de, 17 

Willelmus de, ib. 
Dorset, Alexander de, xxvi 
Dunelm, Thomas de, 17 
Dunestaplia, Ricardus, Prior de, 4 
Dunolm, Willelmus de, 120 
Dyne, Willelmus de, 54 
Dyngnetona, Hugo de, 113 

Eadmundus, see 'Filius,' Allemannie 

Regis 
Eboraco, Willelmus de, xlvii 
Edgar, Johannes, 23 
Edwardus, Dominus, 34, 39. Cf. xxxiv, 

xxxvii-viii, xlviii 
Rex, 73, 78, 87, 92, 96, 99, 112, 114, 

122, 131 
Escote, Le, Thomas, 53 
Esperun, see Sperun 
Esseby, David de, 43 
Everemue, Reginaldus de, 46, 48 



INDEX OF PERSONS 



143 



Evereus, Willehnus de, 80 
Ewell, Ricardus de, 34 
Exonia, Johannes de, 83 
Eynesham, Abbas de, 130 

Farle, Thomas de, 51 
Farligth', Henricus de, 17 
Farndona, Willehnus de, 120 
Faukeham, Willehnus de, 59 
Ferun, Le, Alexander, 17 
Filia, Filius :— 

Ade, Johannes, 36 

Allemannie Regis, Eadmundus, 69 

Anketini, Willelmus, 125 

Astona Undregge, Thome de, Johannes, 
61 

Aucheri, Henrici, Ricardus, 29 

Bas, Le, Gilberti, Martinus, 121 

Benedicti, Odardus, xxvii, xliv 

Bernardi, Walterus, 71 

Broke, La, Nieholai de, Adam, 51 
Ricardus, ib. 

Bromwich, Rogeri, Thomas de, 122 

Columbers Philippi de, Philippus, 16 

Donelm, Thome de, Jolanus, 17 

Esseby, David de, Stephani, Isabella, 
62 

Ettona, Thome de, Robertus, 53 

Fichet, Roberti, Hugo, 83 

Galfridi, Johannes, 60 

Henrici Regis, Eadmundus, 62. Cf. 
xxx 

Henrici, Ricardus, 123 

Hervici, Johannes, 101 

Johannis, Bartholomeus, 36 

Kyme, Philippi de, Willelmus, 14 

Martini, Nicholaus, 57-8 
Nieholai, Isabella uxor, ib. 

Mathei, Johannes, 57-9 

Mossei, Samuel (conversus), 125 

Octonis, Hugo, 56 

Osmundi, Johannes, 61 

Pentenhawe, Humfridi de, Walterus, 68 

Petri, Gaufridus, Comes Essexe, 2, 5 
Willelmus, 82 

Poining', Thome de, Lucas, 15 

Ricardi, Philippus, 11 
Thomas, 17 
Willelmus, 34 

Roberti, Henricus, 11 

Rogeri, Rogerus, 125 
Willelmus, 17 

Scouteby, Bicardi de, Adam, 53 

Theobaldi, Rogerus, 11 



Filia, Filius :— 

Torp', Walteri, Gilbertus, 3 

Usburna, Alexandri de, Robertus, 52 

Walteri, Robertus, 5 

Willelmi, Laurentius, 17 
Willelmus, 51 
Floyr, Johannes, 83 
Foliot, Jordan, 132 

Ricard, ib. 

Willieme, ib. 
Fontibus, Abbas de, 52, 86 
Franceys, Le, Willelmus, 112 
Fresingfeld, Ricardus de, xlvi 
Frowyk', Henricus de, 120 
Fuleham, Robertus de, 35, 46, 62, 77, 85. 

Cf. xxxiv 
Fulney, Johannes de, 79 
Fuster, Le, Thomas, 117 

Galfridus, Frater, 10, 13, 14. See Geoffrey 

the Templar 
Gaoler, Le, Willelmus, 125 
Gatesden, Johannes de, 60 
Geoffrey the Templar, xxvii 
Giseburn', Johannes de Overtona, Prior 

de, 39-40 
Glanvill, Ranulf, xvii 
Gloucestria, Comitissa de, 69 

Willelmus de, 28 
Gloucestrie Comes, see Clare, Gilbertus 

de 
Glovernia, Willelmus de, 4 
Godard, Galfridus, 16 
Godefridus, Wintoniensis Episcopus, 13 

Wigorniensis Episcopus, 59 
Gorges, Radulfus de, 92 
Graftona, Johannes de, 52 
Gras, Le, Cecilia, Nicholaus, 63 
Gratefige, Walterus, 131 
Gravele, Robertus de, 93 
Greinvilla, Adam de, 60. Cf. xxxiii 
Greynvilla, Simon de, 88 

Simonis, Isabella uxor, ib. 
Gylle, Johannes, 108 

H . . . ., Willelmus de, 17 
Hadestok', Austinus de, 17 
Haket, Radulfus, 51 

Willelmus, ib. 
Hamelin, Johannes, 118 

Willelmus, 123 
Hamme, Henricus de, 16 
Harding, Johannes, 31-33 
Haselbech, Willelmus de, 55. Cf. xxxiv 



144 



INDEX OF PERSONS 



Hasteng, Milo de, 132 
Hastinges, Henricus de, 33 
Haunsard, Jacobus, 72 
Hauteyn, Hamo, 55, 78, 95, 102, 120, 
122-3, 12G. Cf. xxxiv 

Eobertus, 100 
Haweye, Thomas de, 37 
Haye, La, Johannes de, 51 
Hayrun, Robertus, 73 
Heire, Willelmus de, 124 

Willelmi, Matildis uxor, ib. 
Helle, Theobaldus de, 43 
Henricus, Rex, 22, 27, 29, 30, 37, 47, 49, 
50, 51, 56, 58-9, 62, 76, 87. Cf. xxv- 
xxxv, xlviii-li 
Henry I., xi, 1 
Henry II., ib., xvii 
Herun, Robertus, 120 
Hervy, Walterus, 34 
Heth, La, Johannes de, 121 
Hittecote (conversa), 114 
Hocolt, Willelmus de, 77 
Honorius IV., Pope, xl 
Hormede, Ricardus de, 109 
Horn, Johannes, 120 
Hotot, Robertus de, 125 
Houel, Robertus, 133 
Hubert, Roberti, Sabina uxor, 85 
Huckerby, Hugo de, 53 
Hurer, Le, Alanus, 37 

Insula, Willelmus de, 18 
Ismongerelane, Johannes de, 41 

Jakeminus, 127 

Jofne, Le, Bartholomeus, 91 

Johannes, Rex, 1, 2. Cf. xii, xxi, xxiv 

Johannes Cornubiensis, 61 

Joiette, uxor Salomonis (conversa), 43 

Kancia, Walterus de, 88, 107-8, 109, 

119 
Kauz, Johan de, 50 
Ketelbern, Henricus, 9 
Killingholme, Andreas de, 53 
Kirkeby, Johannes de, 131 

Radulfus de, 81 
Knaresburgo, Henricus de, 37 
Knight, Willelmus, 100 
Kyme, Thomas, 52 
Kyntona, Rogerus de, 36, 70 

Laufar, Johannes de, 46 
Lauton, Cecilia de, 61 



Leicestria, Henricus de, 11 

Petrus de, 124. Cf. xxxiv 

Radulfus de, 13, 14 

Robertus de, 11 

Rogerus de, 116 
Lexington, John de, xxx 
Leyburn, Willelmus de, 84, 86, 91 
Leye, La, Petrus de, 11 

Rogerus de, 55 

Willelmus de, 92 
Leyk', Thomas de, 125 
Lezignano, Galfridus, Guydo de, 60. See 

Lusignan 
Lincoln, Hugh of, xxx 
Ling, Rogerus de, 117 
Lokerle, Isabella de, 104 
Longchamp, Willelmus de, 6 
Lovel, Henricus, 7 

Hugo, 43 

Philippus, 27. Cf. xxxii 
Loverle, Ricardus de, 100 

Ricardi, Joscea uxor, ib. 
Lucas, Isaac, 82 
Ludham, Robertus de, 76, 95, 102, 120, 

122-4, 131, 134. Cf. xxxiv 
Lusignan, Aymer de, xxvii 

Geoffrey de, ib. 

Guy de, ib. 
Lynda, Johannes de, 34 

Maldona, Rogerus de, 33 
Malebysse, Richard de, xviii 
Malemeyns, Henricus, 50 

Mabillia, ib. 

Thomas, ib., 79 
Malo Lacu, Petrus de, 79 
Manalale, Willelmus de, 46 
Mandevilla, Willelmus de, Comes Essexe, 

5 
Mannesbrig', Molendino in, Rogerus de, 18 
Mare, La, Adam de, 129 

Hamo de, ib. 
Mares, Johannes de, 10 

Robertus de, ib. 
Marescallus, Alanus, 126 

Ricardus, 16 

Willelmus, Comes de Penbroc, 2. Cf. 
xxv 
Maresdenn, Augustinus de, 41 

Robertus de, ib. 
Marny, Andreas de, 17 

Willelmus de, ib. 
Maudut, Willelmus, 63, 117 
Maunsell, Johannes, 98 



INDEX OF PERSONS 



145 



Mazeliner, Le, Jacobus, 16 

Willelmus, 120 
Megre, La, Matildis, 115 
Meldeburn', Eobertus de, 120 
Merkefeld, Walterus de, 52 
Merton, Walterus de, xxxvii, xlviii 
Middeltona, Eicardus de, 57 

Willelmus de, 66, 68 
Molendinarius, Edrnundus, 51 
Monte Forti, Henricus de, 33 

Petrus de, 60 

Simon de, Comes Leicestrie, 44, 60. 
Cf. xxxvii 
More, La, Poncius de, xxxviii 
Mortuo Mari (Mortimer), Galfridus de, 111 

Willelmus de, 74-5, 111 
Mote, La, Boninus de, 126 
Moyne, Le Jobannes, 68. Cf. xxxiv 
Munteny, Eobertus de, 118, 120 
Muntpelers, Eicardus de, 120 

Eobertus de, 105 
Muscbamp, Galfridus de, Cestrensis Epi- 
scopus, 13 

Neketona, Johannes de, 91 
Neusel', Laurentius de, 51 
Neuwerk', Tbomas de, 13, 14 
Neville, Hugo de, 2 

Thomas de, xxiii 
Nicholas, Bernardus, 28 
Noble, Le, -Tohannes, 82 
Noreis, Le, Wilielmus, 82 
Normanvilla, Adam de, 52 

Eadulfus de, ib. 
Northamptona, Eicardus de, 11 
Northwode, Eogerus de, 116, 131 
Norwich, Geoffrey de, xxiii 
Notingham, Willelmus de, 131 
Novi Hospitalis extra Bissopesgate, Prior, 

65 
Novo Mercato, Adam de, 109 
Nywenham, Prior de, 95 

Odinus, 110 

Odo, 17 

Okham, Matheus de, 105 

Ordeistona, Simon de, 130 

Ore, Petrus de, ib. 

Orfevre, Le, Andreas, 105 

Orlavestona, Willelmus de, 46, 68. Cf. 

xxxiv 
Ostregate, Johannes de, 51 

Stephanus de, 29 
Oxtona, Eicardus de, 83 



Pasent, Eogerus, 53 
Passelewe, Eadulfus de, 11 

Eobert, xxvi 

Simon, 1, 2, 50, 60, 68. Cf. xxxii 
Pateshull, Martin de, xxii 

Simon de, xx 
Pathesworth, Johannes de, 79 

Eogerus de, ib. 
Paurner, Le, Elias, 51 
Pavely, Samuel de (conversus), 125 
Pecche, Gilbertus, 112 
Pecham, Johannes de, 51 
Peckham, Archbishop, xl 
Peitevin, Willelmus, 128 
Peper, Matildis, 33 
Persona, Johannes, 16 
Persore, Abbas de, 96 
Pesemerche, Johannes de, 131 
Petrus, clericus, 21, 23 
Peverel, Johannes, 57 
Peyforer, Fulco, 68. Cf. xxxiv 
Peyuteuin, Willelmus, 128 
Philippe Auguste, xvii 
Phylleby, Adam de, 94 
Plughman, Johannes, 81 
Pontona, Petrus de, 50 

Willelmus de, ib. 
Poor, Le, Willelmus, 97 
Portam de Munktona, Thomas ad, 52 
Portehores, Johannes, 85 
Poynz, Willelmus, 100 
Pratellis, Petrus de, 2 
Preston, Gilbertus de, 9 
Prodhome, Adam de, 121 
Pucheis, Imbertus, 60 
Pundur, Le, Thomas, 100 
Pycheford, Johannes de, 80 

Eabayn, Elias de, 60 

Eadeswell, Johannes de, 68 

Eed, Willelmus de, 120 

Eedleye, Eicardus de, 89 

Eefegeray, Willelmus, 100 

Eeymes, Willelmus de, 10 

Eicardus, Comes Cornubie, 25. Cf. xxix, 

xxxii, xxxviii 
Eicardus, Prior de Dunestaplia, 4 
Eich, Edmund (St. Edmund), Primate, 

xxvi, xlvi 
Eichard I., xi, xvii 
Eievaulx, Pierre de, xxvi 
Eobertus, ballivus Cicestre, 8 
Eoches, Pierre des, xxvi 
Eokeby, Simon de, 123 



146 



INDEX OF PERSONS 



Rokesl', Galfridus de, 120 
Rosemund (?), Johannes, 122 
Rothomago, Archiepiscopus de, 6 
Roulers, Johannes de, 131 
Rupe Forti, Guydo de, 60 
Rus, Le, Henricus, 105 
Rynel, Robertus, 102 

Sabaudia, Petrus de, 60. See Savoie 

Saham, Galfridus de, 112 

S. Dionisio, Johannes de, 113, 114 

S. Gregorio, Hugo de, 51 

S. Laurentii, Thomas, 122 

S. Marie de Suwerk', Prior de, 72 

S. Ositha, Radulfus de, 68. Cf. xxxiv 

S. Valerico, Johannes de, 57 

Saunford, Galfridus de, 28 

Ricardus de, ib. 
Sausetona, Galfridus de, 53 
Savoie, Boniface de, Primate, xxvii, xxix, 
xxxix 

Pierre de, ib. 
Scherfangel, Walterus de, 86 
Scitals, Robertus, 53 
Segrave, Stephen de, xxvi 
Sende, La, Radulfus de, 9 
Senehod, Robertus, 100 
Sewelhod, Robertus, 65 
Shordych, Johannes de, 120 
Sicca Villa, Warinus de, 57 
Silvester, Hugo, 23 
Simon, Wellensis Archidiaconus, 2 
Skip, Johannes, 73, 120, 131 
Sperun, Thomas, 60, 68. Cf. xxxiii 
Srewsb', Willelmus de, 95 
Stanes or Stauns, Ricardus de, 48, 88 
Stapiltona, Nicholaus de, 128 
Staveneby, Nicholaus de, 92 
Stintescumb, Petrus de, 117 
Stodle, Rogerus de, 123 
Stonham, Willelmus de, 51 
Suffolcia, Reginaldus de, 34 
Sunninges, Elias de, xxvi 

Tayllard, Robertus, 69 
Taylur, Le, Alexander, 105 

David, 83 

Robertus, 82 

Stephani, Dionisia uxor, 116 
Thurlaeston, William de, xxxiv 
Thurmund, Nicholaus, 124 
Tilmannestona, Rogerus de, 51 
Tiryntona, Hugo de, 81 
Tolossano, Johannes de, 17 



Torp', Gilbertus de, 3 
Tregoz, Nicholaus, 88 
Trestel, Johannes, 38 
Troyes, Copinus de, 107 
Tudesham, Rogerus de, 51 

Willelmus de, ib. 
Turkelby, Rogerus de, 27 
Turnham, Robertus de, 2 
Tybetot, Robertus, 109 
Tycheseye, Thomas de, 84 

Ulnethorp', Johannes de, 125 
Umel, Adam, 36 

Valencia, Willelmus de, Dominus Pen- 

brok', 56-9. Cf. xxvii 
Veteri Ponte, Robertus de, 2 

Wake, Andreas, 57 

Baldewinus, 46-48 
Walebrok', Warner de, 16 
Waleys, Le, Benedictus, 120 

Johannes, 52 

Walterus, 131 
Walle, Le, Radulfus, 63 
Walleraund, Johannes, 34 

Robertus, 59-60 
Walterus, Eboracensis Archiepiscopus, 58 

Hubertus, 6 
Wander, Ricardus, 64 
Warenne, Johannes de, Comes Sussexe, 62 

Willelmus de, 2, 5, 12, 13, 14. Cf. xxiii 
Waryn, Edmundus, 51 
Watdona, Henricus de, 41 

Thomas de, ib. 
Watele, Johannes de, see Whatlega 
Watford, Walterus de, 120 

Willelmus de, 46, 61. Cf. xxxiv 
Wautona, Rogerus, 59 
Wayford, Baldewinus, 28 
Westona, Johannes de, 66 
Westrete, Gaufridus de, 9 
Whatlega, Johannes de, 67, 72 
Whyston, Willam de, 48 
Wichard, Nicholaus, 42 
Wichenton, Henry de, xx 
Wimborn', Thomas de, 17 
Wimund, Mainardus, 51 
Winton, Adam de, xxxiv 
Wintonia, Henricus de, 68 9 

Nicholaus de, 120 
Wodard, Henricus, 123 
Wyke, Galfridus de, 92 
Wykeham, Ricardus de, 69 



INDEX OF PERSONS 



147 



Wylehale, Ricardus de, 65 
Wylenby, Philippus de, 131 
Wynepol, Heriricus de, 103 
WyntershuU', Willelmus de, 57 
Wytendona, Johannes de, 101 
Wyvill, Johannes de, 17, 27, 28, 30 



Yres, Le, Johannes, 19 

Zuche, La, Alanus, 4:i 5, 62 
Alani, Elena uxor, 43, 62 
Willelmus, 57 



JEWS. 



Aaron, Joseph, xx 
Adam, clericus, 83 
Alemannia, Joceus (Mag.) de, 86 

Batecok', Josceus, 125 
Bateman, Benedictus, 120, 131 
Bedford, Benne de, 125 

Bonevie de, 93, 95 

Jacobus de, 125 

Manasserus de, 9 

Pictavinus (Peyuteuyn) de, 48 

Pictavini, Belia (Bele) uxor, 35, 48 
Belasez, 108, 115 
Benedictus le Eveske, 79, 95 
Berkhamstede, Isaac de, 72, 86, 90, 95. 
Cf. Isaac le Eveske de, 79 

Isaac, Floria uxor, 108 
Bigelin, Salomon, 36 
Biscop, Abraham, 86 
Blaungy, Isaac de, 131 
Blund, Le, Aaron, 13, 70. Cf. xxvii 

Elias, 9 

Mosseus, 88 

Samuel, 13, 133 
Blunt, Le, Mosseus, 87, 88 
Bruges, Meir de, 95, 127 
Bundy, Josceus, 82, 95, 96, 107 

Meirot, Joscei uxoris frater, 96 
Bunting, Salomon, 88, 93, 98, 100, 105 
Burdeus, Abraham de, 87 



Cantuaria, Abbe de, 41 

Hake de, 105 

Salle de, 43 
Cat, Le, Diaia, xliv 
Chapelein, Le, Benedictus, 123 

Vives, 87, 95 
Chipham, Elias de, 30 
Clare, Mosseus de, 41, 118 
Clerk, Le, Isaac, 131 

Jacobus, 67, 82, 84, 90, 93, lOt 



Cochard, Isaac, 126 

Cok' Haginus. See Filius, Deulecresse 

Cokerell, 28, 86 

Cokkus, 34 

Colecestria, Aaron de, 9 

Benedictus de, ib. 

Ursellus de, 10 
Coltona, Mosseus de, 128 
Copin. See Joscepin 
Copin, Jacobus, 83 
Cornhull', Elias de, 84, 98, 100, 105, 107, 

131 
Crespin, Aaron, 73, 93, 98, 99 

Benedict, xxvii 

Isaac, 7 

Jacob, xxvii 

Jacobus, 83 

Mosseus, 7, 131 
Cressandinus, 98, 100, 126 
Cresseus, le Eveske, 129 

le Prestre, 121 
Cricklade. See Kricklade 
Cruce Eoesie, Bonenfaunt de, 88 
Custanciis, Jacobus de, 9 

Denecastre, Elias de, 81 
Despenser, Le, Manserus, 131 
Deudone, xliv 

Diei le Eveske, 65, 74, 98, 100, 131 
Doggestrete, Mosseus de, 115, 116 

Mossei, Bona uxor, ib. 
Dorking, Abraham de, 105 

Eboraco, Aaron de. See Filius 

Aaron de, Henna uxor, 52 

Bonamy de, 86 

Leo de, 14 
Elias, gener Leonis, 11 
Elias, le Eveske, xxvii 
Elie, Saphira uxor, 60, 61 
Evesham, Benedictus de, 87 
Exonie, Deulegard, 23 



148 



INDEX OF PERSONS 



Filia, Filius (the patronymic stands 
first) :— 
Aaron, Cok', 34, 73 

Manserus, 71, 88, 120, 131 

Manuac, 46 

Salomon, 92 

Samuel, 52, 70 

Saunta, 77 

Saunte, Fluria uxor, ib. 

Thomas, 82 
Abrahe, Aaron, 10, 15, 16, 57. Cf. 
xxvii 

Diei, 74 

Isaac, 36 

Jorninus, 99 

Josceus, 36 

Leo, 36 

Manserus, 35 

Mosseus, xiv, 36 

Vives, 74 
Ade, Johannes, 36 
Antere, Abraham, 36 
Avegay, Benedictus, xliv 
Avegaye, Abraham, 14 

Mosseus, 123 
Benedicti, Abraham, 87 

Isaac, 9, 87 

Josceus, 95. Cf. Bundy, Josceus 

Leo, 87 
Benjamin, Aaron, 127. See Hibernia, 

Aaron de 
Bonenfaunt, Elias, 28 

Leo, 101 
Bonefey, Mosseus, 128 
Brun, Mosseus, 4 
Carbini, Aaron de, Josceus, 61 
Chere, Elias, 12, 13 
Cok', Abraham, 74, 76 

Benedictus, ib., 98, 100 

Manserus, 73, 75 
Cressei or Cresse. See Deulecresse 
Deuleben', Elias, 11 

Leo, ib. 
Deulecresse, Abraham, 88 

Benedictus, 36, 86 

Cok', Haginus, or Cok' Haginus, 67-8, 
77,82,87,117, 118, 119, 133 

Cresseus, 106, 120 

Isaac, 120 

Josceus, 101 
Diei, Samuel, 92 

Eboraco, Aaron de, Isaac nepotis, 
Samuel, 52 

Leonis de, Samuel, 14 



Filia, Filius : — 
Edra, Meir, 36 
Elie, Aaron, 117 

(Mag.) Abraham, 133 

Benedictus or Benettus, 111, 133 
Cresseus, 82, 92, 94, 96, 133 
Isaac, 133 
Leo, ib. 
Mosseus, ib. 
(Mag.) ? Sampson, 81 
Elie le Eveske, Hak\ 15 
Flurie, Jacobus, 9, 17 n. 

Josceus, 56 
Gamaliel, Meir, 90 
Gente, Cresseus (Deulecresse), 9, 35, 38, 

67, 72, 89, 93, 120 
Hagini, Cok', 77, 91, 105 

Isaac, 87 
Hak', Aaron, 97 
Benedictus, 91 
Manserus, 56 
Herefordia, Isaac de, Samuel, 61 
Isaac, Benedictus, 36 
Cresseus, 121 
Deudone, 105 
Isaac, 29, 36, 43, 123 
Manserus, 87 
Peyuteuyn, 48 
Pictavinus, 81 
Salomon, 36 
Sampson, 90 
Samuel, 52 
Isaac Cirographarii, Aaron, 13 
Jacobi, Aaron, 63 
Abbe, 42 

Benedictus, 89, 102, 107 
Mosseus, 102 
Joscei, Abraham, 54, 65 
Jacobus, 36 
Manserus, 97 
Salle, 36 
Senioret, xliv 
Leonis, Abraham, 36 
Antera, 12 
Benedictus, 31 
Mosseus, 122 
Samuel, 53 
Sigge, 11 
Licoricie, Cokerell, 28 
Lumbard, Isaac, Elias, 11 
Lumbardi, Cresse or Cresseus (Deule- 
cresse), 104 
Salomon, 43 
Manseri, Elias, 82 



INDEX OF PERSONS 



149 



Filia, Filius :— 

Margarete, Leo, xliv 
Meirot, Hake, 91 

Swetman, ib. 
Miles, Jacobus, 36 
Milonis, Cresseus, 92, 129 
Mossei, Abraham, 15 

Josceus, 95 
Mossei (Mag.), Cresseus, G7 n. Cf. xxxiii 

Elias (Mag.), 14, 43-5, 62, 86, 88, 96, 
112, 119, 120, 122, 131. Cf. xxix, 
xxxii, xxxiv 

Elie, Pucele uxor, 14 
Floria uxor, 131 

Hagin or Haginus, 68, 73, 77, 84, 
86, 91, 98, 99, 105, 109. Cf. 
xxxiii 

Jacobus, 107 

Vives, 46, 51, 74, 77, 79 
Antera uxor, 79 
Muriel, Abraham, 17 n., 79 
Peyuteuyn, Beneyt, 48 

Jacob, ib. 
Pigge, Josceus, 96 
Preciose, Leo, 71-2 

Leonis, Belassez uxor, 108 
Rabi, Abraham, 7 
Ees', Salomon, 11 
Salle, Aaron, 36, 74 

Josceus, 95 
Salomonis, Josceus, 36 

Jospinus, 42 

Lumbardus, 42 

Mosse, xliv 

Mosseus, 82 

Salomon, 83 
Sampsonis, Pictavinus, 127 

Samuel, 100 
Samuelis, Genta uxor, 100 
Samuelis, Sampson, 123 
Sarre, Simon Cok, xliv 
Sauloti, Joceus, 130 
Sleme, Josceus, 71, 87, 89 
Soleil, Diaie, 8, 17 

Bona uxor, 8 
Th . . ., Joppe, xliv 
Ursel, Sampson, xliv 
Vives, Aaron, 62, 80, 84, 85, 92, 93, 
112, 120, 132 

Abraham, 17 n. 

Sadekinus, 78 

Sadekini, Giva uxor, ib. 

Sampson, 98, 100 
Vivonis, Elias, xliv 



Franceys, Le, Isaac, 28 
Jacob, 75 
Samuel, 116 

Gabbay, Abraham, 90, 93 
Gelnseye, La, Abraham de, 93 
Gruel, Hake, 97 

Henn, Aaron, xlvii 
Herefordia, Benedictus de, 23 

Mosseus de, 22 
Herford, Mosseus de, 87 

Samuel de, ib. 
Hibernia, Aaron de, 120, 127 
Honprud, Abraham, 121 
Horndona, Abraham de, 86 

Isaac, Cirographarius, 13 

le Eveske, 74, 79, 82, 87, 88, 90, 93, 95, 

97, 98, 100, 105, 127, 131 
gener Lombardi, 95 
nepos Aaron, 52 

Jacobus, le Eveske, 17 n., 71 
Joevene, Le, Pictavinus, 65 
Joscepin, xxxi 

Kancia, Bonenfaunt de, 78 

Josceus de, 39 

Salle de, 29 
Karleun, Isaac de, 129 

Josceus de, ib. 
Kaune, Isaac de, 96 
Kent, Bonami de, 93 
Kingestona, Aaron de, 31 

Aaron, Hak gener, 32 
Kricklade, Lumbardus de, 43, 64 

Levere, Mosseus, 93 

Josceus, 98, 100 
Levi, Benedictus, 87 

Manserus, 109 

Samuel, 87 
Lincolnia, Benedictus de, 77 

Haginus de, 33-5, 48, 98. See Filius, 
Mossei (Mag.), Hagin or Haginus 

Josceus de, 87 

Saunta de, 123 
Lohum, Lohun, or Loun, Samuel (Mag.) 

de, 63, 74-5, 86, 90 
Londonia, Isaac le Eveske de, 127 
Loudona, Isaac de, 88 



150 



INDEX OF PERSONS 



Manserus, le Eveske, 98, 100 

Margarina, 103 

Meir, nepos Leonis, 90 

Meirot, see Bundy, Josceus, and Filius 

Mock, Mosse, xlvii 

Molekin, Josceus, 116 

Mossei (Mag.), Antera uxor, 42 

Mosseus, Magister, 36, 74, 76, 93 

Motun or Mutun, Samuel, 45 

Abraham, 90 

Saulot, 85 

Sauloti, Muriel uxor, 86 
Moyne, Le, Johannes, 36 

Northamptona, Peteman de, 88 

Pictavinus de, ib. 

Sadekinus de, 87 

Sadekini, Giva uxor, 78 

Sampson de, 88 
Norwico, Abraham de, 90 

Elias (Mag.) de, 86 

Isaac de, 3 

Jacobus de, xliv, 61 

Samuel de, 86 
Notingham', Pictavinus, 79 
Nyweb', or Neubyr', Bonevie de, 18, 35 



Potago, Aaron, 73-5, 93 
Poteman, Mosseus, 87 

Balee or Baleghe, Sampson de, 109, 131 
Bothewell, Abraham de, 123 
Buby, Le, Jacobus, 128 
Bussell, Abraham, 18, 29 
Bye or Beye, La, Aaron de, 72, 74, 86, 88, 
105 

Sadekinus. See Northampton and Filius, 

Vives 
Sakerell, 97, 99 

Melkana uxor, ib. 
Salomon, le Eveske, 28 
Sampson, 6 

Sampson, presbyterus, 36 
Samuel, le Eveske, 87 
Sancto Licio, Mosseus de, 53 

Samuel de, ib. 

Sarra, uxor Isaac de, 35 
Stamford, Deulecresse de, 86-7 
Staundona, Sampson de, 107 
Staunford, Samuel de, 82 
Suthwerk', Isaac de, 54, 84 

Talemunt, Benedict de, xx 



Oxonia, Benjamin de, 95 
Bonevie de, 63, 84, 96 
David de, Licoricia uxor, 19, 28. Cf. 

xxvii 
Gamaliel de, 46, 68, 72-3, 86, 88, 93, 

98, 100, 124, 130, 131 
Gamaliel, Mosseus frater, 86 
Isaac (Mag.) de, 90, 98, 100 
Jacobus de, 107 
Josceus de, 95 
Manserus de, 95 
Mosseus de, 87 

Paable Simon, 51 

Pape, La, Manserus, 98, 100 

Parvus, Isaac, xliv 

Pavely, Mosseus de, 42 

Petit, Le, Vives, 95 

Poleyn, Hak', 78 

Ponte, Juliana de, 36 



Ursellus, 70 

Warrewico, Elias de, 11 

Elie, Bessa uxor, ib. 

Isaac de, 9, 37, 73, 97 

Isaac, Ivetta uxor, 37 
Wigornia, Hak' de, 22, 97 

Sampson de, 97 
Wilton ia, Isaac de, 43 

Mosseus de, 56 
Wintonia, Benedictus de, 67, 72, 73, 79, 
82, 84, 88, 96, 97 

Chera de, 13 

Deudone, 74-5 

Simon de, 124 

Vives de, 36 

York, Aaron of, xxvi-viii 
Benedict of, xxi 
Leo of, xxvii 
Milo of, xxi. Cf. Eborac 



INDEX OP PLACES. 



[N.B, 



-Where a place-name serves merely to designate a person or persons named, 
it is omitted from this list.] 



Akemere, 10 
Arondell', 69 

Baladeulin, 132 

Bedford', 49, 125 

Benetlega, 8 

Berkhamstede, 4 

Bodekesham, 68-9 

Bridgnorth, xxv 

BristolP, 3, 30, 85, 92, 120, 127, 129. 

Cf. xxiv 
Bury St. Edmunds, xiv, xviii 



Caluistona, 129 
Cantebrigia, 36, 53, 54, i 
Cantuaria, 29, 35, 42, 

Cf. xxxvii 
Catteshill, xlvi 
Chaddestona, 45 
Cherlecote, 22 
Chinon, xvii 
Cicestria, 69 
Clarendona, 85 
Colecestria, 10, 127 
Crikelad, 69 

Denham, 94 

Devises or Divisiis, 69, 85 
Dovor', 29 
Dunestaplia, 4 



8-9, 76, 85, 112 
51, 74-6, 113. 



Eboracum, 54-6, 
Erlestok', 57 
Esseby, 45, 62 
Exonia, 83 

Faversham, 24 



110. Cf. xviii 



Geldeford, 69 

Ginges Le Munteny, 118, 120 

Giesburn', 39 

Gloucestria, 28, 61, 70, 85. Cf. xiv 

Hacesham, 69 
Hasseleye, 26 
Hemstede, 101 
Herefordia, 61, 70, 85, 117 
Herford', 94 
Histona, 130 
Holm, 68-9 
Honytona, 61 
Huntedona, 68-9 

Insula Eliensis, 76. Cf. xxxvii 

Kingestona, 31 
Kyngesclipstona, xli 

Lewes or Leuwys, 69, 75 

Lineolnia, 41, 110. Cf. xiv, xviii, xxx, 

xxxvii 
Londonia, 5, 6, 8, 9, 16, 33-8, 41, 44, 46, 
63-5, 73-5, 79, 80, 86, 90-1, 93-4, 99, 
105, 130, 132. Cf. xiv, xxii, xxxvii 
Londonie Fossatum, 122 
Gyhaulla, La, 6 
Murus, 105 
Parochie : 

S. Egidii extra Crepilgate, 122 

S. Laurentii, 5 

S. Marie Magdalene de Melkestrete, 

119 
S. Michaelis in Bassinghag' versus 

West, 46 ; Hoggenelane, 119 
S. Petri Parvi, 16 
S. Stephani, 16 



152 



INDEX OF PLACES 



Londonie Turris, 3, 5, 38, 56, 73, 79, 81, 

84, 86, 95, 97, 106-7, 112, 116 
Londonie vici etc. : 

Bissopesgate, 65 

Cattestrete, 105 

Colechurchstrete, 105 

Daneborgate, 16 

Grascherich, 109 

Ismongerelane, 65, 105 

S. Laurentii in Judaismo, 105-6 

Melkestrete, 119 

Neugate, 78 

Ostregate, 29 n. 

Wodestrete, 119 

Cimiteriuni S. Martini, 105 

Domus Conversorum, 113, 114. Cf. 
xxxvi 

Warda Nieholai de Wintonia, 108 
Lynehales, 80 



Oxtona, 84 

Pershora, 97 
Portsmue, 25 

Queenborough, xlii 

Reylegha or Kelega, 82 
Rocheford, 82 
Eothlan, 123, 129 

Saford, 69 
Salopia, 96, 123 
Southampton, xxv 
Stafford', 94 

Stanford-super-Sorarn, 125 
Stanle, 93 

Staunford', 81. Cf. xviii 
Subbyr', 118 



Maldona, 94 
Mannesbrig', 18 
Merleberg, 2, 3, 43, 85, 113 

Newbury, xxv 
Newcastle-on-Tyne, ib. 
Northamptona, 52, 79, 124. Cf. xxxvii 
Norwicum, xliv, 85, 102. Cf. xiv, xviii, 

xxvii 
Notingham, 125 
Novum Castrum, 75 

Odyngham, 92 

Oxonia, 28, 64, 79, 95, 103, 130. Cf. x, 
xii n. 3, xl 



Tiberias, xvii 
Tykehill, 53 

Wallingford, 64 
Warrewicum, Warwik', 11, 123 
Westmonasterium, xl, xlviii, liv, 23, 27, 

28, 29, 30, 31, 48, 59, 60, 62-3, 77, 78, 

88 
Wigornia, 85. Cf. xxvii, xxxvii 
Wiltonia, 19, 69, 104 
Windesora, 32, 84, 87, 96, 98, 99 
Wintonia, 12, 23, 28, 75. Cf. xiv 
Wodestok', 114 
Wycombe, xxv 
Wyttenes, 26 



'^o%^ 



Stelfcen Society 



FOUNDED 1887. 

To Encourage the Study and Advance the Knowledge of the History of English Law. 



patrons : 

HIS MAJESTY THE KING. 
HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE PRINCE OF WALES. 

IPrestoent : 
The Right Honourable Lord Macnaghten, 

Ulcc*ipresiDents : 
The Right Hon. Lord Justice Stirling. Sir Howard Elphinstone, Bart. 



Mr. J. T. Atkinson. 

The Hon. Mr. Justice Bruce. 

Mr. A. T. Carter. 

The Hon. Mr. Justice Channell. 

Mr. T. Cyprian Williams. 



Council : 

Sir H. C. M. Lyte, K.C.B. 
Mr. A. Stuart Moore. 
Mr. R. Pennington. 
Sir F. Pollock, Bart. 
Mr. W. C. Renshaw, K.C. 



Mr. Henry Attlee. 
Mr. Chadwyck Healey, K.C. 
Mr. F. A. Inderwick, K.C. 
The Hon. Mr. Justice Joyce. 
The Hon. Mr. Justice Wills. 



Xiterarg director : Professor F. W. Maitland (Downing College, Cambridge). 

Ibonorarg 2UiDttors: Mr. J. W. Clark, Mr. Hubert Hall. 

Ibonotarg Secretary: Mr. B. Fossett Lock (ii New Square, Lincoln's Inn, London). 

IfoOltorarg treasurer : Mr. Francis K. Munton (95 a Queen Victoria Street, London). 



Annual Subscription . . . ONE GUINEA.* 



Persons becoming Members may subscribe for all or any of the preceding years of the 
Society's existence, and in that case will be entitled to a copy of the publications issued for each 
year for which they may subscribe. 

Non-members can obtain the Society's publications from 

Mr. B. Quaritch, 15 Piccadilly, London, W. 
:;: In America, #5.18 

U 



154 

PUBLICATIONS 



The Volumes already published are 

Vol. I., for 1887. SELECT PLEAS OF THE CROWN. Vol. I., a.d. 1200 1225. Edited, from the 
Rolls preserved in H.M. Public Record Office, by F. W. Maitland, Downing Professor of the Laws 
of England, Cambridge. With Facsimile. Crown 4to. Price to non-members, 28j. 

A selection from the earliest records of English criminal justice. These criminal cases throw much 
light on the manners and customs of the people ; they illustrate the working of the ordeals of fire and 
water, and show how a substitute was gradually found in trial by jury. They are mostly cases of felony, 
but care has been taken to collect whatever throws light on the procedure of the Local Courts, the 
system of frankpledge, the organisation of counties and boroughs for judicial purposes, &c, &c. 



Vol. II., for 1888. SELECT PLEAS IN MANORIAL and other SEIGNORIAL COURTS. Vol. I., 
Henry III. and Edward I. Edited, from the earliest Rolls extant, by Professor F. W. Maitland. 
Crown 4to. Price to non-members, 28.y. 

A selection from the oldest manorial records. These embrace the whole legal life and much of 
the social life of a mediaeval village ; including land held on villain tenure, services, rights of common, 
personal actions for debt and trespass, leet and criminal jurisdiction, misdemeanours, the system of local 
police and frankpledge, trading communities, and the law merchant as administered at a great fair. 
The selections are from the rolls of the manors of the Abbey of Bee in 13 counties, of the honour of 
the Abbot of Ramsay in seven counties, his fair of S. Ives, and his manors in Huntingdon, and of other 
manors in Berks and Wilts. 

Vol. III., for 1889. SELECT CIVIL PLEAS. Vol. I., A.D. 1200-1203. Edited, from the Plea Rolls 
preserved in H.M. Public Record Office, by W. Paley Baildon, F.S.A., of Lincoln's Inn, Barrister- 
at-Law. Crown 4to. Price to non-members, 28.?. 

A selection from the earliest records of civil litigation. These consist largely of actions relating to 
land, either directly, as in the various assizes, writs of right and of entry, actions for dower, &c. ; or 
indirectly, as for feudal services, tolls, franchises, rivers, &c. Others do not concern land. The extracts 
illustrate the gradual evolution of the different forms of action, both real and personal. 



Vol. IV, for 1890. THE COURT BARON : Precedents of Pleading in Manorial and other 
Local Courts. Edited, from MSS. of the 14th and 15th Centuries, by Professor F. W. Maitland 
and W. Paley Baildon. Crown 4to. Price to non-members, 28^. 

This volume contains four treatises on the business of Manorial and other Local Courts, with 
precedents ; and throws light on the procedure and pleading. To these are added some very 
interesting extracts from the rolls of the Court of the Bishop of Ely at Littleport in the Fens 
(principally during the reign of Edward II.). 



Vol. V, for 1891. THE LEET JURISDICTION in the CITY OF NORWICH. Edited, from the 
Leet Rolls of the 13th and 14th Centuries in the possession of the Corporation, by the Rev. W. 
Hudson, M.A. With Map and Facsimile. Crown 4to. Price to non-members, 28^. 

This volume deals with mediaeval municipal life ; the municipal development of a chartered borough 
with leet jurisdiction, the early working of the frankpledge system ; and generally with the judicial, com- 
mercial, and social arrangements of one of the largest cities of the kingdom at the close of the 13th 
century. 

■Vol. VI., for 1892. SELECT PLEAS OF the COURT OF ADMIRALTY. Vol. I., a.d. 1 390-1404 and 
a.d. 1 527-1 545. Edited by Reginald G. Marsden, of the Inner Temple, Barrister-at-Law. With 
Facsimile of the ancient Seal of the Court of Admiralty. Crown 4to. Price to non-members, 28.5-. 

The business of the High Court of Admiralty was very considerable during the reigns of Henry 
VIII., of Elizabeth, and of the Stuarts, and played an important part in the development of commercial 
law. There is in the Records much curious information upon trade, navigation, and shipping, and the 
claims of the King of England to a lordship over the surrounding seas. 



155 

Vol. VII., for 1893. The MIRROR of JUSTICES. Edited, from the unique MS. at Corpus Christi 
College, Cambridge, with a new translation, by W. J. Whittaker, M.A. of Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge, and Professor F. W. Maitland. Crown 4to. Price to non-members, 28^. 

The old editions of this curious work of the 13th century are corrupt, and in many places un- 
intelligible. 

Vol. VIII., for 1894. SELECT PASSAGES from BRACTON and AZO. Edited by Professor 
F. W. Maitland. Crown 4to. Price to non-members, 28^. 

This volume contains those portions of Bracton's work in which he follows Azo printed in 
parallel columns with Azo's text. The use made by Bracton of the works of Bernard of Pavia and the 
canonist Tancred is also illustrated. 



Vol. IX., for 1895. SELECT CASES FROM the CORONERS' ROLLS, a.d. 1265-1413. Edited, from 
the Rolls preserved in H.M. Public Record Office, by Charles Gross, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of 
History, Harvard University. Crown 4to. Price to non-members, 28j\ 

The functions of the coroner were more important in this period than in modern times. The 
volume supplies interesting information on the history of the office of coroner, on the early develop- 
ment of the jury, on the jurisdiction of the hundred and county courts, on the collective responsibilities 
of neighbouring townships, on proof of Englishry, and on the first beginnings of elective representation. 



Vol. X., for 1896. SELECT CASES in CHANCERY, a.d. 1364-1471. Edited, from the Rolls preserved 

in H.M. Public Record Office, by W. Paley Baildon, F.S.A. Crown 4to. Price to non-members, 28.? 

These valuable records, of which few have hitherto been printed, throw new light on the connexion 

of the Chancery with the Council, and the gradual separation of the two ; on the early jurisdiction of 

the Chancery, its forms and procedure, and on the development of the principles of Equity. 



Vol. XL, for 1897. SELECT PLEAS OF the COURT of ADMIRALTY. Vol. II., a.d. 1547- 
1602. Edited by Reginald G. Marsden, of the Inner Temple, Barrister-at-Law. Crown 4to. 
Price to non-members, 28s. 

This volume is in continuation of Vol. VI., and covers the reigns of Edward VI., Mary, and Elizabeth : 
the period of the greatest importance of the Admiralty Court, and of its most distinguished judges, Dr. 
David Lewes and Sir Julius Caesar. It illustrates the foreign policy of Elizabeth, the Armada, and 
other matters and documents of general historical interest. The introduction treats of the Court from 
the 14th to the 18th century, with references to some State Papers not hitherto printed or calendared. 



Vol. XII., for 1898. SELECT CASES in the COURT of REQUESTS, a.d. 1497-1569. Edited, 
from the Rolls preserved in H.M. Public Record Office, by I. S. Leadam, of Lincoln's Inn, Barrister- 
at-Law. Crown 4to. Price to non-members, 28^. 

The origin and history of this Court have not hitherto been fully investigated. Established by 
Henry VII. under the Lord Privy Seal, as a Court of Poor Men's Causes, and developed by Cardinal 
Wolsey, its valuable records illustrate forcibly the struggle between the Council and the Common Law 
Courts ; the development of equity procedure and principle outside the Chancery ; the social effect of 
the dissolution of the monasteries and the raising of rents ; the tenure of land ; the rights of copyholders ; 
the power of guilds ; and many other matters of legal and social interest. The introduction covers the 
whole history of the Court to its gradual extinction under the Commonwealth and Restoration. 

Vol. XIII., for 1899. SELECT PLEAS OF the FORESTS, edited from the Forest Eyre Rolls and 
other MSS. in H.M. Record Office and British Museum, by G. J. Turner, M.A., of Lincoln's 
Inn, Barrister-at-Law. Crown 4to. Price to non-members, 2%s. 

The Forest Plea Rolls are very interesting and little known. They begin as early as the reign of 
King John, and consist of perambulations, claims, presentments and other proceedings (such as trials 
for poaching and trespass in the Forests) before the Justices in Eyre of the Forests. The present 
volume deals with the adminstration of the Forests in the 13th century, their judges, officers, courts, 
procedure, &c. ; the beasts of the forest, chase and warren ; the hounds and instruments of hunting ; 
the grievances of the inhabitants, benefit of clergy, and other important matters. 

Vol. XIV, for 1900. BEVERLEY TOWN DOCUMENTS, edited by Arthur F. Leach, Barrister-at- 
Law, Assistant Charity Commissioner. Crown 4to. Price to non-members, 2Ss. 

These records illustrate the development of Municipal Government in ihe 14th and 15th centuries : 
the communal ownership of land ; the relations between the town and the trade guilds ; and other 
interesting matteis. 

u 2 



156 

Vol. XV.. forigoi. SELECT PLEAS, STARRS, &C, OF the JEWISH EXCHEQUER, a.d. 121 8- 
1286. Edited, from the Rolls in H.M. Record Office, by J. M. Rigg, of Lincoln's Inn, Barrister-at- 
Law. Crown 4to. Price to non-members, 28^. 

These Rolls illustrate a department of the history of English law which has been very dark. 
The Justiciarii Judsorum, who had the status of Barons of the Exchequer, exercised jurisdiction in 
ail affairs between Jews or the Jewish community on the one hand and the Crown or Christians on 
the other ; namely, in accounts of the revenue, in some criminal matters, in pleas upon contracts and 
torts between Jews and Christians, and in causes or questions touching their land or goods, or their 
tallages, fines, and forfeitures. This involved a complete registry of deeds or ' starrs.' The Rolls 
constitute a striking history of the English Jewry for 70 years before their expulsion under Edward I. 
This volume is published in co-operation with the Jewish Historical Society of England. 



The Volumes in course of preparation are 
Vol. XVI., for 1902. Select Pleas of the Court of Star Chamber. Vol.1. By I. S. Leadam. 

The Records* of this Court consist of Bills, Answers, Depositions, and other proceedings. They 
are of great importance as illustrating both public and private history. Xone of the Orders or Decrees 
are known to exist. In the Report of a Committee of the House of Lords made in 1719, it is stated 
that " the last notice of them that could be got was that they were in a house in St. Bartholomew's 
Close, London." 

Vol. XVII., for 1903. The Year Books of Edward II. A revised text and translation. Vol. I. By 
Professor F. W. MAITLAND. 

It is proposed to continue these Year Books in alternate years — 1905, 1907, 1909, &c. 



Vol. XVIII., for 1904. Select Pleas of the Court of Star Chamber. Vol. II. By I. S. Leadam. 



Vol. XX., for 1906. Glanvill. A New Edition. By I. S. Leadam. 

The folloiving are among the Works contemplated for future volumes 
Vol. . Select Pleas in Manorial and other Seignorial Courts, Vol. II. 



Vol. . Select Municipal Custumals. By Miss Mary Bateson. 
Vol. . Select Civil Pleas, Vol. II. 



Vol. . Select Charters of Trading Companies. 



Vol. . Conveyancing Precedents of the Thirteenth Century. 

There are several interesting sets hitherto unprinted. The mercantile transactions are very curious. 



Vol. . The History of the Register of Original Writs : 

* For further information on these Records, see the valuable and learned " Guide to the Principal Classes of Documents preserved 
in the Public Record Office," by S. R. Scakgill-Bird, F.S.A. (London : Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1891.) 



The Council will be grateful for any information upon the contents and custody of any 
MSS. which may be of sufficient interest to be dealt with by the Society. 



All communications may be addressed to the Honorary Secretary, 

Mr. B. FOSSETT LOCK, 11 New Square, Lincoln's Inn, London, W.C. 

Subscriptions should be paid, and Applications for Forms of Membership or Bankers' 
Orders and communications as to the issue of the publications should be made to the Honorary 
Treasurer, 

Mr. FRANCIS K. MUNTON, 95a Queen Victoria Street, London, E.C. 

or, in the United States of America, to the Local Honorary Secretary and Treasurer, 

Mr. RICHARD W. HALE, 10 Tremont Street, Boston, Massachusetts. 

December 1901. 



157 



Selfcen £>octet2* 



FOUNDED 1887. 



RULES. 

1. The Society shall be called the Selden Society. 

2. The object of the Society shall be to encourage the study and advance 
the knowledge of the history of English Law, especially by the publication 
of original documents and the reprinting or editing of works of sufficient 
rarity or importance. 

3. Membership of the Society shall be constituted by payment of the 
annual subscription, or, in the case of life members, of the composition. Form 
of application is given at the foot. 

4. The annual subscription shall be £1. Is., payable in advance on or 
before the 1st of January in every year. A composition of £21 shall con- 
stitute life membership from the date of the composition, and, in the case of 
Libraries Societies and corporate bodies, membership for 30 years. 

5. The management of the affairs and funds of the Society shall be vested 
in a President, two Vice-Presidents, and a Council consisting of fifteen 
members, in addition to the ex officio members. The President, the two 
Vice-Presidents, the Literary Director, the Secretary, and the Hon. Treasurer 
shall be ex officio members. Three shall form a quorum. 

6. The President, Vice-Presidents, and Members of the Council shall be 
elected for three years. At every Annual General Meeting such one of the 
President and Vice-Presidents as has, and such five members of the Council 
as have served longest without re-election, shall retire. 

7. The five vacancies in the Council shall be filled up at the Annual 
General Meeting in the following manner : (a) Any two Members of 
the Society may nominate for election any other member by a writing 
signed by them and the nominated member, and sent to the Hon. 
Secretary on or before the 14th of February, (b) Not less than fourteen 
days before the Annual General Meeting the Council shall nominate 
for election five members of the Society, (c) No person shall be eligible 
for election on the Council unless nominated under this Rule, (d) Any 
candidate may withdraw, (e) The names of the persons nominated shall 



158 

be printed in the notice convening the Annual General Meeting. (/) If the 
persons nominated, and whose nomination shall not have been withdrawn, 
are not more than five, they shall at the Annual General Meeting be 
declared to have been elected, (g) If the persons nominated, and whose 
nomination shall not have been withdrawn, shall be more than five, an 
election shall take place by ballot as follows : every member of the Society 
present at the Meeting shall be entitled to vote by writing the names of not 
more than five of the candidates on a piece of paper and delivering it to the 
Hon. Secretary or his Deputy, at such meeting, and the five candidates who 
shall have a majority of votes shall be declared elected. In case of equality 
the Chairman of the Meeting shall have a second or casting vote. The 
vacancy in the office of President or Vice-President shall be filled in the 
same manner (mutatis mutandis). 

8. The Council may fill casual vacancies in the Council or in the offices 
of President and Vice-President. Persons so appointed shall hold office so 
long as those in whose place they shall be appointed would have held 
office. The Council shall also have, power to appoint Honorary Members 
of the Society. 

9. The Council shall meet at least twice a year, and not less than seven 
days' notice of any meeting shall be sent by post to every member of the 
Council. 

10. There shall be a Literary Director to be appointed and removable by 
the Council. The Council may make any arrangement for remunerating the 
Literary Director which they may think reasonable. 

11. It shall be the duty of the Literary Director (but always subject to 
the control of the Council) to supervise the editing of the publications of the 
Society, to suggest suitable editors, and generally to advise the Council with 
respect to carrying the objects of the Society into effect. 

12. Each member shall be entitled to one copy of every work published 
by the Society as for any year of his membership. No person other than an 
Honorary Member shall receive any such work until his subscription for the 
year as for which the same shall be published shall have been paid. Provided 
that Public Libraries and other Institutions approved by the Council may, 
on agreeing to become regular subscribers, be supplied with the past 
publications at such reduced subscription as the Council may from time to 
time determine. 

13. The Council shall appoint an Hon. Secretary and also an Hon. 
Treasurer and such other Officers as they from time to time think fit, and 
Bhall from time to time define their respective duties. 

14. The funds of the Society, including the vouchers or securities for any 
investments, shall be kept at a Bank, to be selected by the Council, to an 
account in the name of the Society. Such funds or investments shall only 
be dealt with by a cheque or other authority signed by the Treasurer and 



159 

countersigned by one of the Vice-Presidents or such other person as the 
Council may from time to time appoint. 

15. The accounts of the receipts and expenditure of the Society up to the 
31st of December in each year shall be audited once a year by two Auditors, 
to be appointed by the Society, and the report of the Auditors, with an 
abstract of the accounts, shall be circulated together with the notice convening 
the Annual Meeting. 

16. An Annual General Meeting of the Society shall be held in March 
1896, and thereafter in the month of March in each year. The Council may 
upon their own resolution and shall on the request in writing of not less 
than ten members call a Special General Meeting. Seven days' notice at 
least, specifying the object of the meeting and the time and place at which 
it is to be held, shall be posted to every member resident in the United 
Kingdom at his last known address. No member shall vote at any General 
Meeting whose subscription is in arrear. 

17. The Hon. Secretary shall keep a Minute Book wherein shall be 
entered a record of the transactions, as well at Meetings of the Council as at 
General Meetings of the Society. 

18. These rules may upon proper notice be repealed, added to, or modified 
from time to time at any meeting of the Society. But such repeal, addition, 
or modification, if not unanimously agreed to, shall require the vote of not 
less than two-thirds of the members present and voting at such meeting. 

July 1901. 

FOKM OF APPLICATION FOR MEMBERSHIP. 
To Mr. Feancis K. Munton, 95a Queen Victoria Street, London, E.C., 

Honorary Treasurer of the Selden Society. 

I desire to become a member of the Society, and herewith send my 
cheque for One Guinea, the annual subscription [or £21 the life contribu- 
tion] dating from the commencement of the present year. [I also desire 
to subscribe for the preceding years , and I add 

one guinea for each to my cheque.] 

Name 

Address 

Description 

Date 

[Note.— Cheques, crossed "Robarts & Co., a/c of the Selden Society," 
should be made payable to the Honorary Treasurer, from whom forms of 
bankers' orders for payment of subscriptions direct to the Society's banking 
account can be obtained.] 



160 



l&efben §kocxtt%. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 
1900. 



(* denotes Life Members ; f Members of the Council.) 



UNITED KINGDOM. 



Alsop, J. W. 

Alverstone, The Eight Hon. Lord 

Anson, Sir W. E., Bart. 

Ashburner, "Walter 

Atkinson, J. T. 

Attlee, Henry 

Baildon, W. Paley 
Bell & Bradfute 

BlRKETT, P. 

Blakesley, G. H. 
Bond, Henry 
Brace, L. J. K. 
Brice, Seward, Q.C. 
Browne, G. F. 
TBruce, The Hon. Mr. Justice 
Brunel, I. 

Buckley, The Hon. Mr. Justice 
Byrne, The Hon. Mr. Justice 

Campbell, E. 
Carpenter, E. H. 

tCARTER, A. T. 

Chadwick, S. J. 
•j-Channell, The Hon. Mr. Justice 
Charles, Sir Arthur 
Clark, J. W. 
Cohen, A., Q.C. 

COLVILLE, H. K. 

*Connaught, H.E.H. The Duke of 
Cook, C. A. 

Coolidge, Eev. W. A. B. 
Couch, The Eight Hon. Sir E. 
Cozens-Hardy, The Hon. Mr. Justice 
Cracroft, E. W. 
Crewe. W. 0. 



16 Bidston Eoad, Birkenhead. 

Hornton Lodge, Pitt St., Kensington, W. 

All Souls College, Oxford. 

15 Old Square, Lincohi's Inn, W.C. 

Selby, Yorks. 

10 Bilhter Street, E.C. 

5 Stone Buildings, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 

12 Bank Street, Edinburgh. 

4 Lincoln's Inn Fields, W.C. 

13 Old Square, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 
Trinity Hall, Cambridge. 

c/o Lloyd's Bank, 16 St. James's Street.W. 

5 New Court, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 
151 Cannon Street, E.C. 

Eoyal Courts of Justice, W.C. 
15 Devonshire Terrace, Hyde Park, W. 
7 Melbury Eoad, Kensington, W. 
33 Lancaster Gate, W. 

5 New Court, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 

Bank Chambers, Corn Street, Bristol. 

Christ Church, Oxford. 

Lyndhurst, Dewsbury. 

Eoyal Courts of Justice, W.C. 

Woodlands, Sevenoaks, Kent. 

Board of Agricidture, St. James's Sq., S.W 

26 Great Cumberland Place, W. 

Bellaport Hall, Market Drayton. 

Buckingham Palace, S.W. 

High Winkworth, Hascombe, Godahning. 

Magdalen College, Oxford. 

25 Linden Gardens, W. 

Eoyal Courts of Justice, W.C. 

12 King's Bench Walk, Temple, E.C. 

Central Bdgs., North John Street, L'pool. 



161 



Cross, W. C. H. 

CUNLIFFE, B. 
CURREY,C.H. 

Danckwerts, W. 0., Q.C. 
Darling, The Hon. Mr. Justice 
Davey, The Eight Hon. Lord 
Dees, E. E. 

*Derby, The Eight Hon. the Earl of 
Dicey, A. V., Q.C, Professor 
Donnithorne, Nicholas 

IElphinstone, Sir Howard W., Bart. 
Elton, C. L, Q.C. 
Evans, A. J. 
Evans, Sir John 

Farwell, The Hon. Mr. Justice 

Finlay, Sir E. B., A.G., M.P. 

Fisher, H. A. L. 

Ford, J. Eawlinson 

Fox, G. W. 

Fry, The Eight Hon. Sir E. 

Galpin, H. F. 
*Giffard, Henry A., Q.C. 
Grantham, The Hon. Mr. Justice 
Gray, W. H. 
Gray-Hill, J. E. 
Gregory, P. S. 
Gruchy, W. L. de 

Hadfield, G. 

Hall, Hubert 

Halliday, J. 

Harris, D. L. 

Harris, W. J. 

Haslehurst, G. L. 
IHealey, C. E. H. Chadwyck, Q.C. 
*Heap, Ealph 

Hollams, J. 

Houghton, Boydell 

Hudson, Eev. W. 

Humfrys, W. J. 

Hunter, John 

Inderwick, F. A., Q.C. 



Bank Chambers, Bristol. 
43 Chancery Lane, W.C. 
14 Great George Street, Westminster, S.W. 

7 New Court, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 
18 Princes Gardens, W. 
86 Brook Street, W. 
The Hall, Wallsend, Northumberland. 
Derby House, St. James's Square, S.W. 
The Orchard, Banbury Eoad, Oxford. 
Fareham, Hants. 

2 Stone Buildings, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 
10 Cranley Place, S.W. 
65 Chesterton Eoad, Cambridge. 
Nash Mills, Hemel Hempstead, Herts. 

60 Queen's Gardens, W. 
4 Temple Gardens, Temple, E.G. 
New College, Oxford. 
Quarrydene, Westwood, Leeds. 

14 Eochester Ter., Camden Town, N.W. 
Fairland House, Fairland, near Bristol. 

4 George Street, Oxford. 
Braye du Valle, Guernsey. 
Eoyal Courts of Justice, W.C. 
Ormond House, 63 Qu. Victoria Street,E.C. 
10 Walter Street, Liverpool. 

1 New Square, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 
12 Highbury Mansions, N. 

20 St. Ann's Square, Manchester. 
Public Eecord Office, Chancery Lane,W.C. 

5 Holland Park, W. 
Downing College, Cambridge. 
Sittingbourne, Kent. 

Bank Street, Lincoln. 

7 New Square, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 

1 Brick Court, Temple, E.C. 

30 Mincing Lane, E.C. 

1 Temple Gardens, E.C. 

15 Hartfield Square, Eastbourne. 
Hereford. 

Louisa Terrace, Exmouth, Devon. 

1 Mitre Court Buildings, Temple, E.C. 



Jacobs, Herbert 1 Harcourt Buildings, Temple, E.C. 

Jelf, A. E., Q.C. Oak House, Putney. 

Jeune, The Eight Hon. Sir Francis H. 37 Wimpole Street, W. 

Joyce, The Hon. Mr. Justice Eoyal Courts of Justice, W.C. 



Kekewich, The Hon. Mr. Justice 



Eoyal Courts of Justice, W.C. 



162 



Kennedy, The Hon. Mr. Justice 

King, H. C. 
*Lake, B. G. 

Latham, W., Q.C. 

Lawrence, P. 0., Q.C. 

Lewis, Frank B. 
-jLiNDLEY, The Right Hon. Lord 

Lindsay, W. A. 

Lister, J. 
fLocK, B. Fossett 

Lushington, His Honour Judge Vernon 
ILyte, Sir H. C. Maxwell 

Macnaghten, The Right Hon. Lord 

tMAITLAND, F. W. 

Marsden, R. G. 

Martin, C. Trice 

Matthews, J. B. 

Mears, T. L. 
IMoore, A. Stuart 

Moulton, J. Fletcher, Q.C, M.P. 
f Munton, Francis K. 

Nash, E. 
Neilson, G. 
Nichols, G. J. 

North, The Right Hon. Sir Ford 
Norton, H. T. 
*Norton, R. F., Q.C. 



94 Westbourne Terrace, W. 

17 Serjeants' Inn, Fleet Street, E.G. 

10 New Square, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 

11 New Square, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 
4 New Court, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 
11 Old Jewry Chambers, E.C. 

19 Craven Hill Gardens, W. 

College of Arms, Queen Victoria Street, E.C. 

Shelden Hall, near Halifax. 

11 New Square, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 

36 Kensington Square, W. 

Public Record Office, Chancery Lane,W.C. 

198 Queen's Gate, S.W. 

Downing College, Cambridge. 

13 Leinster Gardens, W. 

85 Hamilton Terrace, N.W. 

G Sansome Place, Worcester. 

9 King's Bench Walk, Temple, E.C. 

G King's Bench Walk, Temple, E.C. 

11 King's Bench Walk, Temple, E.C. 

Montpelier House, Twickenham. 

15 Sussex Gardens, Hyde Park, W. 

34 Granby Terrace, Glasgow. 

Longfield, Bideford, North Devon. 

76 Queensborough Ter., Bayswater, W. 

103 Lancaster Gate, W. 

11 Old Square, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 



Oxford, The Right Rev. the Lord c/o W. W. Stubbs, Esq. 
Bishop of (Exors. of) lege, S.E. 



Dulwich Col- 



Palmer, F. Danby 
Parker, Kenyon C. S. 
Parker, R. J. 

fPENNINGTON, R. 

Poland, Sir H. B., Q.C. 
fPoLLOCK, Sir F., Bart. 
Poore, Major R. 
Priest, F. J. 

Privy Purse, The Keeper ofH.M.'s 
Prothero, G. W. 

Radford, G. H. 

Raikes, His Honour Judge 
tRENSHAW, W. C, Q.C. 

Ridley, The Hon. Mr. Justice 

Rigby, The Right Hon. Lord Justice 

Rigg, J. M. 
tRoMER, The Right Hon. Lord Justice 

Rosenthal, Julius 

Ross, Dr. J. Carne 



38 Hall Quay, Great Yarmouth. 

13 Old Square, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 

9 Stone Buildings, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 

G4 Lincoln's Inn Fields, W.C. 

5 Paper Buildings, Temple, E.C. 

13 Old Square, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 

Old Lodge, Salisbury. 

163 Canning Street, Liverpool. 

Buckingham Palace, S.W. 

24 Bedford Square, W.C. 

27 Chancery Lane, W.C. 

The Leat House, Malton, Yorks. 

5 Stone Buildings, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 

48 Lennox Gardens, S.W. 

Carlyle House, Chelsea Embankment, S.W. 

9 New Square, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 

27 Harrington Gardens, S.W. 

c/o Stevens & Haynes, 13 Bell Yard.W.C. 

Parsonage Nook, Whittington, Manchester 



163 



Royce, Rev. David 
Russell of Killowen, 

Lord (Exors. of) 
Russell, C. A., Q.C. 
Rutherford, W. 
Rye, W. 



Nether Swill Vicarage, Stow-on-the-Wold. 
The Rt. Hon. Royal Courts of Justice, W.C. 

2 Harcourt Buildings, Temple, E.C. 

3 Plowden Buildings, Temple, E.C. 
16 Golden Square, W. 



Salisbury, The Rt. Hon. the Marquis of 20 Arlington Street, W. 



Savill, Harry 

tSCARGILL-BlRD, S. 

Seebohm, F. 
Shadwell, C L. 
Sharp, J. E. E. S. 
Smith, Vernon R., 
Stephens, H. C. 



R. 



Q.C. 



12 Fenchurch Avenue, E.C. 

Public Record Office, Chancery Lane, "W.C. 

The Hermitage, Hitchin. 

c/o Messrs. James Parker, Oxford. 

Public Record Office, Chancery Lane, W.C. 

8 Stone Buildings, Lincoln's Inn, "W.C. 

Avenue House, Finchle}*, N. 



tStirling, The Right Hon. Lord Justice Royal Courts of Justice, W.C. 
Stirling, Hugh 11 Birchin Lane, E.C. 

Sweet, Charles 10 Old Square, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 



Thornely, J. L. 
Thornton, C. 
Threlfall, Henry S. 
Turner, G. J. 
Turton, R. B. 

♦Walker, J. Douglas, Q.C. 

Wall, C. Y. 

Wallis, J. P. 

Walters, W. Melmoth 

Warmington, C. M., Q.C. 

Warrington, T. R,, Q.C. 

Watney, J., Sir 

Watson, E. J. 
*Welby, Edward M. E. 

Westlake, J., Q.C. 

Whitaker, F. 

W t hite, J. Bell 

Whittuck, E. A. 

WlGHTMAN, A. 

t Williams, T. Cvprian 

Williams, T. W. 
IWills, The Hon. Mr. Justice 

Wilson, J. C. 

Woods, Grosvenor, Q.C. 



5 Fenchurch Street, Liverpool. 

2 Leeds Road, Nelson, Lancashire. 
12 London Street, Southport. 
14 Old Square, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 
Killdale Hall, Grosmont, Yorks. 

20 Queen's Gate Gardens, S.W. 
Grange House, Darlington. 

1 Harcourt Buildings, Temple, E.C. 
Ewell, Surrey. 

7 New Square, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 

6 New Court, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 
Mercers' Hall, E.C. 

St. John's Arch, Bristol. 
Norton House, Norton, Sheffield. 
River House, Chelsea Embankment, S.W. 
Duchy of Lancaster Office, W.C. 

2 Paper Buildings, Temple, E.C. 
77 South Audley Street, W. 

Bank Chambers, George Street, Sheffield. 

7 Stone Buildings, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 
Bank Chambers, Corn Street, Bristol. 
Royal Courts of Justice, W.C. 
Shelwood House, Oxford. 
Mountfield, Bonchurch, I.W. 



SOCIETIES, LIBRARIES, &c. 
Birmingham : 

Central Free Library Ratcliff Place. 

Cambridge : 

Trinity Hall. 
Croydon : 

Public Libraries. 



164 



Dublin : 

King's Inn Library. 
Glasgow : 

Faculty of Procurators 

Mitchell Library 

Hull: 

Public Libraries. 

Liverpool : 

Free Public Library. 
Incorporated Law Society 
Tate Library 

London : 

Bar Library 

Guildhall Library 

Gladstone Library 

Gray's Inn. 

Incorporated Law Society 

Inner Temple. 

Lincoln's Inn. 

London Library 

Middle Temple. 

Oxford and Cambridge Club 

Public Eecord Office 

Sion College 

Society of Antiquaries 

Treasury (Parliamentary Counsel) 

Manchester : 

Free Reference Library 
Manchester Law Library 
Owens College 



62 St. George's Place 
21 Miller Street. 



13 Union Court. 
University College. 



Royal Courts of Justice, W.C. 

Guildhall, E.C. 

National Lib. Club, Whitehall Place, S.W. 

Chancery Lane, W.C. 



14 St. James's Square, S.W. 

c/o Harrison & Sons, 59 Pall Mall, S.W. 
c/o Eyre & Spottiswoode, Gt. New St., E.C. 
Victoria Embankment, E.C. 
Burlington House, W. 
c/o Eyre & Spottiswoode, Gt. New St., E.C. 



King Street. 

Kennedy Street. 

c/o J. E. Cornish, 16 St. Ann's Square. 

Newcastle-on-Tyne : 

Literary and Philosophical Society. 

Oxford : 

All Souls College. 

York: 

Yorkshire Law Society 



Guildhall. 



COLONIAL AND FOEEIGN. 



DENMARK : 

Royal Library, Copenhagen 

DOMINION OF CANADA: 
Armour, Hon. Chief Justice 
Proudfoot, W. 



c/o Sampson Low & Co., Fetter Lane, E.C 

Cobourg, Ontario. 

3 Queen's Park, Toronto. 

Law Society of Upper Canada c/o Stevens & Haynes, 13 Bell Yard, W.C. 

Library of Parliament, Ottawa c/o E. G. Allen, 28 Henrietta St., W.C. 

University of Toronto c/o E. G. Allen, 28 Henrietta St., W.C. 

The Supreme Court, Ottawa c/o Stevens & Haynes, 13 Bell Yard, W.C. 



165 



FRANCE : 

Barclay, Thomas 
Tardiff, E. T. 

BlBLIOTHEQUE NaTIONALE 

blbliotheque de la faculte de 

Droit 
blbliotheque de l'universite 

GERMANY : 

Hubner, Professor 

Berlin Royal Library 

ITALY : 

Jerome, Thomas Spencer 

NEW ZEALAND: 

Williams, Mr. Justice 

QUEENSLAND: 

* Griffith, Sir S. W., C.J. 
Queensland Public Libraries 

SOUTH AFRICA : 

* Finnemore, Mr. Justice 

SOUTH AUSTRALIA: 

University of Adelaide 

SWEDEN : 

Royal Library, Stockholm 

SWITZERLAND : 

Universitats-Bibliothek 

TASMANIA : 

Tenison, C. M. 

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: 
California : 

San Francisco Law Library 



17 Rue Pasquier, Paris. 

28 Rue clu Cherche-midi, Paris. 

Paris.) c/o Kegan Paul & Co., Paternoster 

Paris.) House, Charing Cross Rd.,W.C. 

c/o M. Picard, 82 Rue Bonaparte, Paris. 



c/o W. Muller, 59 Castle Street East, W. 
c/o Asher & Co., 13 Bedford Street, W.C. 

Villa Castello, Capri. 

Supreme Court, Dunedin. 

Judges' Chambers, Brisbane. 
Brisbane. 

Supreme Court, Pietermaritzburg, Natal. 

c/o W. Muller, 59 Castle Street East, W. 

c,'o Sampson Low & Co., Fetter Lane, E.C. 

Basel. 

Hobart. 

San Francisco. 



District of Columbia: 

* Fuller, Hon. M. W. 

* Gray, Hon. Horace 

Connecticut : 

Connecticut State Library Hartford. 

Illinois : 

Blair, Frank P. 

The Law Institute, Chicago 



Supreme Judicial Courts, Washington. 
Supreme Judicial Courts, Washington. 



46-48 Borden Block, Chicago. 

c/o Stevens & Haynes, 13 Bell Yard, W.C. 



Iowa : 

Iowa State University Iowa City. 

Maryland : 

The Baltimore Bar Library Baltimore. 
Johns Hopkins University Baltimore. 



166 



Massachusetts : 

* Abbot, E. H. 
Adams, "Walter 

* Ames, Professor James B. 
Beale, Professor J. H. 
Bigelow, Professor M. M. 
Brandies, Dunbar & Nutter 
Fish, Frederick P. 

Gray, Professor J. C. 
Hale, Richard W. 
Hill, A. D. 
Holmes, Hon. W. 
Leverett, George V. 
Thayer, Professor James B. 

Boston University 
Boston Athenaeum 
Boston Public Library ) 
Harvard College Library | 

* Harvard Law School 
Social Law Library 
"Worcester Law Library 

Minnesota : 

Young, Hon. G. B. 

The Minneapolis Bar Assoc. 
Missouri : 

Sale, M. N. 

New Jersey : 

Princeton University 

New York: 

Abbott, Everett Y. 
Ashley, Clarence D. 
Bacon, Henry Selden 
Bell, James D. 
Brainerd, C. 
Davies, J. T. 
Diven, George M. 
Gulick, John C. 
Keener, Professor W. A. 
Kenneson, T. D. 
Loewy, Benno 
Milburn, J. G. (Buffalo) 
Nichols, G. L. 
Starbuck, Henry P. 
Strong, C. E. 
Brooklyn Law Library 
Cornell University Library 
Long Island Historical Soc. 
New York Public Library 
New York Bar Association 
New York Law Institute 



1101 Tremont Building, Boston. 
S. Framingham. 

Harvard Law School, Cambridge. 
13 Chauncy Street, Cambridge. 
944 Tremont Building, Boston. 
220 Devonshire Street, Boston. 
40 "Water Street, Boston. 
60 State Street, Boston. 

10 Tremont Street, Boston. 

53 State Street, Room 1033, Boston. 

Court House, Boston. 

53 Devonshire Street, Boston. 

5 Phillips Place, Cambridge. 

Ashburton Place, Boston. 
8 Beacon Street, Boston, 
c/o Kegan Paul & Co., Paternoster House, 

Charing Cross Road, AV.C. 
Cambridge. 
Court House, Boston. 
Worcester. 

24 Gilfillan Block, St. Paul. 
Temple Court, Minneapolis. 

Commercial Building, St. Louis. 

Princeton. 

55 "William Street, New York City. 

New York University, New York City. 

811 Wilder Building, Rochester. 

87 Lee Avenue, Brooklyn. 

47 Cedar Street, New York City. 

58 William Street, New York City. 

Elmira. 

132 Nassau Street, New York City. 

Columbia College, Sch. of Law, N.Y. City. 

11 William Street, New York City. 
206 Broadway, New York City. 

c/o B. F. Stevens, 4 Trafalgar Square, W.C. 
49 Wall Street, New York City. 
Columbia College, New York City. 
36 Wall Street, New York City. 
County Court House, Brooklyn, 
c/o E. G. Allen, 28 Henrietta Street, W.C. 
c/o B. F. Stevens, 4 Trafalgar Square, 
f AV.C. 
42 West 44th Street, New York City, 
c/o Stevens & Hayncs, 13 Bell Yard, W.C. 



167 

Ohio: 

Cincinnati Law Library Cincinnati. 

Law School, Cincinnati Coll. Cincinnati. 

Pennsylvania : 

*Gest, John M. 400 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia. 

Jones, James Collins 641 N. Eighth Street, Philadelphia. 

Schafer, Hon. John D. Pittsburgh. 

Simpson, Alexander, Jr. 815 Stephen Girard Bdg., Philadelphia. 

Bryn Mawr College Library c/oY.J.Pentland,38 WestSmithfield,E.C. 

Law Assoc, of Philadelphia Eoom 600, City Hall, Philadelphia. 

Library Co. of Philadelphia c/o E. G. Allen, 28 Henrietta St., W.C. 

Pennsylvania University Philadelphia. 
Vermont : 

Haselton, Seneca Burlington. 

May, Elisha St. Johnsbury. 

Mower, Edmund C. Burlington. 

Bedmond, John W. Newport. 

Stafford, The Hon. Wendell P. St. Johnsbury. 

Taft, The Hon. R. S. Willston. 

Washington : 

Shepard, Charles E. New York Building, Seattle. 

Wisconsin : 

State Historical Society c/o H. Sotheran & Co., 140 Strand, W.C. 



LOCAL SECRETARIES AND CORRESPONDENTS. 

UNITED STATES OF AMEEICA : 

LOCAL SECRETARY AND TREASURER: 
RICHARD W. HALE 10 Tremont Street, Boston, Massachusetts. 

CORRESPONDENTS : 
Illinois : 

JOHN HENRY WIGM0RE 710 Masonic Temple, Chicago. 

Minnesota : 

HENRY B. WENZELL 601 New York Life Building, St. Paul. 

New York : 

GORDON TAYLOR HUGHES 120 Broadway, New York City. 

LOCAL SECRETARIES AND CORRESPONDENTS : 
DOMINION OF CANADA: 

W. McGREGOR YOUNG The Law School, OsgoodeHall, Toronto. 

NEW ZEALAND: 

F. REVANS CHAPMAN Dunedin. 



Spotlisicoode & Co. Ltd. Printers, New-strert Square, London. 



"*MW *" 



X 56 £ 



RETURN TO the circulation desk of any 
University of California Library 

or to the 

NORTHERN REGIONAL LIBRARY FACILITY 
Bldg. 400, Richmond Field Station 
University of California 
Richmond, CA 94804-4698 

ALL BOOKS MAY BE RECALLED AFTER 7 DAYS 

• 2-month loans may be renewed by calling 
(510)642-6753 

• 1-year loans may be recharged by bringing 
books to NRLF 

• Renewals and recharges may be made 
4 days prior to due date 

DUE AS STAMPED BELOW 

MAY 2 4 Z007 



DD20 12M 1-05 



BEMBM.UBBMW-U.C BERKELEY 






Boooaoniai